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State Environmental Planning Policy (Exempt and Complying Development Codes) 2008

[2008-572]


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Current version for 8 February 2019 to date (accessed 21 April 2019 at 16:37)
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File last modified 25 February 2019.

State Environmental Planning Policy (Exempt and Complying Development Codes) 2008

[2008-572]


Contents

State Environmental Planning Policy (Exempt and Complying Development Codes) 2008

Part 1 General
Division 1 Preliminary
1.2   Commencement
This Policy commences on 27 February 2009.
1.3   Aims of Policy
This Policy aims to provide streamlined assessment processes for development that complies with specified development standards by:
(a)  providing exempt and complying development codes that have State-wide application, and
(b)  identifying, in the exempt development codes, types of development that are of minimal environmental impact that may be carried out without the need for development consent, and
(c)  identifying, in the complying development codes, types of complying development that may be carried out in accordance with a complying development certificate as defined in the Act, and
(d)  enabling the progressive extension of the types of development in this Policy, and
(e)  providing transitional arrangements for the introduction of the State-wide codes, including the amendment of other environmental planning instruments.
1.4   Land to which Policy applies
(1)  This Policy applies to the State, except as provided by this clause.
(2)  This Policy does not apply to land:
(c)  that is less than 18 kilometres from the Siding Spring Observatory, except as provided by clause 1.16A.
(3), (4)    (Repealed)
1.4A   Development to which Policy does not apply
This Policy does not apply to development to which Part 3 of State Environmental Planning Policy (Affordable Rental Housing) 2009 applies.
1.5   Interpretation—general
(1)  In this Policy:
Acid Sulfate Soils Map means a map in an environmental planning instrument that identifies land containing acid sulfate soil.
Advertising and Signage Exempt Development Code means the code for exempt development set out in Division 2 of Part 2.
alternative solution has the same meaning as in the Building Code of Australia.
Note.
 
The term is defined as follows:
alternative solution means a building solution which complies with the performance requirements other than by reason of satisfying the deemed-to-satisfy provisions (where each of those terms is also defined in that document).
ancillary development, in Parts 1, 2, 3A and 4, means any of the following that are not exempt development under this Policy:
(a)  access ramp,
(b)  awning, blind or canopy,
(c)  balcony, deck, patio, pergola, terrace or verandah that is attached to a dwelling house,
(d)  basement,
(e)  carport that is attached to a dwelling house,
(f)  detached studio,
(g)  driveway, hard stand space, pathway or paving,
(h)  fence or screen,
(i)  garage that is attached to a dwelling house,
(j)  outbuilding,
(k)  rainwater tank that is attached to a dwelling house,
(l)  retaining wall,
(m)  swimming pool or spa pool and child-resistant barrier.
ancillary development, in Parts 5 and 5A, means any of the following that are not exempt development under this Policy:
(a)  access ramp,
(b)  awning, blind or canopy,
(c)  carport,
(d)  driveway, hard stand space, pathway or paving,
(e)  earthworks, retaining wall and structural support,
(f)  fence or screen,
(g)  garbage bin store enclosure,
(h)  landscaping,
(i)  loading dock,
(j)  pergola,
(k)  rainwater tank (above ground),
(l)  rainwater tank (below ground),
(m)  roller shutter door,
(n)  shed,
(o)  storage enclosure.
ANEF contour, for an airport, means a noise exposure contour shown as an ANEF contour on any Noise Exposure Forecast Contour Map for that airport prepared by the Department of the Commonwealth responsible for airports.
articulation zone means an area of a lot forward of the building line within which building elements are permitted to be located, being an area measured from:
(a)  one side boundary of the lot to the opposite side boundary of the lot, or
(b)  if the lot is a corner lot—the secondary road boundary of the lot to the boundary opposite the secondary road boundary.
attached, in relation to a building or structure that is complying development, means not more than 900mm from another building or structure.
attached development means any of the following, if it is situated not more than 900mm from a building that is residential accommodation to which it relates and is not exempt development for the purposes of this Policy:
(a)  access ramp,
(b)  awning, blind or canopy,
(c)  balcony, deck, patio, pergola, terrace or verandah,
(d)  basement,
(e)  cabana, cubby house, fernery, garden shed, gazebo or greenhouse,
(f)  carport,
(g)  driveway,
(h)  garage or hard stand space,
(i)  pathway or paving,
(j)  rainwater tank,
(k)  retaining wall,
(l)  shed.
automatic light fitting means a light fitting that is activated by a sensor and switches off automatically after a period of time.
battle-axe lot means a lot that has access to a road by an access laneway.
boundary wall means a wall that has a setback of 150mm or less from the side or rear boundary of a lot.
building element has the meaning set out in the code in which it is used.
building line means the line of the existing or proposed external wall of a building (other than any ancillary development, attached development or detached development) closest to the property boundary adjacent to:
(a)  the primary road of the lot, or
(b)  in the case of a battle-axe lot, the rear boundary of the dwelling house on the lot in front of the battle-axe lot, or
(c)  any other stated boundary of the lot.
bush fire attack level-40 (BAL-40) has the same meaning as it has in AS 3959—2009, Construction of buildings in bushfire-prone areas.
carport means a roofed structure for the shelter of motor vehicles that has 2 or more sides open and not less than one-third of its perimeter open.
class, in relation to a building or part of a building, has the same meaning as in the Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000.
collection point has the same meaning as in Part 5 of the Waste Avoidance and Resource Recovery Act 2001.
Commercial and Industrial Alterations Code means the code for complying development set out in Part 5.
Commercial and Industrial (New Buildings and Additions) Code means the code for complying development set out in Part 5A.
common wall means a wall shared between 2 properties.
community consultation means:
(a)  consultation with the community under clause 4 of Schedule 1 to the Act, or
(b)  public exhibition under section 66 of the Act, as in force on 30 June 2009.
community event means a function or event open to the public or a section of the public that is a ceremony, cultural celebration, exhibition, fete, fair, gathering, market or sporting event.
complying development code means any of the following codes:
(a)  the Housing Code,
(b)  the Rural Housing Code,
(b1)  Low Rise Medium Density Housing Code,
(b2)  the Greenfield Housing Code,
(c)  the Housing Alterations Code,
(d)  the General Development Code,
(e)  the Commercial and Industrial Alterations Code,
(e1)  the Commercial and Industrial (New Buildings and Additions) Code,
(e2)  the Container Recycling Facilities Code,
(f)  the Subdivisions Code,
(g)  the Demolition Code,
(h)  the Fire Safety Code,
(i)  the Inland Code.
container deposit scheme means the container deposit scheme established by Part 5 of the Waste Avoidance and Resource Recovery Act 2001.
Container Recycling Facilities Code means the code for complying development set out in Part 5B.
container recycling facility—see clause 5B.1.
corner lot means a lot that has 2 contiguous boundaries with a road or roads (other than a lane) that intersect at an angle of 135 degrees or less (whether or not the lot has any other boundaries with a road).
council means the council of a local government area and, in relation to a particular development, means the council of the local government area in which the development will be carried out.
Demolition Code means the code for complying development set out in Part 7.
detached, in relation to a building or structure that is complying development, means more than 900mm from another building or structure.
detached development means any of the following, if it is situated more than 900mm from a building that is residential accommodation to which it relates and is not exempt development under this Policy:
(a)  access ramp,
(b)  awning, blind or canopy,
(c)  deck, patio, pergola, terrace or verandah,
(d)  cabana, cubby house, fernery, garden shed, gazebo or greenhouse,
(e)  carport,
(f)  detached studio,
(g)  driveway, hard stand space,
(h)  garage or hard stand space,
(i)  pathway or paving,
(j)  rainwater tank (above ground),
(k)  retaining wall,
(l)  screen,
(m)  shade structure,
(n)  shed,
and any fence, swimming pool or spa pool and child-resistant barrier that is not exempt development under this Policy.
detached studio means a habitable building that is used for purposes ancillary to a dwelling house such as a home office, entertainment area, art studio or guest room and:
(a)  is established in conjunction with a dwelling house, and
(b)  is on the same lot of land as the dwelling house, and
(c)  is separate from the dwelling house, and
(d)  is not used as a separate dwelling house, and
(e)  does not contain any cooking facilities.
development consent includes an approval under Part 3A of the Act (before its repeal), and an approval under Division 5.2 of the Act.
dilapidation report means a report, prepared by a professional engineer, confirming the structural condition of the adjoining wall before any development commences.
draft heritage conservation area means an area of land identified as a heritage conservation area or place of Aboriginal heritage significance in a local environmental plan that has been subject to community consultation, other than an area that was consulted on before 1 March 2006, but has not been included in a plan before 27 February 2009.
draft heritage item means a building, work, archeological site, tree, place or aboriginal object identified as a heritage item in a local environmental plan that has been subject to community consultation, other than an item that was consulted on before 1 March 2006, but has not been included in a plan before 27 February 2009.
dwelling house means a building containing one dwelling, an attached dwelling or a semi-detached dwelling, but does not include any part of the building that is ancillary development, attached development, detached development or exempt development under this Policy.
environmentally sensitive area means any of the following:
(a)  the coastal waters of the State,
(b)  a coastal lake identified in Schedule 1 to State Environmental Planning Policy (Coastal Management) 2018,
(c)  land identified as “coastal wetlands” or “littoral rainforest” on the Coastal Wetlands and Littoral Rainforests Area Map (within the meaning of State Environmental Planning Policy (Coastal Management) 2018),
(d)  land reserved as an aquatic reserve under the Fisheries Management Act 1994 or as a marine park under the Marine Parks Act 1997,
(e)  land within a wetland of international significance declared under the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands or within a World heritage area declared under the World Heritage Convention,
(f)  land within 100m of land to which paragraph (c), (d) or (e) applies,
(g)  land identified in this or any other environmental planning instrument as being of high Aboriginal cultural significance or high biodiversity significance,
(h)  land reserved under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974 or land to which Part 11 of that Act applies,
(i)  land reserved or dedicated under the Crown Lands Act 1989 for the preservation of flora, fauna, geological formations or for other environmental protection purposes,
(j)  land identified as being critical habitat under the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 or Part 7A of the Fisheries Management Act 1994.
exempt development code means any of the following codes:
(a)  the General Exempt Development Code,
(b)  the Advertising and Signage Exempt Development Code,
(c)  the Temporary Uses and Structures Exempt Development Code.
external combustible cladding has the same meaning as in the Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000.
Fire Safety Code means the code for complying development set out in Part 8.
fire sprinkler system means a system designed to automatically control the growth and spread of fire that may include components such as sprinklers, valves, pipework, pumps, boosters and water supplies.
flame zone (BAL-FZ) has the same meaning as it has in AS 3959—2009, Construction of buildings in bushfire-prone areas.
flood control lot means a lot to which flood related development controls apply in respect of development for the purposes of industrial buildings, commercial premises, dwelling houses, dual occupancies, multi dwelling housing or residential flat buildings (other than development for the purposes of group homes or seniors housing).
Note.
 This information is a prescribed matter for the purpose of a certificate under section 10.7 (2) of the Act.
floor area, for a balcony, deck, patio, pergola, terrace or verandah referred to in Part 3, 3A, 3B, 3C or 4, means the area of the balcony, deck, patio, pergola, terrace or verandah, measured at the floor level, within the outer face of:
(a)  the external walls if the balcony, deck, patio, pergola, terrace or verandah is enclosed, or
(b)  the balustrade or other safety barrier if the balcony, deck, patio, pergola, terrace or verandah, is not enclosed.
floor area, for a dwelling house referred to in Part 3, 3A, 3C or 4, means the sum of the areas of each storey of the dwelling house and any carport, garage, balcony, deck, patio, pergola, terrace or verandah, measured at a height of 1.4m above each floor level, that is within the outer face of:
(a)  the external walls of the dwelling house, and
(b)  the walls of the carport, garage, balcony, deck, patio, pergola, terrace or verandah,
but does not include any of the following:
(c)  any part of an awning, blind or canopy that is outside the outer wall of a building,
(d)  the eaves,
(e)  a lift shaft,
(f)  a stairway,
(g)  a void above a lower storey.
floor area, for an outbuilding referred to in Part 3, 3A, 3C, 3D or 4, means the sum of the areas of each storey of the outbuilding, measured at a height of 1.4m above each floor level, within the outer face of:
(a)  the external walls of the outbuilding if it is enclosed, or
(b)  the supporting columns or posts of the outbuilding if it is not enclosed,
but does not include any of the following:
(c)  any part of an awning, blind or canopy that is outside the outer wall of a building,
(d)  the eaves,
(e)  a stairway.
foreshore area means the land between a foreshore building line and the mean high water mark of an adjacent waterbody (natural).
foreshore building line means the foreshore building line identified by:
(a)  a development control plan adopted before 12 December 2008, or
(b)  an environmental planning instrument.
General Development Code means the code for complying development set out in Part 4A.
General Exempt Development Code means the code for exempt development set out in Division 1 of Part 2.
grain bunker means a lined area in which grain is stored under a non-structural cover.
Greenfield Housing Code means the code for complying development set out in Part 3C.
Greenfield Housing Code Area means the area identified as the Greenfield Housing Code Area by the Greenfield Housing Code Area Map.
Greenfield Housing Code Area Map means the State Environmental Planning Policy (Exempt and Complying Development Codes) 2008 Greenfield Housing Code Area Map.
Note.
 The Greenfield Housing Code Area Map adopted by this Policy is to be made available on the NSW legislation website.
gross floor area has the same meaning as it has in the Standard Instrument. However, in Part 3, 3B, 3C or 3D it means the sum of the floor area of each floor of a building measured from the internal face of external walls, or from the internal face of walls separating the building from any other building, measured at a height of 1.4m above the floor, and includes habitable rooms in a basement or an attic, but excludes the following:
(a)  any storage area, vehicular access area, loading area, garbage area or services located in a basement,
(b)  1 car parking space per dwelling (including access to the parking space),
(c)  any terrace or balcony with outer walls less than 1.4m high,
(d)  voids above a floor at the level of a storey or storey above,
(e)  any common area intended to be used by occupants of the building to access dwellings on higher or lower storeys of the building such as a stairwell or lift shaft.
habitable room has the same meaning as in the Building Code of Australia.
Note.
 The term is defined as a room used for normal domestic activities, other than a bathroom, laundry, toilet, pantry, walk in wardrobe, hallway, lobby, clothes drying room or other space of a specialised nature that is not occupied frequently or for extended periods.
hard stand space means an area of concrete, paving or other hard material at ground level designed solely for parking a motor vehicle.
heritage conservation area means an area of land identified as a heritage conservation area or a place of Aboriginal heritage significance, including any heritage items situated on or within that area, in an environmental planning instrument.
heritage item means a building, work, archaeological site, tree, place or Aboriginal object identified as a heritage item in an environmental planning instrument.
horizontal plane, in relation to a light fitting, means the horizontal plane passing through the centre of the light source (for example the bulb) of the light fitting.
Housing Alterations Code means the code for complying development set out in Part 4.
Housing Code means the code for complying development set out in Part 3.
industry has the same meaning as in the Standard Instrument but includes packaging industry.
Inland Code means the code for complying development set out in Part 3D.
landholding includes one or more lots of land (whether held under the same title, different titles or different kinds of titles) that constitute or are worked as a single property and that are contiguous with one another or are separated from one another only by a road, river, creek or other watercourse.
lane means a public road, with a width greater than 3m but less than 7m, that is used primarily for access to the rear of premises, and includes a nightsoil lane.
Low Rise Medium Density Housing Code means the code for complying development set out in Part 3B.
manor house means a residential flat building containing 3 or 4 dwellings, where:
(a)  each dwelling is attached to another dwelling by a common wall or floor, and
(b)  at least 1 dwelling is partially or wholly located above another dwelling, and
(c)  the building contains no more than 2 storeys (excluding any basement).
manual collection point—see clause 5B.1.
Medium Density Design Guide means the Medium Density Design Guide published by the Department of Planning and Environment on the day on which State Environmental Planning Policy (Exempt and Complying Development Codes) Amendment (Low Rise Medium Density Housing) 2017 commences.
Note.
 A copy of the Guide is available on the website of the Department.
multi dwelling housing (terraces) means multi dwelling housing where all dwellings are attached and face, and are generally aligned along, 1 or more public roads.
off peak time means any time other than peak time.
outbuilding means any of the following class 10a buildings under the Building Code of Australia:
(a)  balcony, deck, patio, pergola, terrace or verandah that is detached from a dwelling house,
(b)  cabana, cubby house, fernery, garden shed, gazebo or greenhouse,
(c)  carport that is detached from a dwelling house,
(d)  farm building,
(e)  garage that is detached from a dwelling house,
(f)  rainwater tank (above ground) that is detached from a dwelling house,
(g)  shade structure that is detached from a dwelling house,
(h)  shed.
outside light fitting means a light fitting that is attached or fixed outside, including on the exterior of, a building.
packaging industry means a building or place used for the handling, storage or packaging of any products for commercial purposes.
parallel road means, in the case of a lot that has boundaries with parallel roads, the road that is not the primary road.
parallel road lot means a lot that has boundaries with 2 parallel roads, not including a lane.
peak time means:
(a)  the time between 8:00 am and 10:00 pm on any Saturday, Sunday or public holiday, or
(b)  the time between 7:00 am and 10:00 pm on any other day.
Premises Standards means the Disability (Access to Premises—Buildings) Standards 2010 made under section 31 of the Disability Discrimination Act 1992 of the Commonwealth.
primary road means the road to which the front of a dwelling house, or a main building, on a lot faces or is proposed to face, and includes any road that intersects with that road at an angle of more than 135 degrees and with which the dwelling house or main building has contiguous boundaries.
principal private open space means an area outside a dwelling that is directly accessible from, and adjacent to, a habitable room in the dwelling, other than a bedroom.
privacy screen means:
(a)  a structure that provides a screen or visual barrier between a window of a habitable room or an outdoor area on a lot and an adjoining lot that:
(i)  has no individual opening more than 30mm wide, and
(ii)  has a total area of all openings that is no more than 30% of the surface area of the screen or barrier, or
(b)  a window, the whole of which has translucent glass and is fixed and not able to be opened.
professional engineer has the same meaning as in the Building Code of Australia.
Note.
 The term is defined as a person who is:
(a)  if legislation is applicable—a registered professional engineer in the relevant discipline who has appropriate experience and competence in the relevant field, or
(b)  if legislation is not applicable:
(i)  a Corporate Member of the Institution of Engineers, Australia, or
(ii)  eligible to become a Corporate Member of the Institution of Engineers, Australia, and has appropriate experience and competence in the relevant field.
protected tree means a tree that requires a separate permit or development consent for pruning or removal, but does not include a tree that may be removed without development consent under this Policy.
residential zone means Zone R1, R2, R3, R4 or R5.
reverse vending machine has the same meaning as in Part 5 of the Waste Avoidance and Resource Recovery Act 2001.
Rural Housing Code means the code for complying development set out in Part 3A.
rural zone means Zone RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4, RU5 or RU6.
secondary road means, in the case of a corner lot that has boundaries with adjacent roads, the road that is not the primary road.
setback means the horizontal distance between the relevant boundary of the lot and the building line.
setback area means the area between the building line and the relevant boundary of the lot.
shielded light fitting means a light fitting that does not permit light to shine above the horizontal plane.
Siding Spring Observatory has the same meaning as in clause 5.14 of the Standard Instrument.
site coverage means the proportion of a site area covered by buildings.
Standard Instrument means the standard local environmental planning instrument prescribed by the Standard Instrument (Local Environmental Plans) Order 2006.
standard lot means a lot that is not a battle-axe lot, a corner lot or a parallel road lot.
Subdivisions Code means the code for complying development set out in Part 6.
Temporary Uses and Structures Exempt Development Code means the code for exempt development set out in Division 3 of Part 2.
water utility means:
(a)  a council or county council exercising water supply functions under Division 2 of Part 3 of Chapter 6 of the Local Government Act 1993, or
(b)  a water supply authority or major utility within the meaning of the Water Management Act 2000.
working day means a day other than a Saturday, Sunday or public holiday.
Note.
 The Act and the Interpretation Act 1987 contain definitions and other provisions that affect the interpretation and application of this Policy.
(2)  A word or expression used in this Policy has the same meaning as it has in the Standard Instrument unless it is otherwise defined in this Policy.
(3)  A reference in this Policy to any type of residential accommodation has the same meaning as it has in the Standard Instrument (unless it is otherwise defined in this Policy), but does not include any part of the building that is ancillary development, attached development, detached development or exempt development under this Policy.
(3)  For the purposes of calculating site coverage of development, the following are not to be included in determining the area covered by buildings:
(a)  an access ramp,
(b)  any part of an awning, blind or canopy that is outside the outer wall of a building,
(c)  a balcony, deck, patio, pergola, terrace or verandah attached to a dwelling house that is not enclosed by a wall higher than 1.4m above the floor level,
(d)  the eaves of a building,
(e)  a driveway,
(f)  a farm building,
(g)  a fence or screen,
(h)  a pathway or paving,
(i)  a rainwater tank that is attached to a dwelling house,
(j)  a swimming pool or spa pool.
(4)  A reference in this Policy to a type of building or other thing is a reference to development for the purposes of that type of building or other thing.
(5)  Notes and diagrams included in this Policy do not form part of this Policy.
1.6   Interpretation—references to land use zones
(1)  A reference in this Policy to a lot or to land in a named land use zone is a reference:
(a)  to land that, under an environmental planning instrument made as provided by section 3.20 (2) of the Act, is in a land use zone specified in the Standard Instrument, and
(b)  to land that, under an environmental planning instrument that is not made as provided by section 3.20 (2) of the Act, is in a land use zone in which equivalent land uses are permitted to those permitted in the named land use zone.
(1A)  Land identified as “Deferred matter” on the Land Application Map within the meaning of Warringah Local Environmental Plan 2011 is, for the purposes of this Policy, taken to be in Zone E3 Environmental Management.
(1B)  Despite subclause (1) (b), in relation to land:
(a)  to which an environmental planning instrument that is not made as provided by section 3.20 (2) of the Act applies, and
(b)  to which a draft environmental planning instrument that complies with that section and has been the subject of community consultation also applies,
a reference in this Policy to a lot or land in a named land use zone is a reference to a lot or land specified in such a zone in the last such draft environmental planning instrument that was the subject of such community consultation.
(1C)  In subclause (1B), community consultation means community consultation under clause 4 of Schedule 1 to the Act or public exhibition under section 66 of the Act (as continued on by clause 12 of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000).
(2)  In this clause:
equivalent land uses, in relation to land in a named land use zone, means uses equivalent to the permitted land uses shown opposite that named land use zone in the table to this clause.
(3)  If the Director-General, by order published in the Gazette, determines that a land use zone in a specified environmental planning instrument that is not made as provided by section 3.20 (2) of the Act is a land use zone in which equivalent land uses are permitted to those permitted in a named land use zone, that certification is conclusive for the purposes of this clause.
Named land use zone
Permitted land uses
RU1 Primary Production
Primary production, including agriculture and a diverse range of primary industry enterprises
RU2 Rural Landscape
Compatible rural land uses, including extensive agriculture
RU3 Forestry
Forestry land uses and other development compatible with forestry land uses
RU4 Rural Small Holdings
Compatible rural land uses, including extensive agriculture on small rural lots
RU5 Village
Dwelling houses, business and retail premises and associated uses and facilities in a rural village setting
RU6 Transition
Housing and other land uses that provide a transition between rural land uses and other land uses of varying intensities or environmental sensitivities
R1 General Residential
Residential accommodation of various types and densities and associated services and facilities
R2 Low Density Residential
Generally low density dwellings with associated services and facilities
R3 Medium Density Residential
Mix of medium density dwellings with associated services and facilities
R4 High Density Residential
High density dwellings including residential flat buildings with associated services and facilities
R5 Large Lot Residential
Dwelling houses on large residential lots in a rural setting
B1 Neighbourhood Centre
Small scale business and retail premises, community facilities and shop top housing in a neighbourhood centre
B2 Local Centre
Business and retail premises, entertainment and community facilities and shop top housing in a local centre
B3 Commercial Core
Large scale business, office and retail premises and community and entertainment facilities in a major centre
B4 Mixed Use
A variety of business, office and retail premises, community and entertainment facilities and associated uses
B5 Business Development
Large floor area business uses, including warehouse or distribution centres, and specialised retail premises in areas that are close to, and support the viability of, centres
B6 Enterprise Corridor
Business premises, office premises, retail premises and light industries, warehouse or distribution centres and associated facilities along a main road, residential uses only as part of a mixed use development
B7 Business Park
Office premises and light industries, that encourage employment opportunities, together with associated facilities and services
B8 Metropolitan Centre
Large scale business, office and retail premises, public administration buildings, community and entertainment facilities, education establishments, health services and tourism accommodation
IN1 General Industrial
Depots, freight transport facilities, industries, neighbourhood shops and warehouse or distribution centres in a general industrial setting
IN2 Light Industrial
Depots, light industries, neighbourhood shops and warehouse or distribution centres in a light industrial setting
IN3 Heavy Industrial
Depots, freight transport facilities and heavy industries, including hazardous and offensive industries and storage establishments in a heavy industrial setting
IN4 Working Waterfront
Waterfront industrial and maritime activities, including boat launching ramps, boat repair facilities, jetties and light industries
SP1 Special Activities
Special land uses and development ancillary to those uses that is appropriate for the special character of the area
SP2 Infrastructure
Infrastructure development and other uses ancillary to that purpose
SP3 Tourist
Tourist-orientated development and related uses
RE1 Public Recreation
Public recreational uses and open space appropriate for the natural environment
RE2 Private Recreation
Private recreational uses, open space and ancillary facilities appropriate for the natural environment
E1 National Parks and Nature Reserves
Authorised uses in national parks and nature reserves
E2 Environmental Conservation
Development that is suitable in areas of high ecological, scientific, cultural or aesthetic value that will not threaten or have an adverse effect on those values
E3 Environmental Management
Development, including low density housing, that is suitable in areas of high ecological, scientific, cultural or aesthetic value and that will not threaten or have an adverse effect on those values
E4 Environmental Living
Low-impact residential housing that is suitable for areas with special ecological, scientific or aesthetic values
W1 Natural Waterways
Development that is appropriate for the ecological and scenic value of natural waterways
W2 Recreational Waterways
Recreational development that is appropriate for the ecological, scenic and recreational value of recreational waterways
W3 Working Waterways
Maritime industrial development and associated facilities that are appropriate on working waterways
1.7   Maps
(1)  A reference in this Policy to a named map adopted by this Policy is a reference to a map by that name:
(a)  approved by the Minister when the map is adopted, and
(b)  as amended or replaced from time to time by maps declared by environmental planning instruments to amend or replace that map, and approved by the Minister when the instruments are made.
(2)  Any 2 or more named maps may be combined into a single map. In that case, a reference in this Policy to any such named map is a reference to the relevant part or aspect of the single map.
(3)  Any such maps are to be kept and made available for public access in accordance with arrangements approved by the Minister.
(4)  For the purposes of this Policy, a map may be in, and may be kept and made available in, electronic or paper form, or both.
(5)  This clause does not apply to an Acid Sulfate Soils Map.
1.8   Relationship with other State environmental planning policies
Note
 This clause is subject to section 3.28 (4) of the Act.
(1)  If this Policy and any other State environmental planning policy, whether made before or after the commencement of this Policy, specify the same development, as either exempt development or complying development, the other Policy does not apply to that development, except as provided by subclauses (2)–(4).
(2)  Despite subclause (1), in each of the following circumstances, State Environmental Planning Policy (Infrastructure) 2007 continues to apply and this Policy does not apply:
(a)  if this Policy and State Environmental Planning Policy (Infrastructure) 2007 specify the same development as complying development,
(b)  if this Policy and State Environmental Planning Policy (Infrastructure) 2007 specify the same development as exempt development,
(c)  if this Policy specifies development as exempt development and State Environmental Planning Policy (Infrastructure) 2007 specifies the same development as complying development,
(d)  if this Policy specifies development as complying development and State Environmental Planning Policy (Infrastructure) 2007 specifies the same development as exempt development.
(3)  If this Policy and State Environmental Planning Policy (Mining, Petroleum Production and Extractive Industries) 2007 specify the same development as either exempt or complying development, this Policy does not apply to that development.
(4)  If this Policy and State Environmental Planning Policy (Affordable Rental Housing) 2009 specify the same development as either exempt or complying development, that Policy prevails to the extent of any inconsistency.
(4A)    (Repealed)
(5)  If this Policy and State Environmental Planning Policy (Port Botany and Port Kembla) 2013 specify the same development as either exempt or complying development, this Policy does not apply to that development.
(6)  If another State environmental planning policy specifies exempt development or complying development that is not the same as development specified as either exempt development or complying development in this Policy, this Policy does not affect the operation of that other Policy.
(7)  If a provision of this clause provides for another State environmental planning policy to continue to apply to development, that development may be carried out under this Policy or under that other Policy.
Note.
 The Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000 specifies that a person must refer to the environmental planning instrument under which the development is complying development in an application for a complying development certificate.
1.9   Relationship with local environmental plans and development control plans
(1) Exempt or complying development under this Policy and standard plans A standard plan does not apply to development that is specified in the plan as exempt development or complying development and that is specified in this Policy as exempt development or complying development.
(2) Exempt development under this Policy and non-standard plans If this Policy and a non-standard plan specify the same development as exempt development, the non-standard plan does not apply to that development.
(3) Subclause (1) does not apply in relation to land in Bathurst Regional Despite subclause (1), if this Policy and Bathurst Regional Local Environmental Plan 2014 specify the same development as exempt development or complying development, that Plan continues to apply to that development.
(4) Complying development under this Policy and non-standard plans If this Policy and a non-standard plan specify the same development as complying development, the non-standard plan continues to apply to that development.
(5) Subclause (4) not to apply in relation to land in Kiama or Wyong Despite subclause (4), if this Policy and a non-standard plan that applies to land in the local government area of Kiama or Wyong specify the same development as complying development, that plan does not apply to that development.
(6) Complying development under this Policy and exempt development under non-standard plan If this Policy specifies development as complying development and a non-standard plan specifies the same development as exempt development, the non-standard plan does not apply to that development.
(6A)    (Repealed)
(7) Exempt development under this Policy and complying development under non-standard plan If this Policy specifies development as exempt development and a non-standard plan specifies the same development as complying development, the non-standard plan continues to apply to that development.
(8) Subclause (7) not to apply in relation to land in Kiama and Wyong Despite subclause (7), if this Policy specifies development as exempt development and a non-standard plan that applies to land in the local government area of Kiama or Wyong specifies the same development as complying development, that plan does not apply to that development.
(9) Additional exempt and complying development under standard and non-standard plans If a standard plan or non-standard plan specifies exempt development or complying development that is not the same as development specified as either exempt development or complying development in this Policy, this Policy does not affect the operation of that plan in relation to that development.
(10)  If a provision of this clause provides for a plan to continue to apply to development, that development may be carried out under this Policy or under the plan.
Note.
 The Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000 specifies that a person must refer to the environmental planning instrument under which the development is complying development in an application for a complying development certificate.
(11)  In this clause:
non-standard plan means a local environmental plan (whether made before or after the commencement of this Policy) that has not been made as provided by section 3.20 (2) of the Act and a deemed environmental planning instrument and includes a development control plan adopted for the purposes of the plan or instrument.
standard plan means a local environmental plan (whether made before or after the commencement of this Policy) that has been made as provided by section 3.20 (2) of the Act and includes a development control plan adopted for the purposes of the plan.
1.10   Same development
(1)  For the purposes of this Policy, 2 or more instruments are taken to specify the same development if they specify that development for the same purpose may be carried out on the same land, even though there may be some differences in the specifications or development standards for that development.
Note.
 For example, “deck” is a development, even if the size of the deck or its location varies in different local environmental plans or development control plans.
(2)  The Director-General may certify in writing, for the purpose of this Policy, that 2 or more instruments do, or do not, specify the same development and any such certificate has effect according to its tenor.
(3)  Notice of any certification by the Director-General under subclause (2) must be published in the Gazette.
1.11   (Repealed)
1.12   Variations to certain codes
(1)  The exempt development codes are varied, in relation to the land described or otherwise identified on a map specified in Column 1 of the Table to Schedule 2, in the manner described opposite that land in Column 2.
(2)  The complying development codes are varied, in relation to the land described or otherwise identified on a map specified in Column 1 of the Table to Schedule 3, in the manner described opposite that land in Column 2.
(3)  If the exempt development codes or the complying development codes are varied because of the application of subclause (1) or (2) in relation to land, any provision of an existing local environmental plan or development control plan that would have applied to that land, but for clause 1.9, does not apply to that land.
1.13   Savings provisions
(1)  A development application or an application for a complying development certificate that has been made but not finally determined before the commencement of this Policy, or an amendment to this Policy, must be determined as if this Policy or the amendment had not commenced.
(2)  A development application or an application for a complying development certificate that has been made but not finally determined before the commencement of State Environmental Planning Policy (Exempt and Complying Development Codes) Amendment (Commercial and Industrial Development and Other Matters) 2013 must be determined as if that Policy had not commenced.
(3)  Development that was commenced before the commencement of State Environmental Planning Policy (Exempt and Complying Development Codes) Amendment (Commercial and Industrial Development and Other Matters) 2013 and that was, immediately before that commencement, exempt development in accordance with an environmental planning instrument that was amended by that Policy may be continued as if that Policy had not commenced.
1.14   Review of Policy
The Minister must ensure that the provisions of this Policy are reviewed at least every 5 years after its commencement.
Division 2 Exempt and complying development
1.15   What development is exempt development?
(1)  Development that is specified in an exempt development code that meets the standards specified for that development and that complies with the requirements of this Division for exempt development is exempt development for the purposes of this Policy.
(2)  For the purposes of subclause (1), development that is specified includes any specified limitations as to the land on which that development may be carried out.
Note.
 Under section 4.1 of the Act, exempt development may be carried out without the need for development consent under Part 4 of the Act or for assessment under Part 5 of the Act.
The section states that exempt development:
(a)  must be of minimal environmental impact, and
(b)  cannot be carried out in critical habitat of an endangered species, population or ecological community (identified under the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 or the Fisheries Management Act 1994), and
(c)  cannot be carried out in a wilderness area (identified under the Wilderness Act 1987).
1.16   General requirements for exempt development
(1)  To be exempt development for the purposes of this Policy, the development:
(a)  must meet the relevant deemed-to-satisfy provisions of the Building Code of Australia, or if there are no such relevant provisions, must be structurally adequate, and
(b)  must not, if it relates to an existing building, cause the building to contravene the Building Code of Australia, and
(b1)  must not be carried out on land that is a declared area of outstanding biodiversity value under the Biodiversity Conservation Act 2016 or declared critical habitat under Part 7A of the Fisheries Management Act 1994, and
(b2)  must not be carried out on land that is, or is part of, a wilderness area (within the meaning of Wilderness Act 1987), and
(c)  must not be carried out on land that is, or on which there is, an item that is listed on the State Heritage Register under the Heritage Act 1977, or that is subject to an interim heritage order under that Act, and
(d)  must not be carried out on land that is described or otherwise identified on a map specified in Schedule 4.
(1A)  Despite subclause (1) (c), if development meets the requirements and standards specified by this Policy and that development:
(a)  has been granted an exemption under section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977, or
(b)  is subject to an exemption under section 57 (1A) or (3) of that Act,
the development is exempt development under this Policy.
(1B)  If an item listed on the State Heritage Register is not located on, or does not comprise, the whole of the relevant land, subclause (1) (c) applies only to the part of the land that is described and mapped on that register.
(1C)  If an item not listed on the State Heritage Register but identified as an item of environmental heritage in an environmental planning instrument does not comprise, or is not located on, the whole of the relevant land, any restriction on carrying out development on the relevant land on which the item is located applies only to the part of the land that is described and mapped on that instrument.
(2)  Development that relates to an existing building that is classified under the Building Code of Australia as class 1b or class 2–9 is exempt development for the purposes of this Policy only if:
(a)  the building has a current fire safety certificate or fire safety statement, or
(b)  no fire safety measures are currently implemented, required or proposed for the building.
(3)  To be exempt development for the purposes of this Policy, the development must:
(a)  be installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s specifications, if applicable, and
(b)  not involve the removal or pruning of a tree or other vegetation that requires a permit or development consent for removal or pruning, unless that removal or pruning is undertaken in accordance with a permit or development consent.
Note.
 A permit for the removal or pruning of a tree or other vegetation may be granted under a local environmental plan. A development consent for the removal of native vegetation may be granted under the Native Vegetation Act 2003.
(4)    (Repealed)
1.16A   Exempt development on land within 18 kilometres of Siding Spring Observatory
Clauses 1.15 and 1.16 and Part 2 apply to development on land that is less than 18 kilometres from the Siding Spring Observatory, but only if:
(a)  the development does not have, and will not require, any form of lighting, and
(b)  the development is not development that is specified in any of the following provisions of Division 1 of Part 2:
(i)  Subdivision 6 Balconies, decks, patios, pergolas, terraces and verandahs,
(ii)  Subdivision 10 Carports,
(iii)  Subdivision 10A Change of use of premises,
(iv)  Subdivision 10B Change of use of places of public worship,
(v)  Subdivision 16 Farm buildings (other than stock holding yards, grain silos and grain bunkers),
(v1)  Subdivision 16A Stock holding yards not used for sale of stock,
(v2)  Subdivision 16B Grain silos and grain bunkers,
(vi)  Subdivision 24 Landscaping structures,
(vii)  Subdivision 27 Minor building alterations (external),
(viii)  Subdivision 27A Mobile food and drink outlets,
(ix)  Subdivision 37 Skylights, roof windows and ventilators.
1.17   What development is complying development?
(1)  Development that is specified in a complying development code that meets the standards specified for that development and that complies with the requirements of this Division for complying development is complying development for the purposes of this Policy.
Note.
 Development referred to in clause 2A.1 is also complying development for the purposes of this Policy.
(2)  For the purposes of subclause (1), development that is specified includes any specified limitations as to the land on which that development may be carried out.
1.17A   Requirements for complying development for all environmental planning instruments
(1)  To be complying development for the purposes of any environmental planning instrument, the development must not:
(a)  be development for which development consent cannot be granted except with the concurrence of a person other than:
(i)  the consent authority, or
(ii)  the Director-General of the Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water as referred to in section 4.13 (3) of the Act, or
(b)  be on land that is critical habitat, or
(c)  be on land that is, or is part of, a wilderness area (within the meaning of the Wilderness Act 1987), or
(d)  be carried out on land that:
(i)  comprises an item that is listed on the State Heritage Register under the Heritage Act 1977 or on which such an item is located, or
(ii)  is subject to an interim heritage order under that Act or on which is located an item that is so subject, or
(iii)  is identified as an item of environmental heritage or a heritage item by an environmental planning instrument or on which is located an item that is so identified, or
(e)  except as otherwise provided by this Policy, be on land that is within an environmentally sensitive area.
(2)  Despite subclause (1) (d), if development meets the requirements and standards specified by this Policy and that development:
(a)  has been granted an exemption under section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977, or
(b)  is subject to an exemption under section 57 (1A) or (3) of that Act,
the development is complying development under this Policy.
(3)  If an item listed on the State Heritage Register is not located on, or does not comprise, the whole of the relevant land, subclause (1) (d) applies only to the part of the land that is described and mapped on that register.
(4)  If an item not listed on the State Heritage Register but identified as an item of environmental heritage in an environmental planning instrument does not comprise, or is not located on, the whole of the relevant land, subclause (1) (d) applies only to the part of the land that is described and mapped on that instrument.
1.18   General requirements for complying development under this Policy
(1)  To be complying development for the purposes of this Policy, the development must:
(a)  not be exempt development under this Policy, and
(b)  be permissible, with consent, under an environmental planning instrument applying to the land on which the development is carried out, and
(c)  meet the relevant provisions of the Building Code of Australia, and
(c1)  must not require an environment protection licence within the meaning of the Protection of the Environment Operations Act 1997, and
(c2)  must not be designated development, and
Note.
 Designated development is defined in section 4.10 of the Act as development that is declared to be designated development by an environmental planning instrument or the regulations.
(c3)  not be carried out on land that comprises, or on which there is, a draft heritage item, and
(d)  before the complying development certificate is issued, have an approval, if required by the Local Government Act 1993, for:
(i)  an on-site effluent disposal system if the development is undertaken on unsewered land, and
(ii)  an on-site stormwater drainage system, and
(e)  before the complying development certificate is issued, have written consent from the relevant roads authority (if required under section 138 of the Roads Act 1993) for the building of any kerb, crossover or driveway, and
Note.
 Other consents may be required under section 138 of the Roads Act 1993 before carrying out other works in relation to roads.
(f)  if it is the alteration or erection of improvements on land in a mine subsidence district within the meaning of the Mine Subsidence Compensation Act 1961, have the prior approval of the Mine Subsidence Board, and
Note.
 Information about mine subsidence is information that is a prescribed matter for the purpose of a planning certificate under section 10.7 (2) of the Act, but the information is not included in a certificate issued under clause 279 (2) of Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000.
(g)  not be the construction or installation of a skylight or roof window on land in the local government area of Coonamble, Gilgandra, Warrumbungle Shire or that part of the local government area of Dubbo Regional that was formerly in the City of Dubbo, and
(h)  if it involves the removal or pruning of a tree or other vegetation that requires a permit or development consent to which clause 3.33, 3A.7 or 5A.3 does not apply—before the complying development certificate is issued, have a permit or development consent for that removal or pruning.
Note.
 A permit for the removal or pruning of a tree or other vegetation may be granted under a local environmental plan. A development consent for the removal of native vegetation may be granted under the Native Vegetation Act 2003. Paragraph (h) may not apply to certain trees or vegetation near complying development under this Policy (see clauses 3.33, 3A.7 and 5A.3).
(2)  The erection of a new dwelling house or an addition to a dwelling house on land in the 20-25 ANEF contours is complying development for this Policy, if the development is constructed in accordance with AS 2021—2000, Acoustics—Aircraft noise intrusion—Building siting and construction.
(3)  A complying development certificate for complying development under this Policy is subject to the conditions specified in this Policy in respect of that development.
Note.
 Clause 136A of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000 requires a complying development certificate to be issued subject to the conditions specified in that clause.
1.19   Land on which complying development may not be carried out
(1) Specific land exemptions for Housing Code, Inland Code, Low Rise Medium Density Housing Code, Rural Housing Code and Greenfield Housing Code To be complying development specified for the Housing Code, the Inland Code, the Low Rise Medium Density Housing Code, the Rural Housing Code or the Greenfield Housing Code, the development must not be carried out on:
(a)  land within a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area, unless the development is a detached outbuilding, detached development (other than a detached studio) or swimming pool, or
(b)  land that is reserved for a public purpose by an environmental planning instrument, or
(c)  land identified on an Acid Sulfate Soils Map as being Class 1 or Class 2, or
(d)  land that is subject to a biobanking agreement under Part 7A of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 or a property vegetation plan approved under the Native Vegetation Act 2003, or
(d1)  land that is subject to a private land conservation agreement under the Biodiversity Conservation Act 2016 or that is a set aside area under section 60ZC of the Local Land Services Act 2013, or
(e)  land identified by an environmental planning instrument as being:
(i)  within a buffer area, or
(ii)  within a river front area, or
(iii)  within an ecologically sensitive area, or
(iv)  environmentally sensitive land, or
(v)  within a protected area, or
(f)  land that is identified by an environmental planning instrument, a development control plan or a policy adopted by the council as being or affected by:
(i)  a coastline hazard, or
(ii)  a coastal hazard, or
(iii)  a coastal erosion hazard, or
(g)  land in a foreshore area, or
(h)  land that is in the 25 ANEF contour or a higher ANEF contour, unless the development is only for:
(i)  the erection of ancillary development, attached development or detached development, or
(ii)  the alteration of, or an addition to, ancillary development, attached development or detached development, or
(i)  land that is declared to be a special area under the Water NSW Act 2014, or
(j)  unsewered land:
(i)  to which State Environmental Planning Policy (Sydney Drinking Water Catchment) 2011 applies, if that development will result in an increase to the number of bedrooms on the site or a site disturbance area of more than 250m2, or
(ii)  in any other drinking water catchment identified in any other environmental planning instrument.
(2)  Development specified in the Housing Code, Inland Code or the Low Rise Medium Density Housing Code is not complying development under that code if it is carried out on land described or otherwise identified on a map specified in Schedule 5.
(3)  Subclause (2) ceases to have effect:
(a)  on 30 November 2018 in relation to land in the local government area of Lake Macquarie and identified on State Environmental Planning Policy (Exempt and Complying Development Codes) 2008 Lake Macquarie Complying Development Land Map (SEPP_ECD_4650_LCD_002_20130730) specified in Schedule 5, and
(b)  on 30 November 2021 in relation to land in the local government area of Mosman and identified on any map specified in Schedule 5.
(3A)  Development specified in the Low Rise Medium Density Housing Code is not complying development under that code if it is carried out on land on which there is a heritage item or a draft heritage item.
(4) Specific land exemptions for Housing Alterations Code and General Development Code To be complying development specified for the Housing Alterations Code or the General Development Code, the development must not be carried out on unsewered land:
(a)  to which State Environmental Planning Policy (Sydney Drinking Water Catchment) 2011 applies, if that development will result in an increase to the number of bedrooms on the site or in a site disturbance area of more than 250m2, or
(b)  in any other drinking water catchment identified in any other environmental planning instrument.
(5) Specific land exemptions for Commercial and Industrial (New Buildings and Additions) Code To be complying development specified for the Commercial and Industrial (New Buildings and Additions) Code, the development must not be carried out on:
(a)  land within a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area, or
(b)  land that is reserved for a public purpose in an environmental planning instrument, or
(c)  land identified on an Acid Sulfate Soils Map as being Class 1 or Class 2, or
(d)  land that is significantly contaminated land within the meaning of the Contaminated Land Management Act 1997, or
(d1)  land that is subject to a private land conservation agreement under the Biodiversity Conservation Act 2016 or that is a set aside area under section 60ZC of the Local Land Services Act 2013, or
(e)  land that is subject to a biobanking agreement under Part 7A of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 or a property vegetation plan approved under the Native Vegetation Act 2003, or
(f)  land identified by an environmental planning instrument as being:
(i)  within a buffer area, or
(ii)  within a river front area, or
(iii)  within an ecologically sensitive area, or
(iv)  environmentally sensitive land, or
(v)  within a protected area, or
(g)  land that is identified by an environmental planning instrument, a development control plan or a policy adopted by the council as being or affected by:
(i)  a coastline hazard, or
(ii)  a coastal hazard, or
(iii)  a coastal erosion hazard, or
(h)  land in a foreshore area, or
(i)  unsewered land:
(ii)  in any other drinking water catchment identified in any other environmental planning instrument.
(6) Specific land exemptions may apply only to part of a lot Nothing in this clause prevents complying development being carried out on part of a lot that is not land referred to in this clause even if other parts of the lot are such land.
(7) Savings and transitional provision The amendment made to subclause (1) by State Environmental Planning Policy (Exempt and Complying Development Codes) Amendment (Inland Code) 2019 applies to applications for complying development certificates made, but not finally determined, on or after 1 January 2019.
1.20   Suspension of covenants, agreements and instruments
(1)  For the purpose of enabling development on land in any zone to be carried out in accordance with this Policy, or with a consent granted under the Act, any agreement, covenant or other similar instrument that restricts the carrying out of that development does not apply to the extent necessary to serve that purpose.
(2)  This clause does not apply:
(a)  to a covenant imposed by a council, or that a council requires to be imposed, requiring compliance with a development standard that is:
(i)  consistent with the development standards specified for the development concerned under this Policy, or
(ii)  not dealt with by the development standards specified for the development concerned under this Policy, or
(b)  to a covenant that is specifically required by another environmental planning instrument, or
(c)  to a covenant imposed by an owner or former owner of the land concerned, other than a covenant that has been required by a council to be imposed, or
(d)  to any prescribed instrument within the meaning of section 183A of the Crown Lands Act 1989, or
(e)  to any conservation agreement within the meaning of the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974, or
(f)  to any Trust agreement within the meaning of the Nature Conservation Trust Act 2001, or
(g)  to any property vegetation plan approved under the Native Vegetation Act 2003, or
(h)  to any biobanking agreement within the meaning of Part 7A of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995, or
(i)  to any planning agreement within the meaning of Division 7.1 of the Act.
(3)  This clause does not affect the rights or interests of any public authority under any registered instrument.
(4)  Under section 28 of the Act, the Governor, before the making of this clause, approved of subclauses (1)–(3).
Part 2 Exempt Development Codes
Note 1.
 Schedule 2 contains the variations to this code.
Note 2.
 A person may carry out development specified in this code without obtaining development consent from a consent authority if the person complies with the development standards that apply to the development (which includes the deemed-to-satisfy provisions of the Building Code of Australia).
In addition to the requirements specified for development under this code, adjoining owners’ property rights, the applicable common law and other legislative requirements for approvals, licences, permits and authorities still apply. For example, requirements relevant to development in this code may be contained in the Act, the Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000, various State environmental planning policies, the Protection of the Environment Operations Act 1997, the Roads Act 1993, the Swimming Pools Act 1992 and Acts applying to various infrastructure authorities. If the development is in proximity to infrastructure, including water, stormwater and sewer mains, electricity power lines and telecommunications facilities, the relevant infrastructure authority should be contacted before commencing the development.
Division 1 General Exempt Development Code
Subdivision 1 Access ramps
2.1   Specified development
The construction or installation of an access ramp is development specified for this code.
2.2   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  be not more than 1m above ground level (existing), and
(b)  be located at least 450mm from each side boundary and the rear boundary, and
(c)  not interfere with the functioning of existing drainage fixtures or the natural surface flow of water, and
(d)  if it is located on bush fire prone land and is less than 5m from a dwelling—be constructed of non-combustible material, and
(e)  if it is constructed or installed on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item or in a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area—be located in the rear yard.
Note.
 See AS 1428.1—2009, Design for access and mobility—General requirements for access—New building work and the Disability (Access to Premises—Buildings) Standards 2010 under the Disability Discrimination Act 1992 of the Commonwealth which specifies the design requirements for new building work to provide access for people with disabilities.
Subdivision 2 Aerials, antennae and communication dishes
2.3   Specified development
The construction or installation of an aerial, antenna or a satellite communications dish (including any supporting mast) is development specified for this code if the construction or installation does not comprise fire alarm communication link works within the meaning of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000.
2.4   Development standards
(1)  The standards specified for that development are that:
(a)  if the development is attached to an existing building, either by being mounted on the roof or attached to an external wall of a building:
(i)  the development must not have a diameter of more than 900mm if the development is installed in connection with the use of a dwelling on the lot, and
(ii)  the development must not have a diameter of more than 1.8m if installed for any other purpose, and
(iii)  the development must not be higher than 1.8m above the highest point of the roof of the building, and
(iv)  if the development is constructed or installed on a heritage item or draft heritage item—the development must only be attached to the rear wall and roof plane of the existing building and must not be higher than the highest point of the roof of the building, and
(b)  if the development is located at ground level (existing), the development:
(i)  must not have a diameter of more than 1.8m, and
(ii)  must not be higher than 1.8m above ground level (existing), and
(iii)  must be located at least 900mm from each lot boundary, and
(iv)  must be located at the rear of the lot if it is not on land within Zone RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4, RU6 or R5, and
(v)  must resist loads in accordance with AS/NZS 1170.0:2002 Structural design actions, Part 0: General Principles and AS/NZS 1170.2:2011 Structural design actions, Part 2: Wind actions, and
(vi)  must be anchored by a concrete slab or footing designed in accordance with AS 3600—2009 Concrete structures, and
(c)  if the development is a mast or attached to a mast, the mast:
(i)  must not have a diameter of more than 100mm, if a solid mast or 500mm if constructed as an open lattice frame, and
(ii)  must not be higher than 10m above ground level (existing) inclusive of the mast and any attachments, and
(iii)  must be located at least 5m from each lot boundary, if the mast is over 5m in height, and 2m from each lot boundary, if the mast is 5m or less in height, and
(iv)  must not be constructed or installed on or in a heritage item or draft heritage item, and
(v)  must be located at the rear of the lot if it is not on land within Zone RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4, RU6 or R5, and
(vi)  must resist loads in accordance with AS/NZS 1170.0:2002 Structural design actions, Part 0: General Principles and AS/NZS 1170.2:2011 Structural design actions, Part 2: Wind actions, and
(vii)  must be anchored by a concrete slab or footing designed in accordance with AS 3600—2009 Concrete structures.
(2)  For subclause (1), there must be:
(a)  no more than 3 developments per lot, and
(b)  not more than 1 mast or antenna located at ground level (existing) on the lot.
(3)  Despite subclause (2), development in connection with the use of dwellings in a residential flat building on the lot may comprise 1 (but not more than 1) dish, aerial or antenna per dwelling.
Note.
 There are other existing legislative requirements relating to the clearance of power lines and Obstacle Limitation Surfaces near airport flight paths.
Subdivision 3 Air-conditioning units
2.5   Specified development
The construction or installation of an air-conditioning unit is development specified for this code.
Note.
 For evaporative cooling units see clause 2.30A.
2.6   Development standards
(1)  The standards specified for that development, if for residential uses only, are that the development must:
(a)  not be located on the wall or roof of a building that faces the primary road, or forward of the building line to the primary road, and
(b)  be located at least 450mm from each lot boundary, and
(c)  subject to paragraph (g), be attached to the external wall of a building or ground mounted, and
(d)  be not higher than 1.8m above ground level (existing), and
(e)  not involve work that reduces the structural integrity of the building, and
(f)  not reduce the existing fire resistance level of a wall, and
(f1)  be designed so as not to operate:
(i)  during peak time—at a noise level that exceeds 5 dB(A) above the ambient background noise level measured at any property boundary, or
(ii)  during off peak time—at a noise level that is audible in habitable rooms of adjoining residences, and
(g)  if it is constructed or installed on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item—be ground mounted, and
(h)  if it is constructed or installed on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item or in a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area—be installed at or behind the rear building line.
(1A)  The standards specified for that development, if for purposes other than residential uses only, are that the development must:
(a)  not be located on the wall or roof of a building that faces the primary road, or forward of the building line to the primary road, and
(b)  not be built into any external wall unless the development is more than 3m from each side and rear boundary and 6m from any other building on the lot, and
(c)  not involve work that reduces the structural integrity of the building, and
(d)  not reduce the existing fire resistance level of a wall or roof, and
(d1)  be designed so as not to operate:
(i)  during peak time—at a noise level that is more than 5 dB(A) above the ambient background noise level measured at any property boundary, or
(ii)  during off peak time—at a noise level that is audible in habitable rooms of adjoining residences, and
(e)  if it is constructed or installed on or in a heritage item or draft heritage item—not be wall mounted, and
(f)  if it is constructed or installed in a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area—be located behind the building line of any road frontage.
(2)  Any opening created by the construction or installation of the development must be adequately waterproofed.
Note.
 For further information about noise control see the Noise Guide for Local Government (ISBN 978 1 74232 942 0) published by the Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water NSW in October 2010.
Subdivision 3A Animal shelters
2.6A   Specified development
The construction or installation of an animal shelter is development specified for this code if it is not constructed or installed on land in a foreshore area.
2.6B   Development standards
(1)  The standards specified for that development, when it is not a stable for the keeping of horses in Zone RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4 or RU6, are that the development must:
(a)  be associated with a residential use, and
(b)  not have a floor area of more than 10m2, and
(c)  be not higher than 1.8m above ground level (existing), and
(d)  if it is not on land in Zone RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4 or RU6—be located behind the building line of any road frontage, and
(e)  be located at least 450mm from each side and rear boundary, and
(f)  if roofed—be constructed or installed so that roofwater is disposed of into an existing stormwater drainage system, and
(g)  to the extent it is comprised of metal components—be constructed of low reflective, factory pre-coloured materials and have an impervious floor, and
(h)  if it is located on bush fire prone land and is less than 5m from a dwelling—be constructed of non-combustible material, and
(i)  if it is constructed or installed on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item, or in a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area—be located in the rear yard.
(2)  There must not be more than 2 developments per lot for development referred to in subclause (1).
(3)  The standards specified for that development when it is a stable for the keeping of horses in Zone RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4 or RU6 are that the development must:
(a)  be associated with a residential use, and
(b)  not have a floor area of more than 50m2, and
(c)  be not higher than 3m above ground level (existing), and
(d)  be located at least 20m from any road boundary and 5m from every other lot boundary, and
(e)  be located at least 30m from any dwelling on an adjoining lot, and
(f)  if roofed—be constructed or installed so that roof water is disposed of on site, without causing a nuisance to adjoining owners, and
(g)  if it is in Zone RU4 and to the extent it is comprised of metal components—be constructed of low reflective, factory pre-coloured materials, and
(h)  have an impervious floor, and
(i)  if it is located on bush fire prone land and is less than 5m from a dwelling—be constructed of non-combustible material.
(4)  There must not be more than 1 development per lot for development referred to in subclause (3).
Subdivision 3B Automatic teller machines
2.6C   Specified development
The construction or installation of an automatic teller machine is development specified for this code.
2.6D   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that:
(a)  the development:
(i)  must be located inside, and only be accessible from within, existing commercial premises, or
(ii)  must be located inside existing commercial premises within an external wall that is at least 2m from a road and not installed or constructed on or in a heritage item or draft heritage item or in a heritage conservation area or draft heritage conservation area, and
(b)  the development must be installed in accordance with AS 3769—1990 Automatic teller machines—User access.
Subdivision 4 Aviaries
2.7   Specified development
The construction or installation of an aviary is development specified for this code if it is not constructed or installed on land in a foreshore area.
2.8   Development standards
(1)  The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  be for residential uses only, and
(b)  not have a floor area of more than:
(i)  in a rural zone—30m2, or
(ii)  in any other zone—10m2, and
(c)  be not higher than:
(i)  in a rural zone—3m above ground level (existing), or
(ii)  in any other zone—2.4m above ground level (existing), and
(d)  be located:
(i)  in a rural zone—at least 20m from the road boundary and 5m from each other lot boundary, or
(ii)  in any other zone—in the rear yard and at least 900mm from each side and rear boundary, and
(e)    (Repealed)
(f)  have an impervious floor, and
(g)  be constructed or installed so that roofwater is disposed of without causing a nuisance to adjoining owners, and
(g1)  if it is located in a residential zone and to the extent it is comprised of metal components—be constructed of low reflective, factory pre-coloured materials, and
(h)  if it is located on bush fire prone land and is less than 5m from a dwelling—be constructed of non-combustible material.
(2)  There must not be more than 2 developments per lot.
Note.
 For fowl and poultry houses see clause 2.41.
Subdivision 5 Awnings, blinds and canopies
2.9   Specified development
The construction or installation of any of the following structures over a window or door opening is development specified for this code if the structure is not constructed or installed on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item:
(a)  an awning or canopy associated with a residential use,
(b)  a blind (including a storm blind, security blind or sun blind) or similar structure for any purpose.
Note.
 See separate entry for shade structures.
2.10   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  not have an area more than 10m2, and
(b)  not project beyond the external wall of the building by more than 2m, and
(b1)  be at least 450mm from each side and rear boundary when fully extended, and
(c)  if it is connected to a fascia—be connected in accordance with a professional engineer’s specifications, and
(d)  if it is located on bush fire prone land—be constructed of non-combustible material, and
(d1)  if it is constructed or installed on or in a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area—be located in the rear yard, and
(e)  not be used for advertising.
Subdivision 6 Balconies, decks, patios, pergolas, terraces and verandahs
2.11   Specified development
The construction or installation of a balcony, deck, patio, pergola, terrace or verandah (whether free standing or attached to the ground floor level of a building, or roofed or unroofed) is development specified for this code if it is not constructed or installed on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item or on land in a foreshore area.
2.12   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)    (Repealed)
(b)  have an area of not more than 25m2, and
(c)  not cause the total floor area of all such structures on the lot to be more than:
(i)  for a lot larger than 300m2—15% of the ground floor area of the dwelling on the lot, or
(ii)  for a lot 300m2 or less—25m2, and
(d)  not have an enclosing wall higher than 1.4m, and
(e)  be located behind the building line of any road frontage, and
(f)  be located at a distance from each lot boundary of at least:
(i)  for development carried out in Zone RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4, RU6 or R5—5m, or
(ii)  for development carried out in any other zone—900mm, and
(g)    (Repealed)
(h)  to the extent it is comprised of metal components—be constructed of low reflective, factory pre-coloured materials, and
(i)  have a floor height not more than 1m above ground level (existing), and
(j)  if it is a roofed structure attached to a dwelling—not extend above the roof gutter line of the dwelling, and
(j1)  be no higher than 3m at its highest point above ground level (existing), and
(k)  if it is connected to a fascia—be connected in accordance with a professional engineer’s specifications, and
(l)  be constructed or installed so that any roofwater is disposed of into an existing stormwater drainage system, and
(m)  not interfere with the functioning of existing drainage fixtures or flow paths, and
(n)  if it is located on bush fire prone land and is less than 5m from a dwelling—be constructed of non-combustible material, and
(o)  if it is constructed or installed in a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area—be located behind the building line of any road frontage.
Subdivision 7 Barbecues and other outdoor cooking structures
2.13   Specified development
The construction or installation of a barbecue or other outdoor cooking structure is development specified for this code.
2.14   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  not have an area of more than 4m2, and
(b)  be not higher than 1.8m above ground level (existing), and
(c)  if it is not on land in Zone RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4 or RU6—be located behind the building line of any road frontage, and
(d)  be located at least 450mm from each lot boundary, and
(e)  not be used for commercial purposes.
Subdivision 8
2.15, 2.16  (Repealed)
Subdivision 8A Bollards
2.16A   Specified development
The construction or installation of a bollard is development specified for this code.
2.16B   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  be not higher than 1.4m above ground level (existing), and
(b)  not have a diameter of more than 600mm, and
(c)  be associated with any of the following development:
(i)    (Repealed)
(ii)  commercial premises,
(iii)  premises used for light industry,
(iv)  warehouse or distribution centre, and
(d)  not reduce any existing means of entry to, or exit from, any such associated development or the lot on which it is situated.
Subdivision 9 Cabanas, cubby houses, ferneries, garden sheds, gazebos and greenhouses
2.17   Specified development
The construction or installation of a cabana, cubby house, fernery, garden shed, gazebo or greenhouse is development specified for this code if it is not constructed or installed on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item, on land in a foreshore area or in an environmentally sensitive area.
2.18   Development standards
(1)  The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)    (Repealed)
(b)  not have a floor area of more than:
(i)  on land in Zone RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4, RU6 or R5—50m2, or
(ii)  on land in any other zone—20m2, and
(c)  be not higher than 3m above ground level (existing), and
(d)  be located at a distance from each lot boundary of at least:
(i)  for development carried out in Zone RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4, RU6 or R5—5m, or
(ii)  for development carried out in any other zone—900mm, and
(e)  if it is not on land in Zone RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4 or RU6—be located behind the building line of any road frontage, and
(f)  not be a shipping container, and
(g)  be constructed or installed so that roofwater is disposed of without causing a nuisance to adjoining owners, and
(h)  to the extent it is comprised of metal components—be constructed of low reflective, factory pre-coloured materials if it is located on land in a residential zone, and
(i)  if it is located on bush fire prone land and is less than 5m from a dwelling—be constructed of non-combustible material, and
(j)  if it is constructed or installed in a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area—be located in the rear yard, and
(k)  if it is located adjacent to another building—be located so that it does not interfere with the entry to, or exit from, or the fire safety measures contained within, that building, and
(l)  be a Class 10 building and not be habitable, and
(m)  be located at least 1m from any registered easement.
(2)  There must not be more than 2 developments per lot.
Subdivision 10 Carports
2.19   Specified development
The construction or installation of a carport is development specified for this code if it is not constructed or installed on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item or on land in a foreshore area.
2.20   Development standards
(1)  The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  not result in a building classified under the Building Code of Australia as class 7a, and
(b)  not have a floor area more than:
(i)  for a lot larger than 300m2 in a rural zone or Zone R5—50m2, or
(ii)  for a lot larger than 300m2 in a zone other than a rural zone or Zone R5—25m2, or
(iii)  for a lot 300m2 or less in any zone—20m2, and
(c)  be not higher than 3m above ground level (existing) or, if attached to an existing single storey dwelling, be not higher than the roof gutter line, and
(d)  be located at least 1m behind the building line of any road frontage, and
(e)  be located at a distance from each lot boundary of at least:
(i)  for development carried out in Zone RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4, RU6 or R5—5m, or
(ii)  for development carried out in any other zone—900mm, and
(f)    (Repealed)
(g)  to the extent it is comprised of metal components—be constructed of low reflective, factory pre-coloured materials, and
(h)  not involve the construction of a new driveway or gutter crossing unless the consent of the relevant road authority for each opening of a public road required for the development has been obtained under the Roads Act 1993, and
(i)  be constructed or installed so that any roofwater is disposed of into the existing stormwater drainage system, and
(j)  if it is connected to a fascia—be connected in accordance with a professional engineer’s specifications, and
(k)    (Repealed)
(l)  if it is located on bush fire prone land and is less than 5m from a dwelling—be constructed of non-combustible material, and
(m)  if it is constructed or installed in a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area—be located in the rear yard, and
(n)  be located so that it does not reduce vehicular access to, or parking or loading or unloading on, or from, the lot.
Note.
 See the definition of carport in clause 1.5 (1) that sets out additional requirements for carports.
(2)  The roof of the development must be located at least 500mm from each lot boundary.
(3)  There must not be more than 1 development:
(a)  per lot if there is a dwelling on the lot, or
(b)  per lot or per each separate occupation of premises on the lot, whichever is the greater, in any other case.
Subdivision 10A Change of use of premises
2.20A   Specified development
A change of use from a current use specified in a category in Column 1 of the Table to this clause to a use specified in the corresponding category in Column 2 of the Table to this clause is development specified for this code.
Table
Column 1 Current use
Column 2 New use
Category 1
Category 1
business premises
business premises
office premises
office premises
shop
shop
 
