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Contents (2014 - 758)
Road Rules 2014
Current version for 10 November 2017 to date (accessed 24 June 2018 at 17:23)
Part 3
Part 3 Speed limits
20   Obeying the speed limit
A driver must not drive at a speed over the speed limit applying to the driver for the length of road where the driver is driving.
Penalty and disqualification: a driver who contravenes this rule is guilty of an offence and is liable to a maximum penalty and a period of disqualification (if any) determined in accordance with rule 10–2.
Note 1.
 The rules about speed limits are as follows:
•  rule 21—speed limit where a speed limit sign applies
•  rule 21–1—NSW rule: school bus stop zone sign is speed limit sign
•  rule 22—speed limit in a speed limited area
•  rule 23—speed limit in a school zone
•  rule 24—speed limit in a shared zone
•  rule 24–1—NSW rule: speed limits for learner and provisional licence holders
•  rule 24–2—NSW rule: speed limit on Lord Howe Island
•  rule 24–3—NSW rule: speed limit when bus displaying when lights flash speed limit sign
•  rule 24–4—NSW rule: speed limits for small motor bikes during periods of darkness
•  rule 25—speed limit elsewhere.
Note 2.
 Road includes a road related area—see rule 11 (2).
Note 3.
 Length of road includes a marked lane, a part of a marked lane, or another part of a length of road—see the definition in the Dictionary.
Note 4.
 Part 20, Division 2 deals with the way in which a traffic sign applies to a length of road. Part 20, Division 3 deals with the way in which the traffic sign applies to drivers driving on the length of road.
Note 5.
 Division 3 of Part 5.3 of the Act provides that a person bringing proceedings or issuing a penalty notice in which it is alleged that the driver of a heavy vehicle committed a speeding offence may rely on the average speed at which the vehicle travelled between different points on a road as evidence of the offence.
If there is more than one speed limit applicable to the driver between the different points, Division 3 of Part 5.3 of the Act provides that for the purposes of such proceedings the speed limit that applied to the driver between those points is taken to be the average speed limit calculated in accordance with that Division.
21   Speed limit where a speed limit sign applies
(1)  The speed limit applying to a driver for a length of road to which a speed limit sign applies is the number of kilometres per hour indicated by the number on the sign.
Note.
 Length of road is defined in the Dictionary.
(2)  However, if the number on the speed limit sign is over 100 and the driver is driving a vehicle with a GVM over 4.5 tonnes or a vehicle and trailer combination with a GCM over 4.5 tonnes, the speed limit applying to the driver for the length of road is 100 kilometres per hour.
Note 1.
 Combination and trailer are defined in the Dictionary, vehicle is defined in rule 15, and GCM and GVM are defined in the Act.
Note 2.
 This subrule is not uniform with the corresponding subrule in rule 21 of the Australian Road Rules. Different rules may apply in other Australian jurisdictions.
(3)  A speed limit sign on a road applies to the length of road beginning at the sign and ending at the nearest of the following:
(a)  a speed limit sign on the road with a different number on the sign,
(b)  an end speed limit sign or speed derestriction sign on the road,
(c)  if the road ends at a T-intersection or dead end—the end of the road.
Note 1.
 T-intersection is defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 Rule 322 (1) and (2) deal with the meaning of a traffic sign on a road.
 
Speed limit signs
Speed limit sign(Standard sign)
Speed limit sign(Variable illuminated message sign)
Other signs
End speed limit sign
Speed derestriction sign
Note 1 for diagrams.
 There are a number of other permitted versions of the speed limit sign and the end speed limit sign—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.
Note 2 for diagrams.
 A speed limit sign or end speed limit sign may have a different number on the sign—see rule 316 (4).
21–1   NSW rule: school bus stop zone sign is speed limit sign
(1)  For the purposes of rule 21:
(a)  a school bus stop zone sign is a speed limit sign, and
(b)  an end school bus stop zone sign is an end speed limit sign in respect of a school bus stop zone sign.
(2)  For the purposes of the application of this Part with respect to a length of road to which a school bus stop zone sign applies, the speed limit indicated by the sign applies to a driver only while the warning system of a bus is activated along that length of road.
Note.
 Length of road is defined in the Dictionary.
(3)  In this rule:
warning system of a bus means the warning system referred to in clause 25 of the Road Transport (General) Regulation 2013.
 
School bus stop zone sign
End school bus stop zone sign
Note for diagrams.
 A school bus stop zone sign may have a different number on the sign—see rule 316 (4).
Note.
 This rule is an additional NSW road rule. There is no corresponding rule in the Australian Road Rules. Different speed limit signs may apply to drivers in other Australian jurisdictions.
22   Speed limit in a speed limited area
(1)  The speed limit applying to a driver for any length of road in a speed limited area is the number of kilometres per hour indicated by the number on the area speed limit sign on a road into the area, unless another speed limit applies to the driver for the length of road under another rule of this Part.
Example of another speed limit.
 Although an area speed limit sign on a road into a speed limited area may indicate a speed limit of 60 kilometres per hour, a particular length of road in the area may have a school zone sign indicating a 40 kilometres per hour speed limit for that length of road.
Note.
 Length of road is defined in the Dictionary.
(2)  A speed limited area is the network of roads in an area with:
(a)  an area speed limit sign on each road into the area, indicating the same number, and
(b)  an end area speed limit sign on each road out of the area.
(3)  In subrule (2) (a) and (b):
road does not include a road related area.
Note.
 Road related area is defined in rule 13.
 
