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Contents (1974 - 80)
National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974 No 80
Current version for 25 August 2017 to date (accessed 19 November 2017 at 16:10)
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Responsible Minister
Minister for the Environment

Authorisation
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File last modified 18 October 2017.

National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974 No 80

An Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to the establishment, preservation and management of national parks, historic sites and certain other areas and the protection of certain Aboriginal objects; to repeal the Wild Flowers and Native Plants Protection Act 1927, the Fauna Protection Act 1948, the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1967 and certain other enactments; to amend the Local Government Act 1919 and certain other Acts in certain respects; and for purposes connected therewith.
Part 1 Preliminary
1   Name of Act
This Act may be cited as the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974.
2   Commencement
(1)  This section and section 1 shall commence on the date of assent to this Act.
(2)  Except as provided in subsection (1), this Act shall commence on such day as may be appointed by the Governor in respect thereof and as may be notified by proclamation published in the Gazette.
2A   Objects of Act
(1)  The objects of this Act are as follows:
(a)  the conservation of nature, including, but not limited to, the conservation of:
(i)  habitat, ecosystems and ecosystem processes, and
(ii)  biological diversity at the community, species and genetic levels, and
(iii)  landforms of significance, including geological features and processes, and
(iv)  landscapes and natural features of significance including wilderness and wild rivers,
(b)  the conservation of objects, places or features (including biological diversity) of cultural value within the landscape, including, but not limited to:
(i)  places, objects and features of significance to Aboriginal people, and
(ii)  places of social value to the people of New South Wales, and
(iii)  places of historic, architectural or scientific significance,
(c)  fostering public appreciation, understanding and enjoyment of nature and cultural heritage and their conservation,
(d)  providing for the management of land reserved under this Act in accordance with the management principles applicable for each type of reservation.
(2)  The objects of this Act are to be achieved by applying the principles of ecologically sustainable development.
(3)  In carrying out functions under this Act, the Minister, the Chief Executive and the Service are to give effect to the following:
(a)  the objects of this Act,
(b)  the public interest in the protection of the values for which land is reserved under this Act and the appropriate management of those lands.
3   Act binds Crown
This Act binds the Crown, not only in right of New South Wales but also, so far as the legislative power of Parliament permits, the Crown in all its other capacities.
4   Repeals, amendments, savings, transitional and other provisions
(1), (2)    (Repealed)
(3)  Schedule 3 has effect.
5   Definitions
(1)  In this Act, except in so far as the context or subject-matter otherwise indicates or requires:
Aboriginal area means lands dedicated as an Aboriginal area under this Act.
Aboriginal heritage impact permit means a permit issued under Division 2 of Part 6.
Aboriginal object means any deposit, object or material evidence (not being a handicraft made for sale) relating to the Aboriginal habitation of the area that comprises New South Wales, being habitation before or concurrent with (or both) the occupation of that area by persons of non-Aboriginal extraction, and includes Aboriginal remains.
Aboriginal owner board members, in relation to lands reserved or dedicated under Part 4A, means the Aboriginal owners who are members of the board of management for the lands.
Aboriginal owners has the same meaning as in the Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983.
Note.
 
The term Aboriginal owners of land is defined in the Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983 to mean the Aboriginal persons named as having a cultural association with the land in the Register of Aboriginal Owners kept under Division 3 of Part 9 of that Act.
Aboriginal person has the same meaning as in the Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983 and Aboriginal people has a corresponding meaning.
Aboriginal place means any place declared to be an Aboriginal place under section 84.
Aboriginal remains means the body or the remains of the body of a deceased Aboriginal person, but does not include:
(a)  a body or the remains of a body buried in a cemetery in which non-Aboriginal persons are also buried, or
(b)  a body or the remains of a body dealt with or to be dealt with in accordance with a law of the State relating to medical treatment or the examination, for forensic or other purposes, of the bodies of deceased persons.
adaptive reuse of a building or structure on land means the modification of the building or structure and its curtilage to suit an existing or proposed use, and that use of the building or structure, but only if:
(a)  the modification and use is carried out in a sustainable manner, and
(b)  the modification and use are not inconsistent with the conservation of the natural and cultural values of the land, and
(c)  in the case of a building or structure of cultural significance, the modification is compatible with the retention of the cultural significance of the building or structure.
advisory committee means an advisory committee constituted under this Act.
amphibian means any frog or other member of the class amphibia that is native to Australia and includes the eggs and the young thereof and the skin or any other part thereof.
animal means any animal, whether vertebrate or invertebrate, and at whatever stage of development, but does not include fish within the meaning of the Fisheries Management Act 1994 other than amphibians or aquatic or amphibious mammals or aquatic or amphibious reptiles.
approval includes a consent, licence or permission and any form of authorisation.
authorised officer means the Chief Executive or a person appointed as an authorised officer for the time being under section 156B.
bird means any bird that is native to, or is of a species that periodically or occasionally migrates to, Australia, and includes the eggs and the young thereof and the skin, feathers or any other part thereof.
board of management means a board of management established under Division 6 of Part 4A.
Chief Executive means the Chief Executive of the Office.
commencement day means the day appointed and notified under section 2 (2).
community service includes the supply, provision or maintenance of access roads, parking areas or mooring areas, an electricity, gas or water service and a sewerage or garbage disposal service.
conservation agreement means an agreement entered into under Division 12 of Part 4.
conservation area means land subject to a conservation agreement.
Council means the National Parks and Wildlife Advisory Council constituted under this Act.
Crown lands means:
(a)  Crown land within the meaning of the Crown Lands Act 1989, and
(b)  those parts of the seabed and of the waters beneath which it is submerged that are within the territorial jurisdiction of New South Wales and not within the Eastern Division described in the Second Schedule to the Crown Lands Consolidation Act 1913 (as in force immediately before its repeal).
damage in relation to habitat (including critical habitat) includes damage by the removal or relocation of the habitat or a part of the habitat.
ecological community has the same meaning as in the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.
egg includes any part of an egg or eggshell.
emu means any bird of the species Dromaius novaehollandiae.
emu breeder means a person who exercises or carries on the business of breeding emus (including the rearing of emu chicks lawfully taken in the wild) or dealing in live emus, whole emu eggs or other emu products.
emu products means products (such as eggs, meat, skin, feathers, claws and oil) derived from emus or from the processing of emu carcases.
endangered ecological community means an endangered or critically endangered ecological community within the meaning of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.
endangered population means an endangered population within the meaning of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.
endangered species means an endangered or critically endangered species within the meaning of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.
exercise a function includes perform a duty.
ex-officio ranger means a person who, by the operation of section 16, is a ranger by virtue of the person’s office.
explosive means an explosive within the meaning of the Explosives Act 2003.
fauna means any mammal, bird, reptile or amphibian.
flora reserve means a flora reserve within the meaning of the Forestry Act 2012.
function includes a power, authority or duty.
Fund means the National Parks and Wildlife Fund referred to in section 137.
habitat includes habitat periodically or occasionally occupied by a species, population or ecological community.
harm an animal (including an animal of a threatened species, population or ecological community) includes hunt, shoot, poison, net, snare, spear, pursue, capture, trap, injure or kill, but does not include harm by changing the habitat of an animal.
harm an object or place includes any act or omission that:
(a)  destroys, defaces or damages the object or place, or
(b)  in relation to an object—moves the object from the land on which it had been situated, or
(c)  is specified by the regulations, or
(d)  causes or permits the object or place to be harmed in a manner referred to in paragraph (a), (b) or (c),
but does not include any act or omission that:
(e)  desecrates the object or place, or
(f)  is trivial or negligible, or
(g)  is excluded from this definition by the regulations.
historic site means lands reserved as a historic site under this Act.
honorary ranger means a person appointed as an honorary ranger under this Act.
interim protection order means an order made under Part 6A.
intertidal zone means the area between mean high water mark and mean low water mark.
karst conservation reserve means lands dedicated as a karst conservation reserve under this Act.
karst environment means an area of land, including subterranean land, that has developed in soluble rock through the processes of solution, abrasion or collapse, together with its associated bedrock, soil, water, gases and biodiversity.
lands of the Crown means lands vested in a Minister of the Crown or in a public authority.
local council means the council of a local government area.
mammal means any mammal, whether native, introduced or imported, and includes an aquatic or amphibious mammal, the eggs and the young of a mammal, and the skin or any other part of a mammal, but does not include any introduced or imported domestic mammal or any rat or mouse not native to Australia.
management principles, in relation to land reserved under this Act, means the management principles set out in Division 2 of Part 4 for the land.
marine mammal means all animals of the orders of Cetacea, Sirenia and Pinnipedia.
minerals includes coal, shale and petroleum.
modified natural area means an area of land where the native vegetation cover has been substantially modified or removed by human activity (other than activity relating to bush fire management or wild fire) and that is identified in a plan of management as not being appropriate for or capable of restoration.
motor vehicle means a motor car, motor carriage, motor cycle or other apparatus propelled on land, snow or ice wholly or partly by volatile spirit, steam, gas, oil or electricity.
national park means lands reserved as a national park under this Act.
