Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 No 203
Division 2C Departmental enforcement powers
Subdivision 1 Preliminary
122G Purposes for which powers under Division may be exercised
(1) Powers may be exercised under this Division for the following purposes:(a) for enabling the Minister or Director-General to exercise their functions under this Act,(b) for determining whether there has been compliance with or a contravention of this Act, the regulations, any environmental planning instrument, any approval under Part 3A or any development consent under Part 4 or any document or requirement issued or made under this Act,(c) for obtaining information or records for purposes connected with the administration of this Act,(d) generally for administering this Act and securing the objects of this Act.(2) Powers are not to be exercised under this Division for the purpose only of investigating the exercise of the statutory functions of a council under this Act.(3) Nothing in this Division affects any function under any other part of this Act or under any other Act.
122H Definitions: Division 2C
In this Division:means a person appointed under section 122I.occupier of premises means the person who has the management or control of the premises.records includes plans, specifications, maps, reports, books and other documents (whether in writing, in electronic form or otherwise).
122I Appointment of authorised officers
(1) The Director-General may appoint any person (including a class of persons) as an authorised officer for the purposes of this Division.(2) An authorisation of a person as an authorised officer can be given generally, or subject to conditions, limitations or restrictions or only for limited purposes.(3) Every authorised officer is to be provided with an identification card as an authorised officer by the Director-General.(4) In the course of exercising the functions of an authorised officer under this Division, the officer must, if requested to do so by any person affected by the exercise of any such function, produce the officer’s identification card to the person.
Subdivision 2 Powers of entry and search of premises
122J Powers of authorised officers to enter premises
(1) An authorised officer may enter:(a) any premises at which the authorised officer reasonably suspects that any industrial, agricultural or commercial activities are being carried out—at any time during which those activities are being carried out there, and(b) any other premises—at any reasonable time.(2) A power to enter premises conferred by this Subdivision authorises entry by foot or by means of a motor vehicle or other vehicle, or in any other manner.(3) Entry may be effected under this Subdivision by an authorised officer with the aid of such authorised officers, police officers or other persons as the authorised officer considers necessary and with the use of reasonable force.(4) Entry may be effected to any premises with the authority of a search warrant under section 122M.
122K Entry into residential premises only with permission or warrant
This Division does not empower an authorised officer to enter any part of premises used only for residential purposes without the permission of the occupier or the authority of a search warrant under section 122M.
122L Powers of authorised officers to do things at premises
(1) An authorised officer may, at any premises lawfully entered, do anything that in the opinion of the authorised officer is necessary to be done for the purposes of this Division, including (but not limited to) the things specified in subsection (2).(2) An authorised officer may do any of the following:(a) examine and inspect any works, plant or other article,(b) take and remove samples,(c) make such examinations, inquiries and tests as the authorised officer considers necessary,(d) take such photographs, films, audio, video and other recordings as the authorised officer considers necessary,(e) require records to be produced for inspection,(f) examine and inspect any records,(g) copy any records,(h) seize anything that the authorised officer has reasonable grounds for believing is connected with an offence against this Act or the regulations,(i) do any thing that a person authorised by a council is empowered to do under Division 1A,(j) do any other thing the authorised officer is empowered to do under this Division.(3) The power to seize anything connected with an offence includes a power to seize:(a) a thing with respect to which the offence has been committed, and(b) a thing that will afford evidence of the commission of the offence, and(c) a thing that was used for the purpose of committing the offence.A reference to any such offence includes a reference to an offence that there are reasonable grounds for believing has been committed.
122M Search warrants
(1) Application for search warrant An authorised officer may apply to an issuing officer for the issue of a search warrant if the authorised officer believes on reasonable grounds that a provision of or made under this Act is being or has been contravened at any premises.(2) Issue of search warrant An issuing officer to whom such an application is made may, if satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for doing so, issue a search warrant authorising an authorised officer named in the warrant:(a) to enter the premises, and(b) to exercise any function of an authorised officer under this Division.(3) Application of Law Enforcement (Powers and Responsibilities) Act 2002 Division 4 of Part 5 of the Law Enforcement (Powers and Responsibilities) Act 2002 applies to a search warrant issued under this section.(4) Definition In this section:issuing officer means an authorised officer within the meaning of the Law Enforcement (Powers and Responsibilities) Act 2002.
122N Assistance to be given to authorised officers
(1) This section applies for the purpose of enabling an authorised officer to exercise any of the powers of an authorised officer under this Division in connection with any premises.(2) The Director-General may, by notice in writing given to the owner or occupier of the premises, require the owner or occupier to provide such reasonable assistance and facilities as are specified in the notice within a specified time and in a specified manner.(3) Assistance and facilities can be required under this section, whether they are of the same kind as, or a different kind from, any prescribed by the regulations.
