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Contents (1974 - 80)
National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974 No 80
Current version for 25 August 2017 to date (accessed 18 November 2017 at 06:13)
Part 4 Division 2
Division 2 Management principles
30E   National parks
(1)  The purpose of reserving land as a national park is to identify, protect and conserve areas containing outstanding or representative ecosystems, natural or cultural features or landscapes or phenomena that provide opportunities for public appreciation and inspiration and sustainable visitor or tourist use and enjoyment so as to enable those areas to be managed in accordance with subsection (2).
(2)  A national park is to be managed in accordance with the following principles:
(a)  the conservation of biodiversity, the maintenance of ecosystem function, the protection of geological and geomorphological features and natural phenomena and the maintenance of natural landscapes,
(b)  the conservation of places, objects, features and landscapes of cultural value,
(c)  the protection of the ecological integrity of one or more ecosystems for present and future generations,
(d)  the promotion of public appreciation and understanding of the national park’s natural and cultural values,
(e)  provision for sustainable visitor or tourist use and enjoyment that is compatible with the conservation of the national park’s natural and cultural values,
(f)  provision for the sustainable use (including adaptive reuse) of any buildings or structures or modified natural areas having regard to the conservation of the national park’s natural and cultural values,
(fa)  provision for the carrying out of development in any part of a special area (within the meaning of the Hunter Water Act 1991) in the national park that is permitted under section 185A having regard to the conservation of the national park’s natural and cultural values,
(g)  provision for appropriate research and monitoring.
30F   Historic sites
(1)  The purpose of reserving land as a historic site is to identify, protect and conserve areas associated with a person, event or historical theme, or containing a building, place, feature or landscape of cultural significance so as to enable those areas to be managed in accordance with subsection (2).
(2)  A historic site is to be managed in accordance with the following principles:
(a)  the conservation of places, objects, features and landscapes of cultural value,
(b)  the conservation of natural values,
(c)  provision for sustainable visitor or tourist use and enjoyment that is compatible with the conservation of the historic site’s natural and cultural values,
(d)  provision for the sustainable use (including adaptive reuse) of any buildings or structures or modified natural areas having regard to the conservation of the historic site’s natural and cultural values,
(da)  provision for the carrying out of development in any part of a special area (within the meaning of the Hunter Water Act 1991) in the historic site that is permitted under section 185A having regard to the conservation of the historic site’s natural and cultural values,
(e)  the promotion of public appreciation and understanding of the historic site’s natural and cultural values,
(f)  provision for appropriate research and monitoring.
30G   State conservation areas
(1)  The purpose of reserving land as a state conservation area is to identify, protect and conserve areas:
(a)  that contain significant or representative ecosystems, landforms or natural phenomena or places of cultural significance, and
(b)  that are capable of providing opportunities for sustainable visitor or tourist use and enjoyment, the sustainable use of buildings and structures or research, and
(c)  that are capable of providing opportunities for uses permitted under other provisions of this Act in such areas, including uses permitted under section 47J,
so as to enable those areas to be managed in accordance with subsection (2).
(2)  A state conservation area is to be managed in accordance with the following principles:
(a)  the conservation of biodiversity, the maintenance of ecosystem function, the protection of natural phenomena and the maintenance of natural landscapes,
(b)  the conservation of places, objects and features of cultural value,
(c)  provision for the undertaking of uses permitted under other provisions of this Act in such areas (including uses permitted under section 47J) having regard to the conservation of the natural and cultural values of the state conservation area,
(ca)  provision for the carrying out of development in any part of a special area (within the meaning of the Hunter Water Act 1991) in the state conservation area that is permitted under section 185A having regard to the conservation of the natural and cultural values of the state conservation area,
(d)  provision for sustainable visitor or tourist use and enjoyment that is compatible with the conservation of the state conservation area’s natural and cultural values and with uses permitted under other provisions of this Act in such areas,
(e)  provision for the sustainable use (including adaptive reuse) of any buildings or structures or modified natural areas having regard to the conservation of the state conservation area’s natural and cultural values and with uses permitted under other provisions of this Act in such areas,
(f)  provision for appropriate research and monitoring.
30H   Regional parks
(1)  The purpose of reserving land as a regional park is to identify, protect and conserve areas in a natural or modified landscape that are suitable for public recreation and enjoyment so as to enable those areas to be managed in accordance with subsection (2).