National Parks and Wildlife Reserve Trust means the National Parks and Wildlife Reserve Trust established under section 9 of the Forestry and National Park Estate Act 1998.
national parks legislation means each of the following Acts and the regulations under those Acts:
(a)  this Act,
(b)    (Repealed)
native plant means any tree, shrub, fern, creeper, vine, palm or plant that is native to Australia, and includes the flower and any other part thereof.
nature reserve means lands dedicated as a nature reserve under this Act.
Office means the Office of Environment and Heritage.
officer of the Service means a person referred to in section 6.
owner, in relation to lands, includes every person who jointly or severally, whether at law or in equity:
(a)  is entitled to the lands for any estate of freehold in possession,
(b)  is a person to whom the Crown has lawfully contracted to sell the lands under the Crown Lands Consolidation Act 1913 or any other Act relating to the alienation of lands of the Crown, or
(c)  is entitled to receive, or is in receipt of, or if the lands were let to a tenant would be entitled to receive, the rents and profits thereof, whether as beneficial owner, trustee, mortgagee in possession or otherwise.
pick a plant (including a native plant, a protected native plant and a plant that is of, or is part of, a threatened species, population or ecological community) includes gather, pluck, cut, pull up, destroy, poison, take, dig up, crush, trample, remove or injure the plant or any part of the plant.
plan of management means a plan of management under Part 5.
plant includes fungi and lichen.
population has the same meaning as in the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.
premises includes building, store, shop, tent, hut or other structure, or place, whether built upon or not, or any part thereof.
prescribed means prescribed by this Act or the regulations.
principles of ecologically sustainable development means the principles of ecologically sustainable development described in section 6 (2) of the Protection of the Environment Administration Act 1991.
prohibited weapon means:
(a)  a gun, rifle, weapon or other article:
(i)  from which a bullet, shot or other hurtful thing or material may be discharged, whether by an explosive or by any other means whatever, or
(ii)  that is designed to be used to discharge, whether by an explosive or by any other means whatever, a dart or other thing or material containing, coated or impregnated with a drug or other substance, for the purpose of tranquillising or immobilising an animal by means of the administration to the animal of the drug or other substance,
and any telescopic sight, silencer or other accessory attached to the gun, rifle, weapon or article,
(b)  any other weapon prescribed for the purposes of this paragraph, and
(c)  an article or device that, but for the absence of, or a defect in, some part thereof, or some obstruction therein, would be a gun, rifle, weapon or article referred to in paragraph (a) or a weapon prescribed for the purposes of paragraph (b).
prospect means search for any mineral by any means and carry out such works and remove such samples as may be necessary to test the mineral bearing qualities of land.
protected fauna means a protected animal within the meaning of the Biodiversity Conservation Act 2016.
protected native plant means a native plant of a species named or referred to in Schedule 13.
public authority means a public or local authority constituted by or under an Act, a Public Service agency or a statutory body representing the Crown.
public register means the public register kept under section 188F.
regional advisory committee means an advisory committee constituted under section 24 (2).
regional park means land reserved as a regional park under this Act.
regional park trust means a regional park trust established under section 47S.
registered native title claimant has the same meaning as it has in the Native Title Act 1993 of the Commonwealth.
regulations means regulations under this Act.
reptile means a snake, lizard, crocodile, tortoise, turtle or other member of the class reptilia (whether native, introduced or imported), and includes the eggs and the young thereof and the skin or any other part thereof.
sell includes:
(a)  auction, barter, exchange or supply,
(b)  offer, expose, supply or receive for sale,
(c)  send, forward or deliver for sale or on sale,
(d)  dispose of under a hire-purchase agreement,
(e)  cause, permit or suffer the doing of an act referred to in paragraph (a), (b), (c) or (d),
(f)  offer or attempt to do an act so referred to,
(g)  cause, permit or suffer to be sold,
(h)  attempt to sell or offer to sell, or
(i)  have in possession for sale.
Service means the National Parks and Wildlife Service as referred to in section 6.
skin, in relation to fauna, means the whole or part of the integument of any fauna, whether dressed or tanned or otherwise processed, but does not include any manufactured article.
skin dealer means a person who exercises or carries on:
(a)  the business of dealing in the skins of protected fauna, whether by buying or selling or by buying and selling, and whether or not the person deals in other things, or
(b)  the business of tanning the skins of protected fauna, whether or not the person tans other skins,
or both, and whether on the person’s own behalf or on behalf of any other person, and whether or not the person exercises or carries on any other business.
species has the same meaning as in the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.
species presumed extinct has the same meaning as in the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.
specified, in relation to a licence or other instrument under this Act, means specified in the licence or other instrument.
state conservation area means land reserved as a state conservation area under this Act.
state conservation area trust means a state conservation area trust established under section 47GA in respect of Cape Byron State Conservation Area.
State forest means a State forest within the meaning of the Forestry Act 2012.
sustainable, in relation to visitor or tourist use and enjoyment of land, means sustainable within the meaning of the principles of ecologically sustainable development.
threatened species has the same meaning as in the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.
threatened species, populations and ecological communities and threatened species, population or ecological community have the same meanings as in the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.
threatening process has the same meaning as in the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.
timber reserve means a timber reserve within the meaning of the Forestry Act 2012.
trust board means a trust board established under:
(a)  section 47GB in respect of a state conservation area trust, or
(b)  section 47T in respect of a regional park trust.
Valuer-General means the valuer-general appointed under the Valuation of Land Act 1916.
vehicle includes:
(a)  a boat or other object that, while floating on water or submerged, whether wholly or partly, under water, is wholly or partly used for the conveyance of persons or things,
(b)  an apparatus that, while propelled, or directed or controlled, in the air by human or mechanical power or by the wind, is wholly or partly used for the conveyance of persons or things,
(c)  a motor vehicle,
(d)  an apparatus propelled, or directed or controlled, upon land, snow or ice by human or animal power or by the wind, and
(e)  a trailer or caravan, whether or not it is in the course of being towed.
vulnerable species has the same meaning as in the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995.
wild, in relation to any species of fauna, means not domesticated.
wild river means a river declared to be a wild river under this Act.
wilderness area means land (including subterranean land) that is reserved under this Act and is declared to be a wilderness area under the Wilderness Act 1987.
wilderness protection agreement has the same meaning as it has in the Wilderness Act 1987.
wildlife means fauna and native plants.
wildlife refuge means lands declared to be a wildlife refuge under this Act.
world heritage property means property of outstanding universal value that is inscribed on the World Heritage List under Article 11 of the Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage done at Paris on 23 November 1972, as in force in Australia.
world heritage values means natural, heritage and cultural values contained in a world heritage property that are of outstanding universal value as described by the Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage done at Paris on 23 November 1972, as in force in Australia.
Note.
 The Interpretation Act 1987 contains definitions and other provisions that affect the interpretation and application of this Act.
(2)  In this Act, a reference to the Minister administering the Crown Lands Consolidation Act 1913 is:
(a)  in relation to lands that are not within an irrigation area within the meaning of that Act—a reference to the minister for lands, or
(b)  in relation to lands that are within such an irrigation area—a reference to the Minister for the time being administering the Water Management Act 2000.
(2A)  In this Act, a reference to a person convicted of an offence includes a reference to a person in respect of whom an order under section 10 of the Crimes (Sentencing Procedure) Act 1999 is made after the commencement of this subsection.
(3), (4)    (Repealed)
(5)  In this Act, a reference to sustainable visitor or tourist use and enjoyment includes a reference to appropriate public recreation.
(6)  Nothing in this Act shall be construed as operating to affect the law from time to time in force with respect to the navigation of the waters referred to in paragraph (b) of the definition of Crown lands in subsection (1).
(7)  Before a regulation is made under paragraph (c) or (g) of the definition of harm in subsection (1), the Minister is required to ensure, as far as is reasonably practicable, that:
(a)  a notice is to be published in a daily newspaper circulating throughout New South Wales:
(i)  stating the objects of the proposed regulation, and
(ii)  advising where a copy of the regulation may be obtained or inspected, and
(iii)  inviting comments and submissions within a specified time, but not less than 28 days from publication of the notice, and
(b)  consultation is to take place with the Aboriginal Cultural Heritage Advisory Committee, and
(c)  all the comments and submissions received are to be appropriately considered.
5A   Notes in text
Notes in the text of this Act do not form part of this Act.
