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Contents (2008 - 572)
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State Environmental Planning Policy (Exempt and Complying Development Codes) 2008
Historical version for 19 November 2014 to 31 December 2014 (accessed 5 April 2020 at 08:18) Current version
Part 5
Part 5 Commercial and Industrial Alterations Code
Note 1.
 Schedule 3 contains variations to this code.
Note 2.
 In addition to the requirements specified for development under this code, adjoining owners’ property rights, the applicable common law and other legislative requirements for approvals, licences, permits and authorities still apply. For example, requirements relevant to development in this code may be contained in the Act, the Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000, various State environmental planning policies, the Protection of the Environment Operations Act 1997, the Roads Act 1993, theDisability (Access to Premises—Buildings) Standards 2010 of the Commonwealth and Acts applying to various infrastructure authorities. If the development is in the proximity of infrastructure, including water, stormwater and sewer mains, electricity power lines and telecommunications facilities, the relevant infrastructure authority should be contacted before commencing the development.
Division 1 Specified development and development standards under this code
Subdivision 1 Building alterations (internal)
5.1   Specified complying development
An internal alteration to a building that is used, or is the subject of a development consent for use, for any purpose (other than for the purpose of residential accommodation, heavy industry, sex services premises or restricted premises) is development specified for this code.
5.2   Development standards
(1)  The standards specified for that development are as follows:
(a)  the current use of the premises must be a lawful use,
(b)  the current use of the premises must not be an existing use within the meaning of section 106 of the Act,
(c)  the alteration must not result in an increase in the gross floor area of any building within which it is carried out, except if the increase is required for the alteration to comply with the Premises Standards,
(d)  the alteration must not involve the conversion of any area that is excluded from the measurement of gross floor area of the building (such as a basement, plant room, car parking space, loading space or void),
(e)  if the alteration is to a building used for the purposes of an entertainment venue (such as a cinema, theatre, hall or auditorium) in a registered club or used as an entertainment facility, the alteration must not increase the floor area used for those purposes,
(f)  if the alteration involves food and drink premises, the alteration must be carried out in accordance with AS 4674—2004, Design, construction and fit-out of food premises,
(g)  the alteration must not relate to the cooking of food at the premises by barbecue or charcoal methods,
(h)  if the alteration involves a loading dock, the alteration must not:
(i)  reduce the number or capacity of the trucks accommodated, or
(ii)  reduce the area for goods handling, or
(iii)  reduce the area for waste handling (including any recycling area), or
(iv)  reduce the manoeuvring area of the loading dock or access driveway.
(i)    (Repealed)
Note 1.
 If the alteration involves premises that are a food business within the meaning of the Food Act 2003, the premises must comply with the requirements under that Act.
Note 2.
 If the alteration involves premises at which a skin penetration procedure, within the meaning of the Public Health Act 2010, is carried out, the premises must comply with the requirements under that Act, and Part 4 of the Public Health Regulation 2012.
(2)  The following requirements of the Building Code of Australia are also standards specified for that development:
(a)  if the building that is being altered is subject to an alternative solution relating to a fire safety requirement—the alteration must be consistent with that alternative solution,
(b)  if the alteration involves an area of more than 500m2of commercial premises, or an area of more than 1,000m2 of premises used for light industry or a warehouse or distribution centre—that area must:
(i)  comply with the requirements set out in DP2–DP5 of Volume 1 of the Building Code of Australia, and
(ii)  comply with the number of sanitary and other facilities set out in FP2.1, FP2.5 and FP2.6 of Volume 1 of the Building Code of Australia, and
(iii)  comply with the light and ventilation requirements set out in FP4.1–FP4.5 of Volume 1 of the Building Code of Australia,
(c)  if the building is a mixed use development that also contains a Class 2, 3 or 4 portion—the altered area must be separated from the Class 2, 3 or 4 portion by building elements that comply with the fire resistance performance requirements set out in CP2 and CP8 of Volume 1 of the Building Code of Australia.
Subdivision 2 Change of use of premises
5.3   Specified complying development
(1)  A change of use from an existing use specified in a category in Column 1 of the Table to this clause to a use specified in the corresponding category in Column 2 of that Table is development specified for this code.
Table
Column 1 Existing use
Column 2 New use
Category 1
Category 1
bulky goods premises
landscaping material supplies
landscaping material supplies
hardware and building supplies
hardware and building supplies
vehicle sales or hire premises
vehicle sales or hire premises
garden centre
garden centre
plant nursery
plant nursery
rural supplies
rural supplies
self-storage units
timber yard
timber yard
warehouse or distribution centre
warehouse or distribution centre
 
