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Contents (2014 - 758)
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Road Rules 2014
Current version for 1 February 2019 to date (accessed 27 June 2019 at 02:56)
Part 7
Part 7 Giving way
Note 1.
 The rules in this Part deal with giving way in most situations. In addition, other rules requiring a driver to give way include:
•  making a U-turn—rule 38
•  turning at traffic lights at an intersection—rule 62
•  at an intersection with traffic lights that are not operating or only partly operating—rule 63
•  turning at a flashing yellow traffic arrow at an intersection—rule 64
•  at a marked foot crossing with a flashing yellow traffic light—rule 65
•  entering and driving in a roundabout—rule 114
•  by the rider of a bicycle or animal to a vehicle leaving a roundabout—rule 119
•  at a stop sign at a level crossing—rule 121
•  at a give way sign or give way line at a level crossing—rule 122
•  moving from one marked lane to another marked lane, or from one line of traffic to another line of traffic—rule 148
•  when lines of traffic merge into a single line of traffic—rule 149
•  for pedestrians crossing the road near a stopped tram—rules 163, 164 and 164A.
Note 2.
 For the meaning of left and right, see rule 351 (1) and (2).
Division 1 Giving way at a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applying to the driver
Note.
 For a driver, a reference in a rule in this Division to a traffic sign or road marking is a reference to a traffic sign or road marking applying to the driver—see rules 338 to 341.
67   Stopping and giving way at a stop sign or stop line at an intersection without traffic lights
(1)  A driver at an intersection with a stop sign or stop line, but without traffic lights, must stop and give way in accordance with this rule.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note 1.
 Intersection and stop line are defined in the Dictionary. This rule applies also to T-intersections—see the definition of intersection.
Note 2.
 For this rule, give way means the driver must remain stationary until it is safe for the driver to proceed—see the definition in the Dictionary.
Note 3.
 Part 6 deals with stopping and giving way at an intersection with traffic lights.
Note 4.
 This rule only applies to a driver turning left using a slip lane if the stop sign or stop line applies to the slip lane—see Part 20, Divisions 2 and 3, especially rules 330 and 345.
(2)  The driver must stop as near as practicable to, but before reaching:
(a)  the stop line, or
(b)  if there is no stop line—the intersection.
(3)  The driver must give way to a vehicle in, entering or approaching the intersection except:
(a)  an oncoming vehicle turning right at the intersection if a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applies to the driver of the oncoming vehicle, or
(b)  a vehicle turning left at the intersection using a slip lane, or
(c)  a vehicle making a U-turn.
Note.
 Enter, give way line, oncoming vehicle, slip lane and U-turn are defined in the Dictionary.
(4)  If the driver is turning left or right or making a U-turn, the driver must also give way to any pedestrian at or near the intersection who is crossing the road, or part of the road, the driver is entering.
Note.
 Rule 353 (1) specifies that a driver is not required to give way to a pedestrian who is crossing the road that the driver is leaving, and rule 353 (2) provides that a pedestrian who is only crossing a part of a road is considered to be crossing the road.
(5)  For this rule, an oncoming vehicle travelling through a T-intersection on the continuing road is taken not to be turning.
 
Stop sign
Examples.
 
Example 1Stop line
Example 2Stopping and giving way at a stop sign to vehicles on the left and right
In example 2, vehicle B must stop and give way to each vehicle A.
Example 3Stopping and giving way at a stop sign to an oncoming vehicle at a stop sign
Example 4Stopping and giving way at a stop sign to an oncoming vehicle that is not at a stop sign or give way sign
In examples 3 and 4, vehicle B must stop and give way to vehicle A.
68   Stopping and giving way at a stop sign or stop line at other places
(1)  A driver approaching or at a place with a stop sign or stop line must stop and give way in accordance with this rule, unless the place is:
(a)  an intersection, or
(b)  a children’s crossing, or
(c)  an area of a road that is not a children’s crossing only because it does not have:
(i)  children crossing flags, or
(ii)  children’s crossing signs and twin yellow lights, or
(d)  a level crossing, or
(e)  a place with twin red lights.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Examples.
 
