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Contents (2017 - 424)
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Point to Point Transport (Taxis and Hire Vehicles) Regulation 2017
Current version for 13 December 2019 to date (accessed 2 April 2020 at 05:49)
Status information

Status information

Currency of version
Current version for 13 December 2019 to date (accessed 2 April 2020 at 05:49)
Legislation on this site is usually updated within 3 working days after a change to the legislation.

Provisions in force
The provisions displayed in this version of the legislation have all commenced. See Historical Notes

Editorial note
The Parliamentary Counsel’s Office is progressively updating certain formatting styles in versions of NSW in force legislation published from 29 July 2019. For example, colons are being replaced by em-rules (em-dashes). Text of the legislation is not affected.
This version has been updated.

Staged repeal status
This legislation is currently due to be automatically repealed under the Subordinate Legislation Act 1989 on 1 September 2022

Authorisation
This version of the legislation is compiled and maintained in a database of legislation by the Parliamentary Counsel's Office and published on the NSW legislation website, and is certified as the form of that legislation that is correct under section 45C of the Interpretation Act 1987.

File last modified 13 December 2019.

Part 1 Preliminary
1   Name of Regulation
This Regulation is the Point to Point Transport (Taxis and Hire Vehicles) Regulation 2017.
2   Commencement
(1)  This Regulation commences on the commencement of the provisions referred to in section 2(1) of the Act (other than Schedule 4 to the Act) and is required to be published on the NSW legislation website, except as provided by subclause (2).
(2)  Schedule 3 to this Regulation commences on the commencement of Schedule 4 to the Act.
3   Definitions
(1)  In this Regulation—
affiliated service means a taxi service provided by an affiliated provider.
approved security camera system means a security camera system that complies with requirements established for the time being by TfNSW by order published in the Gazette.
approved vehicle tracking device means a vehicle tracking device that complies with requirements established for the time being by TfNSW by order published in the Gazette.
authorisation means authorisation to provide a taxi service or a booking service.
authorised fare for the hiring of a taxi means—
(a)  the amount chargeable for the hiring in accordance with a fares order, or
(b)  if the fare determined by the provider of the taxi service in accordance with clause 53 is less than the fare under the applicable fares order, the amount chargeable for the hiring in accordance with fares determined by the provider of the taxi service in accordance with that clause.
drive a vehicle includes cause or allow the vehicle to stand.
driver licence has the same meaning as in the Road Transport Act 2013.
duress alarm system, in relation to a taxi, means a system by which the driver of the taxi can, in a discreet manner, notify the location of the taxi to another person or place.
facilitator of an affiliated service means the provider of a taxi service from whom the affiliated provider obtains services to facilitate the provision of the affiliated service.
fares order means an order made by TfNSW under section 76 of the Act.
Metropolitan transport district means the Metropolitan transport district established under section 108 of the Transport Administration Act 1988.
Newcastle transport district means the Newcastle transport district established under section 108 of the Transport Administration Act 1988.
nominated manager includes a manager nominated by an entity under clause 34.
notifiable occurrence has the same meaning as it has in section 24 of the Act.
passenger service transaction means—
(a)  in the case of the provider of a booking service, taking a booking for a taxi or hire vehicle to provide a passenger service to a person (whether the passenger service is to be provided by the provider who takes the booking or another person), or
(b)  in the case of the provider of a taxi service, the provision of a taxi service to a passenger (other than as a result of the taking of a booking by the provider of the taxi service).
peak availability licence means a taxi licence of category TX05, TX06, TX06A or TX 12 Annual that was in force immediately before the commencement of Part 4 of the Act and was continued in force by the Act.
related booked service, in relation to a booking service, means the transport of a passenger by the provider of a passenger service as a result of a booking taken by the booking service.
security camera system means a system that records images of persons in or about a taxi.
stand-by taxi means a motor vehicle that is, in accordance with section 49 of the Act and this Regulation, being used in place of a taxi that is out of operation for repair or service.
Sydney Airport precinct means the area known as the Sydney (Kingsford-Smith) Airport, bounded by Airport Drive, Qantas Drive, Joyce Drive, General Holmes Drive, Marsh Street and the M5 Motorway.
taxi zone has the same meaning as in the Road Rules 2014 and includes a taxi zone appointed under clause 93.
vehicle tracking device means a device by which the location of a taxi can be followed by using the vehicle tracking system operated by the provider of the taxi service or by another taxi service provider on behalf of the provider.
wheelchair accessible hire vehicle means a hire vehicle that has wheelchair access.
wheelchair accessible taxi means a taxi that has wheelchair access.
Wollongong transport district means the Wollongong transport district established under section 108 of the Transport Administration Act 1988.
Note.
 The Act and the Interpretation Act 1987 contain definitions and other provisions that affect the interpretation and application of this Regulation.
(2)  For the purposes of this Regulation, a vehicle is being used to provide a passenger service if—
(a)  the vehicle is being used to transport a passenger for the purposes of providing a passenger service or is travelling to pick up a passenger for that purpose, or
(b)  the person driving the vehicle or a provider of a passenger service has indicated to the provider of a booking service, by logging into a dispatch or booking system or by other means, that the vehicle is available for hire, or
(c)  the person driving the vehicle or a provider of a booking service is taking bookings on the basis that the vehicle is available for hire, or
(d)  the vehicle is a taxi plying or standing for hire on a road or road related area.
(3)  Notes included in this Regulation do not form part of this Regulation.
4   Certain service facilitators and other persons to be booking service providers
(1)  For the purposes of section 7(4) of the Act, an individual or body corporate is taken to be the provider of a booking service if they carry on the business of providing any of the following services—
(a)  technology services that facilitate or enable bookings for passenger services,
(b)  marketing services in connection with facilitating or enabling bookings for passenger services,
(c)  recruitment, assessment, monitoring, disciplinary or other management services relating to drivers used or proposed to be used for related booked services,
(d)  complaint management services relating to related booked services and fares for related booked services.
(2)  Subclause (1) does not apply to an individual or body corporate if an authorisation is held by another individual or body corporate constituted or recognised under a law of Australia to provide the booking service in connection with which the services are provided.
(3)  An individual that is the nominated manager of an entity prescribed for the purposes of section 30(1)(d) of the Act (a prescribed entity) is taken to be the provider of a booking service.
(4)  An individual or body corporate that is the provider of a booking service because of this clause is exempt from Part 3 of the Act in respect of the booking service if—
(a)  an authorisation to provide the booking service in connection with which a service specified in subclause (1) is provided or for which the person is a nominated manager is held by a prescribed entity, and
(b)  the authorisation is not suspended.
(5)  An individual or body corporate that is the provider of a booking service because of this clause is exempt from any other provision of the Act or this Regulation that applies to or in respect of a provider of a booking service (other than Part 1, Division 2 of Part 7 and Parts 8, 10 and 11 of the Act and this clause and clause 92) if the applicable requirements of that provision are complied with in relation to the booking service by a prescribed entity.
Part 2 Safety of services
Division 1 Safety standards
5   Specified safety standards
(1)  Divisions 2–6 of this Part are specified as safety standards for the purposes of Division 3 of Part 2 of the Act.
(2)  A safety standard is specified for a provider of a passenger service, affiliated provider, facilitator of an affiliated service, provider of a booking service, owner or driver of a vehicle or the holder of a taxi licence by a provision of Divisions 2–6 of this Part if—
(a)  the provision expressly imposes an obligation on a provider, facilitator, owner, driver or holder, or
(b)  the provision specifies that it is a safety standard for a provider, facilitator, owner, driver or holder.
(3)  A statement in a clause that specifies a safety standard for any such provider, facilitator, owner, driver or holder, or that any such provider, facilitator, owner, driver or holder is a responsible person for a safety standard, is taken to apply to all of the provisions of the clause for that purpose, unless the clause otherwise provides.
6   Safety standards—offences
(1)  A provider of a passenger service, affiliated provider, facilitator of an affiliated service, provider of a booking service, owner or driver of a vehicle or the holder of a taxi licence must not contravene a safety standard specified for the provider, facilitator, owner, driver or holder by this Part.
Maximum penalty—
(a)  in the case of a body corporate—250 penalty units, or
(b)  in any other case—50 penalty units.
(2)  A provider of a passenger service, affiliated provider, facilitator of an affiliated service, provider of a booking service, owner or driver of a vehicle or the holder of a taxi licence who is specified by this Part as a responsible person for a safety standard must ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, that the safety standard is complied with.
Maximum penalty—
(a)  in the case of a body corporate—250 penalty units, or
(b)  in any other case—50 penalty units.
Division 2 Safety management system
7   Identification and management of risks to health and safety
(1)  A provider of a passenger service must identify and keep a record of the following—
(a)  the reasonably foreseeable hazards that could give rise to risks to health and safety to drivers, passengers and other persons in connection with the provision of the service,
(b)  the control measures taken to eliminate or minimise those risks,
(c)  the measures taken to maintain control measures.
(2)  A provider of a booking service must identify and keep a record of the following—
(a)  the reasonably foreseeable hazards that could give rise to risks to health and safety to drivers, passengers and other persons in connection with the provision of a related booked service,
(b)  the control measures taken to eliminate or minimise those risks,
(c)  the measures taken to maintain control measures.
(3)  A provider of a passenger service or booking service must regularly consult with other persons who have a safety duty that relates to the service and keep a record of the consultations.
(4)  A record kept under this clause must also include the following—
(a)  particulars of measures taken by the provider to comply with safety standards specified for the provider or for which the provider is a responsible person under this Part,
(b)  particulars of any notifiable occurrences that are required to be reported by the provider to the Commissioner.
(5)  A record under this clause is to be kept in the form approved by the Commissioner.
Division 3 Vehicle standards
8   Vehicle registration and registration standards for vehicles
(1)  A vehicle used to provide a passenger service must at all times meet the requirements of Part 5 of, and Schedule 2 to, the Road Transport (Vehicle Registration) Regulation 2007 for the registration of the vehicle.
(2)  If any such vehicle is registered in another jurisdiction, it must meet the equivalent requirements for registration in that jurisdiction.
(3)  This safety standard is specified for the owner of the vehicle.
(4)  The following are responsible persons for this safety standard—
(a)  the provider of a taxi service (other than an affiliated service), if the vehicle is used to provide the taxi service,
(b)  the facilitator of an affiliated service and the affiliated provider, if the vehicle is used to provide the affiliated service,
(c)  the provider of a booking service, if the vehicle is a hire vehicle or taxi used to provide a related booked service,
(d)  the holder of the taxi licence for the taxi, if the vehicle is a taxi.
9   Vehicle maintenance
(1)  The following standards apply to the maintenance of a vehicle used to provide a passenger service—
(a)  the vehicle must be regularly and properly maintained so that it meets the requirements referred to in clause 8,
(b)  maintenance of the vehicle, including any maintenance schedule, is to be consistent with the recommendations of the manufacturer of the vehicle,
(c)  records must be kept, in a form approved by the Commissioner, of the maintenance and inspections carried out on the vehicle.
(2)  Maintenance on, or repairs to, a vehicle used to provide a passenger service must not be carried out unless the person carrying out the maintenance or repairs is the holder of a licence under the Motor Dealers and Repairers Act 2013, or an equivalent authorisation under the law of another State or Territory, to carry out the maintenance or repairs.
(3)  Subclause (2) applies even if the person who is to carry out the work concerned is exempted under the Motor Dealers and Repairers Act 2013 from the operation of all or any of the provisions of that Act but does not apply to work that is not repair work for the purposes of that Act.
(4)  For the purposes of this clause, maintenance and repairs do not include the following—
(a)  adding approved oils or other fluids to engines, transmissions, differentials, power steering reservoirs, windscreen washer reservoirs, master cylinders, radiators or batteries,
(b)  changing engine, transmission or differential oils,
(c)  changing engine oil filters or fuel filters,
(d)  carrying out general lubrication,
(e)  changing spark plugs,
(f)  changing wheels or tyres,
(g)  changing light bulbs,
(h)  replacing or repairing seats or floor coverings,
(i)  repairs to the interior of the vehicle that do not affect the safe operation of the vehicle,
(j)  replacing external rear vision mirrors.
(5)  This safety standard is specified for the owner of the vehicle.
(6)  The following are responsible persons for this safety standard—
(a)  the provider of a taxi service (other than an affiliated service), if the vehicle is used to provide the taxi service,
(b)  the facilitator of an affiliated service and the affiliated provider, if the vehicle is used to provide the affiliated service,
(c)  the provider of a booking service, if the vehicle is a hire vehicle or taxi used to provide a related booked service,
(d)  the holder of the taxi licence for the taxi, if the vehicle is a taxi.
10   Wheelchair accessible vehicles
(1)  A wheelchair accessible taxi or wheelchair accessible hire vehicle used to provide a passenger service must—
(a)  contain a space, for each of the number of wheelchairs proposed to be carried by the vehicle, that is not less than the size of a rectangular prism with a length of 1,300 mm (parallel to the centre line of the vehicle), a width of 800 mm and a height of 1,500 mm, and
(b)  have no intrusions into that space, other than adjustable restraint devices, and
(c)  comply with the following standards—
(i)  AS/NZS 3856.1:1998, Hoists and ramps for people with disabilities—Vehicle-mounted, Part 1: Product requirements,
(ii)  AS/NZS 3856.2:1998, Hoists and ramps for people with disabilities—Vehicle-mounted, Part 2: Installation requirements,
(iii)  AS/NZS 3696.19:2009, Wheelchairs, Part 19: Wheeled mobility devices for use as seats in motor vehicles,
(iv)  AS/NZS 10542.1:2015, Technical systems and aids for people with disability—Wheelchair tiedown and occupant-restraint systems, Part 1: Requirements and test methods for all systems, and
(d)  comply with the applicable standards of the Disability Standards for Accessible Public Transport issued under the Disability Discrimination Act 1992 of the Commonwealth, and
(e)  carry wheelchair restraints that enable the maximum number of occupied wheelchairs that the taxi or hire vehicle is capable of conveying to be safely and securely attached to the taxi or hire vehicle, and
(f)  be supplied with an approved child restraint within the meaning of rule 266 of the Road Rules 2014.
(2)  A wheelchair accessible taxi or wheelchair accessible hire vehicle is not required to comply with subclause (1)(a) and (b) until 2 years after the commencement of this clause if—
(a)  it was in use as a taxi or hire vehicle immediately before the commencement of this clause, and
(b)  it complies with the requirements applicable to the equipment of a vehicle of that kind as in force under the Passenger Transport Regulation 2007 immediately before the commencement of this clause
(3)  This safety standard is specified for the following—
(a)  the provider of a taxi service (other than an affiliated service), if the vehicle is a taxi and is used to provide the taxi service,
(b)  the facilitator of an affiliated service and the affiliated provider, if the vehicle is a taxi and is used to provide the affiliated service,
(c)  the provider of a booking service, if the vehicle is a wheelchair accessible hire vehicle or wheelchair accessible taxi used to provide a related booked service,
(d)  the holder of the taxi licence for the taxi, if the vehicle is a wheelchair accessible taxi,
(e)  the owner of the wheelchair accessible taxi or wheelchair accessible hire vehicle.
11   Accommodation standard for taxis
(1)  A taxi must have seating accommodation for the driver and for at least 4 and not more than 11 other adult persons.
(2)  The taxi must have at least 4 side doors.
(3)  Subclause (2) does not apply to a wheelchair accessible taxi or a taxi that has seating accommodation for 6 or more adult persons.
(4)  This safety standard is specified for the following—
(a)  the provider of a taxi service (other than an affiliated service), if the taxi is used to provide the taxi service,
(b)  the facilitator of an affiliated service and the affiliated provider, if the taxi is used to provide the affiliated service,
(c)  the holder of the taxi licence for the taxi,
(d)  the owner of the taxi.
12   Signs, lights and markings—taxis
(1)  A taxi that plies or stands for hire on a road or road related area must be fitted with—
(a)  a roof sign that displays the word “TAXI” in black lettering at least 70 mm high, and
(b)  a roof light that is clearly visible in daylight from a distance of 40 metres by a person having normal eyesight.
(2)  The roof light must be lit when the taxi is available for hire on a road or road related area but must not be lit at any other time.
(3)  A taxi that plies or stands for hire on a road or road related area must be painted or marked so that—
(a)  it is clearly identifiable as a taxi, and
(b)  the name or other identifying logo or colours of, and the contact information for, the provider of the taxi service are displayed prominently and are clearly visible on the taxi.
(4)  The following are responsible persons for this safety standard—
(a)  the provider of a taxi service (other than an affiliated service), if the taxi is used to provide the taxi service,
(b)  the facilitator of an affiliated service and the affiliated provider, if the taxi is used to provide the affiliated service,
(c)  the holder of the taxi licence for the taxi.
13   Driver identification—taxi drivers
(1)  The driver of a taxi must be provided with a driver identity document in the form of a card or electronic document containing the following—
(a)  a photograph of the driver,
(b)  an identification number provided by the provider of the taxi service.