kiosk
public administration building
public administration building
Category 2
Category 2
landscaping material supplies
landscaping material supplies
hardware and building supplies
hardware and building supplies
garden centre
garden centre
plant nursery
plant nursery
rural supplies
rural supplies
timber yard
timber yard
vehicle sales or hire premises
 
Category 3
Category 3
general industry
light industry (other than artisan food and drink industry)
light industry (other than artisan food and drink industry)
packaging industry
packaging industry
warehouse or distribution centre (other than local distribution premises)
warehouse or distribution centre (other than local distribution premises)
wholesale supplies
wholesale supplies
self-storage premises
2.20B   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that:
(a)  the current use must be a lawful use, and
(b)  the current use must not be an existing use within the meaning of section 4.65 of the Act, and
(c)  the new use must be permissible with consent under an environmental planning instrument applying to the land on which the development is carried out, and
(d)  the new use must not result in a change of building classification under the Building Code of Australia, unless the change of use is from a class 5 building to a class 6 building, or from a class 6 building to a class 5 building, and the building meets all the relevant provisions of that code for the new use, and
(e)  the new use must not be carried out at premises that are a manufactured home, moveable dwelling or associated structure, temporary structure, tent, swimming pool, ship or vessel, and
(f)  the new use must not be any of the following:
(i)  food and drink premises,
(ii)  a funeral chapel,
(iii)  a funeral home,
(iv)  retail premises where firearms within the meaning of the Firearms Act 1996 are sold,
(v)  landscaping material supplies,
(vi)  a market,
(vii)  premises that are a beauty salon or hair dressing salon,
(viii)  premises where a skin penetration procedure within the meaning of section 51 of the Public Health Act 1991 is carried out,
(ix)  restricted premises,
(x)  a roadside stall,
(xi)  sex services premises,
(xii)  vehicle sales or hire premises, and
(g)  the new use must not involve building alterations, other than alterations that are exempt development under this Policy, and
(h)  the new use must not result in an increase in the gross floor area of any building within which it is carried out, and
(i)  the new use must not cause the contravention of any existing condition of the most recent development consent (other than a complying development certificate) that applies to the premises relating to hours of operation, noise, car parking, vehicular movement, traffic generation, loading, waste management and landscaping, and
(j)  if there is no such existing condition applying to the premises relating to the hours of operation, the premises must only operate between 7.00 am and 7.00 pm on any day.
Note.
 Certain types of uses are subject to a maximum floor area to be permissible development in a particular zone under the relevant environmental planning instrument. In those cases, the maximum floor area requirement for that use must be complied with for a change of use to be exempt development.
Subdivision 10B Change of use of places of public worship
2.20C   Specified development
A change from a current use to a new use that is a change from a place of public worship to another place of public worship is development specified for this code.
2.20D   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that:
(a)  the current use must be a lawful use, and
(b)  the current use must not be an existing use within the meaning of section 4.65 of the Act, and
(c)  the new use must not cause the contravention of any existing condition of the most recent development consent (other than a complying development certificate) that applies to the premises relating to hours of operation, noise, car parking, vehicular movement, traffic generation, loading, waste management and landscaping, and
(d)  the new use must not increase or create significant adverse environmental impacts by reason of noise, waste products or traffic generation.
Subdivision 10C Charity bins and recycling bins
2.20E   Specified development
The construction or installation of a charity bin or recycling bin is development specified for this code.
2.20F   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  be associated with commercial premises or a place of public worship, and
(b)  if located on the same lot as the commercial premises or place of public worship—be wholly located within the lot and not located on a road or road reserve, and
(c)  not result in more than 3 such bins on one lot, and
(d)  be located behind the building line of any road frontage, and
(e)  be operated by a person or organisation that is the holder of an authority under the Charitable Fundraising Act 1991, and
(f)  not display any advertising other than details of the person or organisation that operates it, and
(g)  not cause the contravention of any existing condition of the most recent development consent (other than a complying development certificate) that applies to the premises relating to car parking, loading, vehicular movement, waste management and landscaping.
Subdivision 11 Clothes hoists and clothes lines
2.21   Specified development
The construction or installation of a clothes hoist or clothes line is development specified for this code if it is not constructed or installed on land in a foreshore area.
2.22   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  be located behind the building line of any road frontage, and
(b)  if it is constructed or installed on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item or in a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area—be located in the rear yard.
Subdivision 12 Container recycling equipment
2.23   Specified development
(1)  The following development is specified for this code:
(a)  the erection on land of a reverse vending machine or a container collection cage,
(b)  the erection or operation of a mobile reverse vending machine.
(2)  The development is not development specified for this code if it is carried out on land in a residential or rural zone, unless:
(a)  the land is lawfully used for the purposes of a community facility, an educational establishment or any other building or place used for the physical, social, cultural or intellectual development or welfare of the community, or
(b)  the development is carried out in connection with a commercial, community or retail event or a private function.
(3)  In this Subdivision:
container collection cage means a cage, or other structure, that is designed to store containers deposited at collection points.
container recycling equipment means:
(a)  a reverse vending machine, or
(b)  a mobile reverse vending machine, or
(c)  a container collection cage.
erection or operation of a mobile reverse vending machine means:
(a)  the erection on land of a mobile structure that is fitted with a reverse vending machine, or
(b)  the operation of a reverse vending machine on land from a vehicle.
mobile reverse vending machine means a vehicle, or mobile structure, that is fitted with a reverse vending machine.
Noise Policy means the document entitled NSW Industrial Noise Policy published by the Environment Protection Authority and in force as at the commencement of this Subdivision.
2.23A   Development in car parks
The following development is specified for this code:
(a)  the erection on land that may lawfully be used for the purposes of a car park of a reverse vending machine, a container collection cage or a mobile structure that is fitted with a reverse vending machine,
(b)  the operation of a reverse vending machine from a vehicle on land that may lawfully be used for the purposes of a car park.
2.24   Development standards
(1)  The standards specified for development specified in clause 2.23 or 2.23A are that:
(a)  the container recycling equipment must not restrict any vehicular or pedestrian access to or from, or entry to any building on, the land on which the equipment is located, and
(b)  the container recycling equipment must not obstruct the operation of, or access to, any utility services on the land on which the equipment is located or on adjacent land, and
(c)  the container recycling equipment must, if erected outdoors:
(i)  be constructed of material that protects the equipment from weathering, and
(ii)  be painted or treated to protect the equipment from weathering, and
(iii)  in the case of a reverse vending machine or mobile reverse vending machine—be constructed so that any opening created is adequately weather proofed, and
(d)  the container recycling equipment must be constructed of low reflective materials, and
(e)  the container recycling equipment must be provided with lighting that complies with AS/NZS 1158.3.1:2005 Lighting for roads and public spaces, Part 3.1: Pedestrian area (Category P) lighting—Performance and design requirements, and
(f)  the container recycling equipment must not redirect the flow of any surface water or ground water or cause sediment to be transported onto an adjoining property, and
(g)  the container recycling equipment must not:
(i)  emit noise at a level that is more than 70 dB(A), measured in accordance with the Noise Policy, or
(ii)  emit noise that is audible within residential or office premises on any lot adjoining the lot on which the equipment is located, or
(iii)  emit noise at a level that is more than 5 dB(A) above background noise when measured at any adjoining property boundary in accordance with the Noise Policy, and
(h)  any display screen affixed externally to the container recycling equipment must not be more than 50cm in length or 30cm in width, and
(i)  the development must not result in any damage to public property on the land on which the container recycling equipment is located or on adjacent land (except any damage resulting from securing or affixing the container recycling equipment to the ground as a safety measure), and
(j)    (Repealed)
(k)  arrangements must be made for the removal of waste or recyclable materials likely to be generated as a result of the development or the operation of the container recycling equipment, and
(l)  the siting, design and construction of the container recycling equipment must meet all of the requirements imposed by the Environment Protection Authority under the container deposit scheme, and
Note.
 The EPA has published a Design Guide for Container Recycling Equipment and Facilities under the Container Deposit Scheme. The Design Guide can be accessed at www.planning.nsw.gov.au or www.epa.nsw.gov.au.
(m)  the container recycling equipment must not display any signage other than signage approved by the Environment Protection Authority under the container deposit scheme, and
(n)  if the container recycling equipment is development specified in clause 2.23A—the area occupied by the equipment must not exceed the greater of the following areas:
(i)  the area comprising 3 car parking spaces,
(ii)  42m2, and
(o)  if it is the erection of a reverse vending machine—the machine must:
(i)  not have a floor area of more than 50m2, and
(ii)  not be more than 3m in height, 10m in width or 5m in depth, and
(iii)  not be erected within 5m of any residential premises, and
(p)  if it is the erection of a reverse vending machine or a container collection cage—the machine or cage must not be erected within 2m of any street or right of way, and
(q)  if it is the erection of a container collection cage—the cage must:
(i)  be located in a car park or commercial premises, and
(ii)  not have a floor area of more than 15m2, and
(iii)  not be more than 3m in height, and
(r)  if it is the erection or operation of a mobile reverse vending machine in connection with a commercial, community or retail event or a private function—the machine must not be parked or located:
(i)  on the land for more than 2 days before the event or for more than 2 days after the event, or
(ii)  within 2m of any street intersection or right of way, and
(s)  if it is the erection or operation of a mobile reverse vending machine in connection with a commercial or retail event—the reverse vending machine contained in the mobile reverse vending machine must operate only:
(i)  between 7.00 am and 11.00 pm on a Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday, and
(ii)  between 7.00 am and 12.00 am on a Friday or Saturday, and
(iii)  between 8.00 am and 8.00 pm on a Sunday.
(2)  Despite subclause (1) (n), the equipment may occupy an additional car parking area in addition to the area specified in that paragraph if:
(a)  an environmental planning instrument, development control plan or condition of a development consent that is in force requires the car park to provide a minimum number of car parking spaces, and
(b)  the car park provides a number of car parking spaces that exceeds the minimum number required (the additional spaces).
(3)  The additional car parking area is the greater of the following areas:
(a)  an area comprising not more than 3 of the additional spaces,
(b)  an area not exceeding 42m2.
Note.
 A structure on public land or on or over a public road requires the prior approval of the relevant authority under the Local Government Act 1993 or the Roads Act 1993, respectively.
See note 2 to this Part for examples of other requirements that apply in addition to the requirements of this code.
Subdivision 13 Demolition
2.25   Specified development
Demolition of development specified as exempt development under this code, if it is not carried out on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item or on or in a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area, is development specified for this code.
2.26   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must be carried out in accordance with AS 2601—2001, The demolition of structures.
Note.
 A building constructed before 1987 may contain asbestos. Businesses are licensed to undertake asbestos removal work under the Occupational Health and Safety Regulation 2001 (refer to Working with Asbestos: Guide 2008 (ISBN 0 7310 5159 9) published by the WorkCover Authority). If the work is not undertaken by a licensed contractor it should still be undertaken in a manner that minimises risks (refer to Fibro & Asbestos—A Renovator and Homeowner’s Guide at http://more.nsw.gov.au). Information on the removal and disposal of asbestos to landfill sites licensed to accept this waste is available from the Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water.
Subdivision 14 Driveways and hard stand spaces
2.27   Specified development
The following development is specified for this code if it is not constructed or installed on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item, in a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area, on land in a foreshore area or in an environmentally sensitive area:
(a)  the construction or installation of a driveway associated with access to an open hard stand space, a carport, a loading bay or a garage,
(b)  the construction or installation of a hard stand space associated with a driveway, whether open or part of a carport.
2.28   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  be constructed or installed so that any surface water or runoff is disposed of by a drainage system that is connected to the existing stormwater drainage system, and
(b)  be constructed in accordance with AS/NZS 2890.1:2004, Parking facilities, Part 1: Off-street car parking or AS: 2890.2—2002, Parking facilities, Part 2: Off-street commercial vehicle facilities, and
(c)  if the development is ancillary development to a dwelling—not require cut or fill more than 600mm below or above ground level (existing), and
(d)  if the development is not ancillary development to a dwelling—not require cut or fill more than 1m below or above ground level (existing), and
(e)  if the development is a driveway:
(i)  not be wider than the open hard stand space, carport or garage with which it is associated, and
(ii)  be constructed in accordance with the relevant road authority’s policy and specifications on vehicle and driveway crossings, and
(iii)  be subject to written consent from the relevant roads authority (if required under section 138 of the Roads Act 1993) for the building of any kerb, crossover or driveway, and
(f)  if the development is a hard stand space:
(i)  measure at least 2.6m wide by 5.4m long, and
(ii)  have an area of not more than 20m2, and
(iii)  if the development is ancillary to a dwelling—be located at least 1m behind the building line of any road frontage (other than a laneway) and at least 900mm from each side or rear boundary, and
(iv)  in any other case—be located clear of any required landscaped area, and
(g)  if the development is constructed or installed in a residential zone or rural zone—not result in the total area of all driveways or hard stand spaces, pathways and paved areas on the lot exceeding 15% of the area of the lot or 150m2, whichever is the lesser, and
(h)  if constructed or installed in a residential zone:
(i)  if a lot has a width at the front building line of not more than 18m—have at least 25% of the area forward of the building line as landscaped area, and
(ii)  if a lot has a width at the front building line of more than 18m—have at least 50% of the area forward of the building line as landscaped area.
Subdivision 15 Earthworks, retaining walls and structural support
2.29   Specified development
Earthworks and the construction or installation of a retaining wall or other form of structural support is development specified for this code if it is not carried out, constructed or installed on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item, on a flood control lot or in an environmentally sensitive area.
2.30   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  not be a cut or fill of more than 600mm below or above ground level (existing), and
(b)  be located at least 1m from each lot boundary, and
(c)  if it is carried out, constructed or installed in a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area—be located in the rear yard, and
(d)  be located at least 40m from a waterbody (natural), and
(e)  not redirect the flow of any surface water or ground water or cause sediment to be transported onto an adjoining property, and
(f)  if it is a retaining wall or structural support for excavation or fill, or a combination of both:
(i)  be not be more than 600mm high, measured vertically from the base of the development to its uppermost portion, and
(ii)  be separated from any retaining wall or other structural support on the site by at least 2m, measured horizontally, and
(iii)  be located at least 1m from any registered easement, sewer main or water main, and
(iv)  have adequate drainage lines connected to the existing stormwater drainage system for the site, and
(g)  if the fill is more than 150mm deep—not occupy more than 25% of the area of the lot, and
(h)  if the fill is imported to the site—be free of building and other demolition waste, and only contain virgin excavated natural material (VENM) as defined in Part 3 of Schedule 1 to the Protection of the Environment Operations Act 1997, and
(i)  if the land is in a rural zone—not be fill of more than 100 cubic metres on each lot.
Note.
 It is an offence to transport waste to a place other than an appropriate and lawful waste facility (see section 143 of the Protection of the Environment Operations Act 1997).
Subdivision 15AA Emergency work and temporary repairs
2.30AA   Specified development
The temporary repair of any damage to a building or structure caused by an event that constitutes a significant and widespread danger to life or property in any zone in an area declared by an order under section 33 of the State Emergency and Rescue Management Act 1989 to be an area where a state of emergency exists is development specified for this code.
2.30AB   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  be carried out within 6 months of the declaration being made, and
(b)  not change the configuration of the floor space of the building or structure being repaired, and
(c)  not increase the floor space of the building or structure being repaired, and
(d)  be to make the building or structure weatherproof and, if a dwelling, suitable for habitation.
Subdivision 15A Evaporative cooling units (roof mounted)
2.30A   Specified development
(1)  The construction or installation of a roof mounted evaporative cooling unit on land in Climate Zone 4 is development specified for this code if it is not carried out on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item.
(2)  For the purposes of this clause, land is in Climate Zone 4 if it is within an area identified as Zone 4 of the Climate Zones for Thermal Design in the Building Code of Australia.
Note.
 For air-conditioning units see clause 2.5.
2.30B   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  be for residential uses only, and
(b)  be located at least 3m from each side boundary, and
(c)  be not higher than 1.8m above the highest point of the roof of the building on which it is mounted, and
(d)  be constructed or installed so that any opening created is adequately weather proofed, and
(e)  not involve work that reduces the structural integrity of the building, and
(e1)  be designed so as not to operate:
(i)  during peak time—at a noise level that is more than 5 dB(A) above the ambient background noise level measured at any property boundary, or
(ii)  during off peak time—at a noise level that is audible in habitable rooms of adjoining residences, and
(f)  if it is located on bush fire prone land—be constructed of non-combustible material and be adequately sealed or protected to prevent the entry of embers, and
(g)  if it is constructed or installed in a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area—be located in the rear yard and must not be visible from a public road.
Note.
 For further information about noise control see the Noise Guide for Local Government (ISBN 978 1 74232 942 0) published by the Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water NSW in October 2010.
Subdivision 16 Farm buildings (other than stock holding yards, grain silos and grain bunkers)
2.31   Specified development
The construction or installation of a farm building (other than a stock holding yard, grain silo or grain bunker) that is not used for habitable purposes is development specified for this code if it is:
(a)  constructed or installed on land in Zone RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4 or RU6, and
(b)  not constructed or installed on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item or in an environmentally sensitive area, and
(c)  not constructed or installed on land shown on any relevant Procedures for Air Navigation Services—Aircraft Operations Map prepared by the operator of an aerodrome or airport operating within 2 kilometres of the proposed development and for which a PANS-OPS surface is identified that may compromise the effective and on-going operation of the relevant aerodrome or airport.
Note 1.
 Farm building is defined in the Standard Instrument as a structure the use of which is ancillary to an agricultural use of the landholding on which it is situated and includes a hay shed, stock holding yard, machinery shed, shearing shed, silo, storage tank, outbuilding or the like, but does not include a dwelling.
Note 2.
 Subdivisions 16A and 16B make special provision for farm buildings that are stock holding yards, grain silos or grain bunkers.
2.32   Development standards
(1)  The following standards are specified for that development:
(a)  the development must not be higher than:
(i)  for a landholding that has an area of less than 10ha—7m above ground level (existing), and
(ii)  for a landholding that has an area of 10ha or more—10m above ground level (existing),
(b)  if the development is located on land that is identified for the purposes of an environmental planning instrument as “Land with scenic and landscape values” on a Scenic and Landscape Values Map or as “Scenic Protection Area” on a Scenic Protection Map or Scenic Protection Area Map—it must not be higher than 7m,
(c)  if the development:
(i)  is on a landholding that has an area of more than 4ha, and
(ii)  is on a landholding in relation to which the natural ground at any point within 100m of the ridgeline of any hill is at least 20m lower than the ridgeline, and
(iii)  is located within 100m of that ridgeline,
it must be sited on the landholding so that the highest point of the development is at least 5m below that ridgeline,
(d)  subject to paragraph (e), the footprint of a farm building must not exceed 200m2,
(e)  the footprint of all farm buildings (other than grain bunkers) on a landholding must not exceed the footprint shown in the following table:
Landholding area
Maximum footprint of all farm buildings (other than grain bunkers)
0–4ha
2.5% of the area of the landholding
>4ha–10ha
1,000m2
>10ha
2,000m2
(f)  the development must be located at least 20m from any road boundary and have a minimum setback from any other boundary as shown in the table to this paragraph:
Building footprint
Minimum setback from boundary
0–100m2
10m
>100m2–200m2
50m
(g)  a farm building must be located at least 6m from any other farm building (including any farm building that is a stock holding yard, grain silo or grain bunker) on the landholding or on an adjoining landholding,
(h)  the development must be located at least 50m from a waterbody (natural),
(i)  the development must be designed by, and constructed in accordance with the specifications of, a professional engineer,
(j)  if the development is a shipping container, there must not be more than the following number of shipping containers per landholding:
(i)  for a landholding that has an area of less than 400ha—1,
(ii)  for a landholding that has an area of 400ha or more—5,
(k)  the development must not penetrate any obstacle limitation surface shown on any relevant Obstacle Limitation Surface Plan that has been prepared by the operator of an aerodrome or airport operating within 2 kilometres of the proposed development and reported to the Civil Aviation Safety Authority,
(l)  despite clause 2.30 (a), excavation for the purposes of structural supports may exceed a depth of 600mm, measured from ground level (existing), unless the land is identified for the purposes of an environmental planning instrument as Class 1–5 on an Acid Sulfate Soils Map.
(2)  In this clause, footprint means the area of the ground surface occupied by a building, including the walls, footings and roofing of the building, and extending to the perimeter of the foundations and other means of structural support to the building, but does not include the area of access ramps, eaves and sunshade devices.
Note 1.
 There are other existing legislative requirements relating to the clearance of power lines, substations and Obstacle Limitation Surfaces near airport flight paths.
Note 2.
 The consent of the appropriate roads authority is required under section 138 of the Roads Act 1993 for the carrying out of certain works in relation to roads, including the building of any crossover or creating road access.
Subdivision 16A Stock holding yards not used for sale of stock
2.32A   Specified development
(1)  The construction or installation of a farm building that is a stock holding yard that is not used for habitable purposes is development specified for this code if it:
(a)  is constructed or installed on land in Zone RU1, RU2 or RU6, and
(b)  is used for the purpose of the short-term storage or watering of stock, and
(c)  does not include or comprise a stock and sale yard, and
(d)  in the case of development that has a footprint greater than 200m2—is not carried out on unsewered land to which State Environmental Planning Policy (Sydney Drinking Water Catchment) 2011 applies, if that development will result in a site disturbance area of more than 250m2.
(2)  In this clause, footprint means the area of the ground surface occupied by a building, including the walls, footings and roofing of the building, and extending to the perimeter of the foundations and other means of structural support to the building, but does not include the area of access ramps, eaves and sunshade devices.
Note.
 Stock and sale yard is defined in the Standard Instrument as a building or place that is used on a commercial basis for the purpose of offering livestock or poultry for sale and that may be used for the short-term storage and watering of stock.
2.32B   Development standards
The following standards are specified for that development:
(a)  a stock holding yard:
(i)  must be fenced around its perimeter, and
(ii)  must not be roofed,
(b)  any fencing erected in or around the perimeter of the stock holding yard must not be higher than 4.5m above ground level (existing),
(c)  the development must be located at least 10m from any road boundary and at least 200m from any other boundary,
(d)  the development must be located at least 200m from any dwelling that is located on land on the opposite side of a road that separates the landholding on which the development is located and that other lot,
(e)  the development must be located at least 6m from any other farm building (including any farm building that is a grain silo or grain bunker) on the landholding or on an adjoining landholding,
(f)  the development must be located at least 100m from a waterbody (natural).
Note.
 The consent of the appropriate roads authority is required under section 138 of the Roads Act 1993 for the carrying out of certain works in relation to roads, including the building of any crossover or creating road access.
Subdivision 16B Grain silos and grain bunkers
2.32C   Specified development
(1)  The construction or installation of a farm building that is a grain silo or grain bunker that is not used for habitable purposes is development specified for this code if it is:
(a)  constructed or installed on land in Zone RU1, RU2 or RU6, and
(b)  used for the purpose of the storage of grain that has been produced on the landholding, and
(c)  not constructed or installed on land shown on any relevant Procedures for Air Navigation Services—Aircraft Operations Map prepared by the operator of an aerodrome or airport operating within 2 kilometres of the proposed development and for which a PANS-OPS surface is identified that may compromise the effective and on-going operation of the relevant aerodrome or airport, and
(d)  in the case of development that has a footprint greater than 200m2—not carried out on unsewered land to which State Environmental Planning Policy (Sydney Drinking Water Catchment) 2011 applies, if that development will result in a site disturbance area of more than 250m2.
(2)  In this clause, footprint means the area of the ground surface occupied by a building, including the walls, footings and roofing of the building, and extending to the perimeter of the foundations and other means of structural support to the building, but does not include the area of access ramps, eaves and sunshade devices.
2.32D   Development standards—general
The following standards are specified for that development:
(a)  the development must not be constructed or installed on a landholding with an area of less than 40ha,
(b)  the development must be located at least 15m from any road boundary and at least 100m from any other boundary,
(c)  the development must be located at least 100m from any dwelling,
(d)  the development must be located at least 6m from any other farm building (including any farm building that is a stock holding yard) on the landholding or on an adjoining landholding,
(e)  the development must be located at least 50m from a waterbody (natural),
(f)  if the development:
(i)  is on a landholding in relation to which the natural ground at any point within 100m of the ridgeline of any hill is at least 20m lower than the ridgeline, and
(ii)  is located within 100m of that ridgeline,
it must be sited on the landholding so that the highest point of the development is at least 5m below that ridgeline,
(g)  the development must not penetrate any obstacle limitation surface shown on any relevant Obstacle Limitation Surface Plan that has been prepared by the operator of an aerodrome or airport operating within 2 kilometres of the proposed development and reported to the Civil Aviation Safety Authority,
(h)  if the development is located within 13km of an airfield or aerodrome—the development must be adequately sealed or protected to prevent the entry of wildlife,
(i)  despite clause 2.30 (a), excavation for the purposes of structural supports may exceed a depth of 600mm, measured from ground level (existing), unless the land is identified for the purposes of an environmental planning instrument as Class 1–5 on an Acid Sulfate Soils Map.
Note 1.
 There are other existing legislative requirements relating to the clearance of power lines and Obstacle Limitation Surfaces near airport flight paths.
Note 2.
 The consent of the appropriate roads authority is required under section 138 of the Roads Act 1993 for the carrying out of certain works in relation to roads, including the building of any crossover or creating road access.
2.32E   Development standards—grain silos
(1)  The following additional standards are specified for that development if the development is a grain silo:
(a)  it must not be higher than:
(i)  in the case of a landholding that has an area of 40ha or more but less than 100ha—7m above ground level (existing), and
(ii)  in the case of a landholding that has an area of 100ha or more—15m above ground level (existing),
(b)  it must not have a footprint greater than 200m2,
(c)  it must not have a footprint that would result in the footprint of all farm buildings (other than grain bunkers) on the landholding exceeding the footprint shown in the following table:
Landholding area
Maximum footprint of all farm buildings (other than grain bunkers)
0–4ha
2.5% of the area of the landholding
>4ha–10ha
1,000m2
>10ha
2,000m2
(d)  if the development is located on land that is identified for the purposes of an environmental planning instrument as “Land with scenic and landscape values” on a Scenic and Landscape Values Map or as “Scenic Protection Area” on a Scenic Protection Map or Scenic Protection Area Map—it must not be higher than 7m,
(e)  it must be constructed in accordance with the Code of Practice entitled “Safety Aspects in the Design of Bulk Solids Containers Including Silos, Field Bins and Chaser Bins” as published on the website SafeWork NSW and amended from time to time,
(f)  in the case of a grain silo that is sealed—it must be designed and sealed in accordance with sections 2 and 3 of AS 2628-2010, Sealed grain-storage silos – Sealing requirements for insect control,
(g)  it must not result in more than 5 silos being erected on a landholding.
(2)  In this clause, footprint means the surface area covered by a built structure that has either a roof or a floor installed as a fixture, or both, excluding the area of access ramps, eaves, sunshade devices, hard surfaces for parking or landscaping associated with the structure.
2.32F   Development standards—grain bunkers
(1)  The following additional standards are specified for that development if the development is a grain bunker:
(a)  it must not be higher than 7m above ground level (existing),
(b)  it must not have a footprint that would result in the footprint of all grain bunkers on the landholding exceeding 7,000m2,
(c)  if the development is located on land that is identified as “Land with scenic and landscape values” on a Scenic and Landscape Values Map or as “Scenic Protection Area” on a Scenic Protection Map or Scenic Protection Area Map—it must not have a footprint greater than 200m2,
(d)  any structural elements, including any wall or concrete floor slab, of the development must be constructed in accordance with the specifications of a professional engineer,
(e)  despite clause 2.30, it must not require cut or fill more than 1m below or above ground level (existing) and any cut or fill must only be carried out wholly within a 50m radius of the grain bunker,
(f)  it must not cause the redirection of the flow of any surface water or ground water or cause sediment to be transported onto an adjoining landholding,
(g)  it must be not be located over any registered easement, sewer main or water main.
(2)  In this clause, footprint means the area of the ground surface occupied by a building, including the walls, footings and roofing of the building, and extending to the perimeter of the foundations and other means of structural support to the building, excluding the area of access ramps, eaves and sunshade devices.
Note 1.
 It is an offence to transport waste to a place other than an appropriate and lawful waste facility (see section 143 of the Protection of the Environment Operations Act 1997).
Note 2.
 The consent of the appropriate roads authority is required under section 138 of the Roads Act 1993 for the carrying out of certain works in relation to roads, including the building of any crossover or creating road access.
Note 3.
 Subdivision 15 of Division 1 of Part 2 contains additional requirements relating to earthworks.
Subdivision 17 Fences (certain residential zones and Zone RU5)
2.33   Specified development
The construction or installation of a fence on land within Zone R1, R2, R3, R4 or RU5 is development specified for this code if it is not constructed or installed:
(a)  on a lot, or along a common boundary of a lot, that contains a heritage item or a draft heritage item, or
(b)  along the boundary of, or within the setback area of, a primary or secondary road within a heritage conservation area or draft heritage conservation area, or
(c)  on a flood control lot, or
(d)  on land that is identified as being in a foreshore area.
Note.
 If the fence is a dividing fence, the Dividing Fences Act 1991 also applies.
2.34   Development standards
(1)  The standards specified for development specified in clause 2.33 are that the development must:
(a)  not be higher than 1.8m above ground level (existing), and
(b)  not be of masonry construction to a height that is more than 1.2m above ground level (existing), and
(c)  if it includes an entrance gate—not have a gate that opens outwards, and
(d)  if it is located in a core koala habitat or potential koala habitat within the meaning of State Environmental Planning Policy No 44—Koala Habitat Protection or in a movement corridor used by koalas—be constructed or installed in accordance with any relevant council policy or guideline under that Policy, and
(e)  if it is located on bush fire prone land—be constructed of non-combustible materials or hardwood, and
(f)  if it is constructed of metal components—be of low reflective, factory pre-coloured materials, and
(g)  not be an electrical fence or use barbed wire.
(2)  Despite subclause (1), any fence located along the boundary of, or within the setback area to, a primary or secondary road must:
(a)  not be more than 1.2m above ground level (existing), and
(b)  be open for at least 20% of the area of the fence that is more than 400mm above ground level (existing), with any individual solid element of the fence above this height being no more than 350mm in width with a minimum aperture of 25mm.
(3)  If a lot has a frontage to a secondary road or roads, subclause (2) only applies to 50% of the length of all contiguous secondary road boundaries, measured from the corner with the primary road boundary.
(4)  Subclause (2) (b) does not apply to the part of the fence along the side boundary and within the setback area to the primary road.
(5)  Despite subclauses (1) and (2), if the fence is erected on a sloping site and stepped to accommodate the fall in the land:
(a)  a fence that is required to be not more than 1.2m above ground level (existing), must not be more than 1.5m above ground level (existing) at each step, and
(b)  a fence that is required to be not more than 1.8m above ground level (existing), must not be more than 2.2m above ground level (existing) at each step.
Subdivision 17A Fences for swimming pools (certain residential zones and Zone RU5)
2.34A   Specified development
The construction or installation of a fence on land within Zone R1, R2, R3, R4 or RU5 is development specified for this code if it forms a barrier to a swimming pool.
2.34B   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must comply with the requirements of the Swimming Pools Act 1992.
Subdivision 18 Fences (certain rural zones, environment protection zones and Zone R5)
2.35   Specified development
The construction or installation of a fence on land within Zone RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4 or RU6, an environment protection zone or Zone R5 is development specified for this code if it is not constructed or installed:
(a)  on a lot, or along a common boundary of a lot, that contains a heritage item or a draft heritage item, or
(b)  along the boundary of, or within the setback area of, a primary or secondary road within a heritage conservation area or draft heritage conservation area.
Note.
 If the fence is a dividing fence, the Dividing Fences Act 1991 also applies.
2.36   Development standards
(1)  The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  not be higher than 1.8m above ground level (existing), and
(b)  not include any masonry construction that extends more than 3m from either side of the entrance to the property from the primary road, and
(c)  be constructed using post and wire or post and rail, and
(d)  if it includes an entrance gate—not have a gate that opens outwards, and
(e)  if it is located in a core koala habitat or potential koala habitat within the meaning of State Environmental Planning Policy No 44—Koala Habitat Protection or in a movement corridor used by koalas—be constructed or installed in accordance with any relevant council policy or guideline under that Policy, and
(f)  if it is located on bush fire prone land—be constructed of non-combustible materials or hardwood, and
(g)  if it is constructed of metal components—be of low reflective, factory pre-coloured materials, and
(h)  if it is electrical fencing—be constructed in accordance with AS/NZS 3014:2003, Electrical installations–electrical fences, and
(i)  if it is constructed or installed on a flood control lot—not redirect or interrupt the flow of surface or ground water on that lot.
(2)  Despite subclause (1), if the fence is erected on a sloping site and stepped to accommodate the fall in the land the fence may be not more than 2.2m above ground level (existing) at each step.
Subdivision 19 Fences (business and industrial zones)
2.37   Specified development
The construction or installation of a fence within a business or industrial zone is development specified for this code if it is not constructed or installed:
(a)  on a lot, or along a common boundary of a lot, that contains a heritage item or a draft heritage item, or
(b)  along the boundary of, or within the setback area of, a primary or secondary road within a business zone, or
(c)  on a flood control lot, or
(d)  on land that is identified as being in a foreshore area.
Note.
 If the fence is a dividing fence, the Dividing Fences Act 1991 also applies.
2.38   Development standards
(1)  The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  not be higher than 3m above ground level (existing), and
(b)  not be of masonry construction to a height that is more than 1.2m above ground level (existing), and
(c)  if it includes an entrance gate—not have a gate that opens outwards, and
(d)  if it is located in a core koala habitat or potential koala habitat within the meaning of State Environmental Planning Policy No 44—Koala Habitat Protection or in a movement corridor used by koalas—be constructed or installed in accordance with any relevant council policy or guideline under that Policy, and
(e)  if it is located on bush fire prone land—be constructed of non-combustible materials or hardwood, and
(f)  if it is constructed of metal components—be of low reflective, factory pre-coloured materials, and
(g)  not be an electrical fence or use barbed wire.
(2)  Despite subclause (1):
(a)  any fence located along the boundary of a site that adjoins land within a residential zone must be open for at least 75% of the area of the fence that is more than 1.8m above ground level (existing), and
(b)  any fence located on the boundary of, or within the setback area of, a road must be open for at least 75% of the area of the fence that is more than 1.2m above ground level (existing).
Subdivision 19A
2.38A, 2.38B  (Repealed)
Subdivision 20 Flagpoles
2.39   Specified development
The construction or installation of a free-standing flagpole is development specified for this code.
2.40   Development standards
(1)  The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  be not higher than 6m above ground level (existing), and
(b)  not have a diameter of more than 90mm, and
(c)  be located at least 3m from each side and rear boundary.
(2)  There must not be more than 1 development per lot.
(3)  Any flag flown from the development must not have an area of more than 2.5m2 and must not be used for advertising.
Subdivision 20A Footpaths—outdoor dining
2.40A   Specified development
The use of a footway or public open space within the meaning of the Roads Act 1993 as an outdoor dining area associated with lawful food and drink premises is development specified for this code.
2.40B   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  not be associated with a pub or a small bar, and
(b)  be carried out in accordance with an approval granted under section 125 of the Roads Act 1993, including in accordance with any hours of operation to which the approval is subject, and
(c)  be carried out in accordance with any approval granted under section 68 of the Local Government Act 1993.
Subdivision 21 Fowl and poultry houses
2.41   Specified development
The construction or installation of a fowl or poultry house is development specified for this code if it is:
(a)  constructed or installed on land in a residential or rural zone, and
(b)  not constructed or installed on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item, and
(c)  not constructed or installed on land in a foreshore area.
2.42   Development standards
(1)  The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  if the development is constructed or installed on land in Zone R1, R2, R3, R4, R5 or RU5:
(i)  be not higher than 3m above ground level (existing), and
(ii)  not have a floor area of more than 15m2, and
(iii)  be located in the rear yard, and
(iv)  for development on land in Zone R5—not house more than 10 fowl or poultry, and
(v)  for development on any other land—not house more than 5 fowl or poultry and not house any roosters, and
(b)  if the development is constructed or installed on land in Zone RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4 or RU6:
(i)  be not higher than 7m above ground level (existing), and
(ii)  not have a floor area of more than 50m2, and
(b1), (b2)    (Repealed)
(c)  be located at least 3m from each lot boundary, and
(d)  if it houses fowls (including guinea fowls) only—be located at least 4.5m from any dwelling, public hall, school or premises used for the manufacture, preparation, sale or storage of food, and
(e)  if it houses other types of poultry—be located at least 30m from any dwelling, public hall, school or premises used for the manufacture, preparation, sale or storage of food, and
(f)  be enclosed to prevent the escape of poultry, and
(g)  be constructed or installed so that roofwater is disposed of without causing a nuisance to adjoining owners, and
(h)  to the extent it is comprised of metal components—be constructed of low reflective, factory pre-coloured materials if it is located on land in a residential zone, and
(i)  if it is located on bush fire prone land and is less than 5m from a dwelling—be constructed of non-combustible material, and
(j)  if it is constructed or installed in a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area—be located in the rear yard.
(2)  There must not be more than 1 development per lot.
Subdivision 21AA Fuel tanks and gas storage
2.42AA   Specified development
The construction or installation of an above ground fuel tank or gas storage facility for agricultural activity is development specified for this code if it is constructed or installed on a lot in a rural zone that is larger than 2ha and is not constructed or installed in an environmentally sensitive area.
2.42AB   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  not have a capacity of more than:
(i)  for a fuel tank—5,000 L, or
(ii)  for a gas tank—1,000 L, and
(b)  be located at least 20m from the primary road frontage of the lot and at least 10m from each other lot boundary, and
(c)  be bunded with the capacity to contain at least 110% of the capacity of the tank, and
(d)  if a fuel tank—be constructed of prefabricated metal, be freestanding and installed in accordance with the requirements of AS 1940–2004, The storage and handling of flammable and combustible liquids, and
(e)  if a gas tank—be designed and constructed in accordance with the requirements of AS/NZS 1596:2008, The storage and handling of LP Gas by a professional engineer, and
(f)  not be used for advertising, and
(g)  be located at least 1m from any registered easement, sewer main or water main.
Note.
 Other existing legislative requirements still apply in relation to work place health and safety issues.
Subdivision 21A Garbage bin storage enclosure
2.42A   Specified development
The construction or installation of a garbage bin storage enclosure is development specified for this code if it is not carried out on land in a foreshore area.
2.42B   Development standards
(1)  The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  be for a dwelling house only, and
(b)  be located at least 1m behind the building line of any road frontage, and
(c)  be located at least 450mm from each side and rear boundary, and
(d)  if it is constructed of metal components—be of low reflective, factory pre-coloured materials, and
(e)  if it is located on bush fire prone land and is less than 5m from a dwelling—be constructed of non-combustible material, and
(f)  if it is constructed or installed on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item or in a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area—be located in the rear yard, and
(g)  be located at least 1m from any registered easement.
(2)  There must not be more than 1 development per lot.
Subdivision 21B
2.42C, 2.42D  (Repealed)
Subdivision 22 Home businesses, home industries and home occupations
2.43   Specified development
A home business, a home industry or a home occupation that does not involve the manufacture of food products or skin penetration procedures is development specified for this code.
2.44   Development standards
The standards specified for this development are that the development must:
(a)  not involve a change of building use, and
(b)  if the development is on land to which a local environmental plan made under section 3.20 of the Act applies, comply with the applicable standards specified under clause 5.4 (2) and (3) of that plan.
Note 1.
 The elements that must comprise this development are specified in the definition of home business, home industry or home occupation the Standard Instrument.
Note 2.
 Under the Building Code of Australia, a change of building use involving a floor area greater than 10% of the floor area of a building would cause the building to contravene the development standard.
Subdivision 23
2.45, 2.46  (Repealed)
Subdivision 23A Hot water systems
2.46A   Specified development
The construction or installation of a hot water heater or a hot water storage tank is development specified for this code.
2.46B   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  not be a solar hot water system, and
(a1)  if it uses a heat pump water heater, be designed so as not to operate:
(i)  during peak time—at a noise level that is more than 5 dB(A) above the ambient background noise level measured at any property boundary, or
(ii)  during off peak time—at a noise level that is audible in habitable rooms of adjoining residences, and
(b)  if constructed or installed externally and on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item or in a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area:
(i)  not be located on a roof, and
(ii)  be located in the rear yard.
Note 1.
 See note relating to Solar Hot Water Systems.
Note 2.
 For further information about noise control in relation to heat pump water heaters, see the NSW Government’s Noise Guide for Local Government published in 2010 (ISBN 978 1 74232 942 0).
Subdivision 24 Landscaping structures
2.47   Specified development
The construction or installation of a landscaping structure (including a garden arch), other than a retaining wall is development specified for this code if it is not constructed or installed on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item or on land in a foreshore area.
2.48   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  be not higher than 2.1m above ground level (existing), and
(b)  be not wider than 1.5m, and
(c)  be located at least 900mm from each lot boundary, and
(d)  not comprise masonry construction higher than 1m from ground level (existing), and
(e)  if it is constructed or installed in a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area—be located in the rear yard.
Subdivision 25 Letterboxes
2.49   Specified development
The construction or installation of a letterbox, whether free standing or in banks, is development specified for this code if it is not constructed or installed on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item.
2.50   Development standards
(1)  The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  be not higher than 1.2m above ground level (existing), and
(b)  be visible from the road alignment, and
(c)  have appropriate numbering that is visible from the road alignment.
(2)    (Repealed)
Subdivision 25A Maintenance of buildings in draft heritage conservation areas
2.50A   Specified development
The maintenance of a building in a draft heritage conservation area comprising only:
(a)  painting, plastering, cement rendering, or cladding, or
(b)  the repair or replacement of an external window, glazing areas or a door (other than those on bush fire prone land), or
(c)  the repair or replacement of a non-structural wall or roof cladding, or
(d)  the repair or replacement of a balustrade,
is development specified for this code if it is not constructed or installed on or in, or in relation to, a heritage item or draft heritage item.
2.50B   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  reproduce the existing materials, finish and design of the building so as not to alter its appearance, and
(b)  not result in an increase of floor area or alter the layout of the building, and
(c)  not comprise the making of, or an alteration to the size of, any opening in a wall or roof, such as a doorway, window or skylight, and
(d)  not reduce the existing fire resistance level of a wall or roof, and
(e)  if located on bush fire prone land:
(i)  be adequately sealed or protected to prevent the entry of embers, and
(ii)  use equivalent or improved quality materials, and
(f)  not affect any existing fire resisting components of the building, and
(f1)  if the development involves cladding:
(i)  not be carried out on any building other than a 1 or 2 storey dwelling house, attached development or detached development, and
(ii)  not involve the use of external combustible cladding, and
(g)  not affect the means of egress from the building in an emergency.
Subdivision 26 Minor building alterations (internal)
2.51   Specified development
(1)  A minor internal building alteration for the replacement or renovation of:
(a)  a doorway, wall, ceiling or floor lining, or
(b)  a deteriorated frame member, including stairs and stairwells, or
(c)  a bathroom or kitchen, or
(d)  a built in fixture such as a vanity, a cupboard or a wardrobe, or
(e)  an existing sanitary fixture, such as a grease trap or the like, or
(f)  shelving or racking that is not higher than 2.7m, or
(g)  a work station or counter,
is development specified for this code if it is not constructed or installed on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item.
(2)  The installation of new or replacement insulation material in the ceiling, floor or wall of a building is development specified for this code.
2.52   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(aa)  not be an alteration to a food preparation area in food and drink premises, and
(a)  if it is the replacement or renovation of a deteriorated frame member—be of equivalent or improved quality materials, and
(b)  not include a change to the configuration of a room, whether by removal of an existing wall, partition or other means, and
(c)  not cause reduced window arrangements for light and ventilation needs, reduce the size of a doorway or involve the enclosure of an open area, and
(d)  not affect the load bearing capacity (whether vertical or horizontal) of a building, and
(e)  not include a change to the fire resisting components of, or interfere with the entry to, or exit from, or the fire safety measures contained within, a building, and
(f)  if it is the installation of new or replacement insulation material in a dwelling, it must be in accordance with Part 3.12.1 of the Building Code of Australia.
Subdivision 27 Minor building alterations (external)
2.53   Specified development
A minor external non-structural building alteration, such as the following:
(a)  painting, plastering, cement rendering, cladding, attaching fittings or decorative work,
(b)  the replacement of an external window, glazing areas or a door (other than those on bush fire prone land),
(c)  the repair to or replacement of a non-structural wall or roof cladding,
(d)  the installation of a security screen or grill to a door or window or a security door,
(e)  the repair to or replacement of a balustrade,
(f)  restumping or repairing structure foundations without increasing the height of the structure,
is development specified for this code if it is not constructed or installed on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item or in a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area.
2.54   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  not comprise the making of, or an alteration to the size of, any opening in a wall or roof, such as a doorway, window or skylight, and
(b)  not reduce the existing fire resistance level of a wall or roof, and
(c)  if located on bush fire prone land:
(i)  be adequately sealed or protected to prevent the entry of embers, and
(ii)  use equivalent or improved quality materials, and
(d)  not affect any existing fire resisting components of the building, and
(d1)  if the development involves cladding or is attaching fittings or decorative work:
(i)  not be carried out on any building other than a 1 or 2 storey dwelling house, attached development or detached development, and
(ii)  not involve the use of external combustible cladding, and
(e)  not affect the means of egress from the building in an emergency, and
(f)  if it is the installation of a security screen or grill to a door or window or a security door:
(i)  be for the purposes of a dwelling, or
(ii)  be for any other purpose so long as:
(A)  the screen or grill is installed for a door or window that is situated at least 5m from the boundary of any road, or
(B)  the security door is installed at least 5m from the boundary of any road.
Note.
 See separate entry for skylights.
Subdivision 27A Mobile food and drink outlets
2.54A   Specified development
The carrying out of the retail sale of food, drinks and related products on land from a mobile outlet such as a food truck, van, cart or other similar vehicle is development specified for this code.
2.54B   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  have the consent of the owner of the land on which the development is carried out or, if a council or public authority has the control and management of the land, the consent, in writing, of the council or public authority, and
(b)  not restrict any vehicular or pedestrian access to or from the land or entry to any building on the land, and
(c)  not obstruct the operation of, or access to, any utility services on the land or on adjacent land, and
(d)  not be located within the canopy of, or result in damage to, any tree growing on the land or on adjacent land, and
(e)  not result in any damage to public property on the land or on adjacent land, and
(f)  if carried out on land within or immediately adjacent to a residential zone—only be carried out between 7.00 am and 7.00 pm on any day, and
(g)  if located on a public place—have any approval required under section 68 of the Local Government Act 1993, and
(h)  if located on private land—be limited to 1 development on that land and not contravene any conditions of a development consent for any other use carried out on the land.
Note.
 A registrable vehicle within the meaning of the Road Transport (Vehicle Registration) Regulation 2007, or a cart, bicycle cart or the like must operate in accordance with the Guidelines for mobile food vending vehicles (NSW/FA/F1055/1302) published by the NSW Food Authority in February 2013, and any requirements of the Food Act 2003.
Subdivision 28 Pathways and paving
2.55   Specified development
(1)  The construction or installation of a pathway or paving, including any paving of a deck, pergola, patio or terrace is development specified for this code.
(2)  Subclause (1) does not include any paving of a driveway, hard stand space or turning or parking area to be used by vehicles for any purpose, including the delivery or loading of goods.
2.56   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  be constructed or installed so that any surface water or runoff is disposed of by a drainage system that is connected to the existing stormwater drainage system, and
(b)  if constructed or installed in a residential zone or Zone RU5:
(i)  not require cut or fill more than 600mm below or above ground level (existing), and
(ii)  not result in the total area of all paved areas (including driveways and hard stand spaces) on the lot exceeding 15% of the area of the lot or 150m2, whichever is the lesser, and
(c)  if constructed or installed in a residential zone:
(i)  on a lot that has a width at the front building line of not more than 18m—have at least 25% of the area forward of the building line as landscaped area, and
(ii)  on a lot that has a width at the front building line of more than 18m—have at least 50% of the area forward of the building line as landscaped area, and
(d)  if constructed or installed in a zone (other than a residential zone or Zone RU5):
(i)  not require cut or fill more than 1m below or above ground level (existing), and
(ii)  not reduce any required landscaped area along a boundary with a road or an adjoining lot on which a dwelling is located.
Note.
 The Standard Instrument defines landscaped area as a part of a site used for growing plants, grasses and trees, but not including any building, structure or hard paved area.
Subdivision 29 Playground equipment
2.57   Specified development
The construction or installation of playground equipment is development specified for this code.
2.58   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)    (Repealed)
(b)  be not higher than 2.5m above ground level (existing), and
(b1)  be located at least 450mm from each side and rear boundary, and
(c)  if it is on land in Zone R1, R2, R3 or R4—be located in the rear yard.
(d)    (Repealed)
Subdivision 30 Portable swimming pools and spas and child-resistant barriers
2.59   Specified development
The construction or installation of a portable swimming pool or spa or a child-resistant barrier that is required under the Swimming Pools Act 1992 is development specified for this code if it is not constructed or installed on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item or on land in a foreshore area.
2.60   Development standards
(1)  The standards specified for that development, if it is the construction or installation of a portable swimming pool or spa, are that the development must:
(a1)  be for residential uses only, and
(a)  be located in the rear yard, and
(b)  be located at least 1m from each lot boundary, and
(c)  not exceed 2,000 L in capacity, and
(d)  not require structural work for installation, and
(e)  not impact on the structural stability of any building.
(2)  A child-resistant barrier must be constructed or installed in accordance with the requirements of the Swimming Pools Act 1992.
Subdivision 31 Privacy screens
2.61   Specified development
The construction or installation of a privacy screen that is not attached to a boundary fence or retaining wall is development specified for this code if it is not constructed or installed on land in a foreshore area.
2.62   Development standards
(1)  The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  if attached to a balcony, deck, patio, terrace or verandah—be at least 1.7m, but not more than 2.2m, above the finished floor level of that development, and
(b)  if located on the ground—be not higher than 2.5m above ground level (existing), and
(c)  be not longer than 5m, and
(d)  be located at least 900mm from each lot boundary, and
(e)  be located in the rear yard.
(2)  There must not be more than 2 such privacy screens erected under this clause on any lot.
Subdivision 32 Rainwater tanks (above ground)
2.63   Specified development
The construction or installation of a rainwater tank above ground is development specified for this code if it is not constructed or installed on land in a foreshore area or in an environmentally sensitive area.
2.64   Development standards
(1)  The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  if it is on land other than land in Zone RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4, RU6, R5, E2, E3 or E4:
(i)    (Repealed)
(ii)  not have a capacity more than 10,000 L, and
(iii)  be located at least 450mm from each lot boundary, if the tank has a height of more than 1.8m above ground level (existing), and
(b)  if it is on land in Zone RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4, RU6, R5, E2, E3 or E4—be located at least 10m from each lot boundary, and
(c)  be located behind the building line of any road frontage, and
(d)  not rest on the footings of an existing building for support, and
(e)  not require cut and fill of more than 1m below or above ground level (existing), and
(f)  be fitted with a screened rain head designed to ensure self-cleaning and prevent leaf litter entering into the water tank, and
(g)  be fitted with a first-flush device incorporating an automatic resetting valve that causes initial run-off rainwater to bypass the tank, and
(h)  be constructed or installed with inlets and outlets designed to prevent mosquitoes breeding in it, and
(i)  have its overflow connected to an existing stormwater drainage system that does not discharge to an adjoining property, or cause a nuisance to adjoining owners, and
(j)  have a sign affixed to it with a statement to the effect that the water in the tank is rainwater, and
(k)  if it is constructed or installed on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item—be located in the rear yard.
(2)  Pumps attached to the development must be housed in an enclosure that is soundproofed.
(3)  If reticulated water is provided to the lot, the development must not be interconnected with any system supplying drinking water to the lot unless it complies with the relevant water authority’s requirements.
(4)    (Repealed)
Subdivision 33 Rainwater tanks (below ground)
2.65   Specified development
The construction or installation of a rainwater tank below ground is development specified for this code if:
(a)  it is constructed or installed on land in Zone RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4, RU6 or R5, and
(b)  it is not constructed or installed on land that is identified on an Acid Sulfate Map as being Class 1–5, and
(c)  it is not constructed or installed on land that is identified as an environmentally sensitive area.
2.66   Development standards
(1)  The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  be fitted with a first-flush device that causes initial run-off rainwater to bypass the tank, and
(b)  have a sign affixed to it stating the water in it is rainwater, and
(c)  be constructed or installed to prevent mosquitoes breeding in it, and
(d)  have its overflow connected to an existing stormwater drainage system that does not discharge to an adjoining property, or cause a nuisance to adjoining owners, and
(e)  if it is constructed or installed on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item—be located in the rear yard.
(2)  Pumps attached to the development must be housed in an enclosure that is soundproofed.
(3)  If reticulated water is provided to the lot, the development must not be interconnected with any system supplying drinking water to the lot unless it complies with the relevant water authority’s requirements.
Subdivision 33A Roller shutter doors adjoining lanes
2.66A   Specified development
The installation of a roller shutter door on a boundary adjoining a lane is development specified for this code.
2.66B   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  be associated with a hard stand, garage or carport, and
(b)  have a width of not greater than 4.5m, and
(c)  not be higher than 3m above ground level (existing), and
(d)  not encroach on the lane, and
(e)  comply with AS/NZS 2890.1:2004 Parking facilities, Part 1: Off-street parking.
Subdivision 34
2.67, 2.68  (Repealed)
Subdivision 35 Screen enclosures (of balconies, decks, patios, pergolas, terraces and verandahs)
2.69   Specified development
The construction or installation of a screen by attaching it to a balcony, deck, patio, pergola, terrace or verandah of a dwelling is development specified for this code if it is not constructed or installed on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item.
2.70   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  not have a solid enclosing wall higher than 1.4m above the floor level of the structure it is enclosing, and
(b)  if it encloses a structure attached to the ground level of a single storey dwelling or the upper level of a two storey dwelling—not be higher than the roof gutter line, and
(c)  if it encloses a structure attached to the ground level of a two storey dwelling—not be higher than 3m above the floor level of the structure it is enclosing, and
(d)  if it encloses a freestanding structure—not be higher than 3m above the floor level of the structure it is enclosing, and
(e)  if it encloses a structure attached to the upper level of a two storey dwelling—not enclose an area of more than 9m2, and
(f)  be located behind the building line of any road frontage, and
(g)  be located at least 900mm from each lot boundary, and
(h)  to the extent it is comprised of metal components—be constructed of low reflective, factory pre-coloured materials, and
(i)  if it is connected to a fascia—be connected in accordance with a professional engineer’s specifications, and
(j)  if it is not located on bush fire prone land—have at least two-thirds of its perimeter comprising open screen mesh material, and
(j1)  if it is located on bush fire prone land—cover all openings, including any sub-floor areas, operable windows, vents and eaves, and be made of a non-corrosive metal material with a maximum aperture of 2mm, and
(k)  if it is located on bush fire prone land and is less than 5m from a dwelling—be constructed of non-combustible material, and
(l)  if it is constructed or installed in a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area—not be attached to any balcony, deck, patio, pergola, terrace or verandah that faces any road.
Subdivision 36 Shade structures of canvas, fabric, mesh or the like
2.71   Specified development
The construction or installation of a shade structure of canvas, fabric, mesh or the like is development specified for this code if it is not constructed or installed on land in a foreshore area.
Note.
 See separate entry for awnings, blinds and canopies.
2.72   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)    (Repealed)
(b)  not have an area more than:
(i)  if for residential uses—20m2, or
(ii)  if it is constructed or installed for the purposes of a centre-based child care facility in a residential zone—40m2, or
(iii)  if it is constructed or installed for the purposes of a centre-based child care facility in a zone other than a residential zone—60m2, or
(iv)  if it is constructed or installed for the purposes of any other use—30m2, and
(c)  not cause the total area of all such structures on the lot to be more than 15% of the ground floor area of all buildings on the lot, and
(d)  not be higher than 3m from ground level (existing), and
(e)  be located at a distance from each lot boundary of at least:
(i)  if the development is carried out in Zone RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4, RU6 or R5—5m, or
(ii)  in any other case—900mm, and
(f)  be located behind the building line of any road frontage, and
(g)  to the extent it is comprised of metal components—be constructed of low reflective, factory pre-coloured materials, and
(h)  if it is connected to a fascia—be connected in accordance with a professional engineer’s specifications, and
(i)  not interfere with the functioning of existing drainage fixtures or flow paths, and
(j)  if it is located on bush fire prone land and is less than 5m from a dwelling—be constructed of non-combustible material, and
(k)  if it is constructed or installed on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item or in a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area—be located in the rear yard, and
(l)  if it is constructed or installed for the purposes of a centre-based child care facility—be constructed of non-combustible material.
Subdivision 36A
2.72A, 2.72B  (Repealed)
Subdivision 37 Skylights, roof windows and ventilators
2.73   Specified development
(1)  The construction or installation of a skylight, roof window or ventilator is development specified for this code if it is not constructed or installed on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item.
(2)  Development referred to in subclause (1) is not exempt development if it is constructed or installed on land in the local government area of Coonamble, Gilgandra, Warrumbungle Shire or that part of the local government area of Dubbo Regional that was formerly in the City of Dubbo.
2.74   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(aa)  be for residential uses only, and
(a)  not cause the total area of all such structures to be more than 2% of the total roof area of the building, and
(b)  be located at least 900mm from each lot boundary, and
(c)  be located at least 900mm from a wall separating attached dwellings, and
(d)  be constructed or installed so that any opening created is adequately weather proofed, and
(e)  not involve work that reduces the structural integrity of the building, and
(f)  if located on bush fire prone land—be adequately sealed or protected to prevent entry of embers, and
(g)  if constructed or installed in a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area—not be visible from any road frontage.
Note.
 Development for the purposes of small wind turbine systems or solar energy systems (ie a photovoltaic electricity generating system, solar hot water system or solar air heating system) is specified as exempt development under Division 4 of Part 3 of State Environmental Planning Policy (Infrastructure) 2007.
Subdivision 38 Subdivision
2.75   Specified development
The subdivision of land, for the purpose only of any one or more of the following, is development specified for this code:
(a)  widening a public road,
(b)  a realignment of boundaries:
(i)  that is not carried out in relation to land on which a heritage item or draft heritage item is situated, and
(ii)  that will not create additional lots or increase the number of lots with a dwelling entitlement or increase the opportunity for additional dwellings, and
(iii)  that will not result in any lot that is smaller than the minimum size specified in an environmental planning instrument in relation to the land concerned (other than a lot that was already smaller than that minimum size), and
(iv)  that will not adversely affect the provision of existing services on a lot, and
(v)  that will not result in any increased fire risk to existing buildings, and
(vi)  if located in Zone RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4, RU6, E1, E2, E3 or E4—that will not result in more than a minor change in the area of any lot, and
(vii)  if located in any other zone—that will not result in a change in the area of any lot by more than 10%,
(c)    (Repealed)
(d)  rectifying an encroachment on a lot,
(e)  creating a public reserve,
(f)  excising from a lot land that is, or is intended to be, used for public purposes, including drainage purposes, rural fire brigade or other emergency service purposes or public toilets.
2.76   Development standards
Note.
 (At the commencement of this clause no standards were specified.)
Subdivision 39 Sculptures and artworks
2.77   Specified development
The installation and display of any outdoor sculpture or other form of freestanding artwork is development specified for this code if it is not constructed or installed on or in a heritage item or draft heritage item, in a heritage conservation area or draft heritage conservation area or on land in a foreshore area.
2.78   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  be approved by the owner of the land on which it is installed or, if it is installed on a public road, be approved by the relevant roads authority (within the meaning of the Roads Act 1993), and
(b)  be structurally sound and securely fixed with any moveable parts securely attached, and
(c)  not give rise to any noise or other nuisance to any adjoining property, and
(d)  if installed on land in a residential zone—be not more than 3m in height and 3m in diameter, and
(e)  if installed on land in any other zone—be not more than 6m in height, and
(f)  if installed on land adjoining land in a residential zone—must be wholly located at least 3m from the boundary with that adjoining land.
Subdivision 39A
2.78A, 2.78B  (Repealed)
Subdivision 39B Tennis courts
2.78C   Specified development
The construction or installation of a tennis court is development specified for this code if it is:
(a)  constructed or installed on a lot with a size of at least 1ha in a rural zone or Zone R5, and
(b)  not constructed or installed on or in a heritage item, a draft heritage item, a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area or in an environmentally sensitive area.
2.78D   Development standards
(1)  The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  be for residential uses only and associated with a dwelling, and
(b)  be located behind the building line of any road frontage, and
(c)  not have lighting, and
(d)  not require cut or fill more than 600mm below or above ground level (existing), and
(e)  have a setback from a side or rear boundary of at least 5m.
(2)  There must not be more than 1 development per lot.
Subdivision 39C Waste storage containers
2.78E   Specified development
The installation of a waste storage container in a public place (within the meaning of the Local Government Act 1993) is development specified for this code.
2.78F   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must be located in accordance with an approval granted under the Local Government Act 1993.
Subdivision 40 Water features and ponds
2.79   Specified development
The construction or installation of a water feature or pond is development specified for this code if it is not constructed or installed on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item.
2.80   Development standards
(1)  The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  not have a water depth of more than 300mm, and
(a1)  not have a surface area of more than 10m2, and
(b)  if it is constructed or installed in a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area—be located in the rear yard.
(2)  Despite subclause 1 (a), a pond sump may be placed in a water feature or pond below a water depth of 300mm if the sump is covered with a bolted or anchored grate that is capable of supporting a weight of 150kg.
Subdivision 40A Waterways structures—minor alterations
2.80A   Specified development
The following works to existing lawful boat sheds, jetties, marinas, pontoons, water recreation structures and wharf or boating facilities are development specified for this code if the works are not carried out on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item:
(a)  the repair or replacement of the following:
(i)  decking on a boardwalk, gangway, ramp, jetty, landing, landing steps, pontoon or wharf or on any stairs, steps or skids,
(ii)  a handrail or ladder,
(iii)  non-load bearing members,
(b)  non-structural internal or external alterations to an existing lawful boat shed, including painting, plastering or cement rendering,
(c)  the installation of the following:
(i)  emergency items such as lifebuoys and any associated signage,
(ii)  lighting,
(iii)  service pedestals,
(d)  painting or other similarly applied surface treatment that is intended to protect a structure from corrosion or weathering.
2.80B   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  if it is for the repair or replacement of non-load bearing members:
(i)  use members of like dimension to the members being repaired or replaced, and
(ii)  not modify the footprint for the structure concerned, and
(iii)  use materials that are equivalent to the quality of the existing approved materials being repaired or replaced, and
(b)  if it is for a non-structural internal or external alteration to a boat shed:
(i)  not affect the load bearing capacity of any component of the boat shed, and
(ii)  not involve the use of external combustible cladding, and
(c)  not result in a pile being left exposed within the waterway, and
(d)  if it relates to the surfaces of pontoons, ramps or jetties (including the tops of piles)—be untreated, or stained or painted in recessive colours sympathetic to the existing natural landscape and built form, unless otherwise required for safety reasons, and
(e)  if it is the installation of lighting:
(i)  be for the purpose of aiding pedestrian movement to, from and on the facility and be fixed to the existing structure at a height of no more than 1.5m above the surface used for pedestrian movement, and
(ii)  not exceed 15 lux (being a unit of measurement for illumination) measured at the area to which the lighting is directed, and
(iii)  be designed and located so as not to affect safe navigation or cause any nuisance to neighbours or users of the waterway, and
(f)  if it is the installation of service pedestals:
(i)  be attached to an existing structure and installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s specifications, and
(ii)  not be higher than 1.4m above the level of any wharf or deck on or near which it is located, and
(iii)  not exceed a width or depth of 300mm, and
(g)  if it is pollution control facilities, occupational health and safety measures and environmental management works:
(i)  satisfy any applicable legislative requirements relating to pollution control, and
(ii)  not be undertaken for the purpose of remediating contaminated land, and
(h)  not reduce the amount of light penetration to any water below, and
(i)  not increase the area of the existing footprint of any building, and
(j)  not change the classification of any building under the Building Code of Australia, and
(k)  not involve disturbance of, or injury to, the bed of any waterway or marine vegetation (within the meaning of the Fisheries Management Act 1994), and
(l)  not include a change to the fire resisting components of, or interfere with the entry to or exit from, or the fire safety measures contained within, any building, and
(m)  use recessive colours sympathetic to the existing natural landscape and built form, and
(n)  be consistent with the terms of any applicable development consent, and
(o)  if an approval is required under the Fisheries Management Act 1994—be approved under that Act, and
(p)  if a licence is required under the Protection of the Environment Operations Act 1997—be licenced under that Act.
Subdivision 41 Windmills
2.81   Specified development
The construction or installation of a windmill for purposes other than the generation of electricity is development specified for this code if it is constructed or installed on land in Zone RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4 or RU6.
2.82   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  be free standing, and
(a1)  be located at least 20m from any road boundary and 5m from each other lot boundary, and
(b)  be designed by a professional engineer, and
(c)  be located at least 1m from any registered easement.
Note.
 There are other existing legislative requirements relating to the clearance of power lines and Obstacle Limitation Surfaces near airport flight paths.
Division 2 Advertising and Signage Exempt Development Code
Subdivision 1 General requirements for advertising and signage
2.83   General requirements
(1)  To be exempt development under this code, development specified in this Division must:
(a)  have the consent in writing of the owner of the land on which the sign is to be located and, if the sign or part of the sign projects over adjoining land, the consent of the owner of the adjoining land, and
(b)  be approved under section 138 of the Roads Act 1993, if the sign or part of the sign projects over a public road, including a footway, and
(c)  not be carried out on or in relation to a building being used as restricted premises, and
(d)  not cover any mechanical ventilation inlets or outlets located on any building on which it is carried out, and
(e)  not obstruct or interfere with any traffic sign, and
(f)  not result in more than 3 business identification signs being constructed or installed in relation to a building if the building houses only one commercial tenant, and
(g)  not result in more than 6 business identification signs being constructed or installed in relation to any building, and
(h)  not result in more than one business identification sign being constructed or installed in relation to a home business, home industry or home occupation in a residential zone.
(2)  This clause does not affect any other requirement of this Policy in relation to exempt development.
Note.
 The Summary Offences Act 1988 regulates or prohibits certain business signs.
Subdivision 2 Building identification signs
2.84   Specified development
The construction or installation of a building identification sign on the facade of a building for the purpose of identifying or naming a building is development specified for the purposes of this code if it is not constructed or installed on a heritage item or draft heritage item, in a heritage conservation area or draft heritage conservation area.
2.85   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  have only one sign displayed on each street frontage, and
(b)  not be more than 2.5m2 in area, and
(c)  be mounted flat against an exterior wall or parapet and must not protrude more than 300mm from the face of the wall or parapet, and
(d)  not be located higher than:
(i)  the parapet or eaves of the building, or
(ii)  15m above ground level (existing),
whichever is the lower, and
(e)  not cover any window, door or architectural feature, and
(f)  be securely fixed to the building in accordance with:
(i)  AS/NZS 1170.0:2002, Structural design actions, Part 0:General principles, and
(ii)  AS/NZS 1170.2:2011, Structural design actions, Part 2:Wind actions, and
(g)  not include any advertising of goods, products or services, and
(h)  if the sign is illuminated:
(i)  have its means of illumination, including any associated cables, concealed or integrated within the frame of the sign, and
(ii)  not be animated, flashing or moving, and
(iii)  comply with AS 4282—1997, Control of the obtrusive effects of outdoor lighting, and
(i)  if the sign is on a building on land that is within a residential, rural or environment protection zone, or is within 50m of and faces toward land that is within one of those zones—only be illuminated:
(i)  if the hours of operation of the business identified on the sign have been approved—during those hours, or
(ii)  if the hours of operation of the business identified on the sign have not been approved—between 7.00 am and 10.00 pm on any day.
Subdivision 3 Wall signs
2.86   Specified development
The construction or installation of a business identification sign (including a business identification sign for a home business) that is flat mounted or painted on the exterior wall of an existing building, or on an existing boundary fence or wall, is development specified for the purposes of this code if it is not constructed or installed on a heritage item or draft heritage item, in a heritage conservation area or draft heritage conservation area.
2.87   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  not result in more than 4 business identification signs of this type for the building (which may refer to more than 1 business within the building) so long as only one sign is visible on each elevation of the building, and
(b)  be attached to the building in which the business identified in the sign is located, and
(c)  if it is a sign that is located in a residential, rural or environment protection zone:
(i)  for a sign for a home business, home industry or home occupation—not be more than 1m2 in area, and
(ii)  for a sign for any other use—not be more than 2.5m2 in area, and
(d)  if it is a sign that is located in a business zone or Zone RU5—not be more than 5m2 in area, and
(e)  if it is a sign that is located in an industrial zone:
(i)  not be more than 16m2 in area if the sign is a wall sign attached or fixed to a building (other than a wall sign referred to in subparagraph (ii)), or
(ii)  not be more than 20% of the surface area of the wall of the building if the sign is a wall sign painted or applied by adhesive material on a building, and
(f)  not project beyond the parapet or eaves of the building to which it is attached, and
(g)  not be more than 2.5m above ground level (existing) in a residential zone, and not be more than 8m above ground level (existing) in any other zone, and
(h)  not cover any window, door or architectural feature, and
(i)  be securely fixed to the building in accordance with:
(i)  AS/NZS 1170.0:2002, Structural design actions, Part 0: General principles, and
(ii)  AS/NZS 1170.2:2011, Structural design actions, Part 2: Wind actions, and
(j)  if the sign is illuminated:
(i)  have its means of illumination, including any associated cables, concealed or integrated within the frame of the sign, and
(ii)  not be animated, flashing or moving, and
(iii)  comply with AS 4282—1997, Control of the obtrusive effects of outdoor lighting, and
(k)  if the sign is on a building, fence or wall on land within a residential, rural or environment protection zone, or is within 50m of and faces toward land within one of those zones—only be illuminated:
(i)  if the hours of operation of the business identified on the sign have been approved—during those hours, or
(ii)  if the hours of operation of the business identified on the sign have not been approved—between 7.00 am and 10.00 pm on any day.
Subdivision 4 Fascia signs
2.88   Specified development
The construction or installation of a business identification sign on the existing fascia of the awning of a building is development specified for the purposes of this code.
2.89   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  be mounted flat and securely fixed to the fascia, and
(b)  involve a rigid signboard or a signboard within a rigid frame, and
(c)  not project below, above or beyond the sides of the fascia, and
(d)  be at least 600mm behind the alignment of any kerb within the adjacent road, and
(e)  not be illuminated.
Subdivision 5 Under awning signs
2.90   Specified development
The construction or installation of a business identification sign suspended below the existing awning of a building is development specified for the purposes of this code.
2.91   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  not result in more than one sign of this type for each ground floor tenancy, and
(b)  not be more than 1.5m2 in area, and
(c)  not be more than 2.5m in length, and
(d)  be erected with the lower edge at least 2.6m above ground level (existing), and
(e)  be suspended at right angles to the building, and
(f)  not project beyond the awning fascia, and
(g)  be securely fixed to the building in accordance with:
(i)  AS/NZS 1170.0:2002, Structural design actions, Part 0: General principles, and
(ii)  AS/NZS 1170.2:2011, Structural design actions, Part 2: Wind actions, and
(h)  if the sign is illuminated:
(i)  have its means of illumination, including any associated cables, concealed or integrated within the frame of the sign, and
(ii)  not be animated, flashing or moving, and
(iii)  comply with AS 4282—1997, Control of the obtrusive effects of outdoor lighting.
Subdivision 6 Top hamper signs
2.92   Specified development
The construction or installation of a business identification sign above a display window or attached to the transom of a doorway in an existing building is development specified for the purposes of this code if it is not constructed or installed on a heritage item or a draft heritage item.
2.93   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  not result in more than one sign of this type for each ground floor tenancy, and
(b)  not be more than 2.5m2 in area, and
(c)  not be more than 600mm in height, and
(d)  be erected with the lower edge at least 2.1m above ground level (existing), and
(e)  not project below the transom of any doorway, and
(f)  if constructed or installed in a heritage conservation area or in a draft heritage conservation area:
(i)  be fixed flush to the transom, and
(ii)  not project below the top of the doorway or display window, and
(iii)  not be externally illuminated, and
(g)  if the sign is illuminated:
(i)  have its means of illumination, including any associated cables, concealed or integrated within the frame of the sign, and
(ii)  not be animated, flashing or moving, and
comply with AS 4282—1997, Control of the obtrusive effects of outdoor lighting.
Subdivision 7 Window signs
2.94   Specified development
The construction or installation of a business identification sign inside any window of an existing building is development specified for the purposes of this code.
2.95   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  not cover more than 20% of the surface of the window in which it is displayed or 6m2, whichever is the lesser, and
(b)  not be illuminated, and
(c)  if it involves a sign advertising a home business, home industry or home occupation—not result in more than one sign per premises.
Subdivision 8 Replacement of identification signs
2.96   Specified development
The replacement of:
(a)  an existing building identification sign or the content of such a sign, or
(b)  an existing business identification sign or the content of such a sign,
is development specified for this code.
2.97   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  replace a lawful sign, and
(b)  not be greater in size than the sign that it replaces, and
(c)  not be a sign that is animated, flashing or illuminated, unless the sign it replaces is the subject of a development consent to be an illuminated sign, and
(d)  not involve any alteration to the structure or vessel on which the sign is displayed, and
(e)  not obstruct or interfere with traffic signs.
Subdivision 9 Internal signs
2.98   Specified development
The construction, installation or display of advertisements or signs within an area enclosed by a building (for example, a sports stadium or shopping centre) is development specified for the purposes of this code.
2.99   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  not be visible from any public place outside the site of the building concerned, and
(b)  be securely fixed and installed in accordance with:
(i)  AS/NZS 1170.0:2002, Structural design actions, Part 0: General principles, and
(ii)  AS/NZS 1170.2:2011, Structural design actions, Part 2: Wind actions.
Subdivision 10 Community notice and public information signs
2.100   Specified development
The construction or installation of a sign that provides information on, or advertises services or activities on a site for, a public or community institution or organisation is development specified for the purposes of this code.
2.101   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  not result in more than one sign facing any road frontage, and
(b)  not have a surface area of more than 3.5m2, and
(c)  not be higher than 5m above ground level (existing), and
(d)  be located wholly within the boundaries of the site, and
(e)  be securely fixed and installed in accordance with:
(i)  AS/NZS 1170.0:2002, Structural design actions, Part 0: General principles, and
(ii)  AS/NZS 1170.2:2011, Structural design actions, Part 2: Wind actions, and
(f)  if on the site of a heritage item or draft heritage item—not be attached to a building, and
(g)  not be illuminated.
Subdivision 11 Temporary event signs
2.102   Specified development
The construction or installation of a sign or banner that advertises a commercial, community or retail event or a private function (including sponsorship of the event or function) is development specified for the purposes of this code.
2.103   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  not result in more than one banner and one other type of temporary sign facing any road frontage, and
(b)  not have a surface area of more than 6m2, and
(c)  be located wholly within the boundaries of the property or, if attached to a building, fence or wall, not project more than 100mm from the building, fence or wall, and
(d)  not be higher than 5m above ground level (existing), and
(e)  not be permanently fixed to a building, fence or wall, and
(f)  if advertising a commercial or retail event—not be constructed or installed in a residential zone, and
(g)  not be illuminated, and
(h)  not be displayed earlier than 14 days before the event, and
(i)  be removed within 2 days after the event.
Subdivision 12 Real estate signs
2.104   Specified development
The construction or installation of a temporary sign to advertise real property for sale or rent, being a sign that is located on the property for sale or on the site of the property for sale, is development specified for the purposes of this code.
2.105   Development standards
(1)  The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  if it is advertising a parcel of land, a dwelling house or one or more dwellings in a multi dwelling development with less than 10 dwellings:
(i)  not result in more than one sign for each parcel of land or dwelling (except that dwellings in the same ownership must be advertised on one sign), and
(ii)  not be more than 1.5m2 in area, and
(iii)  not be more than 3m above ground level (existing), and
(iv)  not be externally illuminated, and
(v)  if the development is advertising the sale or lease of a dwelling—be removed within 14 days after the sale or lease, and
(vi)  if the development is advertising the sale or lease of vacant land—be removed no later than the commencement of any construction on the land, and
(b)  in any other case—not result in more than one sign on any road frontage and each sign must:
(i)  not be more than 10m2 in area, and
(ii)  not be more than 5m above ground level (existing), and
(iii)  if the sign is more than 3.5m2 in area—be securely fixed and installed in accordance with:
(A)  AS/NZS 1170.0:2002, Structural design actions, Part 0: General principles, and
(B)  AS/NZS 1170.2:2011, Structural design actions, Part 2: Wind actions, and
(iv)  not be illuminated, and
(v)  if on the site of a heritage item or draft heritage item—not be attached to a building, and
(vi)  be removed within 14 days after the sale or lease of the property.
(2)  Despite subclause (1) (b), a sign that complies with the following development standards may be constructed or installed if the sign is advertising the sale of all the lots in a subdivision with more than 10 lots or all the dwellings in a multi dwelling development with 10 dwellings or more:
(a)  the sign must:
(i)  not be more than 10m2 in area, and
(ii)  not be more than 5m above ground level (existing), and
(iii)  if the sign is more than 3.5m2 in area—be securely fixed and installed in accordance with:
(A)  AS/NZS 1170.0:2002, Structural design actions, Part 0: General principles, and
(B)  AS/NZS 1170.2:2011, Structural design actions, Part 2: Wind actions, and
(iv)  not be illuminated, and
(v)  if on the site of a heritage item or draft heritage item—not be attached to a building,
(b)  the sign must be removed when 90% (rounded down to the nearest whole number) of the lots in the subdivision or dwellings in the multi dwelling development are sold or at the expiration of 2 years, whichever occurs first,
(c)  the sign may be additional to any sign permitted under subclause (1) (b), but only one such additional sign may be constructed or installed.
Subdivision 13 Election signs
2.106   Specified development
(1)  The display of any poster that contains electoral matter in relation to an election held under the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 of the Commonwealth, the Parliamentary Electorates and Elections Act 1912 or the Local Government Act 1993 is development specified for the purposes of this code.
(2)  In this clause, electoral matter means:
(a)  any matter that is intended or calculated or likely to affect or is capable of affecting the result of an election or that is intended or calculated or likely to influence or is capable of influencing an elector in relation to the casting of his or her vote at an election, or
(b)  the name of a candidate at an election, the name of the party of any such candidate and the picture of any such candidate (including any photograph of the candidate and any drawing or printed matter that purports to depict any such candidate or to be a likeness or representation of any such candidate).
2.107   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  not be more than 0.8m2 in area, and
(b)  if on the site of a heritage item or draft heritage item—not be attached to a building, and
(c)  be displayed by or on behalf of a candidate at an election referred to in clause 2.106 or the party (if any) of any such candidate, and
(d)  be displayed in accordance with any relevant requirements of the Act under which the election is held, and
(e)  be displayed only during the following periods:
(i)  5 weeks immediately preceding the day on which the election is held,
(ii)  the day on which the election is held,
(iii)  1 week immediately following the day on which the election is held.
Division 3 Temporary Uses and Structures Exempt Development Code
Subdivision 1 General requirements for temporary uses and structures
2.108   General requirements
(1)  To be exempt development under this code, development specified in this Division must:
(a)  have the consent in writing of the owner of the land on which the development is carried out or, if a council or public authority has the control or management of the land, the consent in writing of the council or public authority,
(b)  not restrict any car parking required to be provided by a condition of a development consent applying to the land or any vehicular or pedestrian access to or from the land unless that parking and access is on land owned, controlled or managed by a council or public authority and that council or public authority has given its written consent to the temporary use of the land for the erection of the temporary structure,
(c)  not redirect the flow of any surface water or ground water, or cause sediment to be transported, onto an adjoining property,
(d)  not result in damage to any protected tree growing on the land or on adjacent land,
(e)  if it is the erection of a temporary structure—be erected on a surface that is sufficiently firm and level to sustain the structure while in use,
(f)  if it is the erection of a temporary structure—be able to resist loads determined in accordance with the following Australian and New Zealand Standards:
(i)  AS/NZS 1170.0:2002, Structural design actions, Part 0: General principles,
(ii)  AS/NZS 1170.1:2002, Structural design actions, Part 1: Permanent, imposed and other actions,
(iii)  AS/NZS 1170.2:2011, Structural design actions, Part 2: Wind actions,
(g)  be covered by a policy of insurance taken out by the person carrying out the development that adequately covers the public liability of the person in respect of the carrying out of the development for an amount approved by the owner of the land on which the development is carried out,
(h)  have an approval for the use of the land related to the purpose of the temporary structure, unless the use of the temporary structure is specified as exempt development or is ancillary to the principal use of the land.
(2)  In this clause, any development standard that specifies a separation distance to a side or rear boundary:
(a)  only applies in respect of a boundary with adjoining land that is under a different ownership, and
(b)  does not apply in respect of adjoining land that is owned by the council or other public authority if the written consent of the council or other public authority has been obtained.
Note.
 Under section 68 of the Local Government Act 1993 certain activities require the approval of the council.
Subdivision 2 Scaffolding, hoardings and temporary construction site fences
2.109   Specified development
The construction, installation and removal of a scaffold, hoarding or temporary construction site fence that is used in connection with development that is exempt development or complying development is development specified for this code.
2.110   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  enclose the work area, and
(b)  if it is a temporary construction site fence adjoining or on a public place—be designed and installed in accordance with AS 4687—2007, Temporary fencing and hoardings, and
(c)  be removed immediately after the work in relation to which it was erected has finished if no safety issue will arise from its removal.
Note 1.
 A structure on public land or on or over a public road requires the prior approval of the relevant authority under the Local Government Act 1993 or the Roads Act 1993, respectively.
Note 2.
 The Work Health and Safety Act 2011 and Work Health and Safety Regulation 2011 contain provisions relating to scaffolds, hoardings and other temporary structures.
Subdivision 3 Temporary builders’ structures
2.111   Specified development
The construction or installation of a building site shed, office or associated amenities structure is development specified for this code.
2.112   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  be located on the lot in relation to which development consent has been granted, and
(b)  if it contains plumbing fixtures—have those fixtures connected to an approved waste water treatment device or an approved connection to the sewer, and
(c)  not be used for residential purposes, and
(d)  be removed from the lot immediately after completion of the works for which the development consent was granted.
Subdivision 4 Filming
2.113   Specified development
Filming is development specified for this code.
2.114   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are as follows:
(a)  the filming may only be carried out on land:
(i)  on which there is a heritage item, or
(ii)  within a heritage conservation area, or
(iii)  identified as an environmentally sensitive area,
if the filming does not involve or result in any of the following:
(iv)  any changes or additions that are not merely superficial and temporary to any part of a heritage item, a heritage conservation area or an environmentally sensitive area,
(v)  the mounting or fixing of any object or article on any part of such an item or area (including any building),
(vi)  the movement, parking or standing of any vehicle or equipment on or over any part of such an item or area that is not specifically designed for the movement, parking or standing of a vehicle or equipment on or over it,
(vii)  any changes to the vegetation on, or level of, such an item or area or any changes to any other natural or physical feature of the item or area,
(b)  the filming must not create significant interference with the neighbourhood,
(c)  if the filming is carried out on private land—the filming must not be carried out for more than 30 days within a 12-month period at the particular location,
(d)  if the filming is to be carried out for more than 2 consecutive days—a filming management plan must be prepared and lodged with the consent authority for the location at least 5 days before the commencement of filming at the location. The plan must contain the following information and be accompanied by the following documents (without limiting the information or documents that may be submitted):
(i)  the name, address and telephone number of the person carrying out the filming (such as a production company) and of the producer for the filming,
(ii)  a brief description of the filming to be carried out (for example, whether it involves a television commercial, a television series, a feature film or a documentary),
(iii)  the proposed location of the filming,
(iv)  the proposed commencement and completion dates for the filming,
(v)  the proposed daily length of filming,
(vi)  the number of persons to be involved in the filming,
(vii)  details of any temporary structures (for example, tents or marquees) to be erected or used at the location for the purposes of the filming,
(viii)  the type of filming equipment to be used in the filming (such as a hand-held or mounted camera),
(ix)  proposed arrangements for parking vehicles associated with the filming during the filming,
(x)  whether there will be any disruption to the location of the filming or the surrounding area and the amenity of the neighbourhood (for example, by the discharge of firearms or explosives, the production of offensive noise or vibrations, disruption to traffic flow or the release of smells, fumes, vapour, steam, soot, ash, dust, waste water, grit or oil),
(xi)  whether the filming will involve the use of outdoor lighting or any other special effects equipment,
(xii)  a copy of the public liability insurance policy that covers the filming at the location,
(xiii)  a copy of any approval given by a public or local authority to carry out an activity associated with the proposed filming, such as the following:
(A)  an approval given by Roads and Maritime Services for the closure of a road,
(B)  an approval given by a council for the erection or use of a temporary structure, closure of a road or a public footpath, or the restriction of pedestrian access,
(C)  an approval given by the Environment Protection Authority for an open fire,
(D)  an approval given by the NSW Police Force for the discharge of firearms,
(E)  an approval given by the Department of Primary Industries, Crown Land Division, for the use of Crown land,
(xiv)  details of any temporary alteration or addition to any building or work at the location for the purposes of the filming,
(e)  if the filming is to be carried out for more than 2 consecutive days—the person carrying out the filming must, at least 5 days before the commencement of filming at the particular location, give notice in writing (by way of a letter-box drop) of the filming to residents within a 50m radius of the location. The notice must contain the following information:
(i)  the name and telephone number of the person carrying out the filming (such as a production company) and of a contact representative of that person,
(ii)  a brief description of the filming to be carried out at the location and of any proposed disruptions to the location or the surrounding area or the amenity of the neighbourhood,
(iii)  the proposed commencement and completion dates for the filming,
(iv)  the proposed daily length of filming.
Subdivision 5 Temporary structures and alterations or additions to buildings for filming purposes
2.115   Specified development
The construction or installation of a temporary structure (other than a tent or marquee), and a temporary alteration or addition to a building or work, solely for filming purposes is development specified for this code.
2.116   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  be erected, used, altered or added to in connection with filming that is exempt development, and
(b)  not be at the location for more than 30 days within a 12-month period, and
(c)  if it is an alteration or addition to a building or work—not remain in place for more than 30 days within a 12-month period, and
(d)  not, in its altered or added to form, be accessible to the public.
Subdivision 6 Tents or marquees used for filming purposes and private functions
2.117   Specified development
The construction or installation of a tent or marquee used for filming purposes or a wedding, private party or other private function is development specified for this code if it is carried out on any of the following land:
(a)  land within a rural, residential or environment protection zone and used for residential accommodation,
(b)  land in a zone other than a rural, residential or environment protection zone,
(c)  Crown land (within the meaning of the Crown Lands Act 1989),
(d)  land vested in or under the control and management of the council or other public authority of the area in which the development is carried out.
2.118   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are as follows:
(a)  for all tents or marquees being used at the same time—the development must not have a total floor area exceeding 200m2, if located in a residential zone, or 300m2, if located in any other zone,
(b)  if the development is carried out on land used for residential accommodation—each tent or marquee must be located:
(i)  at least 1m from any boundary of the land, and
(ii)  behind any building setback fixed by an environmental planning instrument or development control plan applying to the land,
(c)  if the development is carried out on land not used for residential accommodation—each tent or marquee must be located at least 3m from any boundary of the land,
(d)  each tent or marquee must be erected so as to provide an unobstructed pedestrian circulation area at least 1.5m wide around the perimeter of the tent or marquee, unless it is attached to or abuts a building with no separation,
(e)  each tent or marquee must be erected at ground level,
(f)  each tent or marquee must have the following number of exits arranged so as to afford a ready means of egress from all parts of the tent or marquee to open space or a road:
(i)  1 exit if the tent or marquee has a floor area of not more than 25m2,
(ii)  2 exits if the tent or marquee has a floor area of not more than 100m2,
(iii)  4 exits in any other case,
(g)  if any tent or marquee will include internal seating, stalls, tables or other obstructions, a clear path of travel to any exit no greater than 40m in length must be provided,
(h)  each tent or marquee must have a width for each exit of at least:
(i)  850mm if the floor area of the tent or marquee is less than 150m2, or
(ii)  1m in any other case,
(i)  no tent or marquee can have a wall height exceeding 4m,
(j)  each tent or marquee must have a height, as measured from the surface on which the tent or marquee is erected to the highest point of the tent or marquee, not exceeding 6m,
(k)  no tent or marquee can contain tiered seating,
(l)  any wedding, private party or other private function must take place only during the following periods:
(i)  7.30 am to 11.00 pm on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday,
(ii)  7.30 am to 12.00 am on Friday or Saturday,
(iii)  8.00 am to 8.00 pm on Sunday,
(m)  if the development is carried out for the purposes of a wedding, private party or other private function (unless it is a community event to which Subdivision 7 applies):
(i)  each tent or marquee must not be erected on the land for more than 7 days, and
(ii)  the number of days for which a tent or marquee is erected on the land together with the number of days for which tents or marquees have previously been erected on the land for private functions in the same calendar year must not exceed 30 days,
(n)  in any other case—each tent or marquee must not remain on the land for more than 2 days after the function or after the completion of the filming at the location,
(o)  arrangements must be made for the removal of any waste or recyclable materials likely to be generated as a result of the function or the filming activities.
Subdivision 7 Tents, marquees or booths for community events
2.119   Specified development
The construction or installation of a tent, marquee or booth used for a community event is development specified for this code if it is carried out on land other than land within a rural, residential or environment protection zone.
2.120   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are as follows:
(a)  for all tents, marquees and booths being used at the same time—the development must not have a total floor area exceeding 300m2,
(b)  each tent, marquee or booth must be located at least 3m from any boundary of the land,
(c)  each tent, marquee or booth must be erected so as to provide an unobstructed pedestrian circulation area at least 1.5m wide around the perimeter of the tent, marquee or booth, unless it is attached to or abuts a building with no separation,
(d)  each tent, marquee or booth must be erected at ground level,
(e)  each tent or marquee must have the following number of exits arranged so as to afford a ready means of egress from all parts of the tent or marquee to open space or a road:
(i)  1 exit if the tent or marquee has a floor area of not more than 25m2,
(ii)  2 exits if the tent or marquee has a floor area of not more than 100m2,
(iii)  4 exits in any other case,
(f)  if any tent or marquee will include internal seating, stalls, tables or other obstructions, a clear path of travel to any exit no greater than 40m in length must be provided,
(g)  each tent or marquee must have a width for each exit of at least:
(i)  if the floor area of the tent or marquee is less than 150m2—850mm, or
(ii)  in any other case—1m,
(h)  no tent or marquee can have a wall height exceeding 4m,
(i)  each tent or marquee must have a height as measured from the surface on which the tent or marquee is erected to the highest point of the tent or marquee not exceeding 6m,
(j)  no tent or marquee can contain tiered seating,
(k)  the event must take place only during the following periods (unless it is a community event to which Subdivision 9 applies):
(i)  7.30 am to 11.00 pm on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday,
(ii)  7.30 am to 12.00 am on Friday or Saturday,
(iii)  8.00 am to 8.00 pm on Sunday,
(l)  each tent, marquee or booth must not remain on the land for more than 7 days after the event,
(m)  arrangements must be made for the removal of any waste or recyclable materials likely to be generated as a result of the event.
Subdivision 8 Stages or platforms for private functions
2.121   Specified development
The construction or installation of a stage or platform used for a wedding, private party or other private function is development specified for this code if it is carried out on any of the following land:
(a)  land within a rural, residential or environment protection zone and used for residential accommodation,
(b)  land in a zone other than a rural, residential or environment protection zone,
(c)  Crown land (within the meaning of the Crown Lands Act 1989),
(d)  land vested in or under the control and management of the council or other public authority of the area in which the development is carried out.
2.122   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are as follows:
(a)  the stage or platform must not have a floor area exceeding 50m2,
(b)  if it is development carried out on land used for residential accommodation—the stage or platform must be located:
(i)  at least 1m from any boundary of the land, and
(ii)  behind any building setback fixed by an environmental planning instrument or development control plan applying to the land,
(c)  if it is development carried out on land not used for residential accommodation—the stage or platform must be located at least 3m from any boundary of the land,
(d)  the stage or platform must be erected at ground level,
(e)  the stage or platform must have a height as measured from the surface on which the tent or marquee is erected to the floor of the stage or platform not exceeding 2m,
(f)  a notice indicating the actual distributed and concentrated load for which the stage or platform has been designed must be conspicuously displayed on the stage or platform,
(g)  if it is development carried out on land used for residential accommodation or land in a business or special purpose zone:
(i)  the stage or platform must not be erected on the land for more than 7 days, and
(ii)  the number of days for which the stage or platform is erected on the land together with the number of days for which stages or platforms have previously been erected on the land for private functions in the same calendar year must not exceed 30 days,
(h)  the stage or platform must not remain on the land for more than 2 days after the function,
(i)  arrangements must be made for the removal of any waste or recyclable materials likely to be generated as a result of the function,
(j)  the function must take place only during the following periods:
(i)  7.30 am to 11.00 pm on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday,
(ii)  7.30 am to 12.00 am on Friday or Saturday,
(iii)  8.00 am to 8.00 pm on Sunday.
Subdivision 9 Stages or platforms for community events
2.123   Specified development
The construction or installation of a stage or platform used for a community event is development specified for this code if it is carried out on land other than land within a rural, residential or environment protection zone.
2.124   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are as follows:
(a)  the stage or platform must not have a floor area exceeding 50m2,
(b)  the stage or platform must be located at least 3m from any boundary of the land,
(c)  the stage or platform must be erected at ground level,
(d)  the stage or platform must have a height, as measured from the surface on which the tent or marquee is erected to the floor of the stage or platform, not exceeding 2m,
(e)  a notice indicating the actual distributed and concentrated load for which the stage or platform has been designed must be conspicuously displayed on the stage or platform,
(f)  the community event must take place only during the following periods (unless it is a community event to which Subdivision 11 applies):
(i)  7.30 am to 11.00 pm on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday,
(ii)  7.30 am to 12.00 am on Friday or Saturday,
(iii)  8.00 am to 8.00 pm on Sunday,
(g)  the stage or platform must not be erected on the land for more than 7 days,
(h)  the stage or platform must not remain on the land for more than 2 days after the event,
(i)  arrangements must be made for the removal of any waste or recyclable materials likely to be generated as a result of the event.
Subdivision 10 Major events sites—additional temporary development
2.125   Specified development
(1)  This Subdivision applies to the following land:
(a)  land identified as Circular Quay, Darling Harbour or The Rocks on the Sydney Harbour Foreshore Sites Map within the meaning of State Environmental Planning Policy (Major Development) 2005 and that is within the public domain within the meaning of the Sydney Harbour Foreshore Authority Act 1998, and
(b)  Lots 1 and 3, DP 876516, being the Overseas Passenger Terminal at Circular Quay, and
(c)  Sydney Olympic Park Site as shown marked as such on the State Significant Development Sites Map within the meaning of State Environmental Planning Policy (State and Regional Development) 2011, and
(d)  the Barangaroo site as shown marked as such on the State Significant Development Sites Map within the meaning of State Environmental Planning Policy (State and Regional Development) 2011.
(2)  Development for the purposes of temporary uses in the public domain, including development for the following purposes, is development specified for this code:
(a)  a community event,
(b)  a commercial event (such as a product launch and sampling),
(c)  trading for retail or other commercial purposes (such as providing a temporary dining and drinking area),
(d)  associated storage areas and truck lay-by areas and the like.
2.126   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are as follows:
(a)  if the use is a community or commercial event:
(i)  the period of the use must be for not more than 21 consecutive days, from the start of set-up to the completion of clean-up for the use, and
(ii)  a location must not be used for more than 140 days, inclusive of set-up and clean-up time, in any calendar year,
(b)  if the use is for the operation of a street market carried out, coordinated or managed by a public authority—the use must be for not more than 3 consecutive days and a location must not be used for more than 120 days in any calendar year,
(c)  there must be no permanent physical change to the fabric of the location where the use occurs,
(d)  emergency vehicle access must be maintained to and around the location at all times,
(e)  pedestrian access must be maintained along existing footpaths at the location or barriers must be erected between alternative pedestrian pathways and traffic on any adjoining road,
(f)  the use must not occur before 6.00 am or after midnight on any day, except New Year’s Eve (when the use may occur until 2.00 am the following day),
(g)  set-up time for the use must not start earlier than 6.00 am, or end later than midnight, on any day,
(h)  clean up time for the use must end no later than 2 hours after the use was to stop occurring under paragraph (f),
(i)  temporary flags relating to the use:
(i)  must be attached to existing flagpoles, and
(ii)  must not be displayed for more than 14 days before the use starts, and
(iii)  must be removed within 7 days after the use ends,
(j)  other temporary signs (including freestanding banners):
(i)  must not be more than 2.5m in height, and
(ii)  must not be larger than 1.2m by 2.4m, and
(iii)  must not be displayed for more than 7 days before the use starts, and
(iv)  must be removed within 2 days after the use ends,
(k)  any mobile structures or equipment installed as part of the event, such as video screens, communications equipment and mobile phone towers are to be erected or installed on level ground with secure footings and are to be located so as not to obstruct pedestrian paths of travel.
Subdivision 11 Sydney Cricket Ground—additional temporary development
2.127   Specified development
Development for the purposes of temporary outdoor non-sporting events (such as concerts) and associated equipment, structures and facilities (such as stages, public address systems, food or beverage outlets, video screens and information or ticket booths) is development specified for this code if it is carried out on land described in Schedule 2 to the Sydney Cricket and Sports Ground Act 1978.
2.128   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are as follows:
(a)  the development must comply with any noise controls in a prevention notice issued under the Protection of the Environment Operations Act 1997,
(b)  each event must not have a total duration of more than 14 days,
(c)  each event must comply with any written plan for the management of traffic, parking and vehicle and pedestrian access in relation to the event.
Subdivision 12 Trading hours—temporary extensions for Christmas
2.129   Specified development
The operation of retail premises for 24 hours a day during the period of 2 weeks immediately before 25 December in any year is development specified for this code if:
(a)  it is carried out on land within a business zone, and
(b)  for a food and beverage premises—the premises are not licensed premises, and
(c)  for premises within a mixed-use building—the premises are not on the same floor as one on which a residential use is located or on a floor immediately above or below a floor where a residential use is located.
2.130   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  be for the operation of premises that are the subject of a development consent, and
(b)  comply with all conditions of the consent for the use of the premises other than any condition that restricts the trading hours of the premises, and
(c)  if the conditions of the consent do not specify hours for the loading or delivery of goods to, or the removal of waste from, the premises—only be carried out between 7.00 am and 7.00 pm on any day
Subdivision 13 Trading hours—temporary extension for licensed premises
2.131   Specified development—extended trading hours of licensed premises generally
The operation of licensed premises for extended trading hours is development specified for this code if:
(a)  there is a development consent under which the development may be carried out at times other than the extended trading hours, and
(b)  the development is authorised by an extended trading authorisation granted under section 49 or 49A of the Liquor Act 2007 for a special occasion (referred to in section 49 (5) (b) or 49A (3) (b) of that Act) of local, State or national significance or by a regulation made under section 13 of that Act in connection with an event of that kind, and
(c)  the premises are not subject premises within the meaning of Division 1A of Part 4 of the Liquor Act 2007 while the freeze period (as referred to in that Division 1A) is in force.
2.131A   (Repealed)
2.131B   Specified development—extended trading hours on new year’s eve for licensed premises across the State
(1)  Despite clause 2.131, the operation of licensed premises during the new year’s eve trading period is development specified for this code if:
(a)  there is a development consent under which the development may be carried out at times other than the new year’s eve trading period, and
(b)  the development is authorised under section 14 (2) (b), 18 (2) (b), 25 (5) or 50 (2) (b) of the Liquor Act 2007 or by an extended trading authorisation or is otherwise permitted in accordance with an exemption under that Act.
(2)  This clause does not limit the operation of any extended trading authorisation that applies in relation to licensed premises.
(3)  In this clause:
extended trading authorisation has the same meaning as in the Liquor Act 2007.
new year’s eve trading period, in relation to licensed premises, means the period from the end of the standard trading period on 31 December 2018 to 2 am on the next succeeding day.
standard trading period has the same meaning as in the Liquor Act 2007.
2.132   Development standards
(1)  The standards specified for any development referred to in clause 2.131 or 2.131B are that the development must not contravene any terms of a development consent that are applicable to the development when carried out at times other than during the extended trading hours under clause 2.131 or the new year’s eve trading period referred to in clause 2.131B.
(2)  Subclause (1) does not apply to a term of a development consent that sets out or restricts the hours of operation of, or trading on, the premises.
Part 2A Transitional development under former General Housing Code and related provisions
2A.1   Housing that would have been complying development under repealed General Housing Code continues to be complying development
(1)  Development specified for the General Housing Code as repealed by State Environmental Planning Policy (Exempt and Complying Development Codes) Amendment (Housing Code) 2017 is also complying development for the purposes of this Policy if the development would have been complying development under this Policy as in force immediately before the repeal of that Code.
(2)  Development carried out under this clause is taken (except for the purposes of clause 1.17) to be carried out under a complying development code to be known as the Transitional Housing Code.
Note.
 The relevant version of the General Housing Code (now known as the Transitional Housing Code) is the historical version in force from 5 August 2016 to 13 July 2017.
2A.2   Housing that would have been complying development under certain other repealed provisions continues to be complying development
Development that would have been complying development under any of the following environmental planning instruments immediately before the amendment of that instrument by State Environmental Planning Policy Amendment (Miscellaneous) 2017 is taken to be complying development under that instrument:
2A.3   Part ceases to have effect on 13 July 2019
This Part ceases to have effect on 13 July 2019.
Part 3 Housing Code
Note 1.
 Clause 1.18 (1) (b) states that to be complying development for the purposes of this Policy the development must be permissible with consent under an environmental planning instrument applying to the land on which the development is carried out.
Note 2.
 Schedule 3 contains variations to this code.
Note 3.
 In addition to the requirements specified for development under this code, adjoining owners’ property rights, the applicable common law and other legislative requirements for approvals, licences, permits and authorities still apply. For example, requirements relevant to development in this code may be contained in the Act, the Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000, various State environmental planning policies, the Protection of the Environment Operations Act 1997, the Roads Act 1993, the Swimming Pools Act 1992 and Acts applying to various infrastructure authorities. If the development is in proximity to infrastructure, including water, stormwater and sewer mains, electricity power lines and telecommunications facilities, the relevant infrastructure authority should be contacted before commencing the development.
Division 1 Requirements for complying development under this code
3.1   Development that is complying development under this code
(1)  The following development is complying development under this code:
(a)  the erection of a new 1 or 2 storey dwelling house and any attached development,
(b)  the alteration of, or an addition to, a 1 or 2 storey dwelling house (including any addition that results in a 2 storey dwelling house) and any attached development,
(c)  the erection of detached development and the alteration of, or an addition to, any detached development.
(2)  For the purposes of calculating the number of storeys in a dwelling house under this code, any basement (including a garage) is to be counted as a storey.
Note 1.
 Although a basement is to be counted as a storey for the purposes of calculating the number of storeys in a dwelling house, a basement is a type of attached development for the purposes of complying development under this code.
Note 2.
 Storey is defined in the Standard Instrument as a space within a building that is situated between one floor level and the floor level next above, or if there is no floor above, the ceiling or roof above, but does not include:
(a)  a space that contains only a lift shaft, stairway or meter room, or
(b)  a mezzanine, or
(c)  an attic.
 