1   
A stop sign at a break in a dividing strip dividing the part of the road used by the main body of moving vehicles from a service road.
2   
A stop sign on an exit from a carpark where the exit joins the road.
Note 1.
 Children’s crossing is defined in rule 80, intersection, stop line and twin red lights are defined in the Dictionary, and level crossing is defined in rule 120.
Note 2.
 For this rule, give way means the driver must remain stationary until it is safe for the driver to proceed—see the definition in the Dictionary.
Note 3.
 For the stopping and giving way rules applying to a driver at an intersection or level crossing with a stop sign or stop line, see rule 67 (intersections) and rule 121 (level crossings). Rule 80 deals with stopping at a stop line at a children’s crossing.
(2)  The driver must stop as near as practicable to, but before reaching:
(a)  the stop line, or
(b)  if there is no stop line—the stop sign.
(3)  The driver must give way to any vehicle or pedestrian at or near the stop line or stop sign.
Examples.
 
Example 1Stopping and giving way at a stop sign at a break in a dividing strip
Example 2Stopping and giving way at a stop sign where a carpark exit joins a road
In each example, vehicle B must stop and give way to vehicle A.
69   Giving way at a give way sign or give way line at an intersection (except a roundabout)
(1)  A driver at an intersection (except a roundabout) with a give way sign or give way line must give way in accordance with this rule.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note 1.
 Give way line and intersection are defined in the Dictionary, and roundabout is defined in rule 109. This rule also applies to T-intersections—see the definition of intersection.
Note 2.
 For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the Dictionary.
(2)  Unless the driver is turning left using a slip lane, the driver must give way to a vehicle in, entering or approaching the intersection except:
(a)  an oncoming vehicle turning right at the intersection if a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applies to the driver of the oncoming vehicle, or
(b)  a vehicle turning left at the intersection using a slip lane, or
(c)  a vehicle making a U-turn.
Note.
 Enter, oncoming vehicle, slip lane, stop line and U-turn are defined in the Dictionary.
(2A)  If the driver is turning left using a slip lane, the driver must give way to:
(a)  any vehicle on the road the driver is entering, or turning right at the intersection into the road the driver is entering (except a vehicle making a U-turn at the intersection), and
(b)  any other vehicle or pedestrian on the slip lane.
(3)  If the driver is turning left or right or making a U-turn, the driver must also give way to any pedestrian at or near the intersection who is crossing the road, or part of the road, the driver is entering.
Note.
 Rule 353 (1) specifies that a driver is not required to give way to a pedestrian who is crossing the road that the driver is leaving, and rule 353 (2) provides that a pedestrian who is only crossing a part of a road is considered to be crossing the road.
(4)  For this rule, an oncoming vehicle travelling through a T-intersection on the continuing road is taken not to be turning.
 
Give way sign
Examples.
 
Example 1Give way line
Example 2Giving way at a give way sign to vehicles on the left and right
In example 2, vehicle B must give way to each vehicle A.
Example 3Giving way at a give way sign to an oncoming vehicle at a give way sign
Example 4Giving way at a give way sign to an oncoming vehicle that is not at a stop sign or give way sign
In examples 3 and 4, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.
Example 5Driver turning right at a give way line does not have to give way to a vehicle turning left using a slip lane
In example 5, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.
70   Giving way at a give way sign at a bridge or length of narrow road
A driver approaching a bridge or length of narrow road with a give way sign must give way to any oncoming vehicle that is on, or approaching, the bridge or length of road when the driver reaches the sign.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note 1.
 Oncoming vehicle is defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the Dictionary.
Examples.
 
Example 1Giving way at a bridge
Example 2Giving way at a length of narrow road
In each example, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.
71   Giving way at a give way sign or give way line at other places
(1)  A driver approaching or at a place (except an intersection, bridge or length of narrow road, level crossing, or a place with twin red lights) with a give way sign or give way line must give way in accordance with this rule.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Examples.
 
1   
A give way sign at a break in a dividing strip dividing the part of the road used by the main body of moving vehicles from a service road.
2   
A give way sign on a road at a place where a bicycle path meets the road.
Note 1.
 Give way line, intersection and twin red lights are defined in the Dictionary, and level crossing is defined in rule 120.
Note 2.
 For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the Dictionary.
Note 3.
 For the give way rules applying to a driver at an intersection, bridge or length of narrow road, or level crossing, with a give way sign or give way line, see rule 69 (intersections), rule 70 (bridges and lengths of narrow road) and rule 122 (level crossings).
(2)  The driver must give way to any vehicle or pedestrian at or near the give way sign or give way line.
Examples.
 