Part 2 Administration
Division 1 National Parks and Wildlife Service
6   The Service
The National Parks and Wildlife Service consists of the following:
(a)  the Chief Executive,
(b)  those persons employed in the Office who are principally involved in the administration of the national parks legislation,
(c)  the persons in respect of whom any arrangements under section 11 are for the time being in force.
7   Functions of Chief Executive relating to reservation of land
(1)  The Chief Executive is to consider, and may investigate, proposals for the addition of areas to any land reserved under Part 4 or for the reservation of any new areas under Part 4.
(2)  When considering or investigating any such proposal, the Chief Executive is to have regard to the following:
(a)  the desirability of protecting the full range of natural heritage and the maintenance of natural processes,
(b)  whether the proposal is consistent with the establishment of a comprehensive, adequate and representative reserve system,
(c)  the desirability of protecting cultural heritage,
(d)  providing opportunities for appropriate public appreciation and understanding, and sustainable visitor or tourist use and enjoyment, of land reserved under this Act,
(e)  the opportunities for promoting the integration of the management of natural and cultural values,
(f)  the desirability of protecting wilderness values,
(g)  the objects of this Act,
(h)  the desirability of protecting world heritage properties and world heritage values.
8   Miscellaneous functions of Chief Executive
(1)–(2A)    (Repealed)
(3)  The Chief Executive shall in the case of every national park, historic site, state conservation area, regional park, nature reserve, karst conservation reserve and Aboriginal area:
(a)  promote such educational activities as the Chief Executive considers necessary in respect thereof,
(b)  arrange for the carrying out of such works as the Chief Executive considers necessary for or in connection with the management and maintenance thereof, and
(c)  undertake such scientific research as the Chief Executive considers necessary for or in connection with the preservation, protection, management and use thereof.
(4)  The Chief Executive may promote such educational activities, and undertake such scientific research, in respect of Aboriginal objects and Aboriginal places as the Chief Executive thinks fit, either separately or in conjunction with other persons or bodies.
(4A)  The Chief Executive is to promote opportunities for partnerships and agreements between Aboriginal people and land owners and managers in relation to places, objects and features of significance to Aboriginal people (whether on land reserved or acquired under this Act or not).
(5)  As soon as practicable after an Aboriginal object is discovered on any land reserved under this Act, the Chief Executive, after such consultation with the Australian Museum Trust as appears necessary or expedient, is required to assess the scientific importance of the Aboriginal object.
(6)  The Chief Executive may consider and investigate proposals in relation to existing or proposed Aboriginal places, wilderness areas, wild rivers, wildlife refuges and interim protection orders.
(6A)  The Chief Executive may:
(a)  consider and investigate proposals in relation to existing or proposed conservation areas,
(b)  enter into negotiations on behalf of the Minister in relation to existing or proposed conservation areas, and
(c)  in the case of every conservation area, but subject to the terms of the conservation agreement concerned:
(i)  promote such educational activities as the Chief Executive considers necessary in respect of the area,
(ii)  arrange for the carrying out of such works as the Chief Executive considers necessary for or in connection with the management and maintenance of the area,
(iii)  undertake such scientific research as the Chief Executive considers necessary for or in connection with the preservation, protection, management and use of the area, and
(iv)  take such other action as the Chief Executive considers necessary for or in connection with the carrying out of directions by the Minister relating to existing or proposed conservation agreements.
(7)  The Chief Executive:
(a)  may promote such educational activities as the Chief Executive considers necessary to awaken and maintain an appreciation of the value of and the need to conserve animal and plant life, including to conserve threatened species, populations and ecological communities, and their habitats,
(b)  may enter into arrangements for the carrying out of such works as the Chief Executive considers necessary for or in connection with the protection and care of fauna and the protection of native plants,
(c)  may undertake such scientific research as the Chief Executive considers necessary for or in connection with the preservation, protection and care of fauna and the protection of native plants and other flora, either separately or in conjunction with other persons or bodies, and
(d)  shall co-operate with the trustees of any lands dedicated or reserved under the Crown Lands Consolidation Act 1913, or the Closer Settlement Acts, in connection with:
(i)  the preservation of, the protection and care of, and the promotion of the study of, fauna, and
(ii)  the protection of, and the promotion of the study of, native plants and other flora,
and generally shall co-operate with any other persons or bodies in the establishment, care and development of areas of lands set apart for the conservation and preservation of wildlife.
(8)  The Chief Executive may promote such educational activities as the Chief Executive considers necessary for the instruction and training of ex-officio rangers, honorary rangers and prospective honorary rangers.
(9)  Without affecting the generality of any other provision of this Act conferring powers on the Chief Executive, the Chief Executive may make and enter into contracts with any person for the carrying out of works or the performance of services or the supply of goods or materials in connection with the exercise or performance by the Chief Executive or the Service of the Chief Executive’s or its responsibilities, powers, authorities, duties or functions conferred or imposed by or under this or any other Act.
(10)  The Chief Executive shall, in the exercise and discharge of the powers, authorities, duties and functions conferred or imposed on the Chief Executive by or under this or any other Act, be subject to the control and direction of the Minister.
(11), (12)    (Repealed)
9   Audit and compliance
(1)  The Minister is to establish an Audit and Compliance Committee to oversee the compliance of the Chief Executive with his or her obligations under this or any other Act.
(2)  The Minister may also request the Audit and Compliance Committee to oversee the investigation of any matter relating to the Chief Executive’s obligations under this or any other Act.
(2A)  The Audit and Compliance Committee has such other functions as may be conferred or imposed on it by this or any other Act.
(3)  The Audit and Compliance Committee may request the Chief Executive to provide any document or information in the Chief Executive’s possession to assist the Committee in the exercise of its functions. The Chief Executive must, unless the Minister directs otherwise, provide such documents or information to the Committee.
(4)  The members of the Committee are to comprise the Chief Executive (or the Chief Executive’s delegate) and the following members appointed by the Minister:
(a)  1 member of the Council,
(b)    (Repealed)
(c)  1 member with expertise in the protection of natural or cultural heritage who is not a person employed in the Public Service,
(d)  1 member with scientific qualifications and expertise in nature conservation, not being an officer of the Service,
(e)  1 member with legal or financial experience and expertise, not being a person employed in the Public Service,
(f)  2 officers of the Service.
(5)  The members of the Committee referred to in subsection (4) (a), (c), (d) and (e) are entitled to be paid such remuneration (including travelling and subsistence allowances) as the Minister may from time to time determine in respect of the member.
(6)  An appointed member of the Committee holds office for such period, and on such terms, as are specified in the member’s instrument of appointment, but is eligible (if otherwise qualified) for re-appointment.
(7)  The Audit and Compliance Committee is to report to the Minister at least every 2 years from the commencement of this section.
10   (Repealed)
11   Use of services of personnel of public authorities
(1)    (Repealed)
(2)  The Minister or the Chief Executive may, with the approval of the statutory corporation or council concerned, on such terms as may be arranged, make use of the services of any of the officers, employees or servants of a statutory corporation or of a council or county council under the Local Government Act 1993.
(3)    (Repealed)
(4)  The Minister or the Chief Executive may, with the approval of the trustees of any state conservation area, on such terms as may be arranged, make use of the services of any of the officers, employees or servants of those trustees.
(5)  The services of any person may only be used under this section for the purposes of the national parks legislation.
12   Powers and functions of Service
The Service is to carry out such works and activities as the Minister may direct, either generally or in a particular case, in relation to the following:
(a)  the conservation and protection of land reserved under this Act or acquired for reservation under this Act and of land for which the National Parks and Wildlife Reserve Trust is the trustee,
(b)  the conservation and protection of wildlife (including threatened species, populations and ecological communities, and their habitats),
(c)  the conservation and protection of wilderness areas and wild rivers,
(d)  the identification, conservation and protection of, and prevention of damage to, Aboriginal objects and Aboriginal places,
(e)  conservation agreements and conservation areas,
(f)  the provision of facilities and opportunities for sustainable visitor or tourist use and enjoyment on land reserved under this Act,
(g)  the identification and protection of buildings, places and objects of non-Aboriginal cultural values on land reserved under this Act,
(h)  the conduct of research into and the monitoring of any of the matters referred to in paragraphs (a)–(e),
(i)  the undertaking of public education in relation to any of the matters referred to in paragraphs (a)–(e).
Division 2
13–15   (Repealed)
Division 3 Ex-officio and honorary rangers
16   Ex-officio rangers
(1)  Unless removed from office under this Division, each police officer, each authorised officer within the meaning of the Forestry Act 2012 and each fisheries officer within the meaning of the Fisheries Management Act 1994 shall, by virtue of his or her office, be a ranger.
(2)    (Repealed)
17   Honorary rangers
(1)  The Chief Executive may, by instrument in writing, appoint honorary rangers.