(2)  A taxi must be fitted with a device for displaying the driver identity document that enables it to be displayed so that it is clearly visible to any passenger in the taxi.
(3)  This safety standard is specified for the following—
(a)  the provider of a taxi service (other than an affiliated service), if the taxi is used to provide the taxi service,
(b)  the facilitator of an affiliated service, if the taxi is used to provide the affiliated service.
14   Fare calculation devices—taxis
(1)  A taxi that plies or stands for hire on a road or road related area must be fitted with a fare calculation device that complies with this clause.
(2)  All fares and other figures displayed on the fare calculation device must be clearly visible at all times to all persons in the taxi, whether on the device itself or by means of an auxiliary device.
(3)  The fare calculation device must be resistant to tampering and vandalism and must be in working order.
(4)  The fare calculation device must be—
(a)  securely fixed to the taxi, or
(b)  secured in a mounting that is commercially designed and manufactured for that purpose and is fixed to the taxi in the manner intended by the manufacturer.
(5)  The fare calculation device must not be located in any position, or installed in any way, in which it is likely to cause injury to the driver or any passenger during normal operation of the taxi or in the event of severe acceleration or deceleration.
(6)  The fare calculation device must—
(a)  display the fare, including any additional fees, charges or tolls, in numerals, in Australian dollars, and
(b)  be capable of accurately calculating the fare at all times when the taxi is being used as a taxi, and
(c)  be calibrated so that it determines the fare in accordance with the authorised fares.
(7)  This safety standard is specified for the following—
(a)  the provider of a taxi service (other than an affiliated service), if the taxi is used to provide the taxi service,
(b)  the facilitator of an affiliated service and the affiliated provider, if the taxi is used to provide the affiliated service,
(c)  the holder of the taxi licence for the taxi.
(8)  A person is not required to comply with the safety standard specified by this clause for a fare calculation device until 12 months after the commencement of this clause if the fare calculation device complies with the requirements applicable to the device under the Passenger Transport Regulation 2007 immediately before the commencement of this clause.
15   Display of information—taxis
(1)  The following information must be displayed inside a taxi that stands or plies for hire on a road or road related area so that it is clearly visible to any passenger in the taxi—
(a)  the vehicle registration number of the taxi,
(b)  contact information for the person authorised to provide the taxi service for which the taxi is used,
(c)  the fares for journeys and any additional tolls, fees or charges, that may be payable, and any differences arising because of the time when a journey is undertaken.
(2)  This safety standard is specified for the following—
(a)  the provider of a taxi service (other than an affiliated service), if the taxi is used to provide the taxi service,
(b)  the facilitator of an affiliated service and the affiliated provider, if the taxi is used to provide the affiliated service,
(c)  the holder of the taxi licence for the taxi.
16   Duress alarm systems—taxis
(1)  A taxi used to provide a taxi service in the Metropolitan, Newcastle or Wollongong transport district or within the Central Coast local government area, and that plies or stands for hire on a road or road related area, must be fitted with a duress alarm system that—
(a)  complies with the specifications established for the time being by TfNSW by order published in the Gazette for taxis of that type, and
(b)  is in working order.
(2)  The provider of a taxi service (other than an affiliated provider) or the facilitator of an affiliated service that provides taxis in a district or area referred to in subclause (1) must provide and operate the following—
(a)  a system that monitors the activation of duress alarm systems in the taxis at all times when being used to provide the taxi service,
(b)  a system that ensures the efficient operation of duress alarm systems in the taxis at all times when being used to provide the taxi service and the prompt response of the provider when a duress alarm system is activated.
(3)  Subclause (1) is specified as a safety standard for the following—
(a)  the provider of a taxi service (other than an affiliated service), if the taxi is used to provide the taxi service,
(b)  the facilitator of an affiliated service and the affiliated provider, if the taxi is used to provide the affiliated service,
(c)  the holder of the taxi licence for the taxi.
17   Vehicle tracking systems—taxis
(1)  A taxi used to provide a taxi service in the Metropolitan, Newcastle or Wollongong transport district or within the Central Coast local government area, and that plies or stands for hire on a road or road related area, must be fitted with an approved vehicle tracking device that is in working order.
(2)  The provider of a taxi service (other than an affiliated provider) or the facilitator of an affiliated service that provides taxis in a district or area referred to in subclause (1) must provide and operate a system for monitoring the provision of services provided by taxis that ply or stand for hire.
(3)  Subclause (1) is specified as a safety standard for the following—
(a)  the provider of a taxi service (other than an affiliated service), if the taxi is used to provide the taxi service,
(b)  the facilitator of an affiliated service and the affiliated provider, if the taxi is used to provide the affiliated service,
(c)  the holder of the taxi licence for the taxi.
18   Approved security camera systems and safeguards—taxis
(1)  A taxi that plies or stands for hire on a road or road related area must be fitted with an approved security camera system that is in working order.
(2)  Signs must be conspicuously placed in and on the outside of a taxi that is fitted with a security camera system, advising persons that they may be under video surveillance while in or about the taxi.
(3)  The provider of a taxi service (other than an affiliated provider) or the facilitator of an affiliated service must provide and operate a system that is capable of producing recordings from a security camera installed in a taxi.
(4)  The provider of a taxi service (other than an affiliated provider) or the facilitator of an affiliated service must cause the following safeguards to be taken to ensure that any video recordings made by a security camera system are protected against misplacement and against use for unauthorised purposes, until disposed of in accordance with clause 19—
(a)  the security safeguards that TfNSW may specify from time to time by notice published in the Gazette that are applicable to the service,
(b)  any other security safeguards that are reasonable in the circumstances.
(5)  Subclauses (1) and (2) are specified as a safety standard for the following—
(a)  the provider of a taxi service (other than an affiliated service), if the taxi is used to provide the taxi service,
(b)  the facilitator of an affiliated service or an affiliated provider, if the taxi is used to provide the affiliated service,
(c)  the holder of the taxi licence for the taxi.
(6)  Subclause (4) does not apply to an affiliated provider unless the affiliated provider is entitled to have access to the video recordings made by a security camera system fitted in or to a taxi used by the provider.
(6A)  Until 1 November 2019, a security camera system fitted in a taxi before the repeal of the Passenger Transport Regulation 2007 is taken to be an approved security camera system if, immediately before that repeal, the security camera system was an approved security camera system within the meaning of the repealed Regulation.
(7)  Nothing in this clause or clause 19 affects the operation of the Workplace Surveillance Act 2005.
(8)  In this clause and clause 19—
authorised purpose, in relation to the use of a video recording made by a security camera system fitted in or to a taxi, means any of the following purposes or any purpose connected with those purposes—
(a)  an activity referred to in section 18(a)–(d) of the Workplace Surveillance Act 2005,
(b)  the prosecution of, or the issue of a penalty notice in respect of, an offence under the Act or this Regulation, the Crimes Act 1900 or a major offence under the Road Transport Act 2013 that is committed in or about a taxi,
(c)  ensuring a provider’s compliance with the conditions of an authorisation,
(d)  ensuring a passenger’s compliance with any subsidised travel scheme.
video recording includes—
(a)  any electronically stored information from which a recorded image can be generated, and
(b)  any print-out or other reproduction of the recorded image.
19   Disposal of recordings made by security camera system in taxi
(1)  The provider of a taxi service (other than an affiliated provider) or the facilitator of an affiliated service must cause any video recording made by a security camera system installed in a taxi used for the service to be disposed of in accordance with this clause not less than 30 days and not more than 90 days after the recording was made.
(2)  The recording may be disposed of by destroying it by deletion or otherwise or, if it is to be used for an authorised purpose, by giving it to—
(a)  a police officer, or
(b)  an officer authorised by the Commissioner or the Police Commissioner to receive it.
(3)  It is the duty of the Commissioner to ensure the destruction of any video recording that was given to an officer authorised by the Commissioner and which is no longer to be used for an authorised purpose.
(4)  It is the duty of the Police Commissioner to ensure the destruction of any video recording that was given to a police officer or to an officer authorised by the Police Commissioner and which is no longer to be used for an authorised purpose.
(5)  Subclause (1) does not apply in respect of a video recording made during the installation or testing of the security camera.
20   Signs and markings—hire vehicles
(1)  A hire vehicle that is being used to provide a passenger service must not be painted or marked, or have signs or lights that—
(a)  indicate it is a taxi or resemble those of a taxi, or
(b)  could give rise to an inference that the vehicle is a taxi, or
(c)  indicate or could give rise to an inference that the vehicle is a vehicle that is plying or standing for hire.
(2)  The driver of a hire vehicle (other than a motor cycle) that is being used to provide a passenger service must ensure that a retroreflective sign is displayed on or attached to the vehicle that—
(a)  makes it apparent that the vehicle is a hire vehicle, and
(b)  is located on or near the rear of the driver’s side of the vehicle, and
(c)  is clearly visible from the outside of the vehicle.
(3)  The sign may be in the form of an identifying logo or other business identification.
(4)  Subclause (1) is specified as a safety standard for the owner of the vehicle.
(5)  The provider of a booking service is a responsible person for this safety standard, if the hire vehicle is used to provide a related booked service.
21   Motor cycles—hire vehicles
(1)  A motor cycle used as a hire vehicle must comply with the Australian Design Rules (under the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989 of the Commonwealth) vehicle category definition for any of the following—
(a)  motor cycles (LC vehicles),
(b)  motor cycles and side cars (LD vehicles),
(c)  motor tricycles (LE vehicles).
(2)  A motor cycle used to provide a passenger service must be fitted with wheel guards (including mudguards) that meet the requirements in Australian Design Rule 42/04—General Safety Requirements made under that Act.
(3)  A motor cycle used to provide a passenger service on any part of an unsealed road must be an LD vehicle or an LE vehicle.
(4)  A motor cycle that is an LC vehicle used to provide a passenger service must comply with the following—
(a)  not have a two-stroke engine,
(b)  not have an engine capacity of less than 500 cc.
(5)  The following equipment must be available, in an undamaged condition and a range of sizes, for use by prospective passengers of a motor cycle used to provide a passenger service—
(a)  motor cycle helmet that complies with rule 270(3) of the Road Rules 2014,
(b)  riding gloves,
(c)  protective jacket,
(d)  boots or gaiters.
(6)  The driver of a motor cycle that is being used to provide a passenger service must be competent in the operation of the motor cycle while carrying a passenger.
(7)  Subclauses (1), (2) and (4) are specified as a safety standard for the owner of the motor cycle.
(8)  The provider of a booking service is a responsible person for the safety standards specified in subclauses (1)–(6) if the motor cycle is used to provide a related booked service.
Division 4 Insurance
22   Vehicle insurance
(1)  There must be maintained for each vehicle used to provide a passenger service 1 or more policies of insurance providing cover of at least $5,000,000 against liability in respect of damage to third-party property caused by or arising out of the use of a vehicle in respect of which the policy applies.
(2)  To avoid doubt, the policy holder may enter into an agreement or other arrangement with the driver requiring the driver to pay the whole or part of any excess payable on a claim, if the claim arises out of the driver’s conduct.
(3)  The policies must be issued by a corporation authorised under the Insurance Act 1973 of the Commonwealth to carry on insurance business.
(4)  A policy maintained under this clause is not required to provide cover for any period when a hire vehicle is not being used to provide a passenger service.
(5)  This safety standard is specified for the owner of the vehicle.
(6)  The following are responsible persons for the safety standard specified by this clause—
(a)  the provider of a passenger service (other than a taxi service),
(b)  the provider of a taxi service (other than an affiliated service), if the vehicle is used to provide the taxi service,
(c)  the facilitator of an affiliated service and the affiliated provider, if the vehicle is used to provide the affiliated service,
(d)  the provider of a booking service, if the vehicle is a hire vehicle or taxi used to provide a related booked service,
(e)  the holder of a taxi licence for the taxi, if the vehicle is a taxi.
Division 5 Provision of information
23   Information to be made available to hirer by booking service provider
(1)  Information about a taxi or hire vehicle that is booked by the provider of a booking service, and about the driver of the taxi or vehicle, must be made available to the person who books the service.
(2)  The information provided must be sufficient to enable the proposed passenger to identify the vehicle and the driver.
(3)  If the booking is made for a wheelchair accessible hire vehicle or wheelchair accessible taxi, the proposed passenger must be notified of the estimated time of arrival of the vehicle at the nominated collection point within a reasonable time before that arrival.
(4)  This safety standard is specified for the provider of a booking service.
Division 6 Drivers
24   Disqualifying offences
(1)  A person must not drive a taxi or hire vehicle that is being used to provide a passenger service if the person has been found guilty of a disqualifying offence for a driver.
(2)  The following are the disqualifying offences for a driver—
(a)  an offence under section 13(1) or (5) or 14(1) or (9) of the Crimes (Domestic and Personal Violence) Act 2007,
(b)  the offence of murder or manslaughter,
(c)  an offence under section 12, 21, 25A, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 31C, 33, 33A, 33B, 35, 35A, 37, 38, 39, 41, 41A, 42, 43, 43A, 44, 45, 45A, 46, 47, 48, 49, 49A, 51A, 51B, 52A, 52AB, 52B(2) or (4), 53, 54, 55, 58, 59, 59A, 60, 60A, 60B, 60C, 60E, 61I, 61J, 61JA, 61K, 61L, 61M, 61N, 61O, 66A, 66B, 66C, 66D, 66EA, 66EB, 66F, 73, 78A, 80A, 80D, 80E, 86, 87, 91A, 91B, 91D, 91E, 91F, 91G, 91H, 91J, 91K, 91L, 91M, 93B, 93C, 93FA, 93G, 93GA, 93H, 93O, 93T(2), (3) or (4), 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 117, 148, 149, 150, 154A, 154B, 154C, 154D, 154F, 154G, 203E, 204, 205, 206, 207, 208, 211, 307A, 307B, 307C, 310J, 315A, 322, 326, 349, 530, 531 or 546C of the Crimes Act 1900,
(d)  an offence under section 350 of the Crimes Act 1900 that relates to an offence referred to in paragraph (c),
(e)  an offence under section 61B, 61C, 61D, 61E, 61F, 65A, 66, 67, 68, 71, 72, 73 (before its substitution by the Crimes Amendment (Sexual Offences) Act 2003), 74, 76, 78H, 78I, 78K, 78L, 78N, 78O, 78Q or 81 of the Crimes Act 1900,
(f)  an offence under section 54(1), (3) or (4), 110(2), (3), (4) or (5), 111, 112, 115, 116(1) or (2)(a), (b), (c), (d) or (e), 117(1) (if the driving occasioned death or grievous bodily harm) or (2), 118, 146 or 188(2) of, or clause 16(1)(b), 17 or 18 of Schedule 3 to, the Road Transport Act 2013,
(g)  an offence under rule 20 of the Road Rules 2014, if the offence involves exceeding the speed limit by more than 45km/h,
(h)  an offence under Division 2 of Part 2 of the Act,
(i)  an offence under section 28 of the Act,
(j)  a second or subsequent offence under section 47 of the Act or under section 30 of the Passenger Transport Act 1990,
(k)  an offence under clause 13 of Schedule 4 to the Act,
(l)  a second or subsequent offence under clause 66 or 84,
(m)  an offence under clause 60, 61 or 74, if the person has been found guilty by a court of the offence,
(n)  an offence under a law of another State or Territory, the Commonwealth or a foreign jurisdiction that, if committed in New South Wales, would constitute an offence listed in this subclause.
(3)  Despite subclause (2), an offence under section 110(3) of the Road Transport Act 2013 is not a disqualifying offence unless the offence is a second or subsequent offence under that subsection committed within 5 years of a previous offence under that subsection whether the previous offence resulted in a finding of guilt or was dealt with by way of penalty notice as referred to in section 4(5) of that Act.
(4)  Despite subclause (2), an offence is not specified for the purposes of that subclause if the conduct has ceased to be an offence in New South Wales.
(4A)  A person must not drive a taxi or hire vehicle that is being used to provide a passenger service if the person has committed an offence against section 110(2) or 111(1) of the Road Transport Act 2013 that has been dealt with by way of penalty notice as referred to in section 4(5) of that Act.
(5)  The following are responsible persons for the safety standard specified by this clause—
(a)  the provider of a taxi service (other than an affiliated provider), if the driver drives taxis for the service,
(b)  the facilitator of an affiliated service, if the driver drives taxis for the service,
(c)  the provider of a booking service, in the case of the driver of a taxi or hire vehicle used to provide a related booked service.
25   Ineligible drivers
(1)  A person must not drive a taxi or hire vehicle that is being used to provide a passenger service unless—
(a)  the person has held an unrestricted Australian driver licence for a total of at least 12 months in the preceding 2 years, and
(b)  the person meets the medical standards for commercial vehicle drivers set out in Assessing Fitness to Drive, published by Austroads and the National Transport Commission, as in force from time to time.
(2)  A person must not drive a taxi or hire vehicle that is being used to provide a passenger service if the person is a person—
(a)  who last held a driver authority under the Passenger Transport Act 1990 or the Passenger Transport Act 2014 that was cancelled (other than on medical grounds), or
(b)  whose most recent application for a driver authority under either of those Acts was rejected (within the preceding 10 years) on the grounds that the person was not considered to be of good repute and in all other respects a fit and proper person to be the driver of a public vehicle used for a public passenger service.
(3)  The following are responsible persons for the safety standard specified by this clause—
(a)  the provider of a taxi service (other than an affiliated provider), if the driver drives taxis for the service,
(b)  the facilitator of an affiliated service, if the driver drives taxis for the service,
(c)  the provider of a booking service, in the case of the driver of a taxi or hire vehicle used to provide a related booked service.
(4)  In this clause—
unrestricted Australian driver licence means—
(a)  an unrestricted driver licence within the meaning of the Road Transport Act 2013, or
