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Contents (2000 - 75)
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Adoption Act 2000 No 75
Current version for 4 February 2019 to date (accessed 21 September 2019 at 06:39)
Chapter 5 Part 2 Division 4
Division 4 Recognition of other overseas adoptions
116   Recognition of foreign adoptions in countries other than Convention countries and prescribed overseas jurisdictions
(cf AC Act s 46)
(1)  This section applies to an order for the adoption of a person:
(a)  that was made (whether before or after the commencement of this section) in a country other than Australia that is not a Convention country or a prescribed overseas jurisdiction, and
(b)  if, at the time at which the legal steps that resulted in the adoption were commenced, the adoptive parent or parents:
(i)  had been resident in that country for 12 months or more, or
(ii)  were domiciled in that country.
(2)  An order for the adoption of a person to which this section applies is to have the same effect as an adoption order made under this Act if:
(a)  the adoption is in accordance with and has not been rescinded under the law of that country, and
(b)  in consequence of the adoption, the adoptive parent or parents, under the law of that country, have a right superior to that of the adopted person’s birth parents in relation to the custody of the adopted person, and
(c)  under the law of that country the adoptive parent or parents were, because of the adoption, placed generally in relation to the adopted person in the position of a parent or parents.
(3)  Despite subsection (2), a court (including a court dealing with an application under section 117) may refuse to recognise an adoption under this section if it appears to the court that the procedure followed, or the law applied, in connection with the adoption involved a denial of natural justice or did not comply with the requirements of substantial justice.
(4)  A court that refuses to recognise an adoption may, at the time of refusing or at a later time, give leave to the applicant to seek an order for the adoption of the child concerned.
 See section 31.
(5)  In any proceedings before a court (including proceedings under section 117), it is to be presumed unless the contrary appears from the evidence, that an order for the adoption of a person that was made in a country outside Australia that is not a Convention country or a prescribed overseas jurisdiction complies with subsection (1).
(6)  Nothing in this section affects any right that was acquired by, or became vested in, a person before the commencement of this section.
117   Declarations of validity of foreign adoptions
(cf AC Act s 47)
(1)  Any of the parties to an adoption under an order made outside Australia may apply to the Court for a declaration that the order complies with section 116.
(2)  On an application under this section, the Court may:
(a)  direct that notice of the application be given to such persons (including the Attorney General) as the Court thinks fit, or
(b)  direct that a person be made a party to the application, or
(c)  permit a person having an interest in the matter to intervene in, and become a party to, the proceedings.
(3)  If the Court makes a declaration under this section, it may include in the declaration such particulars in relation to the adoption, the adopted child and the adoptive parent or parents as the Court finds to be established.
(4)  For the purposes of the law of New South Wales, a declaration under this section binds the Crown in right of New South Wales, whether or not notice was given to the Attorney General, and any person who was:
(a)  a party to the proceedings for the declaration or a person claiming through such a party, or
(b)  a person to whom notice of the application for the declaration was given or a person claiming through such a person,
but does not affect:
(c)  the rights of any other person, or
(d)  an earlier judgment, order or decree of a court or other body of competent jurisdiction.
(5)  In proceedings in a court of New South Wales, the production of a copy of a declaration under this section, certified by the nominated officer to be a true copy:
(a)  if the proceedings relate to a person referred to in paragraph (a) or (b) of subsection (4), is conclusive evidence, and
(b)  if the proceedings relate to the rights of any other person, is evidence,
that an adoption was effected in accordance with the particulars contained in the declaration and that it complies with section 116.