neighbourhood shop
 
kiosk
 
wholesale supplies
 
business premises
 
office premises
 
light industry
 
general industry
 
packaging industry
 
industrial retail outlet
Category 2
Category 2
business premises
medical centre
office premises
shop
shop
food and drink premises
food and drink premises
kiosk
kiosk
business premises
medical centre
office premises
veterinary hospital
 
Category 3
Category 3
general industry
neighbourhood shop
light industry
kiosk
packaging industry
industrial retail outlet
industrial retail outlet
warehouse or storage distribution centre
 
self-storage units
 
general industry
 
light industry
 
packaging industry
 
business premises
 
office premises
Category 4
Category 4
self-storage units
neighbourhood shop
 
kiosk
 
light industry
 
general industry
 
packaging industry
 
industrial retail outlet
Category 5
Category 5
entertainment facilities
amusement centre
 
shop
 
food and drink premises
 
kiosk
Category 6
Category 6
amusement centre
shop
function centre
food and drink premises
registered club
kiosk
Category 7
Category 7
wholesale supplies
neighbourhood shop
 
kiosk
 
industrial retail outlet
 
warehouse or distribution centre
 
rural supplies
Note.
 Clause 1.18 (1) (b) requires the new use to be permissible, with consent, in the land use zone in which it is carried out. In addition, certain types of uses are subject to a maximum floor area to be permissible development in a particular zone under the relevant planning instrument, such as in clause 5.4 of a local environmental plan that is a Standard Instrument. In those cases, the maximum floor area requirement for that use must be complied with for a change of use to be complying development.
(2)  If development specified in subclause (1) is to be provided with water supply or sewerage services (or both) by a water utility, to be complying development the applicant must obtain a notice or other form of written advice that specifies the works or other requirements to be completed as part of the development from the relevant water utility or an entity authorised to provide such a notice or advice by the utility.
5.4   Development standards
(1)  The standards specified for that development are as follows:
(a)  the current use must be a lawful use,
(b)  the current use must not be an existing use within the meaning of section 106 of the Act,
(c)  the new use must not be carried out at premises that are a manufactured home, moveable dwelling or associated structure, temporary structure, tent, swimming pool, ship or vessel,
(d)  the new use must not be any of the following:
(i)  a funeral home,
(ii)  sex services premises,
(iii)  restricted premises,
(iv)  retail premises where firearms within the meaning of the Firearms Act 1996 are sold,
(v)  a roadside stall,
(vi)  a market,
(vii)  food and drink premises with the capacity for more than 50 seats, other than premises where the seating is provided within a common food court or food hall,
(viii)  a pub,
(ix)  a small bar,
(e)  a new use that is an ancillary office within premises that are a warehouse or distribution centre, or that is an ancillary office or an industrial retail outlet within premises used for light industry, must not occupy more than:
(i)  the maximum amount of gross floor area permitted for such an office in such a building under an environmental planning instrument applying to the land, or
(ii)  20% of the gross floor area of the building or 1,000m2,
whichever is the lesser,
(f)  if the new use is food and drink premises—the premises must comply with AS 4674–2004 Construction and fit-out of food premises,
(g)  the new use must not cause the contravention of any existing condition of the most recent development consent (other than a complying development certificate) that applies to the premises relating to hours of operation, noise, car parking, loading, vehicular movement, traffic generation, waste management or landscaping,
(h)  car parking must be provided:
(i)  in accordance with any existing condition relating to car parking that applies to the use of the land, or
(ii)  if there is no existing condition relating to car parking either:
(A)  in accordance with any relevant requirements contained in an environmental planning instrument or development control plan applying to the land, or
(B)  if a contribution in relation to car parking in compliance with a contributions plan under Division 6 of Part 4 of the Act is imposed as a condition of approval under clause 136K of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000—if that contribution is made.
(i)    (Repealed)
Note.
 The term pub is defined in the Standard Instrument as meaning licensed premises under the Liquor Act 2007, the principal purpose of which is the retail sale of liquor for consumption on the premises, whether or not the premises include hotel or motel accommodation and whether or not food is sold or entertainment is provided on the premises.
(2)  The following requirements of the Building Code of Australia are also standards specified for that development:
(a)  if the change of use involves an area of more than 500m2 of commercial premises, or an area of more than 1,000m2 of premises used for industry or a warehouse or distribution centre, that area must:
(i)  comply with the requirements set out in DP2–DP5 of Volume 1 of the Building Code of Australia, and
(ii)  comply with the number of sanitary and other facilities set out in FP2.1, FP2.5 and FP2.6 of Volume 1 of the Building Code of Australia, and
(iii)  comply with the light and ventilation requirements set out in FP4.1–FP4.5 of Volume 1 of the Building Code of Australia,
(b)  if the building is a mixed use development that also contains a Class 2, 3 or 4 portion—the area involved in the change of use must be separated from the Class 2, 3 or 4 portion by building elements that comply with the fire resistance performance requirements set out in CP2 and CP8 of Volume 1 of the Building Code of Australia.
Note.
 Pursuant to the requirement under the Act that a building must be suitable for occupation and use in accordance with its classification under the Building Code of Australia, a change of use may require building work to be carried out despite such work not being included in an application for a complying development certificate.
Subdivision 3 First use of premises
5.5   Specified development
(1)  The first use of a part of a building that is a Class 5, 6, 7b or 8 building is development specified for this code if the use is not for any of the following:
(a)  a funeral home,
(b)  sex services premises,
(c)  restricted premises,
(d)  retail premises where firearms within the meaning of the Firearms Act 1996 are sold,
(e)  a roadside stall,
(f)  a market,
(g)  food and drink premises with the capacity for more than 50 seats, other than premises where the seating is provided within a common food court or food hall,
(h)  a pub,
(i)  a small bar,
(j)  an entertainment facility,
(k)  a registered club.
Note.
 The term pub is defined in the Standard Instrument as meaning licensed premises under the Liquor Act 2007, the principal purpose of which is the retail sale of liquor for consumption on the premises, whether or not the premises include hotel or motel accommodation and whether or not food is sold or entertainment is provided on the premises.
(2)  If development specified in subclause (1) is to be provided with water supply or sewerage services (or both) by a water utility, to be complying development the applicant must obtain a notice or other form of written advice that specifies the works or other requirements to be completed as part of the development from the relevant water utility or an entity authorised to provide such a notice or advice by the utility.
5.6   Development standards
(1)  The standards specified for that development are that the development:
(a)  must not result in an increase to the gross floor area of the building, and
(b)  must not cause the contravention of any existing condition of the most recent development consent (other than a complying development certificate) that applies to the premises relating to hours of operation, noise, car parking, loading, vehicular movement, traffic generation, waste management or landscaping, and
(c)  car parking must be provided:
(i)  in accordance with any existing condition relating to car parking that applies to the use of the land, or
(ii)  if there is no existing condition relating to car parking either:
(A)  in accordance with any relevant requirements contained in an environmental planning instrument or development control plan applying to the land, or
(B)  if a contribution in relation to car parking in compliance with a contributions plan under Division 6 of Part 4 of the Act is imposed as a condition of approval under clause 136K of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000—if that contribution is made.
(2)  The following requirements of the Building Code of Australia are also standards specified for that development:
(a)  if the new use involves an area of more than 500m2 of commercial premises, or an area of more than 1,000m2 of premises used for industry or a warehouse or distribution centre—that area must:
(i)  comply with the requirements set out in DP2–DP5 of Volume 1 of the Building Code of Australia, and
(ii)  comply with the number of sanitary and other facilities set out in FP2.1, FP2.5 and FP2.6 of Volume 1 of the Building Code of Australia, and
(iii)  comply with the light and ventilation requirements set out in FP4.1–FP4.5 of Volume 1 of the Building Code of Australia,
(b)  if the building is a mixed use development that also contains a Class 2, 3 or 4 portion—the area involved in the change of use must be separated from the Class 2, 3 or 4 portion by building elements that comply with the fire resistance performance requirements set out in CP2 and CP8 of Volume 1 of the Building Code of Australia.
Note.
 Pursuant to the requirement under the Act that a building must be suitable for occupation and use in accordance with its classification under the Building Code of Australia, a new use may require building work to be carried out despite such work not being included in an application for a complying development certificate.
Subdivision 4 Mechanical ventilation systems
5.7   Specified complying development