(b)  a licence issued under a law in force in a State or internal Territory authorising the holder to drive a motor vehicle on a road or road related area, being a licence that is equivalent to an unrestricted driver licence within the meaning of that Act.
26   Driver of wheelchair accessible vehicle to be competent in loading and unloading wheelchair passengers
(1)  A driver of a wheelchair accessible taxi or wheelchair accessible hire vehicle that is being used to provide a passenger service must be able to demonstrate a level of competence in the safe loading, restraint and unloading of a person in a wheelchair to a standard equivalent to that required to complete Element 3 (Assist passengers into and out of a taxi in a manner suited to their disability) and Element 4 (Drive a taxi used by passengers with disabilities) of the competency unit TLIC2040 Provide wheelchair accessible taxi services to passengers with disabilities (Release 1) issued by the Commonwealth.
(2)  This safety standard is specified for the following—
(a)  the provider of a taxi service (other than an affiliated provider), if the driver drives taxis for the service,
(b)  the facilitator of an affiliated service, if the driver drives taxis for the service,
(c)  the provider of a booking service, in the case of the driver of a wheelchair accessible taxi or wheelchair accessible hire vehicle used to provide a related booked service.
27   English language requirements—taxi drivers
(1)  A person must not drive a taxi that plies or stands for hire on a road or road related area in the Metropolitan transport district unless the person has sufficient competence in the English language to communicate with passengers about a hiring of the taxi and matters related to the hiring.
(2)  Without limiting subclause (1), a driver is assumed to comply with that subclause if the driver can demonstrate a level of competence that is equivalent to, or has passed an examination or an assessment and achieved results equivalent to, the levels specified below—
(a)  for the International English Language Testing System—an overall band score of at least 5.5, with marks of at least 5.5 for speaking and listening,
(b)  for the International Second Language Proficiency Rating—at least level 2 for reading and writing and at least level 3 for speaking and listening,
(c)  for the course English as a Second Language offered by the NSW Education Standards Authority as a Higher School Certificate Course—band 3.
(3)  The following are responsible persons for the safety standard specified by this clause—
(a)  the provider of a taxi service (other than an affiliated provider), if the driver drives taxis for the service,
(b)  the facilitator of an affiliated service, if the driver drives taxis for the service.
28   Taxi driver identity document to be displayed
(1)  A driver of a taxi that plies or stands for hire on a road or road related area must ensure that the driver’s identity document is displayed in the vehicle in accordance with clause 13.
(2)  The following are responsible persons for the safety standard specified by this clause—
(a)  the provider of a taxi service (other than an affiliated provider), if the driver drives taxis for the service,
(b)  the facilitator of an affiliated service, if the driver drives taxis for the service.
29   Driver must report changes in circumstances
(1)  A driver of a taxi or hire vehicle must give written notice of any change in the person’s circumstances that renders the person ineligible under this Regulation to drive the taxi or hire vehicle to the provider of—
(a)  any taxi service for which the taxi is used, or
(b)  any booking service for which the taxi or hire vehicle provides related booked services.
(2)  The notice must be given by the driver within 7 days of the driver becoming aware of the change in circumstances.
Division 7 Notifiable occurrences
30   Notifiable occurrences
(1)  For the purposes of section 24(1) of the Act, a notifiable occurrence must be reported to the Commissioner—
(a)  as soon as practicable after the provider becomes aware of the accident or incident concerned, and
(b)  in a form approved by the Commissioner.
(2)  For the purposes of section 24(2) of the Act, the following accidents or incidents associated with the provision of a passenger service are prescribed as notifiable occurrences—
(a)  an accident or incident that results in an injury that is treated by an ambulance officer or results in the injured person being treated at a hospital,
(b)  a collision involving a vehicle being used for a passenger service that results in damage to the vehicle that is sufficient to prevent the completion of the journey in that vehicle,
(c)  a mechanical or other fault in a vehicle being used for a passenger service that is sufficient to prevent the completion of the journey in that vehicle,
(d)  an incident involving a driver, passenger or intended passenger of a vehicle being used for a passenger service and that results in a complaint to the police containing allegations of sexual assault, indecent exposure, actual assault or physical threats or other intimidation,
(e)  an incident involving the conduct of a driver while driving a vehicle being used for a passenger service that results in the driver being charged with a major offence within the meaning of the Road Transport Act 2013.
(3)  The following are exempted from the obligation to report notifiable occurrences under section 24 of the Act—
(a)  a provider of a passenger service other than a taxi service,
(b)  an affiliated provider.
Part 3 Authorisation of providers of passenger and booking services
Division 1 Applications for authorisations
31   Combined applications
A person may apply for authorisation as a provider of a taxi service and as a provider of a booking service in one combined application.
32   Partnership entity may apply for authorisation
For the purposes of section 30(1)(d) of the Act, Rasier Pacific V.O.F. and Uber Pacific V.O.F., unlimited partnerships established in the Netherlands, are prescribed as entities that may apply for authorisation to provide a booking service.
33   Authorisation standard—applicants
(1)  For the purposes of section 31(6) of the Act, it is a standard for authorisation that the applicant has not, within the period of 12 months preceding the application, made an application for an authorisation under the Act, or for an accreditation or authorisation under the Passenger Transport Act 1990 or the Passenger Transport Act 2014, that has been refused.
(2)  For the purposes of section 31(6) of the Act, it is a standard for authorisation that the applicant has not had—
(a)  an accreditation, or an authorisation to operate a taxi-cab network, under the Passenger Transport Act 1990 cancelled, or the person’s most recent application for any such accreditation or authorisation refused, on the basis that the applicant was not considered to be of good repute and in all other respects a fit and proper person to be accredited or authorised, or
(b)  an accreditation to operate a public passenger service under the Passenger Transport Act 2014 cancelled, or the person’s most recent application for any such accreditation refused, on the basis that the applicant was not considered to be a fit and proper person to be responsible for the management of a public passenger service.
34   Authorisation standard—entities
(1)  For the purposes of section 31(6) of the Act, the following are standards for authorisation of an entity prescribed for the purposes of section 30(1)(d) of the Act—
(a)  1 or more individuals as nominated managers for the purposes of authorisation are nominated by the entity,
(b)  at least 1 nominated manager is a person who is directly involved in the day-to-day management of the booking service,
(c)  at least 1 nominated manager is a resident of this State and is authorised by the partnership entity as a person on whom documents may be served for the purposes of the Act or this Regulation,
(d)  none of the nominated managers has been convicted of a disqualifying offence referred to in clause 37 and there are no current proceedings against any of those managers for any such disqualifying offence,
(e)  at least 1 nominated manager who is a resident of this State has access to, and is authorised to provide, any information relating to the booking service that is required to be provided to the Commissioner under the Act or for the purposes of the passenger service levy in accordance with the Act, this Regulation or the Taxation Administration Act 1996,
(f)  the nominated manager will provide any such information on behalf of the entity in accordance with the Act, this Regulation or the Taxation Administration Act 1996.
(2)  The entity may at any time, by written notice given to the Commissioner, nominate, or revoke the nomination of, an individual as a nominated manager.
35   Authorisation standard—close associates
For the purposes of section 31(6) of the Act, it is a standard for authorisation that no close associate of the applicant is a person—
(a)  who was the holder of an accreditation, or an authorisation to operate a taxi-cab network, under the Passenger Transport Act 1990 that was cancelled, or whose most recent application for any such accreditation or authorisation was refused, on the basis that the applicant was not considered to be of good repute and in all other respects a fit and proper person to be accredited or authorised, or
(b)  who was the holder of an accreditation to operate a public passenger service under the Passenger Transport Act 2014 that was cancelled, or whose most recent application for any such accreditation was refused, on the basis that the applicant was not considered to be a fit and proper person to be responsible for the management of a public passenger service.
36   Authorisation standard—nominated directors or managers
(1)  For the purposes of section 31(6) of the Act, it is a standard for authorisation that a nominated director or manager has not been, at any time, a nominated director or manager for a person who held an authorisation and who was, while holding the authorisation, convicted of a disqualifying offence referred to in clause 37.
(2)  For the purposes of section 31(6) of the Act, it is a standard for authorisation that a nominated director or manager of the applicant is not a person—
(a)  who was the holder of an accreditation, or an authorisation to operate a taxi-cab network, under the Passenger Transport Act 1990 that was cancelled, or whose most recent application for any such accreditation or authorisation was refused, on the basis that the applicant was not considered to be of good repute and in all other respects a fit and proper person to be accredited or authorised, or
(b)  who was the holder of an accreditation to operate a public passenger service under the Passenger Transport Act 2014 that was cancelled, or whose most recent application for any such accreditation was refused, on the basis that the applicant was not considered to be a fit and proper person to be responsible for the management of a public passenger service.
37   Disqualifying offences—applicants and nominated directors or managers
(1)  For the purposes of section 32 of the Act and clause 34(1)(d), the following offences are prescribed as disqualifying offences for individuals who are applicants for authorisation and nominated directors or managers of applicants for authorisation—
(a)  an offence under Division 2, 3 or 6 of Part 4, Part 4AA, Part 4A, Part 5 or Part 5A of the Crimes Act 1900,
(b)  an offence under Division 2 of Part 2 of the Act,
(c)  a second or subsequent offence under section 47 of the Act or under section 30 of the Passenger Transport Act 1990,
(d)  an offence under section 48 of the Act,
(e)  an offence under section 76(5), 78 or 79(4) of the Act,
(f)  an offence under section 85, 89 or 102 of the Act,
(g)  an offence under section 28 of the Act,
(h)  an offence under section 126 of the Act,
(i)  an offence under section 31 or 32 of the Work Health and Safety Act 2011,
(j)  an offence under a law of another State or Territory, the Commonwealth or a foreign jurisdiction that, if committed in New South Wales, would constitute an offence listed in this subclause.
(2)  In this clause, a reference to an individual who is an applicant for authorisation includes a reference to an individual who applies with 1 or more other persons for authorisation.
38   Disqualifying offences—close associates
For the purposes of section 32 of the Act, the following offences are prescribed as disqualifying offences for close associates of applicants for an authorisation—
(a)  an offence under Division 2, 3 or 6 of Part 4, Part 4AA, Part 4A, Part 5 or Part 5A of the Crimes Act 1900,
(b)  an offence under Division 2 of Part 2 of the Act,
(c)  a second or subsequent offence under section 47 of the Act or under section 30 of the Passenger Transport Act 1990,
(d)  an offence under section 48 of the Act,
(e)  an offence under section 76(5), 78 or 79(4) of the Act,
(f)  an offence under section 85, 89 or 102 of the Act,
(g)  an offence under section 28 of the Act,
(h)  an offence under section 126 of the Act,
(i)  an offence under section 31 or 32 of the Work Health and Safety Act 2011,
(j)  an offence under a law of another State or Territory, the Commonwealth or a foreign jurisdiction that, if committed in New South Wales, would constitute an offence listed in this subclause.
Division 2 Authorisation conditions
39   Conditions of authorisation
It is a condition of an authorisation that the provider of a taxi service or booking service must comply with the provisions of this Division that apply to the provider.
Note.
 It is an offence under section 29 of the Act (with a maximum penalty of $110,000) to contravene a condition of authorisation. An authorisation may also be varied, suspended or cancelled if a condition is not complied with (see section 45 of the Act).
40   Information to be provided
(1)  The provider of a taxi service or the provider of a booking service must notify the Commissioner in writing of any of the following changes within 7 days of the change occurring—
(a)  if a nominated director or manager for the service ceases to reside in this State or to be directly involved in the day-to-day management of the service,
(b)  a change of address of the premises from which the service is carried on,
(c)  a change of address of the premises at which records relating to the service are kept.
(2)  The provider of a taxi service (other than an affiliated provider), the facilitator of an affiliated service or the provider of a booking service must keep a record of the following information—
(a)  the name and driver licence number of each person who drives vehicles used for the purposes of providing the taxi service, the affiliated service or a related booked service,
(b)  the registration number of each vehicle used to provide the taxi service, the affiliated service or a related booked service,
(c)  in the case of a facilitator of an affiliated service, the name and address of the place of business of the affiliated provider.
(3)  The provider must, if requested to do so in writing by the Commissioner, give to the Commissioner copies of any record required to be kept under this clause.
(4)  A record required to be kept under this clause is to be kept in a form approved by the Commissioner.
41   Records of passenger service transactions—booking services
(1)  A booking service provider must keep a record of each booking for a passenger service for a period of not less than 2 years after the booking is taken (whether or not the booking request is made by or on behalf of the passenger or is referred by another booking service provider).
(2)  If the request is not referred to another booking service provider, the record must contain the following information—
(a)  the date of the booking and the time at which it was made,
(b)  the date of the journey and the time at which it commenced and ended,
(c)  the location of the commencement and end of the journey,
(d)  the full name of the driver of the vehicle,
(e)  the vehicle registration number of that vehicle,
(f)  contact information, such as a phone number or email or residential address of at least one of the passengers or the person who made the booking or the person to whose account the booking was charged,
(g)  if the booking request was referred by another booking service provider, the name of that booking service provider.
(3)  If the request is referred to another booking service provider, the record must contain the following information—
(a)  the date of the referral and the time at which it was made,
(b)  the name of the booking service provider to which the request is referred,
(c)  contact information, such as a phone number or email or residential address of at least one of the passengers or the person who made the booking or the person to whose account the booking was charged.
(4)  The provider must, if requested to do so in writing by the Commissioner, give to the Commissioner copies of any record required to be kept under this clause.
(5)  A record required to be kept under this clause is to be kept in a form approved by the Commissioner.
42   Records of passenger service transactions—taxi services
(1)  A taxi service provider must keep a record of each hire that results from a taxi plying or standing for hire on a road or a road related area for a period of not less than 2 years after the journey.
(2)  The record must contain the following information—
(a)  the date of the journey and the time at which it commenced and ended,
(b)  the location of the commencement and end of the journey,
(c)  the full name of the driver of the vehicle and the identification number shown on the driver identity document of the driver,
(d)  the vehicle registration number of the taxi,
(e)  the amount of the fare.
(3)  The provider must, if requested to do so in writing by the Commissioner, give to the Commissioner copies of any record required to be kept under this clause.
(4)  A record required to be kept under this clause is to be kept in a form approved by the Commissioner.
43   Booking service for wheelchair accessible taxis
(1)  A taxi service provider who provides services using wheelchair accessible taxis must enter into an arrangement for the provision of booking services for the wheelchair accessible taxis with a booking service approved as a wheelchair accessible taxi booking service by the Commissioner.
(2)  For the purposes of this clause, the Commissioner may approve a specified wheelchair accessible taxi booking service in relation to a specified taxi service provider or members of a class of taxi service providers.
(3)  The Commissioner is to approve a booking service for the purposes of this clause by notice published in the Gazette.
44   Condition for entities
An entity prescribed for the purposes of section 30(1)(d) of the Act must give written notice to the Commissioner within 7 days if a nominated manager ceases to comply with the applicable authorisation standards specified under this Regulation.
Division 3 Authorisation fees
45   Authorisation fees
(1)  The following authorisation fees, as adjusted under this clause, are payable in respect of each financial year by an authorised provider of a taxi service or a booking service—
(a)  if the authorised provider carries out fewer than 20,000 passenger service transactions in that year—$500, or
(b)  if the authorised provider carries out 20,000 or more and fewer than 50,000 passenger service transactions in that year—$750, or
(c)  if the authorised provider carries out 50,000 or more and fewer than 100,000 passenger service transactions in that year—$1,250, or
(d)  if the authorised provider carries out 100,000 or more and fewer than 500,000 passenger service transactions in that year—$2,500, or
(e)  if the authorised provider carries out 500,000 or more and fewer than 1,000,000 passenger service transactions in that year—$5,000, or
(f)  if the authorised provider carries out 1,000,000 or more and fewer than 2,500,000 passenger service transactions in that year—$8,500, or
(g)  if the authorised provider carries out 2,500,000 or more and fewer than 5,000,000 passenger service transactions in that year—$15,000, or
(h)  if the authorised provider carries out 5,000,000 or more and fewer than 10,000,000 passenger service transactions in that year—$25,000, or
(i)  if the authorised provider carries out 10,000,000 or more passenger service transactions in that year—$50,000.
(2)  For the purposes of subclause (1), the adjusted amount is—
(a)  in the financial year 2018/2019—the fee specified in subclause (1)(a), (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), (h) or (i) (the base fee), and
(b)  in each subsequent financial year—the amount calculated as follows—
 
