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Contents (2014 - 758)
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Road Rules 2014
Current version for 5 July 2019 to date (accessed 23 September 2019 at 08:55)
Part 11 Division 3
Division 3 Overtaking
140   No overtaking unless safe to do so
A driver must not overtake a vehicle unless:
(a)  the driver has a clear view of any approaching traffic, and
(b)  the driver can safely overtake the vehicle.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note 1.
 Approaching, overtake and traffic are defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 A driver is not permitted to overtake another vehicle by crossing a single continuous dividing line only, a single continuous dividing line to the left of a broken dividing line or 2 parallel continuous dividing lines—see rules 134 (2) and 132 (2).
141   No overtaking etc to the left of a vehicle
(1)  A driver (except the rider of a bicycle) must not overtake a vehicle to the left of the vehicle unless:
(a)  the driver is driving on a multi-lane road and the vehicle can be safely overtaken in a marked lane to the left of the vehicle, or
(b)  the vehicle is turning right, or making a U-turn from the centre of the road, and is giving a right change of direction signal and it is safe to overtake to the left of the vehicle, or
(c)  the vehicle is stationary and it is safe to overtake to the left of the vehicle.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note.
 Bicycle, centre of the road, marked lane, multi-lane road, overtake, right change of direction signal and U-turn are defined in the Dictionary.
(2)  The rider of a bicycle must not ride past, or overtake, to the left of a vehicle that is turning left and is giving a left change of direction signal.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note.
 Left change of direction signal is defined in the Dictionary.
(3)  In this rule:
turning right does not include making a hook turn.
vehicle does not include a tram, a bus travelling along tram tracks, or any vehicle displaying a do not overtake turning vehicle sign.
Note 1.
 Bus, tram and travelling along tram tracks are defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 Part 4, Division 3 deals with making hook turns.
Note 3.
 Division 7 of this Part deals with overtaking and passing trams (and buses travelling along tram tracks). Rule 143 deals with overtaking or passing a vehicle displaying a do not overtake turning vehicle sign.
142   No overtaking to the right of a vehicle turning right etc
(1)  A driver must not overtake to the right of a vehicle if the vehicle is turning right, or making a U-turn from the centre of the road, and is giving a right change of direction signal.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note.
 Centre of the road, overtake, right change of direction signal and U-turn are defined in the Dictionary.
(2)  In this rule:
turning right does not include making a hook turn.
vehicle does not include a tram, a bus travelling along tram tracks, or any vehicle displaying a do not overtake turning vehicle sign.
Note 1.
 Bus, tram and travelling along tram tracks are defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2.
 Part 4, Division 3 deals with making hook turns.
Note 3.
 Division 7 of this Part deals with overtaking and passing trams (and buses travelling along tram tracks). Rule 143 deals with overtaking or passing a vehicle displaying a do not overtake turning vehicle sign.
143   Passing or overtaking a vehicle displaying a do not overtake turning vehicle sign
(1)  A driver must not drive past, or overtake, to the left of a vehicle displaying a do not overtake turning vehicle sign if the vehicle is turning left and is giving a left change of direction signal, unless it is safe to do so.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note.
 Left change of direction signal and overtake are defined in the Dictionary.
(1A)  A driver must not drive past, or overtake, to the left of a vehicle displaying a do not overtake turning vehicle sign unless:
(a)  the driver is driving on a multi-lane road and the vehicle can be safely overtaken in a marked lane to the left of the vehicle, or
(b)  the vehicle is turning right, or making a U-turn from the centre of the road, and is giving a right change of direction signal and it is safe to overtake to the left of the vehicle, or
(c)  the vehicle is stationary and it is safe to overtake to the left of the vehicle.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note.
 Centre of the road, marked lane, multi-lane road, overtake, right change of direction signal and U-turn are defined in the Dictionary.
(2)  A driver must not drive past, or overtake, to the right of a vehicle displaying a do not overtake turning vehicle sign if the vehicle is turning right, or making a U-turn from the centre of the road, and is giving a right change of direction signal, unless it is safe to do so.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Example.
 A driver driving on a multi-lane road who is turning right at an intersection to which a right turn only sign applies may drive past a vehicle displaying a do not overtake turning vehicle sign that is turning right from another marked lane, and giving a right change of direction signal, if it is safe to do so.
