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Contents (1983 - 42)
Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983 No 42
Current version for 3 April 2017 to date (accessed 23 November 2017 at 20:16)
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Current version for 3 April 2017 to date (accessed 23 November 2017 at 20:16).
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Responsible Minister
Minister for Aboriginal Affairs

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File last modified 18 October 2017.

Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983 No 42

An Act to repeal the Aborigines Act 1969 and to make provisions with respect to the land rights of Aboriginal persons, including provisions for or with respect to the constitution of Aboriginal Land Councils, the vesting of land in those Councils, the acquisition of land by or for those Councils and the allocations of funds to and by those Councils; to amend certain other Acts; and to make provisions for certain other purposes.
WHEREAS:
(1)  Land in the State of New South Wales was traditionally owned and occupied by Aboriginal persons:
(2)  Land is of spiritual, social, cultural and economic importance to Aboriginal persons:
(3)  It is fitting to acknowledge the importance which land has for Aboriginal persons and the need of Aboriginal persons for land:
(4)  It is accepted that as a result of past Government decisions the amount of land set aside for Aboriginal persons has been progressively reduced without compensation:
BE it therefore enacted by the Queen’s Most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Legislative Council and Legislative Assembly of New South Wales in Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:
Part 1 Preliminary
1   Name of Act
This Act may be cited as the Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983.
2   Commencement
(1)  Sections 1 and 2 shall commence on the date of assent to this Act.
(2)  Except as provided by subsection (1), the several provisions of this Act shall commence on such day or days as may be appointed by the Governor in respect thereof and as may be notified by proclamation published in the Gazette.
3   Purpose of Act
The purposes of this Act are as follows:
(a)  to provide land rights for Aboriginal persons in New South Wales,
(b)  to provide for representative Aboriginal Land Councils in New South Wales,
(c)  to vest land in those Councils,
(d)  to provide for the acquisition of land, and the management of land and other assets and investments, by or for those Councils and the allocation of funds to and by those Councils,
(e)  to provide for the provision of community benefit schemes by or on behalf of those Councils.
4   Definitions
(1)  In this Act, except in so far as the context or subject-matter otherwise indicates or requires:
Aboriginal Land Council means the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council or a Local Aboriginal Land Council.
Aboriginal owners of land means the Aboriginal persons whose names are entered on the Register of Aboriginal Owners because of the persons’ cultural association with particular land.
Note.
 An Aboriginal person’s name and other relevant information is entered in the Register of Aboriginal Owners.
Aboriginal person means a person who:
(a)  is a member of the Aboriginal race of Australia, and
(b)  identifies as an Aboriginal person, and
(c)  is accepted by the Aboriginal community as an Aboriginal person.
adult Aboriginal person means an Aboriginal person who has attained the age of 18 years.
authority, in Division 5 of Part 10, means the Ombudsman, the Independent Commission Against Corruption, the Commissioner of Police or the Director of Public Prosecutions.
Board means a Board of a Local Aboriginal Land Council.
Board member means a member of a Board of a Local Aboriginal Land Council.
code of conduct means the code of conduct that applies to an Aboriginal Land Council by the operation of this Act.
Commonwealth Native Title Act or NTA means the Native Title Act 1993 of the Commonwealth.
community benefit means a benefit or service provided for the benefit of Aboriginal persons, and may include, but is not limited to, the following:
(a)  funeral funds,
(b)  residential accommodation,
(c)  education and training,
(d)  scholarships and other assistance for education and training,
(e)  cultural activities,
(f)  child care,
(g)  aged care services.
community benefits scheme means a scheme for the provision of community benefits funded wholly or in part by an Aboriginal Land Council.
community development levy means the levy payable under Division 4A of Part 2.
community, land and business plan means a plan prepared and approved under Division 6 of Part 5 or Division 5 of Part 7.
compliance direction means a direction issued by the Registrar under Part 12.
councillor means a member of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council.
Court means the Land and Environment Court.
investigator means a person appointed under section 216 to investigate the affairs, or specified affairs, of an Aboriginal Land Council.
land includes any estate or interest in land, whether legal or equitable.
land claim means a claim for land made under section 36.
Local Aboriginal Land Council means a Local Aboriginal Land Council constituted under this Act.
Local Aboriginal Land Council area means a Local Aboriginal Land Council area constituted under this Act.
native title or native title rights and interests has the same meaning as in the Commonwealth Native Title Act.
New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council means the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council constituted under this Act.
non-voting member, of a Local Aboriginal Land Council, means a member of that Council who does not have voting rights in relation to that Council.
officer of an Aboriginal Land Council means:
(a)  in relation to a Local Aboriginal Land Council, a Board member of the Council, or
(b)  in relation to the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, a councillor.
records includes any of the following (whether in a written or electronic form):
(a)  financial statements (including statements or lists of assets or liabilities),
(b)  bank statements or other authorised deposit-taking institution statements,
(c)  membership rolls,
(d)  voting rolls,
(e)  minutes of meetings,
(f)  attendance lists of meetings,
(g)  leases, contracts and other documents relating to arrangements to which an Aboriginal Land Council is a party.
Region means a Region specified in Schedule 5.
Register of Aboriginal Land Claims means the Register of Aboriginal Land Claims established under Division 2 of Part 9.
Register of Aboriginal Owners means the Register of Aboriginal Owners established under Division 3 of Part 9.
Registrar means the Registrar appointed under this Act.
regulations means regulations made under this Act.
relative, in relation to a person, means any of the following:
(a)  the parent, grandparent, brother, sister, uncle, aunt, nephew, niece, lineal descendant or adopted child of the person or of the person’s spouse or de facto partner,
(b)  the spouse or de facto partner of the person or of a person referred to in paragraph (a).
residential tenancy agreement has the same meaning as in the Residential Tenancies Act 2010.
rules means the rules of an Aboriginal Land Council that apply to the Council by the operation of this Act.
satisfactory financial statements and documents means financial statements and documents furnished to the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council under Division 2 of Part 8 by a Local Aboriginal Land Council that are determined by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council to be satisfactory in accordance with the requirements of that Division.
short-term residential tenancy agreement means a residential tenancy agreement:
(a)  that is a fixed term agreement (within the meaning of the Residential Tenancies Act 2010) for a term of less than 3 years (including any option to renew the agreement) or is a periodic agreement (within the meaning of that Act), and
(b)  where the only parties to the agreement are a Local Aboriginal Land Council and one or more natural persons.
voting member, of a Local Aboriginal Land Council, means a member of that Council who has voting rights in relation to that Council.
voting rights, in relation to a Local Aboriginal Land Council, means the right of a member of the Council to vote in the elections held by, and on any matter to be decided by, the Council.
Note.
 The Interpretation Act 1987 contains definitions and other provisions that affect the interpretation and application of this Act.
(2)  A reference in this Act to:
(a)  a function includes a reference to a power, authority and duty, and
(b)  the exercise of a function includes, where the function is a duty, a reference to the performance of the duty.
(3)  The Chairperson of an Aboriginal Land Council may be referred to as the Chairman or Chairwoman, as the case requires.
(4)  Notes included in this Act are explanatory notes and do not form part of this Act.
5–34C   (Repealed)
Part 2 Land rights
Division 1
35  (Repealed)
Division 2 Claimable Crown lands
36   Claims to Crown lands
(1)  In this section, except in so far as the context or subject-matter otherwise indicates or requires:
claimable Crown lands means lands vested in Her Majesty that, when a claim is made for the lands under this Division:
(a)  are able to be lawfully sold or leased, or are reserved or dedicated for any purpose, under the Crown Lands Consolidation Act 1913 or the Western Lands Act 1901,
(b)  are not lawfully used or occupied,
(b1)  do not comprise lands which, in the opinion of a Crown Lands Minister, are needed or are likely to be needed as residential lands,
(c)  are not needed, nor likely to be needed, for an essential public purpose, and
(d)  do not comprise lands that are the subject of an application for a determination of native title (other than a non-claimant application that is an unopposed application) that has been registered in accordance with the Commonwealth Native Title Act, and
(e)  do not comprise lands that are the subject of an approved determination of native title (within the meaning of the Commonwealth Native Title Act) (other than an approved determination that no native title exists in the lands).
Crown Lands Minister means the Minister for the time being administering any provisions of the Crown Lands Consolidation Act 1913 or the Western Lands Act 1901 under which lands are able to be sold or leased.
(2)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may make a claim for land on its own behalf or on behalf of one or more Local Aboriginal Land Councils.
(3)  One or more Local Aboriginal Land Councils may make a claim for land within its or their area or, with the approval of the Registrar, outside its or their area.
(4)  A claim under subsection (2) or (3):
(a)  shall be in writing and, if a form for making such a claim has been prescribed, shall be in or to the effect of that form,
(b)  shall describe or specify the lands in respect of which it is made,
(b1)    (Repealed)
(c)  shall be lodged with the Registrar, who shall refer a copy thereof (together with a copy of any approval necessary under subsection (3)) to the Crown Lands Minister or, if there is more than one Crown Lands Minister, to each of them.
(4A)  The Registrar may refuse to refer a claim, or part of a claim, to the Crown Lands Minister if the Registrar is satisfied that:
(a)  the claim, or the part of the claim, relates to lands that are not vested in Her Majesty, or
(b)  the claim, or the part of the claim, has been made in contravention of an undertaking given by the claimant in an Aboriginal Land Agreement under section 36AA while such an undertaking remains in force.
(4B)  Before refusing to refer a claim, or part of a claim, to the Crown Lands Minister, the Registrar must:
(a)  inform the claimant, by notice in writing, of the Registrar’s intention to refuse to refer the claim, or the part of the claim, and the reasons for the refusal, and
(b)  invite the claimant to provide further information supporting the claim, or part of the claim, within 28 days of the giving of the notice (or such greater period as may be specified in the notice), and
(c)  consider any further information provided by the claimant within that period.
(4C)  If the Registrar has not referred a claim, or any part of a claim, to the Crown Lands Minister within 60 days after the claim was lodged with the Registrar or by the end of the period within which the claimant has been invited to provide further information supporting the claim, the Registrar is taken to have refused to refer the claim, or the part of the claim, to the Crown Lands Minister.
(4D)  An Aboriginal Land Council may appeal to the Court against a refusal to refer the claim, or any part of the claim, to the Crown Lands Minister.
(4E)  The Court is to hear and determine any appeal made to it under subsection (4D) and may order that the claim, or any part of the claim, be referred to the Crown Lands Minister if the Registrar fails to satisfy the Court that:
(a)  the claim, or the part of the claim, relates to lands that are not vested in Her Majesty, or
(b)  the claim, or the part of the claim, has been made in contravention of an undertaking given by the claimant in an Aboriginal Land Agreement under section 36AA while such an undertaking remains in force.
(5)  A Crown Lands Minister to whom a claim for lands (being lands which are, or, but for any restriction on their sale or lease, would be, able to be sold or leased under a provision of an Act administered by the Crown Lands Minister) has been referred under subsection (4) shall:
(a)  if the Crown Lands Minister is satisfied that:
(i)  the whole of the lands claimed is claimable Crown lands, or
(ii)  part only of the lands claimed is claimable Crown lands,
grant the claim by transferring to the claimant Aboriginal Land Council (or, where the claim is made by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, to a Local Aboriginal Land Council (if any) nominated by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council) the whole or that part of the lands claimed, as the case may be, or
(b)  if the Crown Lands Minister is satisfied that:
(i)  the whole of the lands claimed is not claimable Crown lands, or
(ii)  part of the lands claimed is not claimable Crown lands,
refuse the claim or refuse the claim to the extent that it applies to that part, as the case may require.
(5AA)  The Crown Lands Minister to whom a claim for lands has been referred must not grant a claim under subsection (5) if the Crown Lands Minister is satisfied that the claimant has entered into an Aboriginal Land Agreement under section 36AA that includes an undertaking by the claimant not to lodge a claim in respect of the lands claimed or to withdraw such a claim.
(5AB)  An Aboriginal Land Council may appeal to the Court against a decision of the Crown Lands Minister under subsection (5AA).
(5AC)  The Court is to hear and determine any appeal made to it under subsection (5AB) and may order the Crown Lands Minister to determine the claim if the Crown Lands Minister fails to satisfy the Court that the claimant has entered into an Aboriginal Land Agreement under section 36AA that includes an undertaking by the claimant not to lodge a claim in respect of the lands claimed or to withdraw such a claim.
(5A)  Where, under subsection (5), a Crown Lands Minister is not satisfied that the whole or part of the lands claimed is claimable Crown lands because the lands are needed, or likely to be needed, for an essential public purpose, but that the need for the lands for the public purpose would be met if the claim were to be granted in whole or in part subject to the imposition of a condition (whether by way of covenant or easement or in any other form) relating to the use of the lands, the Crown Lands Minister may, notwithstanding that subsection, where the condition is agreed to by the Aboriginal Land Council making the claim, grant the claim under that subsection subject to the imposition of the condition.
(6)  An Aboriginal Land Council may appeal to the Court against a refusal under subsection (5) (b) of a claim made by it.
(7)  The Court shall hear and determine any appeal made to it under subsection (6) in respect of any lands claimed and may, if the relevant Crown Lands Minister fails to satisfy the Court that the lands or a part thereof are not or is not claimable Crown lands, order that the lands or the part, as the case may be, be transferred to the claimant Aboriginal Land Council or, where the claim is made by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, to a Local Aboriginal Land Council (if any) nominated by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council.
(8)  A certificate being:
(a)  a certificate issued by a Crown Lands Minister stating that any land the subject of a claim under this section and specified in the certificate is needed or is likely to be needed as residential land, or
(b)  a certificate issued by a Crown Lands Minister, after consultation with the Minister administering this Act, stating that any land the subject of a claim under this section and specified in the certificate is needed or likely to be needed for an essential public purpose,
shall be accepted as final and conclusive evidence of the matters set out in the certificate and shall not be called into question in any proceedings nor liable to appeal or review on any grounds whatever.
(9)  Except as provided by subsection (9A), any transfer of lands to an Aboriginal Land Council under this section shall be for an estate in fee simple but shall be subject to any native title rights and interests existing in relation to the lands immediately before the transfer.
(9A)  Where the transfer of lands to an Aboriginal Land Council under this section is of land to which the Western Lands Act 1901 applies but which is not within an area determined by the Minister administering that Act as being the urban area of a city, town or village, the transfer shall be effected by the granting to the Council of a lease in perpetuity under that Act but shall be subject to any native title rights and interests existing in relation to the lands immediately before the transfer.
(9B)  A lease referred to in subsection (9A):
(a)  may be granted without the necessity for the payment of any rent under the lease or may require the payment of a nominal rent, and
(b)  notwithstanding the Western Lands Act 1901, shall not be cancelled unless the Minister administering that Act has consulted with the Minister administering this Act.
(9C)  Land transferred under this section to 2 or more Aboriginal Land Councils may be transferred to those Councils as joint tenants or as tenants in common.
(10)  A transfer of lands pursuant to this section operates to revoke any dedication or reservation under the Crown Lands Consolidation Act 1913 to which the lands were subject immediately before the transfer.
(11)  Where, by reason of the existence of a forestry right (within the meaning of section 87A of the Conveyancing Act 1919) granted in respect of them or of an easement over them, any lands claimed under this section could not, but for this subsection, be regarded by a Crown Lands Minister as claimable Crown lands, the Crown Lands Minister may, for the purposes of this section, treat the lands as claimable Crown lands.
(12)  A transfer of lands pursuant to this section is subject to the following:
(a)  any easements affecting the lands immediately before the transfer,
(b)  any condition imposed under subsection (5A),
(c)  any forestry right within the meaning of section 87A of the Conveyancing Act 1919, and any restriction on use or covenant imposed under Division 4 of Part 6 of that Act in connection with that forestry right, in force in respect of the lands immediately before the transfer.
(13)  Where the transfer of lands in accordance with this section would not, but for this subsection, be authorised by the Crown Lands Consolidation Act 1913 or the Western Lands Act 1901, the transfer of the lands in accordance with this section shall be deemed to have been authorised by whichever of those Acts the lands were subject to immediately before the transfer.
(14)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council or a Local Aboriginal Land Council may request a Crown Lands Minister to supply or cause to be supplied to it such information in relation to the Crown land or dealings in Crown land as is specified in the request and the Crown Lands Minister shall, so far as is reasonably practicable, comply with that request.
(15)  Duty under the Duties Act 1997 is not payable in respect of a transfer of lands in accordance with this section.
(16)  The definition of claimable Crown lands in subsection (1) is taken to include land vested in the State Property Authority that complies with paragraphs (a)–(e) of that definition and that was, immediately before it vested in that Authority, claimable Crown lands within the meaning of that definition.
(17)  The provisions of this section are modified as follows in relation to its application to land vested in the State Property Authority:
(a)  subsection (4) (c) requires the Registrar to refer a copy of a claim in relation to the land to the Minister administering the State Property Authority Act 2006 in addition to the other Ministers referred to in that paragraph,
(b)  a reference in subsection (5) to the Crown Lands Minister granting a claim by making a transfer referred to in that subsection is to be read as the Crown Lands Minister granting a claim and requiring the State Property Authority to transfer the relevant land as referred to in that subsection,
(c)  a reference in subsection (14) to a Crown Lands Minister is to be read as a reference to the State Property Authority,
(d)  a reference in subsection (14) to Crown land is a reference to land vested in the State Property Authority that, immediately before it was vested in that Authority, was Crown land.
(18)  In accordance with a requirement by a Crown Lands Minister under subsection (5) (as modified by subsection (17) (b)), the State Property Authority is to transfer land vested in it in relation to which a claim has been granted by that Minister, subject to the taking of any action required to implement a condition imposed under subsection (5A) on the grant of the claim.
36AA   Aboriginal Land Agreements
(1)  In this section, Aboriginal Land Agreement means an agreement, in writing, between the Crown Lands Minister and one or more Aboriginal Land Councils (whether or not the agreement also includes other parties) that, in addition to any other matter that may be included in the agreement, makes provision for:
(a)  the exchange, transfer or lease of land to an Aboriginal Land Council, or
(b)  an undertaking by an Aboriginal Land Council not to lodge a claim, or to withdraw a claim, in relation to specified land.
(2)  An Aboriginal Land Council and the Crown Lands Minister may, at any time by notice in writing, commence negotiation, in good faith and in a manner agreed between the parties, for an Aboriginal Land Agreement whether or not a claim has been made under section 36 by the Council in relation to the land that is the subject of the proposed agreement.
(3)  The Aboriginal Land Council or the Crown Lands Minister may, with the approval of the other party, invite one or more other Aboriginal Land Councils, or any other person, to join the negotiations and enter into the Aboriginal Land Agreement.
(4)  An Aboriginal Land Council, the Crown Lands Minister or any other party may, at any time before the making of an Aboriginal Land Agreement, withdraw from negotiation for the agreement by notice in writing to the other party or parties.
(5)  Without limiting the matters that may be included in an Aboriginal Land Agreement, such an agreement may make provision for or with respect to the following:
(a)  financial or other consideration,
(b)  exchange, transfer or lease of land,
(c)  conditions or restrictions on the use of any land to which the agreement relates,
(d)  joint access to and management of land (including a lease of a type referred to in section 36A),
(e)  undertakings by an Aboriginal Land Council or the Crown Lands Minister with regard to the lease, transfer, management or use of any land,
(f)  the duration of the agreement,
(g)  the resolution of disputes arising under the agreement.
(6)  The Crown Lands Minister may enter into an Aboriginal Land Agreement whether or not a claim has been made under section 36 in relation to any lands to which the agreement relates.
(7)  If a proposed Aboriginal Land Agreement provides for the transfer or lease of lands for which a Minister other than the Crown Lands Minister is responsible, the concurrence of that other Minister is required before the agreement is made.
(8)  The provisions of section 36 (9)–(13), (15) and (17) apply (with necessary modifications) to the transfer of lands in accordance with an Aboriginal Land Agreement in the same way as those provisions apply to the transfer of lands under that section.
(9)  An Aboriginal Land Council or the Crown Lands Minister may, at any time during the negotiation for an Aboriginal Land Agreement, notify the other party, in writing, that the agreement must not make provision with respect to specified lands.
(10)  The Crown Lands Minister is, on the making of an Aboriginal Land Agreement, authorised to transfer or lease Crown lands the subject of the agreement in accordance with the agreement.
(11)  If an Aboriginal Land Agreement provides for termination or transfer of an interest in land, other than an interest of the Crown, the transfer or termination may only be effected with the approval of the holder of the interest.
(12)  The Registrar is to keep and maintain a register in relation to Aboriginal Land Agreements made under this section.
