You are using a version of the website built for webcrawlers and people whose devices cannot use javascript.
Some functionality will not be available.

Fines Further Amendment Act 2008 No 110


Status information

Currency of version
Repealed version for 8 January 2010 to 31 March 2010 (accessed 25 June 2019 at 04:30)
Legislation on this site is usually updated within 3 working days after a change to the legislation.

Provisions in force
The provisions displayed in this version of the legislation have all commenced. See Historical Notes

Repeal:
The Act was repealed by sec 5 of this Act with effect from 1.4.2010.

Authorisation
This version of the legislation is compiled and maintained in a database of legislation by the Parliamentary Counsel's Office and published on the NSW legislation website, and is certified as the form of that legislation that is correct under section 45C of the Interpretation Act 1987.

File last modified 1 April 2010.

Fines Further Amendment Act 2008 No 110


Contents

Fines Further Amendment Act 2008 No 110

An Act to amend the Fines Act 1996 and other laws to make provision with respect to fines and their enforcement; and for other purposes.
1   Name of Act
This Act is the Fines Further Amendment Act 2008.
2   Commencement
(1)  This Act commences on a day or days to be appointed by proclamation, except as provided by subsection (2).
(2)  Sections 1–5 and Schedules 1 [2], [9], [20], [24]–[28], [30] (except to the extent that it inserts section 101B (1) (a)), [31] (except to the extent that it inserts section 101B (6) (a)) and [34]–[36], 2.1 and 2.2 [1]–[3] and [5]–[8] commence on the date of assent to this Act.
3   Amendment of Fines Act 1996 No 99
The Fines Act 1996 is amended as set out in Schedule 1.
4   Amendment of other Acts and Regulations
Each Act and Regulation specified in Schedule 2 is amended as set out in that Schedule.
5   Repeal of Act
(1)  This Act is repealed on the day following the day on which all of the provisions of this Act have commenced.
(2)  The repeal of this Act does not, because of the operation of section 30 of the Interpretation Act 1987, affect any amendment made by this Act.
Schedule 1 Amendment of Fines Act 1996
(Section 3)
[1]   Section 3 Definitions
Insert in alphabetical order in section 3 (1):
  
issuing agency, in relation to a penalty notice or official caution, means the agency in or by which the appropriate officer who issued the penalty notice or gave the caution is employed or engaged.
penalty notice offence—see section 19A.
person in receipt of a Government benefit means:
(a)  a person in receipt of a pension or other benefit paid by the Commonwealth being a pension or benefit of a kind approved by the State Debt Recovery Office, or
(b)  a person belonging to a class of persons prescribed by the regulations.
reviewing agency, in relation to a penalty notice, means the State Debt Recovery Office or the issuing agency.
work and development order—see section 99A.
[2]   (Repealed)
[3]   Section 13 Referral for a court fine enforcement order
Omit “if the fine has not been paid by the due date.” from section 13 (1).
Insert instead:
  
if:
(a)  the fine has not been paid by the due date, or
(b)  the person is in receipt of a Government benefit and is seeking an order under section 100 (Time to pay) in relation to the fine, or
(c)  the person is seeking a work and development order in relation to the fine.
[4]   Section 14 When an order may be made
Insert after section 14 (1):
  
(1A)  Despite subsection (1), a court fine enforcement order may also be made if a court has imposed a fine on a person and:
(a)  the person is in receipt of a Government benefit and is seeking an order under section 100 (Time to pay) in relation to the fine, or
(b)  the person is seeking a work and development order in relation to the fine.
(1B)  The State Debt Recovery Office must not make a court fine enforcement order under subsection (1A) unless it determines to make the order under section 100, or the work and development order, sought by the person.
(1C)  If the State Debt Recovery Office does not make a court fine enforcement order in respect of a matter referred to it by a registrar under section 13 (1) (b) or (c), it is to refer the matter back to the registrar.
[5]   Section 19 Summary of penalty notice procedure
Insert after section 19 (1) (a):
  
(a1)  Determine whether to give official caution rather than penalty noticeThe appropriate officer determines whether to issue a penalty notice or whether an official caution would be more appropriate (see Division 1A).
[6]   Section 19 (1) (b)
Omit “A penalty”.
Insert instead “If it is determined that it is not appropriate to give an official caution, a penalty”.
[7]   Section 19 (1) (b1)
Insert after section 19 (1) (b):
  
(b1)  Internal reviewA reviewing agency may conduct a review of the decision to issue the penalty notice. If a review is conducted, the agency may withdraw the penalty notice or confirm the decision and issue a penalty reminder notice (see Division 2A).
[8]   Part 3, Division 1A
Insert after Division 1:
  
