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Contents (2014 - 758)
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Road Rules 2014
Current version for 8 September 2018 to date (accessed 11 December 2018 at 10:39)
Part 11 Division 6
Division 6 Driving in marked lanes designated for special purposes
153   Bicycle lanes
(1)  A driver (except the rider of a bicycle) must not drive in a bicycle lane, unless the driver is permitted to drive in the bicycle lane under this rule or rule 158.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note 1.
 Bicycle is defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 Rule 158 provides additional exceptions applying to this rule, and also provides a defence to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against this rule.
(2)  If stopping or parking is permitted at a place in a bicycle lane under another law of this jurisdiction, a driver may drive for up to 50 metres in the bicycle lane to stop or park at that place.
Note.
 Part 12 deals with parking and restricted stopping areas.
(3)  A driver may drive for up to 50 metres in a bicycle lane if:
(a)  the driver is driving a public bus, public minibus or taxi, and is dropping off or picking up, passengers, and
(b)  there is not another law of this jurisdiction prohibiting the driver from driving in the bicycle lane.
Note 1.
 Public bus and taxi are defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 The term public minibus is not a term that is used in this jurisdiction. The reference to that term in this subrule is retained in order to preserve uniformity with the Australian Road Rules.
(4)  A bicycle lane is a marked lane, or the part of a marked lane:
(a)  beginning at a bicycle lane sign applying to the lane, or a road marking comprising both a white bicycle symbol and the word lane painted in white, and
(b)  ending at the nearest of the following:
(i)  an end bicycle lane sign applying to the lane, or a road marking comprising both a white bicycle symbol and the words lane end painted in white,
(ii)  an intersection (unless the lane is at the unbroken side of the continuing road at a T-intersection or continued across the intersection by broken lines),
(iii)  if the road ends at a dead end—the end of the road.
Note.
 Continuing road, intersection, marked lane and T-intersection are defined in the Dictionary.
 
Bicycle lane sign
End bicycle lane sign
154   Bus lanes
(1)  A driver (except the driver of a public bus) must not drive in a bus lane, unless the driver is permitted to drive in the bus lane under rule 158.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note 1.
 Public bus is defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 Rule 158 provides additional exceptions applying to this rule, and also provides a defence to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against this rule.
(2)  A bus lane is a marked lane, or the part of a marked lane:
(a)  beginning at a bus lane sign (whether or not there is also a bus lane road marking) and ending at the nearest of the following:
(i)  an end bus lane sign,
(ii)  a traffic sign that indicates the beginning of another special purpose lane, or
(b)  beginning at a bus lane road marking (if there is no bus lane sign) and ending at the next intersection.
Note.
 Intersection, marked lane, special purpose lane and traffic sign are defined in the Dictionary.
(3)  In this rule:
bus lane road marking means a road marking consisting of:
(a)  the letters “BL”, or
(b)  the words “bus lane”, or
(c)  the words “bus only” or “buses only”.
Note.
 Road marking is defined in the Dictionary.
 
Bus lane signs
Bus lane sign
Bus lane sign
End bus lane signs
End bus lane sign
End bus lane sign
Note for diagrams.
 There are a number of other permitted versions of bus lane signs—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.
155   Tram lanes
(1)  A driver (except the driver of a tram, tram recovery vehicle or public bus) must not drive in a tram lane, unless the driver is permitted to drive in the tram lane under this rule or rule 158.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note 1.
 Public bus, tram and tram recovery vehicle are defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 Rule 158 provides additional exceptions applying to this rule, and also provides a defence to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against this rule.
(2)  A driver may drive in a tram lane if the driver is driving a truck and it is necessary for the driver to drive in the tram lane to reach a place to drop off, or pick up, passengers or goods.
(3)  A tram lane is a part of a road with tram tracks that:
(a)  is between a tram lane sign and an end tram lane sign, and
(b)  is marked along the left side of the tracks (when facing the direction of travel of a tram on the tracks) by a continuous yellow line parallel to the tracks.
Note.
 Tram tracks is defined in the Dictionary.
 
Tram lane sign
End tram lane sign
Example.
 
Tram lane
155A   Tramways
(1)  A driver (except the driver of a tram, tram recovery vehicle or public bus) must not drive in a tramway, unless the driver is permitted to drive in the tramway under subrule (2).
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note 1.
 Public bus, tram and tram recovery vehicle are defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 The exceptions and defence provided in rule 158 do not apply to tramways.
(2)  A driver may drive in a tramway if:
(a)  it is necessary for the driver to drive in the tramway to avoid an obstruction, and
(b)  when driving in the tramway, the driver does not move into the path of an approaching tram or public bus travelling in the tramway.
Note.
 Obstruction is defined in the Dictionary.
(3)  A tramway is a part of a road with tram tracks that:
(a)  is between a tramway sign and an end tramway sign, and
(b)  is marked along the left side of the tracks (when facing the direction of travel of a tram on the tracks) by either:
(i)  2 continuous yellow lines parallel to the tracks, or
(ii)  a structure (for example, a dividing strip, pedestrian refuge, traffic island, row of bollards or separation kerb), whether or not the structure is also being used to indicate a safety zone,
but does include any part of the road where vehicles are permitted to cross the tramway.
(4)  For the purposes of subparagraph (3) (b) (i), a line is to be considered to be continuous despite any break in it that is designed to permit vehicles to cross the tramway.
Note.
 Dividing strip, traffic island and tram tracks are defined in the Dictionary and safety zone is defined in rule 162.
 