(13)  The register required to be kept under this section is, subject to the regulations, to include such information and to be in such form as is determined by the Registrar.
(14)  The provisions of the Crown Lands Act 1989 that provide for the transfer of Crown lands do not apply in respect of the transfer of land carried out in accordance with an Aboriginal Land Agreement.
(15)  In this section:
Crown Lands Minister has the same meaning as in section 36.
interest in land includes:
(a)  a legal or equitable interest in the land, or
(b)  an easement, right, charge, power or privilege over, or in connection with, the land.
36A   Special provision concerning certain Crown lands having nature conservation value
(1)  This section applies in relation to lands that:
(a)  are the subject of a claim by one or more Aboriginal Land Councils under section 36, and
(b)  the Crown Lands Minister is satisfied would be claimable Crown lands except for the fact that the lands are needed, or likely to be needed, for the essential public purpose of nature conservation.
(2)  If the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils making the claim agree to the imposition of the conditions that, before the grant of a claim to lands to which this section applies, the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils:
(a)  must negotiate a lease of the lands, that complies with the requirements of Part 4A of the NPW Act, with the Minister administering that Act, and
(b)  must agree:
(i)  to enter into a lease of the lands to the Minister administering the NPW Act in the terms negotiated in accordance with paragraph (a), and
(ii)  to the simultaneous reservation or dedication of the lands under the NPW Act, and
(iii)  to hold the lands as lands reserved or dedicated under the NPW Act, and
(iv)  to comply with the requirements of the NPW Act and, in particular, the requirements of Part 4A of that Act in relation to the lands,
the Crown Lands Minister may, despite section 36 (5) (b), grant a claim to lands to which this section applies.
Note.
 Part 4A of the NPW Act deals with lands, reserved or dedicated under that Act, that are vested in an Aboriginal Land Council or Councils and are leased by that Council or those Councils to the Minister administering that Act.
(3)  The Crown Lands Minister must not grant a claim to lands to which this section applies unless the Minister administering the NPW Act:
(a)  has agreed to the reservation or dedication of the lands under Division 4 of Part 4A of that Act, and
(b)  has notified the Crown Lands Minister in writing that a lease, negotiated in pursuance of subsection (2) with the Aboriginal Land Council or Councils concerned, is acceptable to the Minister and has been executed in escrow by the proposed parties to it.
Note.
 Division 4 of Part 4A of the NPW Act deals with the reservation or dedication and leasing under that Act of lands to which section 36A applies that have been granted by the Crown Lands Minister to an Aboriginal Land Council or Councils under this Act.
(4)  If a claim by one or more Aboriginal Land Councils relates partly to lands to which this section applies and partly to other lands, nothing in this section prevents the Crown Lands Minister from granting the claim:
(a)  as to so much of the lands to which this section applies—subject to and in accordance with this section, and
(b)  as to the balance of the lands—in accordance with the other provisions of this Part.
(5)  This section does not limit section 36 and the provisions of that section (in so far as they are applicable) apply to the lands to which this section applies, and to their transfer.
(6)  Parts 3 and 4 do not apply to lands to which this section applies on and from the date of their reservation or dedication under the NPW Act.
(7)  In this section, claimable Crown lands and Crown Lands Minister have the same meanings as in section 36.
36B   Special provisions relating to Crown lands subject of land claim
(1)  Despite anything to the contrary in the Crown Lands Act 1989, if an Aboriginal Land Council has appealed to the Court against a refusal of a land claim made by it in relation to any land, the Crown Lands Minister must not, by any act or omission, cause anything to occur in relation to that land that would cause a claim (if any) lodged in relation to that land before the final determination of the appeal to be unsuccessful.
(2)  Subsection (1) does not prohibit the extension or continuance of an existing lawful use of the land to which the claim relates or anything done with the consent of the relevant Aboriginal Land Council.
(3)  If an Aboriginal Land Council has appealed to the Court against the refusal of a land claim or part of a land claim, a land claim may not be made in relation to the land the subject of the appeal until the final determination of the appeal.
37   Aboriginal lands in travelling stock reserves
(1)  Where a claim by an Aboriginal Land Council is lodged under section 36 in respect of land which is or is part of a travelling stock reserve within the meaning of the Local Land Services Act 2013 (not being a travelling stock reserve in the Western Division within the meaning of the Crown Lands Act 1989), the Registrar shall, in addition to complying with section 36 (4) (c), refer a copy of the claim to Local Land Services.
(2)  This section has effect notwithstanding the provisions of the Local Land Services Act 2013 or Crown Lands Act 1989.
(3)  Subject to subsection (4), the Crown Lands Minister within the meaning of section 36 may, in respect of the land referred to in subsection (1), enter into an agreement with the claimant Aboriginal Land Council so referred to, so as to achieve the following purposes:
(a)  the vesting of the freehold title to that land, subject to any existing easements, in the claimant Aboriginal Land Council,
(b)  the leasing in perpetuity of that land to Her Majesty at a nominal rent,
(c)  the preparation of a plan of management in respect of that land giving the claimant Aboriginal Land Council or Aboriginal persons defined rights, or conferring or imposing on the claimant Aboriginal Land Council or on Aboriginal persons defined functions, in respect of that land.
(4)  The Minister referred to in subsection (3) shall not enter into an agreement under that subsection in respect of land unless the Minister is satisfied that Aboriginal persons have traditional rights to the land or that Aboriginal persons have had a long association with the land.
(4A)  The Minister referred to in subsection (3) shall not enter into an agreement under that subsection in respect of land which is or is part of a travelling stock reserve within the meaning of the Local Land Services Act 2013 without the approval of the Minister administering that Act.
(5)  For the purposes of giving effect to an agreement referred to in subsection (3):
(a)  the Minister so referred to may, by notification published in the Gazette, vest the freehold title to land, subject to any existing easements, in the claimant Aboriginal Land Council and that notification shall have effect according to its tenor, and
(b)  the Minister so referred to and the claimant Aboriginal Land Council may execute any necessary instruments.
(6)  Subject to any plan of management prepared as referred to in subsection (3) in respect of the land, the vesting of the freehold title to any land in an Aboriginal Land Council, and the holding of the land under perpetual lease by Her Majesty, under this section shall not affect:
(a)  the application of the provisions of the Local Land Services Act 2013, or regulations under that Act, to the land, or
(b)  the status of the land for the purposes of any other law, other than a law relating to the registration of titles.
(7)  There shall be no appeal against, or review of, a decision of the Minister referred to in subsection (3) not to enter into an agreement under this section.
(8)  Duty under the Duties Act 1997 is not payable in respect of an agreement or other instrument executed for the purposes of this section.
Division 3 Acquisition of other lands
38   Purchase, lease etc of property
(1)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council or a Local Aboriginal Land Council may purchase, take on lease or hold any property or may acquire property by gift inter vivos, devise or bequest.
(1A)  Despite subsection (1), a Local Aboriginal Land Council may purchase land only if:
(a)  the purchase price for the land is not more than 5% above the market value of the land, as assessed by a qualified valuer who is appointed by the Local Aboriginal Land Council, or
(b)  the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council has given its written approval to that purchase.
(2)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council or a Local Aboriginal Land Council may agree to the condition of any gift, devise or bequest to it, and the rule of law relating to perpetuities does not apply to any condition to which the Council has agreed under this section.
(3)  Property acquired by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council or a Local Aboriginal Land Council subject to a condition to which the Council has agreed shall not be dealt with by the Council except in accordance with the condition.
(4)    (Repealed)
(5)  Nothing in this Act prevents the vesting of lands pursuant to Division 3 of Part 4A of the NPW Act in more than one Local Aboriginal Land Council as tenants in common.
Note.
 Division 3 of Part 4A of the NPW Act deals, among other matters, with the vesting in an Aboriginal Land Council or Councils of lands, reserved or dedicated under that Act, that are of cultural significance to Aboriginals and that are listed in Schedule 14 to that Act.
(6)  Subject to the regulations, a reference in this section to a qualified valuer is a reference to a person who:
(a)  has membership of the Australian Valuers Institute (other than associate or student membership), or
(b)  has membership of the Australian Property Institute (other than student or provisional membership), acquired in connection with his or her occupation as a valuer, or
(c)  has membership of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors as a chartered valuer, or
(d)  is of a class prescribed by the regulations.
39   Acquisition of land
(1)  The Minister may, for the purposes of this Act, acquire land (including an interest in land) by agreement or by compulsory process in accordance with the Land Acquisition (Just Terms Compensation) Act 1991.
(2)  The Minister may do so only if the Minister is of the opinion that there are exceptional circumstances which warrant the acquisition of land for the purpose of satisfying the objectives of this Act.
(3)  If so required by the Minister, the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council or the Local Aboriginal Land Council is to make provision to the satisfaction of the Minister for the payment of the purchase price or of compensation for compulsory acquisition (together with all necessary charges and expenses incidental to the acquisition).
(4)  The Minister may transfer land acquired under this section to an Aboriginal Land Council or other organisation or body established for the benefit of Aboriginal persons.
(5)  For the purposes of the Public Works Act 1912, an acquisition of land under this section is taken to be for an authorised work and the Minister is, in relation to that authorised work, taken to be the Constructing Authority.
(6)  Part 3 of the Public Works Act 1912 does not apply in respect of works constructed under this Act.
Division 4 Land dealings by Aboriginal Land Councils
40   Interpretation
(1)  In this Division and Division 4A:
agreement includes an arrangement.
deal with land means:
(a)  sell, exchange, lease, mortgage, dispose of, or otherwise create or pass a legal or equitable interest in, land, or
(b)  grant an easement or covenant over land or release an easement or covenant benefiting land, or
(c)  enter into a biobanking agreement relating to land under the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 or a conservation agreement under the NPW Act, or
(d)  enter into a wilderness protection agreement relating to land under the Wilderness Act 1987, or
(e)  enter into a property vegetation plan under the Native Vegetation Act 2003, or
(f)  subdivide or consolidate land so as to affect, or consent to a plan of subdivision or consolidation of land that affects, the interests of an Aboriginal Land Council in that land, or
(g)  make a development application in relation to land, or
(h)  any other action (including executing an instrument) relating to land that is prescribed by the regulations.
Note.
 In this Act, a reference to land includes any estate or interest in land, whether legal or equitable (see section 4 (1)).
dealing approval certificate—see section 41.
development application means:
(a)  a development application within the meaning of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979, or
(b)  an application for approval of a project under Part 3A of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979, or
(c)  an application for approval of State significant infrastructure under Part 5.1 of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979.
General Register of Deeds means the General Register of Deeds maintained under the Conveyancing Act 1919.
land dealing means an action in relation to land of a kind referred to in paragraphs (a)–(h) of the definition of deal with land.
land dealing approval agreement means an agreement entered into under a condition imposed under section 42G (6) (b).
Register means the Register maintained under the Real Property Act 1900.
registrable instrument means:
(a)  an instrument (other than a caveat or registration prohibition notice) giving effect to or forming part of a land dealing (within the meaning of this Division) that is registrable or capable of being made registrable under the Real Property Act 1900 or in respect of which a recording is required or permitted (under that or any other Act or Commonwealth Act) to be made in the Register maintained under that Act, or
(b)  a plan that is required or permitted to be registered under Division 3 of Part 23 of the Conveyancing Act 1919 and that is or gives effect to or forms part of a land dealing (within the meaning of this Division), or
(c)  an instrument (other than a registration prohibition notice) giving effect to or forming part of a land dealing (within the meaning of this Division) that is registrable or in respect of which a recording is required or permitted to be made in the General Register of Deeds.
registration approval certificate—see section 41.
registration prohibition notice—see section 42O.
(2)  For the purposes of this Division, land is vested in an Aboriginal Land Council if:
(a)  the Council has a legal interest in the land, or
(a1)  the land is the whole or part of land that is, pursuant to an Aboriginal Land Agreement under section 36AA, to be transferred to the Council, or
(b)  the land is the whole or part of land the subject of a claim under section 36 and:
(i)  the Crown Lands Minister is satisfied that the land is claimable Crown land under section 36, or
(ii)  the Court has ordered under section 36 (7) that the land be transferred to the Council,
and the land has not been transferred to the Council.
(3)  In this Division, an Aboriginal Land Council is taken to make a development application for land vested in the Council if the Council consents to such an application by another person.
(4)  For the purposes of this Division, land is of cultural and heritage significance to Aboriginal persons if the land is significant in terms of the traditions, observances, customs, beliefs or history of Aboriginal persons.
40AA–40D   (Repealed)
41   Certificates—land vested in Aboriginal Land Councils
(1)  A dealing approval certificate:
(a)  for a land dealing relating to land vested in the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, is a certificate in the prescribed form signed by the Chief Executive Officer of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council that the dealing complies with section 42D, or
(b)  for a land dealing relating to land vested in a Local Aboriginal Land Council, is a certificate in the prescribed form signed by the Chief Executive Officer of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council that the dealing has been approved by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council.
(2)  A registration approval certificate for a registrable instrument relating to land vested in an Aboriginal Land Council is a certificate in the prescribed form signed by the Chief Executive Officer of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council that:
(a)  the registration, under the Real Property Act 1900, of the instrument is authorised under this Act, or
(b)  the registration, under Division 3 of Part 23 of the Conveyancing Act 1919, of the instrument is authorised under this Act, or
(c)  the making of a recording in respect of the instrument in the Register or the General Register of Deeds is authorised under this Act.
(3)  A dealing approval certificate signed by the Chief Executive Officer of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council is conclusive evidence of the matters certified in the certificate in favour of any person.
(4)  Subsection (3) does not operate in favour of any person who had knowledge that any of the matters certified in the certificate was incorrect before the land dealing was completed (whether or not any subsequent registration was required or has taken place).
(5)  A dealing approval certificate must set out any conditions of the relevant approval.
42   Restrictions on dealing with land subject to native title
(1)  An Aboriginal Land Council must not deal with land vested in it subject to native title rights and interests under section 36 (9) or (9A) unless the land is the subject of an approved determination of native title (within the meaning of the Commonwealth Native Title Act).
(2)  This section does not apply to or in respect of:
(a)  the lease of land by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council or one or more Local Aboriginal Land Councils to the Minister administering the NPW Act under Part 4A of that Act in accordance with a condition imposed under section 36A (2), or
(b)  a transfer of land to another Aboriginal Land Council, or
(c)  a lease of land referred to in section 37 (3) (b).
42A   Restrictions on dealing with land reserved or dedicated under the NPW Act
(1)  An Aboriginal Land Council must not deal with land that is vested in it and that is reserved or dedicated under Part 4A of the NPW Act except in accordance with that Act.
(2)  This Division and Division 4A (other than sections 40, 42B and this section) do not apply to land referred to in subsection (1).
42B   Appropriation or resumption of Aboriginal land
Despite anything in any Act, land vested in an Aboriginal Land Council must not be appropriated or resumed except by an Act of Parliament.
42C   Land dealings by Aboriginal Land Councils generally
(1)  A land dealing by an Aboriginal Land Council in contravention of section 42D or 42E is void.
(2)  This Division is in addition to any requirements of or under any other Act in relation to a land dealing.
(3)  This section has effect despite any other Act or law.
42D   Land dealings by New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council
(1)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must not deal with land vested in it unless:
(a)  it has notified the Local Aboriginal Land Council (if any) for the area in which the land is situated in writing of the land affected and the type of proposed dealing, and
(b)  it has considered any comments made by that Council within 28 days of that notice being given, and
(c)    (Repealed)
(d)  it has had regard to its community, land and business plan and any of its policies that are applicable, and
(e)  if it is appropriate to do so in the circumstances, it has considered the cultural and heritage significance of the land to Aboriginal persons in determining whether to deal with the land, and
(f)  the land dealing complies with a resolution of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council approving the dealing.
(2)  The Chief Executive Officer of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must give a dealing approval certificate for a land dealing by the Council if the Chief Executive Officer is satisfied that the Council has complied with this Division in relation to the dealing.
(3)  The Chief Executive Officer of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must give a registration approval certificate for an instrument if the Chief Executive Officer is satisfied that the instrument is a registrable instrument relating to a land dealing by the Council that complies with this Division.
(4)  This section does not apply to or in respect of the following land dealings by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council:
(a)  a lease for a period of less than 3 years (including any option to renew the lease),
(b)  a land dealing prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this section.
42E   Approval required for land dealings by Local Aboriginal Land Councils
(1)  A Local Aboriginal Land Council must not deal with land vested in it except in accordance with an approval of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council under section 42G.
(2)  However, the approval of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council is not required for the following land dealings by a Local Aboriginal Land Council:
(a)  a land dealing in relation to a lease for a period of less than 3 years (including any option to renew the lease) or a short-term residential tenancy agreement, other than a social housing management lease,
(b)  a land dealing prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this section.
(3)    (Repealed)
(4)  An agreement to deal with land vested in a Local Aboriginal Land Council that is made by the Council is, if the land dealing is not approved by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council and an approval is required, unenforceable against the Local Aboriginal Land Council.
(5)  A person is not entitled to damages, or any other remedy, against a Local Aboriginal Land Council in respect of a warranty or other promise relating to an unenforceable agreement referred to in subsection (4).
(6)  In this section:
social housing management lease means a lease (other than a residential tenancy agreement) entered into by a Local Aboriginal Land Council in relation to the provision or management of a community benefits scheme for residential accommodation for Aboriginal persons in its area.
(7)  This section has effect despite any other Act or law.
Note.
 Approval of a land dealing by a Local Aboriginal Land Council must be by resolution of the voting members (see section 52G (e)).
42F   Applications for approval of LALC land dealings by NSWALC and assessment fees
(1)  A Local Aboriginal Land Council may apply to the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council for the approval of a land dealing relating to land vested in the Local Aboriginal Land Council.
(2)  An application by a Local Aboriginal Land Council to the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council for approval of a dealing with land is:
(a)  to be made in accordance with the regulations, and
(b)  to contain the matters prescribed by the regulations, and
(c)  to be accompanied by any application fee, and any documents, prescribed by the regulations.
(3)  An application may also be accompanied by such additional documents and other information as the Local Aboriginal Land Council thinks fit.
(4)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may require the Local Aboriginal Land Council to provide additional documents and other information in relation to an application.
(5)  Regulations may be made for or with respect to the following:
(a)  the fees that may be charged by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council for assessing and determining applications for approval of land dealings,
(b)  without limiting paragraph (a), the fees that may be charged by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council with respect to the costs of appointing an expert advisory panel to assess an application for approval of a land dealing,
(c)  waiver of assessment fees,
(d)  provision of securities in respect of the payment of assessment fees,
(e)  notice by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council to applicants for approval of proposed assessment fees or security arrangements and other matters relating to determination of the application,
(f)  the circumstances in which the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may refuse to assess or determine an application.
42G   Approval of LALC land dealings by NSWALC
(1) Approval requirements The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must (subject to subsection (2) and any requirements of the regulations), on an application for approval of a land dealing being made by a Local Aboriginal Land Council in accordance with this Act, approve (with or without conditions) the land dealing if the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council is satisfied that:
(a)  the application is in accordance with this Act, and
(b)  the members of the Local Aboriginal Land Council have passed a resolution in accordance with subsection (5) and that the dealing is in accordance with that resolution.
(2) Refusal if contrary to LALC members’ interests The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may refuse to approve a land dealing if it considers that the dealing is, or is likely to be, contrary to the interests of the members of the Local Aboriginal Land Council or other Aboriginal persons within the area of that Council.
(3)  In considering whether a land dealing is contrary to any such interests, the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may consider (and is not limited to considering) the following:
(a)  the community, land and business plan of the Local Aboriginal Land Council and whether, and to what extent, the land dealing is consistent with that plan,
(b)  the terms of the land dealing and whether those terms are fair and equitable to the Local Aboriginal Land Council in all the circumstances,
(c)  whether the Local Aboriginal Land Council, in passing the resolution, had proper regard to the cultural and heritage significance of the land to Aboriginal persons,
(d)  any assessment of the application for approval of the land dealing by an expert advisory panel under this Division,
(e)  whether it is likely that the proceeds of the land dealing will be managed and applied in the interests of the members of the Local Aboriginal Land Council or other Aboriginal persons within the area of the Council,
(f)  any applicable policy of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council in relation to land dealings by Local Aboriginal Land Councils.
(4)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council is not required to consider any additional information or other material provided by a person other than the Local Aboriginal Land Council in considering whether a land dealing is, or is likely to be, contrary to the interests of the members of the Local Aboriginal Land Council or other Aboriginal persons within the area of that Council.