Division 1A Official cautions
19A   Appropriate officer may give official caution
(1)  An appropriate officer may give a person an official caution instead of issuing a penalty notice if the appropriate officer believes:
(a)  on reasonable grounds that the person has committed an offence under a statutory provision for which a penalty notice may be issued (a penalty notice offence), and
(b)  that it is appropriate to give an official caution in the circumstances.
(2)  In making a decision under subsection (1), an appropriate officer (other than a police officer) must have regard to the applicable guidelines relating to the giving of official cautions in respect of penalty notice offences.
(3)  In this section:
guidelines means guidelines:
(a)  issued by the Attorney General that are published in the Gazette and made available on the internet site of the State Debt Recovery Office, or
(b)  issued by the relevant issuing agency that are consistent with the guidelines issued by the Attorney General.
19B   Official caution does not affect other powers
An official caution in relation to a penalty notice offence does not affect the power of an appropriate officer or issuing agency to:
(a)  commence proceedings against the person to whom the official caution was given, or
(b)  issue a penalty notice in relation to the offence, or
(c)  take no further action, or
(d)  take any other specified action permitted under this Act or the Act that establishes the penalty notice offence.
[9]   (Repealed)
[10]   Part 3, Division 2A
Insert after Division 2:
  
Division 2A Internal review
24A   Application for review of penalty notice
(1)  An application may be made by or on behalf of any person for a review of the decision to issue a penalty notice in respect of the person.
(2)  An application for a review:
(a)  is to be made in writing to the issuing agency for the penalty notice or to the State Debt Recovery Office (if the fine under the penalty notice is payable to the State Debt Recovery Office), and
(b)  is to include the mailing address of the applicant and the grounds on which the review is sought (including supporting evidence).
(3)  An application for a review may be made at any time up until the due date specified in the penalty reminder notice for payment in relation to the offence concerned even if the whole or part of the amount payable under the penalty notice has been paid.
(4)  The regulations may make provision for or with respect to applications under this section.
24B   Circumstances when agency is not required to conduct a review
(1)  An agency that receives an application for a review of a decision to issue a penalty notice is not required to conduct a review of the decision under this Division in any of the following circumstances:
(a)  the agency notifies the applicant in writing, within 10 days after receiving the application, that it has decided not to conduct a review under this Division and gives reasons for its decision,
(b)  a review of the decision has already been conducted under this Division,
(c)  such other circumstances as may be prescribed by the regulations.
(2)  An agency that decides not to conduct a review may take such other action as it sees fit, including withdrawing the penalty notice to which an application relates.
24C   Review by reviewing agency
(1)  Except as provided by section 24B, an agency that receives an application for review under this Division must conduct a review in accordance with this Division.
(2)  The reviewing agency is to ensure that a review under this Division is conducted by a person who was not involved in making the decision that is the subject of the review.
24D   Request for additional information
(1)  When conducting a review under this Division, a reviewing agency may request, in writing, additional information from the applicant.
(2)  The additional information must be provided by the applicant to the reviewing agency within 14 days of the request.
(3)  If the information is not provided within the time specified, the review may be conducted without that information.
24E   Outcome of review
(1)  After reviewing a decision under this Division, a reviewing agency may confirm the decision to issue a penalty notice or may withdraw the penalty notice.
(2)  A reviewing agency must withdraw a penalty notice if it finds any of the following grounds to be made out:
(a)  the penalty notice was issued contrary to law,
(b)  the issue of the penalty notice involved a mistake of identity,
(c)  the penalty notice should not have been issued, having regard to the exceptional circumstances relating to the offence,
(d)  the person to whom the penalty notice was issued is unable, because the person has an intellectual disability, a mental illness, a cognitive impairment or is homeless:
(i)  to understand that the person’s conduct constituted an offence, or
(ii)  to control such conduct,
(e)  an official caution should have been given instead of a penalty notice, having regard to the relevant guidelines under section 19A,
(f)  any other ground prescribed by the regulations.
(3)  A reviewing agency may, at its discretion, also decide to withdraw a penalty notice on a ground other than those specified in subsection (2).
(4)  A reviewing agency is to notify the applicant in writing of the outcome of the review within 42 days of receipt of the application, or within 56 days if additional information has been requested under this Division.
24F   Action to be taken if decision to issue penalty notice is confirmed
(1)  If, after a review under this Division, a reviewing agency confirms a decision to issue a penalty notice in respect of an offence by a person, it must, in accordance with Division 3, serve a penalty reminder notice in respect of the offence on the person.
(2)  A penalty reminder notice served under subsection (1) replaces any previous penalty reminder notice in respect of the offence.
(3)  If a penalty reminder notice served under subsection (1) replaces a previous penalty reminder notice, the time for serving the statement under section 36 (2) (a) continues to be the time specified in the penalty reminder notice that has been replaced.
24G   Effect of withdrawal of penalty notice
(1)  If a reviewing agency withdraws a penalty notice, following a review under this Division or otherwise, it may, if it considers it appropriate to do so, give an official caution to the person in accordance with Division 1A as if it were an appropriate officer.
(2)  If a penalty notice is withdrawn:
(a)  any penalty reminder notice, in respect of the offence to which the penalty notice relates, is also taken to be withdrawn, and
(b)  if all or part of the amount under the penalty notice or penalty reminder notice has been paid:
(i)  any action taken to record demerit points against a person in the demerit points register kept under the Road Transport (Driver Licensing) Act 1998 because of that payment is to be reversed by the Roads and Traffic Authority, and
(ii)  the amount that has been paid is repayable to the person to whom the penalty notice was directed.
24H   Agency may review a decision on its own motion
(1)  Nothing in this Division limits the power of a reviewing agency to review a decision to issue a penalty notice, or withdraw a penalty notice, on its own motion.
(2)  If a reviewing agency withdraws a penalty notice on its own motion after the amount under the penalty notice (or a penalty reminder notice in respect of the offence to which the penalty notice relates) has been paid, no person is liable to any further proceedings for the alleged offence.
24I   Review terminated if matter dealt with by court
If a person elects to have a matter dealt with by a court under this Part while a review under this Division is in progress, the review is terminated on the person making that election.
24J   Reviewing agencies may enter into arrangements with respect to functions under Division
A reviewing agency may enter into arrangements with another person or body under which the functions of the agency under this Division are exercised by that person or body on behalf of the agency.
[11]   Section 27 What a penalty reminder notice must say
Insert after section 27 (1) (a):
  
