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Contents (2014 - 758)
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Road Rules 2014
Current version for 28 October 2019 to date (accessed 17 November 2019 at 10:37)
Part 20 Division 1
Division 1 General
Note.
 Traffic control device and traffic-related item are defined in the Dictionary.
314   Diagrams of traffic control devices, traffic-related items and symbols
(1)  A diagram in these Rules of a traffic control device, traffic-related item, or symbol, represents a likeness of the device, item or symbol.
(2)  If there are 2 or more diagrams of a traffic sign in Schedules 2 and 3, or of a traffic-related item or symbol in Schedule 4, each diagram represents a likeness of a permitted version of the sign, item or symbol.
Note 1.
 Traffic sign is defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 A number of traffic signs, traffic-related items or symbols have 2 or more permitted versions.
(3)  If a diagram of a traffic sign in Schedule 2 or 3, or of a traffic-related item or symbol in Schedule 4, is in black and white, the permitted version of the sign, item or symbol is in black and white only.
(4)  If a diagram of a traffic sign, traffic-related item or symbol in a rule of these Rules is in black and white and the sign, item or symbol is not in black and white only in Schedule 2, 3 or 4, the diagram is a black and white representation of the sign, item or symbol, and is not a permitted version of the sign, item or symbol.
Note.
 The permitted version is the version shown in Schedule 2, 3 or 4 (which is in colour)—see rules 316(1)(a) and 320(1)(a).
315   Legal effect of traffic control devices mentioned in these Rules
(1)  A traffic control device of a kind mentioned in these Rules has effect for these Rules if—
(a)  the device is on a road, and
(b)  the device complies substantially with these Rules.
Note 1.
 Road includes a road related area—see rule 11(2).
Note 2.
 Rule 322(1) and (2) explain the meaning of a traffic control device on a road.
(2)  A traffic control device is taken to comply substantially with these Rules unless the contrary is proved.
316   When do traffic control devices comply substantially with these Rules
(1)  A traffic sign complies substantially with these Rules if—
(a)  it is a reasonable likeness of a diagram in Schedule 2 or 3 of that kind of traffic sign, or
(b)  for a traffic sign of a kind for which there is not a diagram in Schedule 2 or 3—it complies substantially with a description of that kind of traffic sign in these Rules and, if the description includes a symbol for which there is a diagram in Schedule 4, the symbol on the sign is a reasonable likeness of the diagram.
Note 1.
 Traffic sign is defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 The diagrams of traffic signs in Schedules 2 and 3 are in alphabetical order.
(2)  A road marking complies substantially with these Rules if it complies substantially with a description of that kind of road marking in these Rules and, if the description includes a symbol for which there is a diagram in Schedule 4, the symbol in the road marking is a reasonable likeness of the diagram.
Note.
 Road marking is defined in the Dictionary.
(3)  A traffic control device (except a traffic sign or a road marking) complies substantially with these Rules if the device complies substantially with a description of that kind of traffic control device in these Rules and, if the description includes a symbol for which there is a diagram in Schedule 4, the symbol on the device is a reasonable likeness of the diagram.
Examples.
 A children’s crossing may have a red and white post missing temporarily. The missing post does not prevent the crossing from meeting the description of such a crossing that is set out in rule 80(6).
A freeway may have several freeway signs missing. The missing signs do not prevent the area from still being considered to be a freeway.
(4)  A traffic sign may be a reasonable likeness of a diagram of a kind of traffic sign mentioned in these Rules even though—
(a)  the dimensions of the sign, or of anything on the sign, are different, or
(b)  the sign has additional information on or with it, or
(c)  the number on the sign is different, or
(d)  the sign has a different number of panels, or
(e)  the sign is combined on a single panel with 1 or more other traffic signs, or
(f)  for a parking control sign—words, figures, symbols, or anything else, on the sign are differently arranged, or
(g)  for a bus lane sign, emergency stopping lane only sign, one-way sign or parking control sign—the sign has an arrow pointing in a different direction, or
(h)  for a separated footpath sign or an end separated footpath sign—the pedestrian and bicycle symbols are reversed, or
(i)  for a road access sign—information on or with the sign indicates (whether by different wording or in another way) that it applies to different or additional vehicles or persons, or
(j)  there is a variation in shade or brightness between a colour on the sign and the equivalent colour in the diagram.
Example of subrule (4)(b).
 A speed limit sign near a school may say that the sign has effect at certain times. This additional information does not prevent the sign being a reasonable likeness of the diagram of a speed limit sign in Schedule 2.
Example of subrule (4)(c).
 The diagram of the area speed limit sign in Schedule 2 has the number “60”. A particular area speed limit sign may have another number eg “50”. The different number on the sign does not prevent the sign being a reasonable likeness of the diagram.
Examples of subrule (4)(d).
 