(5) Requirements for approval resolutions A Local Aboriginal Land Council resolution approving a land dealing must:
(a)  be passed at a meeting of which prior notice was given, in accordance with the regulations, and at which a quorum was present, and
(b)  be passed by not less than 80 per cent of the voting members of the Council present at the meeting, and
(c)  contain the following matters:
(i)  the identity of the land,
(ii)  a statement that the impact of the land dealing on the cultural and heritage significance of the land to Aboriginal persons has been considered in determining whether to approve the dealing,
(iii)  the manner in which the land is to be dealt with,
(iv)  any conditions to which the approval of the dealing is subject.
(6) Conditions of approval The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may only impose the following kinds of conditions on an approval of a land dealing:
(a)  a condition that is to be satisfied before completion of the land dealing,
(b)  a condition that requires the Local Aboriginal Land Council or one or more parties to the land dealing to enter into an agreement with the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council as to specified matters to be carried out before or after the dealing is completed.
Note.
 Section 119 enables conditions to be imposed on approvals and also enables approvals to be revoked.
(7)  Without limiting any other action that may be taken, failure by a Local Aboriginal Land Council to comply with a provision of a land dealing approval agreement is taken to be a breach by the Council of this Act.
(8) Approval may relate to more than one dealing An approval under this section may relate to one or more land dealings.
42H   Reasons for refusal or conditions
If the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council refuses an application for approval of a land dealing, or approves a land dealing subject to conditions, it must give the Local Aboriginal Land Council concerned a written statement of the reasons for the decision within 28 days after a request by that Local Aboriginal Land Council for the statement.
42I   Assessment of dealings by expert advisory panels
(1)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may constitute expert advisory panels to assess applications for approval of land dealings by Local Aboriginal Land Councils.
(2)  An expert advisory panel is to be constituted in accordance with the regulations.
(3)  Regulations may be made for or with respect to the following:
(a)  a register of persons eligible to be appointed to expert advisory panels,
(b)  the addition of persons to, or removal of persons from, the register,
(c)  qualifications for inclusion on the register,
(d)  the appointment and removal of members of panels,
(e)  the remuneration of members of panels,
(f)  the circumstances in which an assessment by a panel is required or may be requested,
(g)  reports by panels,
(h)  regulating the assessment of matters by panels in respect of conflicts of interest and prohibiting persons from assessing matters if there is a conflict of interest or a pecuniary interest in a matter.
42J   Amendment and revocation of land dealing approvals
(1)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must not amend or revoke an approval of a land dealing if the land dealing has been completed or a registrable instrument has been registered in reliance on that approval.
Note.
 This provision limits the power of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council to amend or revoke an approval (see section 119 (4)).
(2)  If an approval of a land dealing under this Division is revoked by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, any dealing approval certificate or registration approval certificate relating to the land dealing ceases to have effect.
(3)  A Local Aboriginal Land Council must return any dealing approval certificate or registration approval certificate given to it that is revoked to the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council within 14 days of notice of the revocation being given.
42K   Certificates for dealings by Local Aboriginal Land Councils
(1) Dealing approval certificate If the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council approves a land dealing by a Local Aboriginal Land Council under this Division, the Chief Executive Officer of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must give a dealing approval certificate for the land dealing to the Local Aboriginal Land Council within 14 days of approval being given.
(2) Registration approval certificates The Chief Executive Officer of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must give a registration approval certificate for an instrument relating to a land dealing by a Local Aboriginal Land Council if the Chief Executive Officer is satisfied as to the following:
(a)  that the instrument is a registrable instrument giving effect to or forming part of a land dealing approved by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council under this Division,
(b)  that any conditions of the approval by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council of the land dealing to which the instrument relates have been met,
(c)  that any community development levy payable in respect of that land dealing has been paid.
(3)  The Chief Executive Officer may refuse to give a dealing approval certificate or a registration approval certificate under this section if any assessment fee payable in relation to the application for approval of the land dealing to which the certificate relates has not been paid or is not subject to arrangements for payment that are satisfactory to the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council.
(4)  For the purposes of any other Act or law, a dealing approval certificate for a land dealing by a Local Aboriginal Land Council land is taken to be a written consent by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council to the dealing.
42L   Review of approval decisions
(1)  Despite any other Act or law, the only person who has standing to bring proceedings:
(b)  for judicial review in any other court,
in relation to a decision to approve or not to approve of a land dealing, or an act or omission of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council in connection with any such decision, is the Local Aboriginal Land Council concerned.
(2)  This section does not confer any standing on a Local Aboriginal Land Council in respect of class 3 proceedings under the Land and Environment Court Act 1979 in connection with any such decision.
42M   Registration of dealings and instruments
(1)  The Registrar-General must, if an Aboriginal Land Council is the registered proprietor of an estate in fee simple in land, make a recording in the Register to the following effect:
(a)  that the land is subject to this Division,
(b)  that a registrable instrument may not be registered, or a recording in respect of a registrable instrument may not be made, unless the Registrar-General is satisfied that a registration approval certificate has been obtained or is not required.
(2)  The Registrar-General must not register a registrable instrument in relation to land referred to in subsection (1) if the registered proprietor of the land is an Aboriginal Land Council, unless the registrable instrument is accompanied by:
(a)  a registration approval certificate, or
(b)  a statement signed by the Chief Executive Officer of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council that the instrument gives effect to or forms part of a land dealing for which a registration approval certificate is not required under this Division.
Note.
 If the registered proprietor of land is an Aboriginal Land Council, an instrument or plan affecting the land that is accompanied by a registration approval certificate or the signed statement referred to above has on registration or recording all the protections afforded under the Real Property Act 1900.
(3)  Despite section 42 of the Real Property Act 1900 or any other Act, the registration of a registrable instrument, or the making of a recording, that is prohibited by this section has no effect and does not create or pass or otherwise affect any estate or interest in the land of any registered proprietor of the land, as otherwise recorded under the Real Property Act 1900.
(4)  In this section, register a registrable instrument means:
(a)  register the instrument in the Register or under the Conveyancing Act 1919, or
(b)  make a recording in the Register in respect of any such instrument, or
(c)  register a plan under Division 3 of Part 23 of the Conveyancing Act 1919.
(5)  This section does not affect the operation of any other prohibition or restriction relating to transfers or other dealings with land under this or any other Act.
42N   Certain land dealing approval agreements to run with land
(1)  This section applies to a land dealing approval agreement if it imposes obligations as to the use, development or management of, or dealings with, land vested in, or formerly vested in, an Aboriginal Land Council.
(2)  A land dealing approval agreement may be registered under this section if the following persons agree to its registration:
(a)  the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council,
(b)  if the agreement relates to land under the Real Property Act 1900, each person who is the registered proprietor of an estate or interest in the land,
(c)  if the agreement relates to land not under the Real Property Act 1900, each person who is a party to the agreement.
(3)  On lodgment by an Aboriginal Land Council of an application for registration in a form approved by the Registrar-General, the Registrar-General is to register the land dealing approval agreement:
(a)  by making an entry in the relevant folio of the Register if the agreement relates to land under the Real Property Act 1900, or
(b)  by registering the agreement in the General Register of Deeds if the agreement relates to land not under the Real Property Act 1900.
(4)  A land dealing approval agreement that has been registered by the Registrar-General under this section is binding on, and is enforceable by and against, the successors in title to the owner who entered into the agreement and those successors in title are taken to have notice of the agreement.
(5)  The Registrar-General may, on the request in writing of the Chief Executive Officer of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, cancel the registration of a land dealing approval agreement.
(6)  A reference in this section to a land dealing approval agreement includes a reference to any agreement amending a land dealing approval agreement.
(7)  In this section:
successors in title includes a mortgagee, chargee, covenant chargee or other person in possession of land pursuant to a mortgage, charge, positive covenant or other encumbrance entered into before or after the registration of the land dealing approval agreement.
42O   Enforcement of land dealing approval agreements—registration prohibition notices
(1)  This section applies to land under the Real Property Act 1900 if:
(a)  a land dealing approval agreement has been registered under section 42N, or
(b)  a current registered proprietor of an estate or interest in the land is a party to a land dealing approval agreement in respect of the land.
(2)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may lodge with the Registrar-General a notice in writing prohibiting, except with the consent of that Council, the registration or recording of any dealing affecting an estate or interest in land to which this section applies (a registration prohibition notice).
(3)  A registration prohibition notice is to be in the form approved by the Registrar-General and must contain the following:
(a)  the name and address of the person who is the registered proprietor of an estate or interest in the land affected by the notice,
(b)  if the registration notice relates only to part of the land described in a folio of the Register, a description of that part,
(c)  a statement that the prohibition notice relates to the land (or part of the land) in respect of which a dealing approval agreement has been entered into under this Division.
(4)  On the lodgment of a registration prohibition notice, the Registrar-General must give notice in writing of the lodgment to any registered proprietor of an estate or interest in land affected by the notice, at the address specified in the notice.
(5)  Notice of lodgment is not required to be given to a registered proprietor under subsection (4) if the consent of the registered proprietor to the lodgment is endorsed on the registration prohibition notice.
(6)  The Registrar-General must, if satisfied that the notice complies with any requirements made in respect of it under this Division or the Real Property Act 1900, record in the Register such particulars of the notice as the Registrar-General thinks appropriate.
(7)  A caveat does not prevent the recording of a registration prohibition notice under this section.
(8)  A registration prohibition notice lodged under this section has effect when particulars of the notice are recorded in the Register under this section.
(9)  A registration prohibition notice may be withdrawn by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, by notice in writing in the form approved by the Registrar-General and on payment of the fee (if any) prescribed by the regulations, and on being withdrawn, ceases to be in force.
42P   Effect of registration prohibition notices
(1)  The Registrar-General must not, except with the consent in writing of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council notified in writing by the Chief Executive Officer of the Council, record or register in the Register any dealing if it appears to the Registrar-General that the registration or recording of the dealing is prohibited by a registration prohibition notice that has effect under this Division.
(2)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must not refuse to give consent under this section if:
(a)  the dealing or the registration or recording of the dealing is permitted by the applicable land dealing approval agreement, or
(b)  the dealing or the registration or recording does not materially affect the performance or enforcement of that agreement.
(3)  The regulations may provide that a registration prohibition notice does not prevent the Registrar-General from registering or recording a dealing of a class prescribed by the regulations.
(4)  If in any legal proceedings a question arises as to the validity of a registration prohibition notice, the court is to disregard any failure to comply strictly with the requirements of this Division as to the form of the notice.
(5)  This section:
(a)  has effect despite the Real Property Act 1900 or any other Act or law, and
(b)  does not affect the operation of any other prohibition or restriction relating to transfers or other dealings with land.
Division 4A Community development levy
42Q   Interpretation
Words and expressions used in this Division, and in any regulations made under this Division, have the same meaning as they have in the Duties Act 1997.
42R   Community development levy payable for certain transactions
(1)  A Local Aboriginal Land Council is liable to pay the community development levy for any dutiable transaction to which the levy applies that occurs in relation to a dealing with land vested in the Council (whether or not the Council is liable to pay duty in respect of the transaction under the Duties Act 1997).
(2)  The community development levy applies to the following dutiable transactions:
(a)  a transfer of land,
(b)  an agreement for the sale or transfer of land,
(c)  a declaration of trust over land,
(d)  a lease of land in respect of which a premium is paid or agreed to be paid,
(e)  any other transaction prescribed by the regulations.
(3)  Except as provided by subsection (4), the community development levy does not apply to the following dutiable transactions:
(a)  except as provided by the regulations, transactions that are exempt from duty under the Duties Act 1997,
(b)  transactions under a community benefit scheme providing home ownership for Aboriginal persons,
(c)  transactions prescribed by the regulations.
(4)  The community development levy is payable in respect of a dutiable transaction even though duty is not chargeable on the transaction because of section 280 of the Duties Act 1997.
(5)  The regulations may provide that the community development levy is payable for other transactions in relation to dealings with land vested in a Local Aboriginal Land Council and may also provide for the amount of the levy for those transactions.
(6)  For the purposes of this Division, a dutiable transaction occurs when it is taken to occur for the purposes of the Duties Act 1997.
42S   Community development levy not payable on transactions between Councils
The community development levy is not payable in respect of a dutiable transaction between a Local Aboriginal Land Council and another Aboriginal Land Council.
42T   Amount of community development levy
(1)  The amount of the community development levy payable for a dutiable transaction is the prescribed percentage (if any) of the amount of duty in respect of the transaction calculated as if duty were chargeable on the transaction at the rate specified in section 32 (1) of the Duties Act 1997.
(2)  In calculating the community development levy, any arrangement for the payment of the levy by a person other than the Local Aboriginal Land Council concerned is to be disregarded.
42U   Payment of community development levy amounts
(1)  Amounts of community development levy collected by the Chief Commissioner of State Revenue are to be paid to the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council by the Chief Commissioner as agreed between the Council and the Chief Commissioner.
Note.
 The Taxation Administration Act 1996 (other than Part 4 of that Act), which includes provisions relating to the collection, payment and non-payment of tax, applies to the community development levy. The Chief Commissioner of State Revenue will be responsible for the collection of the community development levy.
(2)  The Chief Commissioner of State Revenue may retain from the community development levy collected by the Chief Commissioner amounts for payment of the Chief Commissioner’s costs in relation to the Chief Commissioner’s functions relating to the levy.
(3)  Any such costs are to be in accordance with an agreement between the Chief Commissioner of State Revenue and the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council.
(4)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must pay to the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council Community Fund established under section 149A amounts of community development levy received from the Chief Commissioner.
(5)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must also pay to that Fund an additional amount equal to the amount of community development levy paid by the Chief Commissioner of State Revenue to the Council under this section.
(6)  The additional amount payable by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council under subsection (5) must be paid not later than 28 days after receipt by the Council of a payment of levy under this section.
(7)  Amounts of community development levy are to be paid in accordance with this section, despite any provision of the Taxation Administration Act 1996.
42V   NSWALC payments may be waived
The Minister may waive payment of the whole or any part of an amount payable by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council under section 42U (5), if the Minister is of the opinion that it is appropriate to do so, having regard to the financial circumstances of the Council, its obligations under this Act and any other matters the Minister considers relevant.
42W   Regulations
The regulations may make provision for or with respect to the following:
(a)  the application of provisions of the Duties Act 1997 (with or without modifications) in respect of the community development levy,
(b)  the period within which the community development levy is payable,
(c)  interim assessments of community development levy,
(d)  without limiting paragraph (a), the stamping of instruments.
42X   Relationship with Taxation Administration Act 1996
This Division, and any regulations made under this Division, are to be read together with the Taxation Administration Act 1996 (other than Part 4 of that Act).
Division 5 Rates
43   Exemption of Aboriginal lands from the payment of rates
(1)  The regulations may declare that specified land (being land vested in an Aboriginal Land Council) is exempt from:
(a)  the payment of rates and charges, or from the payment of specified rates and charges, under the Local Government Act 1993, or
(b)  the payment of rates, levies and charges, or from the payment of specified rates, levies and charges, under the Hunter Water Act 1991, or
(c)  the payment of service charges, or the payment of specified service charges, under the following Acts:
(2)  A regulation made under subsection (1) may provide that the exemption referred to in that subsection is to operate for a limited period of time.
44   Proceedings for non-payment of certain rates for Aboriginal lands barred
Notwithstanding the provisions of:
(c)  the Hunter Water Act 1991, or
or any other rule of law, land vested in an Aboriginal Land Council shall not be sold, whether by way of writ of execution or otherwise, for overdue rates payable under any of those Acts nor shall action be taken to wind up any such Council because of non-payment of any such rates.
44A   Payment of rates by NSW Aboriginal Land Council
(1)  Where rates payable under an Act referred to in section 44 have been unpaid for a period of not less than 12 months in respect of a rating year commencing on 1 January 1985 or any subsequent date, the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council shall, within 30 days after receipt of a notice from the appropriate rating authority specifying the total of the amount unpaid, the amount of any interest accrued on that amount and any extra charges, pay that total to that rating authority.
(2)  A rating authority may recover an amount unpaid after the expiration of the period of 30 days referred to in subsection (1) from the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council as a debt in a court of competent jurisdiction.
(3)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may recover an amount paid under this section from the Local Aboriginal Land Council in whose area the land subject to the rate is situated.
Part 3 Mineral rights and mining
45   Mineral rights and mining on Aboriginal land
(1)  In this section:
(a)  mining operations means prospecting, exploring or mining for mineral resources or other natural resources, and
(b)  uranium has the same meaning as it has in the Mining Act 1992.
(2)  Notwithstanding any other Act, but subject to this section:
(a)  any transfer of lands to an Aboriginal Land Council under section 36 includes the transfer of the mineral resources or other natural resources contained in those lands,
(b)  any vesting of the title to lands in an Aboriginal Land Council under section 37 includes, subject to that section, the vesting of the title to the mineral resources or other natural resources contained in those lands, and
(c)  where:
(i)  an Aboriginal Land Council purchases lands under section 38, or
(ii)  lands are acquired under section 39 and vested in an Aboriginal Land Council,
any mineral resources or other natural resources which were, immediately before the purchase or vesting, vested in the Crown shall, on that purchase or vesting, become vested in the Aboriginal Land Council.
(3)  To the extent to which an Act provides for a person to explore for or exploit mineral resources, or other natural resources, vested in another person, the Act does not apply to or in respect of mineral resources, or other natural resources, vested in the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council or a Local Aboriginal Land Council.
(4)  Subject to this section, no person shall carry on mining operations on the lands of an Aboriginal Land Council without the consent of that Council.
(5)  An Aboriginal Land Council may give a consent under subsection (4) subject to such terms and conditions, including terms or conditions with respect to payment of fees or royalties, as it thinks fit to impose.
(6)  A Local Aboriginal Land Council shall not give its consent under subsection (4) unless either:
(a)  the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, or
(b)  the Court, under subsection (8),
has approved of the consent being given and of any terms and conditions proposed to be attached to the consent.
(7)  Where a Local Aboriginal Land Council has submitted to the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council a proposal to give a consent under subsection (4), and any terms and conditions proposed to be attached to the consent, and the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council:
(a)  has refused to approve of the proposed consent being given or of the proposed terms and conditions, or
(b)  has not, within 1 month after the submission of the proposed consent and of the proposed terms and conditions or such longer period as the Local Aboriginal Land Council and the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council agree to, approved of the consent being given and of the proposed terms and conditions (or those terms and conditions as altered with the consent of the Local Aboriginal Land Council),
the Local Aboriginal Land Council or the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may refer the proposal or the proposed terms and conditions, as the case may require, to the Court to be dealt with under subsection (8).
(8)  Where a proposal to give a consent or the terms and conditions proposed to be attached to a consent are referred to the Court under subsection (7), the Court shall approve or refuse to approve of the giving of the consent or of the proposed terms and conditions, with or without alterations specified by the Court.
(9)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council or the Court shall not, under this section, refuse to approve of the giving of a consent or of the terms and conditions proposed to be attached to a consent except on the ground that the giving of the consent is, or those terms and conditions are, inequitable to the Local Aboriginal Land Council concerned or would be detrimental to the interests of members of other Local Aboriginal Land Councils.
(10)  A consent given in contravention of this section is void.
(11)  Nothing in or done under this Act operates to abridge or control the prerogative rights and powers of the Crown with respect to gold mines and silver mines or affects the Crown’s ownership of coal, petroleum and uranium.
(12)  This section does not apply to or in relation to any mining operations that are or may be carried on on any lands of an Aboriginal Land Council:
(a)  in respect of gold, silver, coal, petroleum or uranium, or
(b)  in respect of any other mineral, pursuant to any right conferred by or under the Mining Act 1992, the Offshore Minerals Act 1999, or any other law, being a right in force at the time the lands were vested in that Council or a mineral claim or authority referred to in subsection (13) (b), or a renewal or extension of any such right, mineral claim or authority.
(13)  Nothing in this section prevents:
(a)  the renewal or extension of any right, mineral claim or authority referred to in subsection (12) (b), or
(b)  the granting of an authority or mineral claim in accordance with an exclusive right conferred by the Mining Act 1992 or of a licence in accordance with an exclusive right conferred by the Offshore Minerals Act 1999,
under and subject to the provisions of the Mining Act 1992 or the Offshore Minerals Act 1999 as the case requires.
46   Fees or royalties for mining on Aboriginal land
(1)  All fees and royalties payable in respect of mining on land owned by a Local Aboriginal Land Council are payable to the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council and not the Local Aboriginal Land Council.
(2)  Such fees and royalties together with the fees and royalties payable to the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council in respect of mining on its land must, when received by it, be paid into a separate account in a bank, building society or credit union to be called the Mining Royalties Account.