Note.
 Centre of the road, right change of direction signal and U-turn are defined in the Dictionary.
(3)  In this rule:
turning right does not include making a hook turn.
Note.
 Part 4, Division 3 deals with making hook turns.
 
Do not overtake turning vehicle signs
Note 1 for diagrams.
 These signs are displayed on certain long vehicles.
Note 2 for diagrams.
 These signs must comply with the size requirements set out in rule 316–1.
144   Keeping a safe distance when overtaking
A driver overtaking a vehicle:
(a)  must pass the vehicle at a sufficient distance to avoid a collision with the vehicle or obstructing the path of the vehicle, and
(b)  must not return to the marked lane or line of traffic where the vehicle is travelling until the driver is a sufficient distance past the vehicle to avoid a collision with the vehicle or obstructing the path of the vehicle.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note.
 Marked lane and overtake are defined in the Dictionary.
144–1   NSW rule: keeping a safe distance when passing bicycle rider
(1)  The driver of a motor vehicle driving past to the right of a bicycle that is travelling on a road in the same direction as the motor vehicle must pass the bicycle at a safe distance from the bicycle.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
(2)  A safe distance from the bicycle is:
(a)  if the speed limit applying to the driver of the motor vehicle for the length of the road is not more than 60 kilometres per hour—a distance of at least 1 metre, or
(b)  if the speed limit applying to the driver of the motor vehicle for the length of the road is more than 60 kilometres per hour—a distance of at least 1.5 metres,
measured laterally from the furthest right side of the bicycle to the furthest left side of the motor vehicle or any part of the vehicle (including anything attached to or projecting from the vehicle).
(3)  For the purposes of subrule (2), bicycle includes any bicycle trailer towed by the bicycle, the rider or any passenger on the bicycle or in or on the trailer and any basket or pannier bags attached to the bicycle or trailer, but does not include any flag or stick (whether or not flexible) attached to and projecting sideways from the bicycle or trailer.
Note.
 This rule is an additional NSW rule. There is no corresponding rule in the Australian Road Rules.
144–2   NSW rule: exceptions for passing bicycle rider
(1)  The driver of a motor vehicle driving past to the right of a bicycle that is travelling on a road in the same direction as the motor vehicle may, if it is necessary in order to comply with rule 144–1 while passing the bicycle, do any of the following but only if the driver can do so safely and has a clear view of any approaching traffic:
(a)  if the driver is driving on a two-way road without a dividing line or median strip—drive to the right of the centre of the road,
(b)  if the driver is driving on a road with a dividing line—drive to the right of the dividing line,
(c)  drive:
(i)  on a dividing strip that is at the same level as the road, or
(ii)  on or over a single continuous line, or 2 parallel continuous lines, along a side of or surrounding a painted island,
(d)  if the driver is driving on a multi-lane road—drive so that the driver’s vehicle is not completely in a marked lane,
(e)  if the driver is driving on a road with 2 or more lines of traffic travelling in the same direction as the driver, but without marked lanes—drive so that the driver’s vehicle is not completely in a single line of traffic,
(f)  if the driver is driving on a multi-lane road—move from one marked lane to another marked lane across a continuous line separating the lanes.
(2)  Subrule (1) has effect despite anything in rule 132, 137, 138, 146 or 147.
(3)  For the purposes of subrule (1) (c), a dividing strip does not include a painted island and is taken to be at the same level as the road even if the dividing strip contains 1 or more raised pavement bars or markers.
Note.
 This rule is an additional NSW rule. There is no corresponding rule in the Australian Road Rules.
145   Driver being overtaken not to increase speed
If a driver is overtaking another driver on a two-way road by crossing a dividing line, or crossing to the right of the centre of the road, the other driver must not increase the speed at which the driver is driving until the first driver:
(a)  has passed the other driver, and
(b)  has returned to the marked lane or line of traffic where the other driver is driving, and
(c)  is a sufficient distance in front of the other driver to avoid a collision.
Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.
Note.
 Centre of the road, dividing line, marked lane, overtake and two-way road are defined in the Dictionary.