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Contents (1979 - 203)
Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 No 203
Current version for 13 October 2017 to date (accessed 22 November 2017 at 20:05)
Part 1 Section 4
4   Definitions
(1)  In this Act, except in so far as the context or subject-matter otherwise indicates or requires:
accredited certifier, in relation to matters of a particular kind, means the holder of a certificate of accreditation as an accredited certifier under the Building Professionals Act 2005 in relation to those matters.
advertised development means development, other than State significant development or designated development, that is identified as advertised development by the regulations, an environmental planning instrument or a development control plan.
Advertised development includes any development for the purposes of a scheduled activity at any premises under the Protection of the Environment Operations Act 1997 that is not State significant development or designated development.
advertisement means a sign, notice, device or representation in the nature of an advertisement visible from any public place or public reserve or from any navigable water.
advertising structure means a structure used or to be used principally for the display of an advertisement.
affordable housing means housing for very low income households, low income households or moderate income households, being such households as are prescribed by the regulations or as are provided for in an environmental planning instrument.
alignment means the boundary line between any public place and any land abutting that place.
area has the same meaning as it has in the Local Government Act 1993.
associated structure has the same meaning as in the Local Government Act 1993.
brothel means a brothel within the meaning of the Restricted Premises Act 1943, other than premises used or likely to be used for the purposes of prostitution by no more than one prostitute.
building includes part of a building, and also includes any structure or part of a structure (including any temporary structure or part of a temporary structure), but does not include a manufactured home, moveable dwelling or associated structure or part of a manufactured home, moveable dwelling or associated structure.
Building Code of Australia means the document, published by or on behalf of the Australian Building Codes Board, that is prescribed for purposes of this definition by the regulations, together with:
(a)  such amendments made by the Board, and
(b)  such variations approved by the Board in relation to New South Wales,
as are prescribed by the regulations.
Building Professionals Board means the Building Professionals Board constituted under the Building Professionals Act 2005.
building work means any physical activity involved in the erection of a building.
bush fire prone land, in relation to an area, means land recorded for the time being as bush fire prone land on a bush fire prone land map for the area.
bush fire prone land map for an area means a map for the area certified as referred to in section 146 (2).
certifying authority means a person who:
(a)  is authorised by or under section 85A to issue complying development certificates, or
(b)  is authorised by or under section 109D to issue Part 4A certificates.
change of building use means a change of use of a building from a use that the Building Code of Australia recognises as appropriate to one class of building to a use that the Building Code of Australia recognises as appropriate to a different class of building.
compliance certificate means a certificate referred to in section 109C (1) (a).
complying development is development for which provision is made as referred to in section 76A (5).
complying development certificate means a complying development certificate referred to in section 85.
consent authority, in relation to a development application or an application for a complying development certificate, means:
(a)  the council having the function to determine the application, or
(b)  if a provision of this Act, the regulations or an environmental planning instrument specifies a Minister, the Greater Sydney Commission, the Planning Assessment Commission, a joint regional planning panel or public authority (other than a council) as having the function to determine the application—that Minister or the Greater Sydney Commission, Planning Assessment Commission, panel or authority, as the case requires.
construction certificate means a certificate referred to in section 109C (1) (b).
control, in relation to development or any other act, matter or thing, means:
(a)  consent to, permit, regulate, restrict or prohibit that development or that other act, matter or thing, either unconditionally or subject to conditions, or
(b)  confer or impose on a consent authority functions with respect to consenting to, permitting, regulating, restricting or prohibiting that development or that other act, matter or thing, either unconditionally or subject to conditions.
corporation means the corporation constituted by section 8 (1).
council has the same meaning as it has in the Local Government Act 1993.
Court means the Land and Environment Court.
critical stage inspections means the inspections prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of section 109E (3) (d).
Crown land has the same meaning as in the Crown Lands Act 1989.
Department means the Department of Planning and Environment.
designated development has the meaning given by section 77A.
development means:
(a)  the use of land, and
(b)  the subdivision of land, and
(c)  the erection of a building, and
(d)  the carrying out of a work, and
(e)  the demolition of a building or work, and
(f)  any other act, matter or thing referred to in section 26 that is controlled by an environmental planning instrument,
but does not include any development of a class or description prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this definition.
development application means an application for consent under Part 4 to carry out development but does not include an application for a complying development certificate.
development area means land constituted as a development area in accordance with Division 1 of Part 7.
development consent means consent under Part 4 to carry out development and includes, unless expressly excluded, a complying development certificate.
development control plan (or DCP) means a development control plan made, or taken to have been made, under Division 6 of Part 3 and in force.