(3)  Money to the credit of the Mining Royalties Account is to be disbursed, in accordance with the regulations, as follows:
(a)  40 per cent is to be paid to the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council,
(b)  the balance, in so far as it is derived from the fees and royalties payable in respect of mining on land owned by a Local Aboriginal Land Council, is to be paid to the Local Aboriginal Land Council.
(4)  Money to the credit of the Mining Royalties Account may be invested in any manner authorised by the regulations pending its disbursement in accordance with this section.
Part 4 Hunting, fishing and gathering
47   Agreements to permit hunting, fishing or gathering
Subject to the provisions of any other Act and any rule, by-law, regulation, ordinance or like instrument, a Local Aboriginal Land Council may negotiate agreements with the owner, occupier or person in control of any land to permit any specified Aboriginal persons or group of Aboriginal persons to have access to the land for the purpose of hunting, fishing or gathering on the land.
48   Access permits may be issued by the Court
(1)  Where a Local Aboriginal Land Council:
(a)  desires to obtain rights of access for any specified Aboriginal persons or group of Aboriginal persons for the purpose of hunting or fishing for, or the gathering of, traditional foods for domestic purposes, being access to land traditionally used for those purposes or to land giving access to any land so used, and
(b)  has been unable to negotiate an agreement to obtain those rights,
the Council may apply to the Court for a permit conferring those rights.
(2)  An application under subsection (1) shall be:
(a)  made as prescribed, and
(b)  lodged with the Registrar.
(3)  The Registrar shall refer an application lodged with the Registrar under subsection (2) to the Court together with a statement as to who appears to the Registrar to be the owner, occupier or person in control of the land to which the application relates.
(4)  The Court shall:
(a)  give notice of any application referred to it under subsection (3) to any person who, in its opinion, is likely to be directly affected by the issue of the permit applied for, or to the public generally if it considers it appropriate, and
(b)  by that notice, provide that objections against the application may be lodged within the time specified in that notice.
(5)  The Court shall consider:
(a)  any application referred to it under subsection (3), and
(b)  any objections lodged against the application,
and, subject to subsection (6), shall either:
(c)  issue a permit conferring such rights of access as it specifies in the permit on Aboriginal persons or any group of Aboriginal persons so specified, or
(d)  refuse to issue the permit.
(6)  The Court shall issue a permit under subsection (5) in pursuance of an application under subsection (1) only if it is satisfied that the rights applied for are rights of a kind referred to in subsection (1).
(7)  A permit issued under subsection (5) (c):
(a)  shall be subject to the provisions of any other Act and any rule, by-law, regulation, ordinance or like instrument, and
(b)  may be subject to such terms and conditions as the Court thinks fit and are specified in the permit.
(8)  Any person who fails to allow access to any person in accordance with a permit issued under this section shall be guilty of an offence against this Act.
Maximum penalty: 10 penalty units.
(9)  The Court may, on the application of any person and on reasonable cause being shown, revoke a permit issued under this section.
Part 5 Local Aboriginal Land Councils
Division 1 Constitution of Local Aboriginal Land Councils and Local Aboriginal Land Council areas
49   Constitution of Local Aboriginal Land Council areas
(cf former section 5)
(1)  The Minister may, in the manner prescribed by the regulations, constitute an area as a Local Aboriginal Land Council area.
(2)  The Governor may make regulations for or with respect to the constitution of Local Aboriginal Land Council areas.
(3)  Without affecting the generality of subsection (2), regulations may be made under that subsection for or with respect to the following:
(a)  applications for the constitution of areas as Local Aboriginal Land Council areas,
(b)  the making of recommendations to the Minister with respect to proposals to constitute Local Aboriginal Land Council areas,
(c)  the lodging of objections against:
(i)  the refusal of applications for the constitution of Local Aboriginal Land Council areas or the failure to deal with any such applications, and
(ii)  proposals to constitute Local Aboriginal Land Council areas,
(d)  the reference to the Court of objections of the kind referred to in paragraph (c) and the hearing and determination by the Court of any such objections.
50   Constitution of Local Aboriginal Land Councils
(cf former section 6 (1) and (2))
(1)  A Local Aboriginal Land Council is constituted by this Act for each Local Aboriginal Land Council area.
(2)  A Local Aboriginal Land Council is a body corporate.
(3)  The corporate name of a Local Aboriginal Land Council is “Local Aboriginal Land Council” preceded by the name of the area of the Council.
51   Objects of Local Aboriginal Land Councils
(cf clause 5 of Schedule 1 to 1996 Regulation)
The objects of each Local Aboriginal Land Council are to improve, protect and foster the best interests of all Aboriginal persons within the Council’s area and other persons who are members of the Council.
Division 1A Functions of Local Aboriginal Land Councils
52   Functions of Local Aboriginal Land Councils
(1)  A Local Aboriginal Land Council has the functions conferred or imposed on it by or under this or any other Act.
(2) Land acquisition A Local Aboriginal Land Council has the following functions in relation to the acquisition of land and related matters:
(a)  in accordance with this Act and the regulations, to acquire land and to use, manage, control, hold or dispose of, or otherwise deal with, land vested in or acquired by the Council,
(b)  functions relating to the acquisition of land and any other functions conferred on it by or under Part 4A of the NPW Act,
(c)  to submit proposals for the listing in Schedule 14 to the NPW Act of lands of cultural significance to Aboriginal persons that are reserved under the NPW Act,
(d)  to negotiate the lease by the Council or by the Council and one or more other Aboriginal Land Councils of lands to which section 36A applies to the Minister administering the NPW Act,
(e)  when exercising its functions with respect to land that is the subject of a lease, or proposed lease, under Part 4A of the NPW Act, to act in the best interests of the Aboriginal owners of the land concerned,
(f)  to make written applications to the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council for the acquisition by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council of land on behalf of, or to be vested in, the Local Aboriginal Land Council,
(g)  to make claims to Crown lands or to enter into Aboriginal Land Agreements.
(3) Land use and management A Local Aboriginal Land Council has the following functions in relation to land use and management:
(a)  to consider applications to prospect or mine for minerals on the Council’s land and to make recommendations to the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council in respect of such applications,
(b)  to protect the interests of Aboriginal persons in its area in relation to the acquisition, management, use, control and disposal of its land.
(4) Aboriginal culture and heritage A Local Aboriginal Land Council has the following functions in relation to Aboriginal culture and heritage:
(a)  to take action to protect the culture and heritage of Aboriginal persons in the Council’s area, subject to any other law,
(b)  to promote awareness in the community of the culture and heritage of Aboriginal persons in the Council’s area.
(5) Financial stewardship A Local Aboriginal Land Council has the following functions in relation to financial management and business planning:
(a)  to prepare and implement, in accordance with this Act, a community, land and business plan,
(b)  to manage, in accordance with this Act and consistently with its community, land and business plan, the investment of any assets of the Council,
(c)  to facilitate business enterprises (including by establishing, acquiring, operating or managing business enterprises), in accordance with this Act and the regulations and consistently with its community, land and business plan.
(5A) Corporations A Local Aboriginal Land Council may establish, acquire, operate or manage the following:
(a)  an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander corporation within the meaning of the Corporations (Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander) Act 2006 of the Commonwealth,
(b)  a company within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth.
(5B)    (Repealed)
(6) Other functions prescribed by regulations A Local Aboriginal Land Council has any other functions prescribed by the regulations.
Note.
 Under section 50 of the Interpretation Act 1987, a Local Aboriginal Land Council has certain functions as a statutory corporation, including the power to purchase, exchange, take on lease, hold, dispose of and otherwise deal with property. This provision is subject to the provisions of this Act.
52A   Community benefits schemes
(1)  A Local Aboriginal Land Council may, in accordance with an approval of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council:
(a)  directly or indirectly, provide community benefits under community benefits schemes, and
(b)  without limiting paragraph (a), provide, acquire, construct, upgrade or extend residential accommodation for Aboriginal persons in its area.
(1A)  Despite subsection (1), the approval of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council is not required for a community benefits scheme for the provision or acquisition of residential accommodation for Aboriginal persons in its area, or for constructing, upgrading or extending any such accommodation, if the Local Aboriginal Land Council is:
(a)  a registered Aboriginal housing organisation (within the meaning of the Aboriginal Housing Act 1998), or
(b)  a registered community housing provider (within the meaning of the Community Housing Providers National Law (NSW).
(2)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must not approve a community benefits scheme of a Local Aboriginal Land Council unless it is satisfied that:
(a)  the proposed scheme complies with this Act and the regulations, and
(b)  the proposed scheme is consistent with any applicable policy of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, and
(c)  the proposed scheme is consistent with the community, land and business plan of the Local Aboriginal Land Council, and
(d)  the proposed scheme is fair and equitable and will be administered in a way that is responsible and transparent, and
(e)  the proposed scheme is not likely to prevent the Local Aboriginal Land Council from being able to meet its debts as and when they fall due, and
(f)  the need for the proposed benefits is not otherwise being adequately met.
(3)  A Local Aboriginal Land Council must ensure that any community benefits scheme under which community benefits are provided by it or on its behalf:
(a)  complies with this Act and the regulations, and
(b)  is consistent with any applicable policy of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, and
(c)  is consistent with the community, land and business plan of the Local Aboriginal Land Council.
(4)  A Local Aboriginal Land Council may provide community benefits under a community benefits scheme to persons within the areas of other Local Aboriginal Land Councils and may provide community benefits in conjunction with one or more other Aboriginal Land Councils.
52AA   Powers of Local Aboriginal Land Councils with respect to property
(1)  A Local Aboriginal Land Council may do or suffer in relation to its property any act or thing that it could lawfully do or suffer if it were a natural person having, in the case of land, the same estate or interest in the property as the Council.
(2)  In particular, without limiting the generality of subsection (1), a Local Aboriginal Land Council may do or suffer any such act or thing to enable it to:
(a)  improve, or cause to be improved, any land vested in it, or
(b)  explore for and exploit, or cause to be explored for or exploited, mineral resources or other natural resources vested in it.
(3)  This section is subject to this Act.
52B   (Repealed)
52C   Local Aboriginal Land Councils’ responsibilities in relation to certain arrangements and transfers
(1)  In this section:
enter into includes participate in.
entity means any partnership, trust, corporation, joint venture, syndicate or other body (whether or not incorporated).
(2)  This section applies to an arrangement entered into by a Local Aboriginal Land Council:
(a)  for the purpose of exercising any of the Council’s functions under this Act (including providing a community benefits scheme), and
(b)  that includes the formation, acquisition, operation or management of an entity.
(3) Local Aboriginal Land Councils to report on certain arrangements A Local Aboriginal Land Council must include, in the accounts and records of the Council under this Act and the regulations, details of any operations that are carried out under an arrangement to which this section applies (including any activities or operations carried out by the entity formed, acquired, operated or managed and any financial matters relating to any such entity).
(4)  Before entering into an arrangement to which this section applies, a Local Aboriginal Land Council must take reasonable steps to ensure that the Local Aboriginal Land Council will not be prevented from complying with the Council’s reporting obligations in relation to operations carried out under such an arrangement (including any financial matters relating to the entity formed, acquired, operated or managed under the arrangement).
(5) Risk assessment and approval for transfer of certain assets Before transferring assets (other than land) in connection with an arrangement to which this section applies, a Local Aboriginal Land Council must, if required to do so by any applicable policy of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council (or, if there is no such policy, by the regulations):
(a)  conduct a risk assessment with respect to the proposed transfer in accordance with any applicable policy of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council or any such regulation, and
(b)  obtain the approval of the members of the Local Aboriginal Land Council to the transfer.
(6) Requirements for approval resolutions Any Local Aboriginal Land Council resolution that approves the Council’s proposed transfer of an asset (other than land) under this section must:
(a)  contain a statement identifying the purpose of the action and any conditions to which the approval is subject, and
(b)  be made at a meeting of the Council:
(i)  in respect of which notice was given, in accordance with the regulations, not less than 14 days before the day on which the meeting is held, and
(ii)  at which a quorum is present, and
(c)  be passed by not less than 80% of the votes cast.
(7) Approval of termination of certain arrangements A Local Aboriginal Land Council must not terminate an arrangement to which this section applies, or dispose of an interest in an entity formed, acquired, operated or managed under such an arrangement, otherwise than in accordance with the approval of the Board of the Council.
52D   Duty of Aboriginal Land Council not to transfer land or other assets to Council members, Board members, staff or consultants
(1)  A Local Aboriginal Land Council must ensure that no part of the income or property of the Council is transferred directly or indirectly by way of dividend or bonus or otherwise by way of profit to members of the Council, Board members or any member of staff of, or consultant to, the Council.
(2)  Nothing in this section prevents:
(a)  the provision of a benefit in good faith to a Council member, Board member, member of staff or consultant in accordance with this Act, or
(b)  the payment in good faith of remuneration to any such member, Board member, member of staff or consultant.
52E   Delegation of functions by Local Aboriginal Land Councils
(1)  A Local Aboriginal Land Council may, by resolution, delegate to the Board, any of the functions of the Council with respect to the acquisition of land other than:
(a)  this power of delegation, and
(b)  any function under this or any other Act that is expressly required to be exercised by resolution of the voting members of the Council.
(2)  Each Local Aboriginal Land Council must, once every year, review all its delegations.
52F   Rules of Local Aboriginal Land Councils
(1)  The purpose of this section is to provide rules for Local Aboriginal Land Councils relating to those Councils’ functions and operations.
(2)  The rules prescribed by the regulations as model rules are the rules for a Local Aboriginal Land Council.
(3)  However, a Local Aboriginal Land Council may prepare its own rules and submit them to the Registrar for approval.
(4)  On approval by the Registrar, the rules prepared by a Local Aboriginal Land Council, to the extent that they are not inconsistent with this Act or the regulations, become the rules of the Council to the exclusion of the model rules.
(5)  A Local Aboriginal Land Council’s rules may, with the approval of the Registrar, be amended, repealed or replaced from time to time.
(6)  A Local Aboriginal Land Council may appeal to the Court against the Registrar’s refusal to approve of rules or to approve of an amendment, a repeal or a replacement of its rules.
(7)  On the hearing of an appeal under subsection (6), the Court may direct the Registrar to approve of rules, or an amendment, a repeal or a replacement of rules, specified in the direction.
52G   Functions exercised by Council resolution
(1)  The following functions are to be exercised, in accordance with this Act, by resolution of the voting members of a Local Aboriginal Land Council:
(a)  acceptance of persons as qualified for membership,
(b)    (Repealed)
(c)  approval of the rules and code of conduct of the Council and any amendment to or repeal or replacement of those rules or that code,
(d)  approval or amendment of the community, land and business plan of the Council,
(d1)  approval of transfers of assets under section 52C,
(e)  approval of dealings with land (within the meaning of Division 4 of Part 2) and land dealing approval agreements (within the meaning of that Division), other than any such dealings or agreements that do not require the approval of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council,
(f)  receipt of the annual budget and the financial statements of the Council,
(g)  election of Board members,
(h)  suspension of members from attending or voting at meetings of the Council,
(i)  approval of requests to change the name of the Council’s area or for the amalgamation or dissolution of the Council, or its re-allocation to another Region.
(2)  For the avoidance of doubt, subsection (1) (f) requires a resolution of the Council confirming receipt by the Council of the annual budget and financial statements, not a resolution approving the contents of the annual budget and financial statements.
52H   Meetings of Local Aboriginal Land Councils
Part 1 of Schedule 3 has effect.
Division 2 Membership of Local Aboriginal Land Councils
53   Membership of Local Aboriginal Land Councils
(cf former section 6 (3))
The members of the Local Aboriginal Land Council for a Local Aboriginal Land Council area are the adult Aboriginal persons who are listed on the Local Aboriginal Land Council membership roll for that area.
54   Local Aboriginal Land Council membership rolls
(cf former section 7 (1) and (2))
(1)  The chief executive officer of a Local Aboriginal Land Council must, in respect of the Local Aboriginal Land Council area, prepare and maintain a Local Aboriginal Land Council membership roll (the membership roll).
(2)  The chief executive officer of a Local Aboriginal Land Council must list on the membership roll for the area of the Council the names and addresses of those persons who are qualified for membership.
(2A)  A person is qualified for membership if:
(a)  the person is an adult Aboriginal person who resides within the area of the Local Aboriginal Land Council concerned and is accepted as being qualified on that basis to be a member by a meeting of the Council, or
(b)  the person is an adult Aboriginal person who has a sufficient association with the area of the Local Aboriginal Land Council concerned (as determined by the voting members of the Council at a meeting of the Council) and is accepted as being qualified on that basis to be a member by a meeting of the Council, or
(c)  the person is an Aboriginal owner in relation to land within the area of the Local Aboriginal Land Council concerned and has made a written application for membership in accordance with subsection (3).
(2B)  The membership roll must indicate whether a member is a person who is included on the roll because of residence or association, or as an Aboriginal owner, and must indicate the basis for that inclusion.
(3)  A person seeking to be accepted as a member of a Local Aboriginal Land Council must make and submit to that Council a written application for that membership that:
(a)  declares that the person is eligible for inclusion on the membership roll, and
(b)  sets out the grounds (other than acceptance as being qualified at a meeting) on which the person is qualified for inclusion on the membership roll, and
(b1)  sets out the basis on which the person asserts his or her Aboriginal descent and, if the application declares that the person has a sufficient association with that Council’s area, the basis of that association, and
(c)  if the person is seeking to be accepted as a voting member of the Council—attaches a notice from the Registrar declaring that the person is not a voting member of any other Local Aboriginal Land Council.
Note.
 If a person is a voting member of one Local Aboriginal Land Council and wishes to join and become a voting member of another Local Aboriginal Land Council, the person must first be accepted as a non-voting member of the second Local Aboriginal Land Council under this section. The person must then make a nomination under section 56 to change the Council in which the person intends to have voting rights.
(4)  A person must not make an application for membership of an Aboriginal Land Council that the persons knows, or ought reasonably to know, is false or misleading in a material particular.
Maximum penalty (subsection (4)): 10 penalty units.
Note.
 An Aboriginal person may request that the Registrar issue a compliance direction under Part 12 if the person believes a Local Aboriginal Land Council has, in contravention of this Act:
(a)  failed or refused to list the person’s name on the membership roll of the Council, or
(b)  removed the person’s name from that roll.
55   Aboriginal persons may be member of more than one Local Aboriginal Land Council
(1)  An Aboriginal person may be a member of more than one Local Aboriginal Land Council.
(2)  However, a person is entitled to voting rights in relation to one Local Aboriginal Land Council only at any one time.
(3)  The Local Aboriginal Land Council in relation to which the person has voting rights is to be the Council nominated by the person or, if the person has not made a nomination, the Council for the area within which the person resides.
(4)  A non-voting member of a Local Aboriginal Land Council is not entitled to vote:
(a)  in elections for Board members, or
(b)  on any matter to be determined by the Council.
(4A)  A voting member of a Local Aboriginal Land Council is not entitled to vote in elections for Board members if:
(a)  the member has not attended at least 2 meetings of the Council in the preceding 12 months as a voting member, or
(b)  the member is suspended from membership of the Council or Board.
(4B)  Subsection (4A) (a) does not apply if an administrator was appointed to perform all of the functions of the Local Aboriginal Land Council for all or part of the relevant 12-month period.
(5)  A vote by a non-voting member of a Local Aboriginal Land Council or a member referred to in subsection (4A) in such an election or on such a matter is void.
56   Nomination of voting area
(1)  A person who is a member of more than one Local Aboriginal Land Council may, by notice in writing given to the Registrar, make a nomination to change the Council in relation to which the person has voting rights (being a Council of which the person is a member).
(2)  A person must not make more than one nomination under subsection (1) in any 12 month period.
(3)  The Registrar may at any time, by notice in writing to a person who the Registrar believes is a member of 2 or more Local Aboriginal Land Councils, require the person to make a nomination under this section within the time specified in the notice.
(4)  If a nomination is not made within the time required under subsection (3), the Local Aboriginal Land Council in relation to which the person has voting rights is to be the Council for the area within which the person resides.
(5)  The Registrar is, as soon as practicable, to give notice of the receipt of a nomination or of a failure to make a nomination under this section to the person concerned and to the Registrar and the chief executive officer of each Local Aboriginal Land Council of which the person is a member.
(6)  The chief executive officer of each such Council must record on the membership roll for the Local Aboriginal Land Council the Council in relation to which the person has voting rights.
57   Suspension of members from attending Council meetings
(cf clause 10 of Schedule 1 to 1996 Regulation)
(1)  A Local Aboriginal Land Council may suspend a member of the Council (other than a Board member) from attending meetings of the Council for a specified time (not exceeding 3 years) if the Council decides that the conduct of the member:
(a)  constitutes a serious breach of the Code of Conduct for members of the Local Aboriginal Land Council, or
(b)  is otherwise detrimental to the best interests of the Council.