Example 1Giving way at a give way sign at a break in a dividing strip
Example 2Giving way at a give way sign where a bicycle path meets a road
In example 1, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.
In example 2, the motor vehicle must give way to the bicycle.
Division 2 Giving way at an intersection without traffic lights or a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applying to the driver
Note.
 For a driver, a reference in a rule in this Division to a traffic sign or road marking is a reference to a traffic sign or road marking applying to the driver—see rules 338 to 341.
72   Giving way at an intersection (except a T-intersection or roundabout)
(1)  A driver at an intersection (except a T-intersection or roundabout) without traffic lights or a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line, must give way in accordance with this rule.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note 1.
 Give way line, intersection, stop line, T-intersection and traffic lights are defined in the Dictionary, and roundabout is defined in rule 109.
Note 2.
 For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the Dictionary.
(2)  If the driver is going straight ahead, the driver must give way to any vehicle approaching from the right, unless a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applies to the driver of the approaching vehicle.
Examples.
 
Example 1Driver going straight ahead giving way to a vehicle on the right that is going straight ahead
Example 2Driver going straight ahead giving way to a vehicle on the right that is turning right
In each example, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.
Note.
 Straight ahead is defined in the Dictionary.
(3)  If the driver is turning left (except if the driver is using a slip lane), the driver must give way to:
(a)  any vehicle approaching from the right, unless a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applies to the driver of the approaching vehicle, and
(b)  any pedestrian at or near the intersection who is crossing the road the driver is entering.
Examples.
 
Example 3Driver turning left giving way to a vehicle on the right that is going straight ahead
Example 4Driver turning left giving way to a pedestrian on the road the driver is entering
In example 3, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.
In example 4, the vehicle must give way to the pedestrian.
Note 1.
 Slip lane is defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 In relation to paragraph (b), rule 353 (1) specifies that a driver is not required to give way to a pedestrian who is crossing the road that the driver is leaving, and rule 353 (2) provides that a pedestrian who is only crossing a part of a road is considered to be crossing the road.
(4)  If the driver is turning left using a slip lane, the driver must give way to:
(a)  any vehicle approaching from the right or turning right at the intersection into the road the driver is entering (except a vehicle making a U-turn at the intersection), and
(b)  any pedestrian on the slip lane.
Example.
 
Example 5Driver turning left using a slip lane giving way to a vehicle that is turning right into the road the driver is entering
In this example, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.
(5)  If the driver is turning right, the driver must give way to:
(a)  any vehicle approaching from the right, unless a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applies to the driver of the approaching vehicle, and
(b)  any oncoming vehicle that is going straight ahead or turning left at the intersection, unless:
(i)  a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applies to the driver of the oncoming vehicle, or
(ii)  the oncoming vehicle is turning left using a slip lane, and
(c)  any pedestrian at or near the intersection who is crossing the road the driver is entering.
Note 1.
 Oncoming vehicle is defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 In relation to paragraph (c), rule 353 (1) specifies that a driver is not required to give way to a pedestrian who is crossing the road that the driver is leaving, and rule 353 (2) provides that a pedestrian who is only crossing a part of a road is considered to be crossing the road.
Examples.
 
Example 6Driver turning right giving way to a vehicle on the right that is turning right into the road the driver is leaving
Example 7Driver turning right giving way to an oncoming vehicle that is going straight ahead on the road the driver is leaving
In examples 6 and 7, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.
Example 8Driver turning right giving way to an oncoming vehicle that is turning left into the road the driver is entering
Example 9Driver turning right giving way to a pedestrian on the road the driver is entering
In example 8, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.
In example 9, the vehicle must give way to the pedestrian.
73   Giving way at a T-intersection
(1)  A driver at a T-intersection without traffic lights or a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line, must give way in accordance with this rule.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note 1.
 Give way line, stop line, T-intersection and traffic lights are defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the Dictionary.
Note 3.
 Rule 75 (1) (d) requires a driver at a T-intersection to give way when crossing the continuing road to enter a road related area or adjacent land.
(2)  If the driver is turning left (except if the driver is using a slip lane) or right from the terminating road into the continuing road, the driver must give way to:
(a)  any vehicle travelling on the continuing road (except a vehicle making a U-turn on the continuing road at the T-intersection), and
(b)  any pedestrian who is crossing the continuing road at or near the intersection.
Note 1.
 Continuing road, slip lane and terminating road are defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 In relation to paragraph (b), rule 353 (1) specifies that a driver is not required to give way to a pedestrian who is crossing the terminating road, and rule 353 (2) provides that a pedestrian who is only crossing a part of a road is considered to be crossing the road.
Examples.
 