Tramway sign
End tramway sign
Examples.
 
Tramway with double yellow line
Tramway with separation kerb
156   Transit lanes
(1)  A driver must not drive in a transit lane unless:
(a)  the driver is driving:
(i)  a public bus, public minibus, motor bike, taxi or tram, or
(ii)  if the transit lane sign applying to the transit lane is a transit lane (T2) sign—a vehicle carrying at least 1 other person, or
(iii)  if the transit lane sign applying to the transit lane is a transit lane (T3) sign—a vehicle carrying at least 2 other people, or
(b)  the driver is permitted to drive in the transit lane under rule 158.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note 1.
 Motor bike, public bus, taxi and tram are defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 The term public minibus is not a term that is used in this jurisdiction. The reference to that term in this subrule is retained in order to preserve uniformity with the Australian Road Rules.
Note 3.
 Rule 158 provides additional exceptions applying to this rule, and also provides a defence to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against this rule.
(2)  A transit lane is a marked lane, or the part of a marked lane:
(a)  beginning at a transit lane sign, and
(b)  ending at an end transit lane sign.
Note.
 Marked lane is defined in the Dictionary.
 
Transit lane signs
Transit lane (T2) sign
Transit lane (T3) sign
End transit lane signs
End transit lane (T2) sign
End transit lane (T3) sign
Note for diagrams.
 There are a number of other permitted versions of the transit lane sign—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.
157   Truck lanes
(1)  A driver (except the driver of a truck) must not drive in a truck lane, unless the driver is permitted to drive in the truck lane under rule 158.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note 1.
 Truck is defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 Rule 158 provides additional exceptions applying to this rule, and also provides a defence to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against this rule.
(2)  A truck lane is a marked lane, or the part of a marked lane:
(a)  beginning at a truck lane sign, and
(b)  ending at an end truck lane sign.
Note.
 Marked lane is defined in the Dictionary.
 
Truck lane sign
End truck lane sign
157–1   NSW rule: T-Way lanes
(1)  A driver (except the driver of an authorised T-Way vehicle) must not drive in a T-Way lane.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
(2)  A driver (except the driver of an authorised T-Way vehicle) must not stop in a T-Way lane.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
(3)  A T-Way lane is a marked lane, or part of a marked lane:
(a)  beginning with a T-Way lane sign, and
(b)  ending with the nearest of the following:
(i)  an end T-Way lane sign,
(ii)  an intersection.
Note.
 Marked lane and intersection are defined in the Dictionary.
 