(2)  During any period of suspension, the member is not entitled:
(a)  to attend meetings of that Council, or
(b)  to vote:
(i)  in elections for officers of the Council, or
(ii)  on any matter to be determined by the Council, or
(c)  if the member is also a member of another Local Aboriginal Land Council—to make a nomination to change the Council in relation to which the person has voting rights.
(3)  A Local Aboriginal Land Council that has suspended a member under this section may at any time revoke the suspension.
(4)  The chief executive officer of a Local Aboriginal Land Council that has suspended a member under this section must notify the Registrar of the suspension, and the details of the suspension, and of any revocation of that suspension.
(5)  At the end of the period of suspension, the member is entitled to attend Council meetings, vote and make a nomination in relation to voting rights unless the Council, by a further vote, held in accordance with this section, sets another period of suspension.
57A   Inactive members
(1)  The chief executive officer of a Local Aboriginal Land Council may, by notice in writing to a member of the Council (other than a Board member of the Council), declare the member to be an inactive member if, and only if, the member has been absent from 6 consecutive meetings of the Council (or such other number of meetings as may be prescribed by the regulations).
(2)  Before declaring a member of a Local Aboriginal Land Council to be an inactive member, the chief executive officer of the Council must:
(a)  inform the member, in writing, of the following:
(i)  that the member will be declared to be an inactive member if the member does not attend the requisite number of meetings of the Council,
(ii)  that the chief executive officer intends to declare the member to be an inactive member after the next meeting of the Council,
(iii)  the date, time and location of the meeting of the Council after which the chief executive officer intends to make the declaration (being a meeting not less than 20 days after the date the notice is given, or such other period as may be prescribed by the regulations),
(iv)  the process to be followed by the member to prevent the declaration being made or to cease being an inactive member, and
(b)  at the meeting of the Council after which the chief executive officer intends to declare a member inactive, inform the members in attendance at the meeting of the chief executive officer’s intention.
(3)  If the chief executive officer of a Local Aboriginal Land Council declares a member of the Council to be an inactive member under subsection (1), the chief executive officer must make an entry in the Council’s membership roll accordingly.
(4)  A member of a Local Aboriginal Land Council ceases to be an inactive member of the Council if the member:
(a)  attends a meeting of the Council, or
(b)  at any time after being informed of the chief executive officer’s intention to declare a member to be inactive requests, in writing to the Registrar, that the member not be declared to be an inactive member.
(5)  If a member of a Local Aboriginal Land Council makes a request under subsection (4) (b), the Registrar must notify the chief executive officer of the relevant Council of the member’s request and may issue a compliance direction to the chief executive officer in relation to the maintenance of the Council’s membership roll.
(6)  A member of a Local Aboriginal Land Council, during any period that the member is declared to be an inactive member under this section, is not to be counted as a voting member of the Council for the purposes of determining the quorum required for a meeting of the Council.
58   Removal of person’s name from membership roll
(cf clause 8 (2) of Schedule 1 to 1996 Regulation)
The chief executive officer of a Local Aboriginal Land Council must remove the name of a person from the Council’s membership roll if, and only if:
(a)  the person dies, or
(b)  the person resigns in writing, or
(c)  if the person is a member because the person resided in the Council area—the person no longer resides in the Council area and the Council at a meeting decides that the person does not have a sufficient association with the area to continue as a member, or
(d)  the chief executive officer is satisfied, after making reasonable inquiries, that the residential address of the person is unknown.
59   Updating and consolidation of membership rolls
(1)  The chief executive officer of each Local Aboriginal Land Council must:
(a)  within such period as may be prescribed by the regulations, send a copy of the Council’s membership roll, certified as correct by the chief executive officer, to the Registrar, and
(b)  advise the Registrar in writing of any changes to the membership roll that have occurred since a copy was last sent to the Registrar.
(2)  The chief executive officer of a Local Aboriginal Land Council is to ensure, so far as practicable, that the membership roll of the Council is kept up to date.
(3)  The Registrar is to compile and maintain a consolidated roll of all members of Local Aboriginal Land Councils.
(4)    (Repealed)
60   Regulations concerning membership of Local Aboriginal Land Council and membership rolls
(cf former section 7 (3))
The Governor may make regulations for or with respect to:
(a)  the preparation and maintenance of Local Aboriginal Land Council membership rolls, and
(b)  the particulars to be recorded in Local Aboriginal Land Council membership rolls, and
(c)  the removal of particulars from Local Aboriginal Land Council membership rolls, and
(d)  the procedure to be followed by Local Aboriginal Land Councils when deciding whether to suspend a member from attending Council meetings and voting.
Division 3 Boards of Local Aboriginal Land Councils
61   Local Aboriginal Land Councils to have Boards
(1)  Each Local Aboriginal Land Council is to have a Board consisting of not less than 5, and not more than 10, members.
(2)  The number of Board members for each Local Aboriginal Land Council is to be determined in accordance with the regulations.
(3)  Part 2 of Schedule 3 has effect with respect to the procedure of Boards of Local Aboriginal Land Councils.
(4)  The regulations may prescribe additional requirements with respect to meetings.
62   Functions of Boards of Local Aboriginal Land Councils
(1)  A Board of a Local Aboriginal Land Council has the following functions:
(a)  to direct and control the affairs of the Council,
(b)  to facilitate communication between the Council’s members and the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council,
(c)  to review the performance of the Council in the exercise of its functions and the achievement of its objectives,
(c1)  without limiting paragraph (a), to enter into short-term residential tenancy agreements in relation to land vested in the Council and to manage or terminate such agreements,
(d)  any other functions conferred on the Board by or under this Act.
(1A)  Without limiting subsection (1), a Board of a Local Aboriginal Land Council may, subject to any directions of the Council, exercise:
(a)  any of the functions of the Council on behalf of the Council, other than any function that under this or any other Act that is expressly required to be exercised by resolution of the voting members of the Council, and
(b)  any function delegated to the Board under section 52E.
(2)  The functions of the Board of a Local Aboriginal Land Council are to be exercised in accordance with this Act and the regulations and consistently with the community, land and business plan of the Council.
63   Board members
(1)  The Board members are to be elected at every fourth annual meeting of a Local Aboriginal Land Council.
(2)  A person is not qualified to be nominated to stand for election, or to be elected, as a Board member of a Local Aboriginal Land Council if, at the time of the nomination or election, any of the following applies to the person:
(a)  the person is not a voting member of the Council,
(b)  the person is suspended or disqualified from holding office as a Board member or is suspended from membership of the Council,
(c)  the person has not attended at least 2 meetings of the Council in the last 12 months.
(2A)  Subsection (2) (c) does not apply if an administrator was appointed to perform all of the functions of the Local Aboriginal Land Council for all or part of the relevant 12-month period.
(2B)  A person may nominate another person to stand for election as a Board member of a Local Aboriginal Land Council if, at the time of the nomination, all of the following apply to the person:
(a)  the person is a voting member of the Council, and
(b)  the person is not suspended from membership of the Council, and
(c)  the person has attended at least 2 meetings of the Council in the last 12 months.
(2C)  Subsection (2B) (c) does not apply if an administrator was appointed to perform all of the functions of the Local Aboriginal Land Council for all or part of the relevant 12-month period.
(3)  The term of office of a Board member commences on the Board member’s election and ends on the election of the next Board at the fourth annual meeting of the Council following the member’s election.
(4)  A Board member is entitled to be paid such travelling and other allowances as the Minister may from time to time determine in respect of the member.
(5)  A Board member is eligible for re-election, subject to this Act.
(6)  The Registrar is to be the returning officer for an election.
(7)  Elections for Board members are to be conducted in accordance with the regulations.
(8)  Without limiting subsection (7), the regulations may make provision with respect to the nomination of persons to stand for election as a Board member of a Local Aboriginal Land Council.
64   Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson
(1)  A Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson of the Board of a Local Aboriginal Land Council are to be elected from among the Board members.
(1A)  An election for the Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson is to be held at the first meeting of the Board after its election.
(1B)  If there is a vacancy in the office of Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson, an election is to be held to fill the vacant office at the first meeting of the Board after the vacancy.
(1C)  A person elected to hold office as Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson is to hold office for:
(a)  2 years, or
(b)  if the person is elected to fill a vacancy arising during the term of office of the previous Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson—the remainder of the previous office holder’s term of office.
(1D)  The Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson are eligible (if otherwise qualified) for re-election.
(2)  The Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson of a Board have the functions conferred on the Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson by or under this Act.
(3)  In the absence of the Chairperson of a Board, the Deputy Chairperson:
(a)  is, if available, to act in the place of the Chairperson, and
(b)  while so acting, has all the functions of the Chairperson and is taken to be the Chairperson of the Board.
(4)  If a Chairperson of a Board becomes a councillor, the person ceases to be the Chairperson and a new Chairperson is to be elected.
(5)  Elections for Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson are to be conducted in accordance with the regulations.
65   Training for Board members
(1)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must arrange training in relation to the matters prescribed by the regulations for each member elected to a Board of a Local Aboriginal Land Council.
(2)  The training is to be provided not later than 6 months after the date of election of a Board member.
(3)  A Board member must not refuse or fail to undergo training provided under this section when required to do so by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council.
(4)  If a Board member refuses or fails to undergo training provided under this section when required to do so by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, the Board member is, on written notice being given to the Board member by the Council, suspended from office as a Board member until the person undergoes the training.
(5)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may:
(a)  exempt a Board member wholly or partly from the requirement to undergo training provided under this section, if the Council is satisfied that the Board member has previously undergone training under this section or already has sufficient expertise, skills and experience to carry out his or her functions as a Board member, or
(b)  extend the period within which training is to be provided to a Board member under this section.
66   Grounds for disqualification from office
(1)  A person is disqualified from holding office as a Board member of a Local Aboriginal Land Council if the person:
(a)  has a conviction in New South Wales or elsewhere for an offence relating to the management of a corporation, that was recorded within the last 5 years, or
(b)  has a conviction for an offence under this Act that was recorded within the last 5 years, or
(c)  has a conviction in New South Wales for any other offence that is punishable by imprisonment for 12 months or more or is convicted elsewhere than in New South Wales of an offence that, if committed in New South Wales, would be an offence so punishable that was recorded within the last 5 years, or
(d)  ceases to be a voting member of the Council, or
(e)  becomes a councillor of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, or
(f)  is a mentally incapacitated person, or
(g)  is or becomes bankrupt, applies to take the benefit of any law for the relief of bankrupt or insolvent debtors, compounds with his or her creditors or makes an assignment of his or her remuneration for their benefit, or
(h)  is or was a director or person concerned in the management of a body corporate that is the subject of a winding up order or for which a controller or administrator has been appointed under the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth during the last 3 years, or
(i)  is disqualified from holding office in or being concerned in the management of a corporation under any law of this or any other State or Territory or the Commonwealth, or
(j)  is an employee of, or a consultant to, the Council, or
(k)  was, within the last 5 years, an officer of the Local Aboriginal Land Council immediately before an administrator was appointed for the Council, or
(l)  fails, without a reasonable excuse, for a period of 3 months or more to comply with a written requirement by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council to undergo training under section 65, or
(m)  is disqualified from holding office as a councillor (other than on the ground that the person is an employee of, or consultant to, the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council).
(2)  The Registrar may determine that an offence committed by a person should be ignored for the purposes of this section because of the time that has passed since the offence was committed or because of the triviality of the acts or omissions giving rise to the offence.
(3)  The Registrar may determine that a person is not disqualified on the ground set out in subsection (1) (k) if the Registrar is satisfied that it is appropriate in the circumstances that the person not be disqualified on that ground.
(4)  Despite subsection (1) (j), a person is not disqualified from holding office as a Board member of a Local Aboriginal Land Council (and is taken not to have been disqualified from holding office at the time of the person’s nomination) on the ground that the person is an employee of, or a consultant to, the Council if the person resigns as an employee of, or as a consultant to, the Council as soon as practicable after becoming aware of the result of the election.
67   Vacancy in office
A person who is a Board member of a Local Aboriginal Land Council vacates office if the person:
(a)  dies, or
(b)  is absent from 2 consecutive meetings of the Board or the Council of which reasonable notice has been given to the person personally or by post, except on leave granted by the Board or unless the person is excused by the Board for having been absent from those meetings, or
(c)  completes a term of office and is not re-elected, or
(d)  resigns the office by instrument in writing addressed to the Council, or
(e)  becomes disqualified from holding office as a Board member under this Act, or
(f)  is removed from office by the Council for the breach of a dismissal provision of a code of conduct referred to in section 177 (5) (a).
68   Casual vacancy
(1)  A person is to be appointed in accordance with the regulations to fill a casual vacancy in the office of a Board member for the remainder of the term of office.
(2)  A casual vacancy in the office of a Board member occurs when a person who is disqualified from holding office as a Board member is declared (or purportedly declared) to have been elected to the office despite, at the time of nomination or election, not being qualified to be nominated to stand for election or to be elected.
69   NCAT may declare particular offices of Local Aboriginal Land Council vacant
(cf section 329 of Local Government Act 1993)
(1)  Any person may apply to the Civil and Administrative Tribunal for an order declaring that a particular office of a Board member of a Local Aboriginal Land Council has become vacant under this Act.
(2)    (Repealed)
70   (Repealed)
71   Effect of order declaring vacancy
(cf section 331 of Local Government Act 1993)
An order declaring a vacancy in an office made by the Civil and Administrative Tribunal under this Division takes effect:
(a)  if no appeal is made under the Civil and Administrative Tribunal Act 2013 against the order, at the end of the period during which such an appeal may be made, or
(b)  if such an appeal is made within that period and the order is confirmed on appeal, when the order is confirmed, or
(c)  if, within that period, the person against whom the order is made serves on the Chief Executive Officer of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council written notice of intention not to appeal against the order, when the notice is lodged.
72   Delegation by Boards
(1)  A Board may delegate to the chief executive officer of the Local Aboriginal Land Council, or to any other person or body prescribed by the regulations, any of the functions of the Board other than this power of delegation and any matter under this Act or the regulations that also requires the approval of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council.
(2)  A Board must, once every year and immediately after an election of the Board, review all its delegations.
Division 4
73–77  (Repealed)
Division 5 Staff of Local Aboriginal Land Councils
78   Staff
(cf former section 12A)
A Local Aboriginal Land Council may employ such staff, and engage such consultants, as are necessary to enable the Council to exercise its functions.
78A   Chief executive officer
(1)  A Local Aboriginal Land Council must employ a member of staff to exercise the functions of the chief executive officer of the Council for the purposes of this Act.
(2)  The chief executive officer has the following particular functions:
(a)  the day-to-day management of the Council’s affairs,
(a1)  to assist in the preparation and implementation of the Council’s community, land and business plan,
(b)  the exercise of such functions of the Board as are delegated by the Board to the chief executive officer,
(c)  the appointment of staff in accordance with the approval of the Board,
(d)  the direction and dismissal of members of staff,
(e)  such other functions as may be conferred or imposed on the chief executive officer by or under this or any other Act.
(3)  The chief executive officer may delegate to any member of staff of the Local Aboriginal Land Council any of the functions of the chief executive officer, other than this power of delegation.
78B   Certain persons must not be employed as chief executive officers
(1)  The following persons must not be or continue to be employed as the chief executive officer of a Local Aboriginal Land Council:
(a)  a person who is a Board member of the Council or a councillor,
(b)  a person who has a conviction in New South Wales or elsewhere for an offence relating to the management of a corporation that was recorded within the last 5 years,
(c)  a person who has a conviction in New South Wales for an offence that is punishable by imprisonment for 12 months or more or is convicted elsewhere than in New South Wales of an offence that, if committed in New South Wales, would be an offence so punishable, that was recorded within the last 5 years,
(d)  a person who is disqualified from holding office in or being concerned in the management of a corporation under any law of this or any other State or Territory or the Commonwealth,
(e)  a person who has an interest in, or is an employee of or concerned in the management of, a corporation that receives a benefit from the Council,
(f)  a person who is already engaged as a consultant to the Council,
(g)  a person who is a member of staff of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council,
(h)  a person who has been dismissed on the recommendation of the former Aboriginal Land Councils Pecuniary Interest and Disciplinary Tribunal or the Civil and Administrative Tribunal within the last 5 years,
(i)  a person who is disqualified under this Act from being a Board member or a councillor (other than on the grounds of employment by the Council or ceasing to be a voting member of a Local Aboriginal Land Council).
(2)  The Registrar may determine that an offence committed by a person should be ignored for the purposes of this section because of the time that has passed since the offence was committed or because of the triviality of the acts or omissions giving rise to the offence.
(3)  Despite subsection (1) (e), a person may, with the approval of the Board of a Local Aboriginal Land Council, be employed or continue to be employed as the chief executive officer of the Local Aboriginal Land Council, if the person would be prohibited merely because:
(a)  the person is concerned in the management of a corporation established, acquired, operated or managed in connection with an arrangement to which section 52C applies, or
(b)  the person is employed as the chief executive officer of another Local Aboriginal Land Council.
78C   Filling of vacancy in position of chief executive officer
(1)  If a vacancy occurs in the position of chief executive officer, the Local Aboriginal Land Council must immediately appoint a person under section 78A to the vacant position or appoint a person to act in the vacant position.
(2)  A vacancy occurs in the position of chief executive officer if the chief executive officer:
(a)  dies, or
(b)  completes the term of his or her contract and is not re-appointed, or
(c)  resigns from the position, or
(d)  becomes a mentally incapacitated person and is removed from the position by the Council because of that mental incapacity, or
(e)  is removed from the position on a ground set out in section 78B or for any other reason.
79   Certain persons must not be employed
(1)  A person who is convicted of an offence under Part 3 (except section 61), 4, 4AA, 4AB, 4AC, 4ACA, 4AD, 4AE, 4A, 4B, 5 or 5A of the Crimes Act 1900 must not be employed as a staff member of, or a consultant to, a Local Aboriginal Land Council for 5 years from the date of conviction.
(1A)  The Registrar may determine that an offence committed by a person may be disregarded for the purposes of subsection (1) because of:
(a)  the time that has passed since the offence was committed, or
(b)  the triviality of the acts or omissions giving rise to the offence, or
(c)  the nature and circumstances of the proposed employment.
(1B)  A person must not be employed as a staff member of, or engaged as a consultant to, a Local Aboriginal Land Council if the person has been convicted of:
(a)  an offence that involves sexual intercourse with a child or of attempting, or of conspiracy or incitement, to commit an offence of that kind, or
(b)  an offence under section 66EB of the Crimes Act 1900, or
(c)  an offence under section 80D of the Crimes Act 1900 where the person against whom the offence is committed is a person under the age of 18 years.
(2)  A person who is an officer of an Aboriginal Land Council must not be employed as a member of staff of a Local Aboriginal Land Council while the person is an officer of an Aboriginal Land Council.
(3)  A person who is a consultant to a Local Aboriginal Land Council must not be employed as a member of staff of that Council while the person is such a consultant.
(4)  A member of staff of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must not be employed as a member of staff of a Local Aboriginal Land Council while the person is such a member of staff.
(5)  Subsection (4) does not prevent a member of staff of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council from being seconded to the staff of a Local Aboriginal Land Council.
79A   Advertising vacancies
(1)  If it is proposed to make an appointment to the vacant position of chief executive officer of a Local Aboriginal Land Council (other than the appointment of a person to act in the position), the Board must ensure that the vacancy is advertised in the manner prescribed by the regulations.
(2)  If it is proposed to make an appointment to a vacant position in the staff of a Local Aboriginal Land Council (other than the chief executive officer), the chief executive officer must advertise the vacancy in such manner as the chief executive officer considers appropriate.
(3)  The chief executive officer need not advertise a vacant position in the circumstances prescribed by the regulations.
80   Appointments and promotion to be on merit
(1)  Appointments to the staff of a Local Aboriginal Land Council and promotions for members of that staff are to be made on the basis of the merit of the applicants for appointment or promotion.
(2)  The merit of persons eligible for appointment or promotion to a vacant position is to be determined having regard to:
(a)  the nature of the duties of the position, and
(b)  the abilities, qualifications, experience, standard of work performance and personal qualities of those persons that are relevant to the performance of those duties.
81   Consultants to be engaged on merit
(1)  A decision by a Local Aboriginal Land Council to engage a consultant is to be made on the basis of merit.
(2)  The merit of persons eligible to be engaged as a consultant is to be determined having regard to:
(a)  the nature of the duties of the work required to be done, and
(b)  the abilities, qualifications, experience, standard of work performance and personal qualities of those persons that are relevant to the performance of those duties.