(2)  A regional park is to be managed in accordance with the following principles:
(a)  the provision of opportunities, in an outdoor setting, for recreation and enjoyment in natural or modified landscapes,
(b)  the identification, interpretation, management and conservation of the park so as to maintain and enhance significant landscape values,
(c)  the conservation of natural and cultural values,
(d)  the promotion of public appreciation and understanding of the regional park’s natural and cultural values,
(e)  provision for sustainable visitor or tourist use and enjoyment that is compatible with the conservation of the regional park’s natural and cultural values,
(f)  provision for the sustainable use (including adaptive reuse) of any buildings or structures or modified natural areas having regard to the conservation of the regional park’s natural and cultural values,
(g)  provision for the carrying out of development in any part of a special area (within the meaning of the Hunter Water Act 1991) in the regional park that is permitted under section 185A having regard to the conservation of the regional park’s natural and cultural values.
30I   Karst conservation reserves
(1)  The purpose of reserving land as a karst conservation reserve is to identify, protect and conserve areas, including subterranean land, containing outstanding or representative examples of karst landforms and natural phenomena so as to enable those areas to be managed in accordance with subsection (2).
(2)  A karst conservation reserve is to be managed in accordance with the following principles:
(a)  the conservation of the karst environment, including the protection of catchment values, such as hydrological processes and water quality,
(b)  the conservation of cultural values,
(c)  the protection of natural water movement and air movement regimes and processes within the karst environment,
(d)  the conservation of biodiversity, the maintenance of ecosystem function, the protection of the geological and geomorphological features and natural phenomena and the maintenance of natural landscapes, cave formations and fossil deposits,
(e)  provision for research and monitoring,
(f)  the promotion of public appreciation and understanding of the karst conservation reserve’s natural and cultural values,
(g)  provision for sustainable visitor or tourist use and enjoyment that is compatible with the karst conservation reserve’s natural and cultural values,
(h)  provision for sustainable use (including adaptive reuse) of any buildings or structures or modified natural areas having regard to the conservation of the karst conservation reserve’s natural and cultural values,
(i)  provision for the carrying out of development in any part of a special area (within the meaning of the Hunter Water Act 1991) in the karst conservation reserve that is permitted under section 185A having regard to the conservation of the karst conservation reserve’s natural and cultural values.
30J   Nature reserves
(1)  The purpose of reserving land as a nature reserve is to identify, protect and conserve areas containing outstanding, unique or representative ecosystems, species, communities or natural phenomena so as to enable those areas to be managed in accordance with subsection (2).
(2)  A nature reserve is to be managed in accordance with the following principles:
(a)  the conservation of biodiversity, the maintenance of ecosystem function, the protection of geological and geomorphological features and natural phenomena,
(b)  the conservation of places, objects, features and landscapes of cultural value,
(c)  the promotion of public appreciation, enjoyment and understanding of the nature reserve’s natural and cultural values,
(d)  provision for appropriate research and monitoring,
(e)  provision for the carrying out of development in any part of a special area (within the meaning of the Hunter Water Act 1991) in the nature reserve that is permitted under section 185A having regard to the conservation of the nature reserve’s natural and cultural values.
30K   Aboriginal areas
(1)  The purpose of reserving land as an Aboriginal area is to identify, protect and conserve areas associated with a person, event or historical theme, or containing a building, place, object, feature or landscape:
(a)  of natural or cultural significance to Aboriginal people, or
(b)  of importance in improving public understanding of Aboriginal culture and its development and transitions,
so as to enable those areas to be managed in accordance with subsection (2).
(2)  An Aboriginal area is to be managed in accordance with the following principles:
(a)  the conservation of natural values, buildings, places, objects, features and landscapes of cultural value to Aboriginal people in accordance with the cultural values of the Aboriginal people to whose heritage the buildings, places, objects, features or landscapes belong,
(b)  the conservation of natural or other cultural values,
(c)  allowing the use of the Aboriginal area by Aboriginal people for cultural purposes,
(d)  the promotion of public understanding and appreciation of the Aboriginal area’s natural and cultural values and significance where appropriate,
(e)  provision for appropriate research and monitoring, in accordance with the cultural values of the Aboriginal people,
(f)  provision for the carrying out of development in any part of a special area (within the meaning of the Hunter Water Act 1991) in the Aboriginal area that is permitted under section 185A having regard to the conservation of the Aboriginal area’s natural and cultural values,
(g)  provision for sustainable visitor or tourist use and enjoyment that is compatible with the Aboriginal area’s natural and cultural values and the cultural values of the Aboriginal people,
(h)  provision for sustainable use (including adaptive reuse) of any buildings or structures or modified natural areas having regard to the Aboriginal area’s natural and cultural values and the cultural values of the Aboriginal people.