(a1)  of the steps to be taken for seeking a review of the decision to issue the penalty notice, and
[12]   Section 42 When a penalty notice enforcement order may be made
Insert after section 42 (1) (a):
  
(a1)  any review to be conducted under Division 2A has been completed and the applicant has been notified of the outcome of the review, and
[13]   Section 42 (1) (b)
Omit the paragraph. Insert instead:
  
(b)  a penalty reminder notice has been served on the person:
(i)  after the end of the time specified in the penalty notice as the time within which the amount payable under the notice may be paid, or
(ii)  if a review has been conducted under Division 2A, after that review, and
[14]   Section 42 (1AA)–(1CC)
Insert after section 42 (1):
  
(1AA)  Despite subsection (1), the State Debt Recovery Office may also make a penalty notice enforcement order if it receives, in respect of an amount owed by a person under a penalty notice, an application by the person:
(a)  for an order under section 100 (Time to pay) in relation to the amount and the person is in receipt of a Government benefit, or
(b)  for a work and development order in relation to the amount.
(1BB)  The State Debt Recovery Office is not to make a penalty notice enforcement order under subsection (1AA) unless it determines to make the order under section 100, or the work and development order, sought by the person.
(1CC)  On the making of an order under subsection (1AA):
(a)  the person who has been served with the penalty notice to which the order relates can no longer elect to have the matter dealt with by a court in accordance with section 23A, and
(b)  the decision to issue the penalty notice can no longer be reviewed under Division 2A.
[15]   Section 42 (1A) (c)
Insert at the end of section 42 (1A) (b):
  
, or
(c)  if a review has been conducted under Division 2A and a penalty reminder notice has been served under section 24F (1)—42 days after service of that notice.
[16]   Section 42 (1B)
Insert after section 42 (1A):
  
(1B)  If more than one date is applicable under subsection (1A), the later of those dates is the relevant date for the purposes of that subsection.
[17]   Section 42 (2) (a)
Insert “, or the relevant matters in subsection (1AA),” after “(1) (d))”.
[18]   Section 46 Withdrawal of order
Insert at the end of section 46 (2):
  
Note.
 Section 49A (5) also requires a penalty notice enforcement order to be withdrawn if an issuing agency determines that a penalty notice should be withdrawn following a review under section 49A.
[19]   Section 49A
Omit the section. Insert instead:
  