where—
F is the base fee.
A is the CPI number for the March quarter in the financial year immediately preceding the financial year for which the amount is calculated.
B is the CPI number for the March quarter of 2017.
(3)  However, if an amount calculated under subclause (2) for any financial year is less than the amount that applied for the previous financial year, then the amount for that previous financial year applies instead.
(4)  As soon as practicable after the CPI number for the March quarter is first published by the Australian Statistician, the Commissioner is required to publish on the NSW legislation website a notice of the adjusted amounts payable under subclause (1) for the next financial year. That notice may be published by the addition of an editorial note relating to the amounts of the fees in the in force version of this Regulation published on the NSW legislation website.
(5)  The Commissioner is also required to give public notice on an appropriate government website of the amounts applying in each financial year under subclause (1) resulting from the application of the calculation under this clause.
(6)  This clause operates to change an amount payable under subclause (1) and that change is not dependent on the publication of a notice by the Commissioner under this clause.
(7)  In this clause—
CPI number means the Consumer Price Index (All Groups Index) for Sydney published by the Australian Bureau of Statistics in the latest published series of that index.
financial year means a period of 12 months commencing on 1 July.
(8)  For the purposes of determining the amounts payable under subclause (2), the Commissioner may rely on the returns furnished under Schedule 4 to the Act or on any other information available to the Commissioner.
(9)  The Commissioner may, by written notice given to the provider, require the provider to provide information as to the number of passenger service transactions carried out by the provider during the relevant financial year.
(10)  A person must not fail to comply with a notice given to the person under this clause.
Maximum penalty—10 penalty units.
Part 4 Taxi licences
Division 1 General matters relating to applications and licences
46   Fees exemption
An applicant for a taxi licence is exempt from the requirement set out in section 51(3)(c) of the Act, unless a fee is prescribed for the particular application in Schedule 1 to this Regulation.
47   Reduction or waiver of fees for licences for taxis
(1)  For the purposes of section 63(2) of the Act, the circumstances in which TfNSW may fix the licence fee for a taxi licence other than by inviting bids at a public auction or by seeking tenders are as follows—
(a)  if TfNSW is of the opinion that the service concerned would, for economic or other reasons, be unlikely to be provided if the full licence fee were to be imposed,
(b)  if the licence is subject to conditions that restrict—
(i)  the days on which the taxi may be used for a taxi service, or
(ii)  the times during which the taxi may be used for a taxi service, or
(iii)  the taxi services for which the taxi may be used.
(2)  Without limiting subclause (1)(a), TfNSW may form an opinion of the kind referred to in that paragraph if the service is to be provided for the benefit of persons who have disabilities.
48   Notice of lease, sublease or arrangement
For the purposes of section 67(2) of the Act, a notice of the lease or sublease of a taxi licence, or an arrangement to confer the benefit of a taxi licence, must specify the following matters—
(a)  the name, date of birth, residential address, telephone number and email address for service (if any) of the lessee, sublessee or person having the benefit of the arrangement,
(b)  the date on which the lease, sublease or arrangement took effect,
(c)  the amount of any consideration paid or payable under the lease, sublease or arrangement.
Division 2 Licence conditions
49   Conditions of taxi licence
It is a condition of a taxi licence that the holder of the licence must comply with this Division and ensure that the taxi complies with, or is used in accordance with, the provisions of this Division that apply to or in respect of the taxi.
Note.
 It is an offence under section 48 of the Act (with a maximum penalty of $110,000) to contravene a condition of a taxi licence. A taxi licence may also be varied, suspended or cancelled if a condition is not complied with (see section 69 of the Act).
50   Monthly payment of fees
(1)  This clause applies if the fees for a taxi licence are payable by monthly instalments.
(2)  Each instalment of a fee must be paid on or before the due date, as notified by the Commissioner to the licence holder.
51   Other conditions
(1)  A taxi for which a peak availability licence is held must not be used to provide a taxi service between the hours of 5 am and 12 pm.
(2)  If a taxi is a wheelchair accessible taxi, bookings for the taxi must be able to be obtained by using a wheelchair accessible taxi booking service approved by the Commissioner by notice published in the Gazette for the purposes of clause 43.
Part 5 Fares
52   Fare estimates
(1)  A person who provides a fare estimate for the purposes of section 79 of the Act must also include the following information in that estimate—
(a)  information about when the fare may be varied and the amount of the variation or how any variation is to be calculated,
(b)  information about any other fees and charges applicable to the provision of the relevant booking service or passenger service.
Maximum penalty—50 penalty units.
(2)  For the purposes of section 79(2)(b) of the Act, a fare estimate, including an estimate of variations, may be expressed as an amount per hour, a rate per distance travelled or a set amount, or any combination of any of them.
(3)  A person must not commence to provide a related booked service to a passenger unless the fare estimate for the journey has been accepted by or on behalf of the passenger.
Maximum penalty—
(a)  in the case of a driver—20 penalty units, or
(b)  in any other case—50 penalty units.
53   Taxi fare structures
(1)  The provider of a taxi service (other than an affiliated provider) or the facilitator of an affiliated service must determine fares for the provision of transport by taxis that ply or stand for hire on a road or road related area and are used to provide the service.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
Note.
 Any fare determined cannot exceed any fare applicable under a fares order (see section 76(5) of the Act).
(2)  Any cleaning fee for soiling of a taxi by a passenger that is contained in an applicable fares order is to be included in the fares determined by a provider under this clause.
(3)  Subclause (2) does not prevent the provider from including a fee for cleaning that is less than the amount specified in the fares order.
54   Publication of taxi fares
The provider of a taxi service (other than an affiliated provider) or facilitator of an affiliated service must ensure that—
(a)  information about the fares and charges payable by passengers who use the service is available on any website that is maintained by the provider or facilitator as the provider’s or facilitator’s official website, and
(b)  copies of that information are made available by the provider to potential passengers on request.
Maximum penalty—50 penalty units.
55   Payment of fares
(1)  This clause does not apply to a hiring that results from a booking.
(2)  After the termination of a hiring (including a termination under clause 79), the hirer must pay to the driver of the taxi, or as agreed with the provider of the service, any unpaid amount of the fare for the hiring.
Maximum penalty—5 penalty units.
(3)  Nothing in subclause (2) requires the hirer to pay an amount that is not permitted to be charged under the Act or this Regulation.
(4)  This clause is subject to clause 57.
56   Pre-payment scheme for taxi fares
(1)  The pre-payment scheme set out in this clause does not apply to a hiring that results from a booking.
(2)  The driver of a taxi may, before a hiring starts or at any time during a hiring, require the hirer to pay a deposit of not more than an amount equal to the driver’s reasonable estimate of the authorised fare for the proposed journey or the agreed fare (if the driver and passenger have agreed the fare is to be less than the authorised fare).
(3)  A driver who receives payment of a deposit under this clause must, on the request of the hirer, give the hirer a receipt for the deposit.
Maximum penalty—10 penalty units.
(4)  A driver who receives payment of a deposit based on an estimate of the authorised fare under this clause must, on the termination of the hiring (or on the hirer leaving the taxi in compliance with a direction to do so), refund to the hirer any amount by which the deposit exceeds the authorised fare for the journey.
Maximum penalty—10 penalty units.
(5)  After the termination of a hiring (or on leaving the taxi in compliance with a direction to do so), a hirer who paid a deposit based on an estimate of the authorised fare under this clause must pay to the driver of the taxi the amount (if any) by which the authorised fare exceeds the deposit.
Maximum penalty—10 penalty units.
(6)  This clause does not apply if the fare is subject to payment using the Taxi Transport Subsidy Scheme administered by TfNSW.
57   Fare may exceed authorised fare if out of area service
The driver of a taxi plying for hire on a road or road related area is exempt from section 76(5) of the Act if—
(a)  the taxi is hired within the taxi’s area of operation to convey a passenger to a place outside the taxi’s area of operation, and
(b)  the driver demands (or enters into an agreement to accept) more than the authorised fare for the hiring of the taxi, and
(c)  the fare is negotiated and agreed with the hirer before the start of the journey.
Part 6 Other obligations relating to passenger and booking services
Division 1 Driver obligations for passenger services generally
58   Definition
In this Division, passenger vehicle means a taxi or a hire vehicle.
59   Driver not to smoke in vehicle
(1)  The driver of a taxi must not smoke in the vehicle, whether or not the taxi is being used to provide a taxi service.
Maximum penalty—10 penalty units.
(2)  The driver of a hire vehicle must not smoke in the vehicle while the vehicle is being used to provide a passenger service.
Maximum penalty—10 penalty units.
(3)  In this clause, smoke has the same meaning as it has in the Smoke-free Environment Act 2000.
60   Offensive behaviour by drivers
(1)  A driver of a passenger vehicle must not, while the vehicle is being used to provide a passenger service or is being used in connection with a passenger service—
(a)  behave in an offensive manner in the vehicle or the vicinity of the vehicle, or
(b)  intentionally interfere, or intentionally attempt to interfere, with the comfort or safety of other persons.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
(2)  It is a defence to a prosecution for an offence under this clause if the defendant satisfies the court that the defendant had a reasonable excuse for the alleged behaviour.
61   Driver not to interfere with equipment of, or damage, vehicle
(1)  The driver of a passenger vehicle must not—
(a)  without reasonable excuse, interfere with any equipment attached to, or forming part of, the vehicle, or
(b)  intentionally damage any part of the vehicle.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
(2)  Subclause (1)(a) does not apply to equipment referred to in clause 74.
62   Driver not to drive non-compliant vehicle
The driver of a passenger vehicle must not drive a passenger vehicle for the purposes of a passenger service if the driver knows, or ought reasonably to know, that the vehicle, or any equipment installed in or on the vehicle, contravenes a requirement of this Regulation.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
63   Additional passengers
The driver of a passenger vehicle that is being used to provide a passenger service must not permit any person to ride in the vehicle without the consent of the hirer.
Maximum penalty—10 penalty units.
64   Assistance animals
(1)  The driver of a passenger vehicle must not refuse to carry an assistance animal or an assistance animal in training in or on the vehicle.
Maximum penalty—10 penalty units.
(2)  In this clause—
assistance animal means an assistance animal referred to in section 9(2) of the Disability Discrimination Act 1992 of the Commonwealth.
65   Wheelchair accessible vehicles
(1)  The driver of a wheelchair accessible taxi or wheelchair accessible hire vehicle that is available for hire must accept a hiring for a person using a wheelchair in preference to a hiring for a person not using a wheelchair.
Maximum penalty—10 penalty units.
(2)  The driver of a wheelchair accessible taxi or wheelchair accessible hire vehicle who is conveying a person using a wheelchair must ensure that the wheelchair is safely secured to the vehicle throughout the hiring.
Maximum penalty—10 penalty units.
66   No touting or soliciting for passengers
(1)  The driver of a passenger vehicle or any other person must not tout or solicit for passengers for, or for a hiring of, a vehicle.
Maximum penalty—
(a)  in the case of an offence committed in the Sydney Airport precinct—50 penalty units, or
(b)  in any other case—5 penalty units.
(2)  This clause does not apply to an inquiry of persons as to whether they are waiting for the specific booked service provided by the passenger vehicle.
67   Driver to be hired only at specific zones—Sydney Airport precinct and other airports
(1)  The driver of a passenger vehicle must not, while in the Sydney Airport precinct or at any other airport, stop the vehicle for the purpose of setting down or picking up passengers except in a designated area for that kind of vehicle.
Maximum penalty—50 penalty units.
(2)  In this clause—
designated area for a passenger vehicle means an area in the Sydney Airport precinct or at another airport that is designated by signs erected with the approval of the Sydney Airport Corporation Limited or the manager of the airport as an area for the setting down and picking up of passengers of that kind of vehicle.
68   Driver to remain with vehicle—Sydney Airport precinct and other airports
(1)  The driver of a passenger vehicle in the Sydney Airport precinct or at another airport must not leave the vehicle unattended.
Maximum penalty—15 penalty units.
(2)  This clause does not apply to the driver of a vehicle while the vehicle is in a holding bay for vehicles of that kind in the Sydney Airport precinct.
69   Directions to driver by authorised officer—Sydney Airport precinct and other airports
(1)  An authorised officer may, for the purpose of ensuring that passenger services are provided in the Sydney Airport precinct or at any other airport in a manner that is safe, reliable and efficient, direct the driver of a passenger vehicle in the Sydney Airport precinct or at that other airport, by means of a sign or by any other reasonable method—
(a)  to stop the vehicle, or
(b)  to move the vehicle in a particular direction or to a particular location in the Sydney Airport precinct or at that other airport.
(2)  The driver of a passenger vehicle must not, without reasonable excuse, fail to comply with a direction given to the driver under this clause.
Maximum penalty—10 penalty units.
70   Driver to supply information on hirings
(1)  An authorised officer may require the driver of a passenger vehicle to answer questions relating to the following—
(a)  whether the driver’s vehicle is hired,
(b)  the particulars of the hiring, including any booking particulars and the booking service provider,
(c)  if the driver indicates that the vehicle is hired, the details of that hiring.
(2)  The driver of a passenger vehicle must not, without reasonable excuse, fail to comply with a requirement made of the driver under this clause.
Maximum penalty—10 penalty units.
71   Driver to provide driver licence for inspection
(1)  If an authorised officer requests a driver of a passenger vehicle to produce the driver’s driver licence, the driver must—
(a)  hand the driver’s driver licence to the authorised officer for inspection, or
(b)  display the driver’s digital driver licence.
Note.
 Section 61C of the Road Transport Act 2013 sets out the requirements for the display of a digital driver licence.
Maximum penalty—10 penalty units.
(2)  In this clause—
driver includes a person who—
(a)  is occupying the driver seat of a vehicle that is on a road or road related area, or
(b)  is otherwise apparently in charge of such a vehicle.
Division 2 Taxi services
72   Application of Division
This Division (other than clauses 74, 75, 79, 80, 81(2) and 82) applies only in respect of a taxi that plies or stands for hire on a road or road related area.
73   Use of taxi outside area of operation
