Local Government Act 1993 No 30
Division 1 Giving of orders
A council may order a person to do or to refrain from doing a thing specified in Column 1 of the following Table if the circumstances specified opposite it in Column 2 of the Table exist and the person comes within the description opposite it in Column 3 of the Table.Note.This section does not affect the power of a council to give an order (or a notice or direction) under the authority of another Act.For example, some of those Acts and the orders (or notices or directions) that may be given include—
(by delegation) improvement notice or prohibition order environment protection notices direction concerning maintenance or use of certain regulated systems order preventing the passage of traffic along a road or tollway order for the removal of an obstruction or encroachment on a road order requiring owner of swimming pool to bring it into compliance with the ActA person who fails to comply with an order is guilty of an offence—see sec 628.TableOrdersOrders requiring or prohibiting the doing of things to or on premises
Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 To do what? In what circumstances? To whom? 1 To demolish or remove a building (a)–(c) (Repealed)(d) Building is erected in a catchment district and causes or is likely to cause pollution of the water supply Owner of building 2 (Repealed) 3 To repair or make structural alterations to a building (a), (b) (Repealed)(c) Building is erected in a catchment district and causes or is likely to cause pollution of the water supply Owner of building 4 (Repealed) 5 To take such action as is necessary to bring into compliance with relevant standards or requirements set or made by or under this Act or under the Local Government Act 1919—(a) a camping ground, caravan park or manufactured home estate(b) a moveable dwelling or manufactured home(c) (Repealed)(d) a place of shared accommodation(e) a hairdressers shop or beauty salon(f) a mortuary(g) a water meter on premises(h) a water supply or sewerage system on premises, but only in relation to any work that is not plumbing and drainage work within the meaning of the Plumbing and Drainage Act 2011 Failure to comply with relevant standards or requirements set or made by or under this Act or under the Local Government Act 1919 Owner, occupier or manager or, in the case of a water meter, water supply or sewerage system in respect of which a defect occurs in work due to faulty workmanship of, or defective material supplied by, a licensed contractor (being the holder of a licence in force under the Home Building Act 1989 authorising the holder to contract to do the work) within 12 months after the work is carried out or the material is supplied, the licensed contractor 6 (Repealed) 7 To fence land Public health, safety or convenience renders it necessary or expedient to do so and there is no adequate fence between the land and a public place Owner or occupier of land 8 To identify premises with such numbers or other identification in such manner as is specified in the order Premises have a frontage to or entrance from a road and there are no markings that can readily be seen and understood from the road Owner or occupier of land 9 To fence, empty, fill in or cover up a hole or waterhole in the manner specified in the order Hole or waterhole is or may become dangerous to life Owner or occupier of land 10 To remove or stack articles or matter, to cover articles or matter, to erect fences or screens or to plant trees Land is in the immediate vicinity of a public place and is used for the storage of articles or matter so as to create or be likely to create unsightly conditions Owner or occupier of land 11 To do or to refrain from doing such things as are specified in the order to prevent environmental damage, to repair environmental damage or to prevent further environmental damage Work carried out on land has caused or is likely to cause environmental damage, being damage to the physical environment that is caused by—(a) drainage, or(b) drainage works, ornot being environmental damage arising from premises, works or equipment the subject of a licence issued under the Protection of the Environment Operations Act 1997 or the subject of a notice or direction issued by a regulatory authority under that Act(c) obstructing a natural watercourse other than by a work constructed or used under a water management work approval granted under the Water Management Act 2000, Owner or occupier of land 12 To do such things as are necessary to control the flow of surface water across land Other land, or a building on the land or other land, is being damaged or is likely to be damaged Owner or occupier of land 13, 14 (Repealed) Orders requiring that premises be used or not used in specified ways
Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 To do what? In what circumstances? To whom? 15 Not to conduct, or to cease conducting, an activity on premises (whether or not the activity is approved under this Act) The activity constitutes or is likely to constitute—(a) a life threatening hazard, orand is not regulated or controlled under any other Act by a public authority(b) a threat to public health or public safety Any person apparently engaged in promoting, conducting or carrying out the activity 15A (Repealed) 16 To cease the use of premises or to evacuate premises A person to whom order No 15 is given has failed to comply with the order The person to whom order No 15 is given 17 To leave premises or not to enter premises A person to whom order No 15 is given has failed to comply with the order Any person 18 Not to keep birds or animals on premises, other than of such kinds, in such numbers or in such manner as specified in the order Birds or animals kept on premises are—(a) in the case of any premises (whether or not in a catchment district)—of an inappropriate kind or number or are kept inappropriately, or(b) in the case of premises in a catchment district—birds or animals (being birds or animals that are suffering from a disease which is communicable to man or to other birds or animals) or pigs Occupier of premises 19 To use or not to use a tennis court as specified Actual or likely annoyance or threat to the safety of neighbours or users of a public place Occupier of landOrders requiring the preservation of healthy conditions
Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 To do what? In what circumstances? To whom? 20 To do such things as are specified in the order to put premises, vehicles or articles used for the manufacture, preparation, storage, sale, transportation or other handling or use of or in relation to food into a clean or sanitary condition The premises, vehicle or article is not in a clean or sanitary condition Owner or occupier of premises or owner or operator of vehicle or article 21 To do or refrain from doing such things as are specified in the order to ensure that land is, or premises are, placed or kept in a safe or healthy condition The land or premises are not in a safe or healthy condition Owner or occupier of land or premises 22 To store, treat, process, collect, remove, dispose of or destroy waste which is on land or premises in the manner specified in the order, provided that it is not inconsistent with regulations made under the Protection of the Environment Operations Act 1997 Waste is present or generated on the land or premises and is not being dealt with satisfactorily, and is not regulated or controlled by, or subject to, a licence or notice granted or issued under the Protection of the Environment Operations Act 1997 Owner or occupier of land or premises, owner of or person responsible for the waste or for any receptacle or container in which the waste is contained 22A To remove or dispose of waste that is on any residential premises or to refrain from keeping waste on those premises The waste is causing or is likely to cause a threat to public health or the health of any individual Owner or occupier of the premises 23 To connect premises to the council’s water supply by a specified date The premises are situated within 225 metres of a water pipe of the council Owner or occupier of land 24 To connect premises with a sewerage system by a specified date The premises are situated within 75 metres of a sewer of the council Owner or occupier of premises 25 Not to use or permit the use of a human waste storage facility on premises after a specified date It is necessary for the purpose of protecting public health Owner or occupier of premisesOrders requiring the protection or repair of public places
Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 To do what? In what circumstances? To whom? 26 (Repealed) 27 To remove an object or matter from a public place or prevent any object or matter being deposited there The object or matter—(a) is causing or is likely to cause an obstruction or encroachment of or on the public place and the obstruction or encroachment is not authorised by or under any Act, or(b) is causing or is likely to cause danger, annoyance or inconvenience to the public Person causing obstruction or encroachment or owner or occupier of land from which the object or matter emanates or is likely to emanate 28 To take whatever steps are necessary to prevent damage to a public place and to repair damage to a public place There is actual or likely damage— (a) by excavation or removal of material from or adjacent to the public place, or Person responsible for the excavation or the removal of the material (b) by a work or structure, or Owner or person entitled to the benefit of the work or structure (c) by surface drainage or irrigation Owner or occupier of land from which surface drainage flows or from which spray emanates 29 To alter or repair a work or structure on, over or under a public place It is in the public interest to do so Owner of the work or structureOrders requiring compliance with approval
Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 To do what? In what circumstances? To whom? 30 To comply with an approval The approval is not being complied with Person entitled to act on the approval or person acting otherwise than in compliance with the approvalNote.See also Part 4 of the Building Products (Safety) Act 2017.
125 Abatement of public nuisances
A council may abate a public nuisance or order a person responsible for a public nuisance to abate it.Note.Abatement means the summary removal or remedying of a nuisance (the physical removal or suppression of a nuisance) by an injured party without having recourse to legal proceedings.Nuisance consists of interference with the enjoyment of public or private rights in a variety of ways. A nuisance is “public” if it materially affects the reasonable comfort and convenience of a sufficient class of people to constitute the public or a section of the public. For example, any wrongful or negligent act or omission in a public road that interferes with the full, safe and convenient use by the public of their right of passage is a public nuisance.
126 Giving orders to public authorities
(1) An order under this Division may not be given in respect of the following land without the prior written consent of the Minister—• vacant Crown land• Crown managed land• a common.(2) The Minister must not give consent in respect of vacant Crown land or Crown managed land until after the Minister has consulted the Minister administering the Crown Land Management Act 2016.
127 Making of regulations for the purposes of this Division
The regulations may prescribe acts or circumstances that are taken to be included in or excluded from any of the acts or circumstances specified in Column 1 or 2 of the Table to section 124.
128 Catchment districts
(1) The Governor may proclaim a district to be a catchment district for the purposes of this Act.(2) An owner of a building who complies with order No 1 in the Table to section 124 in the circumstances specified in paragraph (d) for that order, or order No 3 in that Table in the circumstances specified in paragraph (c) for that order, under section 124 is entitled to compensation from the council for the expenses incurred by the owner in complying with the order.
128A Orders about removal or keeping of waste
(1) An order in terms of order No 22A in the Table to section 124 ceases to have effect, unless earlier revoked under section 153, at the end of the period of 5 years after it is given.(2) The protection of public health is the paramount consideration in giving any such order.