Example 1Driver turning right from the terminating road giving way to a vehicle on the continuing road
Example 2Driver turning left (except if the driver is using a slip lane) from the terminating road giving way to a pedestrian on the continuing road
In example 1, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.
In example 2, the vehicle must give way to the pedestrian.
(3)  If the driver is turning left from the terminating road into the continuing road using a slip lane, the driver must give way to:
(a)  any vehicle travelling on the continuing road (except a vehicle making a U-turn on the continuing road at the T-intersection), and
(b)  any pedestrian on the slip lane.
(4)  If the driver is turning left (except if the driver is using a slip lane) from the continuing road into the terminating road, the driver must give way to any pedestrian who is crossing the terminating road at or near the intersection.
Example.
 
Example 3Driver turning left (except if the driver is using a slip lane) from the continuing road giving way to a pedestrian on the terminating road
In this example, the vehicle must give way to the pedestrian.
Note.
 Rule 353 (1) specifies that a driver is not required to give way to a pedestrian who is crossing the continuing road, and rule 353 (2) provides that a pedestrian who is only crossing a part of a road is considered to be crossing the road.
(5)  If the driver is turning from the continuing road into the terminating road using a slip lane, the driver must give way to:
(a)  any vehicle approaching from the right (except a vehicle making a U-turn from the terminating road at the T-intersection), and
(b)  any pedestrian on the slip lane.
(6)  If the driver is turning right from the continuing road into the terminating road, the driver must give way to:
(a)  any oncoming vehicle that is travelling through the intersection on the continuing road or turning left at the intersection, and
(b)  any pedestrian who is crossing the terminating road at or near the intersection.
Note 1.
 Oncoming vehicle is defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 In relation to paragraph (b), rule 353 (1) specifies that a driver is not required to give way to a pedestrian who is crossing the continuing road, and rule 353 (2) provides that a pedestrian who is only crossing a part of a road is considered to be crossing the road.
(7)  In this rule:
turning left from the continuing road into the terminating road, for a driver, includes, where the continuing road curves to the right at a T-intersection, leaving the continuing road to proceed straight ahead onto the terminating road.
turning right from the continuing road into the terminating road, for a driver, includes, where the continuing road curves to the left at a T-intersection, leaving the continuing road to proceed straight ahead onto the terminating road.
Note.
 Straight ahead is defined in the Dictionary.
Examples.
 
Example 4Driver turning right from the continuing road giving way to an oncoming vehicle travelling through the intersection on the continuing road
Example 5Driver leaving the continuing road to proceed straight ahead on the terminating road giving way to a vehicle travelling through the intersection on the continuing road
Example 5 shows a T-intersection where the continuing road (which is marked with broken white lines) goes around a corner. Vehicle B is leaving the continuing road to enter the terminating road. In examples 4 and 5, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.
Example 6Driver turning right from the continuing road giving way to an oncoming vehicle turning left from the continuing road
Example 7Driver turning right from the continuing road giving way to a pedestrian on the terminating road
In example 6, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.
In example 7, the vehicle must give way to the pedestrian.
Division 3 Entering or leaving road related areas and adjacent land
74   Giving way when entering a road from a road related area or adjacent land
(1)  A driver entering a road from a road related area, or adjacent land, without traffic lights or a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line must give way to:
(a)  any vehicle travelling on the road or turning into the road (except a vehicle turning right into the road from a road related area or adjacent land), and
(b)  any pedestrian on the road, and
(c)  any vehicle or pedestrian on any road related area that the driver crosses to enter the road, and
(d)  for a driver entering the road from a road related area:
(i)  any pedestrian on the road related area, and
(ii)  any other vehicle ahead of the driver’s vehicle or approaching from the left or right.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note 1.
 Adjacent land, give way line, stop line and traffic lights are defined in the Dictionary, and road related area is defined in rule 13.
Note 2.
 Adjacent land or a road related area can include a driveway, service station or shopping centre—see the definitions of adjacent land and road related area. Some shopping centres may include roads—see the definition of road in rule 12.
Note 3.
 Part 6 applies to the driver if there are traffic lights. Rule 68 applies to the driver if there is a stop sign or stop line, and rule 71 applies to the driver if there is a give way sign or give way line.
Note 4.
 For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the Dictionary.
(2)  In this rule:
road does not include a road related area.
Note.
 A road related area includes any shoulder of a road—see rule 13.
Example.
 