1   
A school zone sign may have the indicated speed limit, the words “school zone”, and the times of operation, on a single panel or separate panels.
2   
An end bicycle path sign may have the word “end” on a separate panel or on the same panel as the rest of the sign.
Example of subrule (4)(e).
 A no parking sign that operates at certain times may be combined on a single panel with a permissive parking sign allowing pay parking at other times.
Example of subrule (4)(f).
 A permissive parking sign limiting parking to 2 hours may have the time limit above, or below, the word “parking”.
Example of subrule (4)(i).
 The diagram of the road access sign in Schedule 2 says “no pedestrians bicycles animals beyond this point”. The replacement of the word “bicycles” by the word “tractors” on a particular sign does not prevent the sign being a reasonable likeness of the diagram.
Note.
 Bicycle symbol, parking control sign, pedestrian symbol and with are defined in the Dictionary.
(5)  A variable illuminated message sign may also be a reasonable likeness of a diagram of a kind of traffic sign in Schedule 2 or 3 even though the colour of the sign, or of anything else on the sign, is different.
Note.
 Variable illuminated message sign is defined in the Dictionary.
Example of standard sign and variable illuminated message sign.
 
Speed limit signs
Speed limit sign(Standard sign)
Speed limit sign(Variable illuminated message sign)
(6)  A symbol on or in a traffic control device may be a reasonable likeness of a diagram of a kind of symbol mentioned in these Rules even though the dimensions of the symbol, or of anything on the symbol, are different.
(7)  In this rule—
panel includes a board, plate and screen.
316–1   NSW rule: minimum sizes for do not overtake turning vehicle signs and give way to buses signs
(1)  Without limiting rule 316, a do not overtake turning vehicle sign or a give way to buses sign does not comply substantially with these Rules unless the sign also complies with the size requirements for the sign set out in this rule.
(2)  A do not overtake turning vehicle sign must comply with following requirements—
(a)  the sign must have a minimum area of 0.125 square metres,
(b)  the words “DO NOT OVERTAKE TURNING VEHICLE” must appear on the sign in block letters with a height of not less than 50 millimetres.
(3)  A give way to buses sign must have a minimum area of 0.125 square metres.
Note.
 This rule is an additional NSW road rule. There is no corresponding rule in the Australian Road Rules.
316–2   NSW rule: do not overtake turning vehicle signs to be used only on vehicles 7.5 metres long or longer
(1)  A driver must not drive a motor vehicle if a do not overtake turning vehicle sign is displayed on the rear of the vehicle or on the rear of a trailer that is attached to the vehicle, unless the vehicle is, or the vehicle and trailer together, are 7.5 metres long or longer.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
(2)  For the purposes this rule, a sign is a do not overtake turning vehicle sign even if it does not comply with the size requirements for such signs set out in rule 316–1.
Note.
 This rule is an additional NSW road rule. There is no corresponding rule in the Australian Road Rules. However, the Australian Road Rules allow another law of this jurisdiction to make provision for the kinds of long vehicles that may display such signs.
317   Information on or with traffic control devices
(1)  A traffic control device may, by the use of words, figures, symbols or anything else, indicate any of the following—
(a)  the times, days or circumstances when it applies or does not apply,
(b)  the lengths of road or areas where it applies or does not apply,
(c)  the persons to whom it applies or does not apply,
(d)  the vehicles to which it applies or does not apply,
(e)  other information.
Examples of circumstances.
 