(2)  Where the term for which an honorary ranger is to hold office is specified in the instrument of the honorary ranger’s appointment, the honorary ranger shall, unless he or she is sooner removed from office under this Division, cease to hold office upon the expiration of that term.
(3)  An honorary ranger shall, unless the honorary ranger is sooner removed from office under this Division, cease to hold office if the honorary ranger resigns the office by instrument in writing addressed to the Chief Executive.
18   Removal or suspension of ex-officio and honorary rangers
(1)  The Chief Executive may, by instrument in writing, remove or suspend from office any ex-officio ranger or honorary ranger.
(2)  An ex-officio ranger or honorary ranger who is suspended from office under this section shall not exercise any of the powers, authorities, duties and functions of an ex-officio ranger or honorary ranger, as the case may be, during the period of his or her suspension.
(3)  The Chief Executive may, by instrument in writing, reinstate any ex-officio ranger or honorary ranger suspended from office under this section.
19   Powers and functions of ex-officio rangers
(1)  In addition to any other powers, authorities, duties and functions conferred or imposed upon an ex-officio ranger by or under this or any other Act, an ex-officio ranger shall have and may exercise and perform such of the powers, authorities, duties and functions as are conferred or imposed by or under this Act, the Wilderness Act 1987 or the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 on officers of the Service and as are specified or described in the regulations for the purposes of this subsection, but subject to such limitations and restrictions (if any) as are specified or described therein.
(2)  Without affecting the generality of section 156 (2), a regulation made in relation to any matter referred to in subsection (1) may apply generally or to any ex-officio ranger or class of ex-officio rangers specified or described therein.
20   Powers and functions of honorary rangers
In addition to any other powers, authorities, duties and functions conferred or imposed upon an honorary ranger by or under this or any other Act, an honorary ranger shall have and may exercise and perform such of the powers, authorities, duties and functions as are conferred or imposed by or under this Act, the Wilderness Act 1987 or the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 on officers of the Service and as are specified or described in the instrument of his or her appointment, but subject to such limitations and restrictions (if any) as are specified or described therein.
Division 4 Delegation
21   Delegation
(1)  The Minister may delegate the exercise of any function of the Minister under this Act (other than this power of delegation) to:
(a)  the Chief Executive, or
(b)  a person employed in the Office, or
(c)  a board of management, or
(c1)  a state conservation area trust or a regional park trust, or
(c2)  the Chairperson of the Environment Protection Authority, or
(c3)  a member of staff of the Environment Protection Authority, or
(d)  any person, or any class of persons, authorised for the purposes of this subsection by the regulations.
(2)  The Chief Executive may delegate the exercise of any function of the Chief Executive under this Act (other than this power of delegation) to:
(a)  a person employed in the Office, or
(b)  a board of management, or
(b1)  the Chairperson of the Environment Protection Authority, or
(b2)  a member of staff of the Environment Protection Authority, or
(c)  any person, or any class of persons, authorised for the purposes of this subsection by the regulations.
(3)  The power to delegate under subsection (1) or (2) extends to the following functions of the Minister or the Chief Executive, as the case may be:
(a)  functions conferred or imposed by Acts that substantially provide for the reservation of land under this Act, or the vesting of land in the Minister for the purposes of Part 11 (for example, the Brigalow and Nandewar Community Conservation Area Act 2005, the National Park Estate (Reservations) Act 2002 and the National Park Estate (Southern Region Reservations) Act 2000),
(b)  functions conferred or imposed by Acts, that are exercisable:
(i)  by the Minister as owner or occupier of land, being land acquired, or the subject of other dealings, by the Minister (whether on behalf of Her Majesty or on the Minister’s own behalf) under Part 11, or
(ii)  by the Chief Executive as an occupier of land, being land of which the Chief Executive has care, control and management under this Act,
(c)  functions conferred or imposed:
(i)  on the Minister by clause 9 (2) or 10 (2) of Schedule 7A to the Crown Lands (Continued Tenures) Act 1989, or
(ii)  on the Chief Executive by section 14 (1A) of the Dividing Fences Act 1991, or
(iii)  on the Chief Executive (as an impounding authority) by the Impounding Act 1993 (other than by section 26 (1)), or
(iv)  on the Chief Executive by section 36A (3) (d) (ii), 36B (4) (d) (ii) or 36D (3) (d) (ii) of the Local Government Act 1993, or
(v)  on the Chief Executive by section 15 (4) or (5) of the Plantations and Reafforestation Act 1999, or
(vi)  on the Chief Executive under the Public Health Act 2010 in relation to burials on land reserved or acquired under this Act, or
(vii)  on the Chief Executive by section 47 (1) (d) or 100K (1) (b) of the Rural Fires Act 1997, or
(viii)  on the Chief Executive by section 25 (2) of the State Records Act 1998, or
(ix)  on the Chief Executive (as an enforcement agency) by or under the Food Act 2003.
Part 3 Council and committees
Division 1 National Parks and Wildlife Advisory Council
22   The Council
(1)  There shall be a National Parks and Wildlife Advisory Council.
(2)  Schedule 7 has effect.
23   Functions and duties of Council
(1)  The Council has the following functions:
(a)  to provide advice to the Minister and the Chief Executive on:
(i)  strategies for attaining the objects of this Act, and
(ii)  the development, implementation and review of the policies and plans of the Service directed towards achieving those objects, and
(iii)  strategies for promoting, consistent with this Act, the conservation of natural and cultural heritage outside the reserve system, and
(iv)  the care, control and management of areas reserved under this Act and the development, implementation, review, amendment and alteration of plans of management for those areas, and
(v)    (Repealed)
(vi)  conservation agreements and conservation areas, and
(vii)  wilderness areas and wild rivers, and
(viii)  any matter referred to the Council for advice under this Act or by the Minister or the Chief Executive or that the Council considers necessary for the administration of this Act.
(b)  to consult with the Chief Executive on the Service’s operations and on the administration of this Act,
(c)  such other functions as are conferred on it by or under this or any other Act.
(2)  Subject to section 8 (10), the Chief Executive shall furnish to the Council full information in relation to any matters arising out of the administration of this Act which the Council may require.
(3)    (Repealed)
Division 2 Advisory committees
24   Constitution of advisory committees
(1)  The Chief Executive is to divide the State into administrative regions and may at any time alter or abolish those administrative regions.
(2)  A regional advisory committee is to be constituted for each administrative region.
(3)  Additional advisory committees may be constituted by the Minister for particular purposes determined by the Minister.
(4)  Schedule 8 contains provisions with respect to each regional advisory committee constituted under subsection (2).
(5)  The Minister may determine the constitution and procedure of an additional advisory committee constituted under subsection (3).
25   Functions of advisory committees
(1)  A regional advisory committee has the following functions:
(a)  to provide advice to the Chief Executive and the Council on policies and plans for the administrative region for which it was constituted,
(b)  to provide advice to the Chief Executive and the Council on activities carried out or proposed to be carried out within the administrative region for which it was constituted,
(c)  to provide advice to responsible authorities within the meaning of section 71BO on draft plans of management relating to the administrative region for which it was constituted and to the Council on the implementation of such plans of management,
(d)  to provide advice to the Chief Executive on the implementation of plans of management relating to the administrative region for which it was constituted.
(2)  An advisory committee referred to in section 24 (3) has such advisory functions as are conferred or imposed on it by the Minister.
(3)  A regional advisory committee has no function in relation to the Community Conservation Area under the Brigalow and Nandewar Community Conservation Area Act 2005.
Note.
 The members of a Community Conservation Advisory Committee established under that Act are to include a member of the relevant regional advisory committee.
26   Dissolution of advisory committees
(1)  If an administrative region for which a regional advisory committee is constituted is abolished, the advisory committee is dissolved.
(2)  A person who was a member of the advisory committee immediately before its dissolution is eligible for appointment to another advisory committee constituted for an administrative region that encompasses all or any part of the former administrative region for which the dissolved committee was constituted.
Division 3 Aboriginal Cultural Heritage Advisory Committee
27   Aboriginal Cultural Heritage Advisory Committee
(1)  There is to be an Aboriginal Cultural Heritage Advisory Committee.
(2)  Schedule 9 has effect.
28   Functions of Committee
The Aboriginal Cultural Heritage Advisory Committee is to advise the Minister and the Chief Executive on any matter relating to the identification, assessment and management of Aboriginal cultural heritage, including providing strategic advice on the plan of management and the heritage impact permit process, whether or not the matter has been referred to the Committee by the Minister or the Chief Executive.
Division 4 Karst Management Advisory Committee
29   Constitution of Karst Management Advisory Committee
(1)  There is constituted by this Act the Karst Management Advisory Committee.
(2)  The Committee is to consist of:
(a)  the Chairperson of the Committee who is to be the Chief Executive or a person employed in the Office nominated for the time being by the Chief Executive, and
(b)  9 other persons appointed by the Minister.