The construction, installation or alteration of a mechanical ventilation system on a building that is used for any purpose (other than a dwelling house) is development specified for this code if it is not carried out in a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area.
5.8   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  be located at least 3.5m behind the building line from any lot boundary, and
(b)  be designed so as not to emit noise exceeding an LAeq of 5 dB(A) above background noise when measured at any lot boundary, and
(c)  be located not more than 1m above the ridge of a pitched roof or 3m above a flat roof, and
(d)  not relate to the cooking of food at the premises by barbecue or charcoal methods, and
(e)  if it is located on bush fire prone land—be constructed or installed so that any opening is sealed against the entry of embers.
Note.
 If the mechanical ventilation system is a regulated system within the meaning of the Public Health Act 2010, the system must comply with the requirements of that Act and the regulations made under it, including AS/NZS 3666.1:2002, Air-handling and water systems of buildings—Microbial control, Part 1: Design, installation and commissioning.
Subdivision 5 Shop fronts and awnings
5.9   Specified complying development
An external alteration to, or the repair or replacement of, an existing shop front or awning, or the construction of a new awning, on a building that is used for any purpose other than for the purpose of a dwelling house is development specified for this code if it is not carried out in a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area.
5.10   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  not result in an increase in the gross floor area of the building, and
(b)  not reduce the area of the window or other clear glass of the shop front, and
(c)  not reduce the level of transparency of the shop front, such as by using obscure glazing, and
(d)  not reduce the existing level of access to the building for people with a disability, and
(e)  be no less than 2.7m high at any point measured above ground level (existing), and
(f)  in the case of the replacement of an existing awning fascia—have a vertical depth for the replacement fascia not greater than the vertical depth of the existing awning fascia, and
(g)  in the case of the construction of a new awning—have a vertical depth for the awning fascia not greater than the average of the vertical depths of the immediately adjoining awning fascias or, if there are no adjoining awning fascias, 350mm, and
(h)  be no more than 3m in depth measured horizontally from the facade of the building to which it is attached, and
(i)  be no closer than 450mm to the edge of any kerb or alignment of any path on which vehicles travel, and
(j)  be designed and certified by a professional engineer, and
(k)  in the case of the replacement of an awning or the construction of a new awning—be constructed of non-combustible material if it is located on bush fire prone land.
Note.
 A structure on public land or on or over a public road requires the prior approval of the relevant authority under the Local Government Act 1993 or the Roads Act 1993, respectively.
Subdivision 6 Skylights and roof windows
5.11   Specified complying development
The construction or installation of a skylight or roof window on a building that is used for any purpose other than a dwelling house is development specified for this code.
5.12   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  be constructed or installed so that any opening created is adequately weather proofed, and
(b)  if located on bush fire prone land—be constructed or installed so that any opening is sealed against the entry of embers, and
(c)  if located on land in a heritage conservation area or draft heritage conservation area—be constructed or installed within the plane of the roof and not be visible on the street elevation.
Subdivision 7 Projecting wall signs
5.13   Specified development
The construction or installation of a business identification sign that projects from the exterior wall of an existing building is development specified for the purposes of this code if:
(a)  it is not carried out on or in a heritage item or draft heritage item or in a heritage conservation area or draft heritage conservation area, and
(b)  it is carried out on land that is in a business, industrial or special purpose zone.
5.14   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  not result in more than 4 business identification signs of this type for the building (which may refer to more than 1 business within the building) so long as only one sign is visible on each elevation of the building, and
(b)  not project beyond the parapet or eaves of the building to which it is attached, and
(c)  if located in an industrial zone—be no more than 2.5m2 in area and not project more than 1.5m horizontally from the facade of the building, and
(d)  if located in any other zone—be no more than 1.5m2 in area and not project more than 0.75m horizontally from the facade of the building, and
(e)  be securely fixed to the wall in accordance with:
(i)  AS/NZS 1170.0:2002, Structural design actions, Part 0: General principles, and