A person must not cause or permit a taxi to be used to provide a taxi service outside the area of its operation (if any) specified in the taxi licence for the taxi.
Maximum penalty—
(a)  in the case of a body corporate—10 penalty units, or
(b)  in any other case—5 penalty units.
74   Interference with safety devices
(1)  A person must not intentionally—
(a)  interfere with any part of an approved vehicle tracking device fitted to a taxi, or
(b)  cause or permit any such interference,
in a manner that prevents or impedes the proper working of the device.
Maximum penalty—50 penalty units.
(2)  A person must not intentionally—
(a)  interfere with any part of an approved security camera system fitted to a taxi, or
(b)  cause or permit any such interference,
in a manner that prevents or impedes the proper working of the system.
Maximum penalty—50 penalty units.
(3)  A person must not intentionally—
(a)  interfere with any part of a fare calculation device fitted to a taxi, or
(b)  cause or permit any such interference,
in a manner that prevents or impedes the proper working of the device.
Maximum penalty—50 penalty units.
(4)  A person must not intentionally—
(a)  interfere with any part of a duress alarm fitted to a taxi, or
(b)  cause or permit any such interference,
in a manner that prevents or impedes the proper working of the duress alarm.
Maximum penalty—50 penalty units.
(5)  Nothing in this clause prevents any authorised officer or other person authorised by the Commissioner for the purposes of this clause from carrying out an inspection, check or other test of, or performing any proper function in relation to, a vehicle tracking device, security camera system, fare calculation device or duress alarm.
75   Standing otherwise than in a taxi zone
The driver of a taxi must not permit the taxi to stand otherwise than in a taxi zone, except as follows—
(a)  while hired,
(b)  while not available for hire,
(c)  while loading or unloading luggage or goods or taking up or setting down passengers,
(d)  at the direction or with the consent of a police officer.
Maximum penalty—10 penalty units.
76   Use of taxi zones
The driver of a taxi must not cause or allow the taxi to stand in a taxi zone if the taxi is hired or not available for hire.
Maximum penalty—10 penalty units.
77   Driver of taxi to accept hiring
(1)  The driver of a taxi that is available for hire must accept a hiring immediately when offered.
Maximum penalty—10 penalty units.
(2)  However, the driver of a taxi may refuse to accept a hiring in any of the following circumstances—
(a)  if acceptance would result in a breach of the Road Rules 2014,
(b)  in the case of a driver who is proceeding to a destination for the purpose of terminating a driving shift, if the intending passenger indicates that he or she wishes to be taken to a location that is not on the way to that destination,
(c)  if the intending passenger indicates that he or she wishes to be taken to a location that is outside the taxi’s area of operation,
(d)  if the intending passenger is smoking, or drinking alcohol, and refuses to stop doing so,
(e)  if the intending passenger is a person who is, or who is carrying a thing that is, likely to soil or damage the taxi or the clothing or luggage of other passengers, or to otherwise cause inconvenience, a nuisance or annoyance to other passengers or to the driver,
(f)  if one of the intending passengers is under the age of 1 year and neither the driver of the taxi nor any other intending passenger is carrying a child restraint that complies with the applicable requirements of rule 266 of the Road Rules 2014,
(g)  if the intending passenger cannot, on request, satisfy the driver that the person is able to pay the estimated fare,
(h)  if the intending passenger, on request in accordance with clause 56, refuses to pay the deposit in accordance with that clause.
78   Peak availability taxis
The driver of a taxi for which a peak availability licence is held must not use the taxi for the purposes of a passenger service between the hours of 5 am and 12 pm.
Maximum penalty—5 penalty units.
79   Termination of hiring
(1)  The hirer of a taxi may terminate the hiring at any time.
(2)  The driver of a taxi may terminate a hiring in the following circumstances—
(a)  on any ground on which the driver could refuse to accept a hiring under this Division,
(b)  without limiting paragraph (a), on any ground set out in clause 77(2)(a)–(h) or if the driver is reasonably of the opinion that the passenger is contravening clause 86,
(c)  if any passenger who is under 16 years of age is not wearing a seatbelt or other restraint that is properly adjusted and securely fastened.
80   Direction to leave taxi
(1)  A driver of a taxi or an authorised officer may direct a person to leave, or not to enter, the taxi if the driver or authorised officer is of the opinion that any of the circumstances set out in clause 77(2)(a)–(h) exist in relation to the person.
(2)  A person who is given a direction under subclause (1) must comply with it.
Maximum penalty—10 penalty units.
81   Operation of fare calculation device by taxi driver
(1)  The driver of a taxi to which a fare calculation device is fitted—
(a)  must not start the device before the taxi is hired, and
(b)  as soon as the taxi is hired, must start the device, and
(c)  during any hiring, must keep the device running, and
(d)  during any hiring, must stop the device for as long as may be necessary to prevent it from registering a charge in any period during which—
(i)  a hirer is paying the fare for his or her hire and getting out of the taxi, or
(ii)  the taxi is delayed because of any shortage of fuel or any accident to the tyres, mechanism or any other portion of the taxi, or
(iii)  the taxi is delayed for any reason that may be prevented by the driver.
Maximum penalty—10 penalty units.
(2)  The driver of a taxi that is hired as a result of the taking of a booking for the taxi must, if the fare is subject to payment using the Taxi Transport Subsidy Scheme administered by TfNSW, ensure that the fare calculation device is operated for the purposes of the hire in accordance with subclause (1).
Maximum penalty—10 penalty units.
82   Wheelchair accessible taxis
(1)  Despite any other provision of this Part, a driver of a wheelchair accessible taxi to which a fare calculation device is fitted must not start the device before the taxi is ready to safely transport a passenger in a wheelchair.
Maximum penalty—10 penalty units.
(2)  For the purposes of this Part, the hiring of a wheelchair accessible taxi by a person using a wheelchair terminates (unless it is sooner terminated) when the taxi stops at the hirer’s destination.
83   Stand-by taxis
(1)  For the purposes of section 49(2)(f) of the Act, a stand-by taxi used as a wheelchair accessible taxi must comply with the requirements of this Regulation relating to the equipment and construction of a wheelchair accessible taxi.
(2)  A taxi service provider who uses a stand-by taxi to provide the service must, while the taxi is operating as such, display on it a sign with the words “STAND-BY TAXI” clearly visible from the front of the taxi.
Maximum penalty—10 penalty units.
Division 3 Hire vehicles
84   No plying or standing for hire
The driver of a hire vehicle must not—
(a)  ply, stand or park the hire vehicle for hire on any road or road related area, or
(b)  use the hire vehicle to carry out a hiring other than for a booking made before the driver stops the vehicle at the place where the passenger is picked up, or
(c)  stop, stand or queue in a taxi zone.
Maximum penalty—30 penalty units.
85   Direction to leave hire vehicle
(1)  A driver of a hire vehicle or an authorised officer may direct a person to leave, or not to enter, the hire vehicle if the driver or authorised officer is of the opinion that any of the following circumstances exist in relation to the person—
(a)  if continuing the hire would result in a breach of the Road Rules 2014,
(b)  if the person is smoking, or drinking alcohol, and refuses to stop doing so,
(c)  if the person is, or is carrying a thing that is, likely to soil or damage the hire vehicle or the clothing or luggage of other passengers, or to otherwise cause inconvenience, a nuisance or annoyance to other passengers or to the driver,
(d)  if an approved child restraint or approved booster seat required to enable the driver to comply with rule 266 of the Road Rules 2014 is not available,
(e)  if the person cannot, on request, satisfy the driver that the person is able to pay, or has paid, the fare.
(2)  A person who is given a direction under subclause (1) must comply with it.
Maximum penalty—10 penalty units.
Division 4 Passenger conduct
86   Passenger conduct offences
(1)  A passenger of a taxi or hire vehicle must not—
(a)  soil or damage the vehicle, or
(b)  smoke in the vehicle, or
(c)  behave in an offensive manner, or
(d)  use any offensive language, or
(e)  intentionally interfere with the comfort or safety of other persons.
Maximum penalty—
(a)  for a breach of paragraph (a)—20 penalty units, or
(b)  in any other case—10 penalty units.
(2)  In this clause, smoke has the same meaning as it has in the Smoke-free Environment Act 2000.
Part 7 Miscellaneous
87   Authorised officers
(1)  For the purposes of section 107 of the Act, the following classes of persons are prescribed—
(a)  persons employed in the Transport Service within the meaning of the Transport Administration Act 1988,
(b)  other persons employed in the government sector (within the meaning of the Government Sector Employment Act 2013),
(c)  persons engaged by TfNSW, Roads and Maritime Services or the Commissioner under a contract for services,
(d)  persons engaged by Sydney Airport Corporation Limited to provide road traffic management services.
(2)  A person referred to in subclause (1)(c) or (d) may only exercise the functions of an authorised officer if the exercise of those functions is subject to the control and direction of the Commissioner.
Note.
 Schedule 2 sets out offences under the Act and this Regulation for which penalty notices may be issued.
88   Unauthorised use of recording
A person must not use a video recording made by a security camera system of a taxi for a purpose other than a purpose authorised by TfNSW by notice in writing published in the Gazette.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
89   Transport services that are not passenger services
For the purposes of section 4(4) of the Act, the following are not passenger services—
(a)  the provision of transport under the Assisted School Travel Program of the Department of Education,
(b)  the provision of transport for patients that is facilitated by a hospital or by or on behalf of HealthShare NSW,
(c)  the provision of transport for patients by the Ambulance Service of NSW or another ambulance service authorised under the Health Services Act 1997,
(d)  the provision of transport services for persons in custody by or on behalf of Corrective Services NSW.
90   Car pooling not passenger service
(1)  For the purposes of section 4(4) of the Act, the provision of transport in all of the following circumstances is not a passenger service—
(a)  the driver of a vehicle proceeding to a destination regularly provides transport to passengers who wish to proceed to the same destination or a destination that is in the same locality or the same general direction,
(b)  the driver is not a provider of a booking service or otherwise the provider of a passenger service or an employee, contractor or bailee for a booking service or passenger service,
(c)  no consideration is payable to any person for the provision of the transport.
(2)  For the purposes of subclause (1)(c), an amount paid to the driver to reimburse actual costs associated with operating the vehicle or a small gift provided to a driver for participation in a voluntary non-profit car pooling scheme does not constitute consideration that is payable to the driver for the provision of the transport.
91   Travel agents not booking service providers
(1)  For the purposes of section 7(4) of the Act, the taking or communicating of bookings for passenger services by a travel agent in the course of carrying on business as a travel agent is not the provision of a booking service if the bookings are incidental to, and not the main part of, the business.
(2)  For the purposes of this clause, a person carries on business as a travel agent if the person carries on a business involving the following—
(a)  selling tickets entitling another person to travel, or otherwise arranging for another person a right of passage, on a vehicle, vessel, plane or other conveyance,
(b)  selling to, or arranging or making available for, another person rights of passage to, and hotel or other accommodation at, one or more places, whether within or outside this State,
(c)  purchasing for resale the right of passage on a vehicle, vessel, plane or other conveyance,
(d)  making arrangements in connection with travel.
92   Exemptions
(1)  The Commissioner may, by order in writing, exempt a person or a vehicle, or a class of persons or vehicles, from all or any of the provisions of the Act or any regulation under the Act (other than a provision referred to in subclause (2)).
(2)  TfNSW may, by order in writing, exempt a person or class of persons from any or all of the provisions of Schedule 4 to the Act or any regulations made under that Schedule.
(3)  An exemption under this clause may be conditional or unconditional.
(4)  If the exemption is conditional, it ceases to have effect if the conditions are not observed.
(5)  Notice of an exemption given under this clause is to be given by notice published in the Gazette and in any other manner that the Commissioner considers appropriate in the circumstances of the case.
93   Appointment of taxi zones
(1)  The Commissioner may, with the approval of the roads authority for the road concerned, appoint taxi zones for taxis.
(2)  Taxi zones are to be indicated by signs erected on or near a road.
(3)  A sign referred to in this clause may specify the class or classes of taxis that may use the taxi zone to which it relates.
(4)  If times are specified on a sign referred to in this clause, the taxi zone operates only during those times. However, if no times are so specified, the taxi zone operates at all times.
(5)  A police officer may appoint temporary taxi zones at any place where taxis are congregated.
94   Exchange of information
For the purposes of paragraph (g) of the definition of relevant agency in section 149 of the Act, the Secretary of the Department of Justice is prescribed as a relevant agency.
95   Requirements relating to information disclosure
(1)  This clause applies if, under the Act, the Commissioner discloses personal information about a person who drives a taxi or hire vehicle, or a person who owns a taxi or hire vehicle used for the provision of transport by a passenger service, to the provider of a passenger service or booking service.
(2)  The provider of the service must ensure that the personal information is kept, accessed and disclosed in accordance with any requirements approved by the Commissioner for the purposes of this clause and published in the Gazette.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
96   Fees
The fee payable for a specified matter is the fee specified for that matter in Schedule 1.
97   Delegations
For the purpose of section 140 of the Act, the Commissioner may delegate the exercise of any of the functions of the Commissioner under the Act or any other Act to any person employed in the Transport Service of New South Wales.
98   Authorisation fees—transitional provision
(1)  The authorisation fees set out in clause 45 are not payable for any period before the first anniversary of the commencement of that clause.
(2)  For the financial year commencing on 1 July 2018, the fee referred to in clause 45(2) is not payable in respect of any passenger service transactions occurring before that anniversary.
Schedule 1 Fees
(Clause 96)
Item
Matter for which fee payable
Fee
1
Application for authorisation to provide taxi service (section 30(3)(d) of the Act)
$120
2
Application to renew authorisation to provide taxi service (sections 30(3)(d) and 37(2) of the Act)
$120
3
Application for authorisation to provide booking service (section 30(3)(d) of the Act)
$120
4
Application to renew authorisation to provide booking service (sections 30(3)(d) and 37(2) of the Act)
$120
5
Combined application for authorisation to provide a taxi service and to provide a booking service
$160
6
Application for taxi licence (section 51(3)(c) of the Act), if annual fee is to be determined by bids at auction or sealed tender
$200
7
Application to renew taxi licence (section 58 of the Act), if annual fee is to be determined by bids at auction or sealed tender
$200
Schedule 2 Penalty notice offences