(3)  Of the members appointed by the Minister under subsection (2) (b):
(a)  one is to be a person who is a member of a regional advisory committee for a region that, in the opinion of the Minister, contains significant areas of karst, and
(b)  one is to be a person who has qualifications in karst or earth sciences or in a related discipline, and
(c)  one is to be a person with qualifications in geomorphology, hydrology, water management or a related discipline, and
(d)  one is to be a person with qualifications and experience in eco-tourism or recreational planning, and
(e)  one is to be a person nominated by the Australian Speleological Federation Inc, and
(f)  one is to be a person nominated by the NSW Heritage Office, and
(g)  one is to be a person nominated by the National Parks Association of NSW Inc, and
(h)  one is to be a person nominated by the New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council, and
(i)  one is to be a person nominated by the Nature Conservation Council of New South Wales.
(4)  The Chairperson of the Committee is entitled to attend and chair meetings of the Committee but is not entitled to vote at any such meeting.
(5)  Schedule 4 has effect with respect to the members and procedure of the Committee.
30   Function of Karst Management Advisory Committee
The function of the Karst Management Advisory Committee is to advise the Council on the following matters:
(a)  the conservation and management of karst environments on lands reserved, or acquired for reservation, under this Act (including matters relating to planning and policy),
(b)  any plan of management for land reserved under this Act that the Council considers contains significant karst environments, being a plan that the Council has referred to the Committee for its consideration and advice,
(c)  such other matters as are referred to the Committee by the Council, being matters relating to the administration of this Act with respect to karst environments,
(d)  the development, implementation and review of policies directed towards achieving the objects of this Act in relation to karst environments,
(e)  priorities for research relating to the management and conservation of karst environments across the State,
(f)  opportunities for sustainable visitor or tourist use and enjoyment of karst conservation reserves compatible with the reserves’ natural and cultural values,
(g)  opportunities for sustainable use (including adaptive reuse) of any buildings or structures on, or modified natural areas of, karst conservation reserves having regard to the conservation of the reserves’ natural and cultural values,
(h)  opportunities to secure funding in relation to the management and conservation of karst environments,
(i)  the protection of karst environments across the State,
(j)  assisting, supporting and promoting Government initiatives in relation to karst conservation.
Part 4 Reservation of land
Division 1 Reservation of land
30A   Governor may reserve certain land
(1)  The Governor may, by notice published in the Gazette, reserve land as any of the following or as part of any of the following:
(a)  a national park,
(b)  a historic site,
(c)  a state conservation area,
(d)  a regional park,
(e)  a karst conservation reserve,
(f)  a nature reserve,
(g)  an Aboriginal area.
(2)  The Governor may in a notice reserving land under this Division, or another notice published in the Gazette, assign a name to the reserved land or alter its name.
30B   Land that may be reserved under this Division
Land may only be reserved under this Division if it is:
(a)  Crown lands, or
(b)  lands of the Crown, or
(c)  land acquired under section 145, 146 or 148, or
(d)  land in respect of which the National Parks and Wildlife Reserve Trust is appointed trustee under section 9 of the Forestry and National Park Estate Act 1998 or under section 8 of the National Park Estate (Southern Region Reservations) Act 2000, or
(e)  crown lands reserved under the Crown Lands Acts (within the meaning of the Crown Lands Act 1989).
30C   Limitations on reservation of land as national park, historic site regional park, karst conservation reserve, nature reserve or Aboriginal area
Despite section 30B, land must not be reserved as a national park, historic site, regional park, karst conservation reserve, nature reserve or Aboriginal area:
(a)  in the case of lands of the Crown, without the concurrence in writing of the Minister or public authority in whom or which they are vested, and
(b)  in the case of Crown lands referred to in paragraph (b) of the definition of Crown lands, without the concurrence in writing of the Minister administering the Fisheries Management Act 1994, and
(c)  in the case of Crown-timber lands within the meaning of the Forestry Act 2012, without the concurrence in writing of the Minister administering that Act.
30D   Limitation on reservation of land as state conservation area
Despite section 30B, land must not be reserved as a state conservation area:
(a)  in the case of lands of the Crown, without the concurrence in writing of the Minister or public authority in whom they are vested, and
(b)  in the case of Crown lands referred to in paragraph (b) of the definition of Crown lands, without the concurrence in writing of the Minister administering the Fisheries Management Act 1994, and
(c)  in the case of Crown-timber lands within the meaning of the Forestry Act 2012, without the concurrence in writing of the Minister administering that Act, and
(d)  without the concurrence in writing of the Minister administering the Mining Act 1992 or the Minister administering the Offshore Minerals Act 1999, as the case requires.
Division 2 Management principles
30E   National parks
(1)  The purpose of reserving land as a national park is to identify, protect and conserve areas containing outstanding or representative ecosystems, natural or cultural features or landscapes or phenomena that provide opportunities for public appreciation and inspiration and sustainable visitor or tourist use and enjoyment so as to enable those areas to be managed in accordance with subsection (2).
(2)  A national park is to be managed in accordance with the following principles:
(a)  the conservation of biodiversity, the maintenance of ecosystem function, the protection of geological and geomorphological features and natural phenomena and the maintenance of natural landscapes,
(b)  the conservation of places, objects, features and landscapes of cultural value,
(c)  the protection of the ecological integrity of one or more ecosystems for present and future generations,
(d)  the promotion of public appreciation and understanding of the national park’s natural and cultural values,
(e)  provision for sustainable visitor or tourist use and enjoyment that is compatible with the conservation of the national park’s natural and cultural values,
(f)  provision for the sustainable use (including adaptive reuse) of any buildings or structures or modified natural areas having regard to the conservation of the national park’s natural and cultural values,
(fa)  provision for the carrying out of development in any part of a special area (within the meaning of the Hunter Water Act 1991) in the national park that is permitted under section 185A having regard to the conservation of the national park’s natural and cultural values,
(g)  provision for appropriate research and monitoring.
30F   Historic sites
(1)  The purpose of reserving land as a historic site is to identify, protect and conserve areas associated with a person, event or historical theme, or containing a building, place, feature or landscape of cultural significance so as to enable those areas to be managed in accordance with subsection (2).
(2)  A historic site is to be managed in accordance with the following principles:
(a)  the conservation of places, objects, features and landscapes of cultural value,
(b)  the conservation of natural values,
(c)  provision for sustainable visitor or tourist use and enjoyment that is compatible with the conservation of the historic site’s natural and cultural values,
(d)  provision for the sustainable use (including adaptive reuse) of any buildings or structures or modified natural areas having regard to the conservation of the historic site’s natural and cultural values,
(da)  provision for the carrying out of development in any part of a special area (within the meaning of the Hunter Water Act 1991) in the historic site that is permitted under section 185A having regard to the conservation of the historic site’s natural and cultural values,
(e)  the promotion of public appreciation and understanding of the historic site’s natural and cultural values,
(f)  provision for appropriate research and monitoring.
30G   State conservation areas
(1)  The purpose of reserving land as a state conservation area is to identify, protect and conserve areas:
(a)  that contain significant or representative ecosystems, landforms or natural phenomena or places of cultural significance, and
(b)  that are capable of providing opportunities for sustainable visitor or tourist use and enjoyment, the sustainable use of buildings and structures or research, and
(c)  that are capable of providing opportunities for uses permitted under other provisions of this Act in such areas, including uses permitted under section 47J,
so as to enable those areas to be managed in accordance with subsection (2).
(2)  A state conservation area is to be managed in accordance with the following principles:
(a)  the conservation of biodiversity, the maintenance of ecosystem function, the protection of natural phenomena and the maintenance of natural landscapes,
(b)  the conservation of places, objects and features of cultural value,
(c)  provision for the undertaking of uses permitted under other provisions of this Act in such areas (including uses permitted under section 47J) having regard to the conservation of the natural and cultural values of the state conservation area,
(ca)  provision for the carrying out of development in any part of a special area (within the meaning of the Hunter Water Act 1991) in the state conservation area that is permitted under section 185A having regard to the conservation of the natural and cultural values of the state conservation area,
(d)  provision for sustainable visitor or tourist use and enjoyment that is compatible with the conservation of the state conservation area’s natural and cultural values and with uses permitted under other provisions of this Act in such areas,
(e)  provision for the sustainable use (including adaptive reuse) of any buildings or structures or modified natural areas having regard to the conservation of the state conservation area’s natural and cultural values and with uses permitted under other provisions of this Act in such areas,
(f)  provision for appropriate research and monitoring.
30H   Regional parks
(1)  The purpose of reserving land as a regional park is to identify, protect and conserve areas in a natural or modified landscape that are suitable for public recreation and enjoyment so as to enable those areas to be managed in accordance with subsection (2).
