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Contents (2014 - 758)
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Road Rules 2014
Current version for 28 October 2019 to date (accessed 19 November 2019 at 07:09)
Part 14 Division 1
Division 1 General
Note 1.
 For these Rules, a pedestrian includes—
  a person driving a motorised wheelchair that cannot travel at over 10 kilometres per hour (on level ground)
  a person in a non-motorised wheelchair
  a person pushing a motorised or non-motorised wheelchair
  a person in or on a wheeled recreational device or wheeled toy (see rule 18).
Note 2.
 Wheelchair, wheeled recreational device and wheeled toy are defined in the Dictionary.
228   No pedestrians signs
A pedestrian must not travel past a no pedestrians sign.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
 
No pedestrians sign
229   Pedestrians on a road with a road access sign
A pedestrian must not be on a length of road to which a road access sign applies if information on or with the sign indicates that pedestrians are not permitted beyond the sign.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
Note 1.
 Length of road and with are defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 For the way in which a road access sign applies, see rule 97. The sign is usually used on a freeway.
 
Road access sign
Note for diagram.
 The sign may indicate that it applies to different or additional vehicles or persons—see rule 316(4).
229–1   NSW Rule: exemption from prohibition on pedestrians being on a road with a road access sign
Rule 229 does not apply to—
(a)  the driver or passenger of a truck while in a truck parking area, or
(b)  the driver of a public bus used to provide a public passenger service, while in a bus parking area, or
(c)  a person approaching or waiting in a bus zone or at a bus stop to be picked up as a passenger on a public bus providing a public passenger service, or a person leaving a bus zone or bus stop after being dropped off as such a passenger, or
(d)  a person who is authorised to maintain facilities in a bus parking area, while in the bus parking area for that purpose.
Note 1.
 Bus parking area, footpath, public bus, public passenger service, truck and truck parking area are defined in the Dictionary. Bus zone is defined in rule 183(2).
Note 2.
 This rule is an additional NSW road rule. There is no corresponding rule in the Australian Road Rules.
230   Crossing a road—general
(1)  A pedestrian crossing a road—
(a)  must cross by the shortest safe route, and
(b)  must not stay on the road longer than necessary to cross the road safely.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
(2)  However, if the pedestrian is crossing the road at an intersection with traffic lights and a pedestrians may cross diagonally sign, the pedestrian may cross the road diagonally at the intersection.
Note.
 Intersection and traffic lights are defined in the Dictionary.
(3)  In this rule—
road does not include a road related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.
Note.
 Road related area is defined in rule 13, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.
 
Pedestrians may cross diagonally sign
231   Crossing a road at pedestrian lights
(1)  A pedestrian approaching or at an intersection, or another place on a road, with pedestrian lights and traffic lights must comply with this rule.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
Note.
 Intersection, pedestrian lights and traffic lights are defined in the Dictionary.
(2)  If the pedestrian lights show a red pedestrian light and the pedestrian has not already started crossing the intersection or road, the pedestrian must not start to cross until the pedestrian lights change to green.
Note 1.
 Green pedestrian light and red pedestrian light are defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 A traffic control device (including pedestrian lights) generally only applies to a person if the device faces the person—see Part 20, Division 3, especially rule 340.
(3)  If, while the pedestrian is crossing the road, the pedestrian lights change to flashing red or red, the pedestrian must not stay on the road for longer than necessary to cross safely to the nearer (in the direction of travel of the pedestrian) of the following—
(a)  a dividing strip, safety zone, or traffic island, forming part of the area set aside or used by pedestrians to cross the road at the intersection or place (the safety area),
(b)  the nearest side of the road.
Note.
 Dividing strip and traffic island are defined in the Dictionary, and safety zone is defined in rule 162.
(4)  If, under subrule (3), the pedestrian crosses to the safety area, the pedestrian must remain in the safety area until the pedestrian lights change to green.
(5)  However, if the pedestrian cannot operate the pedestrian lights from the safety area, the pedestrian may cross to the far side of the road when—
(a)  the traffic lights change to green or flashing yellow, or there is no red traffic light showing, and
(b)  it is safe to do so.
Note.
 Red traffic light is defined in the Dictionary.
(6)  In this rule—
road does not include a road related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.
Note.
 Road related area is defined in rule 13, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.
 
