Road Rules 2014
Current version for 29 November 2019 to date (accessed 6 June 2020 at 12:36)
Part 2
Part 2 Application of these Rules
Division 1 Roads and road related areas
11   Rules apply to vehicles and road users on roads and road related areas
(1)  These Rules apply to vehicles and road users on roads and road related areas.
Note.
 Road is defined in rule 12, road related area is defined in rule 13, road user is defined in rule 14, and vehicle is defined in rule 15.
(2)  Each reference in these Rules (except in this Division) to a road includes a reference to a road related area, unless otherwise expressly stated in these Rules.
Examples for subrule (2).
 
1   
A reference in rule 146 (which deals with driving within a single marked lane or line of traffic) to the road includes a reference to the road related area of the road.
2   
A reference in rule 200(1) (which deals with certain heavy or long vehicles stopping on roads) to a length of road includes a reference to the road related area of the length of road.
3   
A reference in rule 31 (which deals with starting a right turn from a road, except a multi-lane road) to a road does not include a reference to a road related area, because of the definition in subrule (5) of that rule.
12   What is a road
(1)  A road is an area that is open to or used by the public and is developed for, or has as one of its main uses, the driving or riding of motor vehicles.
Note.
 Motor vehicle is defined in the Dictionary.
(2)  However, unless the contrary intention appears, a reference in these Rules (except in this Division) to a road does not include a reference to—
(a)  an area so far as the area is declared, under another law of this jurisdiction, not to be a road for these Rules, or
(b)  any shoulder of the road.
Note.
 The Minister administering the Act may, by order under section 18 of that Act, declare that provisions of the road transport legislation do not apply to a road or do apply to a specified area of the State that is open to or used by the public. The road transport legislation includes these Rules.
(3)  The shoulder of the road includes any part of the road that is not designed to be used by motor vehicles in travelling along the road, and includes—
(a)  for a kerbed road—any part of the kerb, and
(b)  for a sealed road—any unsealed part of the road, and any sealed part of the road outside an edge line on the road,
but does not include a bicycle path, footpath or shared path.
Note.
 Bicycle path is defined in rule 239, edge line and footpath are defined in the Dictionary, and shared path is defined in rule 242.
13   What is a road related area
(1)  A road related area is any of the following—
(a)  an area that divides a road,
(b)  a footpath or nature strip adjacent to a road,
(c)  an area that is not a road and that is open to the public and designated for use by cyclists or animals,
(d)  an area that is not a road and that is open to or used by the public for driving, riding or parking vehicles.
Note.
 Vehicle is defined in rule 15.
(2)  However, unless the contrary intention appears, a reference in these Rules (except in this Division) to a road related area includes a reference to—
(a)  an area so far as the area is declared, under another law of this jurisdiction, to be a road related area for these Rules, or
(b)  any shoulder of a road, or
(c)  any other area that is a footpath or nature strip as defined in the Dictionary,
but does not include a reference to an area so far as the area is declared, under another law of this jurisdiction, not to be a road related area for these Rules.
Note 1.
 Shoulder is defined in rule 12.
Note 2.
 The Minister administering the Act may, by order under section 18 of that Act, declare that provisions of the road transport legislation do not apply to a road or do apply to a specified area of the State that is open to or used by the public. The road transport legislation includes these Rules.
Division 2 Road users and vehicles
14   Road users
A road user is a driver, rider, passenger or pedestrian.
Note.
 Driver is defined in rule 16, pedestrian is defined in rule 18, and rider is defined in rule 17.
15   What is a vehicle
A vehicle includes—
(a)  a motor vehicle, trailer and tram, and
(b)  a bicycle, and
(c)  an animal-drawn vehicle, and an animal that is being ridden or drawing a vehicle, and
(d)  a combination, and
(e)  a motorised wheelchair that can travel at over 10 kilometres per hour (on level ground),
but does not include another kind of wheelchair, a train, or a wheeled recreational device or wheeled toy.
Note.
 Various terms mentioned in this rule are defined in the Dictionary.
16   Who is a driver
(1)  A driver is the person who is driving a vehicle (except a motor bike, bicycle, animal or animal-drawn vehicle).
Note 1.
 Bicycle and motor bike are defined in the Dictionary, and vehicle is defined in rule 15.
Note 2.
 Drive includes be in control of—see the definition in the Dictionary.
(2)  However, a driver does not include a person pushing a motorised wheelchair.
Note.
 Wheelchair is defined in the Dictionary.
17   Who is a rider
(1)  A rider is the person who is riding a motor bike, bicycle, animal or animal-drawn vehicle.
Note 1.
 Bicycle and motor bike are defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 Ride, for the rider of a motor bike or animal-drawn vehicle, includes be in control of—see the definition in the Dictionary.
(2)  A rider does not include—
(a)  a passenger, or
(b)  a person walking beside and pushing a bicycle.
18   Who is a pedestrian
A pedestrian includes—
(a)  a person driving a motorised wheelchair that cannot travel at over 10 kilometres per hour (on level ground), and
(b)  a person in a non-motorised wheelchair, and
(c)  a person pushing a motorised or non-motorised wheelchair, and
(d)  a person in or on a wheeled recreational device or wheeled toy.
Note.
 Wheelchair, wheeled recreational device and wheeled toy are defined in the Dictionary.
19   References to driver includes rider etc
Unless otherwise expressly stated in these Rules, each reference in these Rules (except in this Division) to a driver includes a reference to a rider, and each reference in these Rules (except in this Division) to driving includes a reference to riding.