Driver entering a road from a road related area giving way to a pedestrian on the footpath and a vehicle on the road
In this example, vehicle B must give way to the pedestrian on the footpath and to vehicle A.
75   Giving way when entering a road related area or adjacent land from a road
(1)  A driver entering a road related area or adjacent land from a place on a road without traffic lights or a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line must give way to:
(a)  any pedestrian on the road, and
(b)  any vehicle or pedestrian on any road related area that the driver crosses or enters, and
(c)  if the driver is turning right from the road—any oncoming vehicle on the road that is going straight ahead or turning left, and
(d)  if the road the driver is leaving ends at a T-intersection opposite the road related area or adjacent land and the driver is crossing the continuing road—any vehicle on the continuing road.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note 1.
 Adjacent land, continuing road, give way line, oncoming vehicle, stop line, straight ahead, T-intersection and traffic lights are defined in the Dictionary, and road related area is defined in rule 13.
Note 2.
 Adjacent land or a road related area can include a driveway, service station or shopping centre—see the definitions of adjacent land and road related area. Some shopping centres may include roads—see the definition of road in rule 12.
Note 3.
 For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the Dictionary.
Note 4.
 Part 6 applies to the driver if there are traffic lights. Rule 68 applies to the driver if there is a stop sign or stop line, and rule 71 applies to the driver if there is a give way sign or give way line.
(2)  In this rule:
road does not include a road related area.
Note.
 A road related area includes any shoulder of a road—see rule 13.
Examples.
 
Example 1Driver turning right from a road into a road related area giving way to an oncoming vehicle that is going straight ahead and to a pedestrian on the footpath
Example 2Driver crossing a continuing road at a T-intersection to enter a road related area giving way to a vehicle on the continuing road
In each example, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A. In example 1, vehicle B must also give way to the pedestrian on the footpath.
Division 4 Keeping clear of and giving way to particular vehicles
76   Keeping clear of trams travelling in tram lanes etc
(1)  A driver must not move into the path of an approaching tram travelling in a tram lane, or on tram tracks marked along the left side of the tracks by a broken or continuous yellow line parallel to the tracks.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note.
 Approaching, left, tram and tram tracks are defined in the Dictionary, and tram lane is defined in rule 155.
(2)  If a driver is in the path of an approaching tram travelling in a tram lane, or on tram tracks marked along the left side of the tracks by a broken or continuous yellow line parallel to the tracks, the driver must move out of the path of the tram as soon as the driver can do so safely.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
(3)  In this rule:
tram includes a bus travelling along tram tracks.
Note.
 Bus and travelling along tram tracks are defined in the Dictionary.
77   Giving way to buses
(1)  A driver driving on a length of road in a built-up area, in the left lane or left line of traffic, or in a bicycle lane on the far left side of the road, must give way to a bus in front of the driver if:
(a)  the bus has stopped, or is moving slowly, at the far left side of the road, on a shoulder of the road, or in a bus-stop bay, and
(b)  the bus displays a give way to buses sign and the right direction indicator lights of the bus are operating, and
(c)  the bus is about to enter or proceed in the lane or line of traffic in which the driver is driving.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note 1.
 Built-up area, bus and length of road are defined in the Dictionary, left lane and left line of traffic are defined in subrule (2), and shoulder is defined in rule 12.
Note 2.
 For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the Dictionary.
Note 3.
 The driver of the bus must give the change of direction signal for long enough to give sufficient warning to other drivers and pedestrians—see rule 48 (2) and (3).
Note 4.
 Under rule 87 (1), a driver entering a marked lane, or a line of traffic, from the side of the road must give way to any vehicle travelling in the lane or line of traffic. However, the driver of a public bus does not have to give way to a vehicle if the vehicle is required to give way to the bus under this rule and it is safe for the bus to enter the lane, or line of traffic, in which the other vehicle is travelling—see rule 87 (2).
(2)  In this rule:
left lane, of a road, means:
(a)  the marked lane nearest to the far left side of the road (the first lane) or, if the first lane is a bicycle lane, the marked lane next to the first lane, or
(b)  if there is an obstruction in the first lane (for example, a parked car or roadworks) and the first lane is not a bicycle lane—the marked lane next to the first lane.
left line of traffic, for a road, means the line of traffic nearest to the far left side of the road.
Note.
 Marked lane and obstruction are defined in the Dictionary, and bicycle lane is defined in rule 153.
 