(3) Lot requirements Complying development specified for this code may only be carried out on a lot that meets the following requirements:
(a)  the lot must be in Zone R1, R2, R3, R4 or RU5,
(b)  the area of the lot must not be less than 200m2,
(c)  the width of the lot must be at least 6m measured at the building line,
(d)  there must only be 1 dwelling house on the lot at the completion of the development,
(e)  the lot must have lawful access to a public road at the completion of the development,
(f)  if the development is on a battle-axe lot—the lot must be at least 12m by 12m (not including the access laneway) and must have an access laneway that is at least 3m wide,
(g)  if the development is on a corner lot—the width of the primary road boundary of the lot must be at least 6m.
(4)  A secondary dwelling with development consent or a complying development certificate is not a dwelling house for the purpose of subclause (3) (d).
(5) Erection of attached development and detached development Complying development specified for this code that is attached development or detached development may be carried out on a lot:
(a)  if a dwelling house exists on the lot—at any time, or
(b)  if there is a current development consent or complying development certificate for the construction of a dwelling house on the lot—before the construction of the dwelling house.
Note 1.
 Attached development, battle-axe lot, building line, detached development, development consent and dwelling house are defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 Basement and secondary dwelling have the same meanings as they have in the Standard Instrument.
Note 3.
 Complying development certificate has the same meaning as it has in the Act.
Note 4.
 Clauses 1.17A, 1.18 and 1.19 (1) and Schedules 3 and 5 of this Policy contain additional requirements for complying development.
3.2   Development that is not complying development under this code
The following development is not complying development under this code:
(a)  the erection or alteration of, or an addition to, a roof terrace on the top most roof of a building,
(b)  development that is complying development under the Housing Alterations Code,
(c)  development that is attached to a secondary dwelling or group home,
(d)  the erection of a building over a registered easement,
(e)  the construction of a basement that will have an area that exceeds the limits shown in the following table:
Lot width measured at the building line
Maximum area of basement
6–10m
25m2
>10m
45m2
(f)  the erection of a common wall,
(g)  the alteration of, or an addition to, a garage or carport that is located forward of the building line.
Note 1.
 Attached, building line, common wall and Housing Alterations Code are defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 Basement, building, group home and secondary dwelling have the same meanings as they have in the Standard Instrument.
3.3   Determining lot type
(1)  In this code, a reference to a lot is a reference to any of the following lots:
(a)  standard lot,
(b)  corner lot,
(c)  parallel road lot,
(d)  battle-axe lot.
Note 1.
 Battle-axe lot, corner lot, lane, parallel road lot, setback and standard lot are defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 A lot that adjoins a lane is not a parallel road lot or a corner lot. The lot type depends on which other roads it fronts (if any).
 