Red pedestrian light showing red pedestrian symbol
Green pedestrian light showing green pedestrian symbol
232   Crossing a road at traffic lights
(1)  A pedestrian approaching or at an intersection, or another place on a road, with traffic lights, but without pedestrian lights, must comply with this rule.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
Note.
 Intersection, pedestrian lights and traffic lights are defined in the Dictionary.
(2)  If the traffic lights show a red or yellow traffic light and the pedestrian has not already started crossing the intersection or road, the pedestrian must not start to cross until the traffic lights change to green or flashing yellow, or there is no red traffic light showing.
Note.
 Green traffic light, red traffic light and yellow traffic light are defined in the Dictionary.
(3)  If, while the pedestrian is crossing the road, the traffic lights change to yellow or red, the pedestrian must not stay on the road for longer than necessary to cross safely to the nearer (in the direction of travel of the pedestrian) of the following—
(a)  a dividing strip, safety zone, or traffic island, forming part of the area set aside or used by pedestrians to cross the road at the intersection or place (the safety area),
(b)  the far side of the road.
Note.
 Dividing strip and traffic island are defined in the Dictionary, and safety zone is defined in rule 162.
(3A)  Despite subrule (3), in the circumstances set out in that subrule the pedestrian may instead return to the side of the road, or to the safety area, that he or she has just left, but only if—
(a)  at the time the lights change, that side or safety area is closer to him or her than the side or safety area (whichever is the closer) that he or she was heading for at that time, and
(b)  he or she does not stay on the road for longer than is necessary to return to that side or safety area.
(4)  If, under subrule (3), the pedestrian crosses to the safety area, the pedestrian must remain in the safety area until the traffic lights change to green or flashing yellow, or there is no red traffic light showing.
(5)  In this rule—
road does not include a road related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.
Note.
 Road related area is defined in rule 13, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.
233   Crossing a road to or from a tram
(1)  A pedestrian must not cross a road to get on a tram at a tram stop until the tram has stopped at the tram stop.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
Note.
 Tram is defined in the Dictionary.
(2)  A pedestrian crossing a road after getting off a tram—
(a)  must cross to the nearest footpath by the shortest safe route or, if there is no footpath, cross the road by the shortest safe route, and
(b)  must not stay on the road for longer than necessary to cross the road safely.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
Note.
 Footpath is defined in the Dictionary.
(3)  This rule does not apply to a pedestrian—
(a)  on a safety zone, or
(b)  crossing a road to or from a safety zone.
Note.
 Safety zone is defined in rule 162.
(4)  Subrule (2) does not apply to—
(a)  a pedestrian in a shared zone, or
(b)  an employee of a public transport operator who is in uniform and engaged in carrying out his or her duties.
Note.
 Shared zone is defined in rule 24.
(5)  In this rule—
road does not include a road related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.
tram includes a bus travelling along tram tracks.
Note 1.
 Bus and travelling along tram tracks are defined in the Dictionary, road related area is defined in rule 13, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.
Note 2.
 For the duties of drivers where there are pedestrians getting on or off trams or buses, or in safety zones, see rules 162 to 164A.
234   Crossing a road on or near a crossing for pedestrians
(1)  A pedestrian must not cross a road, or part of a road, within 20 metres of a crossing on the road, except at the crossing or another crossing, unless the pedestrian is—
(a)  crossing, or helping another pedestrian to cross, an area of the road between tram tracks and the far left side of the road to get on, or after getting off, a tram or public bus, or
(b)  crossing to or from a safety zone, or
(c)  crossing at an intersection with traffic lights and a pedestrians may cross diagonally sign, or
(d)  crossing in a shared zone, or
(e)  crossing a road, or a part of a road, from which vehicles are excluded, either permanently or temporarily.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
Note.
 Intersection, public bus, traffic lights, tram and tram tracks are defined in the Dictionary, safety zone is defined in rule 162, and shared zone is defined in rule 24.
(2)  A pedestrian must not stay on a crossing on a road for longer than necessary to cross the road safely.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
(3)  Subrule (2) does not apply to a person who—
(a)  has been authorised to conduct a scheme under Division 5 (Child safety) of Part 3 of the Road Transport (General) Regulation 2013, and
(b)  is on the crossing for the purpose of carrying out the scheme.
Note 1.
 Subrule (3) is not uniform with the corresponding subrule in rule 234 of the Australian Road Rules. However, the corresponding subrule in the Australian Road Rules allows another law of this jurisdiction to permit a person who is helping pedestrians cross a road at a crossing to stay on the crossing for longer than is necessary for road safety. Different rules may apply in other Australian jurisdictions.
Note 2.
 Division 5 (Child safety) of Part 3 of the Road Transport (General) Regulation 2013 enables the Authority to authorise persons to conduct schemes designed to assist children to cross roads with safety.
(4)  In this rule—
crossing means a children’s crossing, marked foot crossing or pedestrian crossing.
Note.
 Children’s crossing is defined in rule 80, marked foot crossing is defined in the Dictionary, and pedestrian crossing is defined in rule 81.
 