Give way to buses sign
Note 1 for diagram.
 This sign is displayed on buses.
Note 2 for diagram.
 This sign must comply with the size requirements set out in rule 316–1.
78   Keeping clear of police and emergency vehicles
(1)  A driver must not move into the path of an approaching police or emergency vehicle that is displaying a flashing blue or red light (whether or not it is also displaying other lights) or sounding an alarm.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note.
 Approaching, emergency vehicle and police vehicle are defined in the Dictionary.
(2)  If a driver is in the path of an approaching police or emergency vehicle that is displaying a flashing blue or red light (whether or not it is also displaying other lights) or sounding an alarm, the driver must move out of the path of the vehicle as soon as the driver can do so safely.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
(3)  This rule applies to the driver despite any other rule of these Rules.
78–1   NSW rule: Approaching or passing stationary emergency response vehicles
(1)  A driver approaching a stationary emergency response vehicle on a road that is displaying a flashing blue or red light must give way to any person who is on foot in the immediate vicinity of the vehicle.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note.
 Approaching is defined in the Dictionary.
(2)  A driver must not drive past, at a speed exceeding 40 kilometres per hour, a stationary emergency response vehicle on a road that is displaying a flashing blue or red light.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
(3)  A driver who drives past a stationary emergency response vehicle on a road that is displaying a flashing blue or red light must not increase speed until the driver is at a sufficient distance from the vehicle so as to avoid causing a danger to any person in the immediate vicinity of the vehicle.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
(4)  A driver does not commit an offence under this rule if the driver is driving on a road that is divided by a median strip and the emergency response vehicle is on the other side of the road beyond the median strip.
Note.
 Median strip is defined in the Dictionary.
(5)  This rule applies to a driver despite any other rule of these Rules.
(6)  In this rule:
emergency response vehicle means a vehicle being used by any of the following:
(a)  the NSW Police Force,
(b)  the Ambulance Service of NSW,
(c)  Fire and Rescue NSW (including a fire brigade within the meaning the Fire Brigades Act 1989),
(d)  the NSW Rural Fire Service,
(e)  the NSW State Emergency Service,
(f)  the Authority,
(g)  the Transport Management Centre,
(h)  the NSW Volunteer Rescue Association.
Note.
 This rule is an additional NSW rule. There is no corresponding rule in the Australian Road Rules.
79   Giving way to police and emergency vehicles
(1)  A driver must give way to a police or emergency vehicle that is displaying a flashing blue or red light (whether or not it is also displaying other lights) or sounding an alarm.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note 1.
 Emergency vehicle and police vehicle are defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 For this rule, give way means:
(a)  if the driver is stopped—remain stationary until it is safe to proceed, or
(b)  in any other case—slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision,
—see the definition in the Dictionary.
(2)  This rule applies to the driver despite any other rule of these Rules that would otherwise require the driver of a police or emergency vehicle to give way to the driver.
79–1   NSW rule: interfering or interrupting funeral cortege or authorised procession
A driver must not interfere with, or interrupt, the free passage along any length of road of:
(a)  any funeral cortege or authorised procession, or
(b)  any vehicle or person apparently forming part of the cortege or procession.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note.
 This rule is an additional NSW road rule. There is no corresponding rule in the Australian Road Rules.
79–2   NSW rule: precedence at ferries, punts, bridges or railway crossings
(1)  A driver must, on arrival at any ferry, punt, bridge or railway crossing at which the driver is required to wait:
(a)  keep the driver’s vehicle as near as practicable to that boundary of the carriageway of the road that is on the driver’s left, and at the end of the line of vehicles waiting to proceed on board the ferry or punt or over the bridge or railway crossing, and
(b)  not break out of that line to take precedence over any vehicle that from its position had a prior right to proceed on board the ferry or punt or over the bridge or railway crossing.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note.
 Carriageway and driver’s vehicle are defined in the Dictionary, and vehicle is defined in rule 15.
(2)  However, subrule (1) does not apply to a driver at a ferry or punt if:
(a)  an authorised person has given permission under this rule for the driver’s vehicle to break out of the line and take precedence over any vehicle that had a prior right to proceed on board the ferry or punt, and
(b)  the driver complies with any directions given by the authorised person as to the order or position in which the driver’s vehicle is to be placed and in which it may proceed to board the ferry or punt.
Note.
 Authorised person is defined in subrule (4).
(3)  An authorised person may give permission for a driver to break out of line and take precedence over any vehicle that had a prior right to proceed on board a ferry or punt, in accordance with the directions of the authorised person, if the authorised person considers that an emergency or all the circumstances of the case make it necessary or appropriate for the driver to be given precedence.
Note.
 Precedence might, for example, be given to the driver of an ambulance proceeding to or from an accident, or to a fire fighter or police officer proceeding to an emergency or a bus being used to provide a regular bus service.
(4)  In this rule:
authorised person means a police officer or, if no police officer is present, the person in charge of the ferry or punt concerned.
driver does not include a rider of a bicycle.
Note.
 This rule is an additional NSW road rule. There is no corresponding rule in the Australian Road Rules.
Division 5 Crossings and shared zones
80   Stopping at a children’s crossing
(1)  A driver approaching a children’s crossing must drive at a speed at which the driver can, if necessary, stop safely before the crossing.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note.
 Children’s crossing is defined in subrule (6).
(2)  A driver approaching or at a children’s crossing must stop as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the stop line at the crossing if:
(a)  a hand-held stop sign is displayed at the crossing, or
(b)  a pedestrian is on or entering the crossing.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note 1.
 Stop line is defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 Rule 322 (3) and (4) deal with the meaning of a traffic control device at a place.
(3)  If a driver stops at a children’s crossing for a hand-held stop sign, the driver must not proceed until there is no pedestrian on or entering the crossing and the holder of the sign:
(a)  no longer displays the sign towards the driver, or
(b)  otherwise indicates that the driver may proceed.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
(4)  If a driver stops at a children’s crossing for a pedestrian, the driver must not proceed until there is no pedestrian on or entering the crossing.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
(5)  For this rule, if a children’s crossing extends across a road with a dividing strip, the part of the children’s crossing on each side of the dividing strip is taken to be a separate children’s crossing.
Note.
 Dividing strip is defined in the Dictionary.
(6)  A children’s crossing is an area of a road:
(a)  at a place with stop lines marked on the road, and:
(i)  children crossing flags, or
(ii)  children’s crossing signs and twin yellow lights, and
(b)  indicated by:
(i)  2 red and white posts erected on each side of the road, or
(ii)  2 parallel continuous or broken lines on the road surface from one side of the road completely or partly across the road, and
(c)  extending across the road between the posts or lines.
Note.
 Twin yellow lights is defined in the Dictionary.
 