For the purposes of section 135 of the Act—
(a)  each offence specified in this Schedule is an offence for which a penalty notice may be issued, and
(b)  the amount payable under any such penalty notice is the amount specified in this Schedule for the offence.
Column 1
Column 2
Provision
Penalty
Offences under the Act
Section 24
$5,500, in the case of a body corporate, and $1,400, in any other case
Section 48, in relation to a breach of clause 51
$600, in the case of a body corporate, and $300, in any other case
Section 67(1)
$300
Section 76(5)
$300
Section 78(2) or (3)
$300
Section 79(4)
$300
Section 85
$2,200, in the case of a body corporate, and $1,100, in any other case
Section 126(3) or (4)
$440
Section 128(2)
$300
Section 129(1)
$2,200, in the case of a body corporate, and $1,100, in any other case
Section 130(2)
$550
Offences under this Regulation
Clause 6(1), in relation to a breach of clause 7(1), (2) or (3)
$5,500, in the case of a body corporate, and $1,100, in any other case
Clause 6(1), in relation to a breach of clause 10(1)(c) or (d)
$5,500, in the case of a body corporate, and $1,100, in any other case
Clause 6(1), in relation to a breach of clause 11(1)
$1,100, in the case of a body corporate, and $550, in any other case
Clause 6(1), in relation to a breach of clause 11(2)
$300
Clause 6(2), in relation to a breach of clause 12(1), (2) or (3)
$1,100, in the case of a body corporate, and $550, in any other case
Clause 6(1), in relation to a breach of clause 13(1) or (2)
$1,100, in the case of a body corporate, and $550, in any other case
Clause 6(1), in relation to a breach of clause 14(1)
$1,100, in the case of a body corporate, and $550, in any other case
Clause 6(1), in relation to a breach of clause 14(2), (3), (4), (5) or (6)
$300
Clause 6(1), in relation to a breach of clause 15(1)
$1,100, in the case of a body corporate, and $550, in any other case
Clause 6(1), in relation to a breach of clause 16(1) or (2)
$1,100, in the case of a body corporate, and $550, in any other case
Clause 6(1), in relation to a breach of clause 17(1) or (2)
$1,100, in the case of a body corporate, and $550, in any other case
Clause 6(1), in relation to a breach of clause 18(1), (2), (3) or (4)
$1,100, in the case of a body corporate, and $550, in any other case
Clause 6(1), in relation to a breach of clause 19(1)
$1,100, in the case of a body corporate, and $550, in any other case
Clause 6(2), in relation to a breach of clause 20(1)
$2,200, in the case of a body corporate, and $1,100, in any other case
Clause 6, in relation to a breach of clause 20(2)
$150
Clause 6, in relation to a breach of clause 21(1), (2), (3), (4), (5) or (6)
$2,200, in the case of a body corporate, and $1,100, in any other case
Clause 6(1), in relation to a breach of clause 22(1) or (3)
$600, in the case of a body corporate, and $300, in any other case
Clause 6(1), in relation to a breach of clause 24(1), where the offender is the driver
$1,100
Clause 6(1), in relation to a breach of clause 25(1), where the offender is the driver
$1,100
Clause 6(1) in relation to a breach of clause 28(1), where the offender is the driver
$300
Clause 53(1)
$1,100, in the case of a body corporate, and $550, in any other case
Clause 54
$1,100, in the case of a body corporate, and $550, in any other case
Clause 55(2)
$300
Clause 56(3), (4) or (5)
$300
Clause 59(1) or (2)
$300
Clause 61(1) (a)
$550
Clause 63
$300
Clause 64(1)
$300
Clause 65(1)
$150
Clause 65(2)
$550
Clause 66(1)
$850, in the case of an offence committed in the Sydney Airport precinct, or $330, in any other case
Clause 67(1)
$550
Clause 68(1)
$300
Clause 69(2)
$550
Clause 70(2)
$550
Clause 71(1)
$300
Clause 73
$600, in the case of a body corporate, and $300, in any other case
Clause 75
$150
Clause 76
$150
Clause 77(1)
$300
Clause 78
$150
Clause 80(2)
$300
Clause 81(1) or (2)
$300
Clause 82(1)
$300
Clause 83(2)
$300
Clause 84
$850
Clause 85(2)
$300
Clause 86(1)(a)
$550
Clause 86(1)(b)
$550
Clause 86(1)(c)
$300
Clause 86(1)(d)
$200
Clause 88
$550
Clause 95(2)
$550
Schedule 3, clause 7(1) or (2)
$300
Schedule 3 Passenger service levy
Part 1 Preliminary
1   Definitions
(1)  In this Schedule—
Administration Act means the Taxation Administration Act 1996.
objection means an objection under Part 10 of the Administration Act.
(2)  Words and expressions used in this Schedule have the same meaning as in Schedule 4 to the Act.
Note.
 Expressions used in this Schedule have the same meaning as in the Administration Act.
Part 2 Assessment and payment of liability for levy
2   Registration by taxpayers
(1)  A person who is required to register as a taxpayer under Schedule 4 to the Act must apply to be registered not later than 7 days after first becoming liable to pay the levy.
(2)  A person who is registered as a taxpayer under Schedule 4 to the Act must notify the Point to Point Transport Commissioner of any change to the information provided by the taxpayer in the application for registration as soon as practicable after becoming aware of that change.
(3)  A person who fails to comply with this clause is guilty of an offence.
Maximum penalty—5 penalty units.
3   Arrangements for payment of levy
(1)  The arrangements for payment of the levy by a taxpayer are to be as follows—
(a)  the amount of levy payable is to be deposited in an account in an authorised deposit-taking institution on or before the due date for payment,
(b)  the Chief Commissioner, by arrangement with the taxpayer, is to access or appropriate that amount by way of direct debit from that account.
(2)  The Chief Commissioner may permit other arrangements to be made for the payment of the levy.
(3)  The Chief Commissioner may enter into arrangements with taxpayers and other persons for the payment of the levy in accordance with this clause.
4   Exemption and rebate for certain small providers
(1)  A taxpayer who carries out 150 or fewer passenger service transactions in any period of 12 months is exempt from clauses 3, 4, 7 and 12 of Schedule 4 to the Act.
(2)  A taxpayer who carries out more than 150 but fewer than 600 passenger service transactions in any period of 12 months is entitled to a rebate of the levy.
(3)  The amount of the rebate is to be the amount of rebate required so that the amount of levy payable by the taxpayer is as follows—
(a)  if the number of passenger service transactions carried out is more than 150 but not more than 400—$150, or
(b)  if the number of passenger service transactions carried out is more than 400 but not more than 600—$400.
5   Exemption from levy for transport in remote or very remote areas
(1)  The provider of a taxi service or booking service is exempt from clauses 3, 4, 7 and 12 of Schedule 4 to the Act in respect of a passenger service transaction if the passenger service provided is carried out within, or commences or ends at a place within, a remote or very remote area of this State.
(2)  For the purposes of this clause, a place is within a remote area or very remote area of this State if it is located within an area that is so classified under the Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS) published by the Australian Bureau of Statistics, as effective from time to time.
6   Exemption from levy for small bus providers
A person is exempt from clauses 3, 4, 7 and 12 of Schedule 4 to the Act if clause 14(2) of Schedule 2 to the Act applies to the person.
7   Information to be provided by small providers or remote providers
(1)  A person who seeks to rely on an exemption or rebate under this Part must, if required to do so by the Point to Point Transport Commissioner, confirm in writing that the person intends to rely on the exemption or rebate and provide particulars as to why the person is entitled to do so.
Maximum penalty—10 penalty units.
(2)  A person who receives an exemption or rebate from the levy under this Part must notify the Point to Point Transport Commissioner in writing as soon as practicable after the person becomes aware that the person is no longer entitled to the exemption or rebate or is entitled to a lesser rebate.
Maximum penalty—10 penalty units.
Part 3 Objections to assessments of liability
8   Modification of operation of Administration Act
Part 10 of the Administration Act is modified to the extent necessary to provide for objections to assessments in accordance with this Part.
9   Periods for objections
(1)  Sections 86(2), 89(1) and 90 of the Administration Act are taken to be modified in relation to an objection on a ground referred to in clause 10(1)(a) or (b) by omitting “60” and “60-day” wherever occurring and by inserting instead “30” and “30-day”, respectively.
(2)  The Point to Point Transport Commissioner may grant an application under section 90 of that Act to lodge an objection after the objection period only if satisfied that special circumstances prevented the objection from being lodged within that period.
(3)  Without limiting subclause (2), special circumstances may include the following circumstances—
(a)  a serious illness or other personal emergency affecting the taxpayer or person or persons responsible for returns for the taxpayer,
(b)  a failure of computing or other systems, including loss of data, affecting the taxpayer’s ability to make the objection,
(c)  an unforeseeable occurrence or circumstance outside the control of the taxpayer.
(4)  A decision by the Point to Point Transport Commissioner not to grant an application to lodge an objection after the objection period is a decision that may be the subject of an objection under section 86(1) of the Administration Act.
(5)  In this clause—
objection period means—
(a)  in relation to an objection on a ground referred to in clause 11—the period for lodging an objection specified in section 89(1) of the Administration Act, and
(b)  in relation to an objection on a ground referred to in clause 10(1)(a) or (b)—that period as modified by subclause (1).
10   Grounds for objection
(1)  The only grounds on which an objection to an assessment may be made by a taxpayer are as follows—
(a)  that there was a mistake in the return which resulted in a higher assessed liability than would have been assessed if the mistake had not been made,
(b)  if the assessment was made on an estimated basis by the assessor, that the assessed liability was higher than would have been assessed if the assessment had been determined on the basis of the actual passenger service transactions during the assessment period,
(c)  in a case of third party collection, as set out in clause 11.
(2)  In determining an objection to an assessment made on an estimated basis, the Point to Point Transport Commissioner may require the objector to lodge a return for the assessment period concerned.
11   Reduction or waiver of liability in case of third party collection
(1)  A taxpayer may object to an assessment if—
(a)  a levy amount was collected by a driver, affiliated provider or other person on behalf of the taxpayer, and
(b)  the amount was not paid by that person to the taxpayer or otherwise as agreed with the taxpayer, and
(c)    (Repealed)
(d)  the taxpayer took all reasonable steps to recover the amount, or to have the amount paid in accordance with the Act and this Schedule.
(1A)  A taxpayer may object to an assessment if—
(a)  the taxpayer gave the driver, affiliated provider or other person reasonable directions as to the collection of a levy amount, and
(b)  the amount was not collected by the person as directed by the taxpayer, and
(c)  the taxpayer took all reasonable steps to recover the amount, or to have the amount paid in accordance with the Act and this Schedule.
(1B)  A taxpayer may not make an objection on a ground referred to in subclause (1) or (1A) more than once in relation to the same person (being the person who collected or was directed to collect the levy amount).
(2)  In addition to any other action the Point to Point Transport Commissioner may take in determining an objection under this clause, the Commissioner may determine that the amount of an assessment may be waived, either wholly or in part.
(3)  In this clause—
levy amount means an amount paid by a person who obtains a service under a passenger service transaction to an affiliated provider, driver or any other person involved in the provision of the transaction—
(a)  that is, under an agreement between the person who is paid the amount and the taxpayer, required to be paid to the taxpayer or another person for the purposes of the levy, or
(b)  that is the part of a fare that represents the amount payable to cover the levy, as determined by a fares order.
12   Form of objections and information
An objection to an assessment must contain the following information (in addition to the requirements of section 87 of the Administration Act)—
(a)  the assessment and the assessment period the subject of the objection,
(b)  any relevant records supporting the objection, such as trip data, vehicle records, fare calculation device data and financial statements.
13   Decisions not available for objection
(1)  A taxpayer may not lodge an objection to a decision by the assessor to make or not to make an assessment on an estimated basis.
(2)  This clause does not prevent an objection on a ground permitted by this Part.
Part 4 Enforcement and offences
14   Excess levy payments by passengers
(1)  A person must not demand for the provision of a passenger service transaction (whether as part of a fare or as an additional amount) the payment of an amount in respect of the levy unless—
(a)  the amount is permitted to be included in a fare by a fares order or, if there is no applicable fares order, by the fares established by the provider of the passenger service or booking service, and
(b)  the amount does not exceed the amount of levy payable for the transaction.
Maximum penalty—
(a)  in the case of a body corporate—40 penalty units, or
(b)  in any other case—20 penalty units.
(2)  This clause does not apply to any component of a fare established under a fares order that compensates for administrative costs arising out of the levy.
15   Authorised officers
(1)  An authorised officer under the Act may be appointed by the Point to Point Transport Commissioner as an authorised officer for the purposes of the Administration Act.
(2)  An authorised officer so appointed may exercise functions under the Administration Act only for the purposes of, or in respect of, the levy.
(3)  The Point to Point Transport Commissioner may issue an identity card for the officer in accordance with section 69 of the Administration Act.
(4)  An authorised officer may carry out a function conferred under the Administration Act when the officer is carrying out other functions under the Point to Point Transport (Taxis and Hire Vehicles) Act 2016.
(5)  This clause is in addition to section 68 of the Administration Act and that section is taken to be modified accordingly.
(6)  Section 69 of the Administration Act is taken to be modified so that the form of identity card for an authorised officer appointed under this clause is to be the form approved by the Point to Point Transport Commissioner.
16   Interest and penalty tax not payable
The Administration Act is modified so that Part 5 of that Act and any provisions of that Act to the extent that they relate to that Part, do not apply to or in respect of the levy.
17   Proceedings for offences
(1)  Proceedings for an offence under the Administration Act in connection with the levy or a taxpayer may be taken by the Point to Point Transport Commissioner.
(2)  This clause is in addition to section 62 of the Administration Act and that section is taken to be modified accordingly.
Part 5 Miscellaneous
18   Service of documents
(1)  A document authorised or required to be served on, given to or lodged with the assessor, the Point to Point Transport Commissioner or the Chief Commissioner for the purposes of this Schedule, Schedule 4 to the Act or the Administration Act may be served, given or lodged electronically through a website approved by the Point to Point Transport Commissioner and maintained for the purpose of facilitating the administration of the assessment, payment and collection of the levy.
(2)  A document authorised or required to be served on or given to a person by the assessor, the Point to Point Transport Commissioner or the Chief Commissioner for the purposes of this Schedule, Schedule 4 to the Act or the Administration Act may be served or given by sending it to an email address provided to the assessor, the Point to Point Transport Commissioner or the Chief Commissioner by the person concerned for the purpose of service of documents.
(3)  The Administration Act is modified to the extent necessary to permit the serving or giving of documents in accordance with this clause but without limiting any other means of doing so specified by that Act.
[1]   Schedule 2 Savings, transitional and other provisions
Insert after clause 3(5)—
  