development standards means provisions of an environmental planning instrument or the regulations in relation to the carrying out of development, being provisions by or under which requirements are specified or standards are fixed in respect of any aspect of that development, including, but without limiting the generality of the foregoing, requirements or standards in respect of:
(a)  the area, shape or frontage of any land, the dimensions of any land, buildings or works, or the distance of any land, building or work from any specified point,
(b)  the proportion or percentage of the area of a site which a building or work may occupy,
(c)  the character, location, siting, bulk, scale, shape, size, height, density, design or external appearance of a building or work,
(d)  the cubic content or floor space of a building,
(e)  the intensity or density of the use of any land, building or work,
(f)  the provision of public access, open space, landscaped space, tree planting or other treatment for the conservation, protection or enhancement of the environment,
(g)  the provision of facilities for the standing, movement, parking, servicing, manoeuvring, loading or unloading of vehicles,
(h)  the volume, nature and type of traffic generated by the development,
(i)  road patterns,
(j)  drainage,
(k)  the carrying out of earthworks,
(l)  the effects of development on patterns of wind, sunlight, daylight or shadows,
(m)  the provision of services, facilities and amenities demanded by development,
(n)  the emission of pollution and means for its prevention or control or mitigation, and
(o)  such other matters as may be prescribed.
ecologically sustainable development has the same meaning it has in section 6 (2) of the Protection of the Environment Administration Act 1991.
employee of the Department means a person employed in the Department.
Note.
 This includes the Secretary—see section 23 (5) of the Government Sector Employment Act 2013.
environment includes all aspects of the surroundings of humans, whether affecting any human as an individual or in his or her social groupings.
environmental planning instrument means an environmental planning instrument (including a SEPP or LEP but not including a DCP) made, or taken to have been made, under Part 3 and in force.
exempt development is development for which provision is made as referred to in section 76 (2).
functions includes powers, authorities and duties.
Greater Sydney Region has the same meaning it has in the Greater Sydney Commission Act 2015.
integrated development has the meaning given by section 91.
joint regional planning panel (or regional panel) means a joint regional planning panel constituted under section 23G.
Note.
 See also Part 3 of the Greater Sydney Commission Act 2015 which provides that a Sydney planning panel constituted under that Part is taken to be a joint regional planning panel under and for the purposes of this Act and the instruments made under this Act.
land includes:
(a)  the sea or an arm of the sea,
(b)  a bay, inlet, lagoon, lake or body of water, whether inland or not and whether tidal or non-tidal, and
(c)  a river, stream or watercourse, whether tidal or non-tidal, and
(d)  a building erected on the land.
local environmental plan (or LEP)—see section 24 (2).
local planning panel means a local planning panel constituted under Division 4 of Part 2A.
manufactured home has the same meaning as in the Local Government Act 1993.
Ministerial planning order means an order made by the Minister and published on the NSW planning portal.
moveable dwelling has the same meaning as in the Local Government Act 1993.
NSW planning portal means the website with the URL of www.planningportal.nsw.gov.au, or any other website, used by the Secretary to provide public access to documents or other information in the NSW planning database.
objector means a person who has made a submission under section 79 (5) by way of objection to a development application for consent to carry out designated development.
occupation certificate means a certificate referred to in section 109C (1) (c).
occupier includes a tenant or other lawful occupant of premises, not being the owner.
owner has the same meaning as in the Local Government Act 1993 and includes, in Division 2A of Part 6, in relation to a building, the owner of the building or the owner of the land on which the building is erected.
owner-builder has the same meaning as in the Home Building Act 1989.
Part 4A certificate means a certificate referred to in section 109C (1) (a), (b), (c) or (d).
person includes an unincorporated group of persons or a person authorised to represent that group.
place of shared accommodation includes a boarding house, a common lodging house, a house let in lodgings and a backpackers hostel.
Planning Assessment Commission means the Planning Assessment Commission constituted under section 23B.
planning assessment panel means a panel listed in Schedule 5B.
premises means any of the following:
(a)  a building of any description or any part of it and the appurtenances to it,
(b)  a manufactured home, moveable dwelling and associated structure,
(c)  land, whether built on or not,
(d)  a tent,
(e)  a swimming pool,
(f)  a ship or vessel of any description (including a houseboat).
principal certifying authority means a principal certifying authority appointed under section 109E.
principal contractor for building work means the person responsible for the overall co-ordination and control of the carrying out of the building work.
Note.
 If any residential building work is involved, the principal contractor must be the holder of a contractor licence under the Home Building Act 1989.
prohibited development means:
(a)  development the carrying out of which is prohibited on land by the provisions of an environmental planning instrument that apply to the land, or
(b)  development that cannot be carried out on land with or without development consent.
provision for fire safety means provision for any or all of the following:
(a)  the safety of persons in the event of fire,
(b)  the prevention of fire,
(c)  the detection of fire,
(d)  the suppression of fire,
(e)  the prevention of the spread of fire.
public authority means:
(a)  a public or local authority constituted by or under an Act, or
(b)  a Public Service agency, or
(c)  a statutory body representing the Crown, or
(d)  a Public Service senior executive within the meaning of the Government Sector Employment Act 2013, or
(e)  a statutory State owned corporation (and its subsidiaries) within the meaning of the State Owned Corporations Act 1989, or
(f)  a chief executive officer of a corporation or subsidiary referred to in paragraph (e), or
(g)  a person prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of this definition.
public place has the same meaning as in the Local Government Act 1993.
public reserve has the same meaning as in the Local Government Act 1993.
public road has the same meaning as in the Roads Act 1993.
region means any land that the Minister, under subsection (6), declares to be a region, except as provided by subsection (6A).
regulation means a regulation made under this Act.
relevant planning authority:
(a)  in relation to environmental planning instruments—see section 54, or
(b)  in relation to development control plans—see section 74B.
residential building work has the same meaning as in the Home Building Act 1989.