1   
A speed limit sign may indicate that it applies when the lights at a children’s crossing are flashing.
2   
A speed limit sign may indicate that it applies when children are present.
(2)  In this rule—
traffic control device includes a board, device, plate, screen, word, figure, symbol, or anything else, with a traffic control device that provides information about the application of the traffic control device.
Examples of information with a traffic control device.
 
1   
A plate erected immediately below a no U-turn sign indicating that the sign applies on Monday to Friday between 8 am and 6 pm.
2   
An illuminated board erected close to, but not next to, a no entry sign indicating that commercial trucks are permitted to pass the sign when the words on the board are illuminated.
Note.
 With includes accompanying or reasonably associated with—see the definition in the Dictionary.
318   Limited effect of certain traffic control devices
(1)  If information on a traffic control device indicates that the device applies during particular times, on particular days, in particular circumstances, to a particular length of road or area, or to particular persons or vehicles, the device has effect only for the indicated times, days, circumstances, length of road, area, persons or vehicles.
Example.
 A shared zone sign on a road into an area indicating that the sign applies on Monday to Friday between 7 am and 6 pm.
(2)  If information on a traffic control device indicates that the device does not apply during particular times, on particular days, in particular circumstances, to a particular length of road or area, or to particular persons or vehicles, the device does not have effect for the indicated times, days, circumstances, length of road, area, persons or vehicles.
Examples.
 
1   
A plate erected next to a pedestrian crossing sign at a place indicating that the sign does not apply on a particular day.
2   
A board erected close to a bus lane sign above a marked lane indicating that the sign does not apply when the words on the board are illuminated.
(2–1)  Without limiting subrule (2) in its application to permissive parking signs, a permissive parking sign does not apply to a vehicle that—
(a)  is the subject of a current parking permit, and
(b)  is parked in a space located in a permissive parking area that is specified in the permit and the area is designated by the parking authority for use by the holder of the permit, and
(c)  in the case of a printed parking permit—is displaying the permit.
Note 1.
 Parking permit and printed parking permit are defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 This subrule is an additional NSW subrule. There is no corresponding subrule in rule 318 of the Australian Road Rules.
(3)  If information on a traffic control device that is at a place indicates that it applies on a particular day of the week, the device does not have effect on a day that is a public holiday for the place unless information on the device states otherwise.
Example.
 If a loading zone sign indicates that it applies on Monday to Friday between 9 am and 4 pm and information on or with the sign does not indicate that it applies on public holidays, the sign does not have effect on any public holiday falling on a Monday to Friday.
Note.
 Public holiday is defined in the Dictionary.
(3–1)  If information on a traffic control device that is at a place indicates that it applies on school days, the device has effect on any day other than a Saturday or Sunday, a day that is a public holiday or a day publicly notified as a school holiday for government schools.
Note 1.
 Public holiday is defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 This subrule is an additional NSW subrule. There is no corresponding subrule in rule 318 of the Australian Road Rules.
(4)  In this rule—
permissive parking area has the same meaning as in clause 95 of the Road Transport (General) Regulation 2013.
Note.
 This is an additional NSW definition. There is no corresponding definition in rule 318 of the Australian Road Rules.
traffic control device includes a board, device, plate, screen, word, figure, symbol, or anything else, with a traffic control device that provides information about the application of the traffic control device.
319   Legal effect of traffic-related items mentioned in these Rules
(1)  A traffic-related item of a kind mentioned in these Rules has effect for these Rules if—
(a)  the item is on a road, or on a vehicle on a road, and
(b)  the item complies substantially with these Rules.
(2)  A traffic-related item is taken to comply with these Rules unless the contrary is proved.
Note 1.
 Road includes a road related area—see rule 11(2).
Note 2.
 Rule 322(1) and (2) explain the meaning of a traffic control device on a road.
320   When do traffic-related items comply substantially with these Rules
(1)  A traffic-related item complies substantially with these Rules if—
(a)  it is a reasonable likeness of a diagram in Schedule 4 of that kind of traffic-related item, or
(b)  for a traffic-related item of a kind for which there is not a diagram in Schedule 4—it complies substantially with a description of that kind of traffic-related item in these Rules and, if the description includes a symbol for which there is a diagram in Schedule 4, the symbol on the item is a reasonable likeness of the diagram.
(2)  A traffic-related item may be a reasonable likeness of a diagram of a kind of traffic-related item mentioned in these Rules even though—
(a)  the dimensions of the item, or of anything on the item, are different, or
(b)  the item has additional information.
(3)  A symbol on a traffic-related item may be a reasonable likeness of a diagram of a kind of symbol mentioned in these Rules even though the dimensions of the symbol, or of anything on the symbol, are different.
321   Meaning of information on or with traffic control devices and traffic-related items
A word, figure, symbol or anything else used on or with a traffic control device or traffic-related item has the same meaning as in these Rules.
Note.
 Rule 347 and Schedule 1 deal with the meaning of certain abbreviations and symbols.
322   References to traffic control devices and traffic-related items on a road etc
(1)  A traffic control device or traffic-related item above or near a road is taken to be on the road.
Examples.
 