(ii)  AS/NZS 1170.2:2011, Structural design actions, Part 2: Wind actions, and
(f)  if the sign is illuminated:
(i)  have its means of illumination, including any associated cables, concealed or integrated within the frame of the sign, and
(ii)  not be animated, flashing or moving, and
(iii)  comply with AS 4282—1997, Control of the obtrusive effects of outdoor lighting, and
(g)  if the sign is on land that is within a residential zone or within 50m of land that is within a residential zone and the sign faces the residential zone—only be illuminated during the following periods:
(i)  if the hours of operation of the business identified on the sign have been approved—during those hours,
(ii)  if the hours of operation of the business identified on the sign have not been approved—between 7.00 am and 10.00 pm on any day.
Note.
 A structure on public land or on or over a public road requires the prior approval of the relevant authority under the Local Government Act 1993 or the Roads Act 1993, respectively.
Subdivision 8 Freestanding pylon and directory board signs
5.15   Specified development
The erection of a business identification sign that is displayed on a freestanding structure that is mounted on the ground on one or more supports is development specified for this code if:
(a)  it is not carried out on or in a heritage item or a draft heritage item or in a heritage conservation area or a draft heritage conservation area, and
(b)  it is carried out on land that is in a business, industrial or special purpose zone.
5.16   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  not result in more than one such freestanding sign for each street frontage of the lot on which the development is located that is more than 15m in width, and
(b)  not be higher than 6m from ground level (existing), and
(c)  not have an area for the sign of more than 8m2 unless paragraph (d) applies, and
(d)  if the development is located on premises with more than one commercial tenant—not have an area for the sign of more than 16m2, and
(e)  not be located within 3m of any protected tree, and
(f)  be constructed and installed in accordance with:
(i)  AS/NZS 1170.0:2002, Structural design actions, Part 0: General principles, and
(ii)  AS/NZS 1170.2:2011, Structural design actions, Part 2: Wind actions, and
(g)  not obstruct the visibility sight lines of, or interfere with, any traffic control device, including traffic control lights, and
(h)  if the sign is illuminated:
(i)  have its means of illumination, including any associated cables, concealed or integrated within the frame of the sign, and
(ii)  not be animated, flashing or moving, and
(iii)  comply with AS 4282—1997, Control of the obtrusive effects of outdoor lighting, and
(i)  if the sign is on land that is within a residential zone or within 50m of land that is within a residential zone and the sign faces the residential zone—only be illuminated during the following periods:
(i)  if the hours of operation of the business identified on the sign have been approved—during those hours, or
(ii)  if the hours of operation of the business identified on the sign have not been approved—between 7.00 am and 10.00 pm on any day.
Note.
 A structure on public land or on or over a public road requires the prior approval of the relevant authority under the Local Government Act 1993 or the Roads Act 1993, respectively.
Subdivision 9 Development ancillary to the use of land
5.17   Specified development
Development, or the carrying out of works, that is or are ancillary to the use of land is development specified for this code if it is not carried out on a lot that:
(a)  contains a dwelling house, or
(b)  is a flood control lot.
5.18   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  have an area of not more than 100m2, or 15% of the area of the site on which the development is carried out, whichever is the lesser, and
(b)  not have a building height of more than 5m, and
(c)  be located at least 1m behind the building line of any road frontage (except where the development is a front awning on a building), and
(d)  be located at least 3m from any boundary adjoining land on which a dwelling is located, and
(e)  not be located over a registered easement, and
(f)  not reduce vehicular access to, parking on or loading or unloading on or from, the lot, and
(g)  not reduce the landscaped area of the lot, and
(h)  if carried out in a heritage conservation area or in a draft heritage conservation area:
(i)  be located behind the rear building line and no closer to each side boundary than the existing development with which it is associated, and
(ii)  not be carried out on a lot that adjoins a lane or a secondary or parallel road, and
(i)  to the extent that it is comprised of metal components—be constructed of low reflective, factory pre-coloured materials, and
(j)  if located on bush fire prone land—be constructed of non-combustible material, and
(k)  satisfy the requirements contained in an applicable development control plan applying to the land concerning its drainage systems and not interfere with the functioning of existing drainage fixtures or flow paths, and