Secretary means the Secretary of the Department.
State environmental planning policy (or SEPP)—see section 24 (2).
State significant development has the meaning given by Division 4.1 of Part 4.
State significant infrastructure has the meaning given by Part 5.1.
subdivision certificate means a certificate referred to in section 109C (1) (d).
subdivision of land has the meaning given by section 4B.
subdivision work means any physical activity authorised to be carried out under the conditions of a development consent for the subdivision of land, as referred to in section 81A (3).
temporary structure includes a booth, tent or other temporary enclosure (whether or not part of the booth, tent or enclosure is permanent), and also includes a mobile structure.
tier 1 maximum penalty, tier 2 maximum penalty or tier 3 maximum penalty in relation to an offence, indicates the maximum penalty that a court may impose for the offence—see sections 125A, 125B and 125C for the relevant maximum amounts.
Note.
 The Interpretation Act 1987 contains definitions and other provisions that affect the interpretation and application of this Act.
(2)  A reference in this Act to:
(a)  the use of land includes a reference to a change of building use, and
(b)  the erection of a building includes a reference to:
(i)  the rebuilding of, the making of alterations to, or the enlargement or extension of, a building, or
(ii)  the placing or relocating of a building on land, or
(iii)  enclosing a public place in connection with the construction of a building, or
(iv)  erecting an advertising structure over a public road, or
(v)  extending a balcony, awning, sunshade or similar structure or an essential service pipe beyond the alignment of a public road, and
(c)  the carrying out of a work includes a reference to:
(i)  the rebuilding of, the making of alterations to, or the enlargement or extension of, a work, or
(ii)  enclosing a public place in connection with the carrying out of a work, and
(d)  a work includes a reference to any physical activity in relation to land that is specified by a regulation to be a work for the purposes of this Act but does not include a reference to any activity that is specified by a regulation not to be a work for the purposes of this Act, and
(e)  the demolition of a building or work includes a reference to enclosing a public place in connection with the demolition of a building or work, and
(f)  the carrying out of development includes a reference to the use of land or a building, the subdivision of land, the erection of a building, the carrying out of a work, the demolition of a building or work or the doing of any other act, matter or thing referred to in section 26 that is controlled by an environmental planning instrument.
(3)  Where functions are conferred or imposed by or under this Act on a council:
(a)  except as provided in paragraph (b), those functions may be exercised in respect of an area by the council of that area, or
(b)  if the functions are conferred or imposed in respect of part of an area, those functions may be exercised in respect of that part by the council of that area.
(3A)  Where functions are conferred or imposed by or under this Act on a public authority, being a Public Service agency or some other unincorporated group of persons, those functions may be exercised by a person who is authorised to exercise those functions on behalf of the public authority.
(4)  A reference in this Act to the exercise of a function includes, where that function is a duty, a reference to the performance of that duty.
(5)  A reference in this Act to an authority or person preparing a document includes a reference to the authority or person causing the document to be prepared on the authority’s or person’s behalf.
(6)  The Minister may, by order published in the Gazette, declare any land, whether or not consisting of areas or parts of areas, to be a region for the purposes of this Act.
Editorial note.
 For orders under this subsection, see the Historical notes at the end of this Act.
(6A)    (Repealed)
(7)  A reference in this Act to a direction is a reference to a direction in writing.
(7A)  A power, express or implied, of the Minister to make a declaration under this Act includes a power to revoke or amend the declaration.
(8)  A power, express or implied, to give a direction under this Act includes a power to revoke or amend the direction.
(8A)  If an environmental planning instrument confers a power on any person or body to make an order (whether or not the order must be in writing), the power includes a power to amend or repeal an order made in the exercise of the power.
(9)  A reference in this Act to a prescribed form includes a reference to a form that is to the effect of that prescribed form.
(10)  A reference in this Act to any act, matter or thing as specified in an environmental planning instrument includes a reference to any act, matter or thing that is of a class or description as specified in such an instrument.
(11)  A reference in this Act to the granting of consent includes a reference to the granting of consent subject to conditions.
(12)  Without affecting the generality of section 8 (b) of the Interpretation Act 1987, a reference in this Act to the owner or lessee of land includes a reference to joint or multiple owners or lessees of land.
(13)  Notes in this Act are explanatory notes and do not form part of this Act.
(14)  A reference in this Act to an original document, map or plan includes a reference to a document, map or plan created, or a copy of which is kept, in electronic form.
(15)  A reference in this Act to a map includes a reference to a spatial dataset.