(2)  A regional park is to be managed in accordance with the following principles:
(a)  the provision of opportunities, in an outdoor setting, for recreation and enjoyment in natural or modified landscapes,
(b)  the identification, interpretation, management and conservation of the park so as to maintain and enhance significant landscape values,
(c)  the conservation of natural and cultural values,
(d)  the promotion of public appreciation and understanding of the regional park’s natural and cultural values,
(e)  provision for sustainable visitor or tourist use and enjoyment that is compatible with the conservation of the regional park’s natural and cultural values,
(f)  provision for the sustainable use (including adaptive reuse) of any buildings or structures or modified natural areas having regard to the conservation of the regional park’s natural and cultural values,
(g)  provision for the carrying out of development in any part of a special area (within the meaning of the Hunter Water Act 1991) in the regional park that is permitted under section 185A having regard to the conservation of the regional park’s natural and cultural values.
30I   Karst conservation reserves
(1)  The purpose of reserving land as a karst conservation reserve is to identify, protect and conserve areas, including subterranean land, containing outstanding or representative examples of karst landforms and natural phenomena so as to enable those areas to be managed in accordance with subsection (2).
(2)  A karst conservation reserve is to be managed in accordance with the following principles:
(a)  the conservation of the karst environment, including the protection of catchment values, such as hydrological processes and water quality,
(b)  the conservation of cultural values,
(c)  the protection of natural water movement and air movement regimes and processes within the karst environment,
(d)  the conservation of biodiversity, the maintenance of ecosystem function, the protection of the geological and geomorphological features and natural phenomena and the maintenance of natural landscapes, cave formations and fossil deposits,
(e)  provision for research and monitoring,
(f)  the promotion of public appreciation and understanding of the karst conservation reserve’s natural and cultural values,
(g)  provision for sustainable visitor or tourist use and enjoyment that is compatible with the karst conservation reserve’s natural and cultural values,
(h)  provision for sustainable use (including adaptive reuse) of any buildings or structures or modified natural areas having regard to the conservation of the karst conservation reserve’s natural and cultural values,
(i)  provision for the carrying out of development in any part of a special area (within the meaning of the Hunter Water Act 1991) in the karst conservation reserve that is permitted under section 185A having regard to the conservation of the karst conservation reserve’s natural and cultural values.
30J   Nature reserves
(1)  The purpose of reserving land as a nature reserve is to identify, protect and conserve areas containing outstanding, unique or representative ecosystems, species, communities or natural phenomena so as to enable those areas to be managed in accordance with subsection (2).
(2)  A nature reserve is to be managed in accordance with the following principles:
(a)  the conservation of biodiversity, the maintenance of ecosystem function, the protection of geological and geomorphological features and natural phenomena,
(b)  the conservation of places, objects, features and landscapes of cultural value,
(c)  the promotion of public appreciation, enjoyment and understanding of the nature reserve’s natural and cultural values,
(d)  provision for appropriate research and monitoring,
(e)  provision for the carrying out of development in any part of a special area (within the meaning of the Hunter Water Act 1991) in the nature reserve that is permitted under section 185A having regard to the conservation of the nature reserve’s natural and cultural values.
30K   Aboriginal areas
(1)  The purpose of reserving land as an Aboriginal area is to identify, protect and conserve areas associated with a person, event or historical theme, or containing a building, place, object, feature or landscape:
(a)  of natural or cultural significance to Aboriginal people, or
(b)  of importance in improving public understanding of Aboriginal culture and its development and transitions,
so as to enable those areas to be managed in accordance with subsection (2).
(2)  An Aboriginal area is to be managed in accordance with the following principles:
(a)  the conservation of natural values, buildings, places, objects, features and landscapes of cultural value to Aboriginal people in accordance with the cultural values of the Aboriginal people to whose heritage the buildings, places, objects, features or landscapes belong,
(b)  the conservation of natural or other cultural values,
(c)  allowing the use of the Aboriginal area by Aboriginal people for cultural purposes,
(d)  the promotion of public understanding and appreciation of the Aboriginal area’s natural and cultural values and significance where appropriate,
(e)  provision for appropriate research and monitoring, in accordance with the cultural values of the Aboriginal people,
(f)  provision for the carrying out of development in any part of a special area (within the meaning of the Hunter Water Act 1991) in the Aboriginal area that is permitted under section 185A having regard to the conservation of the Aboriginal area’s natural and cultural values,
(g)  provision for sustainable visitor or tourist use and enjoyment that is compatible with the Aboriginal area’s natural and cultural values and the cultural values of the Aboriginal people,
(h)  provision for sustainable use (including adaptive reuse) of any buildings or structures or modified natural areas having regard to the Aboriginal area’s natural and cultural values and the cultural values of the Aboriginal people.
Division 3 National parks and historic sites
31   Care, control and management of parks and sites
(1)  The Chief Executive has the care, control and management of all national parks and historic sites except as provided by subsection (2).
(2)  On the establishment of a board of management for a national park or historic site reserved under Part 4A, the care, control and management of the park or site is vested in the board of management.
32   (Repealed)
33   Reservation of parks and sites
(1)–(3)    (Repealed)
(4)  On the publication in the Gazette of a notice under Division 1 reserving land as a national park or historic site:
(a)  the lands described in the notice become Crown lands to the extent to which they were not Crown lands immediately before that publication,
(b)  where a trustee of all or any part of the lands so described was holding office under any other Act immediately before that publication, the trustee shall cease to hold that office in respect of those lands or that part, as the case may be, and
(c)  the care, control and management of the lands so described shall vest in the Chief Executive.
(5)  On the publication of a notice under Division 1 effecting the reservation, as a particular national park or historic site, of any lands described in the notice (which lands are in this subsection referred to as the described lands):
(a)  any by-laws or rules and regulations that, immediately before that publication, applied to all of the described lands and not to any other lands:
(i)  shall continue to apply to the described lands, and
(ii)  shall be deemed to be regulations made under this Act and may be amended or repealed accordingly, and
(b)  any by-laws or rules and regulations that, immediately before that publication, applied to:
(i)  part only of the described lands, or
(ii)  all of the described lands and also to any other lands,
shall cease to apply to the described lands.
(6)  On the publication of a notice under Division 1 effecting the reservation as part of a particular national park or historic site, of any lands described in the notice (which lands are in this subsection referred to as the described lands):
(a)  any by-laws or rules and regulations that, immediately before that publication, applied to that national park or historic site shall apply to the described lands, and
(b)  any by-laws or rules and regulations that, immediately before that publication, applied to all or any part of the described lands shall cease to apply to the described lands.
(7)    (Repealed)
(8)  To the extent to which a dedication, reservation (other than a reservation under this Division), Crown grant or vesting affects lands described in a notice under Division 1, the publication revokes the dedication, reservation, grant or vesting, and the instruments of title (if any) shall be surrendered for cancellation or notation, as the case may require.
(9)  A notice under Division 1 may relate to:
(a)  one or more national parks or one or more historic sites, or
(b)  one or more national parks and one or more historic sites.
(10)    (Repealed)
34   (Repealed)
35   Tabling of notice of reservation, and disallowance
(1)  In this section, prescribed time, in relation to a House of Parliament, means 14 sitting days of that House, whether or not they occur during the same session.
(2)  A copy of a notice published under Division 1 reserving land as a national park or historic site shall be laid before each House of Parliament within the prescribed time after publication thereof.
(3)  Where a House of Parliament passes a resolution of which notice has been given within 15 sitting days of that House after a copy of a notice has been laid before it under subsection (2) (whether or not those sitting days occur during the same session) and the resolution disallows the reservation effected by the notice of any lands as, or as part of, a particular national park or historic site:
(a)  the reservation thereupon ceases to have effect, and
(b)  those lands cease to be, or to be part of, a national park or historic site.
(4)  Where any lands cease to be, or to be part of, a national park or historic site by virtue of the disallowance of a reservation under this Division:
(a)  the Chief Executive shall cease to have the care, control and management of those lands,
(b)  any by-laws applicable thereto immediately before the disallowance shall cease to apply to those lands, and
(c)  those lands may be dealt with as if they had been acquired under Part 11.
(5)    (Repealed)
36   (Repealed)
37   Revocation or compulsory acquisition of park or site
(1)  Notwithstanding anything in any Act:
(a)  the reservation of lands as, or as part of, a national park or historic site shall not be revoked, or
(b)  lands within a national park or historic site shall not be compulsorily acquired,
except by an Act of Parliament.
(1A)  Nothing in subsection (1) prevents the compulsory acquisition under this Act of lands within a national park or historic site if the reservation of the lands as, or as part of, the national park or historic site is not affected by the compulsory acquisition.
(2)  Nothing in subsection (1) prevents the withdrawal of land from or the termination of any lease, licence or occupancy in accordance with the terms and conditions thereof.