49A   Review of penalty notice before annulment
(1)  Before it annuls a penalty notice enforcement order, the State Debt Recovery Office is to seek a review of the decision to issue each penalty notice to which the penalty notice enforcement order applies if:
(a)  it has reason to suspect that the penalty notice should be withdrawn having regard to any of the matters set out in section 24E (2), and
(b)  a review of the decision to issue the penalty notice has not been conducted under this section or Division 2A.
(2)  A review is to be conducted by the relevant issuing agency.
(3)  A review is to be dealt with in the absence of the parties, unless the issuing agency otherwise determines.
(4)  The issuing agency must notify the applicant for the annulment and the State Debt Recovery Office of its determination on the review of the decision to issue the penalty notice.
(5)  If the issuing agency determines that a penalty notice should be withdrawn (in whole or in part), the State Debt Recovery Office must withdraw the penalty notice enforcement order (in whole or in part) under section 46.
(6)  The State Debt Recovery Office must, if a penalty notice is not withdrawn on review or there is no decision on a review within 42 days after referral for review, grant the application for annulment and annul the penalty notice enforcement order under section 49.
(7)  An issuing agency may enter into arrangements with another person or body (including the State Debt Recovery Office) under which the functions of the issuing agency under this section are exercised by that person or body on behalf of the issuing agency.
[20]–[22]   (Repealed)
[23]   Section 100 Time to pay
Insert after section 100 (1):
  
(1A)  Despite subsection (1), an application for time to pay a fine may be made by a person in receipt of a Government benefit in respect of a fine before a fine enforcement order is made in the matter.
[24]–[36]   (Repealed)
Schedule 2 Amendment of other Acts and Regulations
(Section 4)
2.1
  (Repealed)
[1]–[3]   (Repealed)
[4]   Clause 5 (1A)
Insert after clause 5 (1):
  
(1A)  No fee is payable under subclause (1) (a) if the fine enforcement order is made under section 14 (1A) or 42 (1AA) of the Act.
[5]–[8]   (Repealed)
[9]   Clauses 10A and 10B
Insert after clause 10:
  
10A   Maximum number of work and development orders
(1)  For the purposes of section 99B (4) of the Act, 2,000 is the maximum number of work and development orders that may be made during the period of 2 years that commences on the commencement of Subdivision 1 of Division 8 of Part 4 of the Act.
(2)  If more than one work and development order is made in respect of the same person during the period referred to in subclause (1), those orders are to count as one order for the purposes of that subclause.
10B   Expiry of trial period for work and development orders
For the purposes of section 99J (2) of the Act, an application for a work and development order cannot be made after the day that is the second anniversary of the commencement of Subdivision 1 of Division 8 of Part 4 of the Act.
2.3, 2.4
  (Repealed)
Historical notes
The following abbreviations are used in the Historical notes:
AmamendedLWlegislation websiteSchSchedule
ClclauseNonumberSchsSchedules
CllclausesppageSecsection
DivDivisionpppagesSecssections
DivsDivisionsRegRegulationSubdivSubdivision
GGGovernment GazetteRegsRegulationsSubdivsSubdivisions
InsinsertedReprepealedSubstsubstituted
Table of amending instruments
Fines Further Amendment Act 2008 No 110. Assented to 8.12.2008. Date of commencement of secs 1–5 and Schs 1 [2] [9] [20] [24]–[28] [30] (except to the extent that it inserts sec 101B (1) (a)) [31] (except to the extent that it inserts sec 101B (6) (a)) and [34]–[36], 2.1 and 2.2 [1]–[3] and [5]–[8], assent, sec 2 (2); date of commencement of Sch 1 [1] (to the extent that it inserts the definition of work and development order) [14] (except to the extent that it inserts sec 42 (1CC) (b)) [21] [22] [29] [30] (to the extent that it inserts sec 101B (1) (a)) [31] (to the extent that it inserts sec 101B (6) (a)) [32] and [33] and Sch 2.2 [9], 10.7.2009, sec 2 (1) and 2009 (322) LW 10.7.2009; date of commencement of Sch 1 [1] (except to the extent that it inserts the definition of work and development order) [3] [4] [17] and [23] and Sch 2.2 [4], 19.1.2010, sec 2 (1) and 2010 (1) LW 15.1.2010; date of commencement of Sch 2.3 and 2.4, 9.3.2009, sec 2 (1) and 2009 (83) LW 6.3.2009; date of commencement of the remainder: 31.3.2010, sec 2 and 2010 (100) LW 26.3.2010. This Act has been amended as follows:
2009
No 56
Statute Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 2009. Assented to 1.7.2009.
Date of commencement of Sch 5, 17.7.2009, sec 2 (1).
 
No 106
Statute Law (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act (No 2) 2009. Assented to 14.12.2009.
Date of commencement of Sch 6, 8.1.2010, sec 2 (2).
Table of amendments
Sch 1
Am 2009 No 56, Sch 5; 2009 No 106, Sch 6.
Sch 2
Am 2009 No 56, Sch 5.