 
(2)  A battle-axe lot has 3 side boundaries and a rear boundary. The rear boundary is opposite the boundary to which the front of the dwelling house faces.
Division 2 General standards relating to land type
3.4   Complying development on bush fire prone land
(1)  This clause does not apply to the following complying development under this code:
(a)  non-habitable detached development that is more than 10m from any dwelling house,
(b)  landscaped areas,
(c)  non-combustible fences,
(d)  swimming pools.
(2)  If complying development under this code is carried out on bush fire prone land, the following development standards also apply in addition to any other development standards:
(a)  the development will not be carried out on any part of the lot that is bush fire attack level-40 (BAL-40) or in the flame zone (BAL-FZ),
(b)  the lot on which the development is to be carried out must have direct access to a public road or a road vested in or maintained by the council,
(c)  the dwelling house must be able to be connected to mains electricity,
(d)  if reticulated or bottled gas is installed and maintained on the lot:
(i)  it must be installed and maintained in accordance with AS/NZS 1596:2008, The storage and handling of LP Gas, and
(ii)  the storage and handling of any LP gas on the lot must comply with the requirements of the relevant authorities (including the use of metal piping),
(e)  any gas cylinder stored on the lot within 10m of any dwelling house must:
(i)  have its release valves directed away from the dwelling house, and
(ii)  be enclosed on the hazard side of the installation, and
(iii)  have metal connections to and from the cylinder,
(f)  there must not be any polymer sheathed flexible gas supply lines to gas meters adjacent to the dwelling house,
(g)  if the development is carried out on a lot in Zone RU5, there must be:
(i)  a reticulated water supply connection to the lot and a fire hydrant within 60m of any part of the development, or
(ii)  a 10,000 L capacity water tank on the lot,
(h)  if the development is carried out on a lot in any zone other than Zone RU5, there must be:
(i)  a reticulated water supply connection to the lot, and
(ii)  a fire hydrant within 60m of any part of the development,
(i)  the development must comply with the requirements of all of the following:
(i)  Planning for Bush Fire Protection (ISBN 0 9751033 2 6) published by the NSW Rural Fire Service in December 2006,
(ii)  Addendum: Appendix 3 (published by NSW Rural Fire Service in 2010) to Planning for Bush Fire Protection (ISBN 0 9751033 2 6),
(iii)  AS 3959–2009, Construction of buildings in bushfire-prone areas,
(iv)  any other document required by the Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000 (in accordance with section 4.14 of the Act).
Note 1.
 Attached development, bush fire attack level-40 (BAL-40), council, detached, dwelling house and flame zone (BAL-FZ) are defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 Bush fire prone land, landscaped area, road and swimming pool have the same meanings as they have in the Standard Instrument.
(3)  A development standard specified in subclause (2) (a) is satisfied if the council or a person who is recognised by the NSW Rural Fire Service as a suitably qualified consultant in bush fire risk assessment certifies that the development is not in bush fire attack level-40 (BAL-40) or the flame zone (BAL-FZ).
3.5   Complying development on flood control lots
(1)  Development under this code must not be carried out on any part of a flood control lot, other than a part of the lot that the council or a professional engineer who specialises in hydraulic engineering has certified, for the purposes of the issue of the relevant complying development certificate, as not being any of the following:
(a)  a flood storage area,
(b)  a floodway area,
(c)  a flow path,
(d)  a high hazard area,
(e)  a high risk area.
(2)  If complying development under this code is carried out on any part of a flood control lot, the following development standards also apply in addition to any other development standards:
(a)  if there is a minimum floor level adopted in a development control plan by the relevant council for the lot, the development must not cause any habitable room in the dwelling house to have a floor level lower than that floor level,
(b)  any part of the dwelling house or any attached development or detached development that is erected at or below the flood planning level is constructed of flood compatible material,
(c)  any part of the dwelling house and any attached development or detached development that is erected is able to withstand the forces exerted during a flood by water, debris and buoyancy up to the flood planning level (or if an on-site refuge is provided on the lot, the probable maximum flood level),
(d)  the development must not result in increased flooding elsewhere in the floodplain,
(e)  the lot must have pedestrian and vehicular access to a readily accessible refuge at a level equal to or higher than the lowest habitable floor level of the dwelling house,
(f)  vehicular access to the dwelling house will not be inundated by water to a level of more than 0.3m during a 1:100 ARI (average recurrent interval) flood event,
(g)  the lot must not have any open car parking spaces or carports lower than the level of a 1:20 ARI (average recurrent interval) flood event.
(3)  The requirements under subclause (2) (c) and (d) are satisfied if a joint report by a professional engineer specialising in hydraulic engineering and a professional engineer specialising in civil engineering states that the requirements are satisfied.
(4)  A word or expression used in this clause has the same meaning as it has in the Floodplain Development Manual, unless it is otherwise defined in this Policy.
(5)  In this clause:
flood compatible material means building materials and surface finishes capable of withstanding prolonged immersion in water.
flood planning level means:
(a)  the flood planning level adopted by a local environmental plan applying to the lot, or
(b)  if a flood planning level is not adopted by a local environmental plan applying to the lot, the flood planning level adopted in a development control plan by the relevant council for the lot.
Floodplain Development Manual means the Floodplain Development Manual (ISBN 0 7347 5476 0) published by the NSW Government in April 2005.
flow path means a flow path identified in the council’s flood study or floodplain risk management study carried out in accordance with the Floodplain Development Manual.
high hazard area means a high hazard area identified in the council’s flood study or floodplain risk management study carried out in accordance with the Floodplain Development Manual.
high risk area means a high risk area identified in the council’s flood study or floodplain risk management study carried out in accordance with the Floodplain Development Manual.
Note 1.
 Council, flood control lot, habitable room and professional engineer are defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 A section 10.7 certificate from a Council will state whether or not a lot is a flood control lot.
3.6   Development standards for land near Siding Spring Observatory
(1)  If complying development under this code is carried out on land in the local government area of Coonamble, Gilgandra, Warrumbungle Shire or that part of the local government area of Dubbo Regional that was formerly in the City of Dubbo, the development standards in this clause also apply in addition to any other development standards.
(2)  Complying development specified for this code may only be carried out if it does not result in a dwelling house on land in the local government area of:
(a)  Coonamble, Gilgandra, Warrumbungle Shire or that part of the local government area of Dubbo Regional that was formerly in the City of Dubbo with an outside light fitting other than a shielded light fitting, and
(b)  Coonamble, Gilgandra or Warrumbungle Shire with more than 7 shielded outside light fittings or more than 5 such light fittings that are not automatic light fittings.
(3)  This clause ceases to have effect on 1 January 2021.
Note.
 Under clause 3D.1, the Inland Code will apply exclusively to land to which this clause applies on and from 1 January 2021.
Division 3 Development standards for dwelling houses and attached development
Subdivision 1 Application of Division
3.7   Application of Division
This Division sets out the development standards that apply to the erection or alteration of, or an addition to, a dwelling house and any attached development that is complying development under this code.
Subdivision 2 Built form development standards for dwelling houses and attached development
3.8   Maximum building height
The maximum height for a dwelling house and any attached development is 8.5m above ground level (existing).
Note 1.
 Attached development and dwelling house are defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 Ground level (existing) is defined in the Standard Instrument as the existing level of a site at any point.
 