Division 6 Community, land and business plans
82   Community, land and business plans
(1)  A Local Aboriginal Land Council must prepare and implement a community, land and business plan.
(1A)  A Local Aboriginal Land Council must, within 9 months after the holding of an election of Board members for the Council, approve or amend the community, land and business plan for the Council that was in force immediately before the election.
(2)  A Local Aboriginal Land Council preparing a community, land and business plan must consult with the following persons:
(a)  members of the Council,
(b)  persons who have a cultural association with the land within the Council’s area,
(c)  any other persons required to be consulted by the regulations or a policy of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council.
(3)  A Local Aboriginal Land Council may amend a community, land and business plan.
(4)  The provisions of this Division apply to any proposed amendment in the same way as they apply to the preparation and approval of a plan.
(5)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may exempt a Local Aboriginal Land Council wholly or partly from the requirement to prepare a community, land and business plan, if the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council is satisfied that, having regard to the limited operations of the Local Aboriginal Land Council, compliance is not appropriate.
(6)  For the purposes of this section, a person has a cultural association with land if the person is an Aboriginal owner in relation to land within the area of the Local Aboriginal Land Council concerned or is a person of a class prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this subsection.
83   Matters covered by community, land and business plans
A community, land and business plan of a Local Aboriginal Land Council must contain the following:
(a)  the objectives and strategy of the Council in relation to the acquisition, management and development of land and other assets,
(b)  the objectives and strategy of the Council in relation to the provision and management of community benefits schemes,
(c)  the objectives and strategy of the Council in relation to business enterprises and investment,
(d)  the objectives and strategy of the Council in relation to Aboriginal culture and heritage,
(e)  any other matter required to be included in the community, land and business plan by any applicable policy of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council,
(f)  any other matter prescribed by the regulations.
84   Approval of community, land and business plans
(1)  A community, land and business plan is adopted by a Local Aboriginal Land Council if it is approved by a meeting of the members of the Council, of which not less than 14 days notice was given.
(1A)  A Local Aboriginal Land Council resolution that approves the adoption of a community, land and business plan must be passed by not less than 80 per cent of the voting members of the Council present at a meeting at which a quorum is present.
(2)    (Repealed)
(3)  A Local Aboriginal Land Council must make available to its members, on request, for a period of not less than 14 days before any such meeting and at the meeting, a summary of the proposed community, land and business plan or a copy of the plan.
(4)  The summary is to contain the matters prescribed by the regulations.
(5)  More than one meeting may be called to enable approval of a community, land and business plan.
(5A)  A Local Aboriginal Land Council must, not more than 14 days after approving or amending a community, land and business plan, provide the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council with:
(a)  a copy of the plan, and
(b)  documentation demonstrating that the Council approved the plan in accordance with this Division.
(6)  A community, land and business plan for a Local Aboriginal Land Council takes effect on the day on which it is approved or on such later date as may be specified in the plan.
(7)  A community, land and business plan has effect for the period (not exceeding 5 years) specified in the plan or until it is replaced, whichever occurs first.
(8)  Failure to comply with a requirement of this Division for the preparation or approval of a community, land or business plan does not affect the validity of the plan.
85   Chairperson may refer community, land and business plan to New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council
(1)    (Repealed)
(2)  If a Local Aboriginal Land Council is not able to reach agreement on a proposed community, land and business plan within 3 months after it is first proposed for approval at a meeting of the Council, the Chairperson of the Board may refer the proposed plan to the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council.
(3)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may amend or replace a proposed community, land and business plan referred to it under subsection (2) and may refer the amended or replaced plan to the Local Aboriginal Land Council for approval.
86   Administration may follow plan failure
(1)  A failure by a Local Aboriginal Land Council to approve the same or another proposed community, land and business plan after a plan is referred to it by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council under section 85 (3) is, for the purposes of section 222 (1) (e), a substantial breach of the requirements of this Act.
(2)  A substantial failure by a Local Aboriginal Land Council to comply with its community, land and business plan is, for the purposes of section 222 (1) (e), a substantial breach of the requirements of this Act.
Note.
 The effect of a substantial breach is that an administrator may be appointed for the Local Aboriginal Land Council.
Division 7 Changes to Local Aboriginal Land Councils and areas of Local Aboriginal Land Councils
87   Changes to Local Aboriginal Land Council areas
(1)  The Minister may, by order published in the Gazette, do any one or more of the following:
(a)  change the name of a Local Aboriginal Land Council area,
(b)  change the boundaries of a Local Aboriginal Land Council area,
(c)  amalgamate 2 or more Local Aboriginal Land Council areas and constitute the amalgamated area as a Local Aboriginal Land Council area,
(d)  without limiting paragraph (b) or (c), include the whole of the area of a Local Aboriginal Land Council within the area of one or more other Local Aboriginal Land Councils,
(e)  dissolve a Local Aboriginal Land Council.
(2)  If the Minister makes an order under subsection (1) (b), (c), (d) or (e), the Minister may, in the same order, specify the Councils to which members of existing Councils affected by the order may (with the members’ consent) be allocated, or a method of determining the allocation of members (with the members’ consent).
(3)  The Minister may make an order under subsection (1) only if the order concerned is permitted or required by or under this Act or the regulations.
(4)  The regulations may make provision of a savings or transitional nature consequent on the making of orders under this section, including (but not limited to) construing references to Local Aboriginal Land Council areas and Councils and elections for Boards of new Local Aboriginal Land Councils.
88   Effect of dissolution
On the day an order dissolving a Local Aboriginal Land Council takes effect, the Council ceases to exist and the Board members of the Council cease to hold office.
89   Transfer of assets, rights and liabilities
(1)  If the Minister makes an order under section 87 (1), the Minister may, after consulting with the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, by order in writing, direct that all or part of the assets, rights and liabilities be transferred to an Aboriginal Land Council specified in the order.
(2)  An order under this section may be subject to specified terms and conditions.
(3)  More than one order may be made in respect of the same assets, rights and liabilities following the making of an order referred to in subsection (1).
(4)  Schedule 3A has effect with respect to the transfer of assets, rights and liabilities under this section.
(5)  Words and expressions used in this section have the same meanings as they have in Schedule 3A.
(6)  Despite any other provision of this section, lands vested in a Local Aboriginal Land Council under Part 4A of the NPW Act vest in accordance with that Part.
Note.
 Part 4A of the NPW Act deals with lands reserved or dedicated under that Act that are vested in an Aboriginal Land Council or Councils and are leased by that Council or Councils to the Minister administering that Act.
(7)  An order under this section must, if the Aboriginal Land Council from which the assets, rights or liabilities are to be transferred under this section is a deductible gift recipient, provide for the transfer of the assets, rights or liabilities to an Aboriginal Land Council that is also a deductible gift recipient.
(8)  In this section, an Aboriginal Land Council is a deductible gift recipient if the Council is endorsed as a deductible gift recipient under the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 of the Commonwealth.
90   Voluntary changes
(1)  The Minister may make an order under section 87 in relation to a Local Aboriginal Land Council area or a Local Aboriginal Land Council on application made by an Aboriginal Land Council or a person in accordance with the regulations.
(2)  For the purposes of this section, regulations may be made for or with respect to the following matters:
(a)  the persons who may apply for an order under section 87,
(b)  applications for the making of an order,
(c)  procedures for approval of applications,
(d)  the making of recommendations to the Minister with respect to proposals to change Local Aboriginal Land Council areas,
(e)  determination of applications,
(f)  the functions of the Registrar in relation to applications,
(g)  the lodging of objections against the refusal of applications,
(h)  the reference to the Court of any such objections and the hearing and determination of any such objections.
91   Changes on initiative of Minister
(1)  The Minister may make an order under section 87 in relation to a Local Aboriginal Land Council area or a Local Aboriginal Land Council if the Minister is satisfied that the Council:
(a)  has less than 50 voting members, or
(b)  has less than 3% of the potential members who reside in its area, as determined from the most recent available Australian census data, or
(c)  has a membership that is in significant decline, or
(d)  has not, for a period of not less than 3 months, been able to elect the required number of Board members, or
(e)  cannot pay its debts as and when they fall due, or
(f)  has had qualified audits or has failed to provide complete financial statements for any 3 of the last 5 years, or
(g)  has had an administrator appointed under this Act for any 3 of the last 5 years, or
(h)  is the subject of a report by an investigator or administrator under this Act, the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council or the Local Aboriginal Land Council that has found that the Local Aboriginal Land Council has ceased to function, or
(i)  has had an administrator appointed for a period of 6 months on one or more grounds, including the ground that the Local Aboriginal Land Council had been operating a community benefits scheme for the provision or acquisition of residential accommodation for Aboriginal persons in its area and the scheme continues to operate in contravention of the requirement for approval of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council under section 52A.
Note.
 Section 52A (1A) provides that the approval of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council is not required if the Local Aboriginal Land Council is a registered Aboriginal housing organisation (within the meaning of the Aboriginal Housing Act 1998) or a registered community housing provider (within the meaning of the Community Housing Providers National Law (NSW)).
(2)  The Minister may take action on a ground specified subsection (1) (a)–(f) on the basis of a report by the Registrar.
(3)  The Minister may not make an order on a ground specified in subsection (1):
(a)  in the case of an order amalgamating one or more Local Aboriginal Land Councils—except with the consent of the Councils, or
(b)  in the case of an order including the area of a dissolved Local Aboriginal Land Council in the area of one or more other Councils—except with the consent of those other Councils.
92   Objections to Minister’s changes
(1)  Before taking action on a ground under section 91, the Minister must notify the following persons of the proposed action and of their rights under this section:
(a)  the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council,
(b)  the Board of any Local Aboriginal Land Council affected,
(c)  the members of any such Council,
(d)  any investigator appointed to investigate the affairs of any such Council,
(e)  any administrator of any such Council.
(2)  A person notified of a proposed action may make submissions, within 21 days of being notified, to the Minister about the proposed action.
(3)  Before determining whether to take the action, the Minister must consider any submissions received under this section.
Part 6 Regions
93   Regions
(1)  The Region for a Local Aboriginal Land Council is the Region specified for the Council in Schedule 5.
(2)  The Governor may, by order published on the NSW legislation website, amend or substitute Schedule 5.
(3)  An order that has the effect of changing the area of a Region may not be made except on the recommendation of the Minister.
(4)  The Minister must not make a recommendation unless the Minister is satisfied that any Local Aboriginal Land Council affected, and the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, consent to the change of Region.
(5)  Subsection (4) does not apply if the change results from an order made under section 87.
(6)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council or a Local Aboriginal Land Council may at any time request the Minister to change the name of a Region or the Council areas included in the Region.
(7)  Regulations may be made for or with respect to elections for councillors and other matters consequential on changes to Regions.
94–103   (Repealed)
Part 7 New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council
Division 1 Constitution of New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council
104   Constitution of NSW Aboriginal Land Council
(cf former section 22 (1))
(1)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council is constituted by this Act.
(2)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council is a body corporate and has the corporate name of the “New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council”.
105   Objects of New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council
(cf clause 5 of Schedule 1 to 1996 Regulation)
The objects of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council are:
(a)  to improve, protect and foster the best interests of Aboriginal persons within New South Wales, and
(b)  to relieve poverty, sickness, suffering, distress, misfortune, destitution and helplessness of Aboriginal persons within New South Wales.
Division 2 Functions of New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council
106   Functions of New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council
(1)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council has the functions conferred or imposed on it by or under this or any other Act.
(2) Land acquisition The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council has the following functions in relation to the acquisition of land and related matters:
(a)  in accordance with this Act and the regulations, to acquire land on its own behalf or on behalf of or to be vested in a Local Aboriginal Land Council and to use, manage, control, hold, transfer to a Local Aboriginal Land Council or dispose of, or otherwise deal with, land vested in or acquired by the Council,
(b)  functions relating to the acquisition of land and any other functions conferred on it by or under Part 4A of the NPW Act,
(c)  to submit proposals for the listing in Schedule 14 to the NPW Act of lands of cultural significance to Aboriginal persons that are reserved under the NPW Act,
(d)  to negotiate the lease by the Council or by the Council and one or more other Aboriginal Land Councils of lands to which section 36A applies to the Minister administering the NPW Act,
(e)  when exercising its functions with respect to land that is the subject of a lease, or proposed lease, under Part 4A of the NPW Act, to act in the best interests of the Aboriginal owners of the land,
(f)  to make claims to Crown lands or enter into Aboriginal Land Agreements, either on its own behalf or, if requested by a Local Aboriginal Land Council, on behalf of that Council,
(g)  to compile and maintain a register of all land held by Local Aboriginal Land Councils and to make the information available on request to the members of the Council concerned.
(3) Oversight of Local Aboriginal Land Councils The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council has the following functions in relation to Local Aboriginal Land Councils:
(a)  with the agreement of a Local Aboriginal Land Council, to manage any of the affairs of the Council,
(a1)  to assist and support Local Aboriginal Land Councils in exercising functions under this Act (including by the grant or loan of funds to Councils),
(b)  to assist Local Aboriginal Land Councils in complying with this Act in respect of the establishment and keeping of accounts and the preparation and submission of budgets and financial reports,
(c)  to assist Local Aboriginal Land Councils in the preparation and implementation of community, land and business plans,
(d)    (Repealed)
(e)  to assist Local Aboriginal Land Councils in conducting elections in accordance with this Act for Board members,
(f)  to determine and approve or disapprove of the terms and conditions of agreements proposed by Local Aboriginal Land Councils to allow mining or mineral exploration on land,
(g)  to mediate, conciliate and arbitrate disputes relating to the operation of this Act or the regulations between Aboriginal Land Councils, between those Councils and individuals and between individual members of those Councils and to refer such disputes to the Registrar or independent mediators, conciliators and arbitrators,
(h)  to approve land dealings by Local Aboriginal Land Councils.
(4) Policy and advice The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council has the following functions in relation to policy and advice:
(a)  to advise the Minister on matters relating to Aboriginal land rights,
(b)  to prepare and implement policies relating to its functions under this Act and the functions of Local Aboriginal Land Councils under this Act.
(5) Administration of statutory accounts The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council is to administer the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council Account, the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council Community Fund and the Mining Royalties Account established under this Act.
(6) Native title The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council is to exercise the functions conferred or imposed, by the Commonwealth Native Title Act, on a representative Aboriginal/Torres Strait Islander body (within the meaning of that Act) if the Council is determined to be such a body by the relevant Commonwealth Minister under that Act.
(7) Aboriginal culture and heritage The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council has the following functions in relation to Aboriginal culture and heritage:
(a)  to take action to protect the culture and heritage of Aboriginal persons in New South Wales, subject to any other law,
(b)  to promote awareness in the community of the culture and heritage of Aboriginal persons in New South Wales.
(8) Financial stewardship The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council has the following functions in relation to financial management and business planning:
(a)  to prepare and implement policies relating to community, land and business plans required to be adopted by Aboriginal Land Councils,
(b)  to prepare and implement, in accordance with this Act, a community, land and business plan,
(c)  to manage, in accordance with this Act, the investment of any assets of the Council,
(d)  to facilitate business enterprises (including by establishing, acquiring, operating or managing business enterprises), in accordance with this Act,
(e)  to grant funds for the payment of the costs and expenses of Local Aboriginal Land Councils (whether under funding agreements with Local Aboriginal Land Councils or otherwise).
(9) Other functions prescribed by regulations The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council has any other functions prescribed by the regulations.
Note.
 Under section 50 of the Interpretation Act 1987, the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council has certain functions as a statutory corporation, including the power to purchase, exchange, take on lease, hold, dispose of and otherwise deal with property. That provision is subject to the provisions of this Act.
106A   Powers of New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council with respect to property
(1)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may do or suffer in relation to its property any act or thing that it could lawfully do or suffer if it were a natural person having, in the case of land, the same estate or interest in the property as the Council.
(2)  In particular, without limiting the generality of subsection (1), the Council may do or suffer any such act or thing to enable it to:
(a)  improve, or cause to be improved, any land vested in it, or
(b)  explore for and exploit, or cause to be explored for or exploited, mineral resources or other natural resources vested in it.
(3)  This section is subject to this Act.
107   Training
(1)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council is to provide or arrange training, in accordance with the regulations, for the purpose of developing the capacity of the following persons to exercise functions under this Act or the regulations:
(a)  councillors,
(b)  Board members,
(c)  members of staff of Aboriginal Land Councils.
(2)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council is to prepare and implement a capacity development plan for the purposes of carrying out its functions under this section.
(3)  Regulations may be made for or with respect to requirements for a capacity development plan.
108   Community benefits schemes
(1)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council has the following functions in relation to community benefits schemes:
(a)  directly or indirectly, to provide community benefits under community benefits schemes,
(b)    (Repealed)
(c)  to consider and approve the provision of community benefits schemes by or on behalf of Local Aboriginal Land Councils,
(d)  to make grants or lend money to, or invest money for or on behalf of, Aboriginal persons,
(e)  without limiting paragraph (a), to provide, acquire, construct, upgrade or extend residential accommodation for Aboriginal persons in the State,
(f)    (Repealed)
(g)  to maintain a register of approvals by the Council of community benefits schemes and to notify the Minister of any such approvals.
(2)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must ensure that any community benefits scheme under which community benefits are provided by it or on its behalf:
(a)  complies with this Act and the regulations, and
(b)  is consistent with any applicable policy of the Council, and
(c)  is consistent with the community, land and business plan of the Council, and
(d)  is fair and equitable and administered in a responsible and transparent way, and
(e)  will not prevent the Council from being able to meet its debts as and when they fall due.
(3)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may provide community benefits under a community benefits scheme to Aboriginal persons within the area of one or more Local Aboriginal Land Councils and may provide community benefits in conjunction with one or more Local Aboriginal Land Councils.
109   (Repealed)
110   Report on actions to increase membership of Local Aboriginal Land Councils
The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council is to include in its annual report a report of the actions it has taken to increase the membership of Local Aboriginal Land Councils.
111   New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council’s responsibilities in relation to certain arrangements and transfers
(1)  In this section:
enter into includes participate in.
entity means any partnership, trust, corporation, joint venture, syndicate or other body (whether or not incorporated).
(2)  This section applies to an arrangement entered into by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council:
(a)  for the purpose of exercising any of the Council’s functions under this Act (including providing a community benefits scheme), and
(b)  that includes the formation, acquisition, operation or management of an entity.
(3) NSWALC to report on certain arrangements The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must include, in the accounts and records of the Council under this Act and the regulations, details of any operations carried out under an arrangement to which this section applies (including any activities or operations carried out by the entity formed, acquired, operated or managed and any financial matters relating to any such entity).
(4)  Before entering into an arrangement to which this section applies, the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must take reasonable steps to ensure that the Council will not be prevented from complying with the Council’s reporting obligations in relation to the operations carried out under such an arrangement (including any financial matters relating to the entity formed, acquired, operated or managed under the arrangement).
(5) Risk assessment and approval for transfer of certain assets Before transferring assets in connection with an arrangement to which this section applies the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must, if required to do so by any applicable policy of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council (or, if no such policy exists, by the regulations):
(a)  conduct a risk assessment with respect to the proposed transfer in accordance with any applicable policy of the Council (or, if no such policy exists, the regulations), and
(b)  obtain the approval of the councillors to the transfer.
(6)  A requirement under this section that a risk assessment be conducted, or that the approval of the councillors be obtained, in relation to the proposed transfer of land in connection with an arrangement to which this section applies, is in addition to the requirements of section 42D.
(7) Requirement for approval resolutions A resolution that approves the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council’s proposed transfer or disposal of an asset or termination of an arrangement under this section must contain a statement identifying the purpose of the proposed action and any conditions to which the approval is subject.
(8) Approval of termination of certain arrangements The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may not terminate an arrangement to which this section applies, or dispose of an interest in an entity formed, acquired, operated or managed under such an arrangement, otherwise than in accordance with the approval of the councillors.
112   Duty of New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council not to transfer land or other assets to councillors, staff or consultants
(1)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must ensure that no part of the income or property of the Council is transferred directly or indirectly by way of dividend or bonus or otherwise by way of profit to councillors or any member of staff of, or consultant to, the Council.
(2)  Nothing in this section prevents:
(a)  the provision of a benefit in good faith to a councillor, member of staff or consultant in accordance with this Act, or
(b)  the payment in good faith of remuneration to any such councillor, member of staff or consultant.