(l)  if a carport—have 2 or more sides open and not less than one third of its perimeter open, and
(m)  in the case of a garbage bin enclosure:
(i)  not have a floor area more than 5m2, and
(ii)  not be higher than 3m if roofed or 1.5m above ground level (existing) if not roofed.
Subdivision 10 Earthworks, retaining walls and structural support
5.19   Specified development
Earthworks and the construction or installation of a retaining wall or other form of structural support are development specified for this code if they are not carried out on a lot that:
(a)  contains a dwelling house, or
(b)  is a flood control lot.
5.20   Development standards
(1)  The standards specified for that work are that the work must:
(a)  be structurally supported in accordance with subclause (2), and
(b)  if the land is not identified as Class 1, Class 2, Class 3 or Class 4 on the Acid Sulfate Soils Map—not be more than 3m below ground level (existing), and
(c)  if the land is identified as Class 1, Class 2, Class 3 or Class 4 on the Acid Sulfate Soils Map—not be more than 1m below ground level (existing), and
(d)  be carried out at least 40m from any waterbody (natural), and
(e)  not result in a building being located over a registered easement.
(2)  Structural support for earthworks more than 1m above or below ground level (existing) must take the form of a retaining wall or other form of structural support that:
(a)  has been certified by a professional engineer, and
(b)  has adequate drainage lines connected to an existing stormwater drainage system for the site, and
(c)  does not redirect the flow of any water or cause sediment to be transported onto an adjoining property, and
(d)  is not higher than 3m, and
(e)  is separated from any other structural support on the site by at least 2m, measured horizontally.
(3)  The standards specified for fill are that the fill must:
(a)  not raise the ground level (existing) more than 2m, and
(b)  be wholly contained by structural support in accordance with subclause (2), and
(c)  be located at least 40m from any waterbody (natural).
Subdivision 11 Driveways, hard stand spaces, pathways and paving
5.21   Specified development
The following development is specified for this code if it is not carried out on a lot that contains a dwelling house:
(a)  the construction or installation of pathways or paving,
(b)  the construction or installation of a driveway associated with access to a hard stand space, carport, loading bay or garage,
(c)  the construction or installation of a hard stand space, whether open or part of a carport.
5.22   Development standards
The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  satisfy the requirements of any applicable development control plan concerning its drainage systems and not interfere with the functioning of existing drainage fixtures or flow paths, and
(b)  not require a cut or fill of greater than 2m from ground level (existing), and
(c)  if it is a driveway or hard stand space:
(i)  be constructed in accordance with AS/NZS 2890.1:2004, Parking facilities, Part 1: Off-street car parking or AS 2890.2—2002, Parking facilities, Part 2: Off-street commercial vehicle facilities and RMS Australian Standard Supplements, Australian Standard—AS2890, Parking Facilities, Parts 1–6 issued by Roads and Maritime Services, and
(ii)  be designed to allow all vehicles to turn around within the site and exit in a forward direction, and
(iii)  be designed and certified by a professional engineer, and
(d)  if it is a driveway—have the consent required for a driveway under section 138 of the Roads Act 1993 from the appropriate roads authority, and
(e)  if the development is a hard stand space:
(i)  be associated with a driveway, and
(ii)  be located at least 3m from any boundary that adjoins a residential zone, and
(f)  if it is a pathway or paving area to be used for pedestrian access—be designed or constructed in accordance with AS 1428.1—2009, Design for access and mobility, Part 1: General requirements for access—New building work.
Subdivision 12 Fences
5.23   Specified development
The construction of a fence that is not located on the boundary of a road, other than a rear lane, is development specified for this code if it is not carried out on a lot that contains a dwelling house.
5.24   Development standards
(1)  The standards specified for that development are that the development must:
(a)  be located on a side or rear boundary, and
(b)  not be more than 3m above ground level (existing), and
(c)  not be of solid construction.
(2)  Despite subclause (1), any fence located along the boundary of a site that adjoins land within a residential zone or a lane must be open for at least 75% of the area of the fence that is more than 1.8m above ground level (existing).
Note.
 Development standards for fences that are exempt development are specified in Division 1 of Part 2.
Division 2 Conditions applying to complying development certificates under this code
5.25   Conditions specified in Schedule 8 apply
A complying development certificate for development specified under this code must be issued subject to the conditions specified in Schedule 8.