Guardianship Act 1987 No 257
Current version for 29 October 2014 to date (accessed 20 December 2014 at 01:23)

33   Definitions

(1)  In this Part:

clinical trial means a trial of drugs or techniques that necessarily involves the carrying out of medical or dental treatment on the participants in the trial.

medical or dental treatment or treatment means:

(a)  medical treatment (including any medical or surgical procedure, operation or examination and any prophylactic, palliative or rehabilitative care) normally carried out by or under the supervision of a medical practitioner, or
(b)  dental treatment (including any dental procedure, operation or examination) normally carried out by or under the supervision of a dentist, or
(c)  any other act declared by the regulations to be treatment for the purposes of this Part,
(and, in the case of treatment in the course of a clinical trial, is taken to include the giving of placebos to some of the participants in the trial), but does not include:
(d)  any non-intrusive examination made for diagnostic purposes (including a visual examination of the mouth, throat, nasal cavity, eyes or ears), or
(e)  first-aid medical or dental treatment, or
(f)  the administration of a pharmaceutical drug for the purpose, and in accordance with the dosage level, recommended in the manufacturer’s instructions (being a drug for which a prescription is not required and which is normally self-administered), or
(g)  any other kind of treatment that is declared by the regulations not to be treatment for the purposes of this Part.

major treatment means treatment (other than special treatment or treatment in the course of a clinical trial) that is declared by the regulations to be major treatment for the purposes of this Part.

minor treatment means treatment that is not special treatment, major treatment or treatment in the course of a clinical trial.

person responsible has the meaning given by section 33A.

special treatment means:

(a)  any treatment that is intended, or is reasonably likely, to have the effect of rendering permanently infertile the person on whom it is carried out, or
(b)  any new treatment that has not yet gained the support of a substantial number of medical practitioners or dentists specialising in the area of practice concerned, or
(c)  any other kind of treatment declared by the regulations to be special treatment for the purposes of this Part,
but does not include treatment in the course of a clinical trial.

(2)  For the purposes of this Part, a person is incapable of giving consent to the carrying out of medical or dental treatment if the person:
(a)  is incapable of understanding the general nature and effect of the proposed treatment, or
(b)  is incapable of indicating whether or not he or she consents or does not consent to the treatment being carried out.
(3)  For the purposes of this Part, a person shall be taken to object to the carrying out of medical or dental treatment:
(a)  if the person indicates (by whatever means) that he or she does not want the treatment to be carried out, or
(b)  if the person:
(i)  has previously indicated, in similar circumstances, that he or she did not then want the treatment to be carried out, and
(ii)  has not subsequently indicated to the contrary.
(4)  (Repealed)
Top of page