T-Way lane sign
End T-Way lane sign
(4)  In this rule:
authorised T-Way vehicle means a vehicle (or a vehicle belonging to a class of vehicles) approved by the Authority that displays in a prominent position on the vehicle adjacent to each number-plate an authorised T-Way vehicle label or plate.
Authorised T-Way vehicle label or plate
Note for diagram.
 This label or plate is displayed on certain vehicles.
Note 1.
 Authority is defined in the Act.
Note 2.
 This rule is an additional NSW road rule. There is no corresponding rule in the Australian Road Rules.
158   Exceptions to driving in special purpose lanes etc
(1)  The driver of any vehicle may drive for up to the permitted distance in a bicycle lane, bus lane, tram lane, transit lane or truck lane if it is necessary for the driver to drive in the lane:
(a)  to enter or leave the road, or
(b)  to enter a part of the road of one kind from a part of the road of another kind (for example, moving to or from a service road, the shoulder of the road or an emergency stopping lane), or
(c)  to overtake a vehicle that is turning right, or making a U-turn from the centre of the road, and is giving a right change of direction signal, or
(d)  to enter a marked lane, or part of the road where there is room for a line of traffic (other than motor bikes, bicycles, motorised wheelchairs or animals), from the side of the road.
Note 1.
 Permitted distance is defined in subrule (4).
Note 2.
 Bicycle lane is defined in rule 153, bus lane is defined in rule 154, emergency stopping lane is defined in rule 95, centre of the road, marked lane, overtake, right change of direction signal, service road and U-turn are defined in the Dictionary, shoulder is defined in rule 12, tram lane is defined in rule 155, transit lane is defined in rule 156, and truck lane is defined in rule 157.
Note 3.
 A driver must keep clear of a tram travelling in a tram lane—see rule 76.
(1–1)  Subrule (1) does not apply to a driver in a bus only lane.
Note.
 This subrule is an additional NSW subrule. There is no corresponding subrule in rule 158 of the Australian Road Rules.
(2)  The driver of any vehicle may drive in a bicycle lane, bus lane, tram lane, transit lane or truck lane if:
(a)  it is necessary for the driver to drive in the lane to avoid an obstruction, or
(b)  information on or with a traffic sign applying to the lane indicates that the driver may drive in the lane, or
(c)  the driver is:
(i)  riding a bicycle in a bus lane (other than a bus only lane), tram lane, transit lane or truck lane, or
(ii)  driving a taxi or motor bike in a bus lane (other than a bus only lane), or
(iia)  before 30 June 2020, driving a hire vehicle (within the meaning of the Point to Point Transport (Taxis and Hire Vehicles) Act 2016) to which is affixed an HC number-plate issued by the Authority in a transit lane or bus lane (other than a bus only lane) while the vehicle is being used for the purpose of providing a passenger service under that Act, or
(iii)  driving a special purpose vehicle in a bus lane, tram lane, transit lane or truck lane, or
(iv)  driving a motor breakdown service vehicle in a transit lane and is responding to an urgent or priority call, or
(v)  driving a police vehicle, ambulance or fire brigade vehicle in a transit lane or bus lane (other than a bus only lane) while returning to base after proceeding to the scene of an accident or other emergency, or
(vi)  driving a vehicle in a bus lane (other than a bus only lane), tram lane, transit lane or truck lane where the vehicle is being operated by or at the direction of the Authority for the purpose of conducting road and traffic surveys.
Note 1.
 Obstruction, traffic sign and with are defined in the Dictionary, and Authority is defined in the Act.
Note 2.
 Subrule (2) (c) is not uniform with the corresponding paragraph in rule 158 of the Australian Road Rules. However, the corresponding paragraph in the Australian Road Rules allows another law of this jurisdiction to permit a driver to drive in special purpose lanes. Different rules may apply in other Australian jurisdictions.
(3)  It is a defence to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against a provision of this Division for driving in a bicycle lane, bus lane, tram lane, transit lane or truck lane if:
(a)  it is necessary for the driver to drive in the lane to stop at a place in the lane, and
(b)  the driver is permitted to stop at that place under these Rules or another law of this jurisdiction, or it is a defence under rule 165 for the driver to stop at that place, and
(c)  if the lane is a bicycle lane—the driver drives in the lane for no more than the permitted distance.
Note.
 Rule 165 provides a defence to the prosecution of a driver for an offence against a provision of Part 12 (Restrictions on stopping and parking). The defence is available, for example, if the driver needs to stop to deal with a medical or other emergency.
(4)  In this rule:
bus only lane means:
(a)  a bus lane beginning at a bus lane sign where the words “bus only” or “buses only” appear on or with the sign, or
(b)  a bus lane beginning at a bus lane road marking where the road marking consists of the words “bus only” or “buses only”.
Note 1.
 
Bus lane and bus lane road marking are defined in rule 154.
Note 2.
 There is no corresponding definition for this term for the purposes of rule 158 of the Australian Road Rules. The definition is required for the purposes of subrule (2) (c).
permitted distance means:
(a)  for a bicycle lane or a tram lane—50 metres, or
(b)  for any other lane—100 metres.
special purpose vehicle means a motor vehicle (whether a tow truck, a vehicle used for repairing traffic control light signals or another vehicle) being operated by or at the direction of the Authority and proceeding to the scene of an accident or other emergency.
Note 1.
 
Authority is defined in the Act.
Note 2.
 There is no corresponding definition for this term for the purposes of rule 158 of the Australian Road Rules. The definition is required for the purposes of subrule (2) (c).
159   Marked lanes required to be used by particular kinds of vehicles
(1)  If information on or with a traffic sign applying to a length of road indicates that a vehicle of a particular kind must drive in a particular marked lane, a driver driving a vehicle of that kind on the length of road must drive in the indicated lane, unless the driver is:
(a)  avoiding an obstruction, or
(b)  obeying a traffic control device applying to the indicated lane, or
(c)  permitted to drive in the indicated lane and also another marked lane under another provision of these Rules or under another law of this jurisdiction, or
(d)  intending to turn off the road or to make a U-turn, and in order to do so safely without disrupting other vehicles on the road it is necessary to position the vehicle in another lane before starting the turn, or to make the turn.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note 1.
 Length of road, marked lane, obstruction, traffic control device, traffic sign and with are defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 An overhead lane control device may require a driver to leave a marked lane—see rule 152.
Note 3.
 Drivers of certain long vehicles are permitted to use 2 marked lanes when turning at an intersection—see rule 28 (left turns) and rule 32 (right turns).
(2)  A traffic sign mentioned in this rule that is on a road applies to the length of road beginning at the sign and ending at the nearest of the following:
(a)  a traffic sign or road marking on the road that indicates that the first traffic sign no longer applies,
(b)  the next intersection on the road,
(c)  if the road ends at a T-intersection or dead end—the end of the road.
Note 1.
 Intersection, road marking, T-intersection and traffic sign are defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 Rule 322 (1) and (2) deal with the meaning of a traffic sign on a road.
Examples of a traffic sign mentioned in the rule and a traffic sign indicating that the first traffic sign no longer applies.
 
Trucks use left lane sign
End trucks use left lane sign
Note for diagrams.
 There are other permitted versions of these signs—see the diagrams in Schedule 3.