Pedestrians may cross diagonally sign
235   Crossing a level crossing
(1)  A pedestrian must not cross a railway line, or tram tracks, at a level crossing unless—
(a)  there is a pedestrian facility at the crossing and the pedestrian uses the facility, or
(b)  there is no pedestrian facility at, or within 20 metres of, the crossing.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
Note 1.
 Level crossing is defined in rule 120.
Note 2.
 If the pedestrian facility is a footpath or shared path at which there is a red pedestrian light, rule 235A imposes further obligations on pedestrians using the facility.
(2)  A pedestrian must not cross a railway line, or tram tracks, at a level crossing if—
(a)  warning lights (for example, twin red lights or rotating red lights) are flashing or warning bells are ringing, or
(b)  a gate, boom or barrier at the crossing is closed or is opening or closing, or
(c)  a train or tram is on or entering the crossing, or
(d)  a train or tram approaching the crossing can be seen from the crossing or is sounding a warning, and there would be a danger of the pedestrian being struck by the train or tram if the pedestrian entered the crossing, or
(e)  the crossing, or a road beyond the crossing, is blocked.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
Example for subrule (2)(e).
 The crossing, or a road beyond the crossing, may be blocked by congested traffic, a disabled vehicle, a collision between vehicles or between a vehicle and a pedestrian, or by stock on the road.
Note.
 Enter and twin red lights are defined in the Dictionary.
(2A)  If any of the following events occurs after a pedestrian has started to cross a railway line, or tram tracks, at a level crossing, he or she must finish crossing the line or tracks without delay—
(a)  warning lights start flashing or warning bells start ringing,
(b)  a gate, boom or barrier starts to close,
(c)  a train or tram approaches the crossing.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
(3)  In this rule—
pedestrian facility means a footpath, bridge or other structure designed for the use of pedestrians.
Note.
 Footpath is defined in the Dictionary.
235A   Crossing a pedestrian level crossing that has a red pedestrian light
(1)  A pedestrian level crossing is an area where a footpath or shared path crosses a railway or tram tracks at substantially the same level.
Note.
 Footpath, shared path and tram tracks are defined in the Dictionary.
(2)  If a pedestrian approaches a pedestrian level crossing that has a red pedestrian light, he or she must not start to cross the crossing while the light is red.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
Note.
 Red pedestrian light is defined in the Dictionary.
(3)  If a red pedestrian light at a pedestrian level crossing appears after a pedestrian has started to cross the crossing, he or she must finish crossing the crossing without delay.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
Note.
 Red pedestrian light is defined in the Dictionary.
 
