Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 No 203
Subdivision 2 Planning agreements
93F Planning agreements
(1) A planning agreement is a voluntary agreement or other arrangement under this Division between a planning authority (or 2 or more planning authorities) and a person (the developer):(a) who has sought a change to an environmental planning instrument, or(b) who has made, or proposes to make, a development application, orunder which the developer is required to dedicate land free of cost, pay a monetary contribution, or provide any other material public benefit, or any combination of them, to be used for or applied towards a public purpose.(c) who has entered into an agreement with, or is otherwise associated with, a person to whom paragraph (a) or (b) applies,(2) A public purpose includes (without limitation) any of the following:(a) the provision of (or the recoupment of the cost of providing) public amenities or public services,(b) the provision of (or the recoupment of the cost of providing) affordable housing,(c) the provision of (or the recoupment of the cost of providing) transport or other infrastructure relating to land,(d) the funding of recurrent expenditure relating to the provision of public amenities or public services, affordable housing or transport or other infrastructure,(e) the monitoring of the planning impacts of development,(f) the conservation or enhancement of the natural environment.(3) A planning agreement must provide for the following:(a) a description of the land to which the agreement applies,(b) a description of:(i) the change to the environmental planning instrument to which the agreement applies, or(ii) the development to which the agreement applies,(c) the nature and extent of the provision to be made by the developer under the agreement, the time or times by which the provision is to be made and the manner by which the provision is to be made,(d) in the case of development, whether the agreement excludes (wholly or in part) or does not exclude the application of section 94, 94A or 94EF to the development,(e) if the agreement does not exclude the application of section 94 to the development, whether benefits under the agreement are or are not to be taken into consideration in determining a development contribution under section 94,(f) a mechanism for the resolution of disputes under the agreement,(g) the enforcement of the agreement by a suitable means, such as the provision of a bond or guarantee, in the event of a breach of the agreement by the developer.(3A) A planning agreement cannot exclude the application of section 94 or 94A in respect of development unless the consent authority for the development or the Minister is a party to the agreement.(4) A provision of a planning agreement in respect of development is not invalid by reason only that there is no connection between the development and the object of expenditure of any money required to be paid by the provision.Note.See section 93E (1), which requires money paid under a planning agreement to be applied for the purpose for which it was paid within a reasonable time.(5) If a planning agreement excludes the application of section 94 or 94A to particular development, a consent authority cannot impose a condition of development consent in respect of that development under either of those sections (except in respect of the application of any part of those sections that is not excluded by the agreement).(5A) A planning authority, other than the Minister, is not to enter into a planning agreement excluding the application of section 94EF without the approval of:(a) the Minister, or(b) a development corporation designated by the Minister to give approvals under this subsection.(6) If a planning agreement excludes benefits under a planning agreement from being taken into consideration under section 94 in its application to development, section 94 (6) does not apply to any such benefit.(7) Any Minister, public authority or other person approved by the Minister is entitled to be an additional party to a planning agreement and to receive a benefit under the agreement on behalf of the State.(8) A council is not precluded from entering into a joint planning agreement with another council or other planning authority merely because it applies to any land not within, or any purposes not related to, the area of the council.(9) A planning agreement cannot impose an obligation on a planning authority:(a) to grant development consent, or(b) to exercise any function under this Act in relation to a change to an environmental planning instrument.(10) A planning agreement is void to the extent, if any, to which it requires or allows anything to be done that, when done, would breach this section or any other provision of this Act, or would breach the provisions of an environmental planning instrument or a development consent applying to the relevant land.(11) A reference in this section to a change to an environmental planning instrument includes a reference to the making or revocation of an environmental planning instrument.
