Biodiversity Conservation Act 2016 No 63
Name of Act
This Act is the Biodiversity Conservation Act 2016.
This Act commences on a day or days to be appointed by proclamation.
Purpose of Act
The purpose of this Act is to maintain a healthy, productive and resilient environment for the greatest well-being of the community, now and into the future, consistent with the principles of ecologically sustainable development (described in section 6 (2) of the Protection of the Environment Administration Act 1991), and in particular:to conserve biodiversity at bioregional and State scales, andto maintain the diversity and quality of ecosystems and enhance their capacity to adapt to change and provide for the needs of future generations, andto improve, share and use knowledge, including local and traditional Aboriginal ecological knowledge, about biodiversity conservation, andto support biodiversity conservation in the context of a changing climate, andto support collating and sharing data, and monitoring and reporting on the status of biodiversity and the effectiveness of conservation actions, andto assess the extinction risk of species and ecological communities, and identify key threatening processes, through an independent and rigorous scientific process, andto regulate human interactions with wildlife by applying a risk-based approach, andto support conservation and threat abatement action to slow the rate of biodiversity loss and conserve threatened species and ecological communities in nature, andto support and guide prioritised and strategic investment in biodiversity conservation, andto encourage and enable landholders to enter into voluntary agreements over land for the conservation of biodiversity, andto establish a framework to avoid, minimise and offset the impacts of proposed development and land use change on biodiversity, andto establish a scientific method for assessing the likely impacts on biodiversity values of proposed development and land use change, for calculating measures to offset those impacts and for assessing improvements in biodiversity values, andto establish market-based conservation mechanisms through which the biodiversity impacts of development and land use change can be offset at landscape and site scales, andto support public consultation and participation in biodiversity conservation and decision-making about biodiversity conservation, andto make expert advice and knowledge available to assist the Minister in the administration of this Act.
Application of Act to terrestrial environment
This Act applies in relation to animals and plants and not (unless otherwise provided) in relation to fish and marine vegetation.The Fisheries Management Act 1994 contains provisions in relation to fish and marine vegetation.
Biodiversity and biodiversity values for purposes of Act
For the purposes of this Act, is the variety of living animal and plant life from all sources, and includes diversity within and between species and diversity of ecosystems.For the purposes of this Act, are the following biodiversity values:vegetation integrity—being the degree to which the composition, structure and function of vegetation at a particular site and the surrounding landscape has been altered from a near natural state,habitat suitability—being the degree to which the habitat needs of threatened species are present at a particular site,biodiversity values, or biodiversity-related values, prescribed by the regulations.
In this Act:, in relation to the preparation of biodiversity assessment reports, means a person accredited under section 6.10 to prepare those reports in accordance with the biodiversity assessment method.means any animal, whether vertebrate or invertebrate and in any stage of biological development, but does not include:humans, orSome types of fish may be included in the definition ofand some types of animals may be included in the definition of . See section 14.7.and —see section 1.5.means the biodiversity assessment method established under Part 6.means a biodiversity stewardship site assessment report, a biodiversity development assessment report or a biodiversity certification assessment report prepared by an accredited person.means biodiversity certification conferred on land under Part 8 and means land on which biodiversity certification has been conferred and is in force under Part 8.means a biodiversity conservation licence issued under Division 3 of Part 2 and in force.or means the Biodiversity Conservation Trust of New South Wales established by Part 10.means a biodiversity credit created by (and in accordance with) a biodiversity stewardship agreement.—see section 6.2.means a biodiversity stewardship agreement made under Division 2 of Part 5.means the Biodiversity Stewardship Payments Fund established by Division 7 of Part 6.means the land that is designated by a biodiversity stewardship agreement to be a biodiversity stewardship site for the purposes of this Act.habitat includes damage caused by:removing or relocating any part of the habitat, andactivities that prevent the continued use of the habitat by animals.means an area declared under Part 3.means an assemblage of species occupying a particular area.means the Chief Executive of the Office of Environment and Heritage.includes a power, authority or duty, and a function includes perform a duty.includes:an area periodically or occasionally occupied by a species or ecological community, andthe biotic and abiotic components of an area.an animal includes kill, injure or capture the animal, but does not include harm by changing the habitat of the animal, and an animal includes hunting or pursuing, or using anything, for the purpose of harming the animal.means a threatening process listed in Schedule 4.means a person who is the owner of land or who, whether by reason of ownership or otherwise, is in lawful occupation or possession, or has lawful management or control, of land.for a biodiversity stewardship site, means an action (or refraining from an action) on the site in respect of which a biodiversity credit may be created.means mangroves, seagrasses or any other species of plant that at any time in its life cycle must inhabit water (other than fresh water).Local Land Services Act 2013.and native vegetation have the same meanings as in Part 5A of theUnder that Part of that Act, the clearing of dead or non-native plants on certain vulnerable land is taken to be the clearing of native vegetation.means any of the following provisions and any regulations or other instruments or requirements issued or made under those provisions:means any offence under the native vegetation legislation.of land includes:every person who, either at law or in equity:is entitled to the land for any estate of freehold in possession, orCrown Land Management Act 2016 or any other Act relating to the alienation of lands of the Crown, oris a person to whom the Crown has lawfully contracted to sell the land under theis entitled to receive, or is in receipt of, or if the land were let to a tenant would be entitled to receive, the rents and profits in respect of the land, whether as beneficial owner, trustee, mortgagee in possession or otherwise, andbut (unless the regulations otherwise provide) does not include a beneficiary of a trust relating to the land.any other person who, under the regulations, is taken to be the owner of the land,a plant includes gather, take, cut, remove from the ground, destroy, poison, crush or injure the plant or any part of the plant.means any plant, whether vascular or non-vascular and in any stage of biological development, and includes fungi and lichens, but does not include marine vegetation.Some types of marine vegetation may be included in the definition ofand some types of plants may be included in the definition of . See section 14.7.means a biodiversity stewardship agreement, a conservation agreement or a wildlife refuge agreement under Part 5.means an animal of a species listed or referred to in Schedule 5.Some protected animals may also be threatened species of animals, but not all threatened species of animals are protected animals.means a plant of a species listed or referred to in Schedule 6.Some protected plants may also be threatened species of plants, but not all threatened species of plants are protected plants.means any public or local authority constituted by or under an Act, a Public Service agency, a NSW Government agency or a State owned corporation, and includes a person exercising any function on behalf of the authority, agency or corporation and any person or body declared by the regulations to be a public authority.includes:a defined subspecies, anda taxon below a subspecies, anda recognisable variant of a subspecies or taxon, anda population of a particular species (being a group of organisms, all of the same species, occupying a particular area).means a critically endangered ecological community, an endangered ecological community or a vulnerable ecological community listed in Schedule 2.means a critically endangered species, an endangered species or a vulnerable species listed in Schedule 1.or means the Threatened Species Scientific Committee established by Division 7 of Part 4.means a process that threatens, or that may threaten, the survival or evolutionary development of species or ecological communities., , , or , in relation to an offence, indicates the maximum monetary penalty that a court may impose for the offence—see section 13.1 for the relevant maximum amounts.The Interpretation Act 1987 contains definitions and other provisions that affect the interpretation and application of this Act.Conveyancing Act 1919, a reference to a prescribed authority (within the meaning of those sections) or a person entitled to exercise, on behalf of the Crown, the functions of a prescribed authority under those sections.In this Act, a reference to a person entitled to the benefit of a covenant includes, in the case of a covenant imposed under section 88D or 88E of theNotes included in this Act do not form part of this Act.