3.9   Maximum gross floor area of all buildings
(1)  The maximum gross floor area of all buildings on a lot is shown in the following table:
Lot area
Maximum GFA
200m2–250m2
78% of lot area
>250m2–300m2
75% of lot area
>300m2–350m2
235m2
>350m2–450m2
25% of lot area + 150m2
>450m2–560m2
290m2
>560m2–600m2
25% of lot area + 150m2
>600m2–740m2
335m2
>740m2–900m2
25% of lot area + 150m2
>900m2–920m2
380m2
>920m2–1,000m2
25% of lot area + 150m2
>1,000m2
400m2
(2)  When calculating the lot size of a battle-axe lot, the area of the access laneway is excluded.
Note.
 Battle-axe lot and gross floor area are defined in clause 1.5.
3.10   Minimum setbacks and maximum height and length of boundary walls
(1) Primary road setbacks The setback of a dwelling house and any attached development from a primary road must not be less than the average setback from the primary road of the 2 nearest dwelling houses on the same side of the primary road.
Note.
 Clause 3.11 contains certain exclusions from, and exceptions to, the setbacks in this clause.
(2)  For the purpose of determining the setbacks from the primary road of the 2 nearest dwellings, the following are not to be included:
(a)  dwelling houses on battle-axe lots,
(b)  any attached development or detached development on other lots,
(c)  building elements in the articulation zone.
(3)  If there are not 2 dwelling houses within 40m of the lot on the same side of the primary road, the dwelling house and any attached development must have a minimum setback from the primary road as shown in the following table:
Lot size
Minimum setback from primary road
200m2–300m2
3m
>300m2–900m2
4.5m
>900m2–1,500m2
6.5m
>1,500m2
10m
(4) Side setbacks The following buildings must have a minimum setback from a side boundary as shown in the table to this subclause:
(a)  a dwelling house,
(b)  a carport or garage,
(c)  a balcony, deck, patio, pergola, terrace or verandah,
(d)  a cabana, cubby house, garden shed, gazebo, fernery, greenhouse or shed.
Lot width at the building line
Building height at any point
Minimum required setback from each side boundary
6m–10m
0m–5.5m
900mm
6m–10m
>5.5m–8.5m
(building height–5.5m) ÷ 4 + 0.9m
>10m–18m
0m–4.5m
900mm
>10m–18m
>4.5m–8.5m
(building height–4.5m) ÷ 4 + 0.9m
>18m–24m
0m–4.5m
1.5m
>18m–24m
>4.5m–8.5m
(building height–4.5m) ÷ 4 + 1.5m
>24m
0m–8.5m
2.5m
(5) Exceptions to side setbacks Despite subclause (4), a building referred to in that subclause may be built to 1 or both side boundaries if:
(a)  the lot is not a corner lot, and
(b)  the lot width measured at the building line is at least 6m, but not more than 8m, and
(c)  if there is a building wall on the adjoining lot within 900mm of that boundary—that wall is of masonry construction and does not have a window facing that boundary, and
(d)  any wall erected within 900mm of a side boundary will not contain a door, window or any other opening.
(6)  Despite subclause (4), a building referred to in that subclause may be built to 1 side boundary if:
(a)  the lot width measured at the building line is more than 8m, but not more than 12.5m, and
(b)  any building wall on the adjoining lot within 900mm of that boundary is of masonry construction and does not have a window facing that boundary, and
(c)  any wall erected within 900mm of the side boundary will not contain a door, window or any other opening.
(7) Maximum height of walls within 900mm of side boundary The height of a wall erected within 900mm of a side boundary must not exceed:
(a)  3.3m above ground level (existing), or
(b)  if there is a building wall on the adjoining lot within 900mm of that boundary that is higher than 3.3m—the height of that wall, but not more than 8.5m, or
(c)  if the building on the adjoining lot is subject to the same complying development certificate under clause 126 (4) of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000—the height of the wall on the adjoining lot, but not more than 8.5m.
(8) Maximum length of walls within 900mm of side boundary The length of all walls within 900mm of a side boundary must not exceed the length shown in the following table:
Lot width at the building line
Maximum length of built to boundary wall
6m–10m
20m or 50% of the depth of the lot, whichever is the lesser
>10m–12.5m
10m
(9)  Despite subclause (8), the maximum length of a wall erected within 900mm of a side boundary is:
(a)  if there is a building wall on the adjoining lot within 900mm of that boundary that is longer than the maximum length calculated under subclause (8)—the length of that wall, or
(b)  if the building on the adjoining lot is subject to the same complying development certificate under clause 126 (4) of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000—the length of the wall on the adjoining lot.
Note.
 A wall built within 900mm of a wall on an adjoining lot is subject to clause 3.32 (Protecting adjoining walls) in Division 4.
(10) Rear setbacks The following buildings on a lot (other than a lot that only has 3 boundaries) must have a minimum setback from the rear boundary as shown in the table to this subclause:
(a)  a dwelling house,
(b)  a carport or garage,
(c)  a balcony, deck, patio, pergola, terrace or verandah,
(d)  a cabana, cubby house, garden shed, gazebo, fernery, greenhouse or shed.
Note.
 Certain exceptions to the rear setbacks apply if the lot has a rear boundary with a lane (see clause 3.11 (5)).
Lot area
Building height
Minimum setback from rear boundary
200m2–300m2
0m–4.5m
3m
200m2–300m2
>4.5m–8.5m
10m or the average rear setback of the 2 adjoining dwelling houses, measured at 4.5m above ground level (existing), whichever is the lesser
>300m2–900m2
0m–4.5m
3m
>300m2–900m2
>4.5m–8.5m
8m
>900m2–1,500m2
0m–4.5m
5m
>900m2–1,500m2
>4.5m–8.5m
12m
>1,500m2
0m–4.5m
10m
>1,500m2
>4.5m–8.5m
15m
 
(11) Secondary road setbacks for corner lots Despite any other standard for a setback specified by this clause, a dwelling house and any attached development must have a minimum setback from a boundary with a secondary road as shown in the following table:
Lot size
Minimum setback from secondary road boundary
200m2–600m2
2m
>600m2–1,500m2
3m
>1,500m2
5m
(12) Parallel road setbacks for parallel road lots Despite any other standard for a setback specified by this clause, a dwelling house and any attached development must have a setback from a boundary with a parallel road of at least 3m.
Note.
 Certain types of attached development may be built within the parallel road setback (see clause 3.11 (6)).
 
(13) Classified road setbacks Despite any other standard for a setback specified by this clause, a dwelling house and any attached development must have a setback from a boundary with a classified road of at least:
(a)  the setback for a dwelling house from a classified road specified by another environmental planning instrument applying to the land, or
(b)  if no setback is specified—9m.
(14) Public reserve setbacks Despite any other standard for a setback specified by this clause, a dwelling house and any cabana, cubby house, garden shed, gazebo, fernery, greenhouse or shed must have a setback from a boundary with a public reserve of at least 3m.
(15) Front setbacks for battle-axe lots A dwelling house and any attached development on a battle-axe lot must have a setback from the rear boundary of the lot that is in front of the battle-axe lot of at least 3m.
Note 1.
 Articulation zone, attached development, battle-axe lot, boundary wall, building element, building line, detached development, dwelling house, lane, primary road, setback and standard lot are defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 Building height, classified road and ground level (existing) have the same meanings as they have in the Standard Instrument.
Note 3.
 Complying development certificate has the same meaning as it has in the Act.
3.11   Exceptions to setbacks
(1) Development to which side and rear setbacks do not apply The setback standards specified in clause 3.10 (4) and (10) do not apply to the following:
(a)  downpipes,
(b)  driveways,
(c)  electricity or gas meters,
(d)  fascias,
(e)  gutters,
(f)  light fittings,
(g)  pathways and paving.
(2) Development to which side and rear setbacks do not apply if 450mm from boundary The setback standards specified in clause 3.10 (4) and (10) do not apply to the following if they are at least 450mm from the relevant boundary:
(a)  aerials,
(b)  antennae,
(c)  awnings,
(d)  chimneys,
(e)  cooling or heating appliances,
(f)  eaves,
(g)  flues,
(h)  pipes,
(i)  privacy screens,
(j)  rainwater tanks greater than 1.8m in height,
(k)  structures associated with the provision of a utility service.
(3) Road setbacks do not apply to eaves within 1m The setback standards specified in clause 3.10 (1), (3), (11), (12) and (13) do not apply to eaves if they are within 1m of the dwelling house.
(4) Development to which road setbacks do not apply The setback standards specified in clause 3.10 (1), (3), (11), (12) and (13) do not apply to the following:
(a)  driveways,
(b)  pathways and paving,
(c)  retaining walls,
(d)  any building elements that are permitted within a primary or secondary articulation zone.
(5) Lots with rear lanes Despite clause 3.10 (10), if the lot has a rear boundary with a lane, the building may be erected within 900mm of, or abut, the rear boundary for a maximum of 50% of the length of that boundary.
(6) Certain attached development may be built within parallel road setback Despite clause 3.10 (12), a cabana, cubby house, fernery, garden shed, gazebo, greenhouse or shed may be built within 3m of, or abut, a parallel road boundary for a maximum of 50% of the length of that boundary if the parallel road is not a classified road.
(7) Setbacks do not apply to existing parts of dwelling house or attached development The setback standards specified in clause 3.10 do not apply to any existing parts of a dwelling house or attached development that will remain on the lot after the complying development is carried out.
Note 1.
 Articulation zone, attached development, dwelling house, primary road and setback are defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 Classified road and public reserve have the same meanings as they have in the Standard Instrument.
Note 3.
 Environmental planning instrument has the same meaning as it has in the Act.
3.12   Other development standards for balconies, decks, patios, terraces and verandahs attached to side or rear of dwelling house
(1)  The erection of a balcony, deck, patio, terrace or verandah that is attached to the side or rear elevation of a dwelling house is only permitted on a lot if:
(a)  the area of the lot is more than 300m2, and
(b)  the width of the lot, measured at the building line, is more than 10m.
(2)  The maximum height of the floor level of the balcony, deck, patio, terrace or verandah is the height shown in the following table:
Setback from the side or rear boundary
Maximum permitted floor level above ground level (existing)
<3m
2m
3m–6m
3m
>6m
4m
(3)  The total floor area of all attached side or rear balconies, decks, patios, terraces and verandahs that, after the completion of the development:
(a)  are within 6m from a side or rear boundary, and
(b)  have a finished floor level of more than 2m above ground level (existing),
must not be more than 12m2.
Note 1.
 Attached, building line, dwelling house and floor area are defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 Ground level (existing) has the same meaning as it has in the Standard Instrument.
Note 3.
 A balcony, deck, patio, terrace or verandah may require a privacy screen—see clause 3.15.
Subdivision 3 Landscape development standards for dwelling houses and attached development
3.13   Minimum landscaped area
(1)  The minimum landscaped area that must be provided on a lot is shown in the following table:
Lot area
Minimum landscaped area
200m2–300m2
10% of lot area
>300m2–450m2
15% of lot area
>450m2–600m2
20% of lot area
>600m2–900m2
30% of lot area
>900m2–1,500m2
40% of lot area
>1,500m2
45% of lot area
(2)  Each landscaped area must have a minimum width and length of 1.5m.
(3)  The minimum landscaped area calculated in accordance with subclause (1) must be provided as follows:
(a)  if the lot width measured at the building line is 18m or less—25% of the area forward of the building line must be landscaped,
(b)  if the lot width measured at the building line is more than 18m—50% of the area forward of the building line must be landscaped,
(c)  50% of the minimum landscaped area must be located behind the building line.
(4)  The minimum area of principal private open space that must be provided on a lot is shown in the following table:
Lot width (measured at the building line)
Minimum principal private open space
6m–10m
16m2
>10m
24m2
(4A)  The principal private open space must:
(a)  be at least 3m wide and 3m long, and
(b)  not be steeper than 1:50 gradient.
(5)  This clause does not apply to complying development that is the alteration of, or an addition to, a dwelling house or attached development if the development does not:
(a)  increase the footprint of the dwelling house or attached development, or
(b)  decrease the landscaped area on the lot.
Note 1.
 Building line and principal private open space are defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 Landscaped area has the same meaning as it has in the Standard Instrument.
 
Subdivision 4 Amenity development standards for dwelling houses and attached development
3.14   Building design
(1)  This clause applies to the erection of a dwelling house on a lot, other than a battle-axe lot.
(2)  The dwelling house must contain the following building elements:
(a)  at least 1 door and 1 window to a habitable room at ground floor level facing the primary road, or
(b)  at least 1 door and 1 window to a habitable room at ground floor level facing any parallel road.
(3) Primary road frontage A dwelling house with a setback from a primary road of at least 3m may have an articulation zone that extends up to 1.5m forward of the minimum required setback from the primary road.
(4)  The following building elements may be located in the articulation zone:
(a)  an entry feature or portico,
(b)  a balcony, deck, pergola, terrace or verandah,
(c)  a window box treatment,
(d)  a bay window or similar feature,
(e)  an awning or other feature over a window,
(f)  a sun shading feature,
(g)  an eave.
(5)  The maximum total area of all building elements in the articulation zone, other than a building element specified in subclause (4) (e), (f) or (g), must not comprise more than 25% of the area of the articulation zone.
(6) Maximum height of building elements A building element on a dwelling house (other than an entry feature or portico that has the same pitch as the roof on the dwelling house) must not extend:
(a)  more than 1m above the gutter line of the eaves of a single storey dwelling house, or
(b)  above the gutter line of the eaves of a 2 storey dwelling house.
(7) Secondary road frontage on corner lots A dwelling house on a corner lot must have a window to a habitable room with an area of at least 1m2 that faces and is visible from the secondary road.
(8)  A dwelling house with a setback from a secondary road of not more than 4.5m must have at least one of the following building elements for a minimum length of 20% of the elevation of the walls that face the secondary road and that are within 4.5m of the secondary road:
(a)  an entry feature or portico,
(b)  a balcony, deck, pergola, terrace or verandah,
(c)  a bay window,
(d)  a step of at least 600mm in depth.
(9)  Building elements listed in subclause (8) may be located in a secondary road articulation zone if:
(a)  the zone extends no more than 1m into the minimum required setback area and spans the length of the walls that face the secondary road, and
(b)  the building element comprises no more than 20% of the zone area.
(10)  Any part of a gable or hipped roof that overhangs walls that are within 4.5m of the secondary road boundary must include eaves that extend for the length of those walls and project at least 450mm, but not more than 1m from those walls.
Note 1.
 Articulation zone, battle-axe lot, building element, corner lot, dwelling house, habitable room, parallel road, parallel road lot, primary road, secondary road and setback are defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 Storey is defined in the Standard Instrument as a space within a building that is situated between one floor level and the floor level next above, or if there is no floor above, the ceiling or roof above, but does not include:
(a)  a space that contains only a lift shaft, stairway or meter room, or
(b)  a mezzanine, or
(c)  an attic.
3.15   Privacy screens for windows and certain attached development
(1)  A privacy screen must be provided for any part of a window to a habitable room that is less than 1.5m above the finished floor level of that room if:
(a)  the window faces and is less than 3m from a side or rear boundary and the room has a finished floor level of more than 1m above ground level (existing), or
(b)  the window faces and is at least 3m, but not more than 6m, from a side or rear boundary and the room has a finished floor level of more than 3m above ground level (existing).
(2)  Subclause (1) does not apply to a bedroom window that has an area of not more than 2m2.
(3)  A privacy screen of at least 1.7m, but not more than 2.2m, above the finished floor level of a balcony, deck, patio, terrace or verandah must be installed at the edge of that part of the balcony, deck, patio, terrace or verandah that is parallel to or faces towards the relevant side or rear boundary if the area of the balcony, deck, patio, terrace or verandah is at least 3m2 and:
(a)  that edge is less than 3m from a side or rear boundary and the balcony, deck, patio, terrace or verandah has a finished floor level of more than 1m above ground level (existing), or
(b)  that edge is at least 3m, but not more than 6m from a side or rear boundary and the balcony, deck, patio, terrace or verandah has a finished floor level of more than 2m above ground level (existing).
(4) Clause does not apply to existing parts of dwelling house or attached development This clause does not apply to any existing parts of a dwelling house or attached development that will remain on the lot after the complying development is carried out.
Note 1.
 Habitable room and privacy screen are defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 Ground level (existing) has the same meaning as it has in the Standard Instrument.
 
3.16   Car parking and vehicle access requirements
(1)  At least 1 off-street car parking space, being an open hard stand space or a carport or garage, must be provided on a lot unless:
(a)  the lot has a width of less than 8m measured at the building line, or
(b)  the complying development is the alteration of, or an addition to, a dwelling house and the lot does not contain an off-street car parking space, or
(c)  the complying development is the erection or alteration of, or an addition to, attached development and the lot does not contain an off-street car parking space.
(2)  All off-street car parking spaces and vehicle access must comply with AS 2890.1:2004, Parking facilities—Off-street car parking.
(3)  The off-street car parking space for a battle-axe lot must be constructed so that vehicles can leave the lot in a forward direction.
(4)  An attached garage may only be erected on a lot that has a width of less than 8m measured at the building line if the garage is accessed only from a secondary road, parallel road or lane.
(5)  An attached garage, carport or car parking space accessed from a primary road must have a minimum setback as shown in the following table:
Setback of dwelling house from primary road
Minimum off-street parking setback from primary road
<4.5m
5.5m
>4.5m
1m or more behind the building line of the dwelling house
(6)  The maximum width of all garage door openings facing a primary, secondary or parallel road is shown in the following table:
Lot width
Maximum width of garage door openings
8m–12m
3.2m
>12m
6m
Note 1.
 Attached, battle-axe lot, building line, detached, hard stand space, lane, parallel road, primary road, secondary road and setback are defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 Clause 2.28 applies to the construction or installation of a driveway as exempt development.
Note 3.
 Alterations or additions to a garage or carport that is forward of the building line is not complying development under this code (see clause 3.2 (1) (g)).
Division 4 Development standards for detached development
Subdivision 1 Application of Division
3.17   Application of Division
This Division sets out the development standards that apply to the erection of detached development and to the alteration of, or an addition to, detached development under this code.
Subdivision 2 Built form development standards for detached development (other than swimming pools and fences)
3.18   Maximum height
The maximum height for any detached development is 4.5m above ground level (existing).
Note 1.
 Detached development is defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 Ground level (existing) is defined in the Standard Instrument as the existing level of a site at any point.
3.19   Maximum gross floor area of all buildings on lot
(1)  The maximum gross floor area of all buildings on a lot is shown in the following table:
Lot area
Maximum GFA
200m2–250m2
78% of lot area
>250m2–300m2
75% of lot area
>300m2–350m2
235m2
>350m2–450m2
25% of lot area + 150m2
>450m2–560m2
290m2
>560m2–600m2
25% of lot area + 150m2
>600m2–740m2
335m2
>740m2–900m2
25% of lot area + 150m2
>900m2–920m2
380m2
>920m2–1,000m2
25% of lot area + 150m2
>1,000m2
400m2
(2)  When calculating the lot size of a battle-axe lot, the area of the access laneway is excluded.
Note.
 Battle-axe lot is defined in clause 1.5.
3.20   Maximum gross floor area of certain detached development
The maximum gross floor area of all of the following detached development on a lot is shown in the table to this clause:
(a)  a deck, patio, pergola, terrace or verandah,
(b)  a cabana, cubby house, fernery, garden shed, gazebo or greenhouse,
(c)  a carport or garage,
(d)  a shed.
Lot size
Maximum gross floor area
<300m2
36m2
>300m2–600m2
45m2
>600m2–900m2
60m2
>900m2
100m2
Note.
 The maximum gross floor area of detached studios is set out in clause 3.25.
3.21   Minimum setbacks and maximum height and length of built to boundary walls
(1) Primary and secondary road setbacks Detached development (other than a detached garage or carport) must be located behind the building line of a dwelling house that is adjacent to any primary road or secondary road.
Note 1.
 Primary and secondary road setbacks for detached garages and carports are set out in clause 3.23.
Note 2.
 Clause 3.26 contains certain exclusions from, and exceptions to, the setbacks specified in this clause.
(2) Side setbacks Detached development that is any of the following must have a minimum setback from the side boundary of a lot as shown in the table to this subclause:
(a)  a deck, patio, pergola, terrace or verandah,
(b)  a cabana, cubby house, fernery, garden shed, gazebo or greenhouse,
(c)  a carport or garage,
(d)  a rainwater tank (above ground),
(e)  a shade structure or a shed.
Lot width at the building line
Minimum setback from each side boundary
6m–18m
900mm
>18m–24m
1.5m
>24m
2.5m
Note.
 Side boundary setbacks for detached studios are set out in clause 3.25.
(3) Built to boundary setbacks Despite subclause (2), detached development that is referred to in that subclause may be built to 1 or both side boundaries if:
(a)  the lot is not a corner lot, and
(b)  the lot width measured at the building line is at least 6m, but not more than 8m, and
(c)  if there is a building wall on the adjoining lot within 900mm of that boundary—that wall is of masonry construction and does not have a window facing that boundary, and
(d)  any wall erected within 900mm of a side boundary will not contain a door, window or any other opening.
(4)  Despite subclause (2), detached development that is referred to in that subclause may be built to 1 side boundary if:
(a)  the lot width measured at the building line is more than 8m, but not more than 12.5m, and
(b)  any building wall on the adjoining lot within 900mm of that boundary is of masonry construction and does not have a window facing that boundary, and
(c)  any wall erected within 900mm of the side boundary will not contain a door, window or any other opening.
(5) Maximum height of built to boundary walls The height of a wall erected within 900mm of a side boundary must not exceed:
(a)  3.3m above ground level (existing), or
(b)  if there is a building wall on the adjoining lot within 900mm of that boundary that is higher than 3.3m—the height of that wall, but not more than 4.5m, or
(c)  if the building on the adjoining lot is subject to the same complying development certificate under clause 126 (4) of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000—the height of the wall on the adjoining lot, but not more than 4.5m.
(6) Maximum length of built to boundary walls The length of all walls within 900mm of a side boundary must not exceed the length shown in the following table:
Lot width at the building line
Maximum length of built to boundary wall
6m–10m
20m or 50% of the depth of the lot, whichever is the lesser
>10m–12.5m
10m
(7)  Despite subclause (6), the length of a wall erected within 900mm of a side boundary must not exceed:
(a)  if the length of the built to boundary wall on the adjoining lot is longer than the maximum length calculated under subclause (6)—the length of that wall, or
(b)  if the building on the adjoining lot is subject to the same complying development certificate under clause 126 (4) of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000—the length of the wall on the adjoining lot.
Note.
 A wall built within 900mm of a wall on an adjoining lot is subject to clause 3.32 (Protecting adjoining walls) in Division 4.
(8) Rear setbacks Detached development that is any of the following must have a minimum setback from the rear boundary of a lot as shown in the table to this subclause:
(a)  a cabana, cubby house, fernery, garden shed, gazebo or greenhouse,
(b)  a rainwater tank (above ground),
(c)  a shade structure or a shed.
Lot area
Minimum setback from rear boundary
200m2–900m2
0.9m
>900m2–1,500m2
1.5m
>1,500m2
2.5m
Note.
 Rear setbacks for detached garages and carports, detached decks, patios, pergolas, terraces and verandahs and detached studios are set out in clauses 3.23, 3.24 and 3.25, respectively.
(9) Parallel road setbacks for parallel road lots Detached development on a lot must have a minimum setback from a parallel road of 3m.
Note.
 Clause 3.26 (4) contains exceptions to this setback for certain types of detached development.
 
