Road Rules 2008
Current version for 1 October 2014 to date (accessed 29 November 2014 at 08:38)
Part 15

Part 15 Additional rules for bicycle riders

Note 1. This Part contains rules that apply only to bicycle riders. Most rules in these Rules apply to bicycle riders in the same way as they apply to drivers—see rule 19. There are some other rules that are for bicycle riders only, or that have exceptions for bicycle riders. These include:
•  optional hook turn by bicycle riders—rule 35
•  bicycle riders making a hook turn contrary to a no hook turn by bicycles sign—rule 36
•  bicycle riders excepted from giving stop signals—rule 52
•  exception for bicycle riders riding in emergency stopping lanes—rule 95
•  bicycle riders entering and leaving roundabouts—rules 111 and 119
•  bicycle riders overtaking on the left—rule 141
•  riding alongside other riders—rule 151
•  bicycle lanes—rule 153
•  parking at a bicycle rail or in a bicycle rack—rule 166
•  stopping on footpaths—rule 197
•  stopping on a road with a bicycle parking sign—rule 201.
Note 2. Bicycle is defined in the Dictionary.

245   Riding a bicycle

The rider of a bicycle must:
(a)  sit astride the rider’s seat facing forwards (except if the bicycle is not built to be ridden astride), and
(b)  ride with at least 1 hand on the handlebars, and
(c)  if the bicycle is equipped with a seat—not ride the bicycle seated in any other position on the bicycle.

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

245–1   NSW rule: riding a bicycle negligently, furiously or recklessly

(cf RRR, cl 96A)

(1)  The rider of a bicycle must not ride the bicycle:
(a)  negligently, or
(b)  furiously, or
(c)  recklessly.

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

(2)  An offence against subrule (1) is not a strict liability offence.
Note. This rule is an additional NSW road rule. There is no corresponding rule in the Australian Road Rules.

246   Carrying people on a bicycle

(1)  The rider of a bicycle must not carry more persons on the bicycle than the bicycle is designed to carry.

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

Example. A single-seat bicycle with a child’s seat attached is designed to carry 2 people, 1 on the bicycle seat and 1 on the attached child’s seat.
(2)  A passenger on a bicycle that is moving, or is stationary but not parked, must sit in the seat designed for the passenger.

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

(3)  The rider of a bicycle must not ride with a passenger unless the passenger complies with subrule (2).

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

247   Riding in a bicycle lane on a road

(1)  The rider of a bicycle riding on a length of road with a bicycle lane designed for bicycles travelling in the same direction as the rider must ride in the bicycle lane unless it is impracticable to do so.

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

Note. Rule 153 defines a bicycle lane and deals with the use of bicycle lanes by other vehicles.
(2)  In this rule:

road does not include a road related area.

Note. Road related area includes the shoulder of a road—see rule 13.

247A   Entering a bicycle storage area

(1)  A rider of a bicycle approaching a bicycle storage area at an intersection that has traffic lights or traffic arrows showing a red traffic light or red arrow must not enter the bicycle storage area other than from a bicycle lane, unless the rider is not required to ride in the bicycle lane under these Rules.

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

Note. Bicycle storage area is defined in the Dictionary.
(2)  Subrule (1) does not apply if:
(a)  the bicycle storage area cannot, under another law of this jurisdiction, be entered from a bicycle lane, and
(b)  the rider enters the area in accordance with another law of this jurisdiction.

247B   Giving way while entering or in a bicycle storage area

(1)  A rider of a bicycle must when entering a bicycle storage area, give way to:
(a)  any vehicle that is in the area, and
(b)  if the area is before any green or yellow traffic lights, any motor vehicle that is entering or about to enter the area, unless the motor vehicle is turning in a direction that is subject to a red traffic arrow, and
(c)  if the area forms part of a lane to which traffic arrows apply, any motor vehicle that is entering or about to enter the area at a time when those arrows are green or yellow.

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

Note. Bicycle storage area is defined in the Dictionary.
(2)  A rider of a bicycle that is in a bicycle storage area that extends across more than one lane of a multi-lane road must, if the area is before any green or yellow traffic lights, give way to a motor vehicle that is in any lane other than the lane that the bicycle is directly in front of, unless the motor vehicle is turning in a direction that is subject to a red traffic arrow.

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

248   No riding across a road on a crossing

(1)  The rider of a bicycle must not ride across a road, or part of a road, on a children’s crossing or pedestrian crossing.

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

Note. Children’s crossing is defined in rule 80, and pedestrian crossing is defined in rule 81.
(2)  The rider of a bicycle must not ride across a road, or part of a road, on a marked foot crossing, unless there are bicycle crossing lights at the crossing showing a green bicycle crossing light.

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

Note. Marked foot crossing is defined in the Dictionary.

249   Riding on a separated footpath

The rider of a bicycle must not ride on a part of a separated footpath designated for the use of pedestrians.

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

Note 1. Separated footpath is defined in rule 239, and pedestrian is defined in rule 18.
Note 2. Rule 336 deals with how parts of a separated footpath are designated for bicycle riders and pedestrians.