122O Care to be taken and compensation
(1) In the exercise of a power of entering or searching premises under this Subdivision, the authorised officer must do as little damage as possible.(2) The State must compensate all interested parties for any damage caused by an authorised officer in exercising a power of entering premises (but not any damage caused by the exercise of any other power), unless the occupier obstructed or hindered the authorised officer in the exercise of the power of entry.
Subdivision 3 Power to obtain information or records
122P Application of Subdivision
This Subdivision applies whether or not a power of entry under this Division is being or has been exercised.
122Q Requirement to provide information and records
(1) An authorised officer may, by notice in writing given to a person, require the person to furnish to the officer such information or records (or both) as the officer requires by the notice in connection with any matter within the responsibilities and functions of the Minister or Director-General under this Act.(2) A notice under this Subdivision must specify the manner in which information or records are required to be furnished and a reasonable time by which the information or records are required to be furnished.
122R Provisions relating to records
(1) A notice under this Subdivision may only require a person to furnish existing records that are in the person’s possession or that are within the person’s power to obtain lawfully.(2) The body or person to whom any record is furnished under this Subdivision may take copies of it.(3) If any record required to be furnished under this Subdivision is in electronic, mechanical or other form, the notice requires the record to be furnished in written form, unless the notice otherwise provides.
122S Power of authorised officers to require answers and record evidence
(1) An authorised officer may require a person whom the authorised officer suspects on reasonable grounds to have knowledge of matters in respect of which information is reasonably required in connection with any matter within the responsibilities and functions of the Minister or Director-General under this Act to answer questions in relation to those matters.(2) The Minister or Director-General may require a corporation to nominate a director or officer of the corporation who is authorised to represent the corporation for the purposes of answering questions under this section.(3) An authorised officer may, by notice in writing, require a person to attend at a specified place and time to answer questions under this section if attendance at that place is reasonably required in order that the questions can be properly put and answered.(4) The place and time at which a person may be required to attend under subsection (3) is to be:(a) a place or time nominated by the person, or(b) if the place and time nominated is not reasonable in the circumstances or a place and time is not nominated by the person, a place and time nominated by the authorised officer that is reasonable in the circumstances.(5) An authorised officer may cause any questions and answers to questions given under this section to be recorded if the officer has informed the person who is to be questioned that the record is to be made.(6) A record may be made using sound recording apparatus or audio visual apparatus, or any other method determined by the authorised officer.(7) A copy of any such record must be provided by the authorised officer to the person who is questioned as soon as practicable after it is made.(8) A record may be made under this section despite the provisions of any other law.
Subdivision 4 General
122T Criminal proceedings relating to compliance with requirements under this Division
(1) A person is not guilty of an offence under section 125 in respect of a neglect or failure to comply with a requirement made of the person under this Division if the person satisfies the court that the person had a lawful excuse for doing so.(2) A person must not furnish any information or do any other thing in purported compliance with a requirement made under this Division that the person knows is false or misleading in a material respect.(3) A person must not wilfully delay or obstruct an authorised officer in the exercise of the authorised officer’s powers under this Division.(4) Despite section 126, the maximum penalty for an offence under section 125 arising under this Division is:(a) in the case of a corporation—$250,000 and, in the case of a continuing offence, a further penalty of $120,000 for each day the offence continues, or(b) in the case of an individual—$120,000 and, in the case of a continuing offence, a further penalty of $60,000 for each day the offence continues.
122U Provisions relating to requirements to furnish records, information or answer questions
(1) Warning to be given on each occasion A person is not guilty of an offence of failing to comply with a requirement under this Division to furnish records or information or to answer a question unless the person was warned on that occasion that a failure to comply is an offence.(2) Self-incrimination not an excuse A person is not excused from a requirement under this Division to furnish records or information or to answer a question on the ground that the record, information or answer might incriminate the person or make the person liable to a penalty.(3) Information or answer not admissible if objection made However, any information furnished or answer given by a natural person in compliance with a requirement under this Division is not admissible in evidence against the person in criminal proceedings (except proceedings for an offence under this Division) if:(a) the person objected at the time to doing so on the ground that it might incriminate the person, or(b) the person was not warned on that occasion that the person may object to furnishing the information or giving the answer on the ground that it might incriminate the person.(4) Records admissible Any record furnished by a person in compliance with a requirement under this Division is not inadmissible in evidence against the person in criminal proceedings on the ground that the record might incriminate the person.(5) Further information Further information obtained as a result of a record or information furnished or of an answer given in compliance with a requirement under this Division is not inadmissible on the ground:(a) that the record or information had to be furnished or the answer had to be given, or(b) that the record or information furnished or answer given might incriminate the person.
122V Miscellaneous provisions relating to notices
(1) More than one notice under a provision of this Division may be given to the same person.(2) A notice given under this Division may be revoked or varied by a subsequent notice or notices (including by extending the time for compliance with the notice).(3) A notice may be given under this Division to a person in respect of a matter or thing even though the person is outside the State or the matter or thing occurs or is located outside the State, so long the matter or thing affects the environment of this State.