(10) Setbacks from classified roads Despite any standard for a setback specified by this clause, detached development must have a setback from a boundary with a classified road of at least:
(a)  the setback for a dwelling house from a classified road specified by any other environmental planning instrument applying to the land, or
(b)  if no setback is specified—9m.
(11) Setbacks from public reserves Despite any standard for a setback specified by this clause, the following detached development must have a setback from a boundary with a public reserve of at least 3m:
(a)  a cabana, cubby house, fernery, garden shed, gazebo or greenhouse,
(b)  a carport or garage,
(c)  a deck, patio, pergola, terrace or verandah,
(d)  a rainwater tank (above ground),
(e)  a shade structure or shed.
3.22   Heritage conservation areas
(1)  Detached development may not be erected on a lot in a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area if the lot adjoins a lane, a secondary road or a parallel road.
(2)  If the lot does not adjoin a lane, a secondary road or a parallel road, detached development (other than a detached studio) may be erected on the lot in a heritage conservation area or draft heritage conservation area if it:
(a)  is located behind the rear building line of the dwelling house, and
(b)  is no closer to the side boundaries than the dwelling house, and
(c)  has a gross floor area of not more than 20m2.
Note.
 Building line, dwelling house, gross floor area, heritage conservation area, lane, parallel road and secondary road are defined in clause 1.5.
3.23   Other development standards for detached garages and carports
(1) Car parking and vehicle access requirements All off-street car parking spaces and vehicle access must comply with AS 2890.1:2004, Parking facilities—Off-street car parking.
(2)  The off-street car parking space for a battle-axe lot must be constructed so that vehicles can leave the lot in a forward direction.
(3)  A detached garage or carport may only be erected on a lot that has a width of less than 8m at the building line if the only vehicular access to the lot is from a secondary road, a parallel road or a lane.
(4)    (Repealed)
(5) Primary road setbacks A detached garage or carport that is accessed from a primary road must have a minimum setback as shown in the following table:
Primary road setback of dwelling house
Minimum required garage or carport setback from primary road
<4.5m
5.5m
4.5m or more
At least 1m behind the building line of the dwelling house
(6) Secondary road setbacks A detached garage or carport on a corner lot must have a minimum setback from the secondary road as shown in the following table:
Lot size
Minimum setback from primary road
200m2–600m2
2m
>600m2–1,500m2
3m
>1,500m2
5m
(7) Rear setbacks A detached garage or carport must have a minimum setback from the rear boundary as shown in the following table:
Lot area
Minimum setback from rear boundary
>200m2–900m2
900mm
>900m2–1,500m2
1.5m
>1,500m2
2.5m
(8) Built to rear boundary Despite subclause (7), a detached garage or carport of masonry construction may be built to the rear boundary if:
(a)  the lot area is at least 200m2, but not more than 300m2, and
(b)  the wall of a building on the adjoining lot within 900mm of that boundary (if any) is of masonry construction and does not have a window facing that boundary.
(9) Maximum width of garage doors The maximum width of all detached garage and carport door openings facing a primary, secondary or parallel road is shown in the following table:
Lot width at the building line
Maximum width of garage doors
8m–12m
3.2m
>12m
6m
Note 1.
 Battle-axe lot, boundary wall, building line, corner lot, detached, dwelling house, gross floor area, heritage conservation area, lane, parallel road, primary road, secondary road and setback are defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 Building height and ground level (existing) have the same meanings as they have in the Standard Instrument.
3.24   Other development standards for detached decks, patios, pergolas, terraces and verandahs
(1) Maximum finished floor level The maximum finished floor level for any detached deck, patio, pergola, terrace or verandah is 600mm above ground level (existing).
Note.
 Ground level (existing) has the same meaning as it has in the Standard Instrument.
(2) Rear setbacks A detached deck, patio, pergola, terrace or verandah must have a minimum setback from the rear boundary as shown in the following table:
Lot area
Minimum setback from rear boundary
>200m2–900m2
900mm
>900m2–1,500m2
1.5m
>1,500m2
2.5m
3.25   Other development standards for detached studios
(1)  There must only be 1 detached studio on the lot at the completion of the development.
(2) Maximum height Despite clause 3.18, if a detached studio is within 900mm of a lane and is above a garage, the maximum height is 6m above ground level (existing).
(3) Maximum gross floor area The maximum gross floor area of a detached studio is shown in the following table:
Lot size
Maximum gross floor area
Not more than 350m2
20m2
>350m2
36m2
(4) Side and rear boundary setbacks A detached studio must have a minimum setback from each side and rear boundary as shown in the following table:
Lot width at the building line
Minimum setback from each side and rear boundary
6m–18m
900mm
>18m
1.5m
(5) Lots with only 3 boundaries The rear setbacks specified in subclause (4) do not apply to a lot that only has 3 boundaries.
(6) Built to boundary setbacks Despite subclause (4), a detached studio that is within 900mm of a rear lane may be built to 1 or both side boundaries if:
(a)  the lot is not a corner lot, and
(b)  the lot width measured at the building line is at least 6m, but not more than 8m, and
(c)  if there is a building wall on the adjoining lot within 900mm of that boundary—that wall is of masonry construction and does not have a window facing that boundary, and
(d)  any wall erected within 900mm of a side boundary will not contain a door, window or any other opening.
(7)  Despite subclause (4), a detached studio that is within 900mm of a rear lane may be built to 1 side boundary if:
(a)  the lot width measured at the building line is more than 8m, but not more than 12.5m, and
(b)  any building wall on the adjoining lot within 900mm of that boundary is of masonry construction and does not have a window facing that boundary, and
(c)  any wall erected within 900mm of the side boundary will not contain a door, window or any other opening.
(8) Maximum height of built to boundary walls The height of a wall erected within 900mm of a side boundary must not exceed:
(a)  3.3m above ground level (existing), or
(b)  if the height of the built to boundary wall on the adjoining lot is higher than 3.3m—the height of that wall, but not more than 4.5m, or
(c)  if the building on the adjoining lot is subject to the same complying development certificate under clause 126 (4) of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000—the height of the wall on the adjoining lot, but not more than 4.5m, or
(d)  if the wall is part of a detached studio that is above a garage—the height of the built to boundary wall on the adjoining lot, but not more than 6m.
(9) Privacy screens A privacy screen must be provided for any part of a window in a detached studio that is less than 1.5m above the finished floor level of that room if:
(a)  the window faces and is less than 3m from a side or rear boundary and the room has a finished floor level more than 1m above ground level (existing), or
(b)  the window faces and is at least 3m, but not more than 6m from a side or rear boundary and the room has a finished floor level more than 3m above ground level (existing).
Note 1.
 Boundary wall, building line, detached, dwelling house, gross floor area, heritage conservation area, lane, parallel road, primary road, privacy screen, secondary road and setback are defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 Building height and ground level (existing) have the same meanings as they have in the Standard Instrument.
3.26   Exceptions to setbacks
(1) Development to which side and rear setbacks do not apply The side and rear setback standards specified in this Subdivision do not apply to the following:
(a)  downpipes,
(b)  driveways,
(c)  electricity or gas meters,
(d)  fascias,
(e)  fences,
(f)  gutters,
(g)  light fittings,
(h)  pathways and paving.
(2) Development to which side and rear setbacks do not apply if 450mm from boundary The side and rear setback standards specified in this Subdivision do not apply to the following if they are located at least 450mm from the relevant boundary:
(a)  aerials,
(b)  antennae,
(c)  awnings,
(d)  chimneys,
(e)  cooling or heating appliances,
(f)  eaves,
(g)  flues,
(h)  pipes,
(i)  rainwater tanks greater than 1.8m in height,
(j)  structures associated with the provision of a utility service.
(3) Development to which road setbacks do not apply The road setbacks specified in this Subdivision do not apply to the following:
(a)  driveways,
(b)  fences,
(c)  pathways and paving,
(d)  retaining walls.
(4) Rear boundaries with parallel roads or rear lanes Despite any rear setback specified in this Subdivision, if a lot has a rear boundary with a parallel road or lane, the following detached development may be erected within 3m of, or abut, the rear boundary for not more than 50% of the length of that boundary:
(a)  a cabana, cubby house, fernery, garden shed, gazebo or greenhouse,
(b)  a carport or garage,
(c)  a rainwater tank (above ground),
(d)  a shade structure or shed.
(5) Setbacks do not apply to existing parts of detached development The setback standards specified in this Subdivision do not apply to any existing parts of detached development that will remain on the lot after the complying development is carried out.
Note 1.
 Articulation zone, boundary wall, building line, dwelling house and setback are defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 Classified road, public reserve and rainwater tank have the same meanings as they have in the Standard Instrument.
Note 3.
 Complying development certificate has the same meaning as it has in the Act.
Subdivision 3 Landscape development standards for detached development (other than fences and child-resistant barriers)
3.27   Minimum landscaped area
(1)  The minimum landscaped area that must be provided on a lot is shown in the following table:
Lot area
Minimum landscaped area
200m2–300m2
10% of lot area
>300m2–450m2
15% of lot area
>450m2–600m2
20% of lot area
>600m2–900m2
30% of lot area
>900m2–1,500m2
40% of lot area
>1,500m2
45% of lot area
(2)  Each landscaped area must have a minimum width and length of 1.5m.
(3)  The minimum landscaped area calculated in accordance with subclause (1) must be provided as follows:
(a)  if the lot width measured at the building line is 18m or less—25% of the area forward of the building line must be landscaped,
(b)  if the lot width measured at the building line is more than 18m—50% of the area forward of the building line must be landscaped,
(c)  50% of the minimum landscaped area must be located behind the building line.
(4)  The minimum area of principal private open space that must be provided on a lot is shown in the following table:
Lot width (measured at the building line)
Minimum principal private open space
>6m–10m
16m2
>10m
24m2
(4A)  The principal private open space must:
(a)  be at least 3m wide and 3m long, and
(b)  not be steeper than 1:50 gradient.
(5)  This clause does not apply to complying development that is the alteration of, or addition to, detached development if the development does not:
(a)  increase the footprint of the detached development, or
(b)  decrease the landscaped area on the lot.
Note 1.
 Building line and principal private open space are defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 Landscaped area has the same meaning as it has in the Standard Instrument.
Subdivision 4 Built form development standards for swimming pools, fences and child-resistant barriers
3.28   Development standards for swimming pools
(1)  A swimming pool must be for private use and associated with a dwelling house.
(2)  Water from a swimming pool must be discharged in accordance with an approval under the Local Government Act 1993 if the lot is not connected to a sewer main.
(3)  The pump must be housed in an enclosure that is soundproofed.
(4) Height of coping and decking Coping around a swimming pool must not be more than:
(a)  1.4m above ground level (existing), and
(b)  300mm wide if the coping is more than 600mm above ground level (existing).
(5)  Decking around a swimming pool must not be more than 600mm above ground level (existing).
(6)  A swimming pool must be located behind the building line of the dwelling house.
(7)  The swimming pool water line must have a setback of at least 1m from a side or rear boundary.
(8) Heritage conservation areas Despite subclauses (6) and (7), if the swimming pool is being constructed in a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area the swimming pool must be located:
(a)  behind the building line of the dwelling house that is adjacent to the rear boundary of the lot, and
(b)  no closer to each side boundary than the dwelling house.
Note 1.
 Building line, dwelling house, heritage conservation area and setback are defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 Ground level (existing) and landscaped area have the same meanings as they have in the Standard Instrument.
Note 3.
 A child-resistant barrier must be constructed or installed in accordance with the requirements of the Swimming Pools Act 1992.
Note 4.
 Requirements relating to excavation for the purposes of a swimming pool are set out in clause 3.30.
3.29   Development standards for fences
(1)  A fence may be erected on a lot under this code if it is not constructed or installed:
(a)  on a lot, or along a common boundary of a lot that contains a heritage item or a draft heritage item, or
(b)  along the boundary of, or within the setback area of, a primary or secondary road within a heritage conservation area or draft heritage conservation area.
(2)  A fence erected behind the building line on a lot must:
(a)  not be higher than 1.8m above ground level (existing), and
(b)  not incorporate barbed wire in its construction or be electrified, and
(c)  if it includes an entrance gate—not have a gate that opens outward, and
(d)  if it is constructed of metal components—be of low reflective, factory pre-coloured materials, and
(e)  if it is on a sloping site and stepped to accommodate the fall in the land—be no higher than 2.2m above ground level (existing) at each step, and
(f)  be designed so as not to restrict the flow of any floodwater.
(3)  A fence erected forward of the building line on a lot must:
(a)  not be higher than 1.2m above ground level (existing), and
(b)  not incorporate barbed wire in its construction or be electrified, and
(c)  if it includes an entrance gate—not have a gate that opens outward, and
(d)  if it is constructed of metal components—be of low reflective, factory pre-coloured materials, and
(e)  be open for at least 20% of the area of the fence that is more than 400mm above ground level (existing), with any individual solid element of the fence above that height being no more than 350mm wide with a minimum aperture of 25mm, and
(f)  be designed so as not to restrict the flow of any floodwater.
(4)  Despite subclause (2) (a), any fence located in the setback area of a primary or secondary road must not be higher than 1.2m above ground level (existing).
(5)  A fence erected on bush fire prone land must be constructed of non-combustible material.
(6)  A requirement in subclause (2) (f) or (3) (f) is satisfied if a joint report by a professional engineer specialising in hydraulic engineering and a professional engineer specialising in civil engineering states that the requirement is satisfied.
Note 1.
 Building line, primary road, secondary road and setback are defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 Ground level (existing) and heritage item have the same meanings as they have in the Standard Instrument.
Note 2.
 Exempt development standards for fences in certain rural zones, environment protection zones and Zone R5 are specified in clause 2.36.
Division 5 Development standards for associated works including earthworks, retaining walls, drainage, protection of walls, protection of trees and conditions under complying development certificates
3.30   Earthworks, retaining walls and structural support
(1) Excavation Excavation for the purposes of development under this code must not exceed a maximum depth, measured from ground level (existing), of:
(a)  if located not more than 1m from any boundary—1m, and
(b)  if located more than 1m but not more than 1.5m from any boundary—2m, and
(c)  if located more than 1.5m from any boundary—3m.
(2)  Despite subclause (1), the excavation must not exceed a maximum depth, measured from ground level (existing), of 1m if the land is identified as Class 3 or 4 on an Acid Sulfate Soils Map or is within 40m of a waterbody (natural).
(3) Fill Fill must not exceed a maximum height, measured from ground level (existing), of:
(a)  if the fill is for the purposes of the erection or alteration of, or an addition to, a dwelling house under this code—1m, or
(b)  if the fill is for any other purpose under this code—600mm.
(4)  Despite subclause (3), the height of fill contained wholly within the footprint of a dwelling house or any attached development or detached development is not limited.
(5)  Fill that is higher than 150mm above ground level (existing) and is not contained wholly within the footprint of a dwelling house or any attached development or detached development is limited to 50% of the landscaped area of the lot.
(6)  The ground level (finished) of the fill must not be used to measure the height of any dwelling house or any attached development or detached development under this code.
(7) Retaining walls and structural supports Support for earthworks more than 600mm above or below ground level (existing) must take the form of a retaining wall or other structural support that:
(a)  a professional engineer has certified as structurally sound, including in relation to (but not limited to) the ability to withstand the forces of lateral soil load, and
(b)  has been designed so as not to redirect the flow of any surface water or ground water, or cause sediment to be transported, onto an adjoining property, and
(c)  has adequate drainage lines connected to the stormwater drainage system for the site, and
(d)  does not have a total height measured vertically from the base of the retaining wall or structural support to its uppermost portion that is more than the height of the associated excavation or fill, and
(e)  is separated from any other retaining wall or structural support on the site by at least 2m, measured horizontally, and
(f)  has been installed in accordance with any manufacturer’s specifications, and
(g)  if it is an embankment or batter—has a toe or top that is more than 1m from any side or rear boundary.
Note 1.
 Excavation, fill and ground level (existing) have the same meanings as they have in the Standard Instrument.
Note 2.
 Fill and excavation that is not associated with a building may be exempt development under clauses 2.29 and 2.30.
3.31   Drainage
All stormwater collecting as a result of the carrying out of development under this code must be directed by a gravity fed or charged system to:
(a)  a public drainage system, or
(b)  an inter-allotment drainage system, or
(c)  an on-site disposal system.
Note 1.
 Drainage has the same meaning as it has in the Standard Instrument.
Note 2.
 All stormwater drainage systems and connections to public drainage systems or inter-allotment drainage systems must either be approved under section 68 of the Local Government Act 1993 or comply with the requirements for the disposal of stormwater contained in the development control plan that is applicable to the land.
3.32   Protecting adjoining walls
Any wall constructed within 900mm of a lot boundary must be built in accordance with the support method proposed by the professional engineer’s report provided with the application for the complying development certificate.
Note 1.
 Professional engineer is defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 Complying development certificate has the same meaning as it has in the Act.
3.33   Setbacks of dwelling houses, attached development and detached development from protected trees
(1) Pruning and removal of trees A complying development certificate for complying development under Division 1 is taken to satisfy any requirement under this Policy for a permit or development consent to remove or prune a tree or other vegetation on the lot if:
(a)  the tree is not listed on a register of significant trees kept by the council, and
(b)  the tree or vegetation will be within 3m of any building that has an area of more than 25m2, and
(c)  the tree or vegetation has a height that is less than:
(i)  for development that is the erection of a dwelling house—8m and is not required to be retained as a condition of consent, or
(ii)  in any other case—6m.
(2) Setbacks from protected trees Development under this code must be at least 3m from each protected tree on the lot (measured from the base of the trunk of the tree).
(3)  Despite subclause (2), the following development can be located within 3m of a protected tree if works do not involve excavation or fill of more than 150mm below or above ground level (existing):
(a)  an access ramp,
(b)  a driveway, pathway or paving,
(c)  an awning, blind or canopy,
(d)  a fence, screen, or child-resistant barrier associated with a swimming pool or spa pool.
Note 1.
 Development consent, dwelling house and protected tree are defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 Council, excavation, fill, ground level (existing), spa pool and swimming pool have the same meanings as they have in the Standard Instrument.
Note 3.
 Complying development certificate has the same meaning as it has in the Act.
Note 4.
 A separate permit or development consent may be required if the branches or roots of a protected tree on the lot or on an adjoining lot are required to be pruned or removed.
3.34   Conditions applying to complying development certificates under this code
A complying development certificate for development under this code must be issued subject to the conditions specified in Schedule 6.
Note.
 Complying development certificate and environmental planning instrument have the same meanings as they have in the Act.
Part 3A Rural Housing Code
Note 1.
 Clause 1.18 (1) (b) states that to be complying development for the purposes of this Policy the development must be permissible with consent under an environmental planning instrument applying to the land on which the development is carried out.
Note 2.
 Schedule 3 contains variations to this code.
Note 3.
 In addition to the requirements specified for development under this code, adjoining owners’ property rights, the applicable common law and other legislative requirements for approvals, licences, permits and authorities still apply. For example, requirements relevant to development in this code may be contained in the Act, the Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000, various State environmental planning policies, the Protection of the Environment Operations Act 1997, the Roads Act 1993, the Swimming Pools Act 1992 and Acts applying to various infrastructure authorities. If the development is in proximity to infrastructure, including water, stormwater and sewer mains, electricity power lines and telecommunications facilities, the relevant infrastructure authority should be contacted before commencing the development.
Division 1 Development that is complying development under this code
3A.1   Land to which code applies
This code applies to development that is specified in clauses 3A.2–3A.5 on lots in Zones RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4, RU6 and R5.
3A.2   New single storey and two storey dwelling houses
(1)  The erection of a new single storey or two storey dwelling house is development specified for this code if the development is erected on a lot:
(a)  in Zone RU1, RU2, RU4 or RU6 that has an area of at least 4,000m2, or
(b)  in Zone R5.
(2)  This clause does not apply if the size of the lot is less than the minimum lot size for the erection of a dwelling house under the environmental planning instrument applying to the lot.
3A.2A   Calculating number of storeys
For the purposes of calculating under this code the number of storeys in a dwelling house, any basement (including a garage) is to be counted as a storey.
3A.3   Alterations or additions to existing single storey and two storey dwelling houses
(1)  Alterations or additions to an existing single storey or two storey dwelling house or the addition of a second storey to an existing single storey dwelling house is development specified for this code if the development is erected on a lot:
(a)  in Zone RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4 or RU6 that has an area of at least 4,000m2, or
(b)  in Zone R5.
(2)  Subclause (1) does not include development specified in the Housing Alterations Code.
3A.4   Roof terraces excluded
(1)    (Repealed)
(2)  The erection of a roof terrace on the topmost roof of:
(a)  an existing or a new dwelling house, or
(b)  an existing or a new outbuilding that is detached from a dwelling house,
is not development specified for this code.
3A.5   Ancillary development
(1)  The erection of new ancillary development, or alterations or additions to existing ancillary development, is development specified for this code if the development is ancillary to a dwelling house and erected on a lot:
(a)  in Zone RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4 or RU6 that has an area of at least 4,000m2, or
(b)  in Zone R5.
(2)  Subclause (1) does not include development specified in the Housing Alterations Code.
(3)  Ancillary development that is permitted by a current complying development certificate may be erected on a lot:
(a)  if a dwelling house exists on the lot—at any time, or
(b)  if there is a current development consent or complying development certificate for the construction of a dwelling house on the lot—before the construction of the dwelling house.
Note.
 See clause 1.19 (1) (a) in relation to development that is detached ancillary development or a swimming pool in a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area.
3A.6   Calculating lot area
For the purpose of calculating the area of a lot, the area of the access laneway is excluded if it is a battle-axe lot.
Division 2 Removal or pruning of trees
3A.7   When separate permits are not required under this Part
A complying development certificate for complying development under Division 1 is taken to satisfy any requirement under this Policy for a permit or development consent to remove or prune a tree or other vegetation on a lot if:
(a)  the tree is not listed on a significant tree register or register of significant trees kept by the council, and
(b)  the tree or vegetation will be within 3m of development that is a building that has an area of more than 25m2, and
(c)  the tree or vegetation has a height that is less than:
(i)  for development that is the erection of a new dwelling house—8m and is not required to be retained as a condition of consent to the subdivision of the lot, or
(ii)  for any other development—6m.
Division 3 Development standards for this code
Subdivision 1 Application
3A.8   Application of development standards
This Division sets out the specified development standards that apply to development specified for this code.
Subdivision 2 Site requirements
3A.9   Lot requirements and building envelope
(1)  Development specified for this code may only be carried out on a lot that:
(a)  at the completion of the development will have only one dwelling house, and
(b)  if the lot is in Zone R5 and is not a battle-axe lot—has a width, measured at the building line, of at least 18m, and
(c)  if the lot is in Zone R5 and is a battle-axe lot—has an access laneway at least 3m wide and measures at least 12m × 12m, excluding the access laneway.
(2)  A lot on which a new single storey or two storey dwelling house is erected must have lawful direct frontage access or a right of carriageway to a public road or a road vested in or maintained by the council (other than a Crown road reserve).
(3)  If under section 88B of the Conveyancing Act 1919 a restriction is created that specifies a building envelope for a lot, development specified for this code may only be carried out within the building envelope specified.
3A.10   Maximum site coverage of all development
The site coverage of a new dwelling house and all ancillary development on a lot in Zone R5 that has an area of less than 4,000m2 must not be more than 30 per cent.
3A.11   Maximum floor area for new dwelling houses
The floor area of a new dwelling house on a lot in Zone R5 that has an area of less than 4,000m2 must not be more than 430m2.
3A.12   Maximum floor area for new outbuildings
The floor area of a new outbuilding on a lot in Zone R5 that has an area of less than 4,000m2 must not be more than the following:
(a)  500m2, if the only purpose of the outbuilding is for agricultural use,
(b)  100m2, in any other case.
3A.13   Setbacks and maximum floor area for balconies, decks, patios, terraces and verandahs
(1)  The total floor area of all balconies, decks, patios, terraces and verandahs on a lot must not be more than 12m2 if:
(a)  any part of the structure is within 6m from a side or the rear boundary, and
(b)  the structure has any point of its finished floor level more than 2m above ground level (existing).
(2)  A balcony, deck, patio, terrace or verandah must not have any point of its finished floor level:
(a)  if it is located within 3m of a side or the rear boundary—more than 2m above ground level (existing), or
(b)  if it is located more than 3m but not more than 6m from a side or the rear boundary—more than 3m above ground level (existing), or
(c)  if it is located more than 6m from a side or the rear boundary—more than 4m above ground level (existing).
(3)  Any detached balcony, deck, patio, terrace or verandah (including any alterations or additions to the detached balcony, deck, patio, terrace or verandah) must not have a floor level that is more than 600mm above ground level (existing).
(4)  This clause does not apply to a balcony, deck, patio, terrace or verandah that is located on the front elevation of a dwelling house unless the dwelling house is located on a battle-axe lot.
Note.
 Development identified in this clause may require privacy screens under clause 3A.23.
Subdivision 3 Building heights and setbacks
3A.14   Maximum heights of dwelling houses and outbuildings
(1)  The height of a dwelling house or the alterations and additions to an existing dwelling house on a lot in Zone R5 that has an area of less than 4,000m2 must not be more than 8.5m above ground level (existing).
(2)  The height of an outbuilding or the alterations and additions to an existing outbuilding on a lot in Zone R5 that has an area of less than 4,000m2 must not be more than 4.8m above ground level (existing).
(3)  The height of a dwelling house or the alterations and additions to an existing dwelling house on the following lots must not be more than 10m above ground level (existing):
(a)  a lot in Zone RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4 or RU6,
(b)  a lot in Zone R5 that has an area of at least 4,000m2.
(4)  The height of an outbuilding, or of the alterations and additions to an existing outbuilding, must not be more than:
(a)  if the outbuilding is located on a lot in Zone RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4 or RU6 and the outbuilding is not a farm building or shed—4.8m above ground level (existing), or
(b)  if the outbuilding is located on a lot in Zone R5 that has an area of at least 4,000m2 and the outbuilding is not a farm building or shed—4.8m above ground level (existing), or
(c)  if the outbuilding is a farm building or shed—7m above ground level (existing).
(5)  The highest point of a dwelling house or the alterations and additions to an existing dwelling house referred to in subclause (1) or (3) must be at least 5m below the highest ridgeline of any hill within 100m of the dwelling or alteration.
3A.15   Setbacks of dwelling houses and ancillary development from roads
(1)  A dwelling house and all ancillary development on a lot in Zone R5 that has an area of less than 4,000m2 must have a setback from the boundary with a primary road that is not a classified road of at least:
(a)  the average distance of the setbacks of the nearest 2 dwelling houses having the same primary road boundary and located within 40m of the lot on which the dwelling house is erected, or
(b)  in any case where 2 dwelling houses are not located within 40m of the lot, 10m.
(2)  A dwelling house and all ancillary development on a lot in the following zones must have a setback from the boundary with a primary road that is not a classified road of at least the following:
(a)  if the lot is in Zone R5 and has an area of at least 4,000m2—15m,
(b)  if the lot is in Zone RU4—30m,
(c)  if the lot is in Zone RU1, RU2, RU3 or RU6—50m.
(3)  A dwelling house and all ancillary development on a corner lot must have a setback from a boundary with a secondary road that is not a classified road of at least the following:
(a)  if the lot is in Zone R5 and has an area of less than 4,000m2—5m,
(b)  if the lot is in Zone R5 and has an area of at least 4,000m2, or is in Zone RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4 or RU6—10m.
(4)  A dwelling house and all ancillary development on a lot in Zone R5 that has an area of less than 4,000m2 must have a setback from a boundary with a parallel road that is not a classified road of at least 10m.
(5)  If a lot fronts a classified road, a dwelling house and any ancillary development must have a setback from the boundary with the classified road of:
(a)  if another environmental planning instrument applying to that lot specifies a setback for those circumstances, the setback specified by the other instrument, or
(b)  the setback specified by subclauses (1) and (2),
whichever is the greater.
3A.16   Setbacks of dwelling houses from side boundaries
(1)  This clause applies to a dwelling house and any carport, garage, balcony, deck, patio, pergola, terrace or verandah that is attached to the dwelling house (a building).
(2)  Any point of a building, on a lot to which this code applies, must have a setback from the side boundary nearest to that point of at least the following distance:
(a)  if the lot is in Zone R5 and has an area of less than 4,000m2—2.5m,
(b)  if the lot is in Zone R5, and has an area of at least 4,000m2, or is in Zone RU1, RU2, RU3, RU4 or RU6—10m.
3A.17   Setbacks of dwelling houses from rear boundaries
(1)  This clause applies to a dwelling house and any carport, garage, balcony, deck, patio, pergola, terrace or verandah that is attached to the dwelling house (a building).
(2)  Any point of the building must have a setback from the rear boundary nearest to that point of at least 15m.
3A.18   Setbacks of outbuildings from side and rear boundaries
An outbuilding, or alterations and additions to an existing outbuilding, must have a setback from a side or rear boundary of at least:
(a)  if the only purpose of the outbuilding is for agricultural use—10m, or
(b)  in any other case—5m.
3A.19   Exceptions to setbacks
Despite any other clause in this Subdivision:
(a)  a new dwelling house or outbuilding must have a setback of at least 3m from a boundary with a public reserve, and
(b)  side and rear setbacks and setbacks from the boundary with a road do not apply to the existing parts of a dwelling house or ancillary development where it is proposed to carry out any of the following:
(i)  alterations or additions to an existing dwelling house,
(ii)  alterations or additions to existing ancillary development, and
(c)  side and rear setbacks do not apply to:
(i)  any aerial, antenna, awning, eave, flue, chimney, pipe, cooling or heating appliance, any rainwater tank greater than 1.8m in height or any other structure associated with the provision of a utility service, if it is located at least 450mm from the relevant boundary, and
(ii)  any fence, fascia, gutter, downpipe, light fitting, electricity or gas meter, driveway, hard stand space, pathway or paving, if it is located within any required setback area to the relevant boundary, and
(c1)  the setback from a road does not apply to:
(i)  a driveway, fence, hard stand space, pathway, paving or retaining wall, or
(ii)  any building element that is permitted within the articulation zone, and
(d)  a dwelling house or outbuilding must have a setback of at least 40m from the bank of any perennial watercourse identified on a 1:50,000 topographical map published by Spatial Services in the Department of Finance, Services and Innovation, and
(e)  a dwelling house or outbuilding must have a setback of at least 250m from a boundary with adjoining land being used for any of the following:
(i)  forestry,
(ii)  intensive livestock agriculture,
(iii)  intensive plant agriculture,
(iv)  mines and extractive industries,
(v)  railway lines,
(vi)  rural industries.
3A.20   Calculating setbacks
(1)  For the purpose of determining the nearest 2 dwelling houses in clause 3A.15 (1), a battle-axe lot is to be disregarded.
(2)  For the purpose of calculating the setbacks of the nearest 2 dwelling houses in clause 3A.15 (1):
(a)  any ancillary development is to be disregarded, and
(b)  any building element listed in clause 3A.22 (2) is not to be included.
(2A)    (Repealed)
(3)  For the purpose of calculating the setbacks of a new dwelling house, any building element that is permitted in the articulation zone is not included.
(4)  For the purpose of calculating setbacks for a battle-axe lot, the setback on the opposite side of the lot to the rear setback is taken to be a side setback.
(5)    (Repealed)
3A.21   Building articulation
(1)  This clause applies only to lots in Zone R5 that have an area of less than 4,000m2.
(2)  A dwelling house, other than a dwelling house on a battle-axe lot, must have a front door and a window to a habitable room in the building wall that faces a primary road.
(3)  A dwelling house, other than a dwelling house on a battle-axe lot, must have a door and a window to a habitable room in the building wall that faces a parallel road.
(4)  A dwelling house, other than a dwelling house that has a setback from a primary road of less than 3m, may incorporate an articulation zone that extends from the building line to a distance of 1.5m into the required setback from the primary road.
(5)  A new dwelling house on a corner lot must have a window to a habitable room that is at least 1m2 in area and that faces and is visible from a secondary road.
3A.22   Building elements within the articulation zone to a primary road
(1)  This clause applies only to lots in Zone R5 that have an area of less than 4,000m2.
(2)  The following building elements are permitted in an articulation zone in the setback from a primary road:
(a)  an entry feature or portico,
(b)  a balcony, deck, patio, pergola, terrace or verandah,
(c)  a window box treatment,
(d)  a bay window or similar feature,
(e)  an awning or other feature over a window,
(f)  a sun shading feature.
(3)  A building element on a dwelling house (other than a pitched roof to an entry feature or portico that has the same pitch as the roof on the dwelling house) must not extend more than:
(a)  1m above the gutter line of the eaves of a single storey dwelling house, or
(b)  above the gutter line of the eaves of a two storey dwelling house.
(4)  The maximum total area of all building elements within an articulation zone, other than a building element listed in subclause (2) (e) or (f), must be not more than 25% of the area of the articulation zone.
3A.23   Privacy
(1)  This clause applies only to lots in Zone R5 that have an area of less than 4,000m2.
(2)  A window in a new dwelling house, or a new window in any alteration or addition to an existing dwelling house, must have a privacy screen for any part of the window that is less than 1.5m above floor level if:
(a)  the window:
(i)  is in a habitable room that has a finished floor level of more than 1m above ground level (existing), and
(ii)  has a sill height of less than 1.5m above that floor level, and
(iii)  faces a side or rear boundary and is less than 3m from that boundary, or
(b)  the window:
(i)  is in a habitable room that has a finished floor level of more than 3m above ground level (existing), and
(ii)  has a sill height of less than 1.5m above that floor level, and
(iii)  faces a side or rear boundary and is at least 3m, but not more than 6m, from that boundary.
(3)  Subclause (2) does not apply to a window located in a bedroom where the window has an area of not more than 2m2.
(4)  A new balcony, deck, patio, terrace or verandah and any alteration to an existing balcony, deck, patio, terrace or verandah that has a floor area of more than 3m2 must have a privacy screen if the balcony, deck, patio, terrace or verandah is:
(a)  within 3m of a side or rear boundary and has a floor level more than 1m above ground level (existing), or
(b)  between 3m and 6m of a side or rear boundary and has a floor level more than 2m above ground level (existing).
(5)  Any privacy screen required under subclause (4) must be installed:
(a)  to a height of at least 1.7m, but not more than 2.2m, above the finished floor level of the balcony, deck, patio, terrace or verandah, and
(b)  at the edge of that part of the development that is within the areas specified in subclause (4) (a) or (b) and is parallel to or faces towards the relevant side or rear boundary.
Subdivision 4 Landscaping
3A.24   Landscaped area
(1)  A lot in Zone R5 that has an area of less than 4,000m2 must have at least 45% of its area landscaped.
(2)  At least 50% of the area forward of the building line to the primary road must be landscaped.
(3)  The landscaped area must be at least 2.5m wide.
3A.24A   Setbacks of dwelling houses and ancillary development from protected trees
(1)  A dwelling house and all ancillary development, and any associated excavation, must have a setback of at least 3m from the base of the trunk of each protected tree on the lot.
(2)  Despite subclause (1), ancillary development comprising the following is permitted within this setback, if the development does not require a cut or fill of more than 150mm below or above ground level (existing):
(a)  an access ramp,
(b)  a driveway, pathway or paving,
(c)  an awning, blind or canopy,
(d)  a fence, screen or child-resistant barrier associated with a swimming pool or spa pool.
Note.
 A separate permit or development consent may be required if the branches or roots of a protected tree on the lot or on an adjoining lot are required to be pruned or removed.
3A.25   Principal private open space
A lot in Zone RU5 that has an area of less than 4,000m2 and on which a new dwelling house is erected must have principal private open space that:
(a)  is at least 24m2, and
(b)  is at least 3m wide, and
(c)  is not steeper than 1:50 gradient.
Subdivision 5 Car parking and access
3A.26   Car parking requirements
(1)  This clause applies only to lots in Zone R5 that have an area of less than 4,000m2.
(2)  At least one off-street car parking space must be provided on a lot on which a new dwelling house is erected.
(3)  At least one off-street car parking space must be retained on a lot on which alterations or additions to an existing car parking space are carried out.
(4)  A car parking space under this clause may be an open hard stand space or a carport or garage, whether attached to or detached from the dwelling house.
3A.27   Garages, carports and car parking spaces
(1)  This clause applies only to lots in Zone R5 that have an area of less than 4,000m2.
(2)  A garage, carport or car parking space that is accessed from a primary road must:
(a)  if the dwelling house has a setback from the primary road boundary of 4.5m or more—be at least 1m behind the building line of the dwelling house, or
(b)  if the dwelling house has a setback from the primary road boundary of less than 4.5m—be at least 5.5m from that boundary.
(3)  If the door or doors on a garage face a primary road, a secondary road or a parallel road, the total width of all those door openings must:
(a)  be not more than 6m, and
(b)  if the lot has a frontage of more than 15m—be not more than 50 per cent of the width of the building, measured at the building line to the relevant property boundary, and
(c)  if the lot has a frontage of not more than 15m—be not more than 60 per cent of the width of the building, measured at the building line to the relevant property boundary.
(4)  An open hard stand car parking space must measure at least 2.6m wide by 5.4m long.
3A.28   Vehicle access
(1)  A lot on which an off-street car parking space is provided or retained under clause 3A.27 must have a driveway to a public road.
(2)  A driveway on a lot must be constructed in accordance with AS/NZS 2890.1—2004, Parking facilities—Off-street car parking.
Note.
 Clause 2.28 applies to the construction or installation of a driveway as exempt development.
Subdivision 6 Earthworks and drainage
3A.29   Earthworks, retaining walls and structural support
(1) Excavation Excavation for the purposes of development under this code must not exceed a maximum depth, measured from ground level (existing), of:
(a)  if located not more than 1m from any boundary—1m, and
(b)  if located more than 1m but not more than 1.5m from any boundary—2m, and
(c)  if located more than 1.5m from any boundary—3m.
(2)  Despite subclause (1), the excavation must not exceed a maximum depth, measured from ground level (existing), of 1m if the land is identified as Class 3 or 4 on an Acid Sulfate Soils Map or is within 40m of a waterbody (natural).
(3) Fill Fill must not exceed a maximum height, measured from ground level (existing), of:
(a)  if the fill is for the purposes of the erection or alteration of, or an addition to, a dwelling house under this code—1m, and
(b)  if the fill is for any other purpose under this code—600mm.
(4)  Despite subclause (3), the height of fill contained wholly within the footprint of a dwelling house or ancillary development is not limited.
(5)  Fill that is higher than 150mm above ground level (existing) and is not contained wholly within the footprint of a dwelling house or ancillary development is limited to 50% of the landscaped area of the lot.
(6)  The ground level (finished) of the fill must not be used to measure the height of any dwelling house or ancillary development under this code.
(7) Retaining walls and structural supports Support for earthworks more than 600mm above or below ground level (existing) must take the form of a retaining wall or other structural support that:
(a)  a professional engineer has certified as structurally sound, including in relation to (but not limited to) the ability to withstand the forces of lateral soil load, and
(b)  has been designed so as not to redirect the flow of any surface water or ground water, or cause sediment to be transported, onto an adjoining property, and
(c)  has adequate drainage lines connected to the stormwater drainage system for the site, and
(d)  does not have a total height measured vertically from the base of the retaining wall or structural support to its uppermost portion that is more than the height of the associated excavation or fill, and
(e)  is separated from any other retaining wall or structural support on the site by at least 2m, measured horizontally, and
(f)  is installed in accordance with any manufacturer’s specifications, and
(g)  if it is an embankment or batter—has a toe or top that is more than 1m from any side or rear boundary.
Note 1.
 Excavation, fill and ground level (existing) have the same meanings as they have in the Standard Instrument.
Note 2.
 Fill and excavation that is not associated with a building may be exempt development under clauses 2.29 and 2.30.
3A.30, 3A.31   (Repealed)
3A.32   Drainage
(1)  All stormwater drainage collecting as a result of the erection of, or alterations or additions to, a dwelling house or ancillary development must be conveyed by a gravity fed or charged system to:
(a)  a public drainage system, or
(b)  an inter-allotment drainage system, or
(c)  an on-site disposal system.
(2)  All stormwater drainage systems within a lot and the connection to a public or an inter-allotment drainage system must:
(a)  if an approval is required under section 68 of the Local Government Act 1993, be approved under that Act, or
(b)  if an approval is not required under section 68 of the Local Government Act 1993, comply with any requirements for the disposal of stormwater drainage contained in a development control plan that is applicable to the land.
Subdivision 7 Ancillary development
3A.33   Swimming pools
(1)  Ancillary development comprising a swimming pool for private use must be located on a lot:
(a)  behind the setback area from a primary road, or
(b)  in the rear yard.
Note.
 Development for the purposes of a swimming pool is not complying development under this Code unless it is ancillary to a dwelling house.
(2)  The swimming pool water line must have a setback of at least 1m from a side or rear boundary.
(2A)  Despite subclauses (1) and (2), if the swimming pool is being constructed in a heritage conservation area, the swimming pool must be located:
(a)  behind the rear most building line of the dwelling house, and
(b)  no closer to each side boundary than the dwelling house.
(3)  Decking around a swimming pool must not be more than 600mm above ground level (existing).
(4)  Coping around a swimming pool must not be more than:
(a)  1.4m above ground level (existing), and
(b)  300mm wide if the coping is more than 600mm above ground level (existing).
(5)  Water from a swimming pool must be discharged in accordance with an approval under the Local Government Act 1993 if the lot is not connected to a sewer main.
(6)  Any pump attached to the development must be housed in an enclosure that is soundproofed.
(7)  If the swimming pool is being constructed after, and at a different time to, the erection of a dwelling house on the lot, the development standards for this Code (other than the standards referred to in clauses 3A.24, 3A.24A, 3A.25, 3A.29, 3A.38 and this clause) do not apply to the construction.
Note 1.
 A child-resistant barrier must be constructed or installed in accordance with the requirements of the Swimming Pools Act 1992.
Note 2.
 Requirements relating to excavation for the purposes of a swimming pool are set out in clause 3A.29.
3A.33A   Development standards for detached studios
(1)  This clause applies:
(a)  to a detached studio, and
(b)  in addition to the development standards specified in clause 3A.24.
Note.
 Clauses 3A.9 and 3A.10 contain development standards that also apply to detached studios.
(2)  A detached studio must not be located in a heritage conservation area or draft heritage conservation area.
(3)  A detached studio must be located behind the building line of a dwelling house.
(4)  No more than one detached studio may be located on a lot.
(5)  A detached studio must not have a building height of more than 3.6m.
(6)  The floor area of a detached studio must not be more than 35m2.
(7)  A detached studio must have a setback from a side or rear boundary of at least:
(a)  if the lot is in Zone R5 and has an area of less than 4,000m2—2.5m, or
(b)  in any other case—5m.
3A.34, 3A.35   (Repealed)
Subdivision 8 Outbuildings
3A.36   Development standards for outbuildings in heritage conservation areas
(1)  This clause applies:
(a)  to an outbuilding erected on a lot in a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area to which this code applies, and
(b)  in addition to the development standards specified in clauses 3A.10, 3A.14, 3A.18 and 3A.24.
(2)  The outbuilding must be located:
(a)  behind the rear most building line of the dwelling house, and
(b)  no closer to each side boundary than the dwelling house.
(3)  The floor area of an outbuilding must not be more than 20m2.
(4)  The lot must not adjoin a lane or a secondary or parallel road frontage.
Subdivision 9 Development standards for particular land
3A.37   Development standards for bush fire prone land
(1)  This clause applies:
(a)  to all development specified for this code that is carried out on a lot that is wholly or partly bush fire prone land (other than development that is the erection of non-habitable ancillary development that is more than 10m from any dwelling house, landscaping, a non-combustible fence or a swimming pool), and
(b)  in addition to all other development standards specified for this code.
(2)  The development may be carried out on the lot only if:
(a)  the development conforms to the specifications and requirements of the following that are relevant to the development:
(i)  Planning for Bush Fire Protection (ISBN 0 9751033 2 6) published by the NSW Rural Fire Service in December 2006,
(ii)  Addendum: Appendix 3 (ISBN 0 9751033 2 6, published by NSW Rural Fire Service in 2010) to Planning for Bush Fire Protection (ISBN 0 9751033 2 6),
(iii)  if another document is prescribed by the regulations for the purposes of section 4.14 of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979—that document, and
(b)  the part of the lot on which the development is to be carried out and any associated access way is not in bush fire attack level-40 (BAL-40) or the flame zone (BAL-FZ), and
(c)  the lot has direct access to a public road or a road vested in or maintained by the council, and
(d)  the development is located within 200m of that road, and
(e)  there is sufficient access designed in accordance with the acceptable solutions identified in clause 4.1.3 (2) of Planning for Bush Fire Protection (ISBN 0 9751033 2 6) published by the NSW Rural Fire Service in December 2006, and
(f)  a reticulated water supply is connected to the lot, or a water supply with a 65mm metal Storz outlet with a gate or ball valve is provided for fire fighting purposes on the lot (the gate or ball valve, pipes and tank penetrations are to be designed to allow for a full 50mm inner diameter water flow through the Storz fitting and must be of a metal construction), and
(fa)  the size of the non-reticulated water supply mentioned in paragraph (f) is:
(i)  for a lot with an area no greater than 10,000m2—10,000L, and
(ii)  for a lot with an area greater than 10,000m2—20,000L, and
(g)  reticulated or bottled gas on the lot is installed and maintained in accordance with AS/NZS 1596:2008, The storage and handling of LP Gas and the requirements of relevant authorities (metal piping must be used), and
(g)  all fixed gas cylinders on the lot are located at least 10m from flammable materials and are enclosed on the hazard side of the installation, and
(h)  any gas cylinders on the lot that are within 10m of a dwelling house:
(i)  have the release valves directed away from the dwelling house, and
(ii)  have metal connections to and from the cylinders, and
(i)  there are no polymer sheathed flexible gas supply lines to gas meters adjacent to the dwelling.
Note.
 The requirements of AS 3959—2009, Construction of buildings in bushfire-prone areas set out in the Building Code of Australia also apply.
(3)  A standard specified in subclause (2) (b) is satisfied if one of the following certifies that the development is not in bush fire attack level-40 (BAL-40) or the flame zone (BAL-FZ):
(a)    (Repealed)
(b)  a person who is recognised by the NSW Rural Fire Service as a suitably qualified consultant in bush fire risk assessment, or
(c)  the council.
Note.
 More information about the categories of bush fire attack, including the flame zone, can be found in Table A3.4.2 of Addendum: Appendix 3 (ISBN 0 9751033 2 6 and published by NSW Rural Fire Service in 2010) to the publication titled Planning for Bush Fire Protection (ISBN 0 9751033 2 6) published by NSW Rural Fire Service in 2006.
3A.38   Complying development on flood control lots
(1)  Development under this code must not be carried out on any part of a flood control lot, other than a part of the lot that the council or a professional engineer who specialises in hydraulic engineering has certified, for the purposes of the issue of the complying development certificate, as not being any of the following:
(a)  a flood storage area,
(b)  a floodway area,
(c)  a flow path,
(d)  a high hazard area,
(e)  a high risk area.
(2)  Development that is carried out under this code on any part of a flood control lot must meet the following requirements:
(a)  if there is a minimum floor level adopted in a development control plan by the relevant council for the lot, the development must not cause any habitable room in the dwelling house to have a floor level lower than that floor level,
(b)  any part of the dwelling house or any ancillary development that is erected at or below the flood planning level is constructed of flood compatible material,
(c)  any part of the dwelling house or any ancillary development that is erected is able to withstand the forces exerted during a flood by water, debris and buoyancy up to the flood planning level (or if an on-site refuge is provided on the lot, the probable maximum flood level),
(d)  the development must not result in increased flooding elsewhere in the floodplain,
(e)  the lot must have pedestrian and vehicular access to a readily accessible refuge at a level equal to or higher than the lowest habitable floor level of the dwelling house,
(f)  vehicular access to the dwelling house will not be inundated by water to a level of more than 0.3m during a 1:100 ARI (average recurrent interval) flood event,
(g)  the lot must not have any open car parking spaces or carports lower than the level of a 1:20 ARI (average recurrent interval) flood event.
(3)  The requirements under subclause (2) (c) and (d) are satisfied if a joint report by a professional engineer specialising in hydraulic engineering and a professional engineer specialising in civil engineering states that the requirements are satisfied.
(4)  A word or expression used in this clause has the same meaning as it has in the Floodplain Development Manual, unless it is otherwise defined in this Policy.
(5)  In this clause:
flood compatible material means building materials and surface finishes capable of withstanding prolonged immersion in water.
flood planning level means:
(a)  the flood planning level adopted by a local environmental plan applying to the lot, or
(b)  if a flood planning level is not adopted by a local environmental plan applying to the lot, the flood planning level adopted in a development control plan by the relevant council for the lot.
Floodplain Development Manual means the Floodplain Development Manual (ISBN 0 7347 5476 0) published by the NSW Government in April 2005.
flow path means a flow path identified in the council’s flood study or floodplain risk management study carried out in accordance with the Floodplain Development Manual.
high hazard area means a high hazard area identified in the council’s flood study or floodplain risk management study carried out in accordance with the Floodplain Development Manual.
high risk area means a high risk area identified in the council’s flood study or floodplain risk management study carried out in accordance with the Floodplain Development Manual.
Note 1.
 Council, flood control lot, habitable room and professional engineer are defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 A section 10.7 certificate from a Council will state whether or not a lot is a flood control lot.
3A.38A   Development standards for land near Siding Spring Observatory
(1)  This clause applies:
(a)  to all development specified for this code that is to be carried out on land in the local government area of Coonamble, City of Dubbo, Gilgandra or Warrumbungle Shire, and
(b)  in addition to all other development standards specified for this code.
(2)  The development may be carried out only if it does not result in a dwelling house on land in the local government area of:
(a)  Coonamble, Gilgandra, Warrumbungle Shire or that part of the local government area of Dubbo Regional that was formerly in the City of Dubbo with an outside light fitting other than a shielded light fitting,
(b)  Coonamble, Gilgandra or Warrumbungle Shire with more than 7 shielded outside light fittings or more than 5 such light fittings that are not automatic light fittings.
(3)  This clause ceases to have effect on 1 January 2021.
Note.
 Under clause 3D.1, the Inland Code will apply exclusively to land to which this clause applies on and from 1 January 2021.
Division 4 Conditions applying to complying development certificates under this code
3A.39   Conditions specified in Schedule 6 apply
A complying development certificate for development specified under this code must be issued subject to the conditions specified in Schedule 6.
3A.40–3A.48   
Part 3B Low Rise Medium Density Housing Code
Note 1.
 Clause 1.18 (1) (b) states that to be complying development for the purposes of this Policy the development must be permissible with consent under an environmental planning instrument applying to the land on which the development is carried out.
Note 2.
 In addition to the requirements specified for development under this code, adjoining owners’ property rights, the applicable common law and other legislative requirements for approvals, licences, permits and authorities still apply. For example, requirements relevant to development in this code may be contained in the Act, the Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000, various State environmental planning policies, the Protection of the Environment Operations Act 1997, the Roads Act 1993, the Swimming Pools Act 1992 and Acts applying to various infrastructure authorities. If the development is in proximity to infrastructure, including water, stormwater and sewer mains, electricity power lines and telecommunications facilities, the relevant infrastructure authority should be contacted before commencing the development.
Division 1A Manor houses permitted in certain land use zones
3B.1A   Development for the purposes of manor houses
Manor houses are, despite any other environmental planning instrument, permitted with consent on land in any of the following land use zones if multi dwelling housing or residential flat buildings (or both) are permitted in the zone:
(a)  Zone RU5 Village,
(b)  Zone R1 General Residential,
(c)  Zone R2 Low Density Residential,
(d)  Zone R3 Medium Density Residential.
Division 1 Requirements for complying development under this code
3B.1   Development that can be complying development under this code
(1)  The erection or alteration of, or addition to, any of the following can be complying development under this code:
(a)  any 1 or 2 storey dual occupancy, manor house or multi dwelling housing (terraces),
(b)  any attached development or detached development related to any building referred to in paragraph (a).
(2)  For the purposes of calculating the number of storeys in a building for the purposes of this code, only those parts of a basement that comprise habitable rooms are to be counted as a storey.
(3) Lot requirements Complying development specified for this code may only be carried out on a lot that meets the following requirements:
(a)  the lot must be in Zone RU5, Zone R1, Zone R2 or Zone R3,
(b)  the lot must have lawful access to a public road at the completion of the development.
(4) Erection of attached development and detached development Attached development or detached development may be erected on a lot:
(a)  if a dual occupancy, manor house or multi dwelling housing (terraces) exists on the lot, or
(b)  if there is a current development consent or complying development certificate for the construction of a dual occupancy, manor house or multi dwelling housing (terraces) on the lot.
Note 1.
 Complying development certificate has the same meaning as it has in the Act.
Note 2.
 Clauses 1.17A, 1.18 and 1.19 (1) set out additional requirements for complying development.
3B.2   Development that is not complying development under this code
The following development is not complying development under this code:
(a)  the erection or alteration of, or an addition to, a roof terrace on the top most roof of a building,
(b)  development that is complying development under the Housing Alterations Code,
(c)  development on a battle-axe lot,
(d)  development that is attached to a secondary dwelling or group home,
(e)  the erection of a building over a registered easement,
(f)  the alteration of, or an addition to, a garage or carport that is located forward of the building line,
(g)  the erection of multi dwelling housing (terraces) on bush fire prone land.
3B.3   Determining lot type
In this code, a reference to a lot is a reference to any of the following lots:
(a)  standard lot,
(b)  corner lot,
(c)  parallel road lot.
Note 1.
 Corner lot, lane, parallel road lot and standard lot are defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 A lot that adjoins a lane is not a parallel road lot or a corner lot. The lot type depends on which other roads it fronts (if any).
3B.4   Complying development on bush fire prone land
(1)  This clause does not apply to the following complying development under this code:
(a)  a non-habitable detached development that is more than 10m from any residential accommodation,
(b)  a landscaped area,
(c)  a non-combustible fence,
(d)  a swimming pool.
(2)  If complying development under this code is carried out on bush fire prone land, all of the following development standards also apply:
(a)  the development will not be carried out on any part of the lot that is bush fire attack level-40 (BAL-40) or in the flame zone (BAL-FZ),
(b)  the lot on which the development is to be carried out must have direct access to a public road or a road vested in or maintained by the council,
(c)  the dual occupancy or manor house must be able to be connected to mains electricity,
(d)  if reticulated or bottled gas is installed and maintained on the lot:
(i)  it must be installed and maintained in accordance with AS/NZS 1596:2008, The storage and handling of LP Gas, and
(ii)  the storage and handling of any LP gas on the lot must comply with the requirements of the relevant authorities (including the use of metal piping),
(e)  any gas cylinder stored on the lot within 10m of any dwelling must:
(i)  have its release valves directed away from the dwelling, and
(ii)  be enclosed on the hazard side of the installation, and
(iii)  have metal connections to and from the cylinder,
(f)  there must not be any polymer sheathed flexible gas supply lines to gas meters adjacent to the dual occupancy,
(g)  if the development is carried out on a lot in Zone RU5, there must be:
(i)  a reticulated water supply connection to the lot and a fire hydrant within 60m of any part of the development, or
(ii)  a 10,000 L capacity water tank on the lot,
(h)  if the development is carried out on a lot in any zone other than Zone RU5, there must be:
(i)  a reticulated water supply connection to the lot, and
(ii)  a fire hydrant within 60m of any part of the development,
(i)  the development must comply with the requirements of all of the following:
(i)  Planning for Bush Fire Protection (ISBN 0 9751033 2 6) published by the NSW Rural Fire Service in December 2006,
(ii)  Addendum: Appendix 3 (published by NSW Rural Fire Service in 2010) to Planning for Bush Fire Protection (ISBN 0 9751033 2 6),
(iii)  AS 3959–2009, Construction of buildings in bushfire-prone areas,
(iv)  any other document required by the Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000 (in accordance with section 79BA of the Act).
Note 1.
 Attached development, bush fire attack level-40 (BAL-40), council, detached development and flame zone (BAL-FZ) are defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 Bush fire prone land, landscaped area, road and swimming pool have the same meanings as they have in the Standard Instrument.
(3)  A development standard specified in subclause (2) (a) is satisfied if the council or a person who is recognised by the NSW Rural Fire Service as a suitably qualified consultant in bush fire risk assessment certifies that the development is not in bush fire attack level-40 (BAL-40) or the flame zone (BAL-FZ).
3B.5   Complying development on flood control lots
(1)  Development under this code must not be carried out on any part of a flood control lot, other than a part of the lot that the council or a professional engineer who specialises in hydraulic engineering has certified, for the purposes of the issue of the relevant complying development certificate, as not being any of the following:
(a)  a flood storage area,
(b)  a floodway area,
(c)  a flow path,
(d)  a high hazard area,
(e)  a high risk area.
(2)  If complying development under this code is carried out on any part of a flood control lot, the following development standards also apply in addition to any other development standards:
(a)  if there is a minimum floor level adopted in a development control plan by the relevant council for the lot, the development must not cause any habitable room to have a floor level lower than that floor level,
(b)  any part of a building that is erected at or below the flood planning level is constructed of flood compatible material,
(c)  any part of a building that is erected is able to withstand the forces exerted during a flood by water, debris and buoyancy up to the flood planning level (or if an on-site refuge is provided on the lot, the probable maximum flood level),
(d)  the development must not result in increased flooding elsewhere in the floodplain,
(e)  the lot must have pedestrian and vehicular access to a readily accessible refuge at a level equal to or higher than the lowest habitable floor level of the dual occupancy, manor house or multi dwelling housing (terraces),
(f)  vehicular access to any dwelling will not be inundated by water to a level of more than 0.3m during a 1:100 ARI (average recurrent interval) flood event,
(g)  the lot must not have any open car parking spaces or carports lower than the level of a 1:20 ARI (average recurrent interval) flood event.
(3)  The requirements under subclause (2) (c) and (d) are satisfied if a joint report by a professional engineer specialising in hydraulic engineering and a professional engineer specialising in civil engineering states that the requirements are satisfied.
(4)  A word or expression used in this clause has the same meaning as it has in the Floodplain Development Manual, unless it is otherwise defined in this Policy.
(5)  In this clause:
flood compatible material means building materials and surface finishes capable of withstanding prolonged immersion in water.
flood planning level means:
(a)  the flood planning level adopted by a local environmental plan applying to the lot, or
(b)  if a flood planning level is not adopted by a local environmental plan applying to the lot, the flood planning level adopted in a development control plan by the relevant council for the lot.
Floodplain Development Manual means the Floodplain Development Manual (ISBN 0 7347 5476 0) published by the NSW Government in April 2005.
flow path means a flow path identified in the council’s flood study or floodplain risk management study carried out in accordance with the Floodplain Development Manual.
high hazard area means a high hazard area identified in the council’s flood study or floodplain risk management study carried out in accordance with the Floodplain Development Manual.
high risk area means a high risk area identified in the council’s flood study or floodplain risk management study carried out in accordance with the Floodplain Development Manual.
Note 1.
 Council, flood control lot, habitable room and professional engineer are defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 A section 149 certificate from a council will state whether or not a lot is a flood control lot.
3B.6   Development standards for land near Siding Spring Observatory
(1)  If complying development under this code is carried out on land in the local government area of Coonamble, Gilgandra, Warrumbungle Shire or that part of the local government area of Dubbo Regional that was formerly in the City of Dubbo, the development standards in this clause also apply in addition to any other development standards.
(2)  Complying development specified for this code may only be carried out if it does not result in residential accommodation on land in the local government area of:
(a)  Coonamble, Gilgandra, Warrumbungle Shire or that part of the local government area of Dubbo Regional that was formerly in the City of Dubbo with an outside light fitting other than a shielded light fitting, and
(b)  Coonamble, Gilgandra or Warrumbungle Shire with more than 7 shielded outside light fittings or more than 5 such light fittings that are not automatic light fittings.
Division 2 Development standards for certain dual occupancies and attached development
Subdivision 1 Application of Division
3B.7   Application of Division
This Division sets out the development standards that apply to the following types of complying development under this code:
(a)  the erection or alteration of, or an addition to, a dual occupancy where no part of a dwelling is located above any part of another dwelling,
(b)  the erection or alteration of, or addition to, attached development that is related to any such dual occupancy.
Note.
 Clauses 1.17A, 1.18 and 1.19 (1) set out additional requirements for complying development.
Subdivision 2 Built form development standards
3B.8   Lot requirements
(1)  The area of the lot must not be less than whichever is the greater of the following:
(a)  400m2,
(b)  the minimum lot area specified for dual occupancies in the environmental planning instrument that applies to the land concerned.
(2)  The width of the lot must not be less than 12m measured at the building line.
Note.
 See clause 1.18.
3B.9   Maximum building height
The maximum height for a dual occupancy and any attached development is 8.5m above ground level (existing).
Note.
 Ground level (existing) is defined in the Standard Instrument as the existing level of a site at any point.
3B.10   Maximum gross floor area of all buildings
The maximum gross floor area of all buildings on a lot is shown in the following table:
Lot area
Maximum GFA
400m2–2,000m2
25% of lot area + 300m2
>2,000m2
800m2
3B.11   Minimum setbacks and maximum height and length of boundary walls
(1) Primary road setbacks The setback of a dual occupancy and any attached development from a primary road must not be less than the average setback from the primary road of the 2 nearest dwelling houses or dual occupancies within 40m of the lot and on the same side of the primary road.
Note.
 Clause 3B.12 contains certain exclusions from, and exceptions to, the setbacks in this clause.
(2)  For the purpose of determining the setbacks from the primary road of the 2 nearest dwelling houses or dual occupancies, the following are not to be included:
(a)  dwelling houses or dual occupancies on battle-axe lots,
(b)  any attached development or detached development on other lots,
(c)  building elements in the articulation zone.
(3)  If there are not 2 dwelling houses or dual occupancies within 40m of the lot on the same side of the primary road, the dual occupancy and any attached development must have a minimum setback from the boundary with the primary road as shown in the following table:
Lot area
Minimum setback from primary road boundary
400m2–900m2
4.5m
>900m2–1,500m2
6.5m
>1,500m2
10m
(4) Side setbacks The following buildings must have a minimum setback from a side boundary as shown in the table to this subclause:
(a)  a dual occupancy,
(b)  a garage or an attached carport,
(c)  a balcony, deck, patio, pergola, terrace or verandah,
(d)  a cabana, cubby house, garden shed, gazebo, fernery, greenhouse or shed.
Lot width at the building line
Building height
Minimum required setback from each side boundary
12m–24m
0m–4.5m
0.9m
12m–24m
>4.5m–8.5m
(building height–4.5m) ÷ 4 + 0.9m
>24m–36m
0m–4.5m
1.5m
>24m–36m
>4.5m–8.5m
(building height–4.5m) ÷ 4 + 1.5m
>36m
0m–8.5m
2.5m
(5) Rear setbacks Each part of a dual occupancy (other than a dual occupancy on a corner lot) and any carport, garage, balcony, deck, patio, pergola, terrace or verandah must have a minimum setback from the rear boundary as shown in the following table:
Lot area
Height of building part
Minimum setback from rear boundary
400m2–900m2
0m–4.5m
3m
400m2–900m2
>4.5m–8.5m
8m
>900m2–1,500m2
0m–4.5m
5m
>900m2–1,500m2
>4.5m–8.5m
12m
>1,500m2
0m–4.5m
10m
>1,500m2
>4.5m–8.5m
15m
Note.
 Certain exceptions to the rear setbacks apply if the lot has a rear boundary with a lane (see clause 3B.12 (4)).
(6) Secondary road setbacks for corner lots Despite any other setback specified in this clause, a dual occupancy and any attached development must have a minimum setback from a boundary with a secondary road as shown in the following table:
Lot area
Minimum setback from secondary road boundary
400m2–900m2
2m
>900m2–1,500m2
3m
>1,500m2
5m
Note.
 In many cases the primary road and secondary road may be different for each of the dwellings comprising a dual occupancy (detached) on a corner lot. This is because for each dwelling the primary road is the road that the dwelling faces. Accordingly, the setbacks for each of these dwellings will not necessarily align.
(7) Dual occupancy (detached) on a corner lot If a dual occupancy on a corner lot has dwelling fronting different roads, the rear of each dwelling is to be treated as a side for the purposes of determining the setbacks required under this clause.
(8) Parallel road setbacks for parallel road lots Despite any other setback specified in this clause, a dual occupancy and any attached development must have a setback from a boundary with a parallel road of at least 3m unless, in the case of a dual occupancy (attached), 1 of the dwellings in the dual occupancy faces the parallel road, in which case the setback must be the same as if the parallel road were a primary road.
Note.
 The primary road and parallel road may be different for each of the dwellings comprising a dual occupancy (detached) if the dwellings face in opposite directions. This is because for each dwelling the primary road is the road that the dwelling faces.
(9) Classified road setbacks Despite any other setback specified in this clause, a dual occupancy and any attached development must have a setback from a boundary with a classified road of at least 9m.
(10) Public reserve setbacks Despite any other setback specified in this clause, a dual occupancy and any attached development must have a setback from a boundary with a public reserve of at least 3m.
Note 1.
 Articulation zone, attached development, battle-axe lot, boundary wall, building element, building line, detached development, dwelling house, lane, primary road, setback and standard lot are defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 Building height and classified road have the same meanings as they have in the Standard Instrument.
3B.12   Exceptions to setbacks
(1) Development to which side and rear setbacks do not apply The setback standards specified in clause 3B.11 (4) and (5) do not apply to the following:
(a)  access ramps,
(b)  downpipes,
(c)  driveways or hard stand spaces,
(d)  electricity or gas meters,
(e)  fascias,
(f)  fences,
(g)  gutters,
(h)  light fittings,
(i)  pathways and paving.
(2) Development to which side and rear setbacks do not apply if 450mm from boundary The setback standards specified in clause 3B.11 (4) and (5) do not apply to the following if they are at least 450mm from the relevant boundary:
(a)  aerials,
(b)  antennae,
(c)  awnings,
(d)  chimneys,
(e)  cooling or heating appliances,
(f)  eaves,
(g)  flues,
(h)  pipes,
(i)  privacy screens,
(j)  rainwater tanks,
(k)  structures associated with the provision of a utility service.
(3) Development to which road setbacks do not apply The setback standards specified in clause 3B.11 (1), (3), (6), (8) and (9) do not apply to the following:
(a)  access ramps,
(b)  driveways,
(c)  eaves,
(d)  pathways and paving,
(e)  retaining walls,
(f)  any building elements that are permitted within a primary road articulation zone.
(4) Lots with rear lanes Despite clause 3B.11 (5), if the lot has a rear boundary with a lane, a building to which that subclause applies may be erected within 900mm of, or abut, the rear boundary for a maximum length of 7m.
(5) Setbacks do not apply to existing parts of dual occupancy or attached development The setbacks standards specified in clause 3B.11 do not apply to any existing parts of a dwelling house, dual occupancy or attached development that will remain on a lot after the complying development is carried out.
Note.
 Articulation zone, attached development, dwelling house, primary road and setback are defined in clause 1.5.
3B.13   Dwelling configuration on lot
(1)  Each dwelling must face a public road.
(2)  No dwelling must be located behind another dwelling on the same lot (except on a corner lot).
(3)  The 2 buildings comprising a dual occupancy (detached) (including any attached development) must be located at least 3m from each other.
(4)  Each dwelling must have a minimum width (measured at the building line) of 5m.
(5)  The width of a dwelling is to be measured from the centre of a side wall if that wall adjoins another building or from the outside of the side wall if that wall is an external wall.
3B.14   Other development standards for new balconies, decks, patios, terraces and verandahs attached to side or rear of dual occupancy
(1)  The maximum height of the floor level of the balcony, deck, patio, terrace or verandah is 4m.
(2)  Any attached side or rear balcony, deck, patio, terrace or verandah that has a floor level of more than 2m above ground level (existing) must have a setback from side and rear boundaries of at least 3m.
(3)  The total floor area of all attached decks having a floor level of more than 2m above ground level (existing) must not be more than 12m2.
Note 1.
 Attached, building line and floor area are defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 Ground level (existing) has the same meaning as it has in the Standard Instrument.
Note 3.
 A balcony may require a privacy screen—see clause 3B.17.
Subdivision 3 Landscape development standards
3B.15   Minimum landscaped area
(1)  The minimum landscaped area that must be provided for each dwelling on a lot is 50% of lot area minus 100m2.
(2)  At least 25% of the area of the lot forward of the building line must be landscaped.
(3)  Each landscaped area must have:
(a)  a minimum width of 1.5m, and
(b)  a minimum length of 1.5m.
(4)  Principal private open space must be provided for each dwelling that:
(a)  is at least 16m2, and
(b)  is at least 3m wide.
(5)  This clause does not apply to complying development that is the alteration of, or addition to, a dual occupancy or attached development if the development does not:
(a)  increase the footprint of the dual occupancy or attached development, or
(b)  decrease the landscaped area on the lot, or
(c)  decrease the principal private open space for a dwelling.
Note 1.
 Building line and principal private open space are defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 Landscaped area has the same meaning as it has in the Standard Instrument.
Subdivision 4 Amenity development standards
3B.16   Primary and secondary road articulation zones
(1)  A dual occupancy may have a primary road articulation zone and a secondary road articulation zone that each extend up to 1.5m forward of the minimum required setback from the primary road or secondary road.
(2)  The following building elements can be located in the primary road articulation zone or secondary road articulation zone:
(a)  an entry feature or portico,
(b)  a balcony, deck, pergola, terrace or verandah,
(c)  a window box treatment,
(d)  a bay window or similar feature,
(e)  an awning or other feature over a window,
(f)  a sun shading feature,
(g)  an eave,
(h)  an access ramp.
(3)  The maximum total area of all building elements in the articulation zone, other than a building element specified in subclause (2) (e), (f), (g) or (h), must not comprise more than 25% of the area of the articulation zone.
(4)  Each habitable room that has a wall facing a road must have a window in that wall.
Note.
 Articulation zone, building element, primary road, secondary road and setback are defined in clause 1.5.
3B.17   Privacy screens for windows and certain attached development
(1) Windows in habitable rooms near boundaries or other dwellings A window in a habitable room must have a privacy screen over any part of that window that is less than 1.5m above the floor level of the room in the following cases:
(a)  the floor level of the habitable room is 1m or more, but not more than 3m, above ground level (existing) and the window faces a side or rear boundary and is less than 3m from that boundary,
(b)  the floor level of the habitable room is more than 3m above ground level (existing) and the window faces a side or rear boundary and is less than 6m from that boundary,
(c)  the floor level of the habitable room is 1m or more, but not more than 3m, above ground level (existing) and the window faces a dwelling on the same lot and is less than 6m from that dwelling,
(d)  the floor level of the habitable room is more than 3m above ground level (existing) and the window faces a dwelling on the same lot and is less than 12m from that dwelling.
(2)  Subclause (1) does not apply to:
(a)  a habitable room with a floor level not more than 1m above ground level (existing), or
(b)  a window that faces a road or public space, or
(c)  a bedroom window that has an area of not more than 2m2.
(3) Balconies, decks, patios, terraces or verandahs near boundaries or other dwellings The edge of a balcony, deck, patio, terrace or verandah must have a privacy screen with a height of at least 1.5m above the floor level of a balcony, deck, patio, terrace or verandah in the following cases:
(a)  the floor level of the balcony, deck, patio, terrace or verandah is 1m or more, but not more than 3m, above ground level (existing) and the edge faces a side or rear boundary and is less than 3m from that boundary,
(b)  the floor level of the balcony, deck, patio, terrace or verandah is more than 3m above ground level (existing) and the edge faces a side or rear boundary and is less than 6m from that boundary,
(c)  the floor level of the balcony, deck, patio, terrace or verandah is 1m or more, but not more than 2m, above ground level (existing) and the edge faces a dwelling on the same lot and is less than 6m from that dwelling,
(d)  the floor level of the balcony, deck, patio, terrace or verandah is more than 2m above ground level (existing) and the edge faces a dwelling on the same lot and is less than 12m from that dwelling.
(4)  Subclause (3) does not apply to a balcony, deck, patio, terrace or verandah:
(a)  with a floor level not more than 1m above ground level (existing), or
(b)  that faces a road or public space, or
(c)  that has an area of not more than 2m2.
(5) Existing windows, balconies, decks, patios, terraces or verandahs This clause does not apply to any existing parts of a dwelling house, dual occupancy or attached development that will remain on the lot after the complying development is carried out.
Note 1.
 Habitable room and privacy screen are defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 Ground level (existing) has the same meaning as it has in the Standard Instrument.
3B.18   Car parking and vehicle access requirements
(1)  This clause applies to:
(a)  the erection of a dual occupancy, or
(b)  the alteration of, or addition to, a dwelling house that causes a dual occupancy to be on the lot.
(2)  At least 1 off-street car parking space must be provided for each dwelling.
(3)  The off-street car parking space may be an open hard stand space or a carport or garage, whether attached to or detached from the dual occupancy.
(4)  All off-street car parking spaces and vehicle access must comply with AS/NZS 2890.1:2004, Parking facilities, Part 1: Off-street car parking.
(5)  In the case of a lot that has a width of less than 15m measured at the building line any car parking space must be provided at the rear of the lot or in a basement and must be accessed only from a secondary road, parallel road or lane.
(6)  A garage, carport or car parking space at ground level (existing) and accessed from a primary road, secondary road or parallel road must have a minimum setback as shown in the following table:
Setback of dual occupancy from primary road
Minimum off-street parking setback from road
0–4.5m
5.5m
>4.5m
1m or more behind the building line of the dual occupancy
(7)  The maximum width of all garage doors accessed from a primary road is shown in the following table:
Lot width
Maximum width of garage door openings
12m–15m
3.2m
>15m–20m
6m
>20m–25m
9.2m
>25m
12m
Note 1.
 Attached, building line, detached, hard stand space, lane, parallel road, primary road, secondary road and setback are defined in clause 1.5.
Note 2.
 Clause 2.28 applies to the construction or installation of a driveway as exempt development.
Note 3.
 Alterations or additions to a garage or carport that is forward of the building line is not complying development under this code (see clause 3B.2 (g)).
3B.19   Building design
(1)  The design of a dual occupancy must be consistent with the relevant design criteria in the Medium Density Design Guide.
(2)  However, the requirements of this Part prevail to the extent that the Guide is inconsistent with this Part.
Division 3 Development standards for manor houses, certain dual occupancies and attached development
Subdivision 1 Application of Division
3B.20   Application of Division
This Division sets out the development standards that apply to the following types of complying development under this code:
(a)  the erection or alteration of, or an addition to, a manor house,
(b)  the erection or alteration of, or an addition to, a dual occupancy (attached) where part of a dwelling is located above part of another dwelling,
(c)  the erection or alteration of, or addition to, attached development that is related to any such dual occupancy or manor house.
Note.
 Clauses 1.17A, 1.18 and 1.19 (1) set out additional requirements for complying development.
Subdivision 2 Built form development standards
3B.21   Lot requirements
The lot must meet the following requirements:
(a)  in the case of a manor house—the area of the lot must not be less than 600m2,
(b)  in the case of a dual occupancy—the area of the lot must not be less than whichever is the greater of the following:
(i)  400m2,
(ii)  the minimum lot area specified for dual occupancies in the environmental planning instrument that applies to the land concerned,
(c)  the width of the lot must not be less than 15m measured at the building line.
3B.22   Maximum building height
(1)  The maximum height for a manor house, dual occupancy and any attached development is 8.5m above ground level (existing).
(2)  This clause does not apply to any existing part of a building that is more than 8.5m above ground level (existing) before the relevant complying development takes place.
Note.
 Ground level (existing) is defined in the Standard Instrument as the existing level of a site at any point.
3B.23   Maximum gross floor area of all buildings
The maximum gross floor area of all buildings on a lot is 25% of the lot area plus 150m2, to a maximum of 400m2.
3B.24   Minimum setbacks and maximum height and length of boundary walls
(1) Primary road setbacks The setback of a manor house, dual occupancy and any attached development from a primary road must not be less than the average setback from the primary road of the 2 nearest buildings within 40m of the lot and on the same side of the primary road that are residential accommodation.
(2)  For the purpose of determining the setbacks from the primary road of the 2 nearest buildings that are residential accommodation, the following are not to be included:
(a)  buildings on battle-axe lots,
(b)  any ancillary development on other lots,
(c)  building elements in the articulation zone.
Note.
 Setbacks for boundaries with classified roads and public reserves are set out in subclauses (9) and (10).
(3)  If there are not 2 buildings that are residential accommodation within 40m of the lot on the same side of the primary road, the manor house or dual occupancy and any attached development must have a minimum setback from the boundary with the primary road as shown in the following table:
Lot area
Minimum setback from primary road boundary
400m2–900m2
4.5m
>900m2–1,500m2
6.5m
>1,500m2
10m
(4) Side setbacks A manor house, dual occupancy or any attached development must have a minimum setback from a side boundary of 1.5 m.
(5)  Despite subclause (4), any part of a manor house, dual occupancy or any attached development that is more than 10m behind the building line and that is more than 4.5m above ground level (existing) must have a minimum setback from a side boundary of:
 