Red pedestrian light showing red pedestrian symbol
236   Pedestrians not to cause a traffic hazard or obstruction
(1)  A pedestrian must not cause a traffic hazard by moving into the path of a driver.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
(2)  A pedestrian must not unreasonably obstruct the path of any driver or another pedestrian.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
(3)  For subrule (2), a pedestrian does not unreasonably obstruct the path of another pedestrian only by travelling more slowly than other pedestrians.
(4)  A pedestrian must not stand on, or move onto, a road to—
(a)  solicit contributions, employment or business from an occupant of a vehicle, or
(b)  hitchhike, or
(c)  display an advertisement, or
(d)  sell or offer articles for sale, or
(e)  wash or clean, or offer to wash or clean, the windscreen of a vehicle.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
(5)  A driver, or a passenger, in or on a vehicle must not buy, or offer to buy, an article or service from a person standing on a road.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
(6)  Subrules (4) and (5) do not apply to the carrying on of an activity permitted by another law of this jurisdiction.
(7)  In this rule—
road includes any shoulder of the road, and any median strip, painted island or traffic island, but does not include any other road related area.
Note.
 Median strip, painted island and traffic island are defined in the Dictionary, shoulder is defined in rule 12, and road related area is defined in rule 13.
237   Getting on or into a moving vehicle
(1)  A person must not get on, or into, a moving vehicle unless—
(a)  the person is engaged in the door-to-door delivery or collection of goods, or in the collection of waste or garbage, and is required to get in or out of the vehicle, or on or off the vehicle, at frequent intervals, and
(b)  the vehicle is not travelling at a speed over 5 kilometres per hour.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
(2)  This rule does not apply to a person who is getting on or off a bicycle or animal.
Note 1.
 Bicycle is defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 Rule 269(1) prohibits a person getting off, or out of, a moving vehicle.
238   Pedestrians travelling along a road (except in or on a wheeled recreational device or toy)
(1)  A pedestrian must not travel along a road if there is a footpath or nature strip adjacent to the road, unless it is impracticable to travel on the footpath or nature strip.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
Note.
 Footpath and nature strip are defined in the Dictionary.
(2)  A pedestrian travelling along a road—
(a)  must keep as far to the left or right side of the road as is practicable, and
(ab)  must, when moving forward, face approaching traffic that is moving in the direction opposite to which the pedestrian is travelling, unless it is impracticable to do so, and
(b)  must not travel on the road alongside more than 1 other pedestrian or vehicle travelling on the road in the same direction as the pedestrian, unless the pedestrian is overtaking other pedestrians.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
(2A)  This rule does not apply to a pedestrian in a shared zone.
Note.
 Shared zone is defined in the Dictionary.
(3)  In this rule—
pedestrian does not include a person travelling in or on a wheeled recreational device or wheeled toy.
road does not include a road related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.
Note 1.
 Road related area is defined in rule 13, shoulder is defined in rule 12, and wheeled recreational device and wheeled toy are defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 Persons travelling on roads in or on wheeled recreational devices or wheeled toys are dealt with in rule 241.
239   Pedestrians on a bicycle path or separated footpath
(1)  A pedestrian must not be on a bicycle path, or a part of a separated footpath designated for the use of bicycles, unless the pedestrian—
(a)  is crossing the bicycle path or separated footpath by the shortest safe route, and
(b)  does not stay on the bicycle path or separated footpath for longer than necessary to cross the bicycle path or separated footpath safely.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
Note 1.
 Bicycle is defined in the Dictionary, and bicycle path and separated footpath are defined in subrule (4).
Note 2.
 Rule 336 deals with how parts of a separated footpath are designated for bicycle riders and pedestrians.
(2)  However, a pedestrian may be on a bicycle path, or a part of a separated footpath designated for the use of bicycles, if—
(a)  the pedestrian is—
(i)  in or pushing a wheelchair, or
(ii)  on rollerblades, rollerskates or a similar wheeled recreational device, and
(b)  there is no traffic control device, or information on or with a traffic control device, applying to the bicycle path or separated footpath that indicates that the pedestrian is not permitted to be on the bicycle path or the part of the separated footpath designated for the use of bicycles.
Note 1.
 Traffic control device, wheelchair, wheeled recreational device and with are defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 Rule 243(2) provides that a person travelling on rollerblades, rollerskates, or a similar wheeled recreational device, on a bicycle path, or a part of a separated footpath designated for the use of bicycles, must keep out of the path of any bicycle.
(3)  A pedestrian who is crossing a bicycle path, or a part of a separated footpath designated for the use of bicycles, must keep out of the path of any bicycle, or any pedestrian who is permitted under subrule (2) to be on the bicycle path, or the part of the separated footpath designated for the use of bicycles.
Maximum penalty—20 penalty units.
(4)  In these Rules—
bicycle path means a length of path beginning at a bicycle path sign or bicycle path road marking, and ending at the nearest of the following—
(a)  an end bicycle path sign or end bicycle path road marking,
(b)  a separated footpath sign or separated footpath road marking,
(c)  a road (except a road related area),
(d)  the end of the path.
Note.
 
Road related area is defined in rule 13.
bicycle path road marking means a road marking on a path, consisting of a bicycle symbol, the words “bicycles only”, or both the bicycle symbol and the word “only”.
Note.
 
Bicycle symbol is defined in the Dictionary.
end bicycle path road marking means a bicycle path road marking with the word “end”.
end separated footpath road marking means a separated footpath road marking with the word “end”.
separated footpath means a length of footpath beginning at a separated footpath sign or separated footpath road marking, and ending at the nearest of the following—
(a)  an end separated footpath sign or end separated footpath road marking,
(b)  a bicycle path sign or bicycle path road marking,
(c)  a no bicycles sign or no bicycles road marking,
(d)  a road (except a road related area),
(e)  the end of the footpath.
Note.
 
Footpath and no bicycles road marking are defined in the Dictionary.
separated footpath road marking means a road marking on a footpath consisting of a pedestrian symbol and a bicycle symbol side by side, with or without the word “only”.
Note.
 
Pedestrian symbol is defined in the Dictionary.
 
Bicycle path sign
End bicycle path sign
Separated footpath sign
End separated footpath sign
No bicycles sign
Note for diagrams.
 A separated footpath sign may have the pedestrian symbol and the bicycle symbol reversed—see rule 316(4).