38   Limitation on use of name “national park”
The word “national” shall not be used either alone or in conjunction with other words as the name of a park within New South Wales unless the park is a national park under this Act.
39   Existing interests
(1)  In this section, existing interest means any authority, authorisation, permit, lease, licence or occupancy.
(2)  Except as provided in this Act, the reservation of lands as, or as part of, a national park or historic site does not affect:
(a)  the terms and conditions of any existing interest in respect of those lands from the Crown or the trustees, current and in force at the time of the reservation, or
(b)  the use permitted of those lands under the interest.
(3)  Subject to subsection (4), no such interest shall be renewed nor shall the term of any such interest be extended except with the approval of the Minister and subject to such conditions as the Minister determines.
(4)  The provisions of subsection (3) do not apply to any authority, lease or licence under the Mining Act 1992, the Offshore Minerals Act 1999, the Fisheries Management Act 1994 or the Petroleum (Onshore) Act 1991, or any permit or licence under the Petroleum (Offshore) Act 1982.
(5)  Upon the termination, surrender, forfeiture or determination of any existing interest (otherwise than for the purpose of renewing it or extending its term) referred to in subsection (2), the lands the subject of the interest are, to the extent to which they would not, but for this subsection, be lands reserved as part of the national park or historic site within which they are situated, hereby so reserved.
40   Restrictions on disposal of or dealing with lands within parks or sites
(1)  Notwithstanding anything in the Crown Lands Consolidation Act 1913 or any other Act, no lands within a national park or historic site shall be sold, leased or otherwise dealt with except as provided in this Act or in the Snowy Hydro Corporatisation Act 1997.
(2)  No permit to graze over any part of a travelling stock reserve or camping reserve under the care, control and management of Local Land Services, which reserve is situated within the external boundaries of a national park or historic site, shall be granted except with the concurrence in writing of the Minister.
(3)  A permit referred to in subsection (2) may be granted subject to such conditions as the Minister determines.
41   Mining
(1)  It is unlawful to prospect or mine for minerals in a national park or historic site, except as expressly authorised by an Act of Parliament.
(2)  The Mining Act 1992, the Offshore Minerals Act 1999, the Petroleum (Onshore) Act 1991 and the Petroleum (Offshore) Act 1982 do not apply to or in respect of lands within a national park or historic site.
(3)  This section does not apply to or in respect of existing interests, or the renewal or extension of the term of any such interest, as referred to in section 39.
(4)  The Minister may, subject to such terms and conditions as the Minister may determine from time to time, approve of prospecting for minerals being carried out on behalf of the Government in a national park or historic site by a person nominated by the Minister for Minerals and Energy.
(5)  Such an approval has no force unless, before the approval is granted, notice of intention to grant the approval is laid before both Houses of Parliament and:
(a)  no notice of motion that the approval not be granted is given in either House of Parliament within 15 sitting days of that House after the notice of intention was laid before it, or
(b)  if notice of such a motion is given, the motion is withdrawn, is defeated or lapses.
(6)  A certificate by the Minister to the effect that the requirements of this section have been complied with in respect of an approval specified in the certificate is conclusive evidence of compliance with those requirements.
(7)  Except as provided by this section, nothing in this section affects the right, title or interest of any person in respect of minerals in any lands within a national park or historic site.
42   Application of Forestry Act 2012
(1)  The Forestry Act 2012 does not apply to or in respect of lands within a national park or historic site.
(2)  Notwithstanding anything in subsection (1), all licences and permits under the Forestry Act 2012 affecting lands within a national park or historic site shall, unless sooner cancelled under that Act, continue in force until the expiration of the respective terms for which they were granted, and that Act shall continue to apply to and in respect of those licences and permits until they respectively expire or are cancelled.
43   Application of Soil Conservation Act 1938
The Soil Conservation Act 1938 applies to and in respect of lands within a national park or historic site, but any experimental or research work conducted pursuant to section 6 of that Act upon those lands shall be undertaken only with the concurrence of the Chief Executive and subject to such conditions and restrictions as the Chief Executive may impose.
44   Application of Fisheries Management Act 1994
(1)  Subject to subsection (2), nothing in this Act affects the operation of the Fisheries Management Act 1994 in relation to lands within a national park or historic site.
(2)  A lease under the Fisheries Management Act 1994 shall not, without the concurrence in writing of the Minister, be granted in respect of lands within a national park or historic site or in respect of any waters beneath which those lands are submerged.
45   Provisions respecting animals in parks and sites
(1)  A person shall not:
(a)  harm any animal that is within a national park or historic site, or
(b)  discharge a prohibited weapon in a national park or historic site.
(2)  A person who commits an offence arising under subsection (1) is liable to the penalty prescribed by section 175 for an offence against this Act or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or both.
(3)  A person shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) if the person proves that the act constituting the offence was done:
(a)  under and in accordance with or by virtue of the authority conferred by a general licence under section 120, an occupier’s licence under section 121, a commercial fauna harvester’s licence under section 123 or a scientific licence under section 132C, or
(b)  in pursuance of a duty imposed on the person by or under any Act.
(4)  A person, being a lessee or occupier of any lands within a national park or historic site, or a person authorised by such a lessee or occupier in that behalf, shall not be convicted of an offence arising under subsection (1) in respect of the harming of any animal (other than fauna or an animal of a threatened species) that is within those lands, other than fauna.
(5)  The regulations may make provision for or with respect to exempting, subject to the prescribed conditions and restrictions (if any), any person or class or description of persons from the provisions of subsection (1).
(6)  This section does not prevent:
(a)  an Aboriginal owner on whose behalf the lands of a national park or historic site are held by one or more Aboriginal Land Councils in accordance with Part 4A, or
(b)  any other Aboriginal person who has the consent of the Aboriginal owner board members,
from harming an animal within the park or site for domestic purposes or for ceremonial or cultural purposes (other than an animal of a threatened species or an animal protected by the plan of management for the park or site).
46   Transfer of rights, liabilities and property
(1)  Where upon the taking effect of a notice under Division 1 any persons cease to hold office as trustees of lands reserved as, or as part of, a national park or historic site and the care, control and management of the park or site are vested in the Chief Executive, the following provisions have effect:
(a)  all property and all right and interest therein (in this section referred to as the trust property) and all management and control of anything which immediately before that notice took effect was vested in or belonged to the trustees and was held or used by them for or in connection with the park or site shall vest in and belong to the Chief Executive,
(b)  all money and liquidated and unliquidated claims that, immediately before that notice took effect, were payable to or recoverable by the trustees or their predecessors in relation to the park or site or the trust property or any part thereof shall be money and liquidated and unliquidated claims payable to or recoverable by the Chief Executive,
(c)  all proceedings pending immediately before that notice took effect at the suit of the trustees in relation to the park or site or the trust property or any part thereof shall be deemed to be proceedings pending at the suit of the Chief Executive and all proceedings so pending at the suit of any person against the trustees shall be deemed to be proceedings pending at the suit of that person against the Chief Executive,
(d)  all contracts, agreements, arrangements and undertakings entered into with, and all securities lawfully given to or by, the trustees or their predecessors in relation to the park or site or the trust property or any part thereof, and in force immediately before that notice took effect, shall be deemed to be contracts, agreements, arrangements and undertakings entered into with, and securities given to or by, the Chief Executive,
(e)  the Chief Executive may, in addition to pursuing any other remedies or exercising any other powers that may be available to the Chief Executive, pursue the same remedies for the recovery of money and claims referred to in this subsection and for the prosecution of proceedings so referred to as the trustees or their predecessors might have done had they continued to be trustees of the park or site after that notice took effect,
(f)  the Chief Executive may enforce and realise any security or charge existing immediately before that notice took effect in favour of the trustees in connection with the care, control and management of the park or site, and may exercise any powers thereby conferred on the trustees as if the security or charge were a security or charge in favour of the Chief Executive,
(g)  all debts, money and claims, liquidated and unliquidated, that, immediately before that notice took effect, were due or payable by, or recoverable against, the trustees or their predecessors in connection with the care, control and management of the park or site or the trust property or any part thereof shall be debts due and money payable by, and claims recoverable against, the Chief Executive, and
(h)  all liquidated and unliquidated claims in connection with the care, control and management of the park or site for which the trustees would, but for the notice, have been liable shall be liquidated and unliquidated claims for which the Chief Executive shall be liable.
(2)  Where part only of the lands vested in trustees is, by a notice under Division 1, reserved as, or as part of, a national park or historic site and the care, control and management of the park or site are vested in the Chief Executive, the Chief Executive and the trustees shall, as soon as practicable after publication of that notice, arrange and agree upon a division of the assets, debts and liabilities of the trustees, so that the assets, debts and liabilities appropriate to the park or site and to the lands retained by the trustees may be determined, and if any difference arises between the Chief Executive and the trustees, the difference shall be determined in such manner as the Minister may direct.