250   Riding on a footpath or shared path

(1)  The rider of a bicycle who is 12 years old or older must not ride on a footpath unless:
(a)  if the rider is an adult—the rider is accompanying a child under 12 years of age who is riding on the footpath and the child is under the rider’s supervision, or
(b)  if the rider is not an adult—the rider is under the supervision of an accompanying adult as referred to in paragraph (a), or
(c)  the rider is a postal worker who is riding the bicycle in the course of his or her duties as a postal worker, or
(d)  the rider is carrying a person who is under 10 years old as a passenger on the bicycle or in or on a bicycle trailer towed by the bicycle and the bicycle is not a pedicab.

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

Note 1. Bicycle trailer is defined in rule 257 and footpath and postal worker are defined in the Dictionary.
Note 2. Subrule (1) is not uniform with the corresponding subrule in rule 250 of the Australian Road Rules. However, the corresponding subrule in the Australian Road Rules allows another law of this jurisdiction to prohibit a rider of a bicycle who is 12 years old or older from riding on a footpath. Different rules may apply in other Australian jurisdictions.
Note 3. A rider of a bicycle who is under 12 years of age may ride on a footpath unless such a rider is prohibited from doing so under rule 250–1 or rule 252.
(2)  The rider of a bicycle riding on a footpath or shared path must:
(a)  keep to the left of the footpath or shared path unless it is impracticable to do so, and
(b)  give way to any pedestrian on the footpath or shared path.

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

Note 1. Pedestrian is defined in rule 18, and shared path is defined in rule 242.
Note 2. For subrule (2), give way means the rider must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision—see the definition in the Dictionary.
(3)  In this rule:

adult means an individual who is 18 years old or older.

Note. There is no corresponding definition for this term for the purposes of rule 250 of the Australian Road Rules. The definition is required for the purposes of subrule (1) (a) and (b).

footpath does not include a separated footpath.

Note. Separated footpath is defined in rule 239.

250–1   NSW rule: children under 12 years not to ride on certain footpaths

(cf RRR, cl 83)

(1)  A rider of a bicycle who is under 12 years old must not ride on any footpath in an area that the Minister has declared, by order published in the Gazette, to be an area in which riding on footpaths by children under 12 years of age is prohibited.

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

(2)  In this rule:

footpath does not include a separated footpath.

Note 1. Separated footpath is defined in rule 239.
Note 2. This rule is an additional NSW road rule. There is no corresponding rule in the Australian Road Rules.

251   Riding to the left of oncoming bicycle riders on a path

The rider of a bicycle riding on a bicycle path, footpath, separated footpath or shared path must keep to the left of any oncoming bicycle rider on the path.

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

Note. Bicycle path and separated footpath are defined in rule 239, footpath is defined in the Dictionary, and shared path is defined in rule 242.

252   No bicycles signs and markings

(1)  The rider of a bicycle must not ride on a length of road or footpath to which a no bicycles sign, or a no bicycles road marking, applies.

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

Note. Footpath, length of road and no bicycles road marking are defined in the Dictionary.
(2)  A no bicycles sign, or a no bicycles road marking, applies to a length of road or footpath beginning at the sign or marking and ending at the nearest of the following:
(a)  a bicycle path sign or bicycle path road marking,
(b)  a bicycle lane sign,
(c)  a separated footpath sign or separated footpath road marking,
(d)  a shared path sign,
(e)  an end no bicycles sign,
(f)  the next intersection.
Note. Intersection is defined in the Dictionary, and bicycle path road marking and separated footpath road marking are defined in rule 239.
 

No bicycles sign

Bicycle path sign

Bicycle lane sign

Separated footpath sign

Shared path sign

End no bicycles sign

Note for diagrams. A separated footpath sign may have the pedestrian symbol and the bicycle symbol reversed—see rule 316 (4).

253   Bicycle riders not to cause a traffic hazard

The rider of a bicycle must not cause a traffic hazard by moving into the path of a driver or pedestrian.

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

254   Bicycles being towed etc

(1)  A person must not ride on a bicycle that is being towed by another vehicle.

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

Note. Vehicle is defined in rule 15.
(2)  The rider of a bicycle must not hold onto another vehicle while the vehicle is moving.

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

255   Riding too close to the rear of a motor vehicle

The rider of a bicycle must not ride within 2 metres of the rear of a moving motor vehicle continuously for more than 200 metres.

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

Note. Motor vehicle is defined in the Dictionary.

256   Bicycle helmets

(1)  The rider of a bicycle must wear an approved bicycle helmet securely fitted and fastened on the rider’s head, unless the rider is exempt from wearing a bicycle helmet under another law of this jurisdiction.

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

Note. Approved bicycle helmet is defined in the Dictionary.
(2)  A passenger on a bicycle that is moving, or is stationary but not parked, must wear an approved bicycle helmet securely fitted and fastened on the passenger’s head, unless the passenger is:
(a)  a paying passenger on a three or four-wheeled bicycle, or
(b)  exempt from wearing a bicycle helmet under another law of this jurisdiction.

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

(3)  The rider of a bicycle must not ride with a passenger on the bicycle unless the passenger complies with subrule (2).