113   Policies relating to Aboriginal Land Council functions
(1)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may prepare and implement policies about the following matters:
(a)  the contents, preparation and approval of community, land and business plans of Local Aboriginal Land Councils,
(b)  land dealings by Aboriginal Land Councils, including the assessment and approval by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council of land dealings by Local Aboriginal Land Councils,
(b1)  the provision of amounts from the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council Community Fund to Local Aboriginal Land Councils on the basis of need so as to increase resources and assets available for less advantaged Local Aboriginal Land Councils,
(c)  the management of investments by Local Aboriginal Land Councils,
(d)  the provision of training to members of staff, Board members and councillors,
(e)  community benefits schemes,
(f)  financial and reporting requirements for Aboriginal Land Councils, including any requirements for the verification and certification of accounts,
(g)  fees for assessments conducted by the Council,
(g1)  the entering into arrangements by Aboriginal Land Councils that include the formation, acquisition, operation or management of an entity (within the meaning of section 52C) for the purpose of exercising any of the Aboriginal Land Council’s functions under this Act (including providing a community benefits scheme),
(h)  any other matters prescribed by the regulations.
(2)  Without limiting subsection (1), a policy relating to community benefits schemes that provide residential accommodation is to include criteria for determining applications for approval that have been determined after consultation with the Aboriginal Housing Office.
(3)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must review all of its policies every 5 years.
(4)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must make copies of its policies publicly available.
114   Procedure for making policies
(1)  Before the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council adopts a policy it must:
(a)  refer the policy to each Local Aboriginal Land Council for comment, and
(b)  consider any submissions made by any Local Aboriginal Land Council within 30 days of the referral of the policy, and
(c)  obtain the approval of the Minister to the policy.
(2)  A policy takes effect on its publication in the Gazette or on a later day specified in the policy.
(3)  A policy may be amended or revoked in the same way as a policy may be made.
115   New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may give other Councils directions regarding certain matters
(1)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may give directions to Local Aboriginal Land Councils with respect to the following:
(a)  the form, contents and method of preparation of community, land and business plans,
(b)  the keeping of records (including records relating to land and other assets),
(c)  any other matters prescribed by the regulations.
(2)  A Local Aboriginal Land Council must comply with a direction given under this section.
(3)  A direction must not be inconsistent with this Act or the regulations or any applicable policy of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council.
116   Delegation by New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council
(1)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may delegate to the Chief Executive Officer or any other person or body (not including another member of staff of the Council) any of the functions of the Council, other than the following:
(a)  the administration of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council Account, the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council Community Fund and the Mining Royalties Account established under this Act,
(b)  the granting of funds for the payment of the costs and expenses of Local Aboriginal Land Councils and advisory committees of the Council,
(c)  the acquisition of land on the Council’s behalf, or on behalf of a Local Aboriginal Land Council, and the transfer of such land to a Local Aboriginal Land Council and the disposal of, or otherwise dealing with, land vested in or acquired by the Council,
(d)  the negotiation of the acquisition by the Council, or by one or more Local Aboriginal Land Councils, of land of cultural significance to Aboriginal persons that is listed in Schedule 14 to the NPW Act and the lease of that land to the Minister administering that Act,
(e)  the negotiation of the lease by the Council, or by one or more Local Aboriginal Land Councils, of land to which section 36A applies to the Minister administering the NPW Act,
(f)  the determination and approval of terms and conditions of agreements proposed by Local Aboriginal Land Councils to allow mining or mineral exploration on land,
(f1)  approval under Division 4 of Part 2 of land dealings by Local Aboriginal Land Councils,
(g)    (Repealed)
(h)  advising the Minister on matters relating to Aboriginal land rights,
(i)  this power of delegation,
(j)  any function under this or any other Act that is expressly required to be exercised by resolution of the Council.
(2)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must, once every year, review all of its delegations.
117   Rules of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council
(1)  The purpose of this section is to provide rules for the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council relating to the Council’s functions and operations.
(2)  The rules prescribed by the regulations as model rules are the rules for the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council.
(3)  However, the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may prepare its own rules and submit them to the Registrar for approval.
(4)  On approval by the Registrar, the rules prepared by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, to the extent that they are not inconsistent with this Act or the regulations, become the rules of the Council to the exclusion of the model rules.
(5)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council’s rules may, with the approval of the Registrar, be amended, repealed or replaced from time to time.
(6)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may appeal to the Court against the Registrar’s refusal to approve of rules or to approve of an amendment, a repeal or a replacement of its rules.
(7)  On the hearing of an appeal under subsection (6), the Court may direct the Registrar to approve of rules, or an amendment, a repeal or a replacement of rules, specified in the direction.
118   Advisory committees
(1)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may from time to time appoint such advisory committees as the Council considers appropriate for the purpose of advising the Council, carrying out consultations with Aboriginal persons or facilitating discussion about issues arising under this Act.
(2)  An advisory committee has such functions as the Council may from time to time determine in respect of it.
(3)  An advisory committee consists of such persons appointed by the Council as the Council thinks fit.
(4)  A committee member holds office for such period as is specified in the instrument of appointment of the committee member, but any such appointment may be terminated by the Council at any time.
(5)  One of the committee members, in and by the instrument of appointment of the committee member, is to be appointed as chairperson of the committee.
(6)  The procedure for the calling of meetings of an advisory committee and for the conduct of business at those meetings is to be as determined by the Council or (subject to any determination of the Council) by the committee.
(7)  A committee member is entitled to be paid such travelling and other allowances as the Minister may from time to time determine in respect of the committee member.
119   Approvals
(1)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may impose conditions on any approval given by the Council under this Act.
(2)  Without limiting subsection (1), an approval may impose a time within which a condition must be complied with.
(3)  A Local Aboriginal Land Council must comply with the conditions of an approval given to the Council by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council.
(4)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may revoke an approval given by the Council under this Act.
Division 3 Councillors of NSW Aboriginal Land Council
120   Membership of New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council
(1)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council is to consist of an Aboriginal councillor elected for each Region.
(2)  The councillors are to be full-time.
(3)  Subject to this Act, a councillor holds office for a period beginning on the councillor’s election and expiring:
(a)  on the councillor’s election for another term, or
(b)  on the election of the councillor’s successor.
(4)  A councillor is eligible (if otherwise qualified) for re-election.
(5)  A councillor is entitled to be paid remuneration in accordance with the Statutory and Other Offices Remuneration Act 1975.
(6)  A councillor is entitled to be paid such travelling and other allowances as the Minister may from time to time determine in respect of the councillor.
(7)  Part 3 of Schedule 3 has effect. The regulations may prescribe additional requirements for or with respect to meetings.
121   Election of councillors
(1)  Each councillor is to be elected in the manner specified in this Division to represent a Region.
(2)  The regulations may make provision for or with respect to the election of councillors.
(3)  The Electoral Commissioner for New South Wales, or a person employed in the office of and nominated by the Electoral Commissioner, is to be the returning officer for elections of councillors.
(4)  A person is not qualified to be nominated to stand for election, or to be elected, as a councillor to represent a Region if, at the time of the nomination or election, either of the following applies to the person:
(a)  the person is not a voting member of a Local Aboriginal Land Council the area of which is within the Region,
(b)  the person is disqualified from holding office as a councillor of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council.
(5)  A person is entitled to vote at an election for a councillor to represent a Region if the person is a voting member of a Local Aboriginal Land Council the area of which is within the Region.
(6)  A person is only entitled to cast his or her vote in respect of the Local Aboriginal Land Council area in which the person has voting rights.
(7)  The regulations may make provision with respect to the nomination of persons to stand for election as a councillor to represent a Region.
122   Timing of elections
(1)  Elections of all councillors are to be held:
(a)  not sooner than 3 years and 9 months, and
(b)  not later than 4 years and 3 months,
after the previous election of all councillors.
(2)  The Minister, in consultation with the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, is in accordance with this section to determine a date for the election of all councillors and is to notify the returning officer of that date.
123   Declaration of election
If the returning officer for an election of councillors is advised by a regional electoral officer that the result of the counting of votes is that a candidate has been elected, the returning officer must immediately publicly declare the candidate elected as a councillor.
124   Councillors pending determination of disputed return
(1)  Section 123 applies even if the election of the candidate (or of any other candidate in the election) is the subject of an application under section 125 disputing the validity of the election of the candidate.
(2)  A candidate who is publicly declared elected as a councillor by the returning officer holds that office until the determination of any proceedings disputing the validity of the election of the candidate.
(3)  A candidate referred to in subsection (2) is taken to hold office, and is competent to carry out all the functions and duties of a duly elected councillor, from the date on which the returning officer declares the candidate elected, until:
(a)  the Court hearing an application under section 125 disputing the validity of the election of the candidate determines otherwise, or
(b)  the term of office of the councillor expires or becomes vacant,
whichever is the earlier.
(4)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council in which a candidate referred to in subsection (2) holds office is not invalidly constituted for that reason.
125   Method of disputing elections and returns
(1)  The validity of an election for a councillor to represent a Region, or of any return or statement showing the voting in any such election, may be disputed by an application to the Court, and not otherwise.
(2)  Any person may make an application to the Court under this section within 28 days after the returning officer has publicly declared the result of the election that is the subject of the application.
(3)  In determining an application under this section, the Court has the same powers as are conferred by section 161 of the Parliamentary Electorates and Elections Act 1912 on the Court of Disputed Returns.
(4)  The returning officer is entitled to be represented at the hearing of an application under this section.
126   Procedure
(1)  The procedure of the Court on an application under section 125 is to be determined by rules of Court, or in the absence of rules of Court, by the Court or a Judge of the Court.
(2)  The Court is not bound by the rules or practice of evidence and can inform itself on any matter in such manner as it considers appropriate.
(3)  Despite section 125 (3), the Court may make an order for costs in respect of an application under section 125 only if the Court is satisfied that there are exceptional circumstances that warrant the making of such an order.
127   Immaterial errors not to invalidate election
(1)  An election of councillors of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, or any return or statement showing the voting in an election, is not invalid because of:
(a)  any delay in taking the votes of the electors or in making any statement or return, or
(b)  the absence of any officer, or
(c)  the error or omission of any officer,
that could not have affected the result of the election.
(2)  If a person was prevented from voting in an election because of the absence of any officer, or the error or omission of any officer, the Court must not admit any evidence of the way the person intended to vote in order to determine whether or not the absence, error or omission could have affected the result of the election.
128   Decisions to be final
(1)  A decision of the Court in respect of an application under section 125 is final and conclusive and without appeal, and is not to be questioned in any way.
(2)  Section 58 of the Land and Environment Court Act 1979 does not apply to any such decision of the Court.
129   Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson
(1)  The councillors of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council are to elect a Chairperson and a Deputy Chairperson at the first meeting of the Council following the election of councillors.
(2)  A person elected to hold office as Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson is to hold office for:
(a)  2 years, or
(b)  if the person is elected to fill a vacancy arising during the term of office of the previous Chairperson or Deputy Chairperson—the remainder of the previous office holder’s term of office.
(2A)  The Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson are eligible (if otherwise qualified) for re-election.
(3)  The Deputy Chairperson is to act in the office of Chairperson during the illness or absence of the Chairperson, and the Deputy Chairperson while so acting, has and may exercise all the functions of the Chairperson and is taken to be the Chairperson.
130   Role of councillors of NSW Aboriginal Land Council
(1)  The role of a councillor is, as a member of the governing body of the Council:
(a)  to direct and control the affairs of the Council in accordance with this Act, and
(b)  to participate in the allocation of the Council’s resources for the benefit of Aboriginal people, and
(c)  to participate in the creation and review of the Council’s policies and objectives, and
(d)  to review the performance of the Council in the exercise of its functions and the achievement of its objectives.
(2)  The role of a councillor is, in addition:
(a)  to represent the interests and respond to the concerns of Local Aboriginal Land Council members, and
(b)  to facilitate communication between the Local Aboriginal Land Council members and the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council.
131   Training for councillors
(1)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must arrange training in relation to the matters prescribed by the regulations for each councillor elected for the first time to the Council.
(2)  The training is to be provided not later than 6 months after the date of election of the councillor.
(3)  A councillor must not refuse or fail to undergo training provided under this section when required to do so by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council.
(4)  If a councillor refuses or fails to undergo training provided under this section when required to do so by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, the councillor is, on written notice being given to the councillor by the Council, suspended from office as a councillor until the person undergoes the training.
(5)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may:
(a)  exempt a councillor wholly or partly from the requirement to undergo training provided under this section, if the Council is satisfied that the councillor already has sufficient expertise, skills and experience to carry out his or her functions as a councillor, or
(b)  extend the period within which training is to be provided to a councillor under this section.
Division 4 Removal from office
132   Grounds for disqualification from office
(1)  A person is disqualified from holding office as a councillor of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council if the person:
(a)  has a conviction in New South Wales or elsewhere for an offence relating to the management of a corporation that was recorded within the last 5 years, or
(b)  has a conviction for an offence under this Act that was recorded within the last 5 years, or
(c)  has a conviction in New South Wales for any other offence that is punishable by imprisonment for 12 months or more or is convicted elsewhere than in New South Wales of an offence that, if committed in New South Wales, would be an offence so punishable that was recorded within the last 5 years, or
(d)  is a mentally incapacitated person, or
(e)  is or becomes bankrupt, applies to take the benefit of any law for the relief of bankrupt or insolvent debtors, compounds with his or her creditors or makes an assignment of his or her remuneration for their benefit, or
(f)  is or was a director or person concerned in the management of a body corporate that is the subject of a winding up order or for which a controller or administrator has been appointed under the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth during the previous 3 years, or
(g)  is disqualified from holding office in or being concerned in the management of a corporation under any law of this or any other State or Territory or the Commonwealth, or
(h)  is an employee of, or a consultant to, the Council, or
(i)  in the case of a councillor, engages in other paid employment, or
(j)  was, within the last 5 years, an officer of the Council immediately before an administrator was appointed for the Council, or
(k)  fails, without a reasonable excuse, for a period of 3 months or more to comply with a written requirement by the Council to undergo training under section 125, or
(l)  is disqualified from being a Board member, other than on the ground that the person is a councillor.
(2)  The Registrar may determine that an offence committed by a person should be ignored for the purposes of this section because of the time that has passed since the offence was committed or because of the triviality of the acts or omissions giving rise to the offence.
(3)  The Registrar may determine that a person is not disqualified on the ground set out in subsection (1) (j) if the Registrar is satisfied that it is appropriate in the circumstances that the person not be disqualified on that ground.
(4)  Despite subsection (1) (h), a person is not disqualified from holding office as a councillor of the Council on the ground that the person is an employee of, or consultant to, the Council (and is taken not to have been disqualified from holding office at the time of the person’s nomination) if:
(a)  the person takes a leave of absence from employment with the Council in accordance with section 132A, and
(b)  if the person is elected to the Council, the person resigns from their employment with, or as a consultant to, the Council as soon as practicable after becoming aware of the result of the election.
132A   Leave of absence for employees nominated to Council
(1)  If a person who is employed by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council is nominated to stand for election as a councillor, the person is required to be granted, and to take, leave of absence from the day following the day on which the person was nominated until the day on which the result of the election is declared.
(2)  Unless the person is entitled to paid leave (and duly applies for such leave), any leave of absence under this section is to be leave without pay.
133   Vacancy in office
A person who is a councillor of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council vacates office if the person:
(a)  dies, or
(b)  is absent from 2 consecutive meetings of the Council of which reasonable notice has been given to the person personally or by post, except on leave granted by the Council or unless the person is excused by the Council for having been absent from those meetings, or
(c)  completes a term of office and is not re-elected, or
(d)  resigns the office by instrument in writing addressed to the Council, or
(e)  becomes disqualified from holding office as a councillor under this Act, or
(f)  vacates the office by the operation of a dismissal provision of a code of conduct referred to in section 177 (5) (c).
134   Casual vacancy
(1)  A person is to be appointed in accordance with the regulations to fill a casual vacancy in the office of a councillor for the remainder of the term of office.
(2)  A casual vacancy in the office of a councillor occurs when a person who is disqualified from holding office as a councillor is declared (or purportedly declared) to have been elected to the office despite, at the time of nomination or election, not being qualified to be nominated to stand for election or to be elected.
135   NCAT may declare particular offices of New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council vacant
(cf section 329 of Local Government Act 1993)
(1)  Any person may apply to the Civil and Administrative Tribunal for an order declaring that a particular office of a councillor has become vacant under this Act.
(2)    (Repealed)
136   (Repealed)
137   Effect of order declaring vacancy
(cf section 331 of Local Government Act 1993)
An order declaring a vacancy in an office made by the Civil and Administrative Tribunal under this Division takes effect:
(a)  if no appeal is made under the Civil and Administrative Tribunal Act 2013 against the order, at the end of the period during which such an appeal may be made, or
(b)  if such an appeal is made within that period and the order is confirmed on appeal, when the order is confirmed, or
(c)  if, within that period, the person against whom the order is made serves on the Chief Executive Officer of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council written notice of intention not to appeal against the order, when the notice is lodged.
Division 5 Community, land and business plans
137A   Community, land and business plans
(1)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must prepare and implement a community, land and business plan.
(2)  The Council when preparing a community, land and business plan must consult with the following persons:
(a)  persons who have a cultural association with land within the State,
(b)  any other persons required to be consulted by the regulations or a policy of the Council.
(3)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may amend a community, land and business plan.
(4)  The provisions of this Division apply to any proposed amendment in the same way as they apply to the preparation and approval of a plan.
(5)  For the purposes of this section, a person has a cultural association with land if the person is an Aboriginal owner or a person of a class prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this subsection.
137B   Matters covered by plans
(1)  A community, land and business plan of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must contain the following matters:
(a)  the objectives and strategy of the Council for the acquisition, management and development of land and other assets,
(b)  the objectives and strategy of the Council for the provision and management of community benefits schemes,
(c)  the objectives and strategy of the Council in relation to business enterprises and investment,
(d)  the objectives and strategy of the Council in relation to Aboriginal culture and heritage,
(e)  if the plan contains particular proposals related to the strategies in paragraph (a), (b) or (c), strategies for the development or acquisition of human resources and skills to implement the proposals,
(f)  timelines for the achievement of proposed strategies and proposals in the plan,
(g)  particulars of the assets and liabilities of the Council,
(h)  any matter required to be included by a policy of the Council,
(i)  any other matter prescribed by the regulations.
(2)  A community, land and business plan must contain the following matters in relation to land:
(a)  the identity, and particulars of any encumbrance affecting, any parcel of land of the Council,
(b)  the particulars of any other interest in land of the Council,
(c)  whether, and what, land is subject to the restriction contained in section 42 or to Part 4A of the NPW Act,
(d)  any conditions affecting land of the Council under section 36 or 39,
(e)  any other matters prescribed by the regulations.
137C   Approval of community, land and business plans
(1)  A community, land and business plan is adopted by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council if it is approved by a meeting of the Council, of which not less than 14 days notice was given.
(2)  The Chief Executive Officer of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must make available to its councillors, on request, for a period of not less than 14 days before any such meeting and at the meeting, a summary of the proposed community, land and business plan or a copy of the plan.
(3)  The summary is to contain the matters prescribed by the regulations.
(4)  More than one meeting may be called to enable approval of a community, land and business plan.
(5)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must not approve a community, land and business plan unless it is satisfied that the plan complies with this Act and the regulations and is consistent with any applicable policy of the Council.
(6)  A community, land and business plan takes effect when it is approved by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council.
(7)  A community, land and business plan has effect for the period (not exceeding 5 years) specified in the plan or until it is replaced, whichever occurs first.
(8)  Failure to comply with a requirement of this Division for the preparation or approval of a community, land or business plan does not affect the validity of the plan.
137D   Administration may follow plan failure
(1)  A failure by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council to approve a proposed community, land and business plan within 3 months after the plan is first referred to a meeting of the Council for approval is, for the purposes of section 223, a ground that justifies the appointment of an administrator (without any requirement for a report referred to in section 223 (3)).
(2)  A substantial failure by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council to comply with its community, land and business plan is, for the purposes of section 223, a ground that justifies the appointment of an administrator (without any requirement for a report referred to in section 223 (3)).
Divisions 6–8
  (Repealed)
Division 9 Chief Executive Officer of New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council
(cf sections 334–336 of Local Government Act 1993)
138   Chief Executive Officer
(1)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must appoint a person to be its Chief Executive Officer.
(2)  For the purposes of this Act (other than section 139), the Chief Executive Officer is taken to be a member of staff of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council.