where:
s is the minimum setback in metres.
h is the height of the part of the building in metres.
(6) Rear setbacks Each part of a manor house or dual occupancy and any attached development must have a minimum setback from the rear boundary as shown in the following table:
Lot area
Height of building part
Minimum setback from rear boundary
400m2–1,500m2
0m–4.5m
6m
>1,500m2
0m–4.5m
10m
400m2–1,500m2
>4.5m–8.5m
10m
>1,500m2
>4.5m–8.5m
15m
Note.
 Certain exceptions to the rear setbacks apply if the lot has a rear boundary with a lane (see clause 3B.25 (4)).
(7) Secondary road setbacks for corner lots Despite any other setback specified in this clause, a dual occupancy, manor house and any attached development must have a minimum setback from a boundary with a secondary road as shown in the following table:
Lot area
Minimum setback from secondary road boundary
400m2–1,500m2
3m
>1,500m2
5m
(8) Parallel road setbacks for parallel road lots Despite any other setback specified in this clause, a dual occupancy, manor house and any attached development must have a setback from a boundary with a parallel road of at least 3m.
(9) Classified road setbacks Despite any other setback specified in this clause, a dual occupancy, manor house and any attached development must have a setback from a boundary with a classified road of at least 9m.
(10) Public reserve setbacks Despite any other setback specified in this clause, a dual occupancy, manor house and any attached development must have a setback from a boundary with a public reserve of at least 3m.
Note 1.
 Articulation zone, attached development, battle-axe lot, boundary wall,