Area speed limit sign
End area speed limit sign
Note 1 for diagrams.
 There are a number of other permitted versions of each of these signs—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.
Note 2 for diagrams.
 An area speed limit sign or end area speed limit sign may have a different number on the sign—see rule 316 (4).
23   Speed limit in a school zone
(1)  The speed limit applying to a driver for any length of road in a school zone is the number of kilometres per hour indicated by the number on the school zone sign on a road, or the road, into the zone.
Note 1.
 Length of road is defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 A school zone sign may indicate that it applies only at certain times, on certain days or in certain circumstances—see rules 317 and 318.
Note 3.
 This subrule applies to road related areas in the school zone—see rule 11 (2).
(2)  A school zone is:
(a)  if there is a school zone sign and an end school zone sign, or a speed limit sign with a different number on the sign, on a road and there is no intersection on the length of road between the signs—that length of road, or
(b)  if there is a school zone sign on a road that ends in a dead end and there is no intersection, nor a sign mentioned in paragraph (a), on the length of road beginning at the sign and ending at the dead end—that length of road, or
(c)  in any other case—the network of roads in an area with:
(i)  a school zone sign on each road into the area, indicating the same number, and
(ii)  an end school zone sign, or a speed limit sign indicating a different number, on each road out of the area.
Note.
 Intersection is defined in the Dictionary.
(3)  In subrule (2) (c) (i) and (ii):
road does not include a road related area.
Note.
 Road related area is defined in rule 13.
 
School zone sign
End school zone sign
Note 1 for diagrams.
 There are other permitted versions of the school zone sign—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.
Note 2 for diagrams.
 A school zone sign or end school zone sign may have a different number on the sign—see rule 316 (4).
Note 3 for diagrams.
 School days are any days other than a Saturday or Sunday, a day that is a public holiday or a day publicly notified as a school holiday for government schools—see rule 318 (3–1).
24   Speed limit in a shared zone
(1)  The speed limit applying to a driver for any length of road in a shared zone is the number of kilometres per hour indicated by the number on the shared zone sign on a road, or the road, into the zone.
Note.
 A driver driving in a shared zone must give way to any pedestrian in the zone—see rule 83.
(2)  A shared zone is:
(a)  if there is a shared zone sign and an end shared zone sign on a road and there is no intersection on the length of road between the signs—that length of road, or
(b)  if there is a shared zone sign on a road that ends in a dead end and there is no intersection on the length of road beginning at the sign and ending at the dead end—that length of road, or
(c)  a network of roads in an area with:
(i)  a shared zone sign on each road into the area, indicating the same number, and
(ii)  an end shared zone sign on each road out of the area, or
(d)  a road related area that is between a shared zone sign that relates to the area and an end shared zone sign that relates to the area.
Note.
 Intersection is defined in the Dictionary.
(3)  In subrule (2) (c) (i) and (ii):
road does not include a road related area.
Note.
 Road related area is defined in rule 13.
 