138A   Certain persons must not be employed as Chief Executive Officer
(1)  The following persons must not be or continue to be employed as the Chief Executive Officer of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council:
(a)  a person who is a Board member or a councillor,
(b)  a person who has a conviction in New South Wales or elsewhere for an offence relating to the management of a corporation that was recorded within the last 5 years,
(c)  a person who has a conviction in New South Wales for any offence that is punishable by imprisonment for 12 months or more or is convicted elsewhere than in New South Wales of an offence that, if committed in New South Wales, would be an offence so punishable that was recorded within the last 5 years,
(d)  a person who is disqualified from holding office in or being concerned in the management of a corporation under any law of this or any other State or Territory or the Commonwealth,
(e)  a person who has an interest in, or is an employee of or concerned in the management of, a corporation that receives a benefit from the Council,
(f)  a person who is already engaged as a consultant to the Council,
(g)  a person who is a member of staff of a Local Aboriginal Land Council,
(h)  a person who has been dismissed on the recommendation of the former Aboriginal Land Councils Pecuniary Interest and Disciplinary Tribunal or the Civil and Administrative Tribunal within the last 5 years,
(i)  a person who is disqualified under this Act from being a Board member or a councillor (other than on the grounds of employment by the Council or ceasing to be a voting member of a Local Aboriginal Land Council).
(2)  The Registrar may determine that an offence committed by a person should be ignored for the purposes of this section because of the time that has passed since the offence was committed or because of the triviality of the acts or omissions giving rise to the offence.
(3)  Despite subsection (1) (e), a person may, with the approval of the councillors, be employed or continue to be employed as the Chief Executive Officer of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council if the person would be prohibited merely because the person is concerned in the management of a corporation established, acquired, operated or managed under an arrangement to which section 111 applies.
139   Functions of Chief Executive Officer
(1)  The Chief Executive Officer is generally responsible for the efficient and effective operation of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council’s organisation and for ensuring the implementation, without undue delay, of decisions of the Council.
(2)  The Chief Executive Officer has the following particular functions:
(a)  the day-to-day management of the Council’s affairs,
(a1)  to assist in the preparation and implementation of the Council’s community, land and business plan,
(b)  the exercise of such of the functions of the Council as are delegated by the Council to the Chief Executive Officer,
(c)  the appointment of members of staff in accordance with the staff organisation structure and resources approved by the Council,
(d)  the direction and dismissal of members of staff.
(3)  The Chief Executive Officer has such other functions as may be conferred or imposed on the Chief Executive Officer by or under this or any other Act.
140   Attendance of Chief Executive Officer at meetings
(cf section 376 of Local Government Act 1993)
(1)  Subject to subsection (2), the Chief Executive Officer is entitled to attend, but not to vote at, a meeting of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council.
(2)  However, the Council may, by resolution, exclude the Chief Executive Officer from a meeting, or part of a meeting, of the Council.
Note.
 The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may resolve to exclude the Chief Executive Officer from a meeting, or part of a meeting, that deals with a matter relating to the standard of performance of the Chief Executive Officer or the terms of the employment of the Chief Executive Officer.
141   Filling of vacancy in position of Chief Executive Officer
(1)  If a vacancy occurs in the position of Chief Executive Officer, the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must immediately appoint a person under section 138 to the vacant position or appoint a person to act in the vacant position.
(2)  A vacancy occurs in the position of Chief Executive Officer if the Chief Executive Officer:
(a)  dies, or
(b)  completes the term of his or her contract and is not re-appointed, or
(c)  resigns from the position, or
(d)  becomes a mentally incapacitated person and is removed from the position by the Council because of that mental incapacity, or
(e)  becomes a person who is not eligible to continue to be employed on a ground referred to in section 138A, or
(f)  is removed from the position for breach of or under the terms of the Chief Executive Officer’s contract with the Council.
141A   Delegations by Chief Executive Officer
(1)  The Chief Executive Officer may delegate to any person or body any of the functions of the Chief Executive Officer, other than this power of delegation.
(2)  The Chief Executive Officer may sub-delegate a function delegated to the Chief Executive Officer by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council to any person or body (including another member of staff of the Council).
Division 10 Staff of New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council
142   Staff organisation structure
(cf sections 332 (1) and 333 of Local Government Act 1993)
(1)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must determine:
(a)  a staff organisation structure that it considers appropriate:
(i)  to enable the Council to exercise its functions, and
(ii)    (Repealed)
(b)  the resources to be allocated towards the employment of staff.
(2)  The organisation structure may be re-determined by the Council from time to time.
(3)  The organisation structure must be reviewed by the Council within 12 months after every election of all councillors.
143   Appointments and promotion to be on merit
(1)  Appointments to the staff of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council and promotions for members of that staff are to be made on the basis of the merit of the applicants for appointment or promotion.
(2)  The merit of persons eligible for appointment or promotion to a vacant position is to be determined having regard to:
(a)  the nature of the duties of the position, and
(b)  the abilities, qualifications, experience, standard of work performance and personal qualities of those persons that are relevant to the performance of those duties.
143A   Advertising vacancies
(1)  If it is proposed to make an appointment to the vacant position of Chief Executive Officer of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council (other than the appointment of a person to act in the position), the Council must ensure that the vacancy is advertised in the manner prescribed by the regulations.
(2)  If it is proposed to make an appointment to a vacant position in the staff of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council (other than the Chief Executive Officer), the Chief Executive Officer must advertise the vacancy in such manner as the Chief Executive Officer considers appropriate.
(3)  The Chief Executive Officer need not advertise a vacant position in the circumstances prescribed by the regulations.
144   Certain persons must not be employed
(1)  A person who is convicted of an offence under Part 3 (except section 61), 4, 4AA, 4AB, 4AC, 4ACA, 4AD, 4AE, 4A, 4B, 5 or 5A of the Crimes Act 1900 must not be employed as a staff member of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council for 5 years from the date of conviction.
(2)  A person who is a councillor must not be employed as a member of staff of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council while the person is such a councillor.
(3)  A person who is a consultant to a Local Aboriginal Land Council must not be employed as a member of staff of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council while the person is such a consultant.
(4)  A member of staff of a Local Aboriginal Land Council must not be employed as a member of staff of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council while the person is such a member of staff.
(5)  Subsection (4) does not prevent a member of staff of a Local Aboriginal Land Council from being seconded to the staff of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council.
145   Consultants to be engaged on merit
(cf former section 27E)
(1)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may engage such consultants as it considers appropriate.
(2)  A decision by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council to engage a consultant is to be made on the basis of merit.
(3)  The merit of persons eligible to be engaged as a consultant is to be determined having regard to:
(a)  the nature of the duties of the work required to be done, and
(b)  the abilities, qualifications, experience, standard of work performance and personal qualities of those persons that are relevant to the performance of those duties.
Division 11
146–148  (Repealed)
Part 8 Finance
Division 1 Establishment of accounts
149   NSW Aboriginal Land Council Account
(cf former section 29)
(1)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council is to establish in an authorised deposit-taking institution an account named the “New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council Account” (the Account).
(2)  The following is to be deposited in the Account:
(a)  money provided to the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council by Parliament for the purposes of this Act,
(b)  any other money received by that Council and not required by or under this or any other Act to be paid into any other account or fund.
(3)  Subject to section 150, the following is to be paid from the Account:
(a)  money to be provided to advisory committees and Local Aboriginal Land Councils for the purposes of this Act,
(b)  amounts required to meet expenditure incurred by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council in the execution or administration of this Act,
(c)  any other payments authorised by or under this or any other Act.
(4)  Expenditure incurred in the execution or administration of this Act includes:
(a)  the payment of the salaries of staff of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, and
(b)  the cost of the election of councillors (including the costs incurred by the Electoral Commissioner for New South Wales), and
(c)  the payment of amounts for remuneration and allowances to councillors.
(5)  Money to the credit of the Account may be invested in any manner authorised by the regulations.
149A   NSW Aboriginal Land Council Community Fund
(1)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council is to establish in an authorised deposit-taking institution an account named the “New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council Community Fund” into which is to be paid:
(a)  amounts of community development levy, and
(b)  additional amounts payable by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council under section 42U, and
(c)  any money paid to the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council for the purposes of the Fund, and
(d)  any interest received in respect of the investment of money belonging to the Fund, and
(e)  any money directed to be paid into the Fund by or under this or any other Act.
(2)  There is payable from the Fund:
(a)  money for grants to a Local Aboriginal Land Council for the purpose of the management and acquisition of land, and
(b)  money for community benefit schemes for persons within the area of a Local Aboriginal Land Council, and
(c)  amounts of repayments of excess community development levy paid by Local Aboriginal Land Councils, and
(d)  amounts of excess payments made by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council under section 42U, and
(e)  any other payments authorised by or under this or any other Act.
(3)  In determining amounts to be paid from the Fund, the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must have regard to any applicable policy of the Council.
(4)  Money to the credit of the account may be invested in any manner in which the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council Account may be invested.
150   Preservation of money in NSW Aboriginal Land Council Account
(cf former section 29A)
(1)  The capital value of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council Account, as at 31 December 1998, is to be maintained.
Note.
 The capital value of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council Account as at 31 December 1998 was determined in the 1998–1999 Annual Report for that Council to be $485,340,000.
(2)  Net realised investment income and net realised capital gains on money to the credit of the Account (being realised investment income and realised capital gains less any costs incurred in investing the money, including the cost of obtaining investment advice) after 31 December 1998 may be disbursed from the Account.
(3)  For the purposes of subsection (1), any amount to the credit of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council Community Fund is to be taken into account for the purposes of determining the capital value of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council Account.
151   (Repealed)
152   Local Aboriginal Land Council Accounts
(cf former section 31)
(1)  Each Local Aboriginal Land Council is to establish in an authorised deposit-taking institution an account (the Local Aboriginal Land Council’s Account).
(2)  The following is to be deposited in the Local Aboriginal Land Council’s Account:
(a)  money received from the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council for or in respect of the acquisition of land,
(b)  any other money received by the Local Aboriginal Land Council and not required by or under this or any other Act to be paid into any other account or fund.
(3)  The following is to be paid from the Local Aboriginal Land Council’s Account:
(a)  amounts required for the acquisition of land by the Council where that acquisition has been approved in accordance with this Act,
(b)  amounts required to meet expenditure incurred by the Council in the execution or administration of this Act, including travelling and other allowances to Board members,
(c)  any other payments authorised by or under this or any other Act.
(4)  Money to the credit of the account may be invested:
(a)  in any manner authorised by the regulations, and
(b)  subject to any applicable policy of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council—in any manner in which the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council Account may be invested.
Division 2 Keeping of accounts
153   Local Aboriginal Land Councils to keep accounts
(cf former section 32)
(1)  Each Local Aboriginal Land Council must cause proper accounts and records to be kept in relation to all its operations.
(2)  Each such Council must:
(a)  prepare financial statements for each financial year in accordance with any applicable policy of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, and
(b)  if required to do so by any applicable policy of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, cause the accounts to be submitted for verification and certification.
(2A)  A policy of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may require the accounts of a Local Aboriginal Land Council to be submitted for verification and certification by:
(a)  an auditor, or
(b)  any other person, or class of persons, as may be specified by the policy.
(3)  The financial statements must, if required by any applicable policy of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, be submitted for verification and certification by an auditor appointed by the Local Aboriginal Land Council concerned from a list of auditors kept by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council.
(3A)  The regulations may make provision for or with respect to the following:
(a)  the manner in which the list of auditors is to be kept by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council,
(b)  the qualifications required for auditors included in the list.
(4)    (Repealed)
(5)  Each such Council must furnish to the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council the financial statements and such other documents as are prescribed by the regulations, not later than 4 months after the end of each financial year.
(6)  For the avoidance of doubt, the financial statements prepared and furnished to the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council under this section must include information relating to all the Council’s funding and operations and not merely funding received from, and operations funded by, the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council.
154   (Repealed)
155   Local Aboriginal Land Councils may request special auditor
The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must, on the request of a Local Aboriginal Land Council, appoint a special auditor to examine the financial affairs of the Local Aboriginal Land Council.
156   Financial year of Aboriginal Land Councils
(cf former section 33)
The financial year of an Aboriginal Land Council is the year commencing 1 July.
157   Budget of New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council
(cf former section 34 (1) and (2))
(1)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must, not less than 6 weeks before the commencement of each financial year, prepare and submit for the approval of the Minister a detailed budget relating to its proposed operations during that financial year.
(2)  In determining whether or not to approve a budget, the Minister may seek from the Council, and the Council must furnish to the Minister, such information as the Minister requests relating to the budget.
158   Budget of Local Aboriginal Land Councils
(1)  Each Local Aboriginal Land Council must, before the commencement of each financial year, prepare and adopt a detailed budget relating to the Council’s proposed operations during that financial year.
(2)  The budget must be prepared in accordance with any applicable policy of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council and be submitted to the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council not less than 10 weeks before the commencement of the financial year to which the budget relates.
(3)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may require a Local Aboriginal Land Council to resubmit a budget under this section if the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council is satisfied that the budget does not meet the requirements of this section.
159   Quarterly and six monthly reports by New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council
(1)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must, if directed to do so by the Minister, prepare and submit to the Minister within 10 weeks after the end of each quarter of each financial year a report specifying:
(a)  the amounts of funds granted during the quarter by that Council to Local Aboriginal Land Councils and the purposes for which the funds were granted, and
(b)  whether the Local Aboriginal Land Councils concerned have complied with the financial obligations imposed by this Part in relation to those grants.
(2)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council must prepare and submit to the Minister within 10 weeks after the end of each 6-month period ending on 30 June and 31 December in each year a report specifying:
(a)  the amounts of funds granted during the 6-month period by that Council to Local Aboriginal Land Councils and the purposes for which the funds were granted, and
(b)  whether the Local Aboriginal Land Councils concerned have complied with the financial obligations imposed by this Part in relation to those grants.
(3)  The regulations may prescribe the form and content of such reports.
160   NSW Aboriginal Land Council may give other Councils directions regarding accounting
(cf former section 34 (4))
(1)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may give directions, not inconsistent with this Act or the regulations, to a Local Aboriginal Land Council or class of Local Aboriginal Land Councils with respect to the following:
(a)  the establishment and monitoring of a uniform system of accounting by those Aboriginal Land Councils,
(b)  the form, contents and method of preparation of budgets by those Councils,
(c)  other matters relating to the keeping of accounts and records and the making of reports by those Councils.
(2)  A Local Aboriginal Land Council must comply with a direction given under this section.
161   Annual reports
(cf former section 61 and sections 8 and 9 of Annual Reports (Statutory Bodies) Act 1984)
(1)  Each Local Aboriginal Land Council must in each year, as soon as practicable after 30 June, but on or before 1 November, forward to the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council a report of its operations for the 12 months ending on 30 June in that year.
(2)  The report of the operations of a Local Aboriginal Land Council must be prepared in accordance with any applicable policy of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council.
(3)  In addition to any other requirement under any other Act relating to the annual report of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, the annual report is to include the following particulars for the financial year to which the report relates:
(a)  the total remuneration (including travelling expenses) paid to each councillor by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council,
(b)  the total funds granted to each Local Aboriginal Land Council by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council.
Division 3 Funding of Local Aboriginal Land Councils
162   Funding agreements
(1)  The New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council may enter into a funding agreement with a Local Aboriginal Land Council under which the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council agrees to grant funds to the Local Aboriginal Land Council on certain specified conditions.
(2)  A funding agreement may provide that if the Local Aboriginal Land Council breaches a provision of the agreement, the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council is to cease to provide funds to the Local Aboriginal Land Council.
(3)    (Repealed)
(4)  The regulations may prescribe a model funding agreement that my be adopted for the purposes of this section.
163   (Repealed)
Part 9 Registrar and Registers of Aboriginal Land Claims and Aboriginal Owners
(cf former Part 8A)
Division 1 Registrar
164   Appointment of Registrar
(1)  The Governor may appoint a Registrar.
(2)  Schedule 1 has effect with respect to the Registrar.
(3)  The Registrar has and may exercise the functions conferred or imposed on the Registrar by or under this or any other Act.
165   Functions of Registrar
The functions of the Registrar are as follows:
(a)  to register land claims made under this Act by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council or Local Aboriginal Land Councils,
(b)  to maintain the Register of Aboriginal Land Claims and the Register of Aboriginal Owners,
(c)  to approve the rules of the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council and Local Aboriginal Land Councils,
(d)  to make recommendations to the Minister and carry out such other prescribed functions in relation to the constitution of Local Aboriginal Land Council areas and the constitution of Local Aboriginal Land Councils, the alteration of area boundaries of Local Aboriginal Land Council areas and the changing of names of Local Aboriginal Land Councils,
(e)  to make recommendations to the Minister and carry out such other prescribed functions in relation to the alteration of area boundaries of Regions and the changing of names of Regions,
(f)  to issue compliance directions to Aboriginal Land Councils, officers of Aboriginal Land Councils and councillors relating to the administration of the Act and the regulations and to refer failures to comply with such directions to the Court,
(g)  to mediate, conciliate or arbitrate disputes relating to the operation of this Act and the regulations or to refer such disputes to independent mediators, conciliators or arbitrators,
(h)  to investigate complaints regarding the non-disclosure of pecuniary interests, misconduct by councillors, Board members and members of staff of, and consultants to, Aboriginal Land Councils and breaches of this Act and the regulations,
(h1)  at the request of the Minister, to provide to the Minister information as to the operations of an Aboriginal Land Council,
(h2)  to keep and maintain a register in relation to Aboriginal Land Agreements made under section 36AA,
(i)  such other functions conferred or imposed on the Registrar by or under this or any other Act.
165AA   Registrar to report on exercise of functions
(1)  The Registrar must in each year, as soon as practicable after 30 June, but on or before 1 November, provide a report to the Minister on the exercise of the Registrar’s functions to ensure that Aboriginal Land Councils comply with this Act.
(2)  The report is to contain the following particulars:
(a)  details of the circumstances in which the Registrar has issued compliance directions to Aboriginal Land Councils,
(b)  details of the investigations of complaints regarding misconduct by councillors, Board members and members of staff of, and consultants to, Aboriginal Land Councils and breaches of this Act and the regulations,
(c)  details of the appointment of investigators and administrators to Local Aboriginal Land Councils, including details of the outcome of any investigation carried out by an investigator,
(d)  such other information in relation to the Registrar’s exercise of his or her functions as may be prescribed by the regulations.
165A   Delegation
The Registrar may delegate the exercise of any function of the Registrar under this Act (other than this power of delegation) to:
(a)  any person employed in Aboriginal Affairs, Department of Education and Communities, or
(b)  any person, or any class of persons, authorised for the purposes of this section by the regulations.
Division 2 Register of Aboriginal Land Claims
166   Register of Aboriginal Land Claims
(1)  The Registrar must establish and keep a Register of land claims.
(2)  The Register of Aboriginal Land Claims is to be kept in a form prescribed by the regulations or, if no form is prescribed, in a form determined by the Registrar.
167   Contents of Register of Aboriginal Land Claims
The Register of Aboriginal Land Claims is to include the following information:
(a)  a number for each individual land claim (sequential over time),
(b)  the name of the Aboriginal Land Council that made the land claim,
(c)  a description of the land claimed,
(d)  the parish or parishes and the county or counties that the land claimed is within,
(e)  the local government area or areas that the land claimed is within,
(f)  the date of lodgment with the Registrar of the land claim,
(g)  the date of determination of the land claim by the Crown Lands Minister (within the meaning of section 36),
(h)  such other information prescribed by the regulations.
168   Registrar may request information from Crown Lands Minister
The Registrar may request the Crown Lands Minister (within the meaning of section 36) to provide information relating to a land claim that is listed on the Register of Aboriginal Land Claims.
169   Regulations may provide for public inspection of Register
The regulations may make provision for public inspection of the Register of Aboriginal Land Claims.
Division 3 Register of Aboriginal Owners
170   Register of Aboriginal Owners
(cf former section 49B)
(1)  The Registrar must establish and keep a Register of Aboriginal Owners.
(2)  The Register is to be kept in a form prescribed by the regulations or, if no form is prescribed, in a form determined by the Registrar.
171   Contents of Register of Aboriginal Owners
(cf former section 49C)
(1)  The Registrar is to use the Registrar’s best endeavours to enter in the Register of Aboriginal Owners:
(a)  the name of every Aboriginal person who has a cultural association with land in the State, and
(b)  the location of the land with which the Aboriginal person has a cultural association, and
(c)  the nature of the cultural association that the Aboriginal person has with the land.
(2)  The name of an Aboriginal person must not be entered in the Register unless the Aboriginal person:
(a)  is directly descended from the original Aboriginal inhabitants of the cultural area in which the land is situated, and
(b)  has a cultural association with the land that derives from the traditions, observances, customs, beliefs or history of the original Aboriginal inhabitants of the land, and
(c)  has consented to the entry of the person’s name in the Register.
(3)  The Registrar is to give priority to the entry in the Register of the names of Aboriginal persons who have a cultural association with:
(a)  lands listed in Schedule 14 to the NPW Act, and
(b)  lands to which section 36A applies.
Note.
 Schedule 14 to the NPW Act lists lands of cultural signi