93G Information about planning agreements
(1) A planning agreement cannot be entered into, and a planning agreement cannot be amended or revoked, unless public notice has been given of the proposed agreement, amendment or revocation, and a copy of the proposed agreement, amendment or revocation has been available for inspection by the public for a period of not less than 28 days.(2) The regulations may provide for the public notice to be given under subsection (1) and may provide that it may be given contemporaneously with, in association with, or as part of, any other public notice or public notification that is required to be given of any matter relevant to the planning agreement.(3) If the Minister is not a party to a planning agreement, the relevant planning authority that is a party to the agreement must provide to the Minister:(a) a copy of the agreement within 14 days after the agreement is entered into, and(b) if the agreement is amended, a copy of the amendment within 14 days after the amendment is made, and(c) if the agreement is revoked, notice of the revocation within 14 days after the revocation occurs.(4) If a council is not a party to a planning agreement that applies to the area of the council, the relevant planning authority that is a party to the agreement must provide to the council:(a) a copy of the agreement within 14 days after the agreement is entered into, and(b) if the agreement is amended, a copy of the amendment within 14 days after the amendment is made, and(c) if the agreement is revoked, notice of the revocation within 14 days after the revocation occurs.(5) A planning authority that has entered into one or more planning agreements must, while any such planning agreements remain in force, include in its annual report particulars of compliance with and the effect of the planning agreements during the year to which the report relates.
93H Registered planning agreements to run with land
(1) A planning agreement can be registered under this section if the following persons agree to its registration:(a) if the agreement relates to land under the Real Property Act 1900—each person who has an estate or interest in the land registered under that Act, or(b) if the agreement relates to land not under the Real Property Act 1900—each person who is seised or possessed of an estate or interest in the land.(2) On lodgement by a planning authority of an application for registration in a form approved by the Registrar-General, the Registrar-General is to register the planning agreement:(a) by making an entry in the relevant folio of the Register kept under the Real Property Act 1900 if the agreement relates to land under that Act, or(b) by registering the agreement in the General Register of Deeds if the agreement relates to land not under the Real Property Act 1900.(3) A planning agreement that has been registered by the Registrar-General under this section is binding on, and is enforceable against, the owner of the land from time to time as if each owner for the time being had entered into the agreement.(4) A reference in this section to a planning agreement includes a reference to any amendment or revocation of a planning agreement.
93I Circumstances in which planning agreements can or cannot be required to be made
(1) A provision of an environmental planning instrument (being a provision made after the commencement of this section):(a) that expressly requires a planning agreement to be entered into before a development application can be made, considered or determined, orhas no effect.(b) that expressly prevents a development consent from being granted or having effect unless or until a planning agreement is entered into,(2) A consent authority cannot refuse to grant development consent on the ground that a planning agreement has not been entered into in relation to the proposed development or that the developer has not offered to enter into such an agreement.(3) However, a consent authority can require a planning agreement to be entered into as a condition of a development consent, but only if it requires a planning agreement that is in the terms of an offer made by the developer in connection with:(a) the development application, oror that is in the terms of a commitment made by the proponent in a statement of commitments made under Part 3A.(b) a change to an environmental planning instrument sought by the developer for the purposes of making the development application,(4) In this section, planning agreement includes any agreement (however described) containing provisions similar to those that are contained in an agreement referred to in section 93F.
93J Jurisdiction of Court with respect to planning agreements
(1) A person cannot appeal to the Court under this Act against the failure of a planning authority to enter into a planning agreement or against the terms of a planning agreement.(2) This section does not affect the jurisdiction of the Court under section 123.
93K Determinations or directions by Minister
The Minister may, generally or in any particular case or class of cases, determine or direct any other planning authority as to:(a) the procedures to be followed in negotiating a planning agreement, or(b) the publication of those procedures, or(c) other standard requirements with respect to planning agreements.
93L Regulations—planning agreements
The regulations may make provision for or with respect to planning agreements, including the following:(a) the form of planning agreements,(b) the subject-matter of planning agreements,(c) the making, amendment and revocation of planning agreements, including the giving of public notice and inspection by the public,(d) the public inspection of planning agreements after they have been made.