Shared zone sign
End shared zone sign
24–1   NSW rule: speed limits for learner and provisional licence holders
(1) Speed limit applying to learner drivers The speed limit applying for any length of road to a driver who is the holder of a learner licence issued in New South Wales is 90 kilometres per hour, unless another lesser speed limit applies to the driver for the length of road under another rule of this Part.
Note.
 Length of road is defined in the Dictionary, and learner licence is defined in the Act.
(2) Speed limit applying to P1 provisional drivers The speed limit applying for any length of road to a driver who is the holder of a provisional P1 licence is 90 kilometres per hour, unless another lesser speed limit applies to the driver for the length of road under another rule of this Part.
Note.
 Provisional P1 licence is defined in the Dictionary.
(3) Speed limit applying to P2 provisional drivers The speed limit applying for any length of road to a driver who is the holder of a provisional P2 licence is 100 kilometres per hour, unless another lesser speed limit applies to the driver for the length of road under another rule of this Part.
Note.
 Provisional P2 licence is defined in the Dictionary.
(4) Rule applies despite greater speed limits This rule has effect despite any other rule in this Part that specifies a speed limit applying to a driver for a length of road that is greater than the speed limit applying to the driver under this rule.
Note.
 This rule is an additional NSW road rule. There is no corresponding rule in the Australian Road Rules.
24–2   NSW rule: speed limit on Lord Howe Island
(1)  The speed limit applying to a driver for any length of road on Lord Howe Island is 25 kilometres per hour.
Note.
 Length of road is defined in the Dictionary.
(2)  This rule has effect despite any other rule in this Part specifying the speed limit applying to a driver for a length of road.
Note.
 This rule is an additional NSW road rule. There is no corresponding rule in the Australian Road Rules.
24–3   NSW rule: speed limit when bus displaying when lights flash speed limit sign
(1)  This rule applies to a driver if:
(a)  the vehicle being driven by the driver is approaching from the rear of a bus (whether stationary or in motion) that displays a when lights flash speed limit sign, and
(b)  the bus is fitted with a warning system, and
(c)  the warning system is activated.
Note.
 Bus is defined in the Dictionary.
(2)  The speed limit applying to a driver to whom this rule applies for any length of road while overtaking or passing the bus is 40 kilometres per hour, unless another lesser speed limit applies to the driver for the length of road under another rule of this Part.
Note.
 Length of road and overtake are defined in the Dictionary.
(3)  This rule does not apply to a driver in relation to a length of road to which a sign referred to in rule 21–1 applies.
(4)  This rule has effect despite any other rule in this Part that specifies a speed limit applying to a driver for a length of road that is greater than the speed limit applying to the driver under this rule.
(5)  In this rule:
warning system of a bus means the warning system referred to in clause 25 of the Road Transport (General) Regulation 2013.
Note.
 This rule is an additional NSW road rule. There is no corresponding rule in the Australian Road Rules.
 
When lights flash speed limit sign
Note for diagram.
 This sign is displayed on buses.
24–4   NSW rule: speed limits for small motor bikes during periods of darkness
(1)  The speed limit applying to the rider of a motor bike on any length of road during a period of darkness is:
(a)  if the engine capacity of the bike does not exceed 100 millilitres—40 kilometres per hour, or
(b)  if the engine capacity of the bike exceeds 100 millilitres but does not exceed 200 millilitres—50 kilometres per hour,
unless another lesser speed limit applies to the rider for the length of road under another rule of this Part.
Note.
 Length of road and motor bike are defined in the Dictionary.
(2)  This rule does not apply to any motor bike that is fitted with a headlight having an effective range of at least 50 metres.
(3)  This rule has effect despite any other rule in this Part that specifies a speed limit applying to a driver for a length of road that is greater than the speed limit applying to the driver under this rule.
(4)  In this rule:
headlight has the same meaning as in Division 1 of Part 13.
period of darkness has the same meaning as in Division 1 of Part 13.
Note.
 This rule is an additional NSW road rule. There is no corresponding rule in the Australian Road Rules.
25   Speed limit elsewhere
(1)  If a speed limit sign does not apply to a length of road and the length of road is not in a speed limited area, school zone or shared zone, the speed limit applying to a driver for the length of road is the default speed limit.
Note.
 Length of road is defined in the Dictionary, school zone is defined in rule 23, shared zone is defined in rule 24, and speed limited area is defined in rule 22.
(2)  The default speed limit applying to a driver for a length of road in a built-up area is 50 kilometres per hour.
Note.
 Built-up area is defined in the Dictionary.
(3)  The default speed limit applying to a driver for any other length of road is:
(a)  for a driver driving a vehicle with a GVM over 4.5 tonnes or a vehicle and trailer combination with a GCM over 4.5 tonnes—100 kilometres per hour, or
(b)  for any other driver—100 kilometres per hour or as otherwise provided under another law of this jurisdiction.
Note 1.
 Combination and trailer are defined in the Dictionary, vehicle is defined in rule 15, and GCM and GVM are defined in the Act.
Note 2.
 Subrule (3) (a) is not uniform with the corresponding paragraph in rule 25 of the Australian Road Rules. Different rules may apply in other Australian jurisdictions.
25–1   NSW rule: drivers to which Part does not apply
(1)  The provisions of this Part (other than this rule) do not apply to a driver who is taking part in a race, an attempt to break a vehicle speed record, a trial of speed or any competitive trial as referred to in section 115 (1) of the Act in accordance with an approval given, and any conditions imposed by the Commissioner of Police, under section 115 (2) of the Act.
(2)  Nothing in this Part is to be construed so as to justify the driving of any vehicle on a length of road at a speed that:
(a)  having regard to all the circumstances of the case, is dangerous to the public, or
(b)  exceeds any maximum speed applicable to the vehicle that is fixed by or under any Act or statutory rule or that is stated in any notice applicable to the vehicle and displayed in accordance with any law on the road or in a position where it is visible from the road.
(3)  In subrule (2) (a), the circumstances of the case include the following:
(a)  the nature, condition and use of the road,
(b)  the amount of traffic that actually is at the relevant time, or that might reasonably be expected to be, on that road,
(c)  the proximity of any intersection or grades or curves in the road.
Note.
 This rule is an additional NSW road rule. There is no corresponding rule in the Australian Road Rules.