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

257   Riding with a person on a bicycle trailer

(1)  The rider of a bicycle must not tow a bicycle trailer with a person in or on the bicycle trailer, unless:
(a)  the rider is 16 years old, or older, and
(b)  the person in or on the bicycle trailer is under 10 years old, or as otherwise provided under another law of this jurisdiction, and
(c)  the bicycle trailer can safely carry the person, and
(d)  the person in or on the bicycle trailer is wearing an approved bicycle helmet securely fitted and fastened on the person’s head, unless the person is exempt from wearing a bicycle helmet under another law of this jurisdiction.

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

Note. Approved bicycle helmet is defined in the Dictionary.
(2)  In this rule:

bicycle trailer means a vehicle that is built to be towed, or is towed, by a bicycle.

Note. Vehicle is defined in rule 15.

258   Equipment on a bicycle

A person must not ride a bicycle that does not have:
(a)  at least 1 effective brake, and
(b)  a bell, horn, or similar warning device, in working order.

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

259   Riding at night

The rider of a bicycle must not ride at night, or in hazardous weather conditions causing reduced visibility, unless the bicycle, or the rider, displays:
(a)  a flashing or steady white light that is clearly visible for at least 200 metres from the front of the bicycle, and
(b)  a flashing or steady red light that is clearly visible for at least 200 metres from the rear of the bicycle, and
(c)  a red reflector that is clearly visible for at least 50 metres from the rear of the bicycle when light is projected onto it by a vehicle’s headlight on low-beam.

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

Note. Low-beam and night are defined in the Dictionary.

260   Stopping for a red bicycle crossing light

(1)  The rider of a bicycle approaching or at an intersection, or another place on a road or road related area, with bicycle crossing lights must comply with this rule.

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

Note. Bicycle crossing lights is defined in the Dictionary.
(2)  If the bicycle crossing lights show a red bicycle crossing light and the rider has not already started crossing the intersection or place, the rider must not start to cross until:
(a)  the bicycle crossing lights change to green, or
(b)  there is no red or yellow bicycle crossing light showing.
Note 1. Red bicycle crossing light includes a flashing red bicycle crossing light—see the definition in the Dictionary.
Note 2. Green bicycle crossing light and yellow bicycle crossing light are defined in the Dictionary.
Example. 

Red bicycle crossing light

Green bicycle crossing light

(3)  In this rule:

road includes any shoulder of the road.

Note. Road related area is defined in rule 13, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.

261   Stopping for a yellow bicycle crossing light

(1)  The rider of a bicycle approaching or at an intersection, or another place on a road or road related area, with bicycle crossing lights must comply with this rule.

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

Note. Bicycle crossing lights is defined in the Dictionary.
(2)  If the bicycle crossing lights show a yellow bicycle crossing light and the rider has not already started crossing the intersection or place, the rider must not start to cross until:
(a)  the bicycle crossing lights change to green, or
(b)  there is no red or yellow bicycle crossing light showing.
Note 1. Yellow bicycle crossing light includes a flashing yellow bicycle crossing light—see the definition in the Dictionary.
Note 2. Green bicycle crossing light and red bicycle crossing light are defined in the Dictionary.
 

Yellow bicycle crossing light

(3)  In this rule:

road includes any shoulder of the road.

Note. Road related area is defined in rule 13, and shoulder is defined in rule 12.

262   Proceeding when bicycle crossing lights change to yellow or red

(1)  The rider of a bicycle who is crossing at an intersection, or another place on a road, with bicycle crossing lights and traffic lights must comply with this rule.

Maximum penalty: 20 penalty units.

Note. Bicycle crossing lights, intersection and traffic lights are defined in the Dictionary.
(2)  If the bicycle crossing lights change from green to yellow, flashing yellow, red or flashing red while the rider is crossing the road, the rider must not stay on the road for longer than necessary to cross safely to the nearer (in the direction of travel of the rider) of the following:
(a)  a dividing strip, safety zone, or traffic island, forming part of the area set aside or used by riders of bicycles to cross the road at the intersection or place (the safety area),
(b)  the far side of the road.
Note. Dividing strip and traffic island are defined in the Dictionary, and safety zone is defined in rule 162.
(2A)  Despite subrule (2), in the circumstances set out in that subrule the rider may instead return to the side of the road, or to the safety area, that he or she has just left, but only if:
(a)  at the time the lights change, that side or safety area is closer to him or her than the side or safety area (whichever is the closer) that he or she was heading for at that time, and
(b)  he or she does not stay on the road for longer than is necessary to return to that side or safety area.
(3)  If, under subrule (2), the rider crosses to the safety area, the rider must remain in the safety area until the bicycle crossing lights change to green.
(4)  However, if the rider cannot operate the bicycle crossing lights from the safety area, the rider may cross to the far side of the road when:
(a)  the traffic lights change to green or flashing yellow, or there is no red traffic light showing, and
(b)  it is safe to do so.
Note. Red traffic light is defined in the Dictionary.
(5)  In this rule:

road does not include a road related area, but includes any shoulder of the road.

Note. Road related area is defined in rule 13 and shoulder is defined in rule 12.
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