1   
A speed limit sign erected on a post at the side of a road is taken to be a speed limit sign on the road.
2   
A traffic lane arrow on a structure immediately above the road is taken to be a traffic lane arrow on the road.
3   
A do not overtake turning vehicle sign attached to a vehicle on a road is taken to be a do not overtake turning vehicle sign on the road.
(2)  However, the device or item is taken to be on the road only if it is clearly visible to road users to whom it is designed to apply.
Example.
 A shared zone sign erected on a post near the side of a road is a traffic sign on the road only if it is clearly visible to drivers driving on the road during the day and in normal weather conditions.
Note.
 Clearly visible is defined in subrule (8).
(3)  A traffic control device or traffic-related item above or near an area or place is taken to be in or at the area or place.
Examples.
 
1   
Traffic lights erected outside the area of an intersection, but near that area, are taken to be traffic lights at the intersection.
2   
A hook turn only sign fixed to a structure above a road that is close to, but before, an intersection is taken to be a hook turn only sign at the intersection.
3   
A parking control sign near the side of a road is taken to be at the side of the road.
4   
A parking control sign near the centre of a road is taken to be at the centre of the road.
(4)  However, the device or item is taken to be in or at the area or place only if it is clearly visible to road users to whom it is designed to apply.
Example.
 A no right turn sign suspended from wires above a road close to, but before, an intersection is a traffic sign at the intersection only if it is clearly visible to drivers approaching the intersection during the day and in normal weather conditions.
(5)  Without limiting subrule (3), a traffic control device or traffic-related item above or near a break in a dividing strip is taken to be at the break.
Example.
 A no U-turn sign erected in a dividing strip close to, but before, a break in the dividing strip is taken to be at the break.
Note.
 Dividing strip is defined in the Dictionary.
(6)  However, the device or item is taken to be at the break only if it is clearly visible to road users to whom it is designed to apply.
(7)  A traffic control device or traffic-related item is taken to comply with subrule (2), (4) or (6) unless the contrary is proved.
(8)  In this rule—
clearly visible means—
(a)  for a traffic signal—clearly visible during the day and night in normal weather conditions, or
(b)  for another traffic control device or a traffic-related item—clearly visible during the day in normal weather conditions.
Note.
 
Night is defined in the Dictionary.
day means the period between sunrise on a day and sunset on the same day.
normal weather conditions means weather conditions that are not hazardous weather conditions causing reduced visibility.
323   References to lights that are traffic signals
A reference in these Rules to a light that is, or is part of, traffic signals is a reference to a steady light, unless otherwise expressly stated.
Note.
 Traffic signals is defined in the Dictionary.
323A   Audible lines
(1)  An audible line is a line on a road that is made up of a series of closely spaced raised pieces of material designed to create a continuous noise or vibration if driven on by a motor vehicle.
Note.
 Motor vehicle is defined in the Dictionary.
(2)  A reference in these Rules to a line is to be taken to include a reference to an audible line, unless otherwise expressly stated.
(3)  For the purposes of these Rules—
(a)  an audible line is to be taken to be continuous even if there is no physical link between the pieces of material that make up the line,
(b)  if there is no physical link between those pieces, the colour of the audible line is to be taken to be the visible colour of those pieces.