(5A)  An ordinary taxi licence, of class TX01A, TX03, TX03WAT, TX13, TX50A, TXC1, TXHAP or TXHAPTR, that is subject to a condition permitting it to be renewed may be renewed in accordance with that condition despite any other provision of this Act.
[2]   Schedule 2, clause 3(10)–(12)
Insert after clause 3(9)—
  
(10)  The Commissioner may, by notice published in the Gazette, revoke any or all conditions of a licence (other than a condition referred to in subclause (5) or (5A)) that is continued by this clause.
(11)  To avoid doubt, the regulations may revoke or amend a condition continued by this clause and may impose a condition that is inconsistent with a continued condition.
(12)  A continued condition of a taxi licence has no effect to the extent that it is inconsistent with a condition imposed on the licence by the regulations.
[3]   Schedule 2, clause 6
Insert after clause 6(3)—
  
(4)  In this clause—
holder of an ordinary taxi licence means the person to whom the licence was last granted or transferred.
[4]   Schedule 2, clause 8
Insert after clause 8(7)—
  
(8)  This clause does not apply to a person who is an affiliated provider within the meaning of this Act or who, for any other reason, is exempt from the requirement to hold an authorisation to provide a taxi service or passenger service under this Act.
[5]   Schedule 2, clause 9
Insert after clause 9(8)—
  