Children crossing flag
Hand-held stop signs
Example.
 
Driver stopped at stop line for pedestrians on a children’s crossing with children crossing flags
In this example, the driver must stop at the stop line because there are pedestrians on the children’s crossing.
Note.
 Example 2 in rule 80 of the Australian Road Rules has not been reproduced because it is not relevant to this jurisdiction.
81   Giving way at a pedestrian crossing
(1)  A driver approaching a pedestrian crossing must drive at a speed at which the driver can, if necessary, stop safely before the crossing.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note.
 Pedestrian crossing is defined in subrule (3).
(2)  A driver must give way to any pedestrian on a pedestrian crossing.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note.
 For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the Dictionary.
(3)  A pedestrian crossing is an area of a road:
(a)  at a place with white stripes on the road surface that:
(i)  run lengthwise along the road, and
(ii)  are of approximately the same length, and
(iii)  are approximately parallel to each other, and
(iv)  are in a row that extends completely, or partly, across the road, and
(b)  with or without either or both of the following:
(i)  a pedestrian crossing sign,
(ii)  alternating flashing twin yellow lights.
Note 1.
 Twin yellow lights is defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 Rule 322 (3) and (4) deal with the meaning of a traffic sign at a place.
 
Pedestrian crossing sign
Examples.
 
Example 1Giving way to a pedestrian on a pedestrian crossing
Example 2Giving way to a pedestrian on a pedestrian crossing at a slip lane
In each of these examples, the driver must give way to the pedestrian on the crossing.
82   Overtaking or passing a vehicle at a children’s crossing or pedestrian crossing
A driver approaching a children’s crossing, or pedestrian crossing, must not overtake or pass a vehicle that is travelling in the same direction as the driver and is stopping, or has stopped, to give way to a pedestrian at the crossing.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note.
 Children’s crossing is defined in rule 80, overtake is defined in the Dictionary, and pedestrian crossing is defined in rule 81.
Example.
 