(3)    (Repealed)
47   (Repealed)
Division 4 State conservation areas
47A   Definition
In this Division:
prescribed time, in relation to a House of Parliament, means 14 sitting days of that House, whether or not they occur during the same session.
47B   Reservation of state conservation areas
(1)    (Repealed)
(2)  On the publication of a notice under Division 1 reserving land as a state conservation area:
(a)  the land described in the notice becomes Crown land to the extent to which it was not Crown land immediately before that publication, and
(b)  if trustees of all or any of the land so described were holding office under any other Act in respect of the land immediately before that publication, those trustees cease to hold office in respect of that land, and
(c)  the care, control and management of the land so described vests:
(i)  in the Chief Executive, or
(ii)  if a state conservation area trust is established in respect of the land—in the state conservation area trust.
(3)  To the extent to which a dedication, reservation (other than a reservation under Division 1 of land as a state conservation area) or vesting affects land described in a notice published under Division 1 reserving land as a state conservation area, the publication revokes the dedication, reservation or vesting, and the instruments of title (if any) are to be surrendered for cancellation or notation.
(4)  A notice under Division 1 may be made in relation to one or more state conservation areas.
(5)  Schedule 9A (Transfer of assets, rights and liabilities) has effect.
47BA   (Repealed)
47C   Care, control and management of state conservation areas reserved under Part 4A
(1)  Despite section 47B, on the publication of a notice under Part 4A reserving land as a state conservation area, the Chief Executive has the care, control and management of the state conservation area until such time as a board of management is established for the state conservation area.
(2)  On the establishment of a board of management for the state conservation area, the board of management has the care, control and management of the state conservation area.
47D   Tabling of notification of reservation, and disallowance
(1)  A copy of a notice published under Division 1 reserving land as a state conservation area shall be laid before each House of Parliament within the prescribed time after publication thereof.
(2)  Where a House of Parliament passes a resolution of which notice has been given within 15 sitting days of that House after a copy of a notice has been laid before it under subsection (1) (whether or not those sitting days occur during the same session) and the resolution disallows the reservation effected by the notice of any lands as, or as part of, a particular state conservation area:
(a)  the reservation thereupon ceases to have effect, and
(b)  those lands cease to be, or to be part of, a state conservation area.
(3)  If any land ceases to be, or to be part of, a state conservation area by virtue of a disallowance of a reservation under this Division:
(a)  the Chief Executive, or any state conservation area trust appointed as trustee of the land, ceases to have the care, control and management of the land, and
(b)  the land may be dealt with as if it had been acquired by the Minister under Part 11.
(4)    (Repealed)
47E, 47F   (Repealed)
47G   Limitation on use of expression “state conservation area”
The expression “state conservation area” shall not be used either alone or in conjunction with other words as the name of any lands used for the purpose of public recreation and enjoyment unless the lands are within a state conservation area reserved under this Division.
47GA   State conservation area trusts for certain state conservation areas
(1)  The Minister may, by notice published in the Gazette, establish and name a state conservation area trust and appoint it as trustee of any one or more of the following state conservation areas (or as trustee of any one or more parts of one or more of the following state conservation areas):
(a)  Arakoon state conservation area,
(b)  Bents Basin state conservation area,
(c)  Cape Byron state conservation area.
(2)  A state conservation area trust established under this section is constituted by this Act as a corporation having as its corporate name the name assigned to the trust in the notice of its establishment. The Minister may, by notice published in the Gazette, change the corporate name of a state conservation area trust.
(3)  A state conservation area trust:
(a)  has the care, control and management of any state conservation area (or part of a state conservation area) of which it is appointed trustee, and
(b)  has the powers and functions conferred or imposed on it by or under this or any other Act.
(4)  If the Chief Executive had the care, control and management of the state conservation area immediately before the establishment of the state conservation area trust, any thing done or entered into by the Chief Executive in connection with the state conservation area is taken to have been done or entered into by the state conservation area trust.
(5)  If a state conservation area trust is appointed as trustee of more than one state conservation area (or more than one part of a state conservation area), a reference in this Act to the state conservation area (or part of the area) in relation to the state conservation area trust includes a reference to any one or more of the state conservation areas (or any one or more of the parts of the state conservation area) of which the state conservation area trust has been appointed as trustee.
47GB   State conservation area trust boards
(1)  There is to be a trust board established in respect of each state conservation area trust.
(2)  A trust board is to consist of:
(a)  at least 3, but no more than 7, members appointed by the Minister, and
(b)  the holder of any office, or the holders of any offices, that the Minister considers appropriate.
(3)  The affairs of a state conservation area trust are to be managed by the trust board.
(4)  A trust board is subject to the control and direction of the Chief Executive.
(5)  Schedule 10 has effect with respect to the members and procedure of a trust board.
47GC   (Repealed)
47GD   Reports by state conservation area trusts
(1)  A state conservation area trust must:
(a)  provide reports to the Chief Executive at such times, concerning such matters, and specifying such information, as may be required by the Chief Executive, and
(b)  keep such records as may be required by the Chief Executive.
(2)  A state conservation area trust must, at the request of the Chief Executive:
(a)  give the Chief Executive such information as the Chief Executive requires in relation to the operations of the trust, and
(b)  send to the Chief Executive such records kept by the state conservation area trust as the Chief Executive requires (including accounting records).
47GE   Inspection of state conservation area trust
(1)  The Chief Executive may appoint a person to inquire into, or carry out an audit of, any of the affairs of a state conservation area trust.
(2)  The appointed person may, for the purposes of the inquiry or audit:
(a)  inspect and take copies of or extracts from any records (including accounting records) of the trust, and
(b)  require any person concerned in the management of the state conservation area trust to give information and answer questions relating to the affairs of the state conservation area trust.
(3)  The power of the appointed person to inspect the records of a state conservation area trust includes the power to inspect the records of a lessee or licensee which the trust has power to inspect under the lease or licence.
(4)  A person must not:
(a)  without lawful excuse, refuse or fail to allow the appointed person access to records to which the appointed person is entitled, or
(b)  without lawful excuse, refuse or fail to give information or answer questions, as required by the appointed person, or
(c)  wilfully obstruct or delay the appointed person in the exercise of a power under this section.
Maximum penalty: 5 penalty units.
47GF   Removal of trust board members and appointment of administrator
(1)  The Minister may, by notice published in the Gazette:
(a)  remove any or all of the members of a state conservation area trust board from office, or
(b)  remove all the members of a state conservation area trust board from office and appoint a person as the administrator of the state conservation area trust concerned.
(2)  If an administrator is appointed:
(a)  the affairs of the state conservation area trust are to be managed by the administrator, and
(b)  the administrator has and may exercise all the functions of the state conservation area trust.
(3)  Subject to this Act, an administrator holds office for such period as may be specified in the administrator’s instrument of appointment.
(4)  The Minister may remove an administrator from office at any time.
(5)  An administrator is entitled to be paid such remuneration as the Minister may direct. The office of administrator is not, for the purposes of any Act, an office or place of profit under the Crown.
47GG   Dissolution of state conservation area trusts
(1)  The Minister may, by notice published in the Gazette, dissolve a state conservation area trust. A notice takes effect on the date of publication or such later date as is specified in the notice.
(2)  Schedule 9A (Transfer of assets, rights and liabilities) has effect.
47H   Existing interests
(1)  In this section, existing interest means any authority, authorisation, permit, lease, licence or occupancy.
(2)  Except as provided by this Act, the reservation of lands as, or as part of, a state conservation area does not affect:
(a)  the terms and conditions of any existing interest in respect of those lands from the Crown or the trustees, current and in force at the time of the reservation, or
(b)  the use permitted of those lands under the interest.
(3)  Subject to subsection (4), no such interest shall be renewed nor shall the term of any such interest be extended except with the approval of the Minister and subject to such conditions as the Minister determines.
(4)  The provisions of subsection (3) do not apply to any authority, lease or licence under the Mining Act 1992, the Offshore Minerals Act 1999, the Fisheries Management Act 1994 or the Petroleum (Onshore) Act 1991, or to any permit or licence under the Petroleum (Offshore) Act 1982.
(5)  Upon the termination, surrender, forfeiture or determination of any existing interest (otherwise than for the purpose of renewing it or extending its term) referred to in subsection (2), the lands the subject of the interest are, to the extent to which they would not, but for this subsection, be lands reserved as part of the state conservation area within which they are situated, hereby so reserved.
47I   Restrictions on dealing with land in state conservation areas
(1)  Despite anything in this or any other Act, land within a state conservation area is not to be dealt with except as provided under this Act.
(2)  Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), land within a state conservation area is not to be dedic