(9)  This clause applies to the following persons as if they were the holders of a taxi-cab network authorisation referred to in subclause (1)—
(a)  a person who, immediately before the commencement of Part 3 of this Act, was an accredited operator of a taxi service and exempt from the requirements of section 31G of the 1990 Act,
(b)  a person who, immediately before the commencement of Part 3 of this Act, was an accredited operator of a taxi service operating outside the Metropolitan, Newcastle or Wollongong transport districts and who operated the service without being affiliated with a taxi-cab network.
[6]   Schedule 2, clause 10
Insert after clause 10(1)—
  
(1A)  A person who was, immediately before the commencement of this Act, an accredited operator of a tourist service provided by means of motorcycles or four wheel drive vehicles under the 1990 Act is taken to be an authorised provider of a booking service under this Act and this Act applies accordingly.
[7]   Schedule 2, clause 14
Omit clause 14(3). Insert instead—
  
(3)  During that period—
(a)  the person is taken to be the operator of a public passenger service under the 2014 Act or 1990 Act, as the case requires, and
(b)  the provisions of that Act and any regulations made under that Act that are applicable to the operator of a public passenger service continue to apply to the person, and
(c)  the requirements of this Act relating to a provider of a booking service or a passenger service do not apply in respect of anything done by the person to or in relation to the service while an accreditation referred to in subclause (1)(b) is in force for the service.
[8]   Schedule 2, clauses 15–17
Insert after clause 14—
  
15   Transition of accredited operators
(1)  Despite clauses 8, 9 and 10 of this Part, a person is not taken to be an authorised provider of a taxi service or booking service unless the Commissioner is satisfied that the person, immediately before the commencement of Part 3 of this Act—
(a)  was an accredited operator of a service referred to in any of those clauses, and
(b)  carried on the business of providing the service concerned.
(2)  The Commissioner must, as soon as practicable after determining whether or not a person satisfies subclause (1), notify the person in writing as to whether or not the person is to be taken to be an authorised provider of a taxi service or booking service.
(3)  The notice must also advise a person who is not taken to be an authorised provider that the person may apply for authorisation under this Act.
16   IPART investigations
Any investigation being carried out by IPART before the commencement of section 72 or 74 of this Act, and relevant to the matters with respect to which IPART may exercise functions under either of those sections, may continue and the functions are taken to be being exercised for the purposes of section 72 or 74, as the case requires.
17   Transitional arrangements for taxi licence determinations
The first taxi licence determination under section 71 of this Act for taxi licences for taxis operating outside the Metropolitan transport district is to be determined before 1 July 2018.
Clause 1 Name of Regulation
Insert “(Industry Adjustment)” after “(Taxis and Hire Vehicles)”.
Historical notes
The following abbreviations are used in the Historical notes:
AmamendedLWlegislation websiteSchSchedule
ClclauseNonumberSchsSchedules
CllclausesppageSecsection
DivDivisionpppagesSecssections
DivsDivisionsRegRegulationSubdivSubdivision
GGGovernment GazetteRegsRegulationsSubdivsSubdivisions
InsinsertedReprepealedSubstsubstituted
Table of amending instruments
Point to Point Transport (Taxis and Hire Vehicles) Regulation 2017 (424). LW 18.8.2017. Date of commencement, Sch 3 excepted, 1.11.2017, cl 2 (1) and 2017 (577) LW 20.10.2017; date of commencement of Sch 3, 1.2.2018, cl 2 (2) and 2018 (14) LW 25.1.2018. This Regulation has been amended as follows—
2017
No 61
Road Transport and Related Legislation Amendment Act 2017. Assented to 23.11.2017.
Date of commencement of Sch 4, assent, sec 2 (1).
2018
(61)
 
No 25
Statute Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 2018. Assented to 15.6.2018.
Date of commencement of Sch 5.30, 14 days after assent, sec 2 (1).
 
No 54
Road Transport Legislation Amendment (Penalties and Other Sanctions) Act 2018. Assented to 5.10.2018.
Date of commencement of Sch 2.1, 20.5.2019, sec 2 and 2018 (653) LW 23.11.2018.
2019
(60)
Point to Point Transport (Taxis and Hire Vehicles) Amendment (Miscellaneous) Regulation 2019. LW 8.2.2019.
Date of commencement, on publication on LW, cl 2.
 
(613)
Table of amendments
Cl 3
Am 2019 (613), cl 3(1).
Cl 18
Am 2019 (60), Sch 2 [1].
Cl 20
Am 2018 No 25, Sch 5.30.
Cl 24
Am 2018 No 54, Sch 2.1 [1] [2].
Cl 30
Am 2017 No 61, Sch 4.2.
Cll 37, 38
Am 2019 (60), Sch 2 [2].
Cl 69
Am 2019 (60), Sch 2 [3] [4].
Cl 71
Am 2019 (613), cl 3(2).
Cl 72
Am 2019 (60), Sch 2 [5].
Cl 81
Am 2019 (60), Sch 2 [6].
Cl 85
Am 2019 (60), Sch 2 [7].
Sch 3
Am 2018 (61), Sch 3 [1]–[6].