Driver not passing a vehicle that has stopped to give way to a pedestrian at a pedestrian crossing
In the example, vehicle A has stopped to give way to a pedestrian on the crossing. Vehicle B must not overtake or pass vehicle A.
83   Giving way to pedestrians in a shared zone
A driver driving in a shared zone must give way to any pedestrian in the zone.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note 1.
 Shared zone is defined in rule 24.
Note 2.
 For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the Dictionary.
Division 6 Other give way rules
84   Giving way when driving through a break in a dividing strip
(1)  If a driver drives through a break in a dividing strip that has no stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line, the driver must give way to:
(a)  any tram on the dividing strip, and
(b)  any vehicle travelling on the part of the road the driver is entering (except a vehicle to which a stop sign, stop line, give way sign, or give way line, applies).
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note 1.
 Dividing strip, give way line, stop line and tram are defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 Rule 68 applies to the driver if there is a stop sign or stop line, and rule 71 applies to the driver if there is a give way sign or give way line.
Note 3.
 For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the Dictionary.
(2)  In this rule:
tram includes a bus travelling along tram tracks.
Note.
 Bus and travelling along tram tracks are defined in the Dictionary.
Examples.
 
Example 1Giving way when driving through a break in a median strip
Example 2Giving way when driving through a break in a dividing strip to leave a service road
Example 3Giving way when driving through a break in a dividing strip to enter a service road
In each of the examples, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.
Note to examples.
 A median strip is a particular kind of dividing strip—see the definition of median strip in the Dictionary.
85   Giving way on a painted island
A driver entering a turning lane from a painted island must give way to:
(a)  any vehicle in the turning lane, or
(b)  if the turning lane and painted island are nearest to the far left side of the road—any vehicle entering the turning lane from the marked lane, or line of traffic, immediately to the right of the turning lane, or
(c)  if the turning lane and painted island are nearest to the dividing line or median strip on the road or the far right side of the road—any vehicle entering the turning lane from the marked lane, or line of traffic, immediately to the left of the turning lane.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note 1.
 Line of traffic, marked lane, painted island and turning lane are defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 Rules 138 and 139 (4) allow a driver to drive on a painted island in certain circumstances.
Note 3.
 For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the Dictionary.
Examples.
 
Example 1Driver entering a turning lane from a painted island giving way to a vehicle entering the turning lane from the marked lane immediately to the right of the turning lane.
Example 2Driver entering a turning lane from a painted island giving way to a vehicle entering the turning lane from the marked lane immediately to the left of the turning lane.
In the examples, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.
86   Giving way in median turning bays
(1)  A driver entering a median turning bay must give way to any oncoming vehicle already in the turning bay.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note 1.
 Oncoming vehicle is defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 For this rule, give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the Dictionary.
(2)  In this rule:
median turning bay means a marked lane, or the part of a marked lane:
(a)  to which a median turning lane sign applies, or
(b)  where traffic lane arrows applying to the lane indicate that vehicles travelling in opposite directions must turn right.
Note.
 Marked lane and traffic lane arrows are defined in the Dictionary.
 
Median turning lane sign
Example.
 
Giving way in a median turning bay
In the example, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.
87   Giving way when moving from a side of a road or a median strip parking area
(1)  A driver entering a marked lane, or a line of traffic, from the far left or right side of a road must give way to any vehicle travelling in the lane or line of traffic.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note 1.
 Line of traffic and marked lane are defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 For subrule (1), give way means:
(a)  if the driver is stopped—remain stationary until it is safe to proceed, or
(b)  in any other case—slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision,
—see the definition in the Dictionary.
(2)  However, the driver of a public bus does not have to give way to a vehicle if:
(a)  the driver of the vehicle is required to give way to the bus under rule 77, and
(b)  it is safe for the bus to enter the lane or line of traffic in which the vehicle is driving.
Note 1.
 Public bus is defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 The bus must display a give way to buses sign and the right direction indicator lights of the bus must be operating—see rule 77.
(3)  A driver turning from a median strip parking area into a marked lane, or a line of traffic, must give way to any vehicle travelling in the lane or line of traffic.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note 1.
 Median strip parking area is defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 For subrule (3), give way means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the Dictionary.
(4)  In this rule:
road does not include a road related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.
Note.
 Road related area is defined in rule 13 and shoulder is defined in rule 12.